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The principal feature in this edition of the Maori Dictionary, which 
calls for special notice, is tlie arrangement of the words. There 
are certain changes in form which are applicable to a very large 
proportion of the words in the language, and especially to adjectives 
and verbs. These changes are effected by the reduplication of one 
or more syllables, by prefixing the causative 'whaka,' and by the 
addition of a termination whicb forms a derivative noun. It has been 
thought better therefore, in this edition, not to place all words so 
changed in alphabetical order, as so many independent words ; but 
to group them all under the simple forms, and to give, in an Intro- 
duction, an explanation of their usual efiect in modifying the meaning 
of a word. If, therefore, a word having one or two syllables repeated, 
or a word beginning with ^ whaka,' or a word witli the termination of 
a derivative noun, cannot be found in its place, according to the 
alphabetical order of the letters, it may be looked for under the simpler 
form of the word. Thus, papae, paepae, tvhakapae, paenga and 
whakapaenga may all be looked for under pae, and whakamaharahara 
and whakamaharatanga may be looked for under the simple form, wia/iara. 
If, in any such case, the particular development of the word is not to 
be found under the simple form, the meaning may be ascertained by 
a reference to the Introduction. A little experience will soon shew 
the advantage of having these various forms of each word thus grouped 

The accents have been omitted, and the quantity of the vowels, as 
being of much more importance, has been indicated by the usual long 
and short marks. Rules for accentuation are appended to the Intro- 

The first, or Maori and English portion of the work has been 
submitted to very careful revision, and the additions amount to 
upwards of 1200 genuine Maori words, without reckoning the 
reduplicated forms, the causatives with 'whaka,' or the derivative 
nouns. The large number of corrections and additions, and the 
alteration in the general plan of the work have involved the necessity 
of re-writing the whole, 


It would be a great achievement, if it were possible, to obtain a 
collection of all known Maori words, with well authenticated examples 
of genuine Maori usage. This book makes no pretension to any such 
completeness. The difficulty of the task of collecting words can be 
fully appreciated by those only who have made trial of it. To make a 
collection at all approaching to completeness would require the 
co-operation of a number of individuals, each working in a diflferent 
district, for there are many woi'ds, which, though well known in one 
district, may be absolutely unknown in another. Nor is it so easy to 
procure good illustrative examples as it may be imagined to be. A 
large number of examples have been taken from the "Mythology and 
Traditions of the New Zealanders," edited by Sir G. Grey, and 
published in London in the year 1854. The numbers appended to 
many of the examples now given refer to the pages of that work from 
which they have been taken. The other examples have for the most 
part either been copied from Maori lettei-s or other writings, or they 
have been taken down on the spot from the lips of Maori speakers. 

TuRANGA, December, 1869. 


It has indeed been proposed by some, that the New Zealand 
language should be discouraged as much as possible, and that the 
Natives should at once be instructed in English. It must be allowed 
that, if such a plan were practicable, the advantages arising from it 
would be great ; and civilization cannot advance so favorably without 
it. Let this difficulty be once overcome, and the immense fund of 
information to be gathered from books in our own language is thrown 
open to this interesting people. But a knowledge of facts tells us the 
acquisition of English by the New Zealanders will only be partial, 
even in those districts in which our principal settlements are made, 
while the larger portion of the Natives will hold but little intercourse 
with our countrymen, who will have no inducement to settle in those 
districts which the Natives generally prefer. That it will be difficult 
to pex'suade the Natives, as a people, to adopt our language to the 
disuse of their own, may be inferred from the fact, that the Irish and 
Welsh, even though living in the heart of English towns, continue to 
use their favourite tongue, and that, too, after our connection as one 
people has continued for many centuries. While, therefore, every 
encouragement should be given to the Natives to learn English, it will 
not be the less necessary for those, whose position brings tliem into 
frequent communication with this people, to learn their language ; and, 
it is interesting to know that many are ready to make use of every 
help which may be affiarded them. As these attempts are persevered 
in, it is likely that a great accession of valuable materials will ere long 
be made from various sources. If, in the meantime, the present 
Compilation shall be the means of assisting those who are disposed to 
prosecute the study — though it be only as a ground-work for something 
more extensively useful hereafter, it will have served the purpose for 
which it was undertaken, 



In tlie first part of this Dictionary, the English words which are 
printed in italics are to be regarded as the ')neanings, or English 
equivalents of the Maori words, or sentences to which they are appended. 
Mere descriptions of words, which may or may not have English 
equivalents, are printed in Roman type. 

Those words which are printed in Roman capitals ai'e words of 
foreign origin, generally transliterated forms of English words. In 
the second part, such words are printed in italic capitals. 


Tliere does not appear to be any real necessity for encunihering 
the pages of a dictionary by treating as so many distinct words what 
are, in fact, only different regular uses of the same word, In an 
English dictionary, for example, no one would expect to find the plural 
form of every noun treated as a distinct word. But we may go further 
even than the usual practice in English dictionaries, and say that there 
is no necessity for setting down all the regularly formed participles, 
and the nouns ending in -er, as distinct words : for no one, who is 
acquainted with the habits of ordinary English verbs, would fail to see 
at a glance the meaning of such words as "doer," "doing," &c., as soon 
as he had ascertained the meaning of the verb from which they are 
regularly derived. Nor again, when one hears or uses the expression, 
" a stone hoiise," is it necessary to consider the word " stone " as an 
adjective, distinct from the noun " stone," because it happens, in this 
particular instance, to be used as an adjective, any more than we 
should say that there is also an adverb, "stone," to explain such an 
expression as " stone dead." But when the attempt is not made to 
present each word under every variety of form, and in every possible 
position in which it may be found in the language, it becomes the more 
important that the various modifications of form to which any word is 
liable should be pointed out, and that the effect which such modifi- 
cations usually have upon the meaning of the word should be 
explained. This is the intention of the present introduction. 

§ i. Reduplication. 

Adjectives and verbs are modified in meaning by the reduplication 
of one or both of the syllables of the root.* 

* Most simple Maori words seem to be formed from a di-syllabic root ; some 
consisting of the root only, and others of the root and a prefixed syllable. Of 
the prefixed syllables, ma often constitutes the word an adjective. Long vowels 
and diphthongs are equivalent in this respect to two syllables, a consonant having 
certainly in some cases, if not in all, been dropped : thus 'ke,' different, is, in the 
Tonga dialect, 'kehe,' and 'tai,' sea, is 'tahi.' By way of illustration we may note 
that, in ' tatahi ' and ' tahatai,' we have two forms of the same word, which, without 
contraction, would have been 'tahatahi.' 

In the case of adjectives, the effect of doubling both syllables of 
the root is to diminish the intensity of the meaning, thus : Mate, sick ; 
matemate, sickly. Wera, hot ; werawera, rather hot ; warm. If one 
syllable only of the root is doubled, the effect may be either (1) to 
diminish the intensity of the meaning, as in the following : Pango, 
black; papango, somewhat black, dark. Where, red; whewhero, 
reddish. Maro, stiff ; maroro, somewhat stiff; or, (2) to denote the 
plural number, thus : He rakau pai, a good tree ; He rakau papai, 
good trees. It is to be observed, however, in the latter case, that the 
simple form is used both for singular and plural ; the reduplicated 
form for plural only. 

In the case of verbs, the effect of the two kinds of reduplication 
is somewhat different. The reduplication of the first syllable of the 
root denotes either (1) a prolongation or continuance of the action with 
increased intensity, or (2) a mut\xal action ; while the doubling of both 
syllables of the root gives the verb a frequentative force, denoting 
that the action is frequently repeated, the intensity being diminished. 
Thus, kimo denotes the ordinary involuntary winking of the eyes ; 
kikimo denotes that the eyes are closed and kept fast closed ; kimokimo 
again, denotes a frequent winking. The following examples may 
serve as illustrations : Kei te whaia tonutia te Hauhau e te Kawana- 
tanga : kaore ano i tae noa mai he korero o te pipiritanga. — The 
Hauhaus are still 2)ursued by the colonial forces : no tidings have yet 
reached us of their having joined battle. Hopuhopu kau ana : ka mate 
nga atua o Puarata. — He caught PuaratcCs atua one after another, and 
thus they were destroyed. 

In words of three syllables, the doubling of both syllables of the 
root causes a euphonious lengthening of the first syllable. Mania, 
slippery ^ becomes maniania ; and tinei, extinguish, becomes tineinei. 

§ ii. WHaka. 

Nouns, adjectives and verbs may all have a prefix, whaka, 
(sometimes contracted to wha) the effect of which is to make a casual 
verb. WHakatangata signifies make into a tnan, or treat as a 
m,an ; whakapai, make good, or pronounce good ; whakanoho, cause 
to sit ; whakamohio, cause to know. Nouns and some adjectives, having 
whaka thus prefixed, are often used intransitively, when they have a 
reflex signification, it being assumed that, where no object is expressed, 
the agent is himself the object of his own action. Thus whakatika, 
straighten, is commonly i^sed, without an object expressed, to signify 


straighten oneself, or stand tip ; whakatamariki, OjCt the part of a child ; 
whakatane, j^lf^y ^^*^ vmn* 

§ iii. Passive Terminations. 
The usual passive terminations of verbs are -a, -ia, -Ida, -Ma, -mia, 
-ngia, -ria, -tia, -whia, -na, -ina, -rina, -whina. Thus — 
Poro becomes poroa ; 


whatiia ; 


waruhia ; 


motokia ; 


horomia : 


rerengia ; 


mauria ; 


awhitia ; 


whaowhia, and whaowhina ; 


tikiaa ; 


arohaina ; 


whakaaturia and whakaaturina. 

It is questionable whether any rule can be laid down for applying 
one termination rather than another to any given verb. Usage varies 
in different parts of the country so much that it appears to be mere 
matter of custom, some regard being paid to euphony. 

Intransitive, as well as transitive, verbs have a passive voice, 
requiring the addition of a preposition, in English, to make the sense 
complete. Thus, haere, go; haerea, be travelled over; noho, sit: 
nohoia, be sat uj)on ; Ko te wahi tenei e tapepea nei, this is the place 
on which one has slipped ; Kotahi te wahi i tapekatia, there was one 
place to which they turned aside. 

Some adverbs, and all adjectives when used adverbially, take one 
or other of the above terminations whenever the verbs with which they 
are connected are passive. Example : Tokowha o ona hoa i kainga 
katoatia e ia there were four of his comjmnions who were devoured 
entirely by him. 

Nouns, adjectives and participles will also be met with occasion* 
ally, carrying the termination of a passive verb. This form expresses 
a change into that which the simple word signifies. Thus, Koroua 
signifies old man ; Kua korouatia koe, you have grown into an old 
man ; Ka tapatia te hiako, the skin has become chapped ; Aua e 
taparurutia te haere, let not our rate of travelling become slow. 

* This reflex use is met with in other words besides those compounded with 
whaka. Neke, v.t. vwve, if no object is expressed, is always understood to mean, 
move oneself. 

Sometimes a phrase may be treated like a verb when it is 
impossible to consider it as a permanent compound word. For instance, 
the expression, ma te matapihi, through the window, might be welded 
together into one word, and a passive termination added, thus, 
Ma-te-matapihi-tia mai, Let it be j)assed through the window. 

§ iv. Nouns of Circumstance. 
These are derived from adjectives, participles or verbs by the 
simple addition of one of the following terminations, -nga, -anga, -hanga, 
-manga, -ranga, -tanga, -inga ; the choice of the termination for any 
given word being, as in the case of the passives, somewhat arbitrary, 
and dependent upon usage which is not always uniform. Thus — 
Mahi makes mahinga ; 

Noho M 

nohoanga ; 
tirohanga ; 

Ngaro II 
Whakaatu u 
Pupuri II 

ngaromanga ; 
whakaaturanga ; 
puritanga ; 

In some few cases the final vowel is altered, for arahi makes arahanga, 
and nunumi makes numanga. These nouns denote the circumstance, 
time or place of the action or condition, and those which are derived 
from verbs, may be either active or passive, accox-ding to the context. 
Thus, patu signifies strike, and patunga, the circumstance, time or 
place of striking or of being struck. Tana patunga i a au, the circum- 
stance of his striking me. Tona patunga e au, the circumstance of his 

being struck by me. 

§ V. Numeral Prefixes. 

These are (1) e, prefixed to all but tahi ; (2) ko, prefixed to tahi 
only ; (3) toko, used in speaking of persons when the number is not 
higher than nine; (4) hoko, which expresses multiples of ten, but 
sometimes also is merely equivalent to toko ; and (5) taki, which is 
distributive, as takiwhitu, by sevens. All of these except ko are used 
with the interrogative numeral hia, and in speaking of persons, taki is 
used along with toko, as takitokowha, by four persons at a time. 

Taki is also used sometimes with adjectives or participles to denote 
that the word applies to each and all of the things spoken of. Ka 
takimanu anake nga waka, the canoes are one and all afloat. 

§ vi. -TANGA. 

Passive verbs sometimes have a suffix, -tanga, wliich, if the verb 
is qualified by an adverb, is attached to the adverb in place of the 

passive termination. The force of this sufTix it is not very easy to 
determine. Sometimes, at all events, it seems to have the same effect 
as 'ana' would have in the same position. Hike tonu ia ki nga 
ngarehu, apuatanga. — He immediately snatched uj) the burning coals 
and crammed them into his motith. Apitiria tonutanga atu ko te pa, 
ka horo. — The pa was then attacked in addition, arid fell. 

§ vii. NGe. 
The syllable nge is sometimes pi-efixed to personal or possessive 
pronouns, as nge-au, nge-ona ; and sometimes it appears as a suffix to 
the adverbs pea and koa, thus, peange, koange ; but in none of these 
cases does it apparently affect the meaning of the word to which it is 
attached. Whatever meaning it may have originally had, it is now 
only an euphonious suffix. 

§ viii. Different modes op Spelling. 
A Maori, in writing a long vowel, will frequently double it to 
shew that it is long, especially when it may be important to keep it 
distinct from another word which is similarly spelt, but differently 
pronounced, and thus we may have the same word spelt two different 
ways. Kainga, dwellingplace, is thus often written kaainga, to 
distinguish it from kainga, act of eating. The words tangata, wahine, 
matua, tupuna, and a few others, may, in the same way, have the 
vowel in the antepenultimate syllable doubled, to shew that that 
syllable is to be pronounced long, to denote the plural number, 

§ ix. Disguised Words. 
Well-known words may sometimes be met with in such a disguise 
that it is difficult at first sight, to recognize them at all. The disguise 
may be effected (1) by the transposition of single letters or syllables; 
or (2) by the substitution, for one letter, of another which has, or may 
be assumed to have, some affinity with it; or (3) by the substitution, 
in a compound word, for one of its elements, of another word having 
the same signification. Changes of the first class may perhaps be set 
down merely as peculiarities of dialect, though some of them have 
possibly had an arbitrary origin. Those of the third class, and 
probably those of the second, have originated in a desire to avoid the 
possibility of one's getting into trouble through the accidental 
resemblance of the name of some great chief to a word in common use. 
The mere fact of his name, or a word similar to it, being used in a 
manner which he considered disrespectful to himself, used to be con- 
sidered quite sufficient justification for a chief in picking a quarrel with 


his neighbours, when the quarrel was determined on, and nothing but 
a plausible pretext was wanting. The following may serve as an 
illustration of this. Some years ago, the child of a chief of the 
NGatiporou tribe received the name of Te Wairama. In consequence 
of this the word honu came into common use for water, and the usual 
word, wai, was avoided for fear of giving offence. 

Cases of transposition are not uncommon, and sometimes both 
forms of a transposed word may be found in use together in the 
same district. Thus rango, fly, is transposed into ngaro ; and 
ngawhariki into whanariki.* 

Interchangeable letters are (1) a and e; (2) a and o ; (3) i and u ; 
(4) m, n and ng; (5) k and ng ; (6) k and 2^; (7) wh and h. Examples : 

1. Teina, tana. 

2. Taimaha, toimaha. 

3. Taimaha, taumaha. 
Tupuna, tipuna. 

4. Momi, ngongi. 
Memenge, memene. 

5. Karengo, kareko. 
Kainga, kaika. 

6. Karengo, parengo. 

7. Mawhiti, mahiti. 

Here should also be mentioned certain local peculiarities in 
pronunciation which often cause changes in orthography. (1) Some 
of the natives in the Bay of Plenty habitually substitute n for ng. 
(2) Some of the tribes on the west coast of the North Island, from 
Taranaki southwards, have a difficulty with h and wh. For h they 
substitute what, in the case of Samoan and some other dialects, is 
called a ' break,' and is represented by an invei-ted comma ; and for 
wh they use the simple w; Whanganui, for example, being pronounced 
by them as if written Wanganui. (3) The Ngaitahu in the South 
Island substitute k for ng, pronouncing kainga as if written kaika, 
and tangata as if written takata. 

§ x. The same word in different aspects. 
The same word may, at different times assume the functions of 
several different parts of speech. Thus Nouns are frequently used as 

* The word, engari, is probably only a transposed form of erangi. Sottie 
good authorities consider the two words to be distinct, both in etymology and 
signification, but after much close observation of the use of the two words by 
Natives, both in writing and speaking, I have been driven to the conclusion that 
they are identical, at least in meaning. 

adjectives to denote the material of which a tiling is made, the purpose 
to which it is applied, &c. He whare raupo, a house [built o/"] raupo ; 
He roto tuna, a lake \in ^v]iic1{\ eels [abound]. Adjectives and parti- 
ciples are used as nouns to express the quality, apart from the 
individual person or thing in wliich that quality may reside. Haere 
koe, e hoki ki uta, hei korero i toku toa, Go, return to the shore, and 
tell of my bravery. Adjectives and participles are also commonly used 
as adverbs. I mauria maoatia mai te kai, The food was brought in a 
cooked state. 

Verbs again frequently become nouns ; the infinitive mood of the 
verb being, in fact, nothing more than the verb treated as a noun. 
Or again, they do the work of adjectives and adverbs. He matua 
whangai, a foster father. 

Nouns also will sometimes assume the functions of verbs, as in 
the case already mentioned, § iii, as well as in others. Nona ka 
kaumatua nei, ka timata tona mate, /' was when he arrived at man^s 
estate that his sickness began. 


It may be set down as a general rule, to which there are some 
exceptions, that Maori words are always accented on the first syllable ; 
but compound words, or words which have the disyllabic root doubled, 
have a secondary accent on the second portion of the word. 

WHaka, beginning a word is always un-accented. 

The articles, he te, nga, all the prepositions, the verbal particles, 
and the particles a and ko are un-accented ; but when the particle a 
precedes any of the singular personal pronouns, au, koe, ia, or the 
indefinite pronoun mea, these words throw back their accent upon 
the a, which thus becomes accented. 



Karanga, call. 

i. Indicative. 

1 . Inceptive ; past or future. 

Ka karanga ia : He called, or began to call ; He will call, or ivill 

begin to call. 
Ka kore ia e karanga : He began, or will begin not to call. 

2. Imperfect ; past, present, or future. 

E karanga ana ia : He was, is, or will be calling. 
Kahore ia e karanga ana : He was not, is not, or will not be 

3. Perfect ; past, present or future. 

Kua karanga ia : He had, has, or will have called. 
Kahore ia kia kai'anga : He had not, has not, or will not have 

4. Indefinite ; past. 

I karanga ia : He called. 

Kihai ia i karanga : He did not call. 

5. Indefinite ; future. 

E karanga ia, or Tera ia e karanga : He will call. 

E kore ia e karanga, or Tera ia e kore e karanga : He will not call. 

6. Narrative form. 

Karanga ana ia : He called. 

ii. Imperative. 
Karanga ! Call / 
Kaua e karanga ! Do not call ! 

iii. Optative. 

1. With Kia; that. 

Kia karanga ia : That he should call. 

Kia kaua ia e karanga : That he should not call. 

2. With Kei ; lest. 

Kei karanga ia : Lest he should call. 

Kei kore ia e karanga : Lest he should not call. 


iv. Subjunctive. 

1. Imperfect. 

Me o kavanga ana ia ; If he were calling. 

Me kahore ia e karauga ana ; If he were tiot calling. 

2. Perfect. 

Me i karanga ia ; If he had called. 

Me i kahore ia i karanga; If he had iiot called. 

3. Future (contingent). 

Ki te karanga ia ; If he should call. 

Ki te kore ia e karanga, If he should not call. 

V. Infinitive. 
Karanga preceded by an article or definitive pronoun, thus : He 
karanga ; te karanga ; tana karanga, &c. 



a. .. 
V. . , 
int. . 











— $- — 

I. K,i\. coUar-hone. Usually joined 
with kaki thus : Te a o toku 

II. A, V. t. drive; urge; compel. Ka 
aia te waka e te ia. — Ka rumaki 
tonu te pane ki te hoe, i te 
ainga hoki a te wehi. (144) 

III. A, plural of the definitive par- 
ticle ta. 

IV. A, a prefix to proper names and 
personal pronouns, and occa- 
sionally to common nouns: 1 
to names of persons, proper 
names of canoes, ifec, and per- 
sonal pronouns (except ahau), 
a when standing as subject in 
a sentence. Kei te ngaki ku- 
mara a Te Kehu. (85) /3 when 
following any of the prepositions 
hei, kei, ki, i. Ka korero atu a 
Kupe ki a Turi. (no) Kua 
timata mai ano i mua atu, i a 
WHakatauihu, i a Tawhaki, i a 
Tuhuruhuru. (63) y in expla- 
natory clauses. Kua tupu tana 
tamaiti, a Rata. (54) 2 to 
names of places and local nouns, 
when standing as subject in a 
sentence. Ka taunahatia e 
Naki a Motiti. (75) 3 occa- 
sionally to common nouns in 
explanatory clauses. Roko- 
hanga atu e takoto ana te kai 
nei, a te kukupa. (146) 

V. A, conj. 1 as far as. Ka rere 
mai a te Arawa, a waho i te 
moana. (71) 2 until. Takoto 

nei, a ao noa te ra. (90) 3 
and ; and then ; connecting suc- 
cessive actions or events. Hoe 
ana mai, a ka u ki Mokau. (123) 
4 well then, in rejoinders. A, 
tena, kei whea au tuaahu? (122) 

VI. A, prep. 1 of; belonging to ; used 
in speaking of actions of any 
kind, food, children, slaves, &c. ; 
but not in speaking of the pai'ts 
of a whole, names, qualities, 
houses, lands, water for drink- 
ing, clothes, &c. NGa tama a 
Rangitihi. — NGa kupu poropo- 
roaki a Hou. (82) Te umu a 
Kuiwai. (83) 2 at; at the time 
of ; of future time. A whea 
ano ra ka po? (167) 3 after 
the manner of. He mea mohio 
a ngakau tangata. (84) Heoi, 
ka noho a pahi te rau ma whitu 
nei i reira. (154) 

Aata, n. altar. 

I. Ae, a. calm. Takoto noa tera 
te moana, he ae noa iho. 

II. Ae, ad. 1 in answer to an affirm- 
ative question, yes. Ka mea 
atu te matua ki a ia, " Ae, e pai 
ana." (25) 2 in answer to a 
negative question it affirms the 
negative and must be rendered 
by 710. " Kahore i homai he 
kaimau?" "Ae." 

ae, V. i. consent. Ae ana mai ona 
whanaunga kia patua te ra. (25) 

whakaae, v. i. say yes ; consent. 
Ka whakaae to raua whaea. (46) 




Aeaea, a. jmnfuKj. 

whakaaeaea, 1 v. i. jxmt for 
breath. Ka kake i te pikitanga, 
ka whakaaeaea. 2 v. t. utter 
discuvMectedli/,{i,H though in want 
of breath. Kaua e whakaaeaeatia 
to korero, engari honoa tonutia. 

Aeha, int. denoting contempt. 

Aha, pron. 1 '?<:hat? of things only. 
He alia te korero? (90) Used in 
asking a person's second name, 
as, Hone aha 1 2 0/ ivhnt so7-t, 
&c. 3 whatever. Te ai he aha hei 
whakaohoolio mai. There is 
noth Ing whatever to disturb (117) 

aha, V. i. or t. do tdiat ; do lohat 
to. E aha ana koe i kona ? What 
ara you doing titer e? I aliatia e 
I'atou tana tamaiti ? WJiat did 
they do to his child? 

ahatanga, n. doiny whoi. He 
ahatanga 1 or Ko tena te aha- 
tanga i What of that ? 

Ahakoa, conj. 1 aWunigli. Alia- 
koa kei te whenua tawhiti e noho 
ana, ka taea ano i reira. 2 never- 
theless. 3 repeated, ichMher...or. 
Ko te taua haere atu i raro nei, 
kei Muriwhenua ka mate; aha- 
koa taua, ahakoa tira haere noa, 
e kore e ora. (175) Sometimes 
written as two words with he, 
thus, he aha koa, but this is 
often only an intensified form 
of lie aha. He aha koa u ana 
te waiho ai hei hoa aroha mo 
tatou ? (12) 

Ahaku, pi. of tahaku; my. 

Ahau, pron. /, often shortened to 
au. Te wai i kite ai au. (no) 
After the prepositions a, o, ma, 
mo, na, no, ta, to, it is changed 
to ku, thus: aku, maku, &c. 
Ahau does not take the prefix 
a, but au does. See awau and 

Ahea, adv. interrogative, of future 
time, ichen. Ahea koe haere ai ? 
See Hea. 

Ahei, V. i. 1 be able. E kore au e 
ahei te ki atu. 2 be possible; he 
tvitliin one's poiver. Kaore e 
ahei i a ia te haere. 

Aheiha, ad. truly. A form of 

Ahere, n. snare for birds. 

Ahi, n.^';v. Tenei to ahi. (24) 
ahiahl, n. evening. Kia ahiahi ka 
hoki mai ki roto ki tona whare. 

Ahiki, V. i. )}iake haste. Ahiki mai. 

Ahi"wahiwa, v. t. cut, gash. 

Aho, n. 1 string; line. Ka maro 

a raua aho. (25) 2 woof; cross 

threads of a meet. 
Aho, n. radiant light, as opposed 

to diffused light. Comp. mata- 

aho, tiaho, &c. 
Ahoroa, n. moon. 
Ahotu, n. tJie moon on the seventh 

day ; the same as Tamatea-tu- 


I. Ahu, n. lieap. 

ahu, V. t. tend ; foster. Na Tupa- 
rimaewaewa nana i ahu mai, ka 
kiia he tangata. (17) Ahu- 
■whenua, cultivate the soil. 

ahuahu, a. large. Ka ahuahu te 
tupu o to hoilio. 

ahuahu, v. t. 1 heap up ; 2 earth 
up ; cover with a heap of earth, 
as potatoes, &c. 3 foster ; tend. 
Ahuahungia mai e Rongotaka- 
wiu, ka tupu ko WHakatau. (57) 

whakaahu, a v. t. heap up; lay in 
a heap. WHakaahua koe ki te 
ahi rarauhe. (5) WHakaahutia 
he aruhe ki runga ahi. (i v. i. 
1 sivell up. Ka whakaahu toku 
pixku. 2 he displeased. WHaka- 
ahu ana au i te pukapuka a 



Henare : ko t;ikii wliakaaliu 
tenei, te liaere ia ki WHareka- 
liika kati niai ai. 3 xhew con- 
tempt. Katalii te taiigata wlia- 
kaaliu ki aku kai. 
II. Ahu, \ . i. more, in a certnin di- 
rection. E ahu mai ana te waka. 

I. AhQa, or ahuatanga, n. 1/orm; 
apjie(ir((nce. Ae, me koe na ano 
te aliua (62) 2 likene!<s. Ka 
wliakaaliuatia lioki aliau ki to 
te manu ahuatanga. (18) 3 
rliaracter. He tangata ahua pai. 

ahuahua, v. i. resemhle. Ahua- 
hua ana te kanohi o te tamaiti 
nei ki tona. pa^Da. 

ahuatia, v. pass, be matured ; he 
('oin])]eted. Kahore ano kia ahua- 
tia te haora mo te kai. 

"whakaahua, a y .t. form; fashion. 
f3 V. i. acquire form. E whaka- 
ahua ana te tamaiti. 

whaka-whai-ahua, v. t. impart 
form to : fashion. 

II. Ahua, V. i. he preijnant. E ahua 
ana te wahine. 

III. Ahua, V. i., hasten. E ahua 
mai koutou. 

Ahua, ad. truly ; a form of assent. 

Ahuareka, a. 1 pleasant ; agree- 
able; eiitertaining . 2 j)leased. 
E kore ahau e ahuareka V\ tena 

Ahukahuka, v. i. resemble ; coin- 
cide nearly. Kihai i ahukahuka 
mai tau korero i runga i taku. 

Ahunui, a. industrious. 

Ahurewa, n. sacred place for the 
performance of mystic ceremo- 
nies ; the same as tuaahu. 

Ahurii, a. warm; comfortcd)le. He 

whare ahuru. 
whakaahuru, v. t. warm; nestle; 

cherish. E whakaahuru ana te 

manu i ana pi. 

I. Ai, :i(l. not generally to ])e tran.s- 
latecl by any ecjuivalent English 
word, but used in the following 
cases : 1 In relative clauses, 
where the relative in English is 
governed by a verb or 2)roposi- 
tiou. Kei kona nga taiignta i 
kite ai au. Tliere are the men 
whom I saw. (116) Ka kitea he 
tikaTiga mana e mate ai tenei 
taniwha. He discovered a plan 
by ic/iich this tanitvlia inir/ht be 
killed, (no) Occasionally with 
passive verbs when the relative 
is the subject of the verb. Ka 
kitea te walii i kiminia mai ai e 
ratou. 77ie place was found 
u:hich wa,s sought for by them,. 
(121) 2 In clauses expressing 
the reason for which anything 
is done, or the object in view in 
doing it. He aha koe i whaka- 
orangia ai 1 Why were you saved 
alive? (46) Koia i tapaa ai toku 
ingoa e te iwi nei, ko Tatau. 
Tltat is icliy this jieopAe gave me 
the name of Tatau. (46) I tapaa 
ai tena matenga ko Maikukutea, 
no te mea ko nga maikuku kau 
i kitea. The place of this slaugh- 
ter was called Maikukutea be- 
cause there was notJiing found 
but the finger-nails. (93) He 
nuka na Kupe kia riro mai ai a 
Kuramarotini mana. It was an 
artifice of K^ipe^s in order that he 
might obtain Kuramarotini for 
himself. (109) Mo wai to wai, 
i haere iho ai koe i te po? For 
whom is your water that you 
come down to fetch it by night .? 
(96) Te tangata nana nei ahau 
i maminga i haere mai ai ahau. 
The man who deceived me so that 
I came. 3 In clauses marking 
the time or place of an action or 




event. Nonawhea koutou nei i 
u mai ai ? When was it that you 
arrived? (122) Kei te wai heru 
ano ka patu ai, katalii ka mate. 
It is at the pool where he dresses 
his hair that you should strike 
him ; then he will die. (54) 4 
With a verb or adjective denot- 
ing an action or state consequent 
upon some previous action. Toia 
ake ki uta takoto ai i te po. It 
was drawn up on shore at night, 
to lie there. (76) 5 Denoting 
present condition or habitual 
action. Noho noa ai nga tangata 
o tera motu; kaore e malii kai. 
The men of that island live at 
ease; they do not cultivate food. 

6 With reference to something 
previously mentioned, as afore- 
said; as already stated. I a ia ai 
i roto i te whare o ona tuakana. 
When he was, as already stated, 
in the house of his elder brothers. 
(17) Po iho ai, ka whiti mai a 
Hinemoa ki Mokoia. When the 
night came, as aforesaid, Hine- 
moa crossed over to Mokoia. (135) 

7 In the phrase, Ko wai i hua 
ai ? or Ko wai i tohu ai 1 Who 
would have thought ? 

II. Ai, V. substantive. Te ai he aha 
hei wliakaohooho mai. There was 
nothing to disturb them. (117) 
E ai ki tana, or E ai tana. It is 
according to his \saying'\, i.e. He 
says. Me e ai ana he toki maku. 
If there were an axe for ine ; for 
If I had an axe. The following is 
an irregular use : Me he ai waka, 
kua whiti atu ahau. //' there 
were a canoe, I would cross over. 

III. Ai, V. t. 1 lie with a female. 2 
procreate; beget. 

aitanga, n. progeny ; descendants. 
Te aitanga a Tiki. The descend- 
ants of l\ki, a tribe. (145) 

IV. Ai, int. expressing surprise. 
Ai ! taukiri e ! (63) 

Aianei, ad. now ; to-day ; presently. 
Waihoki ko tenei, e aku tua- 
kana, ka taea hoki e au tenei, 
ka taea hoki e au tera atu aia- 
nei. (19) 

Ainga, n. derived from verb a. 

AiKiHA, n. handkerchief. 

Aio, a. 1 calm. Kia aio te moana, 
ka hoe. 2 at peace. He wlienua 

aio, n. the moon on the eighth day ; 
the same as Tamatea-tu-toru. 

Aitii, n. sickness. 

Aitua, 2b. \ of ill omen ; unlucky. 
He aitua, ina mahue te whare. 
2 unfortunate ; in trouble. Na 
koutou hoki tatou i aitua ai. 

aitua, n. misfortune; trouble. 

Aka, n. 1 long and thin roots of 
trees or plants. 2 metrosideros 
scandens, a climbing plant. 3 
stem of any climbing ^:)?aw</ 
lience occurring in the names of 
many climbers, as aka-kiore, 
Parsonsia rosea ; aka-kongohe ; 
aka-kuku ; aka-kura, metroside- 
ros forida; aka-pohue ; aka-ta- 
whiwhi, 7net'rosideros forida ; 
aka-tea, metrosideros albifiora ; 
aka-totara, &c. 

akaaka, n. fibrous root. 

akaaka, a. having fibrous roots. 

Akarewa, n. a variety of taro, 
purplish in colour. 

Akau, n. sea-shore; coast; especi- 
ally rocky coast. Noho ana i te 
akau o te moana. (96) 

I. Ake, n. dodonea viscosa, a tree; 

called also ake-rautangi. Ake- 

piro ; olearia furfuracea, a 

akeake, n. 1 dodonea viscosa. 2 

olearia Traversii. 



II. Ake, ad. 1 onwards, in time. 
Mea ake, or iiiea kau ake, in a 
very little tvhile; immediately. 
No reira tana mohiotanga, niea 
ake ia whakaxnatea hei utu mo 
taua taniaiti. (io8) Taro ake, 
in a little while. Ake, ake, ake, 
for ever. 2 forming a compara- 
tive, with nouns of position. No 
mua ake, just before; ki runga 
ake, higher up. 3 down below; 
in a low situation ; with refer- 
ence to a person or thing in a 
higher one. E koutou e haka 
ake nei, whakarongo ake koutou 
katoa (65) 4 from below; up- 
wards. Te puna e hu ake ra i 
raro i te whenua. (154) 5 im- 
plying direction to some place 
connected with the speaker, but 
not where he is at the time of 
speaking. Haere ake koe ki 
toku whare. 6 intensifying 
personal or possessive pronouns, 
self, E wawata puku ana tetehi, 
me tetehi, ki a raua ake. (131) 
own. Tona ake kakahu. 7 same. 
Taua ra ake, that same day. 
Akengok^ngo, ad. to^norrow. 

Aki, a V. t. dash. Hohoro kau ana 
te tangata ki te aki i te patu ki 
nga kauae o te ika ra. (155) /3 
V. i. dash. Ko te tai anake e aki 
ana. (93) 

akiaki, v. t. ^lrge on. E akiakina 
ana matou e Turiri kia haere ki 
te whawhai. 

Akiko, ad. at a distance from home. 
E noho akiko ana taua tangata. 

Akiraho, n. olearia Forsteri, a 

Akiri, v. t. throtv atvay ; reject. 

Akiritia nga otaota ki waho. 
Akito, V. i. 1 be slow. 2 trail, as 

a garment. Compare akuto and 


I. Ak5, V. t. 1 learn. I akona e koe 
kia wai 1 2 teach. Penei ka 
rongo mai koe ki taku ako atu 
ka ora koe. (25) 

akonga, n. learner, disciple. 
akoranga, n. 1 circumstance, time, 

place, &c., of learning. 2 thing 

taught or learnt. 
-whakaako, v. t. teach. Na te 

atua ano ia i whakaako, i mohio 

ai. (8) 

II. Ako, or akoako, v. i. split; 
have a tendency to split. E kore 
tenei rakau e akoako. 

Akoro, n. the moon on the fifth 
day ; also called Koro and 

Akii, 1 personal pronoun 1st per- 
son singular, with the preposi- 
tion a, of me. 2 plural of the 
definitive pronoun taku, my. 

Akii, or akuaku, a v. i. delay ; 
take time over anything, (i v. t. 
clear the stones otit of, prepara- 
tory to heating. Akuakuna te 

akuaku, a,, firm; stro7ig. Kahore 
ano kia akuaku nga iwi o tana 

Akuanei, ad. of time future, pre- 
sently; to-day. 

Akuhata, n. August, one of the 

Akuto, a. 1 late. He tau akuto, 
A year in which the crops are 
late. 2 slow. He ope akuto, e 
kore e hohoro te ara. Compare 
akito and auto. 

Ama, n. 1 outrigger on the wind- 
ward side of a canoe. Hei roto 
koe, hei te ama to taua waka. 
(26) 2 thwart of a canoe. 

Amai, n. swell on the sea. 
amai, a. giddy, dizzy. E amai ana 
tona matenga. 



AmaiS,, n. halo. 

Amaru, n. metrosideros species, a 

Amene, v. t. desire. Kei te amene 
te ngakau ki te kino. 

Ami, V. t. heaj) up. 

Amiki, v. t. 1 gather up without 
omitting any; make a cleansweep. 
Kua amikia katoatia nga kai. 
2 tell a story witliout omitting 
any particular. Kaua e amikitia 
te korero. 

Amiku, V. t. for amiki. 

Amiomiio, v. i. 1 turn round a^id 
round. 2 be giddy. 

Am.6, V. t. 1 carry on the shoulder. 
E kite koe i te rakau roa, tura- 
kina, ka amo niai. (46) 2 carry 
on a litter. 3 rush upion; charge. 
Amohia ! 

amo, n. litter, bier. 

Amokura, n. a bird. 

Amu, or amuamu, v. i. grumble. 
He aha tau e amuamu? Pass., 
amuamutia, be grumbled at. 

Amua, n. the time to come. Hei 

amua, or mo amua, hereafter. 

Hei amua ahau ka haere ai. 
Am.uri, n. the time to come. Wai- 

ho mo amuri. Amuri ake nei, 


I. Ana, n. cave. Te ana kowhatu 
o te waliine ra. (95) 

II. Ana, one of the verbal particles 
always placed after the verb or 
adjective. 1 When e precedes 
the verb, it denotes a temporary 
condition, an action in progress, 
or an action intended to be per- 
formed immediately. Kei runga 
kei te whare e iri ana tou taina, 
e ngaua ana e te paoa ahi. (64) 
E whakarongo ana raua ki te 

- putanga mai o te hau. (93) E 

haere ana ahau ki Tauranga. 2 
Witliout e it is used in animated 
narration of a I'apid succession 
of actions. Ae ana mai, haere 
ana : noho ana ia, tunu manu 
ana mana. (95) 3 Placed after 
a noun to denote the point to 
which anything reaches. Ko Te 
Kahureremoa atu ano i waho 
nei, a, roto atu ana. (144) 

III. Ana, a ad. there. Ana, kei 
Motutapu. (33) (3 conj. when, 
in future time only. Ana tae 
koe ki te kainga. y int. calling 
immediate attention. Ana ! me 
te poko ! (13) 

An§,, a pron. 3rd person singular 
with preposition a, of him; of 
her. (3 plural of definitive pron. 
tana, y for ena, pi. of tena. 
8 contracted from ae-na, yes. 
Ana koia ; yes certainly. 

Anahe, ad. only. See anake. 

Anahera, n. angel. 

Anake, ad. 1 only ; none but ; 
nothing but. Ko te tai anake e 
aki ana. (93) 2 without excep- 
tion. He pai anake enei rakau. 

AnSmata,, ad. Hereafter. 

Anana, int. expressing admiration. 
Ananga, n. the moon on the sixth 

day : the same as Tamatea-tu- 

Anaoa, ad. certainly; a form of 

Anea, a. Anea kau ana te whe- 

Aneane, a. sharp. Aneane tonu 

te mata o te rakau. 

Anehii, a. misty. He rangi anehu. 
Anei, for enei, pi. of tenei. 
Anei, ad. here ; like tenei. 
Anene, v. i. breathe gently. I ata 

anene te haere mai o te hau ra ; 

— anenenene, a ka rahi haere. 


Angwa, a. rveak, Iixde.'<K. Kahore 
he iwi i te ngaunga a te I'a; ane- 
wa noa ai. 
whakaane-wanewa.v.i. net dow- 
ly (tnd ,I<'lihe.r<(t('Iy, " AVHaka- 
anewanewa marire," e ki ana a 
Anini, a. giddy ; aching (of the 
head only). E anini ana toku 
Aniwaniwa, n. rainhotv. 
aniwaniAva, a. black, like clouds 
in stormy weather, or like deep 
water. E whakaaniwaniwa mai 
ra te rangi. 
Ano, ad. 1 lip to the time spoken 
of; still; yet. E tupu mai nei 
ano. (loo) Kahore ano; not 
yet. 2 again. Maranga atu tohe 
mai ano. (loo) Korerotia ano, 
kia rongo ai ahau. 3 a/so; too. 
Oftini in conjunction with hoki. 
Ka tahuna te whare ki te ahi, 
me nga tangata ano i roto. (46) 
4 quite; just; exactly. Ae ; me 
koe na ano te ahua (62) Katahi 
ano; nowjor the first time. With 
personal pi'onouns,se(/! Nau ano 
i kawe mai i a koe ? (60) With 
demonstratives, same. Ka wha- 
katika mai o Taupo tira, ko te 
ara e haere mai ai, ko taua 
hiiarahi ano. (149) 5 indeed, in 
affirmations. E tika ana ano. — 
Kahore he waka mou? He waka 
ano. 6 denoting admii^ation, 
and sometimes used interjection- 
ally. Ano, me he pukepuke 
whenua. (150) Koia ano! 7 as; 
as though; as it were. Ano ko 
Kopu ka puta ake i te pae nga 
karu o te maipi a te tangata ra. 
(99) 8 a7id when, for a no. 

Anil, n. cold. Ka hauhau koe i te 
anu o waho. (66) 


anuanu, a. ofieuslve. E pa, neke 

atu; anuanu tahi tou. 
Antthe, n. a large catei-pillar, the 

same as hotete. 
Anuhea, a. I is/ 1 ess; weak. 
Anga, n. derivative from il. a. 

Anga, V. i. 1 look or move in a 
certain direction. Katahi ano 
ka anga mai te tangata nei ki a 
au. 2 begin to do anything. 
Katahi ka anga ki te tui i a 
ratou ika. 

anga, n. 1 aspect. He anga ora 
tenei, e kore e roa ka tupu te 
kai. 2 cockle shell. 3 stone of 

anganga, n. aspect. He anganga 
ra, a sunny aspect. 

angaanga, n. head. Ka taha te 
patu i tona angaanga. (91) Te 
papa o te angaanga, the skull. 

whakaanga, v. t. cause to turn 
in a certain direction. 

■whakaanga, n. ca^ioe witli figure- 
hpad looking backwards. 

■whakaangaanga, v. i. debate 
with oneselj. Te v.ahi i wha- 
kaangaanga ra tatou hei reira o 
tatou hoiho. 

Anganui, v. i. look directly to- 
wards; be 7'iglit opposite. Kia 
anganui mai to korero ; speak 
directly to me. 

Angangamate, n. back of the 
hand. Pii'i ana i tua o te anga- 
ngamate o te kapu o te ringa. 

Angarite, n. a bivalve mollusk; 

the same as kokota. 
Angengi, n. a lish. 

Angi, n. 1 light air. 2 fragrant 

■whakaangi, a v. t. 1 fy, as a kite 
etc. Ko tana mahi he whakaangi 
manu. (57) 2 ajyproacli stealthi- 


ly. WHakaangia tonutia mai i 
muri, na kua mau. (i v. i. keep 
constantly on the move. Whaka- 
angi tonu te haere o te tangata 
ra, kaliore e tau ki raro. 


angiangi, a. 1 thin. He papa 
angiangi. 2 ti,7iencnmbered. E 
whakaaro ana kia iti te kai, kia 
angiangi ai te poho o te tangata. 

angiangi, n. coprosma Bauei'iana; 
a shrub. 

Angina, v. i. he blown away by 
the wind. E haere koutou ki 
uta, kei mau ki Tai-ki-tu, ka 
puhia, he angina. (82) 

Angitua, a. unsuccessfnl. 

Angoa, a. lean, wasted away. Ka 
angoa nga kiko, ko te anga anake 
tenei e tu nei. 

I. Ao, n. 1 daytime, as opposed to 
night. Ka wehea te po, ka wehea 
te ao. (93) 2 world. Na Papa- 
tuanuku i whakatupu ake ana 
purapura, hei oranga mo ana uri 
i tenei ao tu roa. (14) 3 cloud; 
ao rere, sciid. 

ao, V. i. become light. Ao kau a no 
te ata. (66) I te aonga ake, or 
simply, Ao ake, (100) on the 
following day. 

II. Ao, V. t. take up by handfuls. 
Ao^iia nga paru ki te kete. Ao 
tax'o; prepare beds 0/ gravel for 
taro. Kei te ao taro a Hori ma. 

in. Ao, v.i. he right; be fitting. E 
ao koa hoki ianei te mea i rite 
ki te ika, ta te mea no te wai 
ano tenei. (155) 

Aohanga, n. 1 a striped variety 
of X.Z.fiax. 2 derivative from 
II. ao. 

Aonga, n. See under i. ao. 

Aorere, n. a kind of gai'ment. 


Aorere, n. orderly ; messenger. 

Apa, n. 1 comj)any of workmen. 
He apa matou no Hongi. Used 
also of persons under the in- 
fluence of a familiar spirit. No 
te apa a Paraharaha a Hare. 2 
fold of a garment, apa-rua, of 
two folds or thicknesses; double. 

Apaha, conj. if the case were that. 

Apanoa, ad. until. Apanoa, a kia 
motu ano toku kaki i runga i 
toku pihi. 

ApS,kura, n. dirge; lame^it. 

Aparangi, n. company of distin- 
guished visitors. Tuku tonu ma 
te aparangi, kia ora te noho, te 
matakitaki mai. (148) He tira 

ApiLtari, v. t. carry ; bring. Nau 
hoki i apatari mai te taonga ki 
tenei wahi. 

Aperira, n. the month of April. 

Apiapi, a. close together; crowded. 
Apiapi tonu te noho o te tangata. 
Apiiia, n. officer. 

Apiti, V. t. 1 p>ut together; place 
side by side. Apitia nga kete 
kia kotahi te kauika. 2 supple- 
ment anything deficient. He 
apiti nga riwai mo te poaka. 

apiti, n. 1 small bone of the arm; 
radius. 2 cleft; narroiv ^^rtss. 
3 curse. 

apiti, a. confined. He whare apitr; 
a steep-roofed house. 

I. Apo, V. t. 1 gather together. 
Apoliia nga otaota nei. 2 grasp>; 

apoapo, V. t. 1 roll together ; en- 
tangle. He mea apoapo e te 
rimu, takai atu, takai mai. (11) 
2 ptbt into a heap. 

II. Apo, n. dregs of shark oil. 

Apopo, n. to-morrow. Mo apopo 
taua riri ai. (92) 



Aporo, II. diijili'. 
Apotoro, n. apoiit/e. 

Apu, n. !«pi.a.lJ. K;it:ilii k;i tono;i 
ko te Apu liaii, ko to Apu mata- 
iigi- (4) 

Apu, 1 y. i. forci', oue^s ivay into 
the (/round; hnrroiv. Ko te 
waka, e apu ana, e keri ana. 2 
V. t. cram itito the mouth ; gorge, 
glut. I apua te kai i liolioro ai 
te pau. — He parera apu paru. 

apu, n. comprmy of laborers. E 
inalii inai ra te apu. 

apuapu, a. 1 crammed; stuffed. 
Ka apuapu te walia i te kai. 2 
palatahJe. Apuajju marire te 
reka o te wai nei. 

Apure, n. patch; circumscribed 

a rea. 
apure, a. in patches; in small 


Apiiru, V. t. 1 crowd one upo7i 
another. Kia takitalii, kaua e 
apurua mai. 2 sh ut up ; suppress. 
Kei kiia, i apurutia ki roto ki 
tona waha ana korero. 

Apiita, a. at intertyds; found only 
here and there. Eliara i te he 
aputa te lie nei, engari he katoa. 
— Kei te parae e aputaputa ana 
te tapoto. 

I. Ara, n. 1 laay ; path. I ma hea 
mai koia to koutou na ara i 
haere mai ai? (149) 2 meaiis of 
conveyance. Katahi ia ka haere 
ki te tiki ara mona i tona hunga- 
wai, homai ana ko Aotea hei 
waka mona. (108) 

II. Ara, V. i. rise ; rise up ; wake 
uj). Kua ara to tamaiti. 

araara, v. i. be talked aboiU; be 
rumoured. Ingoa araara tonu ; 
a, na te mea ka pono ano. 

whakaara, v. t. 1 rouse. Tikina 

a TutiUiekai, wliakaarahia mai. 

( 1 34) 2 erect ; rai.^e u/j). 
"whakaara, n. ho.s-tile jmrty ; ma- 

r<tudi)i</ baud. 
whakaaraara, n. chaunt to keep 

the watch awake in time of war. 
III. Ara, int. expressing,' surprise. 

Ka heua ake, ara ! he tan^ata ! 


I. Ara, ad. namely : in otJier rvoi-ds; 

that is to say. E ki ana ahau ki 
te rangatira o tenei kainga, ara, 
ki a Tuma. 

II. Ara, for a ra, and then. Ara 
ko taua mokai. (96) 

III. ArS,, for era, plural of tera. 
Araara, n. trevally or caranx 

georgianus, a fish. 

Araarai. See arai. 

Arahi, v. t. lead; conduct. He 
aha te utu mo te arahanga i a 
koutou ? 

ArS,i, V. t. 1 screen. 2 keep off; 

rrard off. 3 block up. Ai-aia te 

kuwaha kei puta te kuri ki 

araarai, frequentative, screen on 

every side. 
arai, n. screen; veil; curtain; 


Aranga, v. i. 1 rise to the surface ; 
ajpp>ear. Ka aranga te taniwha. 
2 become famous. Ka aranga i 
kona te rakau a Manaia. (123) 

whakaaranga, v. i. ap)p>ear in a 
vision, or in secorid sight. Ka 
liara te tangata, ka whakaaranga 
mai te atua. 

Arangi, a. urisettled. Kei arangi 
tonu te tinana, arangi hoki nga 

Arataki, v. t. lead; conduct. Ka 
aratakina ano e taua miromiro. 





ArS,u, V. t. ydtlier ; lay hold of; 

entangle. Na te peka o te tutu 

i arau i inakere ai toku potae. 
arau, a. entanyled. Ka hutia ake 

e Irawaru tana aho, akuanei ka 

arau ki ta Maui. (25) 

Ara"whata, n. ladder; bridye. 

Are, int. tvhatl Are ! ka tohe koe 
ki a au ? 


areare, a. 1 overhanyiny ; irromin- 
ent. A.reare ana tera te ihu te 
tangata nei ! 2 excavated ; cavern- 
ous. Ka areare te parenga o te 

arearenga, n. concavity; holloiv. 
Katalii ano ka kitea te tini ta- 
ngata e liuna nei ki roto i te are- 
arenga o nga poho o Rangi raua 
ko Papa. (4) 

Arero, n. 1 tonyue. Ka naomia 
atu te tangata ra, ka tapahia te 
arero, ka motu. (42) 2 ui^per 
2)oint of a taiaha, carved in im- 
itation of a human tongue. 

I. Ari, n. tlie moon on the 11th day. 

II. Ari. 

"whakaari, v. t. liold nj) to view. 
Tena whakaaria mai, kia kite au. 

Aria, v. i. be seen indistinctly ; ap- 
jyear. I aria ake i oku kauohi 
ko Hemi e haere ana. 

aria, n. 1 likeness; resemblance. 
2 imayinary presence connected 
with anytliing whicli one may 
have touclied &c. and which 
therefore might serve as a me- 
dium to convey the effect of a 
charm to the person for whom 
it was intended. 

S,riaria, v. i. resemble. Ka ariaria 
tenei tangata ki a Witiwiti. 

Ariki, n. 1 firstborn male or fe- 
male in a family of note, hence, 
chief; priest. 2 leader. Ki te 

mau te ariki ka mau katoa te 

rere kakara. 
■whakaariki, n. invadiny army. 
Arikiwi, n. a garment covered 

with feathers of the kiwi or 


Arita, a. 1 burning tvith desire; 
eayer. I titiro atu au, e arita 
tonu ana ki te liaere. 2 irascible; 
easily offended. Katahi ano te 
tangata aritarita ko koe. 

Aro, V. i. 1 face; turn towards. 
WHai tonu atu i muri o te aro- 
nga kaunga atu o te kuri ra. 
(121) 2 have a certain direction. 
I aro mai i waho ra te waha o te 
tangata e karanga nei. 3 be in- 
clined: he disposed. Ko wai i 
tohu ai, e aro ki te patu i a au ? 
4 attend to ; favour. Korero noa 
atu, e kore ia e aro mai ki a au. 

aro, n. inclination. Kei a Te Ka- 
ranga ia te aro i mau ai. 

aroaro, n. face; front. Tahuri 
mai tou aroaro. 

■whakaaro, v. t. think on; con- 

whakaaro, n. thonyht; intention; 
ojiinion. Ka tupu te whakaaro 
i a Tawhirimatea kia tahuri mai 
ia ki te whawhai ki ona tuakana. 

•whakaaro-mahana, v. t. come to 

assistance of E haere mai ana 
ki te whakaaromaliana i a tatou. 
■whakaaro-rangi, v. t. tJdnk on 
daily; enfertain affection for. 
Kua whakaarorangi noa ake te 
ngakau ki a Te Ponga. (167) 

Aroa, V. i. be comprehended ; be 
laid hold of by the under stand- 
iny. Te aroa ake i a au ; I do 
not %ijnderstand it. 

aro§,roa, a. 1 lonely. Te aroaroa 
i a au i te kore tangata. 2 sor 


ron-fnl : /(nu/iuij for absent 

ArSakapS,, n. row; rank; Jront 
rank. E kore ia e pai kia rere 
kau ki niua o te aroakapa o te 
haka. (167) 

Aroarotea, n. tchite-breasted shay : 
a bird. 

Aroaro-whaki, v. i. 1 flap the 
i(-in(/s. E aroarowhaki ana te 
parera. 2 move the hands to and 
fro with the arms extended ; a 
sign of grief, &c. 

Aroha, n. 1 love for an absent 
relative or friend. A, ka ngaro 
atu ia ka noho a Tawhaki, ka 
ngau kino te aroha i a ia ki tana 
wahine raua ko tana kotiro. (48) 
2 2)'i'ty •' coiyijKission. Ka oho ake 
te aroha o NGatoro ki te waha 
o te tangata o te wahine, o te 
tamariki, e aue ana, e tangi ana. 

(72) . ^ 

aroha, v. i. feel love or 2^'>'ty- -rass. 

arohaina, he the object of love kc. 
Arohata, n. ladder; bridge; for 

Arohi, V. t. 1 reconnoitre ; examine. 

Kei te arohi i te pa kia kitea te 

wahi ngawari hei whakaekenga 

atu. 2 look for. I hea koe e 

arohi kai ana mau 1 
arohirohi, v. i. turn round and 

Aronui, v. i. he right opposite. 
aronui, n. a finely woven mat with 

a deep ornamental border. 
Aropiri, v. i, cling; he attached. 

Kai whea te tau i aropiri ra? 
Arotahi, v. i. look in one direction. 

E arotahi ana te whakaaro o te 

Aru, V. t. follow; p^trsrie. Pass. 

arumia. Arumia te tahae. 

He ngutu atamai ano to te 

tamaiti nei. 

1 1 Atamira 

Sometimes used intransitively. 

E aru ana au i muri i o raua 

waewae ko Paratene. 
aruaru, v. t. 1 chase. 2 woo. Kei 

te aruaru wahine mana. 3 iti- 

terrupt. Kia ata aruaru i te 

Ariihe, n. edible fern-root, being 

the root of pteris aquilina, var. 

esculenta. Rau aruhe ; fronds of 

pteris aquilina. 

I. Ata, int. expressive of disgust, 
hah ! Ata ! te piro ! 

II. Ata, n. 1 reflected image. 2 
shadow. Ehara au i te rangatira, 
engari he ata au no te tangata. 3 
early moriiing. Ata po ; before 
dawn. Ata hapara, or ata pongi- 
pongi ; the time of dawn. Ata 
tu ; just after sunrise. 4 Ata 
marama ; moonlight. 

ataata, n. a large kind of peri- 

whakaata, v. i. look at one's 
reflected image in water, or a 

•whakaata, n. mirror. 

III. Ata, a. true; only used as a 
form of assent. He ata, he ata. 

IV. Ata, ad. 1 gently. Kia ata 
haere. 2 deliberately, 3 quite. 
Kihai i ata maoa te kai. 

Ataahua, a. good; j)leasant; beau- 
tiful. Ka titiro atu te ruruhi ra 
ki te ataahua mai o te wahine 
raka. (164) 

Atae, a. hotv great. Atae te hoi 
o tenei taurekareka? (168) 

Atamai, a. knowing ; quick witted. 

atamai, v. i. behave contemptuous- 
ly. Ehara te mahi a te tangata 
ra ki te atamai ki a au. 

Atamira, n. 1 stage; platform. 
Ka piki raua ki to raua atamira. 
(130) 2 a low stage on which a 


dead person is laid out, one end 
being elevated for the head. 

whakaataiuira, v. t. lay out on 
an atamira. Ka hemo te tupa- 
paku ka whakaatamiratia. 

Atanga, a. beautiful. 

Atarangi, n. shadow. Kua roa ke 
te atarangi o te tangata. 

Atarau, n. moon. Ka titi te ata- 
rau, marama tonu. 

Atarua, a. dimsighted. 

Atatu. See under Ata. 

Ata"whS,i, v. i. shew kindness; be 
liberal. E atawhai ana a Te 
Porua ki a au. 

At§, n. 1 liver. 2 the seat of the 
affections ; heart. Tau o te ate ; 
an expression of endearment, 
used with reference to a child. 
Kai whea te tau o taku ate 1 — Te 
waha o te ate; the pit of the 
stomach. 3 totara ivood of dark 

ateate or ateatenga, n. 1 bosom. 
Ko Tumatauenga, i tu tonu i te 
ateatenga o tona whaea, o Papa- 
tuanuku. (6) 2 calf of the leg. 

Atea, a. 1 clear ; free from obstruc- 
tion. E atea ana te whare, 
kahore he tangata o roto. 2 orit 
of the way. Tarakea atu nga 
otaota kia atea. 

Atete, V. t. 1 ojypose; resist. Ki 
te atete i nga hoia liei noho mo 
runga i ou whenua. 2 treat 
roughly. Kaua e utuutua nga 
ki, e atetetia. 3 affront; insult. 
Ehara tenei i te atete i a koe. 

I. Ati, n. a word used only in tlie 
names of tribes or clans. Te 
Ati-awa ; Te Ati-hapai <fec. off- 
spring ; descendants. Compare 
aitanga under in. ai. ISTGati, 
probably a contraction from nga 
ati, as in Ngatimaru, etc. 

12 Atute 

II. Ati, conj. then. 

III. Ati. 

atiati, v. t. drive away. 
Atiti, V. i. wander. 

Atiu or atiutiu, v. i. ivander ; 

Ato, V. t. 1 thatch. Atohia te 
whare mo te manuhiri. 2 enclose 
in a fence, &c. Ka atohia te 
mara ki te kakaho kei taea e te 

Atii, ad. 1 in a direction away 
from the speaker ; away. E ta, 
kawea atu tetehi wai moku. 
(i68) 2 used with adjectives to 
form a comparative or superla- 
tive. Rahi atu tana i taku. — 
Nui atu; very great. 3 other. 
Tetahi atu. Another. — Era atu 
mea katoa. All other things. 

whakaatu, v. t. j)oint out; shew; 
testify. Ma wai e whakaatu mai 
te ara ? 

Atiia, n. 1 god, applied also to 
any object of superstitious re- 
gard. 2 the moon on the 15th 
day; in full, Atua-mate-o- 
hotu. 3 for atuapo, niggard. 

Atiia, ad. first. He aha koe te 
atua ai ki te whaereere, muri 
iho ka patu i nga punua ? 

Atuapo, n. niggard; churl. Ka 
kore e liomai e koe akuanei, 
lieoi ano he ki maku ki a koe, 
"Atuapo! Atuapo!" kia wha- 
kama ai koe. 

Atiihakona, n. a fish. 

Atiirere, n. a fish, highly prized. 
He mokopuna na Mahaki, na te 
tangata i wliai nei ki te aturere. 

Atiitahi, n. the star Canopus; 
also called autahi. 

Atiite, v. t. hustle; jostle. 




I. Au, n. 1 smoke. Ka puia oku 
kanohi i te au. 2 (jail. 3 cloud; 
mist; fog. 4 current. E kore 
6 puta te waka i te au. 5 
rwpid. Te au o Kura-te-au. (109) 
6 whirljwol. Ka kawhakina e 
te au kume, e te au rona, e 
te au hirere, liirere ki te po. 
(112) 7 Te au o te nioana; mid- 
ocean. (21) Q string ; cord. Tuia 
ki runga ki te au kotahi. 9 large 
mat 2>in, generally made of bone 
or ivory. 

auau, n. basket of seed potatoes. 
Kia rua auau, ka kapi te mara. 

auau, a. frequently repeated. He 
korero auau. As adverb, fre- 

auau, V. t. lift. Maku anake e 
auau te hanga taimaha na 1 

"whakaauau, v. t. smoke; roast 
slightly. He mea whakaauau 
noa te poaka, kaore i maoka. 

II. Au, pron. contracted from 
ahau, /. 

III. Au, a. 1 firm. Kia au te noho. 
2 sound (of sleep). Ko te po 
whakaau te moe. (46) 

IV. Au, v. i. bark. Ka kau te kuri 
ra, me te au haere. (121) 

V. Au, ad. certainly, a form of 

Au, 1 pron. 2nd person sing. 
combined with the prep, a, of 
thee. 2 plural of tau. 

I. Aua, n. a small fisli ; herring; 
agonostoma Forsteri. 

II. Aua, or auaake, ad. / knotv 
not. "Kei hea to koutou teina ?" 
"Aua, kahore matou i kite." (95) 
See also auara. 

III. Aua, ad. imperative, not. 
Aua koe e haere. 

IV. Aua, 2A. far advanced; Jar on; 
in point of distance. Generally 
with mai or atu. Kua aua mai 

koe ; yoth Juive come a long way. 
Kei aua noa atu nga tangata ; 
the men are a great distance qj^. 

Au^hi, n. smoke. 

Auaka, ad. do not; don't. 

Auar^, ad. after a negative ques- 
tion, certainly tliere is, &c. 
" Kaore he tangata o te tai 
hauauru e puta mai ana te 
ingoa ki konei?" "Auara, e puta 
mai ana ano, ko Marutuahu." 

Auau. See under i. au. 

Aue, int. cdas. 

aue, V. i. groa7i ; make lamenta- 
tion; cry. E aue mai nei te 
tamaiti i te mataku. 

Auha, V. i. leaj) out of the water. 
Ka aiiha te ika. 

AuhS,ha, v. t. seek after. Ka au- 
haha noa ia ki tetahi kai mana. 

Auhi, V. i. be hampered; be hin- 

Auhoki, n. eddy. 

AuinSke, ad. on the morrow. 

Aukaha, v. t. lash the raiiawa, or 
bidwark, to the body of a canoe. 
Na ka oti tona waka te aukaha, 
ka toia ki te wai. (120) 

aukaha, n. lashings which fasten 
the rauawa to the body of the 

Aukati, V. t. stop one's tvay ; pre- 
vent one from jMSsing. 

aukati, n. line which one may not 

Auki, a. old. See uki. 

Aumoe, a. at ease. Ka kanaenae 
nga kanohi, kahore i te aumoe. 

Auporo, V. t. cut shoi-t; stopj. Ko- 
tahi te tangata nana nei matou 
i auporo, ko Iharaira anake. 

Auraka, ad. not, imperative or 
precative. "E kui ma nei, Au- 
raka au e hakua." 




AurS,ki, a v. i. turn aside. Tatou 

ka auraki atu ki te kainga nei. 

(i V. t. do a thing in a Jmrry. 

Aua ra e aurakina. 
Aurara, v. i. 1 clutch; gras2). Au- 

rara ke ou ringaringa ki kona 

ki te aha ? 2 encroach. 
Aurei, n. theSrdday of the moon's 

Aurere, v. i. 1 moan; groan. E 

aui-ere mai ra a Tairi. 2 sail. 

Ki Karewa, aurerenga hipi. 

Aiiriuri, a. free from tajm. Ka 
auriuri pea koe. 

Auru, V. t. 1 break off; i^luck up. 
Aurutia mai nga tarutaru. 2 
throtv arvay. 

Aurukowhao, n. 1 leakage from 
the lashing holes of the rauawa 
of a canoe, hence 2 any trifling 
damage. "Mate i te tamaiti, lie 
aurukowhao; mate i te wahine, 
takerehaia." Na Hekerau te ki. 

Auta, V. t. encroach upo7i; attack. 
Ka mate a Hongi, a auta ka 
auta, ko Te WHareumu. 

Autahi, n. the star Canopus. 

AutaiS,, a. extraordinary; strange. 
Autaki, a. roundabout ; circuitous. 

He kupu autaki. — He ara au- 
AutanS, n. a woman's brother-it}^ 

Autaua, n. one who announces 

the approach of a fighting party. 
AutS, n. 1 Broussonetia pajryri- 

Jera; ^>«;per mulberry. 2 band 

Jor the hair. 
Auto, a. 1 trailing behind; 2 slmv; 

dilatory. He auto no te tangata 

ki tenei mahi. 

Auwahine, n. sister-in-law of a 

Awsi, n. 1 river. Kei tawahi ke 
o te awa e tawharau ana mai a 

te Arawa. (8i) 2 channel. 3 

bed in a garden. 
a'waawa, n. valley. 
A-wahau, pron. /. 
A-wakari or a-wakeri, n. ditch. 
Awamate, n. ditclt outside the 

palisading of a pa ; tnoat. 
A'warua, n. ditch. 
"whakaavrarua, n. ditch inside 

the palisading of a pa. 
A'wanga, n. south-west wind. 
a.'wanga'wanga, a. uneasy in 

mind; disturbed. 
a'wanga'wanga, n. distress. Ma 

reira pea ka mutu ai toku awa- 

ngawanga ki toku tupuna ka 

ngaro atu nei. 
Awatea, n. (ao atea). 1 broad 

daylight. Kua awatea, kua puta 

rawa te ra. (47) 2 the middle of 

the day. 
ATwau, pron. /. 

A"we, n. 1 soot. 2 long hairs on a 

dog's tail and rump. 
a'wea'we, a. far off; out of reachy 

Aweawe ana nga rau te rakau. 
A"we, ad. (abbreviation of wawe) 

soon. Kia awe tatou te tae ki 

te kainga. 
Aweke, a. 1 perverse; ill-tetnpered. 

He aha tau ka aweke tonu 1 2. 

slotv; daivdling, with the notion 

of waywardness. Katahi te 

aweke o tau haere. 
a'weke, v. t. falsify ; misrej^resent. 

E kore au e anga ki te aweke 

korero maku. 
AwSkS, a. 1 old; ancient. He riri 

mo tenei kainga, me korero ; ko 

nga riri aweko o tawhiti, kauaka 

e korerotia. 2 knowing ; imder- 

standing. Me te aweko haere 

tou au ki te haramaitanga o 

toku papa. 

A'wha, n. 1 gale; storm. 2 rain. 
Ka ua te awha. 




A"what6, 11. a fuiii;-u.s wliicli is 
pur.Hsitie on ;i kind of caterpillar; 
cordir/'jia Rohrrtxii. 

Awhe, V. t. 1 (/((flirr up into a 
Jicttj). Awlica inai nga oneone. 
2 surrouml; be^ct. Ka awhea 
mai e te liau o roto o te riu. 

awheahe, v. t. set to ?rork at a 

tiling with a niunber of persons. 

Me awlieawlie noa tena mahi ka 

avrheawhe, n. basket. 
awhe, V. i. 2><^'ss round or belihtd. 

Ka awlie i tei^a taha. 
Awheo, n. ]i<do. 
awheo, v. i. J)e surrounded by a, 

hah). Ka awheo te marama ka 

awheo, a. roundaboat. 
Awheotau, v. i. be surrounded by 

a halo. 
Awheto, for a^whato. 

Awhi, \-. t. 1 i-Dibrart'. 2 s'lt on 
eggs, as a lien. 3 draiv near to. 
Awhitianiai, kia j)iri, kia tata. 

awhiwhiwhi, x. i. apjjra.riiante; 


Awhina, v. t. assist; henejlt; be- 
friend. He awhina tangata 
anake te rangatiratanga o tenei 
niea, o te tangata. (12) 

Awhio, a. roundabout; tcinding. 

He ara awhio. 
aAvhiowhio, n. ivliirlwind; wldrl- 


Awhireinga, v. t. embrace in the 
r('<jio)i of spirits. 

Awhiti or awhitu, a a. cautious; 
on one's yuard. ji \. i. feel re- 
f/ret; feel hurt. E awhitu ana 
toku ngakau ki nga kai kihai i 
nui niai ki a au. Compare 


I. E, a particle used in forming 
certain tenses. When used alone 
with a verb or adjective it makes 
a future. E kore ranei e tae 
mai ki konei ? (189) In the case 
of numerals however the time is 
present. E hia ? Ho^v ma7iy are 
there? When the verb or adjec- 
tive is followed by ana the ac- 
tion is in progress, or the condi- 
tion temporary. Ko te ope ra, 
e mahi ana i te takaro, i te haka, 
i te waiata, i te ngahau. (92) 

II. E, prep, hy, of the agent, and 
following passives only. I nga- 
rea mai au e Paoa. (187) 

III. E, int. 1 vocative, 0. often 
used after, as well as before a 
name. E Turi e ! E Turi e ! 

whakahokia ki uta. (iii) 2 
calling attention. E ! ko Te Ka- 
hureremoa. (144) 3 in poetry at 
the end of a line or stanza, with- 
out any particular meaning. Ka 
tau te tini o te Hakituri i tana 
tau e. 

e, V. i. exclaim "^.'" 

Ea, V. i. 1 ap)pear above neater. 
Kia timu te tai ka ea ai nga toka 
ki runga. 2 be brought to land. 
Ka ea te kupenga ki tahaki. 3 
be 2)Toduced, as a crop. 4 be jmid, 
Ka ea te utu. 5 be paid for. 
Kaore ano i ea toku kakahu. 6 
be avenged. Ka ea te mate o 
Tuhuruhuru. (62) 7 be p)er- 
forrned, as a religious ceremony, 
Ka ea te purenga. (83) 


■whakaea, a v. t. faij for. (3 v. i. 1 
rise to the surface. Hence 2 draiv 
whakaeaea, v. t. lift or drn?v out 
of the water. Tukutukua i Ra- 
ii<fiaowhia ; whakae.iea i te Ma- 
niaku. (178) 
Ba, int. expressing surprise. Ea ! 

kua mate tau niokai. (161) 
Bahua, see ahua. 
Bai, see 11. ai. 
Baoia, see ni. ao. 
Ehake, ad. not. Eliake tenei ta- 

ngata. conip. ehara. 
EhEira, ad. 1 not, stating non- 
identity, and followed by i. 
Ehara 1 te tikanga tangata. (61) 
Ehara tenei kakahu i a au, this 
(/arment is not mine. — Ehara 1 
te mea ; it is not the case that. 
Sometimes with an ellipsis of "i 
te mea," as, Ehara maku nga 
moni. — Ehara i te hanga, per- 
haps for "ehara i te hanga noa 
iho ;" It is no common thing, i. e. 
it is soDiething extraordinary. 
Ehara is sometimes used alone 
in this sense. Ehara ano te 
haere o tera toa. (60) 2 in ani- 
mated narrative, ivithout doubt; 
sure enough. Tahi ano whaka- 
rerenga iho o tana meremere, 
ehara, kua mate. (120) 
Bhea, plural of tehea, which. 
Bhi, int. well! Elii ! kua rite o 

maua hiahia. (131) 
Ehia, or more correctly E hia. 

See hia. 
Ehinu, pron. definitive plural. 
some.. Kei hea ehinu o nga toki? 
Bhu, a. turbid. He wai ehu, he 

wai para-horo. 
ehu, V. i. 1 bale water out of a 
canoe. Ka ehua te wai o tona 
waka. (in) 2 exh^nne; disinter. 
(comp. hahu). No te ehunga i a 
Te Eke. 

16 Ene 

Ei, int. in poetry at tlie end of a 

line or stanza. 
Eka, n. acre. 

Eke, V. i. generally place oneselj 
or be placed upon another object, 
and so. 1 embark. Nga waka i 
eke mai ai o matou tupuna ki 
tenei motu. (69) 2 get agrou7id, 
come to ground. Ka eke ki uta; 
ka kitea nuitia e nga tangata. 
(57) 3 mount a horse, &c. reach 
the summit of a mountain &c. 
Haere ano ratou, ka eke i runga 
i te puke. (79) 4 6e laid or cast 
iipon, as blame, censure, &c. Ka 
ekengia ahau e te kupu ; / am the 
subject of blame; — / am found 
fault tvith. 5 come to be exercised 
over, as control, authority, &c. 
He whakaaro nana, kei eke mai 
he tikanga ma te matua ki ru- 
no-a ki nga taonga i wehea mai 
mona. 6 thicken in cooking. 
See ete. 
whakaeke, v. t. 1 j>lace ujyon; 
load. Ka pau te tui te whakaeke 
ki te ngohi. (179) 2 riish ujwn; 
attack. Tena whakaekea. — TJa 
whakaekeeke, light sprinkling 
rain. 3 invade. 
whakaeke, n. visitor; guest. Ko 
etahi rawhi ka pau ma nga wha- 
kaeke. (185) 
Emi or emiemi, v. i. 1 be as- 
sembled; be gathered together. 
Kua emiemi nga tangata ki te 
wliare. 2 be ashamed. 
emiemi, n. 1 a tree. 2 bract at 

footstalk of watermelon, <kc. 
whakaemi, v. t. gather together.^ 
Katahi ka whakaemia kia kite i 
te patunga o WHakaturia (64) 

Ena, plural of tena. 

Eng, V. t. 1 fatfer. He ene te 
korero a te tangata nei, ma wai 
e whakarongo atu 1 2 endeavour 




to obtain by Jl(xttery, conxitii/, S:c. 
Kei te eneene kai inaiia. 3 
enoene riri ; jrrovokr a qnnrrcl. 
whakaene, v.t. make stnoofh, as 
the ground by pulverising. 
Haere mai ki te whakaene i ng;i, 
pavua i tanuiiiia e ou iiiatua. 
Compare maeneene. 

Enei, plural of tenei. 

Engaenga, v. i. overflow. 

Engari, 1 if- is better. Akuanei 
pea ka mate ko au : engari pea 
me haere noa atu au ki te kinii 
kainga ke atu hei oranga moku. 
(119) 2 conj. but; but rather. 
Kei hopu tou ringa ki te aka 
taepa, engari kia mau ki te aka 
matua. (48) 3 on the contrary. 

I. EpS,, V. t. 2>elt; throw anytliiiuj 
at. Roa noa atu ratou e epaepa 
ana i a ia, kihai hoki i pa. (16) 

II. Epa, n. 1 boards placed on edge 
under the end rafters of a Maori 
house. 2 posts at the end of a 
Maori house between the poicpou 
and poutaahuhu. 3 objection:, 
hindrance. Kahore he epa mo 

whakaepa, v. t. 1 object to; hin- 
der. Kahore tatou i te tika e 
ahei ai i a tatou te whakaepaepa. 
2 conciliate; influence ; tvin over. 

Kii'o ana taku poaka hei wha- 
kaepaepa mo te toliunga. — Me 
ata whakaepa ; let him be made 
mncJi of. 

Epeepe, n. distant relative. 

SrS,, plural of tera. 

Brangi, the same as engari. 

Erawe. See under rawe. 


whakaero, v. i. dwindle; fall off; 

diininisJi; disap])ear. WHa- 

kaero ana te tangata, whakaero 

ana hoki te moni 
Etahi, plural of tetahi. 
Ete, V. i. thicken in cooking. 
whakaete, v. t. force one's way, 

&.C by pressiny through a crowd. 

Ka whakaetea he nohoanga 

Eti, V. i. shrink; recoil. Ka eti 

toku kiri i konei. 
etieti, a. disyustiny. 
Etia, a. hoiv yreat. Etia tonu tou 

humarire ! ( 1 64) 
Etokohinu, for ehinu, some. 


■whakaewa, n. strings of a mat. 

Ewe, n. 1 j)lacenta or afterbirth. 

2 land of one's birth. 
eweewe, n. blood relation. 

I. Ha, n. 1 breath. 2 taste; favour. 
Kahore he ha o tena kai. 

ha, V. i. taste. Ka ha toku waha. 
whakaha, v.i. emit breath ; breathe. 

II. Ha, V. i. hesitate in speaking;, 
be at a loss for words. Ha noa 
te waha o te tangata ra e! 

haha, v. t. warn off by shouting. 

Ka haharia mai e te katoa. (51) 

HS,, int. what ! varying in signi- 

fication according to the tone in 
which it is uttered. 

Haapa, n. harp. 

Hae, or hahae, a v. t. slit ; lacer- 
ate; tear. I haea toku e wai? 
/? V. i. 1 become detached (longi- 
tudinally). No te taenga ki 
Tapuae, ka hahae nga kawainga 
o te ata. 2 loathe; hate. He 
whakatauki na Tuwhenuakura, 




"Ahakoa kai tahi, tera a roto te 
hahae ke ra." 3 he envious. He 
aha koe ka hae nei ki te utu o 
tera tangata 1 

haehae, v. t. 1 cut repeatedly. He 
tangi haehae ; a wailing accom- 
panied tvith cutting of the skin, 
as a sign of grief. 2 cut up. Ta- 
huri haehaea te ika nei. (152) 

hae, n. 1 fear or dislike inspired 
by any object. Te hia or a o nga 
tangata noho i roto, i te hae mai 
o te ngarara nei. 2 envy. 

whakahaehae, v. t. frighten; 

Haeana, n. iron. 

HaeS,t9,, n. 1 dawn. Ka rere te 
haeata. 2 bright arch in the 
horizon when the sky is overcast. 
3 beam of light, entering any 
dark place. Kei puta mai hoki 
te haeata o te awatea ki roto i te 
whare. (13) 

haetatatanga, n. openhig through 
which a beajn of light comes. Ka 
titiro atu i te haeatatanga o te 
"whatitoka. (13) 

Haehae. See under hae. 

Haem^t^, v. t. cut uj) in an un- 
cooked state. Ka patua nga kuri 
e rua, kotahi i taona, kotahi i 
haematatia. (112) 

Haere, v. i. 1 com,e ; go ; depart. 
Kia kite au i te haerenga o Te 
NGahue.^ — Haere mai; come to- 
wards the speaker. — Haere atu; 
go away from the speaker. — 
Haere mai is a common expres- 
sion of welcome. 2 become. Ka 
haere ka momohangatia te ma- 
nu ; birds are becoming scarce. 
Pass, haerea, he travelled over. 

whakahaere, v. t. 1 cause to go ; 
carry about. Kei te whakahaere 
a Puru i tana potiki. 2 explore; 
search for ; go about to exam,ine. 
Apopo matou haere ai ki te 

whakahaere kiekie. 3 conduct 
any business ; execute. Ki te 
korero i te ata whakahaere. 
(150) WHakahaere tikanga ; 
direct ; superintend ; govern. 

haereere, v. i. stroll, wander. 

Haere, n. a spirit supposed to 
reside in fragmentary rainbows 
on detached clouds. 

Haeroa, a. Ka keria te rua haeroa, 
te rua o te ngana. (86) The rua 
haeroa was a liole dug in the 
ground in connection with incan- 
tations against one's enemies ; 
called also rua tupb. 

HS,h3,, V. t. 1 seek; look for. E 
haha ana au ki taku toki. 2 
procure. I haria mai taua here 
e raua hei haha kai ma raua. 


Haha. See under 11 ha. 

HS,hae. See under hae. 

HS,hS,nS,. See under hana. 

HS,ha,ri, n. a shell-fish. 

Hahau, see under i and 11 hau. 

Hahi, n. church. 

H^hu, V. t. 1 disinter the bones of 
the dead before removing them 
to their final resting-place. Ma 
wai e hahu te tupapaku ? 2 
search for. E hahu noa ana ia 
i tetahi kai ma tona puku. 3 

Haika, n. anchor. 

Haira, n. scythe. 

Haka, n.jug; jar. 

HakS., n. Am.erican groundsel; 
erigeron Canadensis. 

I. H3.k3,, V. i., 1 dance. Ka mea atu 
taua hunga, " E haka ! " (65) 
2 sing a song to be accompanied 
with a dance. Katahi ka hakaa 
e ratou, koia tenei ta ratou haka. 

haka, n. 1 dance. 2 song, accom- 
panying a dance. 




II. Haka. 

hakahaka, a. shwt in stature ; 
low. He maunga hakahaka. 

Hakarameta, n. sacrament. 

Hakari, n. 1 (/ift ; present. 2 en- 
tertainment ; feast. 3 roe of a 
fisli. 4 yelk of an eyg. 

I. HakS, a. liumped; crooked. He 
hake te tuara o te taniaiti. — E 
tania, whakarerea te rakau na, 
he hake. 

II. Hake, n. trough. 
HakSke, n. hirneola polytricha, 

a fungus ; called also keka and 
taringa o Tiaki-wai. 

HakSrS, a. stingy. 

hakere, v. t. grudge ; stint. 

hakerekere, a. gloomy ; downcast. 
Hakerekere ana te hinengaro. 

Hakihaki, n. 1 itch; skin disease. 
2 ivorn-out mat. 

Hakiki, v. i. he overbearing. Ka 
liakiki noa te tangata nei. 

Hakirara, a. idling; trifling ; ly- 
ing. Te waha hakirara ! 

Hakiri, a v. t. Itear indistinctly. 
Kahore i hakiritia e au te reo o 
te tangata. /? v. i. 1 he heard 
indistinctly or vaguely. I hakiri 
ano i a au taua korero. 2 make 
itself felt slightly. Katahi ano 
ka rongo ki te hakiri ika ki tana 
aho. (117) 

Hako, n. s2won. 

Hakoakoa, n. a bird. 

Hakoko, a. hent so as to form a 
hollow; concave. Ka hakoko te 
ringa o te tangata ra i tona mate. 

Hakora, n. whale-bird. 

Hakoro, n. old man. 

I. Hakii, V. i., complain; mu7'mur. 
Te ai e tatou te haku ki tona 
matenga. Passive, hakua, he 
found fault with. E kui ma 
nei, Auraka au e hakua. 

II. Haku, n. kirig-flsh; seriola La- 

Hakuai, n. a bird, the same as 

Hakui, n. old woman. 

Hakiikii, v. t. scrape. Hakukua 
te korari nei. 

Hakiing, v. i. he deliberate ; be 
careful. Hakune marie ai, kaore 
e hohoro. 

Hama, V. i. be consumed. Kua 
hama te kai i te poaka. 

Hama, a n. hammer. /3 v. t. strike 
with a hammer. 

Hamama, a. 1 open. Ko te tani- 
wha, kua hamama haere mai te 
waha. (151) — Pae tahi hamama 
te rakau nei. This tree is more 
than one fathom in circumfer- 
ence: the fathom being measured 
by the extended arms. — Hama- 
ma tou waha. Open your mouth. 
2 vacant ; exempt. Kei hea te 
wahi o te ao i hamama i te raru? 

hamama, v. i. shout. I reira ka 
hamama te waha o te kuia raka 
ki te ki atu ki a ia. (165) 

Hamarurii, a. shut in ; confined. 
I ahua kino te tunga o te whare 
nei i Takopa, he hamaruru. 

hamaruru, n. crutch of a ko or 
digging implement. 

HamBmg, v. i. 1 mutter. E ha- 
meme ana te turoro. 2 murmur ; 

Hamiti, for hamuti. 

HamSkd, n. spaces between the 
bundles of raupo in the walls of 
a maori building. 

Hamu, V. t. gather things that are 
thinly scattered ; glean. Ka 
ongeonge nga kai ka hamu ai i 
nga puka. 

Hamumu, v. i. 1 speak. Kihai 
hoki i hamumu atu te wahine 
ra. (164) 2, mutter ; make an 
indistinct sound. Te mea e 
hamumumumu nei, me te waha 



Hamure, v. i. be hojorehnnd ivith 
of/if^rs in enfirtf/. 

Hamuti, ii. hinaan e.r,crei)ient. 

Hana or hahana, a v. i. shine ; 
(jlujv : (jive foi'th heat. Ka ha- 
hana te kapura nei. ft v. t. 

whakahana, v. t. hold up wea- 
pons, etc. in dejiance. Iva wha- 
kahana i nga 2)itu, i nga pu, me 
te pukana. 

hanahana, n. ynnnent smeared 
toith red ochre. 

Hanarete, n. hundredweight. 

H§,ne, V. i. he confounded ; he 
siJp)ired. etc. 

H3,nehane, n. rottenness. M i te 
huhu, ma te popo, ma te liane- 
hane. (5) 

Haiiea, n. a small black mussel. 

haneanea, a. itnpalatable. 

Hanene, a. hlowing gently. I ata 
hanene te haere mai o te hau ra. 
Compare anene. 

I. Hani, n. a wooden weapon ; the 

same as maipi and taiaha. 

II. Hani, hahani, and hanihani, 
V. t. speak ill of ; disparage. 
Kati ra te hanihani i tou hoa. 

Hanikura, n. a shell-fish. 

Hanuere, n. January. 

HS,numi, v. i. he merged or sival- 
loived lip ; he mired. 

"whakahanumi, v. t., mix; cause 
to he swallowed uj). 

Hanga, v. t. m.ake; build. Heoi 
ano nga tohunga nana i hanga 
nga waka. (69) — Kei te hanga i 
te taiepa oneone. (19) 

hanga, n. 7vork ; fabric ; thing ; 
2^roperty. Ehara i te hanga, it 
is no ordinary thing, so also 
Kihai i hanga ake tana wahine. 

hangahanga, n. 1 frivolous ; of 
no account. Hua noa he hanga- 
hanga noa nga korero a tera, 

20 Hanguru 

kaore, lie tika tou ia. 2 spread- 
ing over the ground. Ka hanga- 
hanga te tupu o te kapana. 

whakahangahanga, v. t. handle 
gently. He mea whakahanga- 
hanga noa ; nana noa i mate. 

Hangai, a. 1 opposite ; confronting. 
Kia liangni mai tou kanohi. — 
I korerotia hangaitia ki a ia. 
It was sjioken to his face. 2. 
across ; at right angles. Hangai 
pu nga waewae. — He toki ha- 
ngai, an adze. 

Hanganoa, a. (f no account. 

hanganoa, n. small basket for 
cooked food. 

Hangarau, v. t. jest with ; befool. 
He aha tau i hangarau i a au ? 

Hangareka, v. i. or t.jest; deceive. 
He hangareka kau te mahi a 
tenei tangata. 

Hangehange, a. quite dry. Ma- 
roke hangehange te waka i runga 
i te kowhatu. 

hangehange, n. geniostoma, ligus- 
trifolium, a shrub. 

Hangere, a. hcdffull. He hangere 
tenei kete. 

Hangi, n. native oven. 


hangohango, an implement for 
digging, and for setting potatoes 

hangohango, v. t. dig or 2)lant 
ivith « hangohamgo. Kei te 
hangohango riwai nga tangata 
o tenei kainga. 

HS,ng6r6, a. weak. 

Hangoro, a. slack; loose. Hangoro 
noa taku pikau. 

Hangorungoru, a. hanging in 

Hangii, a. dumb; quiet; not talk- 
ative. He wahine hangu. 

HS.ngTiru, a. chattering. Kauae ha- 
nguru, _;aio chattering with cold^ 




Hao, V. t. 1 (Irnw round so as to 
encompass tish, kc. He hokinga 
mai no nga waka o tona iwi i 
te hao kupenga ika. (141) 2 
catcJb in a net ; enclose. Me hao 
ki te kupenga. 3 capture a 
fortr<^ss. 4 grasp greedily. 

hao, n. 1 dredge for cockles, etc. 
2 )iind-pel. 

Haoka, n. ]iorn. 

Hagra, n. Itonr. 

I. Hapa, V. i. 1 hr passed over in 
the apportionment of anytliing. 
Tokorua nga tangata i hapa i te 
kai inaianei. 2 he in need of 
anything. 3 gone by. Ka liapa 
koe ki Ruatahuna ka puta mai 
nga pukapuka mou. 

II. Hapa, a. crooked. 
Hapa, n. supper. 

Hapai, a v. t. 1 lift rep ; raise. 
Hapainga tera pito o te rakau. 
2 carry. E koi'O, hapainga nga 
toki nei. (51) 3 hegi7i a song, 
charm, &c. Ka hapai ake i tana 
hiki ake mo tana ika kia mai- 
angi ake. (22) Pass, hapainga, 
stc(rt. Huaki kau te ata, ka 
hapainga mai ; kai rawa mai i 
te mania. (157) /3 v. i. rise. Ka 
hapai nga kawainga o te ata. 
hapainga, n. small basket for food. 
Hapaki, v. t. catch lice. Hapaki 
ana te taokete i nga kutu o 
Maui. (26) 
Hapara, a v. t. slit; cut. Na 
Rehua i hapara te whare — I 
haparaia tonutia tona waewae. 
(3 V. i. dawn. Ka hapara te 
hapara, n. spade. 
Haparangi, v. i. shout; bawl. Ka 
haparangi te waha o te tama- 
Haparu, v. t. make common; dese- 
crate. Ka l)aparua aku mea e 

HaI'.Iti, n. sabbath. 

HS,p§, a. 1 crooked. 1 mohiotia 

ki te liape o te waewae. (113) 2 

beside the j oint. Kahore i hape 

o korero ; kei te tika o korero. 

H§,pi, n. native oven or cooking pit; 

HapirS, n. violation of tapu by 
eating at a sacred p]ace. He 
aha koe i mate ai ? He hapiro. 
Hapoki, n. ]nt for storing pota- 
Hapoko, n. j)it for storing pota- 
toes. Kia rupeke te kai ki te 
hapoko. (189) 
Hapori, n. section of a tribe; fa- 
Haporo, v. t. c^U off. Haporoa 

te rakau ki konei. 
Hapu, a. 1 pregnant. Ka kitea 
te haputanga o Rangiuru. (128) 
2 conceived iti the womb. Akua- 
nei whakapaea ai na Hotunui i 
tahae ; na e hapu ana a Maru- 
tuahu. (136) 
hapu, n. section of a large tribe ; 

secondary tribe. 
Hapua, a. holloiv like a valley ; 
depressed. Hoake tatou ki te 
wahi e hapua mai ra. 
Hapukii, n. oligorus gigas, a fish. 

I. Hara, v. i. 1 violate tapu, in- 
tentionally or otherwise. He 
hara tawhito i mate ai. Hence 
2 si7i. 

II. Hara, n. excess above a round 
number. Kotahi rau ; e iwa 
nga liara. 

■whakahara or "whakaharaha- 
ra, a. large. 

III. Hara. 

harahara, v. i. be diminished. 

Ka hai'ahara nga kai i roto i te 

whakaharahara, v. t. cause to 

be diminished ; lessen. Kia 

Harakeke 22 

whakaharaharangia te wai o te 

HS,rS,kSkS, n. jjhormiun tenax ; 
the New Zealand flax plant. 

HS,, a. preposterous ; extra- 
ordinary. A modern word. 

HS.rS.kd.kii, v. t. scrape. Hara- 
kukutia nga harakeke. 

HS,rS,mai, v. i. (contraction of 
haere mai) come towards the 
speaker : often used as an ex- 
pression of welcome. Pass, hara- 
maitia, be come for. Te korero 
i haramaitia nei e ia ; the report 
on account of which she came. 

Har9,ngi, a. 1 unsettled, ^fool- 
ish; silly. Ka harangi noa iho 
ona mahara. 

whakaharang^, v. t. disturb; 

HS,rS,ng5tg, v. t. nibble. E hara- 
ngote ana te ika. 

HS.r§,p9,ki, n. steej) slojie, as the 
side of a hill. 

H3,rargkg, n. for harakeke, 
phormium tenax. 

H9,r9,tau, a. convenient ; suitable. 
Te mea noa ano ka haratau ma- 
rire ki te whakaaro a te wahine. 

Harau, 1 v. t. feel for with the 

hand; grope for. E harau ana 

te ngoingoi i te kai mana. 2 v. i. 

be heard vaguely. Tenei tetahi 

ki i harau ake ki aku taringa. 
harehare, cutaneous erujJtion ; 

hS,r6harg, a. offensive. Katahi nga 

korero harehare nau : whakare- 

rea atu. 
Harearea, a. heard indistinctly. 
I. HS,ri, V. i. 1 dance. 2 sing a 

song to dance to. 3 feel or shew 

hari, n. 1 dance. 2 song. 3 joy. 


harihari, n. song to make people 

pull together. 
harihari, n. a shell-fish. 
11. Hari, v. t. carry. Ka haere 

atu te koroheke ra, ka hari i nga 

toki. (51) _ 
Haria, n. wild cabbage. 
Hariata, n. chariot. 
HS,rirS,u, n. wing. 
Har6, v. t. 1 scrape clean. He 

kai haro muka. — He kaupapa 

haro ; a clean sweep. 2 chop 

smooth with an adze. Kei te 

haroa a roto o te waka. 3 of 

very low water at spring tide. 

Haro ana te tai nei. 
haronga, n. mat, made of the 

scrapings of flax. 
HS,r6r6, n. mushroom; agaricus 

campestris and other species. 

"He harore rangi tahi;" said of 

anything short-lived. 
Har5t6r5t6, n. jjond; pool. 
HarStii, a. 1 reduced to shreds or 

tatters. 2 faint-hearted. 
Hariiru, v. i. rumble. He whati- 

tiri tenei e haruru mai nei. 
Hariiru, a. fetid; foul smelling. 

Ka haruru te rongoa nei. 
Hatarei, n. Saturday. 
Hate, n. shi7't. 
Hatea, a. 1 faded; decolorized. 

Kua hatea te mangu o te kaka- 

hu. 2 whitened, as with saline 

HatSpg, v. t. cut asunder; cut off. 

Hatepea nga pou o te whare. 
Hatete, n. fre. 
I. HS,u, n. 1 wind. Kihai te liau 

ra i roa rawa e pa ana, kua 

mutu. (93) 2 dew; moisture. 

Ma tahaki haere ai, i te hau i a 

hau, a. 1 eager; brisk. Ka piki 

a Rupe, ka hau, ka porangi ki 

a Rehua. (32) 2 famous; ilhis 




trious. He ingoa hau tenei 
ingoa e karangatia niai nei ki 
te taringa. (148) 

hauhau, a. cool. Ka hauhau koe 
i te anu o waho. (66) 

hau, hS,hau, hauhau, v. t. 1 
strike; smite; deal blows to. 
Hahau kau ana te patu, he 
mano ki te matenga. (143) 2 
hew; chop. Ka tuakina a te 
Arawa, ka hinga ki raro ; ka 
haua, a ka oti. (69) 

whakahau or vrhakahauhau, 
V. t. 1 animate; inspirit; urge 
on. Haere ra koe ki te wha- 
kahau i nga tangata. — Applied 
to a song. Katahi ka koia te 
mara, ko tona whakahauhau te- 
nei, "NGaere te whakatipua " 
&c. (114) 2 give order; give the 
tvord. Katahi ka tautapa te 
whakahauhau a te hunga e tu 
iho ra i te taumata. "E ! kua 
ngaro ki roto ; kumea !" (151) 

II. Hau. 

hahau, v. t. seek. Kihai i roa te 
hahautanga mai o nga tauhou, 
kua mohiotia mai, ko Paoa tera. 


III. Hau, n. odd half fathom. E 
waru maro o taku taura me te 

IV. Hau, n. arigle; corner. Kei 
te hau o te taiepa te ara. 

T. Hau, n. 1 food used in the 
ceremonies oj the ^^jjure", or re- 
moval of tapu from a newly 
built house, canoe, &c. In some 
cases the hau was eaten ; in 
others it was left entirely for 
the atua. Kia tae atu au ki te 
kawe atu i te hau o tenei tanga 
ika ; a kia tae atu ki te tohunga, 
kia whangaia ki te atua. (22) 2 
something connected with a per- 
son on whom it is intended to 
practise enchantment ; such as 

a portion of his hair, a drop of 
his spittle, anything which has 
touched his person, tkc, which, 
when taken to the tohunga, 
might serve as a connecting link 
between his incantations and 
their object. 3 return present by 
way of acknowledgement for 
present received. 

HS,ua, a. 1 crippled; lame. Ka 
haua te waewae. 2 cowardly^; 
without spirit. He iwi haua ma- 
tou ; kahore i rapua he utu. 

H^uS,itu, a. 1 starved with cold; 
pinched. He hauaitu to matou 
mate. 2 lean; wasted. He kuri 
hauaitu. 3 listless; without heart. 
Ka hauhauaitu ahau, he pouri 
no roto i a au. 

H3,uS,ngi, a. cool. 

H9,uar§,hi, n. west wind. 

H9,uS,rea, a. 1 thin; lean; 2 weak. 
3 cowardly, 'i of no account. 

HS,uatiu, n. north-west wind. 

H^uauru, n. west wind. Hauau- 
ru-ma-raki ; north-west wind. 

HS.uh9,k6, V. t. take up a root 
crop. Hauhakea ana nga kai ; 
te marangatanga mai, e waru 
nga rau. (114) 

HS,uhungS,, n. frost. 

HS,uk6ti, V. t. intercept; cut off. 
Ka haukotia e te mate. — Hau- 
koti i te aroaro, obstruct. 

haukoti, n. intercepting party. 
Katahi ka kokiritia e te hau- 
koti a te wha tekau. 

H^uku, n. dew. 

Haumaku, a. bedewed; wet. 

H3,uinangorda, n. panax simplex; 
a tree. 

Haumaruru, a. 1 languid. Ka 
haumaruru nga kanohi i te 
mate. 2 indifferent ; unconcerned. 
Me mutu i konei te haumaruru 
o matou ; me matakana nga ka- 
nohi i enei rr.ngi e takoto nei. 




Haumauiui, n. result of one's 
toil; tvork acconqMshed. Te 
haumauiui o nga niea kua mate; 
te haumauiui o nga mea kua 
riro atu. 

Haumi, v. t. join. 2 lengthen by 
fcldition. 3 reserve; lay aside. 
Hoake rawa ka haumi i tetahi 
niaku : — ka pau ra hoki. 

h^umi, n. 1 piece of wood by 
which the body of a canoe is 
lengthened. 2 joint by which 
the additional piece is fastened. 
3 confederacy; consjnracy. E 
;niea ana a Hongi, he haumi te- 
v.nei ki a ia. 

Haumiri, v. t. sail cdong coast- 

Haunui, n. dew. 

Haunga, a. odorous ; stinking. 
He ngohi tenei e haunga mai 

haunga, n. odour. Rongo kau 
ano te tupua ra i te liaunga 
aliua tangata. (150) 

Haunga, ad. besides ; not. E rua 
mano te tane ; haunga te wa- 
hine, te tamariki. 

Hauora, a. revived. Kua hauora 
te tupapaku, kua maranga. 

hauora, n. cordyline Banksii; a 

whakahauora, v. revive; refresh. 

I. Haupapa, n. frost; ice. 

II. Haupapa, v. t. lie in wait for. 
Akuanei ka haupapatia tatou e 
te taua. 

Haupongi, n. eddy tvind. 

Haupu, n. heap. 

haupu, a V. t. j)lace in a heap. 

Haupuria nga makoi ki konei. 

/3 V. i. lie in a heap. 
Haura, n. sick person ; invalid. 
Haurahi, n. dew. 
Haurangi, a. 1 mad; 2 drunken. 
haurangi, n. verandah. 

Haurapa, v. t. search for dili- 

HS,urS,r6, a. low down. Me fie 
mea no konei, he hauraro noa 
iho te kakahu o te weruweru. 

hauraro, n. north wind. 

Haurokurokii, a. unsettled; un- 
certain. E haurokuroku ana te 
korero : he korero pai i tetahi 
rangi, he korero kino i tetahi. 

Hauriitii, n. dew. See also under 

Hautai, n. sponge. 

HS,utaku, a. bedewed; wet. Tera 
pea kei te hautaku a roto o te 

HS,utaorua, n. dew. 

HautS,ruru, a. unwary ; heedless. 

Hautete, v. i. jabber. 

Hautope, v. t. cut asunder ; cut 


Hautu, V. i. beat time for the row- 
ers in a canoe. 

HS,utuniu. See under tumu. 

Hautiitu, a. insubordiviate. 

Hauware, a. hanging down; j^eti- 
du lous. 

HS.'wa, V. i. be chipped; be broken. 

Ka liawa te karaha nei i te ta- 

ha'wahawa, v. i. be smeared. E 

tarn a, e tama, hawahawa ana 

te iiinu i ou kauwae. 
hawa or haw^ahawa, n. ventral 

fin of a fish. 
HS,-wai, n. a fungus growing oji 

hawaha"wai, n. hillocks in which 

weeds are buried, and which are 

afterwards planted with pota- 
I. Haware, n. saliva. 
hawareware, a. full of saliva. 

E Jiawareware ana te mangai. 




II. Ha"ware. 

haware"ware, a. lean. He poaka 

Havr^tS,, v. i. mutter. E hawata 
ana te tupapaku. 

HavratS, n. the same as awhato. 


■whakaha-wea, v. t. 1 despise. E 
tika ana ano te whakahawea ki 
a ia, he tutua hoki ia. 2 dis- 
believe. E kore au e whakaha- 
wea ki tana korero. 

Ha'werS,, n. place tvhere the ferii 
or bush has beeoi destroyed by 

HawSre, n. year abundant in 
fruit or game. Ka hua te ta- 
wari, he hawere. 

Hawini'wini, v. i. shiver ?vith 
cold ; shudder. 

Ha'whe, v. i. go or come round. 
Kua hawhe katoa nga ika ki 

ha'whe, n. some portion of a drag- 

HiwHii;, n. half. 

He, art. a; an; some: both singu- 
lar and plural. 

He, a. 1 wrong. He rawa te ma- 
hi nei. 2 erring; mistaken; 3 
in difficulty or trouble. Ka he 
toku manawa. / am out of breath, 
or / am out of heart. 4 dead. 

hehe, a. gone astray. 

hengia, pass, be mistaken for an- 
other. Kei hengia koe. 

he, n. 1 error ; mistake. 2 diffi- 
culty; trouble. 

■whakahe, v. t. 1 cause to go 
astray; mislead. Na te kuia 
ra matou i whakahe. 2 find 
fault with; condemn. 

I. Hea, n. interrogative. 1 what 
place. Ko hea te tangata ra? 
2 when repeated it signifies 
every place. Ka tukua nga pu- 
rahorua ki hea, ki hea, kia haere 

mai ki te whawhai. (loi) — No 
hea is often used as a strong 
negative, like 'far from it" ; not 
at all. "Ka toru tekau tau i 
ako ai Piliopa ; no hea ra e 
rongoe?" ^ what time. A hea 
koe liaere ai ? 

II. Hea, n. multitude; majority. 

Tena ko te hea o te tangata, e 

kore e whakaae. 
heahea, &. foolish; silly. 
Hea, n. ploughshare. 
HeS.ngS,, n. derivative from he. 

I. Hei, prep, future. 1 at of time 
or place. Hei te po taua hoe 
ai. (41) — Hei kona takoto ai. 
2 for ; to, denoting the use to 
be made of anything, &c. Ka 
pau nga pata kaanga hei kinaki 
mo te koura. — Ko wai tou ta- 
ngata hei tangi i a koe, hei 
ngaki hoki i tou mate? (40) 3 
forming a future with the ne- 
gative adverb kaua. Kaua hei 
tiitu : whakatupu tangata. (82) 

II. Hei, n. ornament for the nech. 
hei, V. t. ^vear round or suspend 

from the neck. Heia ki tou 

hei, V. i. be requited. Ka hei 

tana. (72) — Ka hei tau. (145) 
whakahei, v. t. go to meet. Ti- 

kina whakaheitia a Te Whata- 

iiui ki te ara. 
Heihei, n. 1 noise, Tutii ana te 

lieihei. 2 barn-door fowl. 
Heinga, n. parent ; ancestor. 
Heipu, a. 1 cotning, or going 

straight toivards ; hitting exactly. 

Heipu tonu atu au, ko taua mea 

e takoto ana. 2 just; proper. 

Kei ou matua te take heipu. 
Heitiki, n. a greenstone ornament 

worn round the neck. 
Heka, a. mo^ildy. Kua heka nga 

kao nei. 

Heke 26 

H6kS, V. i. 1 descend. Ka kake 
matou ; ka heke. 2 ehb. Kia 
heke te tai ka haere ai tatou. 
3 drip. Ka heke te wai o te 
taha. 4 migrate. A, whaka- 
tika ake a NGahue, ka heke atu, 
he whenua ke. (68) 5 miss a 

heke, n. 1 one who migrates ; jjarty 
of emigrants. 2 rafter. 3 a 
kind of eel. 

•whakaheke, v. t. 1 cause to de- 
scend (fee; let down. 2 catch 
eels by means of a net attached 
to a weir. Ka riro a Te Iwi 
ma ki te whakaheke tuna. 

vrhakaheke, n. rope. 

"whakahekeheke, a. striped. 

heketanga, n. descent of a hill. 

HSkgiuai, n. a kind of shark. 

HgkSrau, n. S7nall tubers oj ku- 
mara, striking into the ground 
from the knots in the shoots. 

HSkSt§,r^, n. olearia Cunning- 
harnii, a tree. 

HgkStua, n. necessary stool. Ka 
hanga hoki e ia te heketua hei 
whakareinga mo nga tahae (35). 

Heki, n. egg. 

H&jn&ngk, n. basket half full. 

Hgrnihemi, n. 1 back of the head. 
2 excess over a definite number. 
Kotahi rau ma whita, hemihemi; 
one hundred and seven and over. 

H^md, V. i. 1 be passed by; begone 
away. 2 iniss a mark. Ka 
hemo te patu a Huka. 3 con- 
sumed. Kua hemo nga kai o te 
rua. 4 be dead. Nonanahi i 
hemo ai taku tamaiti. 5 be 
faint. Ka hemo au i te kai, / 
am faint for tvant of food., i.e. / 
am hungry. 6 denoting the 
completion of an action. Ka 
hemo te pakelia te muru. The 
white man has been phmdered. 


'whakahemo, a v. t. consume, (i 
V. i. be consumed. 

whakahemohemo, a v. t. attend 
at the deathbed of any one. Kei 
te whakahemohemo a Te Hepa- 
tahi i tana wahine. /3 v. i. be 
at the jK>int of death. 

Hemokai, a. hungry. 

Hgniimi, v. i. be out of sight; 
disappear. Kua henumi nga 
uwhi ki raro ki te whenua. 

■whakahenumi, v. t. cause to dis- 
appear, (fee. 

HgngS,, n. 1 edge of the body oJ a 
canoe, to which the " rauawa" is 
fastened. 2 food for a working 
party. Kei te taka ratou i te 

hengahenga, n. 1 girl. 2 geni- 
ostoma ligustrifolium ; a shrub. 

hengahenga, a. quite dry. See 

Heng^, n. derivative from he. 

H6ngi or hghSngi, v. i. blow 
gently. Ano te matangi e he- 
hengi mai nei. 

whakahengi, v. i. 77iove stealthily. 
E whakahengi mai ana te ta- 
ngata ki a au. 

Hengia, n. black skin. 

Hengia, v. pass, of he. 

H66i or hgoti, ad. 1 denoting 
completeness or sufficiency of a 
statement or enumeration, and 
generally having ano joined with 
it : there is no more; there are 
none other. Heoi ano nga to- 
hunga nana i hanga nga waka. 
(69) These ivere all the skilled 
workmen, &c. Heoi ra, that 
will do; it is enough. 2 imply- 
ing that what follows is the 
natural result of what has jus* 
been stated : accordingly ; and 
so; so then; whereupon. Heoi 
ano, ka pouri te ngakau o Ta- 
ngaroamihi mo tana mokai ka 




mate nei. (i6i) Kiitahi ka pa 
te karanga, " E ! he taiiivvha, lie 
taniwha e haere inai nei ! " lieoi 
ka whati te ope ra. (150) 3 
but; however. Ka inea aliau 
kia luiere; heoi kahoie lie waUa 
e whiti ai aliau ki tawahi. 

Hepaba, 11. tthepherd. 

Hepetema, n. Sejifeinbei: 

I. H6r6, V. t. tie; tie up; fasten 
tvith cords. Tena, tatou ka here 
i te ra nei kia ata haere. (18) 
here, n. string to tie with. 

herehere, n. 1 captive; slave. 2 
captivity. "Whare herehere, jiri- 


II. Here, n. spear for killing birds. 
Haere mai ano raua me te here 
wero manu ano. (137) 

here, v. t. kill birds with a spear. 

III. Here. 

■whakahere, v. t. conciliate with 
a present. 

•whakahere, n. present; propitia- 
tory offering. Compare where. 

H6rgpu, V. t. 1 seize; catch and 
hold firmly. Hereputia tonutia 
atu e au, te ! ka mau. 2 tie up) 
in bundles. Hereputia nga witi 

HSrSngiitu, n. witho7it projectirig 

HfirSttmu, n. cooking shed; kit- 
chen. Compare -whareumu. 

I. HSru, n. coinb for the hair. Hei 
heru tetahi taha o te iwi paraoa. 

h#ru, V. t. comb; dress with a comb. 

Ka tuturi nga turi ki tana wai 

heru. (55) 
heruheru, n. todea superba, a 


II. Heru, V. i. begin to flow (of the 
tide only). Kei te aha te tai 1 
Katalii ano ka heru mai. 

Heteri, n, sentry. 

I. Heu, n. eaves. Perea atu ana, 

ehara, titi toiiu ki nga lieu o te 

whare. (81) 
II. Heu, heheu, \.t. separate; pull 

asunder. Ka rere mai taua tu- 

puna nei, ka heua ake, aia I he 

tangata. (11) 
heuheu, a v. t. scatter ; clear away. 

Heuheutia nga otaota i roto i 

te whare. (i v. i. be dispersed. 

Akuanei heuheu ai nga tangata 

ki te mahi. 
Heu, v. t. shave. 
II Eu, n. razor. 
H6uSa, V, i. be sepairtted. Ka 

heuea te po, ka heuea te ao. (4) 

I. HS'wS,, V. i. be deluded ; be under 
a false impression. Kia hewa 
ai nga hoa na te taua i kai. (94) 

II. He"wa, a. bald. He niahunga 

I. Hi, int. expressing contempt. 
whakahi or whakahihl, v. i. 

jeer; sneer; speak conteiuptuous- 
ly. Ko wai tenei e whakahihi 
mai nei ? 

II. Hi or hihi, v. i. 1 make a hiss- 
ing noise. 2 be affected with 

Tvhakahihi, v. t. cause to hiss. 

III. Hi, a V. t. 1 raise; draw up. 
Ka hiia tera nga nana o te ta- 
ngata ra, ka riri. 2 catch with 
hook and line; fish. Ka rewa 
te waka o ona tuakana ki te hi 
ika. (20) (3 y. i. datv7i. Ka hi 
te ata. (55) See also hihi. 

hihi, V. t. pull up; draivup. Pass, 
hiia. Hiia ake tou kakahu. 

I. Hia, a. interrogative numeral. 
how many ? Kia hia he tangata 
mo runga i te waka 1 When 
used with reference to persons 
it generally has toko prefixed. 
Tokohia ou hoa?— Te hia? Which 
in order? — Kihai i hia nga ra ka 
u matou ki Poneke. There were 
not many days, &c. 




II. Hia, hiahia,v.t. 1 desirp : u-iKli. 
E liiahia ana ahau ki te haere. 
2 he in love with. Otira ko Te 
Ponga, kua hiahia rawa hoki ki 
te waliine ra. (164) 

hiahia, n. 1 desire; icisli. 2 
tltov'jJit ; imayination. 

III. Hia. n. difficulty. Te hia puta 
mai o korua i te tai ki. Wliat 
difficulty you must have had in 
coming througli, mving to the 
Jiigh tides. 

Hiainu, a. thirsty. Ka mate a 
Te Ponga i te hiainu. (168) 

Hiakai, a. hungry. 

hiakaitia, v. passive, he desired 
for food. E kore tena kai e 

Hiako, n. skin; hide; bark; rind, 

Hiamo, v. i. he excdted; he elevated. 
Hianio ana tera te pa ra ki 
runga. Comp. huamo. 

Si^'Hioe, a. droivsy : sleejiy. 

Hianga, a. vicious ; refractory ; 
dish onest. 

hiangatia, v. passive, he imposed 
7tpon. Kua hiangatia aliau e te 
k;ii hoko. 

Hia.iig6ng6, v. t. pi7ir aicny. Ka 
koa ra, ka kite atu lioki i te 
v.'hakahiangongo o tona ngakau. 


Hiapo, V. i. he gathered together. 

Hiato, V. i. he gathered together. 

"whakahiato, v. 1. 1 collect together. 
2 7-educe in size. Na te alii i 
whakaliiato te niotu rakau. 

Hia-waero, or Hiaw^ero, n. tail 
of an animal. 

Hie, V. i shout. 

■whakahie, v. t. shout at for pur- 
pose of driving away, &c. 

Hihi, n. ray of the .sun. Comp. 

^vhaka.hihi, n. part of a fishing 
net, between the uru and the 

I. HikS,, n. a term of address to 
young people of both sexes. E 
hika e ! 

II. Hika, v. t. 1 7-nh violently. 
2 kindle fire by rubbing two 
pices of wood together. Hikaia 
he alii ma tatou. 3 perform a 
ceremony with incantations, 
kindling fire being part of tlie 
ceremony. Ka hikaia ki runga 
ki tona huware kia mate ai ia. 

hikahika, a v. t. rwft,- chafe. Ta- 
ngohia ake ana te iwa o nga 
kumara hei hikahikanga i te 
ngao o Tutawa-whanau-moana. 
(112) /i V. i. chafe. Ka haere, 
ka hikahika te tamaiti. 

HIkaikai, v. i. 1 move the feet to 
and fro. 2 writhe. Kia rore 
i te karaka ka hikaikai te ta- 
ngata. 3 he impatient. Ki te 
ki mai koe kia riri taua, ka 
hikaikai au ki tena mahi. 

Hik§,ka, a rash. Kaua e hika- 
katia to haere. 

Hikanui, n. strong nortJt-easi sea 

Hlkar5, v. t. pnck out. Hikarohia 
te rakau nei i roto i toku wae- 
wae. — Hikarohia nga mea ra- 
rahi o nga kai na. 

Hiki, a V. t. lift up; carry; nurse. 
Kei hea te kai hiki o te tamaiti 
nei ? /? V. i. 1 get ujj; start. Ki 
te hiki tetahi o konei i te ara, 
ka mau taura a Henare hei here. 
2 jump or leap involuntarily. 
I hiki taku karakia. (28) My 
charm was imperfect — skipped. 
Ka hiki toku poho. My heart 
leaps lip, as when one is startled 
or goes into cold water. — Kia 
hiki te tapuae ; spoken of early 
dawn when one can just see 
where one is going to tread. 

hikihiki, v. t. carry about in the 
arms; nurse. 




hiki, n. 1 charm for raishu/ tisli, 
t^'C. Kaore aiio i ata imitu iioa 
te karakia wluikaoiigaoiifja, t' 
whakaliua ana i te hiki. (158) 

Hikir3-ngi, v. i. be unsf^ft/ed. Teva 
e reka te noho o te tangata e 
hikirangi ana mo te liaere? 

Hikitorea, n. dirge accompanied 
with extravagant gestures. 

Hik5, V. i. 1 move in a random, 
ivay. Kia rite te haere : kaua 
tetahi e hiko ki nma. 2 stir as 
Ijirds at daylight. E hiko ana 
te manu i te ata, ka whakatika 
maua, ka liaere. 3 stretch out 
the hand at random Hiko tou 
te tangata ra ki nga nojarehu, 
apuatanga. 4 begin to shine; 
dawn. Kei Turuturu ka hiko 
te ata i a maua. 5 flash, as 
lightning. Pass, hikoia, be 
shone upon. Hikoia, e te awa- 
tea, ano he pounamu kei nga 
karupango e titiwha ana. (159) 

hiko, n. distant ligldning. Ara 
te hiko e kowha mai ra. 

hihiko, V. i. move quickly; be 
strenuous. Kia hihiko te haere. 

Hikoi, V. i. step. Te kaha te hi- 
koi o te tangata. 

Hikdko, a. tvasted; starved. Ka 
hikoko nga tamariki a Taunaha. 

Hiku, n. 1 tail of a fish or rep- 
tile. Oraora kau ana ko te hiku 
kau. (160) 2 rear of an army 
on march, or of a company of 
travellers. Taihoa, kia tapeke 
mai te hiku. 3 tip of a leaf, 
tfec, point. 4 head waters of a 

Hikunga, n. head of a river. 

Hikupeke, v. i. be shortened so 
as not to hang down low. Pu- 
korukorua kia hikupeke tou ki 

Hikutau, n. 1 head of a valley or 
river. WHaia ana e maua, a 

kei te liikutau o te wai nei ka 
mau. 2 en.d 0/ a season. Note 
hikutau uoa nei taku i onokia 
a i . 

Himu, n. liip-how (for humu). 

Hina, n. nrey hairs. 

hina, a. liavinq rp-ey hairs. 

Hin§,ki, n. basket for catchincj eels; 


Hmakipouri, a. quite dark. Ka 
hiuakipouri, ka huaki. 

HinS,nioe, a. sleepy. 

Hinamoki, n. a kind of rat. 

Hinana, a. stariuy angrily ; look- 
ing fierce (spoken of the eyes 
or eyebrows). Hinana ana nga. 
kanolii o Rewa.— Hinana ana 
nga Icape. 

Hinapouri, a. 1 very dark. 2 
very sad 

Hinatore, v. i. tivinkle; glorv with 
an unsteady light 

hinatore, n. 1 any phosphores- 
cent stibstance. 2 young shoots 
of a species of toetoe. Na te 
hinatore i wero toku waewae. 

Hinau, n. elceocarpus dentatus; a 

Hine, n. girl. Generally used 
only in addressing a girl or 
young woman. E hine ! 

Hineatauira, n. a variety of flint. 

Hinekorako, n. a spirit supposed 
to reside in lunar rainbows. 

Hinengaro, n. 1 some portion of 
the intestines. 2 seat of the 
thoughts and feelings: Jieart, 
E kitea koia nga wliaka;iro o 
te hinengaro 1 

hinengaro, v. t. desire Kahore 
oku hinengaro whawhai ki tena 

Hine"waiapu, n. a var. of mat a. 

HiNOTA, n. synod. 

Hinu, n. 1 oil ; fat. 2 game, such 
as pigeons, rats, ifec, {(reserved 
in their own fat. 


HingS,, V. i. 1 fall from an erect 
position. Nau koe i liinga ai. 
2 lean. Pass, hingaia, be fal- 
len upon. Kei hingaia koe e 
te rakau. 

llingahinga, v. i. fall in numbers, 
as on a battle-field, ifec. 

hingahinga, n. almighter of num- 

hihinga, v. i.fall in numbers. 

"whakahinga, v. t. catise to fall 
from an erect position. 

Hingongi, n. a variety of potato. 

Hioi, n. 1 mentha Cunningharnii, 
a plant. 2 anthus Nova' Ze- 
landia, a bird. 

Hiore, n. tail of a quadruped. 

Hip3., V. i. 1 start aside. I hipa 
koe ki taliaki i ora ai. 27^ass on 
one side. Hipa ke atu, hipa 
ke mai, kahore i kitea. 3 pass 
as a month, year, &c. No Ape- 
rira kua hipa nei matou i tae 
mai ai. 4 exceed in length ; sur- 
pass. Ka hipa ke tenei rakau; 
kotia iho. 

"whakahipa, v. t. turn aside. 
Sometimes with a reflective sig- 
nification. WHakahipa ki taha- 
ki, kei mau koe. 

"Whakahipa, n. head; hair of the 

"Whakahipahipa, a. irregidar; of 
different lengths or heights. He 
taiepa whakahipahipa. 

HiPl, n. 1 sheep. 2 ship. Ho- 
rahia te titiro whaka waho ki 
Karewa, aurerenga hipi. 

Hipdki, V. t. cover. Hipokina ki 
te kakahu. 

hipoki, n. covering. 

1. HirS,, a. numerous; abundant. 

hira, n. multitude. Katahi au ka 
kite i te hira o te tangata. 

"Whakahirahira, v. t. extol; mag- 
nify to depreciation of others. 
Sometimes used reflectively ; 

30 Hiroki 

extol oneself. Ehara te wha- 
kahirahira o te tangata ra; ka- 
tahi matou nei ka rongo i ena 

II. Hira. 

hihirS,, a. shy; susjncious. Ka 
hihira au ki tena ara, kei mate 

HirS,!!, a v. t. entangle; trip up. 
He aha i hirautia nei e koe 
toku waewae? (i v. i. be caught; 
be entangled. Kei hirau mai 
taku pu i te otaota, ka mate 

hirau, n. paddle. 

HlrS.wSrS.'wfi, a. irksome; pain- 
ful. Hirawerawe ana te wha- 
tinga o toku ringaringa. 

Hirea, a. indistinct. Rongo hi- 
rea ake ahau ki te tangata e 
karanga mai nei. 

hirearea, n. 1 indistinct sound. 
Na ! te hirearea waha tangata e 
mea nei. 2 stink of a corpse. 

HirgrS, v. i. gush; spirt. 


hihiri, a. 1 laborioiis; energetic; 
assiduous. Hihiri marie koe 
ki te haramai i roto i te mara- 
ngai. 2 laborious; requiring 
exertion. Katahi te hihiri i a 
au ki te haere ki reira ! What 
tvork I shall have, &c. 

hirihiri, v. t. repeat charms over 
a person, with the view of im- 
parting energy. Ka hirihiria 
atu ki te kauhou o Houmaita- 
whiti. (127) 

"whakahirihiri, a v. t assist; re- 
lieve. He kore tangata hei 
whakahirihiri te riro ai te peke 
paraoa. /Sv.i. rely; lean. Ka- 
hore i pai ki a au, whakahirihiri 
ke ki a Te Kani. 

Hiri, n. seal. 

HiRiwA, n. silver. 

Hirdki, a. thin; lean. 




HIrdri, v. i. stagger. Hirori ana 
nga waewsie i te taimaha o te 

HiTA, n. cedar. 

HitS,rS,ri, a. very hard. He maro 

Hit9,ri, n. sieve. 

HitS.u, n. small mat for the waist; 

HitS.'wSta'we. a. very long. Hi- 
taw etawe ana te roa o to ta- 

Hitiki, V. i. hop. Hiteki atu ki 

Hm, n. sheet. 

HitSngS., a. very hard. Maro hi- 
tenga te oneone nei. 

Hit5k5, V. i. hop. 

HivrS., a. watchjul; wakeful. Kia 
hiwa ! kia hiwa ! 

Hi'wS,!, n. potato. 

Hi-wS,i"wS,kS, 1 a species of rhi- 

Hi"waka"waka/ pidura; a bird. 

Hi'wSkS,, a. hanging. 

'whakahi'weka, v. t. hang up. 
Te mea na whakahiwekaa. (R.) 

Hiwi, n. 1 ridge of a hill. Tena 
a Matete te oma na i runga i 
nga hiwi. 2 beaten track. Ka 
haere matou i ro ngahere, a puta 
atu matou ki te hiwi. 

lii-wihiTvi, n. a fish. 

Hi"wi, V. t. jerk a fishing line so 
as to hook the fish. 

I. Ho, V. used only in the com- 
pound forms, hoake, homai, 

II. Ho, V. i. ^5?t< out tlie lips ; ptorit; 
a mark of derision. Ho ana 
nga ngutu. 2 shout. Heoi, ka 
tangi i konei te ho a te iti, a te 
rahi. (i6o) 

lldho, V. i. 1 drop; trickle. Hoho 
ana te toto. 2 speak angrily; 
say '^hoho" ! 3 grin. 

III. Ho, n. hoe; spade. 

1. Hoa, n. friend; mate; compa- 

nion. Ko taku hoa koia tau e 
patai mai na? (147) 

hoahoa, n. spouse. Used also of 
two women, wives of the same 
husband. Ka owha mai te wa- 
hine ra ki tana hoahoa. (187) 

"Wliakahoa, v. t. viake a compa- 
nion of; associate with. 

II. Hoa, V. t. 1 ai7n a blow at by 
throwing. Hoaina ki te ko- 
whatu. 2 charm the ground 
over which one is about to pass. 
Te kaha ia te whai i taua ta- 
ngata, katahi ka karangatia ki 
tana wahine hei hoa i ona ta- 
puwae. (119) 3 utter incanta- 
tions for the above purpose. 
Katahi ka hoaia e Tamure ki 
te paepae o tona whare. (172) 

HoakS, a V. t. give or bring to 
some place connected with the 
speaker but in which he is not 
at the time of speaking. /3 v. i. 
go on. 

Hoanga, n. a kind of stone used 
as a grindstone or whetstone. 

HoARi, n. stvord. 

Hbariri, n. enemy. 

HoatS,, n. 1 long sjjear. 2 the 
moon on the third day. E ! ka 
ara te marama, he hoata. (55) 

H5atu, a v. t. give away from 
the speaker ; ptit. Pass, hoatu. 
Ka tae te tangata ra ki tana 
taurekareka ka hoatu hei utu 
mo te ruahine ra. (49) f3 v. i. 
move on in a direction away 
from the speaker, generally im- 
plying that the speaker is about 
to follow. 

H6e, V. t. 1 prish aivay with the 
hand. Tona panga atu ki a ia 
ka hoea mai. — He ringa hoea ; 
a suitor whose addresses have not 
been accepted. 2 paddle; row. 
Ka rewa ki te moana, ka utaina, 
hokowhitu ki runga, katahi ka 




hoea. (56) 3 hence intransi- 
tively travel in a boat or canoe; 
make a voyage. Hei te po taua 
hoe ai, kei kitea taua e te ta- 
ngata whenua. {41) 

hoe, n. paddle; oar. 

hoehoe, v. t. 1 toss about; scat- 
ter. 2 paddle about; make re- 
peated trijjs in a boat or canoe. 
He hoehoe waka te mahi a nga 
tamariki nei. 3 convey in a 
boat or canoe, making repeated 
trips. Kei te hoehoea nga hanga 
a te pakeha ki uta. 

'Whakahoe, v. t. wave the hand 
in token of refusal, ifec. ; reject; 
sheiv indifference to. 

Hoha, a. 1 wearied witli expec- 
tation, importunity, anxiety, &c. 
Ka hoha au i tau mahi wha- 
katoi. 2 wearisoine. He mahi 
hoha tenei. 

HdhShohe, a. wrinkled with laugh- 
ter. Hohehohe ana nga papari- 
nga o ISTGapuhi ki a koe. (Com- 
pare ngohengohe.) 

HShoeka, n. p)anax longissimum; 
a tree. 

Hohonu, see under honu. 

Hdh5r5, see under horo. 

I. H6i, n. 1 lobe of the ear. 2 gus- 
set of a garment. 

II. Hoi, a. 1 far off; distant. Ka 
titiro atu te rangatira o te pa 
nei ki tana kotiro ka hoi noa 
atu. (170) 2 deaf; obstinate. 
NGare noa, kihai hoki i rongo ; 
ka hoi a te Kahureremoa. (143) 

lioihoi, a. deafening ; noisy. Hoi- 
hoi tahi koutou 1 What a noise 
you make ! 

H61A, n. 1 soldier. 2 sawyer. 

Hoihere, n. hoheria 2)opul7iea ; a 

HoiHO, n. horse. 

Hoiki, a. diminishing in size up- 
wards; tapiering. Ka hoiki tonu 

te upoko. 

HokS., a. projecting sharply up- 
wards; pointed. Ka hoka te 
kapua ; of points of cloud pro- 
jecting upwards from a bank in 
the horizon. He hoka te whare; 
the house is steep-roofed. 

hoka, V. t. take on the point of a 
fork, ifec. Ka kai te tangata 
tapu, he mea hoka ki te rakau 
tana kai ; e kore e totoro tona 

hoka, n. screen made of branches, 
stuck into the ground. Ka riro 
ki te hanga hoka manu. 

Hokai, a. 1 spread out; extend- 
ed. Ka hokai nga waewae o 
Ruru ki te rere. — Kia hokai te 
haere ! Step) out I 2 far apart. 
He hokai te ono te taro. 

hokai, n. 1 large feathers of the 
wi7ig. 2 brace; stay. 3 breadth. 

hokaikai, v. i. move backivards 
and forwards. Ko nga waewae 
anake te hokaikai ana. 

Hokaka, v. t. desire. 

Hokari, a v. i. stretch out one's 
legs. /3 V. t. move by stretch- 
ing out the legs. E tama ! he 
aha e hokaritia na e koe nga 
kakahu ? 

Hdkehdkga, a. 07it of patience. 
Roa noa atu e whanga ana ki 
a koe, a, hokehokea noa i te 

H5keke, a. obstinate; churlish. 

I. Hoki, V. i. return. Tatou ka 
hoki ki te kainga. Pass, hokia, 
be returned for or to. Hokia 
ta tatou hoe ka mahue atu ra. 

hoki, n. restorative charm for a 
sick person, blighted crops, ifec. 

hokihoki, v. i. return frequently. 

■whakahoki, v. t. 1 turn back; 
cause to return. 2 give back. 
WHakahoki kupu ; answer. 


II. Hoki, ad. or conj. 1 also. 
Ka haere hoki ahau. 2 for; 
because. Ka noho ia ki raro, 
ka pouri hoki ia ki a ia e ka- 
taina ana e te tini o te Atiha- 
pai. (39) — Ina hoki, as may be 
inferred from the fact that; for. 
Ina hoki ka ngaro noa iho nga 
tira haere atu o reira ki Roto- 
rua. {156) 3 to give emphasis 
to an assent or affirmation, &c. 
Ae : me nolio hoki ra koe. (120) 
— Ko wai tena tangata? Aua 
hoki: he tauhou ia. (133) 

H5kid, V. i. descend. Ka taea a 
runga o te maunga nei, ka ho- 
kio atu ki raro. 

Hokioi, n. a bird ; the same as 

I. Hoko, V. t. exchange; barter ; 
buy; sell. I hokona tona ka- 
kahu ki te poaka. The price of 
the thing bouglit or sold is pre- 
ceded by the preposition ki. 

hoko, n. merchandise. He hoko 
tenei ka u. 

hohoko or hokohoko, v. i. traf- 
fic; trade. 

II. Hoko, a prefix to numerals 
signifying ten times the sub- 
joined numeral. Hokotahi ; ten. 
Hokotoru, thirty. 

Hokomirimiri, v. t. stroke; jmt. 
Heoi ano ; tau ware atu nga 
ringaringa ki runga i te pane 
hokomirimiri ai. (159) 

H5inai, v. t. give to the person 
speaking ; briiig. Ka mea atu 
a Hoturapa, Homai hoki ki a 
au. (109) 

Homiromiro, n. petroica toitoi; 
a bird. "He kanohi homiro- 
miro;" said of one who has 
sharp sight for very small ob- 

Houae, n. small basket or wallet. 

33 Hopi 

H6n6, V. t. plunder; appropriate 
the prope7'ty of others. No te 
hone matou katoa. 

H6n6a, v. i. 1 be absent. Kahore 
ahau kia whai iwi i te honea- 
tanga o nga tangata i haere mai 
ai ahau. 2 escape. Kahore a 
Te Kooti i mau i matou ; i ho- 
nea tonu. 

H5ni or hohoni, v. t. 1 bite; 
wound slightly. I hohoni kau 
te mata, kihai i ngoto. 2 de- 
vour; consume. Ka honia e te 

HoNi, n. honey. 

Honia, ad. intensifying mangere 
Ko nga herehere o konei, he 
mangere honia ki te hanga wha- 
re, ki te hanga pa. 

Hono, V. t. 1 sjMce; join. 2 add. 

hono, a. continual. 

Hondhonoa, v. i. be vexed; be 
annoyed. No reira ka hono- 
honoa ahau. 

HoNORE, n. honour. 

WHAKAHONORE, V. t. honour. 

Honii, n. fresh water. 

hohonu, a. dee^i. He wai hohonu 

Honga, V. t. tilt; make to lean on 
one side. Hongaia mai te waka 
kei eke ki te tahuna. 

Hongere, n. channel. 

Hongi, V. t. 1 smell; sniff. 2 
salute by touching noses. 

HoPANE, n. saucepan. 

Hopara, n. bellfy. Ka ngaro ano 
ki roto ki te hopara nui o Toi- 
tehuatahi. (107) 

Hope, n. loins; tvaist. To nga 
hope te wai. 

Hopeki-wi, n. potato pit. 

Hopetea, n. folytropa textiliosa, a 

Hopi, n. soap. 

I. Hopi, n. native oven; hdngi. 
E kongange ana te hopi. 


II. Hopi or Hopipi, v. i. he ter- 
rified; he fainthearted. 
Hopo and hopohopo a. fearful; 

apprehensive; overawed. Nako- 

nei ano toku ngakau i hopo ake 

whakahopo, v. t. alarm. 
Hopii, V. t. 1 catch; seize. Nana 

i hopu te mataika. 2 snatch. 
hopuhopu, V. t. catch frequently ; 

catch one after another. 
hopuhopu, n. porpoise. 
Hopu, V. i. be swollen, like a 

Hopiia, a. 1 depressed, like a 

cup or trough. 2 lying in 2JOols. 

Ka hopua te wai i te marae. 
Hora, V. t. spread out; expand. 

Ko te horahanga ki reira o Hu- 

nakiko, ka matakitakina. (113) 
hora, a. scattered about. Titiro 

ki te tangata e hora ana ki ta- 

Horapa, a. disseminated through; 

Hore, ad. (generally used with 

I'awa, emphatically) not. Hore 

rawa, not at all. Compare Ka- 

hore or hohore, v. t. peel; strip 

off. Horehorea te hiako. 
hore, n. burial place under tapu. 
horehore, n. husks; peelings. 
HoRERA, n. sorrel. 

I. Hori, V. t. exit a piece out of 
the ear ; slit. Horia te taringa 
o te poaka. 

II. Hori, n. side. Ki hori ! stand 
aside ! 

hori, V. i. be gone by. Kua hori 
atu aua tangata inakuara. 

hori or horihori, &. false; untrue. 

hori, V. t. 1 speak falsely. He 
aha tau e horihori % 2 mistake ; 
viisjudge. Ka hori a Tawhaki 
he wahine no tenei ao ano. (48) 

whakahori, v. t. disbelieve. E 

34 Horokaka 

kore e whakahoria to korero. 
HorirSrire, n. gerygone flaviven- 
tris, a small bird, the same as 
riroriro. I whea koe i te ta- 
ngihanga o te horirerire, ka 
tanu ai i tetahi kawei hue mau? 

I. Horo, a V. i. 1 fall in frag- 
ments; crumble down. Ka horo 
te pari ki te moana. 2 drop offov 
out (spoken of a number of synall 
things as grains, tubers, &c. Ko 
te kumara ka horo haere tonu i 
te huarahi. (136) Z fall or be 
taken, as a fortress, &c. Ka 
Ilia nga pa horo a te taua o 
Hongi 1 4 differ. Kihai i horo ; 
ina, ko te ahau tonu tena. (6x) 
Pass, horoa, be fallen upon by 
anything crumbling down. /3 
V. t. cause to crumble doivn. — 
Horoa te oneone o runga. 

horo, n. landslip. 

■whakahoro, v. t. 1 ca^ise to 
crumble down. 2 scatter. 3 take 
to jneces. Ka whakahoroa i 
reira te waka nei a Aotea. (112) 
4 slack off or let out a line. 

horohoro, v. t. retnove the taj^u 
from a house, &c. 

horonga, n. food eaten hy the 
tohxmga during the above cere- 

II. Horo, or most commonly ho- 
horo, a. qiiick; speedy. Mahue 
rawa te hohoro o te tangata 

•whakahohoro, v. t. hurry; hasten. 
HI. Horo, V. t. swallow. Ka ki- 

tea tona puku e horo nei i nga 

uri o Tiki. (152) 
H6r66kS,, n. panax longissimum ; 

a tree. 
Horoi, V. t. wash. 
horoi, n. material to tvash with ; 

Horokaka, n. mesembryanthemum 

australe ; a plant. 


H6r6kio, n. lomaria procera; a 

Hdrdmi, v. t. swallow; devour. 
Ka wliatetere te wahine ra i 
tona puku hei horomi i a Maui. 
(i8) Comp. HI. Horo. 

HorSmiti, v. t. eat ravenously; 
devour. Nana i horomiti nga 
kill i pan wawe ai. 

HorSpekapeka, n. blue shark. 

Horbpito, n. driniys axillaris; 
a shrub. 

HorStea, a. pale. Taia ana nga 
ngutu, a ka kitea ka liorotea, 
ka taruatia. 

HorStete, a. worii out; prostrat- 
ed. Ko Paora tera, horotete ana 
i te mare. 

H5ru, n. red ochre; burnt koko- 
wai ; used as a pigment. See 

Horu, V. i. 1 grunt ; snort. I ta- 
wliiti ano e haere mai ana ko te 
horu kua tae mai ki roto. (162) 
2 yell in accompaniment to the 
war-dance. Kia rite te takahi, 
te papaki, me te horu a te ta- 
ngata. (167) 3 rankle. Kei roto 
i a ia 6 horu ana te whakataka- 
riri, ina hoki ka puta kei waho, 
kei nga kanohi. 

horuhoru, tvild tur^iij). 

Horiia, v. i. descend. Ka haere, 
ka horua ki roto ki Pakihi 

HoTA, n. shot. 

Hotete, n. a large caterpillar. 

H5tiki, V. t. tie; fasten with cord 
&c. Hotikina te kuwaha o te 

hotiki, n. tattoo marks on the 
foreliead of a woman. 

I. Hoto, n. 1 wooden spade. 2 
spike on the tail of sting-ray. 

h6t6, V. i. hegiii a quarrel. Kaua 
e hoto. 

II. Hoto, a. cold. Hotohoto ana 
te W3,i ki toku hiako. 

35 Horokio 

Hot5a, a. slo^v in growing; back- 
ward. He aha te parareka o 
tenei tau i hotoa ai ki te tupu 1 

Hotokg, a. cold. Ka hotoke te kai. 

hotoke, n. winter. Hei te ho- 
toke ahau ka hoki atu ai. 

I. Hotu, n. the moon on the 15th 
day; called also Atua-mate- 

II. Hotii, V. i. (generally with nga- 
kau or manawa for subject). 
1 sob; pant; sigh. Ka hotu 
tona manawa, he sighs. 2 de- 
sire eagerly ; long. E hotu ana 
toku ngakau ki te haere. 3 
chafe with animosity, &c. Ka 
hotu toku ngakau ki a ia, he 
hoariri hoki ia noku. 4 heave, 
as the swell of the sea. Ka 
hotu noa te moana. 

hotuhotu, a. accompanied with 
sobs. Hotuhotu ana te tangi a 
te tangata ra. 

I. Hou, \\. feather. 

II. Hou, a. neiv : recent : fresh. 
Hou tonu ana te ketunga a te 

III. Hou or hohou, v. t. bind ; 
lash together. E hohou ana ia 
i te taiepa. — Hohou rongo, make 

houhou, n. panax arboreum ; a 

IV. Hou, a V. t. force downwards. 
Houa iho kia hohonu. /8 v. i, 
1 force one^s way downwards. 
Ka hou te kuri i raro o te ra- 
kau. 2 persist in a demand. 
Ka hou au ki a koe, ka hou, ka 

houhou, V. t. dig up ; obtain by 
digging. Kei te houhou roi 

V. Hou or houhou, a. 1 cool. 2 
disagreeable ; unpleasant. 

•whakahouhou, v. i. Jeel disgust. 
Ka whakahouhou nga hoa, i mea 



hoki ratou kia tirohia paitia 
ia. (193) Comp. hauhau and 
HouS,nia, n. entelea arhorescens ; 

a tree. 
Houanga, n. this time last year. 

No houanga nei au i tae mai ai. 
HouS,nge, n. 1 a little while ago. 

2 a little while hence. Mo a 

houange nei ka hoatu. 
Houhou. See under hou. 
Houhere, houhi, or houi, n. 

hoheria poinilnea ; a tree. 
Houkeke, a. obstinate. Ka nui 

te Jioukeke o te whanoke ra, e 

kore e rongo. 
Houraapara, n. panax arbor eum; 

a tree. 
Houpara, n. a tree j a species of 

HouRA, n. soda. 
Houtete, a. stunted. Koi kaneke- 

neke, koi aha; houtete tou i taua 

wahi tahi. 
Hou-were, v. t. tie; bind. Hou- 

weretia te takitaki. 

I. Hu, n. mud ; swa7np. Kua ta- 
poko ki te hu. 

II. Hu, V. i. bubble up. Te puna 
e hu ake ra i raro i te whe- 
nua. (154) 

hu, n, tenor or drift of a speech. 

Te hu o te korero. 
huhu, V. i. hiss ; whiz ; buzz. I 

rangona kautia e ia ki te huhu 

o te patu e haere iho ana ki 

tona angaanga. (91) 

III. Hu, a. still ; silent ; qtiiet ; at 
rest. E noho hu ana, kei whaka- 
ae, kei eke koe ki runga ki te 

IV. Hu, n. shoe. 

hilhu, V. t. 1 strip off an outer 
covering ; cast off a rope, &c. 
2 deprive of outer covering ; 
mahe bare. 3 Jree from tajiu. 



E haere tapu tonu ana mai i te 

tanumanga i a Tamatekapua ; 

katahi ka huhua, ka noa. (78) 
huhu, n. a beetle found in rotten 

I. Hua, n. 1 fruit. Kei whea 

nga hua o te poroporo nei? (64) 

2 egg of a bird ; roe of a fish. 

3 cause ; occasion. I patua hua- 
koretia e ia taku tamaiti. 

huahua, n. 1 birds, tkc, captured 
for food ; game. Nga kai o tera 
maunga, he kiwi, he weka, he 
kiore, he kuku, he tui : he mau- 
nga huahua tera maunga. (145) 

2 small pimple. 3 a vessel in 
which food was boiled by means 
of heated stones. He huahua 

hua, V. i. 1 bear fruit. E kore 
e hua tenei rakau. 2 abound. 

3 (of the moon) be at the full. 

hiihua, a. abundant. 

hiihuatanga, n. excellence ; good- 
ness. Kahore he huhuatanga o 
ena kahahu. 

II. Hua, n. 1 handsjnke ; lever. 
2 section of land. Kotahi hua 
ka riro i NGaiterangi. 3 screen 
from wind. 

huahua, n. rail of a fence. 

hua, V. t. 1 raise with a lever. 
Huaia te rakau nei. 2 over- 
turn ; frustrate. Ka huaia mai 
e te Koikoi a taua tatai. 

III. Htia, V. t. 1 name. Ka hua- 
ina te ingoa o tera kainga ko 
Kawhia. (113). — No whea te 
huanga o tau matau ? (21) Who 
ever heard of your hook ? — Ka- 
hore he huanga tangata o te 
huarahi. (149) There was not a 
soul on the road. 2 call by 
name. 3 think. E hua ana e 
ngaro nei, kei te mahi kai pea. 
( 1 2) — Hua atu; one ivould think. 
Hua atu ko te Rans;i to tatou 


niatua. (14) 4 6e sure ; know. 

Ko wai ka hua? 
whakahua, v. t. 1 pr(mounce. 

2 recite. Ka, wliakaliua i tana 

karakia mo tana tatuatanga i 

tona niaro. (97) 
Huai, n. a shell-tish. 
Huaki, a V. t. ope^i ; uncover. 

Huakina ake te tatau. — Hua- 

kina te rua, tikina atu nga kai 

ki "waho. 2 rush upon ; charge. 

No te huakanga i mate ai. ft 

V. i. dawn. Huaki kau te ata, 

ka hapainga mai. (157) 
huaki, n. assault ; charge. 
Huakumu, a. very fruitful. 
Huamanu, a. like hii'ds' eggs ; 

of kumai^a producing only three 

or four tubers in a hillock. 
Huamango, n. a variety of po- 
Huamo, v. i. he raised in waves, 

as the sea. 
Huamutu, n. a fish. 
Huaniii, n. road ; highway. 
Huanga, n. relative. Ka tae mai 

ka noho, ka huangatia tera ta- 

ngata ki a ia. (143) 
HuangS, n. asthna. 
Huapapa, n. Jlat rocks. 
Hiiarahi, n. road ; highway. 
Hiiaranga, v. t. transplant. 
Huare, n. spittle. 
Hiiata, n. spear, with a knob on 

the butt. 
HuatS,hi, n. only child. 
HuatS,re, v. i. pant ; gasj) for 

breath. E huatare kau ana te 

Huatawa, n. a dark variety of 

the siliceous stone called matd- 

Hue, n. 1 gourd ; cucurhita sp. 

2 a fish. 
Huhi, n. 1 discomfiture. Haere 

ana koe ki te tinihanga i to 

tipuna ; ana ka kite koe i te 

Zl Hukapapa 

huhi. (25) 2 weariness. Ka 

taea te huhi. 
Huhu, see under hu. 
Huhua, see under hua. 
Huhunu, see under hunu. 

I. Hui or huihui, a v. t. put or 
add together, /i v. i. congregate ; 
come together. Ka huihui mai 
nga iwi ki te matakitaki i to 
ratou ito. (155) 

hui or huihui, n. assembly. 

II. Hui, V. t. take as plunder. Ka 
huia nga kakahu, ka patua. 

III. Hui, V. i. he affected with 
cramp. Ka hui toku maui. 

Huia, n. neomorpha Gouldii ; a 
somewhat rare bird, the tail- 
feathers of which are prized as 

Huiki, a. 1 ^;mc7iec? with cold. 
E noho huiki mai ra te koroua 
ra. 2 croxiching iti fear. 3 
exhausted by frequent cultiva- 
tion. Ka huiki te whenua. 

HuirSpa, a. 1 grasping. Katahi 
tana huirapa mona anake ! 2 
having the toes united by a 
membrane; webbed. He huirapa 
te tapuae. 

I. Hiika, n. 1 foam ; froth. I 
whiua atu ki te hukahuka o te 
tai. (11) 2 frost; snotv. Ka 
kite ia i te huka o Tongariro. 
(80) 3 cold. 

hukahuka, n. thrums or shreds 
on a mat. Ka motu nga huka- 
huka o tona pake. (80) 

hukahuka, a. hanging in shreds. 
I mahue hukahuka te whare. 

II. Hiika, a. long in time. E 
kore e huka ka tae. 

III. Huka, a. deficient in measure- 
ment. E waru maro te roa, 
huka to te iwa. 

Huka, n. sugar. 
Huka, n. hook. 
Hilkap§,p^, n. ice ; frost. 


Htikapiinga, n. snow. 

Hukarere, n. snow. 

Huka'whatu, n. hail. 

Hukari, v. i. gesticulate. He aha 
te rawa o tana mahi e hukari 
mai ra ? 

hukari, n. young of birds. 

Hiike, v. t. 1 dig ujj ; exjwse by 
removing the earth in which it 
has been buried. E huke ana 
te wahine i te hangi. 2 ex- 
cavate. Ka hukea te riu o te 
waka. (55) 

Hukeke, a. staggering. 


hukihuki, n. S2nt on which fish 
are roasted. 

hukihuki, a v. t. roast on a spit. 
Hukihukia te ngohi. /3 v. i. con- 
tract suddenly, as the muscles. 
Ka mate toku ringaringa i te 

hukinga, n. head of a valley or 

Hukiki, V. t. shiver violently. 

Humarire, a comely ; beautiful. 
Te puhi humarire nei, a Hine- 
moa. (130) — Te humariretanga 
o Te Whatuiapiti. (164) 

Hume, V. t. bring to a point ; 
taper off. Ka humea te ihu, te 

ta. (55) 

whakahume, v. i. be drawn be- 
tiveen the legs (of the tail of a 
dog). WHakahume ana te waero 
o te kuri. 

Humene, a. gathered up into small 
compass. WHakahumenemenetia 
mai tou kia whaiti. 

Humengemenge, a. crumpled ; 

Humu, n. hip bone. 

humuhumu, a. stripped of pro- 
minent parts. Takoto humu- 
humu kau ana ko nga tiwai 
anake. (171) So of trees having 
the branches lopped off. NGa 



rakau e humuhumu mai ra. 

I. Huna, V. t. 1 conceal. I hunaa 
toku e wai ? 2 destroy. He 
taniwha te mea e huna nei i te 
tangata o tenei huarahi. (150) 

huna, a. concealed. Te tini ta- 
ngata e huna nei ki roto i te 
arearenga o nga poho o Rangi 
raua ko Papa. (4) 

II. Huna, n. the moon on the tenth 
day ; also Hune. 

Hunanga-moho, n. danthonia 
Cunningltamii, a kind of grass. 

Hiinaonga, n. son-in-law or 

Hiinarei, or hunarere, n. father- 
in-law; mother-in-law. 

Hune, n. 1 pappus of the seeds of 
ra^qyo, or typha angustifolia ; 
2 the moon on the tenth day. 

Hune, n. June. 


hiihunu or hunuhunu, v. t. 1 
char. Ka oti te huhunu a waho, 
ka tu ko te iho anake. 2 singe; 
scorch. Hunuhunua ta tatou 
poaka. 3 plunder ; maltreat. 

huhunu, n. 1 double canoe. 2 
temporary washboards at the bow 
of a canoe. 

Hunuku, n. family encumbrances. 

Hiinga, n. company of persons ; 
peopile. Tu tonu iho te hunga 
ra i te taumata. (151) — Some- 
times used contemptuously. 

Hiingahunga, n. tow ; refuse of 
flax leaf ; down or nap which 
comes off a garment. Compare 

Hunga"wai, n. father-in-law ; mo- 

Hungoingoi, a. trembling. 

Hupana, v i. fly up or fly back, 
as a spring. Te hupanatanga o 
te tawhiti. 

Huoioi, a. trembling ; tottering. 

Hiipg, n. discharge from the nose. 


HupSkg, V. i. bend the leys or 
arms. Hupeke ou waewae. 

hupeke, a. bent ; drawn up (of 
the legs or arms). 

hupeke, ii. old woman. 

Hupeniipenu, a. mashed up. Ka 
hupenupenu noa iho nga kai i 
roto i te kohue. 

Hura, a V. t. 1 remove a covering. 
Hurahia te kakahu. 2 uncover; 
expose. Hurahurahia nga kai ; 
ka maku i te ua. 3 discover. 
4 hunt out. Kua riro te taua ki 
te hura morehu. (3 v. i. begin 
to flow (of the tide). Ka hura 
te mata o te tai. 

hura, n. nervous twitching in the 
shoulder, &c.; regarded as a sign 
that one is the subject of re- 

hurahura, n. visitors condoling 
ivith people who have been p)lun- 

HuRAE, n. Jiily. 

Hurangi, n. fly. 

hurangi, a. timorous. Ka hura- 
ngi haere tatou ki tona mate- 

Hurau, v. t. meddle with ; handle. 

Hure, V. t. search. Kua tae ake 
nga tangata o runga o te kai- 
puke ki te hure i to matou pa. 

Hurepo, n. bitterti, 

Hiiri, a v. t. 1 turn round. Na 
wai i huri te pouaka 1 2 over- 
turn. 3 grind in a mill. Me 
kawe nga witi nei kia hurihia. 
y8 V. i. 1 overflow. Huri katoa 
te waipuke ki te ara. 2 fall 
to ; set about. Ka huri te Pa- 
tupaiai'ehe ki te tango i nga 
ngohi ki uta. (179). 3 betake 
oneself; repair. Katahi te ma- 
nuwhiri nei ka huri ki runga 
i te waka, ka hoe. 4 Ka huri 
tenei, or simply, Ka huri, is an 
expression which has lately be- 

39 Huti 

come common to mark the end 
of a subject, or of a speech, 
letter, &c. 

hurihuri, v. t. turn over in one^s 
mind ; ponder ; reflect iifon. 

huri, n. 1 seed. Ka waiho enei 
parareka hei huri mo taku mara. 
2 anything which is turned 
round, as a mill, or a grind- 

Hiiriaro, v. i. turn right round. 

Hurikiko, v. i. turn right roxmd. 

Hurikoaro, v. i. turn inside out. 
Hurikoarotia te kakahu. 

Hurikotiia, v. i. turn the back. 

Huripoki, v. t. turn upside-down ; 
turn over. Huripokia te kohue. 

Huririia, v. t. turn inside out. 

Huritua, v. i. turn the back to- 
wards one. 

Hurorirori, v.i., stagger. 

I. Huru, n. 1 brushwood. 2 dog- 
skin mat. 

huruhuru, n. coarse hair; bris- 
tles; feathers ; not properly used 
of hair of the head. 

huruhuru-whenua, n. asplenium 
lucidum ; a plant. 

II. Huru, V. t. contract ; draw in. 
Me huru mai te taiepa kia ho- 
horo ai te oti. 

Huriinui, n. having long fur. 
Huriipa, or hiirupi, n. fresh 

growth of young trees after land 

has been cleared. 
Hiirtiroa, n. a shell-fish. 
Hiirurua, n. 1 brushwood. 2 land 

covered with brushwood. Kua 

hururuatia te ara. 
Huriitete, a. stunted. E kore e 

mataara ake te witi i te whenua ; 

ka hurutete. 
Hutete, V. i. be tied up in a cor- 
ner of a bag, &c. I roto i te 

putea e hutete ana. 
Hilti or huhuti, v, t. 1 hoist. 


2 pull out of the ground. Hutia 

nga tarutaru. 
hutihuti, n. rope. 
hutinga, n. ^:)^(xce cleared Jroin 

weeds in preparation for a crop. 

Na Te Kauae tenei hutinga. 
Huti'wai, accena sanguisorbce. ; a 

Hutoitoi, a. stunted; growing 

weakly. E hutoitoi ana nga 

40 f 

huruhuru o te matenga. 
Hutoke, n. winter, 
Hutotoi, a. weak ; stunted. Hu- 

totoi ana te tupu o te kapana. 
Hutiikawa, n. metrosideros to- 

mentosa ; a tree. 
Hu'winiwini, a. chilled; having 

the skin roughened with cold. 
Huwha, n. thigh. 
Hu-whare, n. spittle. 

I. I, a particle used in forming 
indefinite past tenses or aorists. 

1 liaere mai korua ki te aha ? 
(185) for what did you come ? 

II. I, prep. 1 simply transitive, 
serving to connect an active 
verb with its object. Tatou ki 
te aukaha i to tatou waka. (20) 

2 from. I haere mai maua i 
te rawhiti, i te putanga mai o 
te ra, (185) — Tikina he ahi i 
a Mahuika. (23) — He hokinga 
mai no nga waka o tona iwi i 
te hao kupenga ika. (141) 3 
from the sight of. He nohoa- 
nga moku e ngaro ai ahau i 
toku hoa ngangare. (54) 4 at 
a distance from ; wide of ; beyond. 
Ka taha te patu i tona anga- 
anga. (91) 5 in comparison of 
E kore ia e hohoro i taua wa- 
hine. (95) — than. Ko te moana 
i nui atu i te whenua. (29) — ■ 
In complex propositions. Ki 
raro i te pihanga o te whare. 
(78) Also after ehara. Ehara 
i te taua nana i patu : nana noa 
i mate. 6 by reason of. Kaore 
e tae te ope nei i te wehi. (60) — 
for want of. Ka pingongo nga 
papa o to hoiho i te kai. 7 by; 
after neuter verbs. Poto katoa 
nga whenua i a Rupe te haere. 

(32) — Kua tu i te tao a Hatu- 
patu. (95) — with. Ka mate a 
Te Ponga i te hiainu. (168) 8 
(of place) at. E noho nei ano i 
Rotorua etehi. (103) — I hea 
koe ? Where were youl or, some- 
times, Where have you been ? 
— tqwn. Ka tere a Hinauri i 
te moana. (28) — along. Haere 
tonu atu i te ara nui naka. 
(23) — by way of. Ka haere 
mai i te tai hauauru. (185) 
9 connected with the last, and 
sometimes to be translated of. 
Te motu i Mokoia. (96) — Some- 
times redundant. Wailio i a 
Marutuahu te ingoa. (136) — Ka 
tikina i a Kae hei tohi i a Tu- 
huruhuru. (36) 10 (in past 
time) in the act of I te tiki 
wahie nga wahine — I te aha ia? 
What was he doing? or, What 
was he about ? — in the state of. I 
te mate a Anaru inanahi. 11 
(of time) at; in; by. Kua 
herua taua tangata i te po. (97) — 
i7i the tiyne of. I a Houmaita- 
whiti te whawhaitanga. (63) — at 
the time that; whilst; diiring. 
I a ratou e okioki ana. (84) — 
I te mea, when. I te mea e 
kai tonu ana i tana kai, (160) 
12 (in past time) with, i.e., 


having. Te tangata i te pualii — 
wWi, i.e., in j^ossession of. I a 
wai to toki? — belonging to. "la 
wai tera kaainga?" "la Wai- 
taha." (145) 13 in company 
with; led by. Haere atu ana a 
Kae i a Hineiteiwaiwa raua ko 
Raukatauri. (38) 14 in the 
opinion oj. Makatikati ana i a 
au te korero nei. 15 causing 
trouble or annoyance to. Ma 
tahaki haere ai i te hau i a koe. 

III. I or ii, V. t. Jerment ; turn 

"whakaii, a. self-conceited. 

IV. I, int. without any special 
meaning at the end of a stanza 
of a song. 

I. la, pro. 3rd person singular, 
he ; she; it. After the prepo- 
sitions a, 0, ma, 7710, na, no, ta 
and to, another pronoun, na, is 
substituted for ia, and the pre- 
position and pronoun are writ- 
ten as one word. Ko tana mahi, 
he tatau i ana taro. (49) Obs. 
— Ia is not -ordinarily used in 
speaking of things inanimate. 

II. Ia, pron. demonstrative (not 
used in the plural). 1 that; 
the said. Nga kanohi o ia wa- 
hine. (167) 2 repeated, to give 
a distributive sense, each; every. 
Ka haere te kai korero ki ia 
wahi, ki ia wahi. 

III. Ia, n. 1 current. E kore e 
tere te waka i te ia. 2 sound 
made hy I'ushinq tvater. Me te 
ia wai e tangi ana te umere. 

IV. Ia, conj. but. I roto ano ia a 
Kiki i tona whare. (172) 

lana, ad. intensive, then. Tena 
iana ; whakaaturia mai. 

langi, ad. intensive. 1 nay. He 
parau ianei te korero na. 2 in 

41 Iho 

interrogative sentences. E kore 

ianei koe e haere? 
Iari, n. ya7'd. 
I9,ua, int. hold! stay.' Taua! maku 

e here. 

Ihe,n. a fish; the same as takeke. 

Ihi, tt V. t. split; divide. Ihia 
atu te rakau na — Ka ihia te 
mara. ^ v. i. 1 draw a line; 
furrow, &c. E ihi mai ana te 
tira o te mako i runga i te kare 
o te tai. 2 dawn. Ka ihi mai 
te ata. 3 make a hissing or 
7'ushing noise; and so blow, as 
wind. Ka ihi mai te hau ; kia 
maranga te whakawhiti. 

ihiihi, v. i. 1 make a rushing 
noise. Ihiihi ana te hau nei. 
2 be terro7--struck ; shudder with 
fear. Ka ihiihi te tangata ra, 
ha heke iho te werawera. 

ihi, n. 1 froyit gable of a house. 2 
tendril of a plant. 

ihiihi, n. ray of the sun. 

whakaihi, v. t. betroth. He wa- 
hine whakaihi ma taku tamaiti. 

I. Iho, n. 1 hea7't of a tree. 2 
that wherein the strength of a 
thiiig co7isists, as of an army, 
&c. Hokowhitu te iho o te 
taua. 3 object of reliance. He 
atua iho taua — Me he mea ko 
Rongomai te iho, ka karakiatia 
ko te iho o Rongomai. 4 to- 
hu7iga or j}7'i7ici2ial 2y6rso7i in 
the crew of a canoe. Ko nga 
poroporoakitanga iho tenei i nga 
iho o nga waka katoa. (112) 

II. Iho. 
■whakaiho, v. t. ciit the hair. 

Tenei to iramutu, whakaihoa 
"whakaihonga, 1 cutting of hair. 
2 some ceremony connected with 
the dead. 




HI. Iho, ad. coiTelative with ake. 
1 up above, with reference to 
anything lower down. WHaka- 
rongo ki te kupu a te tangata e 
iri iho nei. Tenei ano te ora 
iho nei. (65) 2 from above; 
downwards ; down. Ka tae ki 
te ruH i rere ilio ra tona whaea. 
(15) — Ka tatu iho te tangata ra 
ki raro. (147) — Raro iho; lower 
down. Katahi ia ka neke tata 
iho ki raro iho. (16) 3 the con- 
verse of II. ake 5. Ka mea iho te 
tangata nei ; Haere ake i muri 
nei ; kia hohoro ake te haere. 
(148) 4 denoting a short lapse 
of time. Muri iho ; shortly after- 
wards. — Po iho ano. (12) 5 
thereupon. Kore iho i reira te 

Ihii, n. 1 nose. Ihu oneone, soiled 
face ; one who works hard. 2 
bow of a canoe, (fee. 

Ihumanea, see uhumanea 

Ihupuku, a. scruj)ulous ; hesitat- 

ihupuku, n. 1 novice. Ko wai 
koia te ihupuku ki tena mea kia 
tangohia? 2 a variety of kumara. 

Ihiipuni, n. dogskin mat. 

li. See III. I. 

Ika, n. 1 fish. Tarewa ana i 
runga te ika a Maui, he ika 
whenua. (22) — Ikamoana, whale. 
— Ika waka, the first fisla caught 
in a new canoe, which was held 
sacred. 2 body of 7nen ; troop. 
3 fighting -man ; warrior. Kei 
te hurihuri i nga ika tapu; of 
persons slain in fight. (91) Ika- 
whiro, old warrior. Ika-i-te- 
ati, first person killed or cap- 
tured in a fight ; also called 

whakaika, v. i. 1 he congregated ; 
he formed into a troop. NGa 

korero a NGatikahungunu e 
whakaika nei. 2 lie in a heap. 
Kei ko nga kaho e whakaika 
ikaika, n. a plant. 

I. Ike, ikeike, a. high; lofty. Kia 
pehea te ikeike o te whare? 

■whakaikeike, v. t. raise. Taria 
mai he oneone hei whakaikeike 
mo te wahi nei. 

II. Ike, V. t. strike with a hammer 
or other heavy instrument. 

Iki, V. t. consume; devour. Katahi 

te mea iki kai, he runanga. 
Ikuiku, n. eaves of a house. 

Ina, ad. 1 denoting emphatic as- 
sent ; certainly ; to be sure. 2 
calling attention. Ina na! wha- 
karongo mai. (129) Sometimes 
it may be rendered, here, or see 
here. 3 equivalent to tena in 
saluting a person. Ina ano koe, 
6 Ha na! (96) 4 adducing a 
fact in proof of anything ; for ; 
since; inasmuch as. Kua patua; 
ina hoki, i haere tahi ano 
koutou; ka ngaro nei i to kou- 
tou hokinga mai nei. (95) So 
also in the following, Meake au 
taka, ina te ahua. / shall fall 
ofi" presently, to judge by appear- 
ances. 5 ivhen Kia mahara 
mai koe ki a au ina tae koe ki 


inaina, v. i. bask; warm oneself. 
Hei konei te ahi inaina. 

Inahea, ad. interrogative, of past 

time, when? 
Inaianei, ad. just now ; to-day. 

properly of time past only. 
Inaiatatanei, ad. very lately. 
Inake, ad. not long since; the 

other day. Inake ano i haere 

ai te rongo o tenei wahine ; 

kaore, he uaua. (197) 

Inaki 43 

InS,ki, a V. t. 1 c7-owd one upon 
miothei- ; pack closely. I inakitia 
rawatia te ko o te mara nei ; 
te ai he kai apopo, te aha. 2 
thatch ; cover with overlappin;/ 
layers, or rows. Ka inakitia a 
runga ki te toetoe. 3 cut short 
a speaker, by beginning to speak 
before he has concluded. Te 
tukua taku korero kia tau ki 
raro ; inaki tonu mai koe. — He 
korero whakainakinaki na te 
tangata ra, na reira i kino ai. 
(3 V. i. /all back upon forces in 
the rear, or come up, as rein- 
forcements to an advanced posi- 
tion. Ka inaki ki runga ki nga 

In^kuara, ad. a little while ago. 

Inamata, ad. 1 formerly ; 2 im- 
mediately. Ka rongo te ta- 
ngata ra, inamata kua maranga 
ki runga. (165) 

Inamoki, n. a kind of rat. 

Inanahi, ad. yesterday. 

Inana, see under ina. 

Inanga, n. 1 smelt ; retropinna 

Richardsoni, a small fresh-water 

fish. 2 a light green variety of 

Inanga-poriro, n. cyathodes ace- 

rosa, a plant. 
Inangeto, ad. in a short time. 

Inangeto, kua maoa. 
Inaoake, ad. two days ago. 

Inaoakenui, ad. three days ago. 
Inaoake"wake. ad. several days 

Inapo, ad. last night. 

Inati, a. severe. He inati te 
ngaunga a tenei mea kino. 

Ina'whai, ad. 1 not long since. 2 
expressing approval. Inawhai 
ano i oma ai ratou ; they might 
well run. 


InS,wheke, ad. not long since. 
Inawhea, ad. when? likeinahea 
Inei, ad. interrogative. Is it sol 
Iniiii, n. 1 inch. 2 hinge. 

Inohi, n. scale of a fish. 
inohi, V. t. scale a fish. 

Inoi, V. t. beg; pray. Inoia he 

kai ma tatou. 
inoi, n. prayer ; entreaty. 
Inonira, ad. behind. 

Inii, V. t. drink. Ka mutu te inu, 

ka wahia te taha. (133) 
iinu, V. t. drink frequently. 
whakainu, v. t. give drink to. 

Inukorokoro, n. lazy felloiv ; one 
who likes eating better than 

Ingoingo, a. sharp-p)ointed. Waru- 
hia rawatia tana rakau, a ingo- 
ingo ana. 

ingoingo, n. young eel. 

■whakaingoingo, a,, whimjjering ; 
sobbing. He tamaiti whaka- 

Ingoa, n. name. Ka huaina toku 
ingoako WHakatau. (57) 

loio, a. 1 hard ; not friable. He 
ioio te oneone o te whenua nei. 
2 obstinate. Katahi te tangata 
ioio. 3 aching from weariness. 
Ka ioio oku waewae i te roa o 
te haerenga. 

lOKA, n. yoke. 

Ipo, a. pertaining to love. Ho 
waiata ipo. 

"whakaipoipo, v. t. court, as a 
lover. Kei ro whare tonu e 
whakaipoipo ana ki a Ruihi. 

ipii, n. calabash with narrow 
mouth ; bottle, or any similar 

Ira or iraira, n. freckle, or other 
natural mark on the skin. 

Iramutii, n. nep)hew ; niece. 


Iri, V. i. hang ; he suspended. E 
koe e iri iho nei ; korero iho ra. 


"whakairi, v. t. 1 hang u2J ; sus- 
pend. Me whakairi te kete ki 
runga ki te taepa. 2 impute. 

iriiri, v. t. 1 perform a certain 
ceremony over a newly-born 
child. Hence 2 baptize. 3 2^ut 
a strip on the gunwale of a 
canoe, to make both sides equal. 
Hoatu, iriiria he mea mo to 
tatou waka. 

iriiringa, n. baptism. 

Irirangi, having a divine sound. 
Tenei ano te irirangi nei nga 
kupu : he whakaaro ke ki raro. 

Iro, n. maggot ; thread-worm. 

iro, a. submissive in consequence 
of punishment. Whiua kia iro 

whakairo, v.t. carve; adorn with 
carving. Nanahu ana te whaka- 
iro o te waka na. 

44 Kaea 

"whakairoiro, v.i. deal crookedly; 

he deceitful. Ka whakairoiro 

tera a Matete i tenei takiwa; 

akuanei ka he ano. 
Ita, itaita, a. tight ; fast. Hopu- 

kia ana e te ringaringa ; na, 

itaita ana. 
whakaita, v. t. holdjast; restrain. 

E whakaita nei a Henare, e pu- 

puri nei i a ratou kia noho. 

Itau, n. girdle for the waist. 

Iti, small. Kia itiiti iho. 

•"•to, n. object of revenge. Pau ake 
ki roto ki nga puku to ratou ito. 
„ (153) SeeUto. 
Iwa, a. nine. 

I'wi, n. 1 bone. 2 tribe. 

Iwikore, a. without strength ; 

I'wituS.raro, or i-wituaroa, n. 

hack-bone. Takaliia ana e Maui 
te iwituaroa. (26) 

KS,, a verbal particle, denoting 
the commencement of a new 
action or condition, or a state 
of things new to the speaker, 
and hence it is of very frequent 
occurrence in narrative. Heke 
nei, heke nei te waka ra, a, 
ka ngaro te ihu ; ka taea te 
taingawai o te ihu, tango atu 
ki te taingawai o waenga, ka 
rere tupou te waka ra. (72)— 
When a narrative begins with 
ka, when, or as soon as, must 
be supplied in English. Ka 
noho a Marutuahu i reira, ka 
korero mai a Hotunui ki te kino 
tona iwi e noho nei ia. (141) 

Ka, V. i. take fire ; he lighted ; 
hum. Ka ake nga ahi o roto, 
tekau. Pass, kangia. Kahore 
ano a roto o te whare kia ka- 
ngia e te ahi. Tlie interior of 
the house has never yet had a 
fire htorning in it. 

kaka, a. red-hot. Apopo, kia pena 
nga kiri o o tungane ; hihl ana 
i nga kowhatu kaka o Waiko- 
rora. (83) 

Kaainga. See Kainga. 

Kaea, v. i. tvander. Kei te kaea 
ki ro ngahere 

kaeaea, n. sparrow-hawk. 

kaeaea, v. i. act like a hawk ; 
look rapaciously. E kaeaea ana 




ki te kai mana. 

KS.e5, n. 1 a freshwater shellfish. 
2 Boltenia jmchi/dermatina ; 
long-stalked marine zoophyte. 

K&ewS, a. 1 wmulering. I te 
whenua ahau e kaewa noa ana. 
2 loose ; slack. WHakakae- 
watia te taura kia kaewa. 3 
detached. Katahi ka whakakae- 
watia te kakaho ki te whanga. 

I. KahS., a. strong. Patupatua 
iho nei ia, iti ana tona kaha. 

whakakaha, v. t. strengthen. 

II. Kaha, n. 1 rope ; especially 
one on the edge of a seine. 
Ka horahia te kupenga ra, ko 
te kaha o raro, he mea pou 
ki te pou, here rawa te kaha 
ki te pou. (142) 2 lashings of 
the rauawa of a canoe. 3 noose. 
4 boundary line of land, &c. 
Tuhia nga kaha o te mara. 5 
line of ancestry; lineage. Ka 
hoki mai ki te whakataki i te 
kaha o Houmaitawhiti. (128) 

Kahaka, n. calabash. 

KahS^kaha, n. 1 astelia Solandri; 
a plant used for making snow 
sandals. 2 a kind of garment. 
Ko te pueru i waho, ko te ka- 
hakaha i roto. 

Kahaki, v. t. remove by force ; 
carry away. Kia mau te pou 
i to tatou waka, kei kahakina 
e te waipuke. 

kahaki, n. stra2) to fasten a load 
on one's back. Tea aku ka- 
haki? (R.) 

Kahararo, n. rope on the tinder 
edge of a net. 

Kaharoa, n. large seine, or drag- 

Kaharunga, 7-oj)e on the upper 
edge of a net. 

Kahawai, n. arripis solar ; a fish. 

Kahekahe, v. i. pant. 

KS,h6k6, V. slip. 

kahekoheko, n. stage projected 
from the fence of a pa, and 
slanting upwards ; called also 

KahenS, a, untied. 

Kaherii, n. spade or other imple- 
ment for working the soil. 

Kahia, n. 1 passiflora tetrandra ; 
a plant. 2 image of a human 
figure carved out of the post of 
a pa fence. 

Kahika or kS,hik§,tea, n. podo- 
carptis dacrydioides ; white 2nne. 

Kahikat5a, n. lejjtospermum sco- 
parium ; a tree. 

Kahikomako, n. piennantia co- 
ryrabosa ; a tree. 

Kahikuhiku, n. top of a tree. 
Kei runga rawa, kei te kahiku- 
hiku o te rakau na. 

Kahitua, n. a shellfish. 

Kahiwahiwa, a. intensely dark, 
Kahiwahiwa kau ana, me te 
ahua waipounamu na ano (158) 

Kahiwi, n. 1 ridge of a hill. 2 
heart or trtmk of a tree. Ahakoa 
whati te manga, e takoto ana 
ano te kahiwi. 

Kaho, n. batten for the roof of a 
liouse, &c. ; rail. 

kakaho n. reed ; culm of arundo 

Kaho, n. cask. 

Kahore (or contracted to kaore), 
ad. 1 no ; not. Kua mate 
koe ? Kahore, kei te ora ano 
au. (64) Kahore i ea te mate 
o Tuhuruhuru. (59) 2 on the 
contrary. I mea ahau he tangata 
pai koe : kaore, he tangata kino 
rawa. — Kahore ano, not yet. 
Kua mahora te kai ma te ope ? 
Kahore ano. (59) 

kahore, conj. but. Ko te tani- 
wha kua hamama haere mai te 
waha ; kaore kua tae rawa te 


hunga ra ki roto ki nga mahanga 

kahore, a. no; none. Kahore he 

tangata i runga nei? (32) 
whakakahore, v. t. deny ; refuse. 

E kore tena korero e taea te 


Kahotea, a. having battens only 
on the roof. Kei te tu kahotea 
tonu te whare. 

Kahu, n. circus Gouldii ; hawk. 

Kahu, n. 1 surface. Ka ma te 
kahu o te wai, ka pango a runga 
o te rangi. — Te kahu o te rangi ; 
tJie blue sky. 2 garment. Ka 
tango i te kahu whero, i nga 
kahu kura, me nga puahi. (95) 
Kahu-mamae ; garment sent 
to distant relatives of one who 
has been killed, to keep resent- 
ment alive. 3 membrane envelop- 
ing a foetus. 4 still-born infant. 
5 sj>i7%t of a still-born infant. 

kahu, V. i. spring ; grow. Kua 
kahu te witi. 

kakahii, n. inat made of fine flax. 
Kite rriwa atu nga tuakana, e 
horahora mai ana i nga kakahu. 
(100) (Not properly applied to 
coarser fabrics.) 

kakahu, v. t. pmt on. Kakahuria 

whakakakahu, v. t. clothe. Ka 
tahuri ia ki te paihere i aua pu 
tarutaru, whakakakahu atu ki 
ona kakahu (100) 

kahukahu, n. 1 membrane en- 
veloping af(jetus. 2 sjnrit of a 
still-born child. 

whakakahu, n. white of an egg. 

■whakakahukahu, v. t. begin to 
grow ; acquire size, used with 
reference to fruits, roots, foetus, 
&c. Katahi ano ka whakakahu- 
kahu ake nga kai o te mara 

46 Kai 

Kahili, n. form ; appearance. Me 
te kukupa te kahua. 

Kahiii, n. herd ; flock. 

Kahuirangi, n. unsettled: dis- 
turbed. Te aro ki te kai te iwi 
nei ; kahuirangi tonu. 

Kahukekgno, n. seal-skin mat. 

Kahukiwi, mat covered with kiwi 

KahukiirS,, n. 1 the atua of the 
rainbow. 2 rainbow. Ko ka- 
hukura e tiwhana mai ra. 

Kahiipapa, n. raft. 

kahupapa, v. t. bridge over. Ka 
kahupapangia ki te rakau. 

Kahurangi, a. 1 unsettled; irreso- 
lute. E kahurangi haere ana i 
runga i nga puke. 2 honour- 
able ; distinguished. He tira 
kahurangi. Compare aparangi. 

kahurangi, n. a light coloured 
variety of siliceous stone. 

Kahurapa, a. extended sideways, 
as in the buttress-like growth at 
the base of some forest trees. 

Kahtitaniko, n. mat of fine flax 
tvith ornamental border. (155) 

Kahiitoroa, n. mat covered with 
albatross' down. 

Kahu"wS,er6. n. mat covered with 
skin of dogs' tails; the same as 

I. Kai, V. t. 1 eat. Ko nga hua- 
hua, hoatu kia kainga. (60) 2 
bite. Katahi ano te ika ka kai 
ki tana matau. (117) — Kai 
upoko; curse. 

kai, n. food. Kihai i roa, ka ma- 
hora te kai, te tuna, te kumara, 
te taro. (193) 2 anything which 
is in large quantities, Nga mahi 
a te amonga o te kai nei, a te 
kaniwha, a te pere. (155) 3 
riddle ; puzzle ; toy. 

k3.kai, V. t. eat frequently. 

kftinga, n. refuse of a meal, ag 
cockle-shells, dfc, 


whakakai, ii. ornament for the 
ear. Ko nga whakakai, i nialiue 
tonu ilio. 

II. Kai, a prefix to transitive verbs 
to denote the agent. Katahi 
ka peke mai nga kai-hapai patu. 


III. KS,i, prep, for kei. 
Kai, n. jjodocarpus spicata; a tree. 
Kaia, v. t. steal. 
kaia, n. thief. 
Kaiaia, n. sparrow-hawk ; hiera- 

cidea Novce-Zealandice. 
Kaiakiko, n. wounded man. 
Kaiariki, n. the moon on the 9th 

day ; called also tamatea-tu- 

Kaihakere, v. t., stint; give tvith 

a niggardly hand. Kaua e kai- 

hakeretia tou taonga. 
Kaihau, n. 1 the tohunga who 

eats the hau, or portion set apart 

for the atua. 2 lazy fellow ; 

vagabond (lit. one who feeds on 

Kaihaukai, n. return present of 

food, &c., made by one tribe to 

Kaihe, n. ass. 
Kaihora, a. travelling beyond the 

sea ; coining from beyond the 

sea. He tangata kaihora. 
Kaihoro, v. t. 1 eat greedily. 

Kaua e kaihorotia te kai. 2 do 

hurriedly. Kei te hurihuri ma- 

rire nga whakaaro, kahore i te 

Kaihotaka, n. whipping-top. 
K^ihiiia, n. full-grown palm tree ; 

areca sapida. 
K9,ika, a. eager ; impatient. E 

kaika ana ki te haere. 
Kaikaha^ n. edges of the leaves of 

fax, which are split off and 

thrown away. 
K§,ikS,iatS,ra, v. i. commit forni- 

47 Kainga 

K9,ikS,iS.tu^, n. 1 rhahdothamnus 
Solandri ; a shrub. 2 leuco- 
pogo7i fisciculatus ; a shrub. 
Kaikaiwaiu, n. one who goes 
secretly to give information oj' 
the approach of an enemy. 

Kaikarii, v. i. sleejy. 

Kaikauau, v. t. cut off the tips of 
anything) as of hair, or branches 
of a tree, &c. 

Kaike, v. i. lie in a heap. Te 
pehanga wahie, e kaike mai ra. 

Kaikino, v. i. murder in cold 

Kaikiri, v. i. 1 cherish hostile 
feelings. Te kaikiri, he manuka- 
nuka ki nga he o mua. 2 
quarrel. E kaikiri ana NGa- 

Kaikohiire, n. a piece of wood 
the point of which is rubbed 
upon another to procure fire. 
Comp. Kaurimarima. 

Kaikomako, n. pennantia corym- 
bosa ; a tree. Na ka mate te 
ahi a Mahuika i konei, ko te 
oranga o tana ahi i whiua e ia 
ki te kaikomako. (25) 

Kaikora, n. vagabond; lazy fellow. 

Kaimanu, n. a climbing plant; 
also aka kaimanu. 

Kaimaoa, a. sapless ; dry. 

Kaimarire, a. liberal ; bountiful. 
He wahine kaimarire. 

Kaimata, a. 1 green. He rakau 
kaimata. 2 uncooked. E kai- 
mata ana nga kai ma tatou. 3 
jresh ; unwrought. I mua i te 
kaimatatanga o te oneone. 

Kaimat9,i, v. i. get one^s living by 
sponging upon others. 

KaingS,, n. (deriv. from ka, and 
so properly, place where fire 
has burnt ; hence) 1 place of 
abode ; lodging ; qxharters ; en- 
campment ; bivouac. Tatou ka 
haere ki te kainga. (147) 2 

Kaingakau 48 

unfortified place of residence, 
whether consisting of one or 
more huts. Ka hoki ano maua 
ki te haha i ia pa, i ia pa, i ia 
kainga, i ia kainga. (184) 3 
country, Nui atu te kura o 
tenei kainga i te kura o Hawaiki. 
(74) 4 with a possessive pro- 
noun, home. 

Kaingakau, v. t. p?^'i2;e greatly ; 

Kaiota, a. green ; fresh ; not 

kaiota, v. t. eat anything without 

KaipakehS,, n. a large variety of 
siveet j)otato. 

Kaipakuha, n. ^wesent given hy a 
bridegroom to the relatives of his 

Kaiponu, v. t. ^eep to oneself ; 
withhold. Aua ra e kaiponuhia 

kaiponu, a. stingy. 

Kaipuke, n. ship. 

Kairakau, a. He huka kairakau, 
a sliarp white frost. 

Kairangatira, a. admirable ; ex- 
cellent. He kairangatira te ko- 

Kairarunga, v. t. set free any- 
tliincj from effect of a charm 
by eating food over it. Ka hui- 
hui ano te ope kia mutu ra ano 
te karakia, kei kairarungatia e 
te wahine te mata o te rakau, 
kei tamaoatia hoki e te kai 

Kairawarii, n. spear in an U7i- 
finishf^d state. 

Kaireperepe, n. relation by mar- 

Kairiri, v. t. fijid fault with ; 
ojjpose. E kairiritia ana e tatou 
tenei mahi. 

Kaita, a. large. 

Kaitaka, n. 1 i7iat made of the 


finest flax, with ornamental 
border. 2 whipping-top (107) 
Kaitangata, n. turbo smaragdus; 
a shellfish. 

I. Kaitda, n. brave man; warrior. 
Ka rongo rapea te tini kaitoa 
nei. (150) 

II. Kaitoa, expressing satisfaction 
or complacency at any event, 
especially at misfortune happen- 
ing to others. It is good, &c. 
Kaitoa kia araia mai koe e te 
waipuke, kia rokohanga mai ai 
e au. 

whakakaitoa, v. i. express one's 
satisfaction at anything. 

K&iwS-e, n. floor, or deck of a 
canoe ; the same as karahd. 

Kaivrhiria, n. jtxrwsons'ia albiflora; 
a climbing plant. 

Kaka, n. 7iestor p)Toductus ; a bird. 

Kaka, a. intoxicated \vith. the ]mce 
of the tiitu. 

kaka, n. a bird ; the same as 
matuku. Ka rere i te po, ka 
whakaraoa, he kaka. 

Kaka, n. 1 single flbre, or hair. 
2 ridge of a hill. 3 garment. 
4 small seine or drag-net, which 
is managed without the help of 
a boat or canoe. 

whakakakakaka, a. covered 
ivith short irregular strijyes. 

Kaka, see under ka. 

Kakahi, n. la freshwater shell- 
fish ; u7iio. 2 a saltwater shell- 
fisli, tlie same as kokota. 

kakahi, v. t. part of the jmre 
ceremony. Ka hurihia te huri- 
hanga takapau, ruahine rawa, 
kakahi rawa, ka noa (22) 

Kakaho, n. culm of arundo con- 
spicua, or reed grass. 

Kakahu, see under kahii. 

Kakahiikura, 7nat covei-ed with 
red feathers. 

KS,kai, see under i. kai. 


KakamS,, son under kama. 

KakainS,r6ke, v. i. become fair, 
or freii Jrom rain. Ka kaka- 
niai'oke te liau nei. 

Kakani, see under kani. 

Kakano, see under kano. 

Kakapo, n. striyojys hah'optilus ; 
a bird. 

Kakapu, see under kapu. 

Kakara, see under kara. 

Kakaramu, or kakarangu, n. 
coprosma rohusta ; a shrub. 

Kakaraiiri, v. i. be dusk in the 
evening or morning. Ka kaka- 
rauri, ka tae matou ki te kainga. 

Kakari, see under kari. 

Kakariki, n. 1 small green parrot. 
2 green lizai'd. 3 a shrub. 4 

kakariki, a. green. 

Kakatai, n. a bird. 

Kakatarapo, n. a bird. 

Kakau, n. 1 stalk of a plant. 2 
liandle of a took 

Kakawa, n. s^veat. 

Kake, v. t. ascend ; climb upon, 
or over. Kakea ake te taahu o 
te whare o to tupuna o Hine- 
nuitepo. (17) 

"whakakake, v. i. assume superi- 
ority ; give oneself airs. 

Kaki, n. 1 neck. Ko nga weweru, 
he mea tapeka ki runga i te 
kaki. (146) 2 throat. Kahore 
he wai mo te maroke o toku 

Kakoa, a. full of hard fibres. He 
aruhe pai ranei, titohea ranei, 
kakoa ranei. 


kakama, a. quick ; nimble. Kia 
kakama to haere. — He ringa 
kamakama, a light-fingered per- 

Kamahi, n. weinmannia race- 
mosa ; a tree. 

Kam.ak^, n. rock ; stone. 

49 Kanewha 

KamStS-, n. end of a branch or 

l(i<f; top of a tree. 
Ka,m6, V. t. eat. 
Kamkra, n. camel. 
Kam.o, n. eydash. 
kamo, or kamokamo, v. i. 1 

wink. 2 bubble up. E kamo 

ake ana te wai o to tatou waka. 
kamonga, n. eyelash. 
Kam.okamo, n. vegetable marrow. 
Kam.u, a V. t. eat. (3 v. i. move 

the lips in anticipation of food. 
kamukamu, n. food. 
Kam.u, n. seeds of cowhage ; bidens 

Kamura, n. carpenter. 
Kam.uri, n. cooking-shed. 
Kana, or kanakana, v. i. stare 

tvildly. Kanakana kau aiaa nga 

kanakana, n. 7nesh of a net. 
whakanakana, v. i. stare. 
Kanae, n. a fish ; midlet ; mugil 

kanaenae, a. beivildered. Ka ka- 

naenae nga kanohi. 
Kanakii, n. fire. 
Kanapa, a. 1 bright. 2 consjn- 

cuous from colour. Te horo e 

kanapa mai ra, e ma mai ra. 
kanapanapa, a. dark, as deep 

water. Ko te whakamataku te- 

nei, he kanapanapa no te wai. 

Kanape, ad. not ; no. Kanape e 

haere nga tangata. 
Kanapii, a. bright ; shining. 
kanapu, n. lightning. (93) 
Kanara, n. 1 candle. 2 colonel. 
Kanekane, a. pmngent. Ka nui 

te kanekane o te auahi tupeka. 
Kanekeneke, v. i. move from 

one's place. 
Kanewha, a. 1 unrij^e. 2 under- 

done. I kanewha te kai nei ; 

kihai i puta ki tahaki. 



Kani, kanikani, v. t. 1 rub 

backwards and forwards ; saw. 

2 dance. 
kani, n. saw. 
kakanitang^a, n. commencement 

of a steej) ascent. 
Kanihi, v. t. fatcli a garment. 
Kaniwha, n. 1 barb of a fish- 
hook, &c. 2 barbed spear. (155) 
kakano, n. 1 texture of fibres in 

■wood ; grain in wood, green- 
stone, &c. 2 berries which serve 

as food for pigeons, &c. 
kakano, n. seed ; jnj). 
kanokano, a. full of small lumps. 
kanokano, n. relative living 

among a distant tribe. Ka riro 

a Te Paki ki te toro i tona 

Kanohi, n. 1 eye. 2, face. 
Kanoi, n. strand oi a cord or rope. 

E wha nga kanoi o tena taura. 
K§,nokanda, v. i. feel affection for 

an absent relative or friend. 

Kanokanoa ana au ki taku hoa 

ka riro. 
Kanon5, n. coprosma grandifolia ; 

a tree. 
Kan5ti, v. i. cover up embers ^vith 

ashes or earth. 
Kaniika, n. leptosp)ermum eri- 

coides ; a tree. 
Kanga, n. maize. 
Kanga. See ka. 
Kanga, v. t. curse. Kua kangaa 

koutou e te tini o Manahua. (85) 
kanga, n. curse ; blasphemy. 
Kangatungatii, n. verandah. 
Kao, n. dried kumara or turnips. 
kaokao, n. 1 ribs. 2 side of the 

body, of a canoe, of a hill, &c. 
Kao, ad. an abbreviated form of 

kahore ; no. 
Kaone, n. gown. 
KaorS, ad. a contracted form of 


50 Kapi 

Kapa, n. 1 rank ; row. Te kapa 

o ta ratou haka. (10) 2 play ; 

kapa, V. i. stand in a row or o-ank. 
kapakapa, v. i. 1 jmljntate. E 

kapakapa ana te tau o toku ate. 

2 flutter ; flap. He kapakapa 

tera no te manu mate e werohia 

ana. (146) 
kapakapa, n. wing. 
Kapa, n. 1 copper, 2 penny. 3 cup. 
Kapana, n. potato. 
Kapara, n. resinous wood of the 

kahikatea tree. 
Kapata, n. cu2)board. 
Kapatau, conj. if. Kapatau he 

mea pai, ka tango au. 
Kapatau, v. t., ex2Jress an inten- 
tion of doing ; th7'eaten. Kei te 

kapatau tonu ratou mo te haere. 
Kape, V. t. 1 j;ass by ; leave out. 

He aha ahau i kapea ai. 2 2^ick 

out. 3 move with the 2^oint of a 

stick, &c. 
kape, n. 1 eyebrow. Ka tu tera 

nga kape o te tangata ra. 

Spoken of fierce looks. 2 tat- 

tooiiig under the eyebrows. 3 

kapekape, n. north-west wind. 
Kapeka, n. branch of a river. 

He kapeka a Mangarangiora no 

KS,pekapeta, v. i. flutter ; tvrithe. 

KapekajDeta ana te ngarara i 

roto i te kapura. 
Kapetau, or kapekapetau, a. 

quick. Kia kapekapetau ou 

Kapene, n. captain. 
Kapi, V. i. be covered ; be filled 

up) ; be occupied. Spoken of 

any limited area. Kua kapi te 

kainga i te tangata. 
whakakapi, v. t. fill up a space. 
■whakakapi, n. one who fills the 

place of another; substitute; sue- 


Kapia, u. kauri gum ; resin. 
KS,piti, n. 1 cleft ; crevice. 2 

gorge ; narroio pass. 3 small 

bone of the arm ; radius. 
kapiti, a. shut in by hills ; con- 
fined. He whenua kapiti WHa- 

Kapo, V. t. catch at ; snatch. 
Kapo, a. blind. 
Kapo-wai, n. 1 dragonfiy. 2 

whakakapoTvai, v. t. steep in 

boiling water. Kei te tao i te 

tangata, kei te kai ; kei te wha- 

kakapowai i te upoko; ka maoa, 

kei te whakatu, ' Kei a au a 

Raumati.' (102) 
Kapu, n. 1 hollow of the hand. 

2 steel adze, so called from the 

curved shape. 
kapu, a. curly (of the haii^). kapu 

mahora, slightly curled; wavy. 

kapu mawhatii, separated into 

distinct curls, kapu piripiri, 

kapu, V. i. close the hand. v. t. 

drink out of the hollow of the 

kapukapu, n. sole of the foot. 
kapukapu, v. i. 1 curl (as a 

wave). Ka kapukapu mai te 

ngaru. 2 gush. 
kapiinga, n. jialm. of the hand. 
kapunga, v. t. take up in both 

hands together. 
kakapii, small basket for cooked 

Kapiia, n. cloud ; bank of clouds. 
kapuarangi, n. a variety of 

mata, or cutting-stone, of in- 
ferior quality. 
Kapuipui, v. t. gather up litter, 

Kapuka, n. griselinia littoralis ; a 

Kapiir^, w.. fire. 

51 Karamu 

K^purangS,, n. handful. 

kapuranga, v. t. lake up by lumd- 
fnls. Kapurangatia nga otaota 
na e ia. 

kapuranga, v. i. dawn. Ka ka- 
puranga te ata. 

KapurS,ngi, n. rubbish ; tveeds. 

I. KarS,, n. old man. Tena korua 
ko kara. 

II. Kara, n. secret plan; conspiracy. 
Kei te whakatakoto kara mo Te 
Horo kia patua. 

kakarS,, n. scent ; smell. 

kakS,rS,, n. savoury; odoriferous. 

kakara, n. p)urpura haustrum ; a 

Kara, n. 1 colour. 2 flag. 

Kara, n. basaltic stone. 

Karae, n. a bird. 

Karaha, a. tvide and shalloiv ; (of 
a vessel). 

karaha, n. calabash with a wide 
m,outh ; bowl ; basin. 

Karahi, n. glass. 

KarahS, n. floor or platform in a 

Karahu, n. oven. 

Karahiie, n. a shell-fish. 

KarS,ka, n. 1 corynocarpus Irevi- 
gata ; a tree. 2 a variety of 
greenstone ; opaque and dark 

Karaka, n. clerk. 

Karakahia, n. g7'ey duck. 

Karakape, v. t. take up hot coals 
or stones with two sticks. 

Karakia, a v. i. repeat a form of 
ivords, &c.; say prayers; per- 
form a religious service. (3 v. t. 
repeat an incantation &c. over 
a person or thing ; lead the de- 
votions q/* others. 

karakia, n. form of ivords to be 
recited : incantation ; prayer. 

Karamata, n. head oj a tree. 

Karamea, n. red ochre. 

KS,r3,mu, n. coprosma robusta, &c.; 




Karaiuuimili, v. t. swarm ujyon. 
Tau mai ana te tini o te ngaro 
ki te karamuimui i a au. (ii) 

Karanga, a v. t. call. Tikina ka- 
rangatia a Karihi. (i v. i. call 
out ; shout. Ka karanga atu a 
Tatau ki ana tamariki, ' Puru- 
purua te whatitoka me te mata- 
pihi.' (47) 

karangaranga, v. i. call fre- 

Earangata, v. i. remain silent 
when called ; probably for ' ka- 
ranga-ngata.' He tangata ka- 
rangata ; taku mahi he karanga 
ki a ia, kaore ia e whakao mai. 

Karangi, a. 1 restless ; unsettled. 
Ka mate te katua, ka karangi 
kau nga kuao. 2 irritated ; pro- 
voked. Karangirangi ki ahau. 

"whakakarangirangi, v. t. pro- 

Karangu, coprosma robusta, &c.; 

KarapE, a. squinting. He kanohi 

Karapetapetau, v. i. flutter ; 

Karapi, n. sticks used in building 
to hold reeds or rushes in jjlace. 

Karapiti, v. t. 1 jmt or Jasten 
together side by side. 2 jnnch 
between two bodies. 

karS,pipiti, a. laid one beside 

Karapoi, for the following. 

Karapoti, a v. t. surround ; hedge 
in. /S V. i. be surrounded. 

Karapu, n. north wind. He ka- 
rapu rangi tahi. 

KS,raralia, a. wide and shallow 
(of a vessel). 

Kararehe, n. dog ; quadruped. 

K§,ratiti, v. t. fasten with pins 
or pegs. Maku e karatiti mai 
te whare. 

52 Karearea 

Karati"wa, a. deep black. 
Karau, n. 1 dredge ; grapnel. 

Ma te karau e rapu ka kitea ai 

te taura o te taruke. 2. comb 

for the hair. 3 gauge for the 

meshes of a net. 4 trap made 

of loops of harakeke, to catch 

birds that burrow in the ground. 
Karaua, n. 1 old man. 2 head 

of the body. 
Karawa, n. 1 dam ; mother. 2 

bed in a garden. 
Karawa, a. covered with weals. 

Karawa ana te kiri i te tainga 

ki te rakau. 
karawarawa, n. weal; mark of 

a stripe. 
karawarawa, a. inflamed. Kia 

karawarawa kau te kiri ka pani 

karawarawa, v. t. cut into strips. 

Karawarawatia to ika ka tauraki 

ai kia maroke. 
Karawaka, n. low fever. 
Karawhiu, v. t. whirl; swing 

karawhiu, n. flail. 
Kare, n. 1 ripple. Te kare o te 

tai. 2 lash of a whip. Ko te 

kare o te wepu kia papa i runga 

i te mahunga o te Hauhau, kia 

mataku ai. 
karekare, n. surf 
karekare, v. i. 1 be agitated. E 

karekare ana te hinu i roto i te 

ipu. 2 be eager. 
whakakarekare, v. t. agitate ; 

shake uj) (of liquids). 
kare-a-roto, n. object of passionate 

aflection. Te kare-a-roto o tona 

ngakau. (132) 
Kare, n. term of address. E kare 

ma ! 
Kareao, n. rhipogonum scandens ; 

a climbing plant ; supple-jack. 
Karearea, n. hieracidea Novce 

Zelandice ; sparrow-hawk. 




K9,rSha, n. 1 the day after to- 
morrow ; 2 the day before yester- 

Karfihe, v. i. run. E karehe ra 
i niua ra. 

Karehii, for kaheru, n. spade. 

Kareka, it is well. Expressing 
satisfaction at anything. Ka- 
reka auo. 

Kareko, v. i. slip. Compare ka- 

Kareko, n. calico. 

Karemu, n. 2^iug in the bottom 
of a canoe. 

Karengo, v, i. sli]). Kei karengo 

karengo, n. an edible seaweed. 

Karepe, n. grajoe. 

Karerarera, n. a water plant. 

Karere, n. messenger. 

Kareti, n. college. 

Kareto, v. i. he untied. 

Karetii, hierochloe redolens ; a 
sweet-scented grass. 

Karewa, n. buoy. 

Kari, n. garden. 

Kari, n. isolated wood; clump of 

Kari, a V. t. dig jor. Kei te kari 
pohue hei o ki Te Taiapu. (157). 
/5 V. i. rush along violently. Ka 
kari tera te hau nei. 

kakari, v. i. 1 be urgent ; be im- 
piortunate. Ka kakari kia noho 
matou. 2 wrestle ; quarrel. E 
kakari mai ra nga tamariki, 

kakari, v. i. fight. Te whawhai 
nui he kakari ; to nga tangata 
tokorua, he kakari. 

kakari, or karikari, n. notch. 

kakaritanga, n. valley. Compare 

karikari, v. t. strip off. Haere 
ki te nehenehe ki te karikari 
aka hohou taiepa. 

■whakakarikari, v. t. notch. Me 
whakakarikari kau te rakau nei. 

K9,rihi, n. 1 stone of a fruit ; 
kernel. 2 weights attached to 
the lower end of a drag-net. 
Kua oti nga kupenga ra te tatai, 
piri atu ano nga karihi. (142) 

KS,ri6i, v. i. loiter ; idle. E tama 
e ! he aha koe i karioi tonu ai i 
te wahi na ? 

Kariri, v. i. sail together in a fleet. 
E kariri mai nga waka ra i te 

Kariri, n. cartridge. 

KARIRI, V. t. Kariri paura, make 

Karito, n. typha angustifolia ; 

Karitiiangi, v. t. dig deep. Ka 
karituangitia ki raro, ki te papa 
o te oneone. 

Karo, n. ptittosporum crassifolum ; 
a tree. 

Karo or kakaro, v. t. 1 parry ; 
avoid a blow. Kua karohia te 
matia a Tawharau. 2 2^ick out 
of a hole. Compare tikaro. 

karokaro, n. 1 slave. 2 ma- 
rauding party. 

Karoro, n. 1 sea-gull ; larus 
antipodum. 2 a kind of shell- 

Karu, n. 1 eye. Karu mowhiti, 
spectacles. 2 head. 

karukaru, n. 1 rag ; old gar- 
me7it. 2 spongy matter envelop- 
ing seeds of pumpkins, &c. 

Karuae, n. a bird. 

Karuhiruhi, n. shag ; a bird. 

Kariipango, n. 2jupil of the eye. 

Kariipe, n. lintel of a door. 

Kariire, v. t. 1 twist ; spin. E 
karure muka ana te wahine nei. 
2 scrapie out the pith of a cala- 

Karure, n. small calabash; bottle. 

Kata, n. cart. 

K^tS,, V. i. laugh. He aha tau e 
kata na 1 Passive, kataiua, be 


laughed at. Kanaka ahau e ka- 
taina e koutou, 

k9,kata, a. 1 laughing frequently. 
2 opening in cracks ; chapped. 
Kakata ana te whenua. 

katakata, a. dried up. 

katakata, v. t. dry up. Kua 
katakatangia e te ra. 

Katae, a. hoiv great. Katae te 
kakara o te whare nei ! (193) 

Katahi, conj. then. 1 Katahi ka 
rewa te taua a WHakataujDotiki. 
(41) 2 noiv for the first time. 
Katahi nei pea au ka rehea. 
(15) 3 only just. Ki te kata 
koutou i a au i te mea katahi 
ano au ka tomo ki roto ka mate 
rawa au. (29) 4 to express appre- 
ciation of any quality. Katahi 
ano te toa ko koe ! What a brave 
man you are ! 

Katao, n. water. 

Katara, n. sharp point ; prick. 

Katau, n. right hand. Tu mai 
koe ki katau. 

K3,tea, a. whitened. Ka pukai, 
ka katea ou wheua i te pare- 
kura i Rangiriri. 

katea, n. jwdocarpus dacrydioi- 
des ; a tree. 

kateatea, a. not close together ; 
scattered. Kei te kateatea tonu 
nga kete parareka i waenga. 

Katekate, n. small mat to cover 
the shoulders. 

Katete, a v. t. lengthen hy add- 
ing a piece. Ka poto te tao, ka 
katetetia atu kia roa ai. /3 v. i. 
1 move forwards. Te katete te 
alia. 2 he securely fastened. 

katete, n. 1 ^jiece joined to a 
spear to lengthen it. 2 large 

katete, a. large. Me te kuao a 
te tohora nei te katete. (155) 

Kati, V. t. hlock up ; close against 
anyone; stop traffic upon any 

54 Katore 


kati, a. shtit ; closed. Kua kati 
te kuwaha. 

kakati, v. t. sting ; cause to smart. 
Kei katia koe e te puwerewere. 

kakati, a. intense. Kakati ana 
te pouri. 

kakati, n. bundle ; sheaf. Kia 
toru kakati korari ka oti. 

kakati, v. t. tie up in bundles. 

katikati, v. i. chamj) ; move the 
jaw as hi eating. Ka kai ratou 
i reira ; pau ana a nga hoa, ka- 
tikati tonu a Tama. (78) 

Kati, V. i. leave off ; cease. A ! 
Kati te turituri. (65) 

whakakati, v. i. beg one to desist. 

kati, ad. well ; so then ; introduc- 
ing a conclusion. Kati, me 
noho au i konei. 

Katiaho, n. Portuguese man-of- 

KS,tihi, n. stack of fern-root. 

Kati PA, n. constable. 

Katip5, n. 1 venomous spider. 
2 tvasp. 

KatiramS,tS,, int. expressing sur- 

Katirehg, n. sore throat; quinsy. 

I. Kato, or kakatS, v. t. pluck. 
Katohia etahi puwha maku. 

II. Kato, a. flowing ; flood {of the 
tide only). E kore tatou e puta 
i te tai kato. 

Katoa, a. all ; the whole. Ka wha- 
katika katoa nga tangata hoko- 
whitu ki te kimi rakau. (89) 

Katoa, n. leptospermum scopa- 
rium ; a tree. 

Katoitoi, v. i. give a response. 
Kahore ano kia katoitoi ake, 
kia aha. 

Katopo, a. inclement, 

Katore, or katoretSre, a. glim- 
mering ; dimly luminous. Te 
mea e katoretore mai ra, he 




Ka,t6t6, a. not fixed ; displaced. 

KatdtS, n. cyathea Smithii ; a, 

Katiia, n. 1 full-grown animal 
or bird. Ka katuatia, ka tupu 
nga huruliuru.— Frequently used 
of the dam as opposed to the 
young. 2 stockade, or main 
fence of a pa, distinguished 
from the 'wita' and 'pekerangi' 
which were outside, and also 
from the 'parakiri,' which was 
inside. 3 mai7i po7'tion of any- 
thing, as trunk of a tree, &c. 

I. Kau, ad. alone; per se; without 
appendage, &c. Tu kau ana te 
tangata, the man was naked. 
He ipu takoto kau, an empty 
vessel. 2 only. Ko nga patu, 
he patu poto kau. (90) — I ra- 
ngona kautia e ia ki te huhu o 
te patu e haere iho ana ki tona 
angaanga. (91) 3 just. Mutu 
kau ano ta ratou haka, tino 
katanga o Kae i kata ai. (87) 
4 without hindrance. Kihai i 
taea te korikori, hahau kau 
ana te patu. (143) 5 to no pur- 
pose. A, tangi kau mai ki ana 
taonga, ki tana wahine. (71) 
6 Kahore kau, not at all. 

II. Kau, a V. i. swim; wade. Ka 
kau ia, a ka u ki te kainga o te 
WHatuiapiti. (164) — /3 v. t. 1 
swim or wade across. Te moana 
i kauia e Hinemoa. 2 stvimfor. 
Kauia to tatou waka. See kau- 
hoe and kautahoe. 

kauanga, n./ord; crossing. 
kauanga-^wai, n. 1 ford. 2 the 

part of the leg above the ankle. 
kaukau, a v. i. bathe. (3 v. t. anoint 

the head. E kaukau ana a Maru 

i tona upoko. 
kaukauranga, n. bathing-jjlace. 
"whakakau, v. t. make to swim. 
whakakau, n. charm to aid in 


Kau, n. cow. 

KauS,, ad. (imperative or optative) 
not. Kaua e kotikotia ta tatou 
ika. (22) 

Kauae, n. 1 jaw; chin. 2 wing 
of an army. 3 beam in a build- 

Kauaemila, n. one^s eldest brother 
or sister. 

Kauaeroa, n. 1 a fish; tlie same 
as hapuku. 2 party lying in 

Kauaetea, n. a kind of eel : when 
full-grown it is called whakaau. 

Kauahi, n. a piece of wood upon 
which a stick is rubbed to pro- 
cure fire. 

Kanaka, ad. not (with impera- 
tives, &c.). — When used without 
a verb, do not ; donH ! 

Kauamo, n. litter; bed arranged 
betiveen two p)oles, to carry a sick 
person on. 

Kauanga, n. the star Cafiojms ; 
also called Autahi. See also 
I. kau. 

Kauanga"wai, n. the part of the 
leg immediately above the ankle. 

Kauaua, n. hawk. 

Kaua-whi-whiwhi, v, i. approxi- 

Kauehu, a. turbid ; muddy. He 
moana kauehu. 

Kauere, n. vitex littoralis; a tree. 

kauere, a. crumpled; shrivelled. 
He kauere te tupu o te mara. 

Kauhangaroa, n. lax-leaved sub- 
variety of tihore phormium 

Kauhoa, n. litter on which a per- 
son is carried. 

kauhoa, v. t. carry on a litter. 

Kauhoe, v. i. swim. E kore ranei 
au e whiti ki te kauhoe ? (132) 

Kauhou, n. line of ancestry. Ka 
hirihiria ki te kauhou o Houmai- 


tawhiti. (127) 

Kauhoro, v, t. scrape; rub with 
anything rough. I kauhorotia 
a Hoani e te rakau. 

KS,uhua, or kauhuahua, n. 
stringboard or horizontal siijjport 
for the floor of a canoe. 

Kauhiiri, v. i. tiirn bottom up- 

KS,uika, n. 1 heap. 2 school of 
whales, <fec. 

kauika, a v. i. lie in a heap. fS 
V. t. lay in a heap. Kauikatia 
o riwai. 

Kauka, n. cordyline australis ; a 

KS,ukau, n. spear. See also under 
II. kau. 

Kauki, n. ridge 0/ a hill. 

kauki, V. i. lie in a heap. E kauki 
mai ra te kai i te rua. 

KaumahS^ki, n. brace; btittress. 

KS,umatua, n. 1 ad^dt. 2 old 
man or wom,an. ' He tira kau- 
matua, tena te haere na ' e ki 
ana ko Pararaki : a proverb for 
anything slow and sure. 

Kaunaroa, n. body of a canoe 
without the haurtii, &c. 

KaunenehQ., a. dusky. Ka kau- 
nenehu nei te pouri, ka tae mai 

Kaunihera, n. council. 

Kaunoti, n. a piece of wood which 
is rubbed briskly with another 
to procure fire. See kaurima- 

Kaunga, n. hermit crab. 

Kaungaroa, n. sidejence of a pa. 

Kauoroi, v. t. scrape. 

Kaupae, n. step of a ladder. 

Kaupapa, n. 1 level surface; floor. 
Ka rite te kaupapa o te rua ki 
te kaupapa o te awa. — He kau- 
papa haro, a clean sweep. 2 fleet 
of canoes. 3 wise man ; oracle. 
Na koutou, na nga pu, na nga 

^^ Kautona 

tohunga, na nga kaupapa. (98) 
4 original of a song as opposed 
to a parody. 5 gauge for the 
the meshes of a net. 

Kaupaparii, a. flat-roofed. 

Kauparapara, n. a fish. 

Kaupare, v. t. turn in a different 
direction ; avert. 

Kauparerarera, n. a plant. 

Kaupoki, v. t. 1 cover over. 2 

Kauranga, n. derivative from 11, 

Kaurapa, a. having broad lateral 

Kaurerehu, a. dim; dusky. 

Kaureure, n. the same as kauri- 

Kauri, n. 1 dammara australis ; 
a forest tree. 2 7'esin of the 
kau7'i tree. 3 soot from burnt 
resin, used for tattooing. 

Kaurimarinia, n. a pointed piece 
of wood, rubbed briskly on 
another to procure fire. 

Kaurii, n. head of a tree. 

Kauruki, n. smoke. 

kaurukiruki, a. smoky ; dusky. 
I te ata, i te mea e kaurukiruki 
tonu ana te pouri. 

Kauta, n. cooking shed. 

Kautahanga, a. em2Jty. Ka haere 
kautahanga tenei pouaka. 

Kautahoe, v. t. swiTn across. Na 
konei i kautahoetia ai e ia taua 
moana. (164) 

KautangS-tanga, a. moving brisk- 
ly. A hea te kautangatanga ai 

Kaute, n. account. 

Kauteatea, a. coming at intervals. 
He ua kauteatea. 

Kautete, a. Mata kautete, a wea- 
pon consisting of sharp teeth of 
flint lashed firmly to a piece of 

Kautona, n. wart. He kautona 


kei tetahi taringa o tana poaka. 
KSutuku, n. a l)ircl, tlie same as 

matuku. — Tapuae kantuku, a 

pattern or method of interlacing 

the strips of flax in the lining 

of a house. 
Kauwae, see kauae. 
Kau-whata, . . . Ki te po 

waiianga, ki te po kauwhata. 
Kauwhau, v. i. or v. t. 1 recite 

old legends and genealogies. 2 

Kawa, n. small bed in a garden. 

I. KS-Ava, a. 1 unpleasant to the 
taste ; hitter ; sour. 2 not re- 
lishing food. Na Hotunui au i 
ngare mai ki tetahi ika mana, he 
waha kawa nona. (141) 

kawa, or kawakawa, n. 1 piper 
eaxelsu'tn; a shrub. 2 sprig oi any 
tree used in karakia. He kawa 
kokomuka, he kawa aria. — Ta 
i te kawa. 1 remove the ' tapxi ' 
from a new building, part of tlie 
ceremony consisting in striking 
parts of the building with a sprig 
of kawakaiva or other shrub. 2 
ojjen a new building tvith any 
ceremony. Hence kawa, v. t. 
the same as ta % te kawa. Ka 
huihui NGatiporou ki te kawa- 
nga o to ratou whare. 

kakawa, v. i. perspire. 

kakawa, n. sweat. 

II. Kawa, n. heap. Me he kawa 

Ka'wai, n. 1 shoot or branch of 
a gourd or other creeping plant. 
2 pedigree; lineage. Takina 
ou kawai, kia mohiotia ai ou 
tupuna. 3 tentacula of cuttle- 
fish. 4. loops fiv handles of a 
kete or maori basket. 

Kawainga, n. stars which imme- 
diately precede the dawn. Ka 
hapai nga kawainga o te ata. 

Kawaka, n. libocedrus doniana ; 

57 Kaweka 

a forest tree. 

K A WAN A, n. governor. 

KAWANATAXGA, n. government. 

KawS,ri, n. a shell-fish. 

KS,wariki, n. a plant. 

KSwatau, v. i. speak frequently 
of one's intentions or expecta- 

KawatawatS,, a. 1 yearning. 
Katae te kawatawata aroha i a 
au ki taku tamaiti. 2 increasing 
gradually irom. small beginnings. 
Kawatawata marire te putanga 
mai o te hau. 

Kawau, n. graculus varius ; cor- 
morant ; shag. E noho ana te 
tangata nei, me te kawau pu 
te ahau. (138) 

Kawawa, n. palings of a fence. 

Kawe, a V. t. 1 carry; convey ; 
bring. Katahi te tangata ra ka 
kawea ki te wai e tona papa, 
ka tohia. (17) 2 fetch. Eta, 
kawea atu tetehi wai moku. 
(168) 3 ifiduce; influence. He 
kawenga na te humarietanga o 
te WHatuiapiti. (164) /3 v. i. 
shew determination ; pe7'seve7'e. 
Te whawhaitanga i whawhai ai, 
ka kawe tetehi, ka kawe tetehi. 

kawe, n. 1 handle. 2 strajjs by 
which a bundle is carried on 
the back. 3 curls of tattooing 
on the cheeks. 

kawekawe, n. tentacula of a 
cuttle-fish. E haere mai ana hoki 
nga kawekawe o te taniwha, e 
pehi ana i te waka ki raro. (no) 

Kaw^ei, n. for kaw^ai. 

Kaweka, n. ridge of a hill. 

kaweka, a. 1 long. Kaweka ana 
te tangata nei ; me te kahika ! 
2 idling. Kei nga kainga e 
kaweka haere ana. 3 rambling; 
digressing. Aua e kawekaweka 
te korero. 

Kawenata 58 

Kawenata, n. covenant. 

Ka-wenga, n. burden. See kawe. 

Ka"weru, n. bait for crayfish. 

kaweru, v. t. bait, ov furnish with 
bait. Kawerutia nga taruke. 

Kawetoweto, v. i. diminish gra- 
dually in size ; taper. 

Kawiti and Ka^witiwiti, v. i. 
taper ; dwindle. Kawiti tanga o 
te ringaringa, wrist. 

KSiWiu, V. i. be shrunk. Katahi 
ka kawiu te ringaringa. 

Kawhaki, v. t. 1 remove by 
force. See kahaki. 2 draw 
out by stratagem. E hika ma, 
kawhakina ; mana tonu e whai. 
Compare manuka'whaki. 

Kawhia, n. a fish. 

Kawhiu, a basket used in col- 
lecting paua. 

I. Ke, a. different ; strange. He 
whare ke to matou ko ou matua. 


ke, ad. 1 in or to a different 
place ; in a different direction. 
Kei Taranaki ke ratou e noho 
ana. — I anga ke te roro ki te 
tonga. 2 at a different time ; 
beforehand. Ko nga taura ano 
kua whiria ketia ra hoki, he 
rangi ke atu. 3 contrariwise ; 
differently to what one expected. 
Ko Tutamure ke i haere mai, 
he mate hoki a Te Toare. 4 
in a different character or ap- 
pearance. Puta ke, or Rare ke, 

keke, a. in a different line. Ma- 
tua keke, uncle or aunt. 

II. Ke, V. prodxice a sharp abrupt 
sound ; crack ; snap. 

keke, v. i. creak. 
keke, v. i. quack, as a duck. 
Kea, n. discharge from the nose. 
Keha, n. 1 tiirni]). 2 flea. 
Kehg, n. haplodactylus meandra- 
tus ; granite trout (Sherrin) ; a 



Kehi, n. case. 

Kehdkeho, a. very clear or trans- 
p)arent. Marama kehokeho te 

KehiiS,, n. ghost ; spirit. A mo- 
dern word. 

I. Kei, ad. 1 that not; lest, Kia 
ata tangi tatou, kei rongo mai 
aku hoa i patu i a au nei. (97) 
2 7iot. Kia manawanui ; kei 
kainga ake i muri i a au. (22) 

II. Kei, prep, (in present time). 1 
at ; on ; in. He tangata kei te 
kainga, he kawenga ano tana ; 
ko te kawenga, kei runga kei tou 
whare e takoto ana, ko ia kei 
tou nohoanga e noho ana. (85) 
2 with ; in possession of. Kei a 
au a Raumati. (102) — Koia kei 
a koe, it is as you say; — you 
have it. 3 in the act of. Kei 
te tunu kai mana. (95) 4 with 
an adjective or neuter verb, to 
denote present state, character, 
quality, &c. Kei te ora ano au. 
(65) 5 like. Ko ona niho, kei 
te koi mata. (28) 6 (after verbs 
of motion) to. Heoi ka puta te 
tupua ra kei waho o tona rua. 


III. Kei, n. stern of a canoe, &c. 
Keia, v. t. steal. 
Kei"wha, ad. 1 before. Kia ho- 

horo te whariki i te whare, kei- 
wha puta mai te manuhiri. 2 
whilst. Kia taria nga kai nei, 
keiwha noho nga tangata. 

Keka, a. 1 mentally deranged. 
2 beside oneself with grief 

keka, n. fungus of commerce ; 
hirneola ])olytricha ; called also 
hakeke, and taringa o Tia- 
kiwai. " He keka piri ki te 
hinahina ; He kai na Mangu- 
mangu ; He keka keka a !" 

Keke, a. obstinate; stubborn. 


"whakakeke, v. i. refuse to speak ; 
s/io/v oneself obstinate. 

Keke, n. armpit. See also under 

Kekeao, n. overcast sky. 

Kekeno, n. sea-lion; seal. 

Kekerep5, a. blind. Kekerepo 
ana te kanolii. 

Kekereru, n. black ivood-bug. 

Keko, a. sqiiinting. He kanohi 

whakakeko, v. i. look obliquely 
along anything. Titiro whaka- 
keko, look askance. — Whaka- 
keko pu, take aim. 

Kenepuru, n. fresh alluvial de- 
posit ; silt. 

Kenokeno, a. stinking; offensive. 
Kenokeno ana te haunga. 

Kengo, n. 1 night. 2 large white 

kengo, V. i. become night. Ka 
kengo te ra. 

Keo, n. jieak or pointed summit. 

keokeo, a. jjeaked ; poi7ited. Me 
haere ra te puke keokeo. 

whakakeo, a. rising to a peak. 
Kei te ngaru whakakeo e tere i 

keokeonga, n. peak of a hill. 

Kerakera, a. foul ; offensive. 
Kerakera ana te haunga. 

kerakera, n. anything rotten and 

Kerekere, a. intensely dark ; 
often used adverbially to in- 
tensify other adjectives, as 
pouri kerekere. 

Kerekerewai, n. numbness. 

Kerengeo, n. lump) of earth. 

Kereru, n. tvood-pigeon. 

Kereteki, n. outer fence of a pa. 

Keretti, n. 1 clod. 2 thwart of 
a canoe. 

KerewhenuS,, n. yellow clay. 

Keri. a v. t. dig. /3 v. i. rush 
along violently as wind, &c. 

69 Ki 

K6r6, V. i. blink the eyes ; tvink. 
kero, a. 1 dead. 2 maimed. He 

ringa kero. 
kerokero, v. i. wiyik frequently. 

Kerokero auau tonu nga kanolii. 
whakakekero, v. i. look out at 

the corners of the eyes. 
Kete. 1 basket made of strips of 

flax, etc. 2 belly of a net. 
Ketekete, v. i. express surprise, 

or sorrow. 
Keti, n. gate. 
Keto, a. extinguished. Kua keto 

te ahi. 
ketoketo, n. 1 sick jmrson. 2 

Ketii, a v. t. turn up with the 

snout. Kua ketua taku mara 

e te poaka. ^ v. i. begin to ebb. 

Ka ketu te mata o te tai. 
Keu, V. t. move ; and hence ^jwZ^ 

the trigger of a gun. Keua te 

keukeu, v. i. move oneself Ta- 

koto tonu te turoro nei, kahore 

e keukeu. 
■whakakeukeu, v. t. shake. 
Ke'wS-, a. extinguished. Kua kewa 

te ahi. 
Kewha, a. unsettled ; irresolute. 

E kewha haere ra i runga mau- 


I. Ki. a. full. Kua ki te ipu. 
kiki, a. 1 crowded. 2 confined ; 



whakakiki, v. t. instigate. Ka- 
tahi ia ka haere ki te whakakiki 
i tona iwi kia tikina mai taua 
iwi tutu nei kia whakangaromia. 

II. Ki, a V. t. say ; think. (3 v. i. 
speak; utter a word. Ui noa 
ki te poupou o te whare, Kaore 
te ki mai te waha. 

kiki, V. i. speak. Korero noa 
ahau, kihai ia i kiki. 


III. Ki, ad. very. Turituri ki. 

Ki, prep. 1 to. E haere ana koe 
ki hea ? E haere ana ahau ki te 
whakataki i taku kotiro. (49) 
2 iiito. Ka whiua atu ia ki te 
wai. (ill) ^towards. E liaere 
koe, ka titiro ki te putanga mai 
otera. (no) 4 against; at; 
with. Ka tango mahara ia, ka 
whawhai mai ki ona tuakana. 
(12) — Te makanga atu o te 
maipi ki nga ngarara, ki nga 
mokai katoa, kua mate. (96) 
— Ka haurangi te wahine nei, ka 
riri ki tona teina. (139) 5 for ; 
in quest of. Na Hotunui au i 
ngare mai ki te ngohi mana. (141) 

6 concerning; of; respecting. 
Ka korero mai a Hotunui ki te 
kino o tona hoa e noho nei ia. 
(141) — He whakapaenga ki te 
rua kumara na ona hoa. (136) 

7 in consequence of. He tika 
tou pouri ki taku korero. (141) 

8 hy ineans of; tvith. Tapahia 
ki te toki. (64) Q at; with; on; 
in. Ka noho a Tuau ki te kei. 
(in) — He aha ra tatou te moe 
tahi ai ki a ia?(ii) — E hoe 
koe, na, e rua ki roto, e rua ki 
waho. (in) — Ka mutu ki te 
wai, kei uta. (86) 10 accord- 
ing to. Ki tana whakaaro hoki, 
he wahine pai ia. (139) W in 
the opinion of. Ki a Tangaroa, 
me tomo te pa : ki a Rangitu, 
me tuki ata. (90) 12 in the 
event of; if. Ki te kata koutou 
i a au, ka mate rawa ahau. (29) 
13 simjDly transitive, connecting 
the verb with its object. Ka 
tango tetehi ki te maipi, me 
tetehi ; ka tango ano a Hatu- 
patu ki te maipi. (97) 

Kia, ad. or conj. 1 to denote a 
wish or proposition ; that. Kia 
ata haere tatou. Let us go 

60 Kiato 

slowly. (150) — Katahi ia ka 
mahara kia tango maminga ia i 
taua kainga. (79) 2 to denote 
a purpose or effect, that. Katahi 
ka peia atu ia kia haere atu. — 
He aha i waiho ai te manuhiri 
kia karanga ana? (168) When 
followed by ai it denotes an 
ulterior purpose, in order that. 
Me whakarite nga hoe kia rite 
rawa, kia tangatanga ai tatou 
te puta ki waho. (169) 3 to 
mark the relation between the 
subject and some future time or 
event. Kia rua nga po ki muri 
nei ka ara te marama. (54) — Kia 
ahiahi ka puta ake ai 1 Will he 
come up in the evening ? (54) 
Sometimes itmay be rendered by 
until. Kaua e kotikotia ta tatou 
ika ; engari waiho kia tae atu 
au ki te tohunga. (22) Some- 
times by when. Taihoa tatou 
e haere ki reira; hei te nga- 
huru, kia rupeke te kai ki te ha- 
poko, kia takakau. (189) 4 in ne- 
gative sentences, after kahore, 
kore, or hore. Kahore kia po 
rua. — Kahore matou i tapoko 
ki te ngahere, kore kia iti, kore 
kia rahi. — Kahore ano te manu- 
hiri kia kai. In this example, 
what would be kua in an 
affirmative sentence is kia in 
the negative. 5 in instituting 
a comparison. Kia penei te ko- 
rahi to tatou takotoranga, the 
place where we lay was as large 
as this. 

Kiaka, n. calabash. 

Kiano, ad. not yet : (only in past 
time). Kiano taku mahi i oti 

Kiato, n. thwart of a canoe. 

kiato, a. compact; in small com- 
pass. Kia kiato ! keep close ! 
Compare hiato. 


whakakiato, v. i. keep done to- 

(jather. Whakakiato tomi to iwi 

e tu ake nei. 
Kiekie, n. freycinetia Banksii ; a 

climbing plant. 
Kiha, and kihakiha, v. i. pant. 

Tu ana te kiha a tou tangata. 
Kiliai, ad. not ; only in past time 

with i. Kihai ano i taro kua 

mate. (i6o) 
Kihikihi, n. a kind of locust or 

Kiki, a. silenced hy argument. 
KiKi, n. gig. 

Kiki, kiki, see under Ki. 
Kikiporo, n. two pieces of wood 

with which time is beaten to a 

Kikimo, see under kimo. 
Kikini, see under kini. 
Kikiwa, see under kiwa 
Kiko, or kikokiko, n. 1 Jlesh. 

2 perso7i (contemptuously). He 

kiko whakarawaka, a lazy fellow; 

a vagabond. 
vrhakakiko, n. patch on a canoe, 

let in like a plug. 
vrhakakikokiko, a. feigned. 

Moe whakakikokiko, sham sleep). 
Kikdha, a. sharp-pointed. 
Kikohunga, n. gangrene. 
Kikopuku, n. 1 part of the arm 

between the shoulder and the 

elbow. 2 warrior ; brave man 
Kikorangi, n. blue sky. 
Kikorua, a. 1 twofold; double. 

2 overlaid. 
Kikowhiti, n. fore-arm. 
Kimi, n. calabash. 
Kimi, V. t. seek; look for. He aha 

tau e kimi mai nei 1 
Kimo, V. i. wink. 
kikimo, v. i. keep the eyes firmly 

kimokimo, v. i. wink frequently. 
Kina, n. echinus, or sea-urchin. 
Kinaki, n, food which is eaten 

61 Kirikiria 

I along with other food. Ka pau 

nga pata kanga kei kinaki mo 

te koura. 
kinaki, v. t. eat one kind of food 

tvith another. Kinakitia o ka- 

pana ki te ika, 
Kini, or kikini, v. t. 1 nip; 

pinch. 2 pinch off. Kinitia mai 

tetahi wahi o te torori na ki 

a au. 
'Whakakini, v. i. wi7ik signifi- 
cantly, or give an intimcttion 

with the eyes. He korero ma- 

minga nana ; i whakakini mai 

hoki ona kanohi, moku kia no- 

Kino, a. evil; bad; hateful; when 

preceded by ka or kua, cor- 

r7i2)ted ; damaged. 
kino, ad. with ill usage. I haere 

noa atu nga herehere, ehara i 

te mea i toia kinotia e te pakeha. 
kino, V. t. dislike ; hate. E kore 

oti koe e kinongia, ina penatia 

tau mahi 1 
whakakino, v. t. pronounce bad; 

treat with co7itempt. 
KiNGi, n. king. 
Kiokio, n. 1 the moon on the 

36th day. 2 lomaria jjrocera ; a 

Kiore, n. rat; moitse. 
KiPA, n. sjjur. 
Kiporo, a. blunt-pointed. 
Kirea, n. land exhausted by Jre- 

quent crojyping. 
Kirehe, n. dog. 
Kiri, n. skin; bark. Ehara i te 

tu-a-kiri o te tangata nana i 

inoi atu ; kahore, na te puku 

nui. Kiri-ka ; fever. 
kirikiri, n. gravel. 
Kirihaunga, a. unsuccessfd in 

Kirikiria, a. soiled. Horoia te 

oneone o tou kaka; ka kirikiria 



Kirikopuni, n. a kind of eel. 

Kirikotea, a. fair in complexion. 

KiRiMiNi, n. agreement. 

Kiripaka, n. flint ; quartz. 

Kiritai, n. sixice immediately out- 
side the fence of a jja. 

Kirit6a, a. ivhite-skinned ; fair. 
He pakeha ia ; ina hoki he kiri- 

Kiritona, n. ivart; excrescence on 
the skin. 

Kiriuka, a. unflinching. I wha- 
karongo kiriuka etahi. 

Kiriwai, n. inner skin. 

Kiri-whero, a. fl^orid in com- 

Kita, ad. tightly ; fast. Mau kita 
taua maia i nga taura a taua 

Kite, V. t. 1 see ; knoiv; jjerceive. 
Kua kite mai tana wahine i a 
ia e haere atu ana. (ii8) 2 find 
out; discover. Ka rapua e ratou 
he tikanga hei mamingatanga 
ma ratou i a Kae, a ka kitea. 


"whakakite, v. t. reveal ; disclose. 

Ki"wa, V. i. shut the eyes ; wink. 

kiwakiwa, a. gloomy; sad. He 
kiwakiwa no roto i a au. 

whakakikiwa, v. i. ^-eep the eyes 
firmly closed. Ka whakakikiwa 
ona kanohi i te mamae. 

Kiwei, n. loop or handle of a 
basket. Hapainga ki te kiwei. 

Kiwi, n. afteryx; a bird. Kahu- 
kiwi, garment covered with kiwi 

whakakiwi, v. i. look aside. Ka 
whakakiwi nga kanohi i runga 
i te peke. 

I. K6, a particle used before pro- 
per names and personal pro- 
nouns, and also before common 
nouns when they are preceded 
by te or any of its compounds, 
to, toku, ta matou, &c. 1 to 

62 Ko 

give emphasis, and hence fre- 
quently to denote the predicate. 
Ko koe tonu te wai i haere mai 
ai ahau. (169) — Ko takru potiki 
te tangata nei. (17) 2 to direct 
attention to the subject about 
which something is about to be 
said, when the words ' as for ' 
may be supplied in English. Ko 
Maketu pa, e tu kau ana. (81) 
— Ko te haerenga mai o Paoa, i 
haere mai i runga i a Kahu- 
nunu. (184) 3 to specify par- 
ticularly what has been already 
alluded to in a more general 
way ; and so also to indicate 
or enumerate the individuals 
signified by a dual or plural 
pronoun. Tera ano tetahi pa 
nui onamata, ko Maungawhau. 
(166) — NGa ingoa o nga waka 
nei na, ko te Arawa, ko Tainui, 
ko Matatua, ko Takitimu, ko 
Kurahaupo, ko Tokomaru, ko 
Matawhaorua. (69) — Ko Rauka- 
tauri ratou ko Raukatamea, ko 
Itiiti, ko Rekareka. (36) 
II. Ko, prep, with reference to 
future time. 1 to. Ko hea koe 
e haere na ? 2 at. Ko reira au 
tu ai, kia tae ake ano koe. 

I. K5, a wooden implement for 
digging or planting, sometimes 
used as a weapon of war. Ka 
werohia ki te ko. 

ko, or k6k5, v. t. dig or plant 

with a ko. Me koko aku tinaku. 

— ' Rahirahi, ko : matatoru, ha- 

ruru tu.' 
koanga, n. sowing time. Take 

koanga ; whakapiri ngahuru. 

II. K6, n. gi7-l ; used only in ad- 
dressing. E ko ! — E ko ma ! 

III. Ko, n. 1 yonder p)lace. E haere 
ana ahau ki ko, i a Rewa ma. 
2 distant point of time. A ko 
ake nei, hereafter. 


IV. K6, V. i. jjut out the lips in 

contempt. Ko ana nga ngutu. 
koko, V. i. make a rtimbling noise. 

Koko ana toku manawa. 
koko, n. 1 jjrosthemadera Novce- 

Zelmidi(e ; 'parsoti-hird. 2 net 

for catching kehe. 
kok5, V. i. chmuit for the purpose 

of keeping the guard awake in 

time of war. 

I. Kda, a. glad ; joyful. Ka koa 
te iwi ra ki te kai mana. (142) 

II. Koa, ad. intensive. 1 indeed. 
Kihai koa i taro, ka puta atu ki 
te taua a Uenuku raua ko Toi. 
(66) 2 in entreaty. E hoa, 
kau mai koa ki konei. (120) — 
He aha koa ? What matters it 1 

K6a, see ko"wa. 

Koae, see kowae. 

Koaha, a. abortive ; shed before 
maturity. He koaha te witi nei. 

Koaka, n. 1 calabash. 2 coarse 
mat, made of flax-leaves. 3 to- 
tara wood of dark colour, but of 
inferior quality. 

Koanii, n. cold. 

Koangaumu, n. charm for depriv- 
ing one's enemies of strength. 
He ika koangaumu, a fish made 
use of in the ceremony of ' pure- 
waka.' I taona te ika koanga- 
umu, ma nga tangata nana te 
waka 6 kai. 

Koangi, a. cool. Engari a konei 
e koangiangi ana te hau. 

koangi, n. diarrhoea. 

koao, koaoao. See ko"wao. 

Koara, v. i. be sjMt oioen. Kua 
koara te rakau nei. 

Koare, n. panax Edgerleyi ; a tree. 

koareare, n. 1 root of raupo. 2 
panax Edgerleyi ; a tree. 

Koaro, a. inverted ; turned right 
round; inside out; upside down. 
Huri koaro, turn inside out. See 
also under Kowaro. 

63 Koha 

KoS,tS,, n. spy-glass. 

KoATi, n. goat. 

KoS,u, n. graculus varius ; shag. 

ko3,uau, n. a kind of musical in- 
strument played with the nose. 

Kde, pron. thou. Dual, korua, 
Plural, koutOU. After the pre- 
positions a, o, ma, mo, na, no, ta, 
to, koe becomes u, and the 
preposition and pronoun are 
written as one word, thus, au, 
tou, &c. 

Koe, koekoe, v. i. scream as a 

whakakoekoe, or -whakoekoe, 
V. t. tickle. 

K6eae,n.afish; a variety of ^ramie 

Koeata, n. frst spirouts oj fern 
after the stalks have been burnt. 

Koehoperoa, n. cuckoo ; the same 
as koekoea. 

Koeke, n. 1 old man ; adult. 2 

Koekoea, n. larger cuckoo. 

Koeo, a. 1 offensive in smell. Kua 
pirau pea te kai nei, in a ka puta 
te koeo. 2 ivasting. He mate 

K6era,a. 1 5roA;ew (of clouds). Ka 
koera te rangi ; meake ka rangi 
ataahua. ^ fearful ; frightened. 

Koero, n. sickness. 

Koetoeto, n. dry twigs. Tera he 
koetoeto, hei mea kora ma tatou. 

Koha, n. 1 p)arting instructions. 
Tenei taku koha ki a koe, kei, 
hopu tou ringa ki te aka taepa, 
engari ki te aka matua. (48) — 
Heoi te koha, a taua tangata i 
te matenga, kia pai tatou te 
noho. 2 respect ; regard. He 
koha ki a Te WHerowhero i 
whakarerea ai te pakanga. 3 
present ; gift. He koha tena 
naku ki a koe. 4 endeavour ; 
effort. Kia puta te koha. 5 


deficiency. E wha te roa o te 
rakau; kahore he koha. 6 s2:)ot; 
scar; defect. 

kohakoha, a. diminished. Ka ko- 
hakolia nga kai o te rua. 

Kohaha, v. t. pt'epare fish for dry- 
in(/ by removing the bones. 

kohaha, n. fish with the bones re- 
moved, ready for drying. 

Kohaia, n. girl. 

Kohamo, n. back of the head. 

Kohanga, n. nest. 

Kohanga-weka, a. disordered; 
ragged. Kua kohangaweka nga 
raupo i te hau. 

Kohari, v. t. mash. Koharitia nga 

kohari, n. mess of mashed food. 

koharihari, v. i. be in pain. E 
koharihari ana a roto o toku 

Kohatu, see kovrhatu. 

Kohau, a V. t. speak freqxiently oi 
what one intends or expects. 
/? V. i. sine} without an object, as 
when travelling alone, &c.; re- 
garded as a bad omen. 

I. Kohe, V. i. talk nonsense ; jabber. 

II. Kohe, n. 1 passifiora tetandra ; 
a climbing plant. 2 dysoxylon 
spectabile ; a tree. 

kohekohe, n. dysoxylon spectabile ; 

a tree. 
Koheka, see kowheka. 
Kohengi, or kohengihengi, n. 

wind. Ka tika te kohengihengi 

e ihi mai nei. 
Kohepi, n. flower of kohekohe. 
Kohera, see ko"whera. 
Kohere, v. t. pound fern root into 

a cake. Kei te kohere aruhe a 

Tatua ma. 
kohere, n. ccoke of pounded fern- 
Koheriki, n. 1 angelica rosafolia ; 

a plant. 2 bidens p>ilosa ; a plant. 
Koherxi, n. a fish. 

64 Kohu 

Kohl, or kohikohi, v. t. collect ; 

kohi, n. wasting sickness. 
kohia, V. i. be emaciated. 
Kohi, n. 1 dark mud used for 

dyeing black. 2 heavy rains in 

early winter. Te kohi o Autahi. 
K5hia, n. jyassiflora tetrandra ; a 

climbing plant. 
K6hi-a-kik6, n. wasting sickness. 
Kohihi, n. a bird. 
kohihi, V. i. dart along. 
KohikohikS, v. t. do irregularly, 

a bit here and a bit there. Kati 

te kohikohiko; me whakatepe 

atu i konei. 
Kohiku n. 1 a kind of mat. Ka 

takoto nga taonga mo Paoa, ko 

te pueru, ko te kohiku. (190) 2 

sjjit to roast birds on. 3 reflected 

Kohine, n. girl. Anana ! ta te 

kohine pai ! (170) 
Kohoho, n. solanum aviculare ; a 

Kohoi, a. thin ; lean. 
Kohoka, n. spit for roasting birds. 
Kohoperoa, n. cuckoo. 

I. Kohii, n. fog ; mist. 

II. Kohii, or kokohu, a. somewhat 
concave ; bent or warped so as to 
become concave ; sheltered from 
wind, &c. Engari a konei, e 
koangiangi ana te hau, tena ko 
tua, he kohu rawa. 

kohukohu, n. 1 chickweed ; stel- 
laria sp. 2 a kind of moss. 3 
a kind of seaweed. 

kohu, V. t. cook in a hangi any 
article co7itained in a hollow ves- 

III. Kohii. 
kohukohu, v. t. curse. Part of 

the 'pure' ceremony for a newly- 
made canoe was called 'whaka- 
mama i te kohukohu ruahine.' 




Kohiia, n. 1 maori oven. 2 boiler. 

Kohue, n. lioUer. 

kohuehue, a. fat. 

Kohuhu, n. pittosporuTn tenuifo- 
lium ; a tree. 

Kohuhiitanga, n. head of a 

Kohukohu, see uiider Kohu. 

Kohumu, n. land from which the 
fern, &c., has been burnt off. 

kohumuhumu, a. shorn close. 
Kohumuhumu kau ana te mahu- 
nga o Te Puri. 

kohumuhumu, v. i. 1 whisper. 2 

KohixngahiingS,, a. crushed. Ko- 
hungahunga ana tera, nakunaku 
noa ilio. 

kohungahunga, n. infant. 

Kohura, v. i. appear above ground, 
spirout lop). E kohura ake ana 
te tupu o te riwai i rare i te 

Kohiirangi, n. a parasitical plant. 

Kohure, v. t. 1 tur^i up what is 
beneath the surface. Ka kohu- 
rea te oneone ki te puka. 2 take 
out the bones of birds, itc. Kohu- 
rehurea a tatou kukupa. 

kohure, a. consincuous. Ka ko- 
hure a Paoa. 

kohure, n. fireimod. 

I. Kohuru, n. sapling. 

II. Kohuru, V. t. 1 murder. Ka 
kohurutia aWahieroa eMatuku- 
takotako, ka mate. (54) 2 ill- 
treat grievously. E aue haere 
ana mo te kohurutanga e ana 
tamariki. (13) 

Kohutuhutu, n. fuchsia excorti- 

cata ; a tree. 
I. Koi, sharp. 
koikoi, a. 1 somewhat sharp. 2 

koinga, n. jyoint; edge. 
-wha,'k.ak.oi,v.t. sharp en. WHaka- 

koia .taku toki ki to hoanga. 

II. K6i, con j. 1 wliilsf. Haere koe 
koi awatea. 2 for kei. 

III. Koi, ad. 1 almost. Koi rarua 
ai koe ; you almost got into trou- 
ble. 2 not. Koi paruparu, koi 
aha ; no mud whatever. 

Koia, ad. 1 expressing assent, it 
is so. 2 interrogatively, express- 
ing surprise, indeed ? — is it so ? 
'E hoa,koTakakopiri.' 'Koia?' 
'Ae, kua kite au : i tae ake ano 
ki Hauraki ra.' (147) 3 in in- 
terrogative sentences, giving em- 
phasis to a question. Ko taku 
hoa koia tau e patai mai na ? ( 1 4 7 ) 
4 for ko ia, it is that. Koia 
tonu ta maua haku ki nga ta- 
ngata. Our ground of comjdaint 
against the men is just that. — 
Koia ahau te haere ai. That is 
the reason why I did not go. 


whakakoikoia, v. t. instigate. 

Koiata, v. i. throiv uj) a new shoot. 

Koihi, a. verandah. 

koihiihi, a. red^iced to splinters. 
Kua koihiihi te rakau. 

koihiihi, v. i. thrill with fear. 

Koihu, n.pittospoi'um tenuifolium; 
a tree. 

Koikara, n. finger. 

Koinaka, ad. expressing assent; 
contracted from koia naka. 
See koia. 

Koinei, and koineki, ad. ex- 
pressing assent, contracted from 
koia nei and koia neki. See 

Koinga, n. a kind of shark. See 
also under koi. 

Koingo, a. yearning ; fretting. 
E koingo ana toku ngakau ki 
toku hoa ka riro. 

Koipuipu, a. 1 footsore ; blistered. 
2 overcast with clouds. Ka koi- 
puipu te rangi. 

I. Koiri, V. t. 2}la7it potatoes, &g. 




II. KSiri, V. i. 1 hend the body. 
2 move to and fro. 

koiriiri, v. i. writhe. 

Koiro, n. conger eel. 

whakakoiro, v. t. make crooked 
or torfiious. 

Koitareke, n. Xeiv Zealand 
quail; coturnix Novk Zea- 

Koiwi, n. 1 skeleton. He ana 
koiwi. (155) 2 strength. 3 in- 
tensity. To te mate koiwi! 4 
jjerson ; felloiu (contemptuously). 
Te koiwi kurapa! the idle fel- 
low I He pure koiwi ; food 
cooked as an offering to the 
spirits of the dead. 

Koka, n. a coarse mat. 

I. Koka, n. mother. 

II. Koka, a. dried up. Kua ko- 
katia nga kumara. 

Kokako, n. collceas cinerea, or 
Xew Zealand crow. 

Kokari, n. new potatoes. 

Kokau, V. t. plant in ordinary 
soil. Ka koia te kumara ki ro 
oneone kaore he kirikiri, he 
kokau tena. 

kokau, a. roughly made; un- 
finished. Ta matou waka, he 
kokau; ta koutou, he mea ata 

Koke, V. i. move forivards. Ka 
whanatu ka haere, ka koke te 

K6ke, V. i. creak. 

I. Kokeke, n. mussels taken f-om 
the shell. 

II. Kokeke, v. i. wind about. Ko- 
keke atu kokeke mai nga piko o 
te awa. 

KokewS,, V. i. ivander. 

I. Koki, n. 1 a7igle ; corner. 2 
small canoe. 

II. Koki, V. i. move ahead as a 
canoe. Kokinga-waru, food of 
indifferent quality., such as is 

eaten in time of scarcity, food 
not being plentiful in the eighth 

I. Koki, V. i. sing in early morn- 
ing. Ka koki te manu ka 
haere maua. 

II. Koki, n. bottle made from 
seaweed, or from the stomach 
of a shark. See kokihi. 

Kokihi, V. i. shoot; begin to grow. 

kokihi, n 1 tetragonia expansa; 
Neio Zealand spinach. 2 a 
shrub. 3 bottle made of seaweed. 

Kokiki, n. fragments of wood and 
rubbish brought down by floods 
and washed up on the sea 

Kokiri, a v. t. dart; throiv or 
p^lsh any long body end fore- 
most. Kokiri tia te hoe ki uta. 
fB V. i. dart or rush forward; 
charge. Kokiri! kokiri! 

kokiri, n. 1 spear. 2 body of 
men rushing forwards. Tokoiwa 
te kokiri a Rapata, kotahi te- 
kau ta Piki kokiri. 3 a fish. 

I. Koko, n. shovel ; spoon. Te koko 

o te pokohiwi, the shoulder- 

koko, V. t. take up with a shovel 
or spoon. Kokoa nga waro ki 
roto ki nga kete. 

kokonga, n. corner. 

■whakakoko, v. i. move sideways. 
WHakakoko ana te haere o te 
tamaiti kei kitea tana aporo. 

II. Koko, a. rotten. 

Koko, V. i. make a rumbling or 

gurgling noise. Koko ana toku 

Koko, n. 1 prostheiyiadera Xovck 

Zecdandice, a bird. 2 net for 

catching kehe. 
Kokohu, see under kohu. 
K5k5inako, n. anthornis mela- 

neura ; bell-bird. 
Kokomo, see under komo. 




Kokomtika, u. veronica salicl- 

/olia, &c. He kokomuka tu 

tara whare ; a stay-at-home. 
Kokopa, see under kopa. 
Kokopi, see under kopi. 
Kokopii, n. 1 c/alaxias fasciatus; 

a small fresh-water fish. 2 a 

kind of eel. 
Kokoreke, n. coturnix Novoi 

Zealandke ; a kind of quail, Ko- 
koreke pu-ohorere. 
Kokorimako, n. anthoi^nis me- 

laneura ; hell-bird. 
Kokoromiko and kokoromu- 

ka, n. veronica salicifolia, &c.; 

Kokoru, see under koru, 
Kokotonga, n south-ivest ivind. 
Kokota, n. a bivalve shellfish. 
Kokoti, see under koti, 
Kokouri, n. haziness caused by 

smoke, tfec. 
Kokowai, n. earth from lohich 

red ochre is procured by burn- 
ing ; red ochre. 
Koma, n. 1 a kind of stone. 2 

axe head, or other imjdement 

made of this stone, 
Koma, a. pale; whitish. 
Komae, a. shrunk; blighted. Ka 

komae noa te tupu o te kai. 
komae, n. jMtatoes, &c., withered 

in the sun. 
Komam.a, v. i. run or/all thi-ough 

a smcdl aperture; leak. 
K6m,anga, n. elevated stage for 

storing food upon. 
Kom.aoa, a. bare of skin ; idcer- 

ated. He komaoa kei te ma- 

Komaru, n. 1 sun. 2 sail., v. t. keep fire alight by 

burying it in embers. Me ko- 

mau ta taua ahi. 
K6m6, V. i. 1 move the jaiv as in 

eating ; close the mouth or lips. 

Te komenga o nga ngutu. (153) 

2 take food; eat. 

kSme, n. food. 

komekom.e, v. i. inove the lips as 
in speaking. 

Kom.eke, n. pounded fern-root. 
E ruke ana i te komeke ki ta- 
haki. (190) 

K6mem.e, a. 1 burst inwards; 
stove in. 2 thin and yielding ; 
easily cojnpressed as a calabash, 
ikc. 3 Contracted by cold. Ka 
whakakomemetia te ringa. 

Kom.iri, v. t. 1 rub with the hand 
or fingers; separate the grain 
of maize by rubbing with the 
hand. 2 sort. Komiritia a ta- 
tou purapura. 

Komiro, a. whirling; or moving 
spirally, as a current. 

kom.ir6miro, n. ptetroica toitoi; a 

KoMiTi, n. committee. 

K6m.6, or k6k6m.6, v. t. thrust 
in; put in; insert. Ka komo- 
tia te tata a Turi, ka ehua te 
wai. (hi) 

kokom.o, n. contribution by ivay 
oj acknoivledgement on the part 
of people to whom a hakari is 
is given. 

Komore, n. ornament for the 

Komuhumuhu, see kohumu- 

Komurii, v. t. 1 rub off. Komu- 
rua nga tupu, nga weuweu. 2 
make sujyple by rubbing. 

Kom.utu, V. t. surprise; inter- 
cept. Kia tupato : meake ra ko- 
mutua mai tatou. 

kom.utum.utu, n. a fish. 

I. Kona, n. 1 that place, near or 
connected with the person 
spoken to. 2 that time. 3 that 

II. Kona, n. lower part of the ab- 
domen. (128) 



konakona, v. t. smeU. 

konakona, n. 1 savour. 2 affec- 

Konae, n. 1 turning in a path. 
2 small basket woven from strips 
of flax. 3 belly oi a fishing net; 
the same as ngake. 

Konaki, v. i. feel affection for 
one who is absent. 

konakitanga, n. corner. 

Konana, a. slanting ; out of the 
pei'pe7idicular. Ka poupou te 
aho, ka rere te kupenga: ka 
konana, e kore e rere. 

Konao, n. 1 maori oven. 2 

Konapu, a. shining. Ka konapu 
mai, whero tonu. 

Konattinatu, v. t. mix up. Ko- 
natunatua te huka ki roto ki 
te paraoa. 

Konei, n. (implying nearness to, 
or connection with the speaker) 
1 this place. 2 this time. 3 
this circumstance. 

Koneke, v. i. slide along. WHa- 
katakotoria he rango kia ko- 
neke ai te waka. 

koneke, n. 1 sledge. 2 figure- 
head carved on the body of a 
canoe; the same as toiere. 

konekeneke, n. mat with thrums 
made of strips of tlie flax leaf 
scraped only at intervals. 

Konene, n. stranger ; wanderer ; 
person belonging to a tribe which 
has been broken up and scat- 

Konenehu, a. resembling dust. 
He ua konenehu. 

Konewa, n. song heard in a 
dream, regarded as a bad omen. 
Te konewa, he waiata i te po, 
he mea mate. 

Konewha, v. i. 1 close the eyes 
gradually, the eflfect of drowsi- 
ness. Ka konewhanewlia aku 

68 Kongangi 

kanohi. 2 wander. 

Koni, V. i. move; alter one's posi- 
tion. Me koni mai ki tenei 

Konia, n. canoe. 

Konihi, a. 1 stecdthy ; avoiding ob- 
servation. E whakataka ana 
te ara konihi o Te Puhihuia 
ratou ko ona hoa. (170) 2 
murdering by stealth. Mau tonu 
te konihi, te kohuru a Wai- 

Konini, n. fuchsia excorticata; a 

Kono, 1 small basket for cooked 
food. 2 be7td of a river. Kotahi 
kono ka tae ki te ngutuawa o 

konokono, a. deep and narroiv, 
of a vessel ; opposed to karaha. 

Konohi, a. 1 feeling strong affec- 
tion for an absent relative or 
friend. Ka puta mai te kono- 
hinohi aroha o te tuahine ki a 
ia. (32) 2 longing. He konohi 
no raua kia awe raua te whaka- 

Konohi, the same as kanohi. 

Kononi, a. crooked. 

Koniii, n. thumb. 

Koniiini, a v. t. fold; double ; /? 
V. i. take a backward course. 
Ka konuminumi te auahi, ka 
hoki iho : said of a smoky chim- 

Konga, n. live coal; charcoal. 

kongakonga, a. crumbled into 

kongakonga, n. crumb; frag- 

Kongahu, n. stone. 

Kongange, v. i. blaze. E kore e 
kongange te kanaku (R.) 

kongange, a. weak. 

kongangengange, v. i. turii on 

Kongangi, v. i. creak. WHaka- 

Kongehe ' 69 

roncjo ilio ki nga papa o te waka 
ra, ka kongangi. (177) 

Kongehe, a. feeble; tvithout 
strength. Kongehe noa ilio tona 
haere i te kawenga a te welii. 

Kongenge, a sinking; exhausted. 
He mate kongenge, a death from 
disease, as opposed to a violent 

Kongio, V. i. be shrivelled up. 
Kua kongio ke te kapana. 

Kongohe, a. pliable. Aka ko- 
ngohe; the name of a climbing 

Kongu, a. cloudy. He rangi ko- 

kongungu, n. small kumara. 

Kongunu, a. broken half through. 

Kongutu-awa, n. mouth of a 

KooTi, n. court. 

Kopa, a. mimbed, stiff. He kopa 
nga waewae. 

Kopa, or kokopa, a. 1 bent. 
Kua kokopa noa te taupoki. 2 
crippled; lame. 3 of the wan- 
ing moon. Kihai i kopa te ma- 
rama, kua kitea tona hapu. 

kopa, or kopanga, n. 1 angle; 
corner. Tenei ka noho i te 
kopa whare. 2 (kopa) native 

kopakopa, a. wrinkled; creased. 
He kopakopa nga rau o tenei 

kopakopa, n. a species of jij^aw- 

■whakakopakopa, v. t. fold up. 

Kopae, a. 1 lying sideways, or 
broadside on. 2 having the en- 
trance at the side. Ko tona 
whare, he whare kopae. (38) 

kopae, n. 1 small basket for 
cooked food. Ka kohia te kai 
ki te kopae; ka ki te kopae, ka 
tapaea. 2 house ornamented 


with carved work. 

KopSkS,, V. i. be short of a thing; 
he in want. 

KopS,ki, v.t. wrap; envelop. 

kopaki, n. husk; envelope. 

kopakipaki, n. maize. 

K5pak6, n. back of the head. 

Kopana, a v. t. 1 push. Kopana 
ana te ringaringa a tera ki a 
au. ^incite; urge, (iw.i.feel 
a desire. Katahi ka kopana ake 
te hinengaro ki te kai. 

Kopani, v.t. 1 sMit to; of a lid 
or door fitting into an opening, 
but not sliding or turning on 
hinges. Kopania mai te tau- 
poki. 2 shut up ; close up. 3 
enclose; shut in. 

kopani, n. door or board closing 
the entrance to a kumara pit, 

Kopaopao, n. a kind of eel. 

Kopapa, n. 1 small canoe. 2 

K5par3,, n. anthornis tnelaneura ; 
bell-bird, especially the female. 
The same as korimako. Iti 
te kopara, kai takirikiri ana i 
runga i te kahikatea. 

Kopare, v.t. shade or veil the 

kopare, n. shade for the eyes; 

Koparu, a. crushed; mashed. Kua 
koparu nga kapana. 

Kopata, n. dew. 

kopatapata, a. falling in drops. 

Kope, or kopepe, a. 1 in a soft 
7nass; pulpy. He mea penu nga 
kapana kia kope. 2 pliable. 

kope, n. pistol; revolver. 

Kope, v.t. wrap in leaves in pre- 
paration for cooking. 

kopekope, v. i. shake or flap in 
the wind, as a sail. E kope- 
kope ana nga ra o te poti. 

Kopehupghu, v.t. strike down; 


smash. Akuanei koe tikina atu 
ai, kopehupehua ai. 

Kopeka, v. t. 1 deceive. 2 ob- 
struct. 3 render useless; spoil. 

"whakakopekapeka, v. t. hinder 
tvith unnecessary trijies. 

Kopeke, a. cold. 

Kopenupenii, v. t. crtijnjjle; crush. 

Kopepe, V. t. fluch. Na wai taku 
hue i kopepe? 

Kopepe, see under kope. 

Kopere, n. sling, consisting of a 
string attached to a stick. 

kopere, v. t. 1 sling. 2 throw 
violently. Ka koperea te waka 
e te au. 

Kopeti, a. looped. Ka mahi ia i 
te whanake, kei te whakakopeti 
mai, ka taia he niahanga. (7) 

Kopi, a. doubled together by 
means of a liinge or joint; shut ; 

kokopi, V. t. double together two 
parts of anything by means of 
a hinge; sJiut. Kopia iho te 
taupoki te pouaka. 

Kopia, n. kernels of karaka or 
corynocarpus Icevigata, prepared 
for eating. 

Kopiha, n. 1 pit for storing pota- 
toes or taro. 2 pool of water. 

Kopiko, V. i. go cdternately in op- 
posite directions. Kopiko mai, 
kopiko atu, kahore matou i kite 
i te ara. 

kopikopiko, a. going cdternately 
in opposite directions. He ara 

Kopio, a. aback; filled with wind 
from cdiead. 

Kopipi, a. 1 weak; frail. He 
ko])ipi te rakau na: kei whfiti. 
2 flaccid; ivithered. Kahore e 
pai te hue na, he kopipi. 3 
timid. He ngakau kopipi; e 
kore e manawanui. 

Kopipiri, a. crowded close to- 

70 Kopupungavirha 

qether ; confined. 

Kopiri, a. crippled; lame. 

Kopiro, V. t. duck; put another 
person's head under water. Kua 
kopiroa te tamaiti e tona tua- 

kopiro, a. 1 steejMcl in water. He 
kaanga kopiro. 2 07i the same 
level; without rajnds. Ka haere 
atu ki te mutunga mai te 
tutanga kopiro o te wai nei. 

Kopiti, a. shut up; closed. 

whakakopiti, v. t. close. Whaka- 
kopititia te waha. 

Kopito, n. pain in the abdomen. 

Kopiupiu, V. i. swing; oscillate; 
move to and fro. Kopiupiu noa 
ana te waka i te akinga a te 

Koporo, a. truncated; having the 
end cut off abruptly. He waka 
koporo, a square-sterned canoe. 

Kopu, n. 1 belly; womb. Ka 
nui haere te man:iae ki tona 
kopu. (127) 2 a kind of mat 
used as an inner garment. Ko 
te kahakaha i waho, ko te kopu 
i roto rawa. 

Kopu, a. Ifull; filled up. Kaore 
i tiketike ake te koputanga te 
rua kai. 2 blistered. 

kopupu, a. having the skin raised 
in blisters. 

Kopua, a. deep>; of water. 

Kopuha, n. small house. 

Kopuhuri, n. arrijns salar, a fish ; 
the same as kahawai. 

Kopiika, a. sjoongy ; shrivelled. 

Kopiike, v. t. throiv iip the soil 
into hillocks preparatory to 

Kopuku, n. a closely-woven mat. 

Kopiini, a. in a body; all to- 
gether. Kia kopuni te haere, 
k;iua e takitahitia. 

Kopiipunga'wha, n. bulrush, 
scirpus lacustris. 

Kopuputai 71 

K6puputS,i, n. sponye. 
Kopiira, n. 1 jjotatoes or other 

tubers used for seed. 2 old per- 
son. 3 a plant. 
Kopurepure, a. spotted; with 

large siiots or patches. 
Kopurii, or kopurupiiru, a. 1 

stiifl'i'd up. 2 J'usti/ ; moiddy. 
Kopurua, a. having the belly 

sivollen; dropsical. 
Koputa, a. blistered. 
koputaputa, n. a fish. 
Koputoitoi, a. moist; spongy. 
K5putotarS,, n. chilomycter'us 

jaculiferus; porcupine fisJi. 
Koputuputu, V. t. jmt up in 

heaps. Koputuputua nga kai 

ma te manuliiri. 
Kopu"wai, a. ^oatery. He kino 

ena i-iwai, he kopuwai. 
Kopuwai-totara, n. chilomyc- 

t ems jaculiferus ; porcupine jish. 
Kora, n. 1 small fragment, or 

sjjeck of anything. Hokihoki 

tonu tona ringa ki te mirimiri i 

te kora i roto i tona kanohi. 2 

spark. 3 fire ; fuel. 
■whakakorakora, v. t. scatter; 

distribute in small fragments. 

WHakakorakorangia tetahi wa- 

hi ma matou. 
Korae, v. t. anoint with red ochre 

and oil. 
Koraha, a. 1 extended; open. 

2 shallow. He tai koraha to 

koraha, n. open country. 
K5rahi, a. large; extensive. Kia 

penei te korahi o to tatou tako- 

korahirahi, a. 1 thin. 2 some- 

ivhat tra7isparent. He taewa 

koraliii'ahi (of young potatoes.) 
Korahoraho, n. unfledged young 

Koraki, n. north or north-north- 
west wind. 


K6rak6, n. albino. 

korakorako, a. having light- 
coloured spots on the skin; 
freckled. (i8i.) 

korakorako, n. demons oj evil 
infiuence; called also patu- 
paiarehe ; imagined to be 

Korama, n. a shell-fish. 

Koramuramu, v. t. eat at odd 
times, without waiting for 
meals. Kaua e koramuramutia 
ta tatou kai. 

Koranga, v. t. raise; lift ^ip. 

korangaranga, v. i. 1 ache; be 
in pain. E korangaranga ana 
toku manawa. 2 feel annoyed 
or vexed. 

Korapa, a. disquieted tvith fear. 
Ka rere mai te tangata ki te 
wero, korapa noa toku ngakau. 

koraparapa, a. crossgrained ; 

Korapii, v. i. shine. Te mea e 
korapu mai ra, ko ona mata. 


Korara, a v. i. go in different 
directions; disperse. Ihaereto- 
puni tonu, kahore i korara. (3 
v.t. beg. 

K5rari, v.t. pluck or tear off a 
twig, &c. 

korarirari, v. t. pull to jneces. He 
aha te rakau i korariraria ai? 

korari, n. 1 flower stem of j)hor- 
miuyn tenax, or N.Z. flax. 2 
the plant itself; phormium te- 

Koratarata, a. clear ; not turbid. 

KorS-U, n. 1 cyathea medullaris ; 
a large tree fern. 2 young 
shoots of ferns. 3 turnip or 
other similar root. 

I. Korg, ad. 1 not. E kore korua 
e ngaro ki kona. (46) — Kore 
kau noa ake i kitea tetahi ware. 




(158) Me i kore; almost. Me 
i kore kua tahuri to matou 
■waka. 2 used as a suffix to 
nouns, and thus forming ad- 
jectives, signifying in each case 
the absence of the quality de- 
noted by the noun. WHaka- 
aro - kore, thoughtless. — ngoi- 
kore, weak, &c. 
kore, v.i. cease to he. Kua kore 

te ika tena wai inaiauei. 
korenga, n. non-existence; ab- 
sence; non-occurrence, (fee. He 
kitenga no matou i te korenga 
o te kai ki taua wahi i mahue 
whakakore, v. t. 1 cause not to 

be. 2 deny, 
korekore, n. the moon on the 
21st, 22nd, and 23rd days ; the 
23rd day being called kore- 
kore piri. 
11. Kore, a. broken. Kua kore ke 

nga papa o te whare. 
kore, n. fracture. Comp. pakore. 
korenga, n. broken place. 
Korea, n. small canoe. 
Korehe, n. 1 open country. 2 

Koreirei, n. root-stock of raupto, or 

typha angustifolia. . 
Koreke, n. coturnix Novce Zea- 
landue, or J^.Z. quail, called 
also kokoreke. He manu oho- 
oho te koreke. 
Korekoreko, a. dazzled. Ka ko- 

rekoreko oku kanohi i te ra. 
Korengarenga, a. 1 overfloiving. 
Kovengarenga tonu mai te wai 
ki te taha o te kaainga. 2 soft; 
boggy. 3 crushed; mashed. (152) 
Koreparepa, v. t. sj)lit. Korepa- 

repangia te papa. 
Korepo, n. shallow swamjJ. 
koreporepo, a. swampy. 
Korgre, n. gutter; taj); funnel; 
or anything to guide the pas- 

sage of liquids. 

Korero, a v. t. 1 tell; say. He aha 
ta tenei tangata e korero nei? 
2 address. Korero tia tatou, e 
nga rangatira e noho nei; ko- 
rerotia tatou ! — He tangata ko- 
rero-whenua, a pieace-maker, said 
of a chief of great influence, (i 
V. i. speak ; talk. Ka whaka- 
korerotia ano e ia, a kua nanu 
te reo. (42.) 

korerorero, v. i. talk much, or 

Koreto, v.i. trickle down; weep. 

Korewa, a. drifting about; adrift. 
Hi korewa tonu ai au, kaore e 
tukua te punga ki raro. 

I. K5ri, n. 1 native oven. 2 small 

II. Kori, or korikori, v.i. 1 move; 
wriggle. 2 bestir oneself. Ka 
tae atu te karere, katahi ka kori 
te rau-ma-whitu ra. (157) Sitse 
action in oratory. 

korikori, n. a species of ranun- 

whakakorikori, v. t. move; shake. 

Korihi, v. i. sing, as birds. 

korihirihi, n. tide (R.) 

Korimako, n. anthornis mela- 
neura ; bell-bird. 

K5ripi, v. t. cut. I koripi ke mai 
te toki ki toku waewae. 

koripi, n. diarrhoea. 

koripi, a. vagabond. He porangi 
te tangata ra, ka tahi; he ko- 
ripi, ka rua; ke kurapa, ka toru. 

Koriporipo, a. eddying. 

Korirangi, n. 1 a mat orna- 
mented with white thrums of 
unscraped flax. 2 untwisted 
thrums of a mat. 

Koriri, n. fruit of stunted growth. 

Koriro, v. i. sprout. E koriro ake 
ana te tupu o te kapana. 

koriroriro, n. a bird. 

Koriti, a. cautious. Kia koriti, 


koi rokohanga e te kohuru. 
Korito, n. 1 heart, or young im- 

expanded leaves of a plant. 2 

dark green opaque variety of 

Koriwhai, n. nestor jjroductus; 

a bird. 

I. Koro, v.t. desire; intend. 'Na 
wai te koronga ka tu ki roto ki 

koro, n. 1 noose. Nga koro o te 
rore. 2 tlie moon on the fifth 
day; also called Akoro, or 

korokoro, a. loose; slack. Koro- 
koro noa nga tau o te kakahu. 

korokoro, n. 1 throat. 2 lam- 
prey,- geotria chilensis. 

whakakoro, v.t. endeavour; in- 
tend. WHakakoro noa niatou, 
te taea Patangata. 

II. Koro, n. p)6rson; man. E peliea 
ana te koro nei? 

Koroaha, n. large curl of tattoo 
marks on the cheek. 

Koroahu, n. steam. 

Koroai, see koro'wai. 

Koroama, n. a small fish. 

Korohape, a. crooked. 

Korohawini, n. cold. 

Koroheke, n. old man. 

Korohu, n. steam. 

korohuhu, v.i. boil. 

Korohunga, a. reduced to shreds. 

Koroi, n. fruit of podocarpntjS da- 

Koroingoingo, a. puling ; whim- 
pering. He tangi koroingoingo. 

Koroirangi, a. wandering. 

Koroiroi, v. i. 1 wander idly. He 
aha tau e koroiroi nei, te haere 
ki te mahi? 2 be confused. 

■whakakoroiroi, v.t. hinder. He 
aha tau ka whakakoroiroi nei i 
te mahi? 

Koroiti, n. little finger, or toe. 

KoROKA, n. cloak. 

73 Koropa 

K6r6ke, n person; fellow, ex- 
pressing familiarity or contempt. 

Heoi, noho ana te koroke me 

taua wahine. (135) 
Koroki, a v.i. speak; talk, (i v.t. 

spaak to; tell. Nana ahau i ko- 
roki ki te haere. 
Korokio, n. veronica salicifolia; 

a shrulj. 
Koromahanga, n. noose. Kia 

ngaro rawa te upoko ki roto ki 

te koromahanga nei. (19) 
koromahanga, v.t. tie in a bow ; 

tie tcifh a sli2}-knot. 
Koromahii, n. steain. Me te ko- 

romahu kapura te ahua. 
Koromaki, a. supjjressed ; stifled 

(of feelings). 
koromaki, koromamaki, and 

■whakakoromaki, v.t. 1 su]]- 

press one's feelings. 2 be fodly 

intent upon an object; ^jwrswe 

tvith all one's mind. 
Koromatila, n. thumb; great toe. 
Koromaungaunga, n. barnacle. 
koromaungaunga, a. anxious. 
Koromeke, a. in loops, coils, or 

"whakakoromeke, v. t. coil or 

loop up. 
K6r6m.engem.enge, a. crumjjled; 

curled up. 
K6r6mik6, n. veronica salicifolia, 

ttc; shrubs. 
koromiko-taranga, n. veronica 

K6r6nae, a v.i. lie broadside on. 

Kua koronae te waka ki uta. 

ft V. t. drink out of the hand. 
koronae, n. stile. 
K6r6niike, a. crooked. 
Korongata, v.i. promise without 

j^erforming. 'Ko Kauanuhea, 

korongata ki te haere.' 
K6r6ngenge, a. benumbed. 
K6r6pa, n. food offered to the 

atua and eaten by the tohunga 

Koropana 74 

in the ceremony of *pure.' 
Koropana, a v.t. fillip. /3 v. i. 
shoot up. Ka koropana ake te 
tupu te kapana. 
Koropehu, v. t. 1 repress. He 
mate liiakai, ka taea te koro- 
pehu. 2 break. Akuanei koro- 
pehua ai to rakau. 
Koropeke, a. having the limbs 

doubled up. 
Koropewa, n. ring ; loop; boiv. 
Koropiko, v. i. boiv down; kneel. 
koropiko, n. loop. 
Koropu, a. built with wroiight 

timber. He whare koropu. 
Koropiika, n. gaultheria anti- 

pjoda ; a shrub. 
Koropuku, a. concealed. He kino 

koropuku. 2 swollen, 
Koropiipu, v. i. bubble up; boil. 
Te ingoa o te puna, ko Oringi, 
e koropupu ake ana i te whenua. 
Koropiita, n. hole. 
koroputaputa, a, full of holes. 
Korora, u. spJteniscus minor; pen- 
Korori, or kororirori, v.t. stir 

korori, a. twisted. He rakau ko- 
KoRORiA, n. glory. 
Kororipo, n. tvhirlpool; eddy. 
K6rori"wha, a. haliotis virginica, 
a small species of sea-ear; called 
also marapeka, 
Korotaha, ad. askance. Ka titiro 

korotaha te hoiho ki te ngaru. 
Korotangi, n. pit for storing pota- 
Korote, v. t. squeeze ; crush. Apopo 
ia ka korotetia e te ringa patuki 
tuatara o te kainga o Te Wahi- 
KSrotiwhS,, n. spot. 
koroti-whatiwha, a. spotted. 
Kdrotii, a. desirous. E korotu 
ana ki te haere. 


Korotupa, n. teredo navalis. 

Korotiitu, v. t. melt down fat, &c. 
He wahine nana i korotutu. 

Korou, n. 1 channel. Kia tika ki 
te korou. (R.) 2 energy ; spirit. 
Korou-kore, listless. 

^OVOVL, v.t. purpose; desire. Ko 
te wahi tena i koroutia ai e au 
kia haere ki reira. 

Koroua, n. old man. 

K6ro"wai, n. mat ornamented with 
black twisted thrums. 

Korowawa, n. a tish, 

Korowhana, a. bent; bowed. 

Korowhanake, n. steam. 

Korowheowheo, a. bloiving in 
tvhirls or eddies. 

Korowhiti, a. bent like a hoop. 

korowhiti, a v. i. 1 spring ^ip 
suddenly from a stooping posi- 
tion. 2 whistle tlirough a bent 
finger. f3 y.t. jerk; give a sud- 
den impidse to. Na te pou koa 
i korowhiti i rere ai i te hau. 

Koru, a. folded; coiled; looped. E 
koru ana te whakaheke : kia 
maro tonu. 

koru, n.fold; bight; loop. Neke- 
hia mai te koru o te aho. 

korukoru, n. wrinkle; looseness 
of the skin as in aged persons. 

kokorii, or kokorutanga, n. 
bay; indentation of the coast. 

I. Korua, pi'on. 2nd person, dual, 
you two. 

II. Koriia, and koruarua, n. hole; 
pit. Ka rere iho taua wahine 
nei ki roto ki te koruarua. (13) 

whakakorua, v. t. hollow out; 

excavate. WHakakoruatia te 

takotoranga mo te wai. 
Koruki, a. cloudy ; overcast. He 

rangi koruki. 
Koriip8, n. lintel of a door. 
KoriirS, v. i. change; veer round 

Ka korure te hau. 
korurerure, n. a bird. 




KSriiru, a. cloudij. 

KSriiru, n. Jigtire placed un the 
(jahle of a house. 

Korurukii, a. cloudy. 

Kota, n. 1 cockle-shell. 2 any- 
thing to cut or scrape with ; 
knife; plane, &c. 

kokota, n. a shell-fish. 

Kotae, n. alluvial soil. 

Kotaha, n. 1 sli^ig. 2 part of a 
chief's head-dress. Ka mutu te 
heru e tia ana, kia herea te ko- 

kotaha, ad. sideivays, askance. 

Kotamutamu, v. i. 1 open and 
close the lijjs repeatedly. 2 fash 
frequently. He aha te uira e 
kotamutamu nei? 

Kotara, a. loosened; untied. 

kotara, n. a tree. 

kotaratara, n. 1 dance of triumph. 
2 a plant. 

Kotare, n. halcyon vagans; king- 

kotaretare, n. 1 front lockoi haii*, 
left long when all the rest has 
been cut short. 2 stage pro- 
jected from the fence of a pa, 
and slanting upwards; the same 
as kahekoheko. 

Kotata, a. split. Kahore tonu tena 
kia ngawha; ka kotata ano ia. 

kotata, n. a bird. 

Kotawatawa, n. a shell-fish. 

Kote, V. t. squeeze out. Kua kote- 
tia te wairua ki waho. 

Kotea, a. pale. Kotea tonu te 
moko; kihai i mangu. — He kiri 
kotea; an albino. 

Kotengitengi, n. gentle wind. 

Kotero, n. potatoes steeped in 

Kotete, V. i. 1 whisper. 2 mu7-- 
mur; grumble. He aha koe i 
kotete ai? 

kotete, n. shoot of a potato. 

Koti, or kokoti, v. t. 1 cut. 2 in- 

tercept. He taniaiti kokoti tau, 
a child born pi-ematui'ely. — He 
tau kokoti pu, a year in which 
ivinter comes on prematurely. 

kotikoti, V. t. cut to pieces; cut 

Koti, n. coat. 

Kotiate, n. a lobed weapon of 
hard wood. 

Kotihe, n. pogornis cincta; a bird. 

Kotimutii, n. calabash with the 
small end cut off so as to form a 

Kotingotingo, a. speckled. 

Kotipo, n, jiurple potato. 

Kotipu, v.t. cut short. Kahore 
ona tau kotipu. (i6o) He had 
no bad seasons, and tlierefore no 
scarcity of food. See under ko- 
koti. — Ka kotipu te ngarara, 
hei mate moku. 

Kotiri, V. i. go or come one at a 
time. Kotiri marire te haere a 
te hanga ra. 

kotiri, and kotiritiri, n. meteor. 
Me te kotiritiri ! said of a per- 
son going frequently to and fro. 

Kotiro, n. girl. 

Kotiti, v.i. move aside. E kotiti 
ana ki taku. 

kotititi, v.i. wander about. 

Kotiti, n. north wind. 

Kotirurii, n. headache. 

Kotiwhatiwha, n. spotted. 

I. Kotokoto, n. 1 sheet of a sail. 2 
sprit to extend a sail with. 3 
projection. ^smaU potatoes. Ko- 
tokoto kau a tatou kai. 

II. Kotokoto, v.i. 1 squeak. E ko- 
tokoto ana te kiore. 2 cackle. 

Kotopihi, n. window. 

Kotore, n. 1 lower end. Tamanga- 

kotore, the youngest in a family. 

2 anus. 3 white clay. 
kotoretore, n. a fish. 
i.K6tuSi,n. respect; regard. E kawe 

ana i tana kotua ki a Te Aporo- 




II. Kotiia, ad. with the hack toivards 

one. E huri kotua ana te korero 

a taua tangata. 
K5tuhi, n. arch formed by clouds 

in the horizon; the same as 

Kotiii, V. t. lace; fasten by lacing ; 

interlace. Kotuia to tatou ra. 
Kotiiku, n. white crane; a bird. 

'He kotuku rerengatahi i tetau.' 

A proverb used of a visitor who 

comes rarely. 
Kotuku-tawhiti, a variety of j)o- 

Kotukiitea, n. a variety of ^jo- 

Kotukiituku, n. fuchsia excorti- 

cata; a tree. 
Kotumu, n. stuiyip. 

I. Kotutii, a. a basket used for 
catching fish. 

II. K5tutu, v.t. 7nelt down fat, &c. 
Kou, a. good. E kore e kou? 
koukou, n. 1 owl; athene Novcb 

Zealandice. 2 a mode of wear- 
ing the hair. 
Kourea, n. pagrus unicolor ; snaj)- 

per; a fish; the same as tamure. 
Kouaua, n. sjyrinkling rain. 
Koue, n. j^osts supporting the pae- 

pae of a privy. 
Koue, V. t. scull; steer with a 

IKiddle or oar. 
Kouka, n. 1 cordyline australis; 

a tree. 2 root stock of raupo. 
koukauka, n. a fish ; the same as 

Kouma, n. breast-plate. 
Koumuumu, v. t. whirl round 

and round. Kei koumuumua 

tatou e te ripo. 
KourS,, n. crayfish. 
KouRA, n. gold. 
Kourii, n. 1 top of a tree. 2 head 

of a river. 
K5utS,reke, n. New Zealand quail. 

the same as koreke, &c. 

Koutou, pron. second person plu- 
ral, ye; you. 

Koutuutii, v.t. dip up. Koutu- 
utua he wai ki roto ki te peere. 

Kowa, or kowavra, a. neap. He 
tai kowawa. 

Ko"wae, v. t. 1 divide; part. 
Auaka e kowaea te mahunga, 
hei pango tetahi taha, kei uru- 
kehu tetahi taha: auaka e ko- 
waea hei mahora tetahi taha, 
hei piki tetahi taha. 2 pick out; 
set apart. Ka kowaea nga roi 
pai mana. 

K6"wao, n. plot of fern land in a 

kowao, a. living in the ivoods; 
tvild. He tangata kowao te ta- 
ngata i pahuatia ai te whare. 

ko'wao'wao, v.t. overgrow; choke. 
Kua kowaowaotia aku kai e te 

Kowarowaro, n. a fish. 


Kei whakakowatawata te ra. 

Ko"wera, see koera. 

Kowiti, n. a fish. 

K5wha, a v.t. 1 split open. 2 
take out of the shell. Kowhatia 
he pipi ma tatou. /3 v. i 1 burst 
open; sjjlit. Ka kowha te rau- 
awa. 2 fash like lightning. 

ko"wlia, n. 1 cockles taken out of 
the shells. 2 summer lightning. 

Kowhai, n. sophora tetraptera; a 

kowhaiwhai, n. a pattern of 
scroll ornament. 

Kowhaikura, n. a plant used to 
scent oil. 

Ko-whai-ngiitu-kaka, n. clian- 
thus puniceus ; a shrub. 

Kowhait§,u, n. a fish, the same 
as kaha'wai. 

Kowhaki, v. t. pluck off; tear off. 
Kowhakiua ana tona maikuku 



lioi nlii. (24) 

kowhakiwhaki, tem- off jnece by 
■pirce. Kowhakiwhakia tetalii 
taro ma te kotiro. 

kO"whaki, a. ready to drop off. 
K ua kowhaki nga papa i te ngau- 
iiga a te mate. 

Kowhana, a. 1 bent; bowed. 2 
springiHy up violently. Ka ko- 
whana i roto i te wahine ra te 
ngakau mate ki a Te Ponga hei 
tane mana. (167) 

Kowhane, v. t. bend. Kaua e ko- 
wlianea; kia maro tonu mai. 

I. KoTvlianga, n. nest. 

II. Kowhanga, a. overcast with 
clouds. He ra kowhanga i wera- 
wera ai. 

Ko"whao, n. hole. 
ko"whaowhao, n. basket ior iood. 

E rima kowhaowhao uwhi. 
Kowharawhara, n. astelia Bank- 

sii: a plant. 
Kowhatu, n. stoiie. 
Ko^vheka, or ko^whekawheka, 

n. garment. I haere mai ahau ki 

tetalii kowhekawheka hei takai. 
Ko'whera, v. i. 1 open; gape. Ko 

te pipi, e kore e kowhera. — Ko- 

whera ou ringaringa; (50) Loose 

your hold. 2 burst forth. Ka 

kowhera te uira i roto i nga keke 

o Tawhaki. (53) 
Ko"wheta, v. i. writhe ; flounder. 

Ka kowheta te hiku. (151) 
Ko-whete, or ko"whetewhete, 

V. i. 1 whisper. 2 murmur. 3 

K6"whe"whe, a. 1 sjMt open. Ka 

kowhewhe noa iho te waka, ka 

puta te wai ki roto. (11 1) 2 

Kowhio, V. i. whistle. 
Kowhiri, v. t. 1 select. 2 whirl 

round. Kowhiria te manii kia 

mate ai. 
Kovrhiti, a v.t. 1 pull up or out. 

Kua kowhitia nga kumai-a a Te 
Raro. 2 pic^ out 0/ the shell, 
cockles, &c. 3 select. ^ v.i. 1 
spring up> or out. 2 appear, as 
the new moon. Me kore e ko- 
whiti ake tetahi ra marama a ko 
ake nei. 

kowhitiwhiti, n. grasshopper. 2 

Kowhiuwhiu, v.t. /an; ivinnow. 

ko'whiu'whiu, Vi.. fan. 

Ko'whi'whi, n. pittosporum tenui- 
foliutn; a tree. 

Ku, n. a game. 

ku, V. i. 1 play at k%i. 2 be silent. 

Kua, a verbal particle denoting 
that the action is completed at 
the time indicated. Katahi a 
WHakatau ka nanao ki te pito 
o tana taui'a, kua kuhua ra e ia 
ki nga pou o te whare. (62) 

Kuai, n. a fish. 

Kuaka, n. a bird. 

Kuao, n. young of animals. 

Kuare, see ku-ware. 

Kuata, see ku"wata. 

Kuenii, v. i. be assembled. 

KuenejV. t. urge; p>ress. I kuene- 
tia i haere mai ai ahau. 

whakakuene, v.t. beg. Hewha- 
kakuene ta matou ki a koe, ara 
he kakahu mo matou. 

I. Kiiha, or kuhakuha, a. 7'ag- 
ged; tattered. Kua kuha noa 
atu te kaka nei. 

kuha, n. fragtnent; scrap). He 
kuhakaainga; a scrap) of a dwel- 
ling place. 

II. Kuha, v.i. gasp. 
Kuha, see ku"wha. 

Kuhu, V. t. 1 thrust in; insert. 
Kuhua ana te taura ki nga pou 
o te whare. 2 conceal. E kuhu 
ana i te toki mo te hokinga mai. 

kuhu, n. cooking shed. 

kuhukuhu, n. pt^-. 

Kui, n. (abbreviation of kuia) old 

Kui 78 

woman, — a common mode of ad- 
dress, sometimes applied to a 
girl. E kui, kawea atu tetelii 
wai mo te manuhiri. (i68) 

Kui, a. short of food. Kahore 
ana tau kui. (i6o) 

Kuia, a. old woman. 

Kuihi, V. i. speak in a low tone. 
Tohe noa au ki te tikanga o te 
korero, kihai i kuihi te waha. 

KtJiHi, n. goose. 

Kuika, v.t. desire. E kuika ana 
te turoro ki te kai mana. 

KuiNi, n. queen. 

KuiRA, n. 1 patchwork. 2 quilt. 

Kuka, n. encuyyibrance ; clog. Com- 
pare kuta. Kuka-whare, soot. 

Kukari, n. 1 young bird. 2 neio 

KuKi, n. cook. 

Kiiku, V. t. 1 nip. 2 draw to- 
gether. Kukua te kete. 3 close. 
Ka kukua tona ringariuga. 

kuku, n. 1 pincheis or tweezers. 
Te kuku o tona manawa. (164) 
that which had fastened ujjon 
her affections. 2 a large mus- 

kukukii, n. a mussel. 

Kiiku, V. i. grate; move with vio- 
lent friction over a rough sur- 
face. Ka rongo a Kupe i te 
kuku o te takere o te waka. 

Kuku, n. pigeon; carpophaga JVo- 
vce Zelandice. Hehuahau kuku. 
(138). Aka-kuku, a climbing 

Kukume, see under kume. 

Kukumoetoka, n. a mussel. 

Kukupa, n. pigeon; carpophaga 
Novce Zelandice.. 

Kukurerewai, n. a kind of shark. 

Kukuta, see under kuta. 

Kukuti, see under kuti. 

Kumanu, v. t. tend carefully ; 
foster. He poti na Uekahia, ma 


Rongotakutama e knmanu. 

Kumara, n. ipomcea batatas ; 
sweet potato, old varieties of 
which are parakaraka, toroa- 
rtiahoe, and waiha; varieties 
recently introduced are kura- 
rangi, tukou, torowhenua 
or maukura, and "waina. 

Kumarahou, n. 1 jiomaderris el- 
liptica; a shrub. 2 quintinnia 
serrata; a tree. 

Kumara-kai-torouka, n. olearia 
furfuracea : a shrub. 

Kumata, n. a fish. 

Kume, or kukume, v.t. 1 pull; 
drag. Ka nanao ia ki te pito o 
tana taura katahi ka kumea. 
(62) 2 j^ull out; stretch. Taka- 
hia ana e Maui te iwi-tuaroa, 
kumea ana te whiore, ka haere 
he kuri. (26) 3 draw away to 
a distance. Ka kumea e Maui 
te whenua kia roa. (20) 

Kum.ete, n. wooden bowl or trough. 

Kumi, n. 1 a measure of ten 
fathoms. 2 a huge fabulous rep- 

Kumikumi, n. beard under the 
chin ; singular or plural. 'E kore 
e oraora nga kumikumi o Hau- 

Kumore, n. headland; promon- 

Kumil, n. anus. 

kum.ukumu, n. trigla kumu; 
gurnard; a fish. 

■whakakum.u, a. timid; reluctant. 
E whakakumu ana toku ngakau, 
e kore ahau e haere ma te waka. 

whakakumu, n. a creeping plant. 

Kune, or kukune, a. plump; 
filled out to roundness. 

Kiinikuni, a. dark. Kia kuni- 
kuni ka puta te marama. 

Kungongingongi, n. a name for 
the kahawai. (R.) 

Kupa, V. i. belch; throw up wind 

Kupa 79 

frotii tlie sto)nacIi. 

Kupa, n. mildew. 

Kupae, n. a fish. 

KupapS,, V. t. 1 stoop. I kupapa 
mai te tahae, koia hoki te kitea 
ai. 2 (/o stpaUliiJy. 3 be neutral 
ill a (|uancl. 

kupapapapa, n. snhph^ir. 

Kupara, a. comjdetely blackened 
(of moko covering the skin). 

kupara, n, dogskin mat black 

Kiiparu, n. zeusfaber; John Dory ; 
a tisli. 

Kiipenga, n. 7iet. 

Kupere, v. i. flow swiftly. 

Kupii, n. word; sentence; mes- 

kupukupu, V. i. speak frequently. 
E kupukupu ana tenei tangata 
kia patua te maiiuhiri. 

Kura, n. \. red feathers. Nui atu 
te kura o tenei kainga i te 
kura o Hawaiki. (74) 2 taiaha, 
adorned ivith red feathers. Me 
tango ki te kura mahora, na 
katahi ka horahia, na ka raau te 
rongo. (166) 

kura, a. red. He whare kura, « 
house with timbers wrought and 
painted. Akakura; metrosideros 

kura, V. t. redden; dye red. Te 
kuranga o Hunakiko. (113) 

Kura, n. school. 

Kurae, or kuraenga, n. head- 

Kuranuipaka, n. dickso7iia an- 
tarctica; a tree fern. 

Kiirapa, a. idling ; trifling ; havifig 
no object. Te koiwi kurapa ! the 
vagabond I 

Kiirapae, n. treasu7'e lit u^wn ac- 

Kurapapa, a. flat roofed. 

Kurarangi, n. a variety of ktt- 


KurS,rttrS,ru, a. 

Kura"wher6, n. 7'ed garment. 

Kureherehg, a. wrinkled. 

Kure, V. i. cry like a sea-gull. 
'Kure haere ana i; Karoro tipi 

Kiirehii, v. i. doze. 

kurehu, a. iiidistinctly seen. Ku- 
rehu ake i a au e haere ana i 

Kiiri, n. 1 dog. 2 any quadruped. 

Kuripaka, n. dicksotiia antarc- 
tica; a tree fern. 

Kuril, V. t. 1 strike with the fist; 
thum]). E kuru ana ia i te rau- 
po. 2 2)elt; strike with some- 
thing thrown. Kurua ki te ko- 

kuru, n. 1 bloiv with the fist 2 
mallet; p)estle. 3 an ornament 
of greenstone. He kuru pou- 
namu. (153) 4 tongue on the 
end of the body of a canoe, which 
is embraced by the paihau, or 
sides of the haumi. 

Kuriihunga, n. a fish. 

Kurumatarerehu, n. tattooed 

Kiirupae, beam; joist; sleeper. 

Kuriipatu, n. upj)er hem of a mat. 

Kurupei, n. clod. 

Kurupopo, n. rotten; worm-eaten 
(of timber). 

I. Kurutete, v.t. exchange. 

II. Kurutete, a. stunted. 
Kiirutoitoi, a. stunted. 
Kiirutote, a. stunted. 
Kiita, kukiita, or kiitakuta, n. 

a water-plant. 
Kuta, n. enc^imbrance ; clog; as 

old and infirm people on a march. 

Ruia atu te kuta kia ngahoro 

Kutai, n. a mussel. 
kutaitai, a. of a disagreeable taste. 
Kutanga, n. handful. See ktiku. 
Kutao, n. cold. 




Kutere, or kuteretere, a. soft: 

nearly liquid. 
Kutete, V. t. urge on. Kei te ku- 

tete a Pita kia awe te mutu te 

Kiiti, kukiiti, v.t. draw tightly 

together ; purse up. Aua e kutia 

ou ngutu. 
kukuti, n. a kind of 7iet. 
kutikuti, n. scissors. 
kutikuti, v.t. cut with scisso7's. 
Kiitu, n. 1 louse. 2 vermin of 

any kind infesting human beings. 
kutukutu, n. 1 maggot. 2 ver- 
min of any kind. 3 speckled 

variety of greenstone. 

Kuvraha, n. entrance; doorway. 

Ku"wai"wai, a. wet. Katahi ano 
te kuwaiwai o te ara nei. 

Kuware, a. 1 ignorant. 2 low in 
the social scale. 3 held in no 

KuTvata, v.i. long; yearn; love; 
desire. Ka kuwata noa te nga- 
kau ki te tangata ka ngaro. 

Ku^weto, n. a bird. 

Kuwha, n. 1 thigh. 2 connexion 
hy marriojge. 

Ku-wharu, n. 1 a grub. 2 a shell- 

Ku-whewhe"wliewhe, a. ^:)mc- 
kered; wrinkled. 


I. Ma, conj. and: used 1 to con- 
nect numerals. E rua tekau 
ma wha. 2 to connect points of 
the compass. Tonga ma uru, 

II. Ma, prep. Ifor; in the sense of 
Ho be possessed by' or 'fo be acted 
on by,' &c. He kai ma te manu- 
hiri. (187) 2 by; after a future 
verb, active in form but passive 
in signification Ma wai e kawe 
nga tohu ora ki uta? By whom 
will be conveyed, kc, which is 
equivalent to ' Who is he that 
will convey,' &c. 3 by means of; 
in consequence of. Ma te kino 
o te ara e kore ai tatou e tae. 
Conditional sentences with in- 
transitive verbs are sometimes 
exj)ressed in this way. Ma roto 
hoki kia ora, ka pai te korero. 
If the inner man is refreshed the 
talking will be agreeable : literally 
By the inner man being re- 
freshed, &c. Mana e haere e pai 
ana. If he should go it will be 
well. 4 by way of I ma hiwi 

mai ra, i ma te Kowhai, te ara 

o Kaiwhatu e. 
Ma, a. white; pale; clean. 
"whakama, a v. t. make white, &c. 

/8 wi.feel abashed; be ashamed; 

be shy. Ka nui rawa te wha- 

kama o Paoa. (187) 
Ma in the names of streams is an 

abbreviation of manga. Ma- 

kakahi, Ma-karoro, for Manga- 

kakahi, &c. 
Maata, n. 1 deep swamp. 2 a 

small bird. 
Maati, n. match. 

Maatu, V. i. go. Maatu ki te moe. 
maemae, a. ivithered. Maemae 

noa nga tupu i te I'a. 
Maea, v.i. 1 emerge. Kua maea 

te parera. 2 be taken out of the 

ground, as a crop; be gathered 

maea, a. listless; as the eyes, &c. 
Maehe, n. the month of March. 
Maeke, a. cold. He wiri nona i 

te maeke. 
Maeko, a. lazy. 

Maeneene 81 

Maeneene, .-i. soft to ihe touch ; 
smooth, lie kakaliu maeneene. 

Maero, n. channel for water ; race. 

maero, a. emaciated; lintless; 

Maeuo, n. mile. 

Maewa, v. i. wander. Mana te 
iwi e maewa noa. 

Maha, a. many. 

Maha, a. gratified by the attain- 
ment of a desired object. Ka 
maha hoki pea, ka kitea te wahi 
i kimiliia mai ai e ratou. (121) 

Mahake, a. small. He kuri ma- 

Mahaki, n. cutaneoios disease. 

Mahaki, a. 1 mild; meek. He ta- 
ngata mahaki. 2 calm; quiet. 
Ka mahaki te hau. 

Mahaku, pron. lengthened form 
of maku ; for me. 

Mahana, a. warm. 

mahana, n. day. 

Mahanga, n. snare. Me te weka 
ka motu i te mahanga. (171) 

mahanga, v. t. ensnare. Maha- 
ngatia te manu hei kai ma ta- 

Mahanga, n. twins. 

Mahara, n. 1 a portion of the in- 
testines. 2 thought; memory; 
recollection. In the plural it 
sometimes stands for mind. 

mahara, v. t. think upon; remem- 
ber; recollect. Ka maharatia 
nga korero a Pahaka, ka pouri 

maharahara, v. t. think frequently 
of; have much in one's thoughts. 

Maharo, v. i. wonder ; compare 
miharo. ' 

Mahau, n. porch; verandah. 

"whakamahau, n. j^orch; veran- 

Mahau, pron. lengthened form of 
inau,ybr thee. 

Mahe, n. sinker for a fishing line. 


M3<hda, a. 1 cleared aw<i]i. Kii:i 

niahea mai te ua. 2 free from 

obstruction; clear. Katahi anu 

ka mahea te reo. 
maheahea, a. perceiving iudia- 

tinctly. E maheahea kau ana, 

kaliore e rongo. 
Maheno, a v. i. be untied. [3 v. t. 

ujiiie. Mahenoa te kirehe. 
maheno, n. island. 
Maheu, a. scattered. Kei te ma- 

heu noa ake aku mea. 
Mahi, V. t. work at. Kei te mahi 

a Turi i tana mara. — Ka mahi 

rapea te pepeha nei; as the 

])7'overb 2mts it. (94) 
raahi, n. 1 work. Ka kite ra 

koutou i te tini aku mahi. (18) 

2 abundance. Kua tomo te waka 

i te mahi a te ika. (21) 
mamahi, a. hard working. 
Mahia, n. sound. Me te whai 

tonu atu te waka ra i te mahia 

o te waha o te kuri ra. (121) 
Mahihi, n. facing boards on the 

gable of a house ; the same as 

Mahihore, a. peeled off. Kua ma- 

liihore te hiako o te kapana. 
Mahimahi, n. 1 a water-plant. 2 

elmocarpus Hookerianus ; a tree. 
Mahiti, V. i. 1 spring; leap. Ka 

mahitihiti haere te au ; he papa- 

ku. 2 be spent; be exhausted. 

Kua mahiti nga harakeke mote 


I. Mahiti, n. white mat covered with 
the long hair from dogs' tails: 
the same as kahuwaero. 

II. Mahiti, v. t. sort; sejMrate ac- 
cording to size, quality, kc. 

Maho, a. floating. E whakamaho 
kau ana i runga i te wai. 

Mahoe, n. melicytus ramiflor2is; 
a tree. 

Mahoe"wao, n. a tree. 

Mahonge, n. a variety of ti para, 


Mahora 82 

a species of cordyline, with nar- 
row leaves. 

mahonge, a. lazy. 

Mahora, a. 1 spread out; hence 
of food spread out or served up 
before guests. Kua mahora te 
kai ma te ope? (59). 2 exposed 
to view. Me tango ki te kura 
mahora; (166) of a taiaha orna- 
mented with red feathers, used 
on occasions of peace-making. 
3 lank; drooping. He upoko 
mahora, a head of lank hair. 4 
scattered. Kua mahora rikiriki 

Mahore, a. peeled. Ka mahore 
te rakau. 

Mahu, a. cicatrized; healed. Kua 
mahu te hiako o toku waewae. 

•whakamahu, v. t. heal a wound. 

Mahu, a. gentle. Kia mahu to 
tatou haere. — Ata tahu i te ahi, 
kia mahu te ka. 

Mahua, a. raised up ; lifted. Me 
ko kia mahua ai nga pakiaka. 

mahuahua, v. i. rise up; be 
forced up. Kia kiki waenga- 
nui, kei mahuahua nga ko- 

Mahtie, a. 1 left; left behind. Kua 
mahue atu na i a koe a WHa- 
katau. (59) 2 forsaken. He 
kainga mahue. 3 applied to 
anything extraordinary, per- 
haps as not ordinarily attain- 
able. Mahue rawa te atawhai 
o te pakeha! 4 with passive 
termination, be p)ut off; be left. 
Tena! mahuetia nga kakahu! 


whakamahue, v.t. 1 cause to be 
left. 2 fnish. Haere noa te 
tangata nei; kahore ano kia 
whakamahuetia tana mahi. 

Mahukihuki, n. part of the cere- 
mony of removing the tapu from 
kumara grounds. 


Mahuna, see i. mahunga. 

Mahunii, a. burnt. 'Whatu ma- 
hunu; whatu marara,' was part 
of a karakia performed over 
pieces of kumara which were 
buried in the path of an ap- 
proaching enemy, that, when 
tliey shoiild tread on the spot, 
their legs might be burnt, and 
they be put to flight. 

Mahunu, n. young shoots ofpteris 

I. Mahiinga, 1 hair of the head; 
lock of hair Ko nga mahunga 
o Paoa, kino iho; na te whiu- 
nga te whanake i whakakino. 
(193) 2 head. 

II. Mahunga, a. mealy. He ka- 
pana mahunga. 

■whakamahunga, v. t. make trial 
of a new crop. 

Mahura, a. uncovered. Ka ma- 
hura te umu. 

Mahurangi, n. inside of a ku- 

Mahurehure, v.t. cut to pieces. 
He mahurehurenga ra koe naku ; 
a, ka tu mai ano tou ringa? 

Mahiiri, n. young ti'ee; sapling. 

Mahiiru, a. quieted; set at rest. 
Ka mahuru iho o ratou wha- 

mahuruhuru, n. a fish ; a variety 
of moho. 

Mahiita, v.i. 1 jump. Mahuta 
atu ki tarawahi. 2 land from 
a boat, &c. 

Mai, ad. hither; totvards the per- 
son speaking. Ka kitea mai e 
haere atu ana; 'E! he manu- 
liiri e haei^e mai nei.' (79) 

I. Mai, n. podocarpus spicata; a 

II. Mai, n. mussels taken out of the 

Maia, a. brave; bold. 

Maiangi, a. raised up. Kua mai- 




an,i:;i tonei pito o to r;i,k;iu. 

Maiao, u. abscess. 

Maiaorere, n. a kind of mat; 

Maiengi, a. 1 raised up. ^ faint 
from Jiunger. 

Maihao, n. finger. 

Maihe, n. fence. 

MSihga, n. sinker for a fishing- 

Maihi, n. facing of the f-ont gable 
of a house, often ornamented 
with carving. He whare maihi, 
e tu ana ki ro pa. 

maihi, v. t. 1 finish the gable of a 
house. 2 embellish. He korero 
i mahia e te ngutu, i maihitia. 

Maihi, a. uneasy in mind. 

maihi, n. a shell-fish. 

Maika, ad. quietly. Me noho 
maika ki te kainga. 

Maikaika, n. orthoceras Solan- 
dri; a plant. 

Maiki, v. i. remove; depart. Heoti 
ano, ka maiki ia i tera wahi. 

Maikoiko, a. lazy. 

Maikuku, n. nail of a finger or 
toe; claw; hoof. Kei te mai- 
kuku pango nei te rahi; a say- 
ing for anything very small. 

Maikuku-kareware'wa, n. a 

Maimai-aroha, n. token of affec- 

Maimoa, n. ;je^; fondling. 

m.aim.oa, v. t. clierish; take care 

whakamLaimoa, v.t. make imich 

of; sheiv great attention to. Na 

ta koutou whakamaimoatanga i 

taua hunga kohuru. 
Maioha, v.t. greet affectionately. 

Maioha tonu mai, ko Te Kani- 

a-takirau anake; 
m.aioha, n, tokeii of regard. 
Maioio, a. weakly. Tena ko tenei, 

lie I'akaii tipu hou, he rakau rea 
liou, lie maioio. 

MS,i6r6, n. 1 embankment for de- 
fence; earthivork. 2 ditch for 
fortification; covered ditch. Tera 
tetahi pa nui onamata, he mai- 
oro nunui nga maioro. (166) 

Maipi, n. a wooden weapon, the 
same as hani, and taiaha. 

Maire, n. 1 song. Tenei te maire 
i rongo atu ai au. (108) 2 san- 
talum Cunninghamii; a tree. 
3 olea Cunninghamii or lanceo- 
lata; trees. 

Maire - ta"whake, n. eugenia 
maire; a tree. 

Mairehu, n. small basket for 
cooked food. 

Maitai, a. good; beautiful. An 
obsolete word. 

maitai, n. iron. 

Maitiiti, n. young moM ; youth. 

Maka, v. t. 1 throw. E maka ana 
i nga kai ki te moana. 2 ^;?;-^; 

makamaka, v. t. throw about. 
Makamaka whana, dance the 
tvar dance. 

miakamaka, a. Tawhiti maka- 
maka; a kind of trap for rats, 


Maka, a. shy ; wild. Koia ano 

te maka o te parera. 
Makahi, n. wedge. 
Makahuri, n. large stone. 
Makaka, a. bent; crooked. 
Makaka, n. 1 carmichoilia sj).; a 

shrub. 2 a water-plant. 
makakaka, n. polygonum avicu- 

lare : a plant. 
Makara, n. head. 
makarakara, a. savoury. Comp, 

Makari, a. small. Makari noa 

ake nei ano te rahi. 
Makariri, n. 1 frost; cold. 2 






makariri, a. culd. 

Makaro, v.i. 1 he dimly visible. 
I kite atu au e makaro ana i 
konei. 2 sheio oneself at a dis- 
tance, or indistinctly. Koi ma- 
karo mai nga tangata o tena 
wahi ki te manuhiri, koi aha. 
3 he out of siffhf; he lost. Kua 
makaro taku toki. 

makaro, ad. dimly; indistinctly. 

1 kite makaro aliau i a ia i To- 

makarokaro, a. very small. 

Makatikati, a. galling ; irritat- 
ing. Ko te korero nei, ko te 
pa me tuku ki a ia, makatikati 
ana i a au. 

Makatiti, n. a variety of taro 
witli pale green leaves. 

Makato, a. inclement. Te tau 
makato, he tau katopo, he tau 
matao, hau, ua. 

I. Makau, n. sjyouse; wife or hus- 
band. Me hoki ki to makau 

II. Makau, a. at loicest ebb. Kua 
makau te tai. 

Makawe, n. hair of the head; 
locks of hair. Topea nga ma- 
kawe o te porokaki. 

Makekehu, a light-haired. Titiro 
atu ahau, ko Hiria; te ahua 
makekehu o te mahunga. 

Makenii, n. track; trace. Kei 
ona makenu tapuae tonu e 
haere ana. 

Makengo, a. tvet. 

Makere, v. i. 1 drop; fall. I 
makere toku kakahu i te ara. 

2 die. Kua makere te tupa- 
paku. 3 get down; alight; go 
down. Ka makere taua tangata 
ki te wai. 

vrhakamakere, n. remnant. Ka- 
hore he wliakamakere o te iwi 

M^kerg-whatu, a. falling heavily 

(of rain). He ua makerewhatu. 

I. Maki, n. 1 invalid; sick per- 
son. 2 scar. 

makimaki, n. cutaneous disease. 

II. Maki, v.i. have the trouble of 
a thing. Mari ano kia u mai 
te poti, te maki haere ahau ki 
te tiki. 

Makini, a. gapped; jagged. 
Makinokino, a. disgusted. 

I. Makiri, v.t. take the bones out 
of pigeons, &c., preparatory to 

II. Makiri, a. false; imfounded. 
He korero makii'i, tipatipa whe- 
nua nei. 

Makitaunu, v. t. 1 handle mis- 
chievously. He aha tau e ma- 
kitaunu i aku meal 2 tease. 

Makiu, a. very numerous. Tua- 
uriuri whaioio, makiu, makiu. 

Mako, n. 1 lamna glauca; a 
species of shark. 2 tooth of the 
same, worn as an ear-ornament. 

makomako, n. aristotelia race- 
mosa; a tree. 

Makoa, a. ctt the lowest ebb. Ka 
makoa te tai. Compare pakoa. 

Makolia, n. soft slaty rock. 

makohakoha, a. smooth. He 
tangata ringa makohakoha ; a 
man not fond of ivork. 

Makoha, a. expanded; untied. 
Kua makoha te kawe. 

whakamakoha, v.t. cause to ex- 
pand, itc. 

Makoi, n. cockle-shells. 

Makoi, v.t. deal deceitfully tcith. 
Ka tikina ka makoitia te ta- 

Makoko, a. lazy. 

Makokorori, n. caterpillar. 

Makona, a. having the appetite 

Mako^wha, see makoha. 

Maku, pron. 1st person singular, 
with preposition ma for me. 


See ma. Ka maku te wlienua; 

tlie land ivill become mine. 
Maku, a. wet; moist. Kei maku 

koo i te ua. 
makuku, a. someivhat moist. 
Makiihea, a. starved; suffering 

from loant of food. 
Makuku, a. indolent; inactive. 

He tangata makuku; kaore e 

keukeu e aha. 
MakiirS,, a light red. 
makiirakura, a. glowing; red- 
dish. Ka makurakura te ata. 
Makurii, a. 1 trickling in fre- 

qnent drops. 2 shewing much 
fruit; having the fruit set. Ka- 

tahi te makuru o to hue! 
Makuriihau, n. a kind of moss 

used as a scent for oil. 
Makutu, v.t. bewitch. Kua ma- 

kuturia a Korokai e Tohitapu. 
Maku"ware, a. regardless: un- 

Mama, a. light; not heavy. 
Mam.a, v. i. ooze through small 

apertures ; leak. Ka mama ake 

te wai i te pakai'u nei., a. ni paiii. 
whakamamae, a v.t. cause to 
feel jJciin. f3 v. i. begin to be in 

Mam.aha, n. steam. 
Mamaika, n. a plant. 
Mamaku, n. cyathea medullaris; 

a tree fern. 
mam.aku, v.t. prepare timber in 

a particular way with the adze. 

Ka oti nga pou nei te mamaku. 
Mamangi, n. cop)rosma Baueri- 

ana; a shrub. 
Mamangii, a. black. See mangu., a. distant; far away. 

Katalii ka hoea e Turi, ka ma- 

mao ki waho. (iii) 
Mam.aoa, n. steam. 
Mamaru, n. 1 sun. 2 sail. Com- 
pare komaru. 

85 Manako 

Mam.6, n. dog with short bristly 
hair. E toru nga mame nana i 
kai aku liipi. 

Mam.inga, v.t. impose upon ; play 
tricks upon. Kua mohio te 
wahine ra na WHakatau i 
maniinga. (42) 

Mam.6re, a. tuithout accoynp)ani- 
ments or appendages ; bare. He 
rakau mamore; a tree without 
branches. — He tangata mamore ; 
a childless man. 

Mana, pron. 3rd person singular 
with preposition ma; for him; 
for her. See m.a. 

Mana, n. 1 authority. He ranga- 
tira whai mana a Hongi. 2 in- 
fluence. E kore e ora te tangata 
i te mana o taua puhi ra. (175) 

mana, a. effectual. 

whakamana, v.t. give effect to. 
Ka whakahau ia i tona iwi kia 
haere ki te whakamana i te 
tutu a Manaia. (117) 

manamana, v.t. give poioer to; 
enable. Na nga pu i mana- 
manangia ai nga tangata ki te 

■whakamanamana, v.i. rejoice; 

Manaaki, v.t. shew respect to; 
enter-tain. E kore taua tangata 
e manaakitia e NGapuhi. 

Manaeka, n. a garment. 

Manahau, or manamanahau, a. 

1 cheerful. Ka manahau te tu 
o te tangata. 2 exulting ; elated. 
Ka manamanahau te WHaka- 
tohea ki tana atua e haere mai 

Manakanaka, a. apjn-ehensive ; 

anxious. Ka manakanaka au 

ki aku hoa ka riro ra. 
Manako, v.t. 1 like. E kore au 

e manako atu ki tera kainga. 

2 set one's heart on. He manako 
te koura i kore ai; there are no 


crayfish because you set your 
heart on them. 

Manakura, n. a plant used as a 
scent foi' titoki oil. 

Manamanahau, see manahau. 

Manana, a. bent. Manana kau 
ana nga waewae. 

manana, n. fishing-rod. 

manana, v. i. give a signal by 
raising the eyebrows; wink; nod. 
Manana mai ana ia ki a au. 

Manapau, n. a tree. (i6) 

Manatii, n. jjlagianthus betulinus; 
a tree. 

Manatunga, n. keepsake. 

Manauhea, a. 1 zveak ; in ill 
health. Ka manauhea a roto 
i a au. 2 reluctant. No roto 
te ngakaukore, ka manauhea to 

Manauri, a. sunburnt. Ka ma- 
nauri tou kiri i te ra. 

Manawa, n. 1 belly. 2 heart. 3 
breath. Ka he toku manawa; 
/ am out oj breath; or / am out 
of heart. 

whakamanawa, v.i. have con- 

Manawa, n. avicennia tomentosa; 

Manawa-kino, a. internally un- 

Manawa-nui, a. stout-hearted; 
patient ; forbearing. 

Manawa-pa, a. 1 grudging. 2 
loth; reluctant. E manawapa 
ana ahau ki te korero, kahore 
hoki he mea hei hoatutanga 
maku ki a ia. 3 regretfid. 4 
apprehensive. Kihai matou i 
manawapa ki o matou whenua 
kei riro. Bin suspense; anxious. 

Manawa-popore, a. 1 parsimoni- 
ous; stingy. 2 considercote for 

Manav7a-rau, a. internally un- 

86 Manumanu 

M§,nawS,reka, a. joleased; satis- 
fied. Katahi ano au ka mana- 
wareka, ka riro mai hoki te utu 
o toku kakahu. 

Manei, n. Monday. 

Manene, n. importunate; asking 
again and again. Kaore e tika 
i a koe nga korero na, e manene 
na koe ki a tera. 

manene, v. t. tighten a lashing by 

Manene, n. stranger ; one living 
in a strange country. 

Mania, n. 1 plain country. 2 a 
kind of tussock. 

Mania, a. 1 slipjoery. 2 sliding 
readily over another object. 3 
feeling a jarring sensation; set 
on edge. Ka mania oku niho. 
tingling. Ka mania nga taringa. 

maniania, a. noisy. 

Manihi, v. t. make steep. Me 
manihi a kona kei eke mai te 
poaka. — Katahi ka manihitia to 
matou haere ; then we marched 
in even file. 

Manihira, n. a small fish. 

Maninohea, a. 1 disgusted. Ehara 
i te hanga te maninohea o roto 
o toku puku i te mahi a te ta- 
ngata ra. 2 offensive; repul- 

I. Mano, a. thousand. 

II. Mano, n. inner part; heart. 
Kei aua noa atu, kei te mano o 
te whenua. — He wai mano- 
whenua; a perm,anent spring of 

Manoao, n. a tree. 

Manono, n. coprosm^a grandifolia ; 

a shrub. 
Manowhenua, n. the mainland ; 

the interior. 
Manu, v.i. float; be launched. Ka 

manu te teretere a Paoa. 
Manii, n. 1 bird. 2 boy's kite. 
I. Manumanu, n. collar-bone. 




II. Manumanu, ;i. rotten. 
whakamanu, v.t. disbelieve. I 

wliak;iiii;uiu ;iu ki nga korero 

■whakamanumanu, v. t. treat 

ivitli co)ttt'inpt. 
Manumanua, a. rotten, of timber, 


Manuheko, n./iHliy; nasty. 
Manuhiri, n. visitor; guest. 
Manuka, n. leptospermuin scopa- 

rium or ericoides; shrubs, or 

Manukaniika, n. anxiety; rnis- 

Maniikawhaki, v. t. entice hy 

whakamanunu, v. i. act or sjjeak 

Manga, n. 1 hrancli of a tree, or 

of a river. 2 hrooh; water- 
course; ditch. 3 dredge for 

kakalii, &c. 
mamanga, v.t. handle roughly; 

Manga, n. barracoota ; thy r sites 

atun; a fish. 
Manga, n. i-emains of food after 

a meal. Ki te kai te tangata i 

te manga a te ruwahine, ka he 

ia i te ra o te riri, o te kauanga 

wai ranei. 
Mangaeka-tatara, n. a kind of 

Mangai, n. mouth. 
Mangaingai, a. slow; moving 

heavily. Mangaingai ana nga 

waewae ki te haere. 
Mangaro, a. mealy. 
Mangeao, n. tetranthera calicaris; 

a tree. 
MangemSnge, n. lygodium arti- 

culatum; a climbing fern. 
MS,ngenge, a. benumbed. 
mangengenge, a. gritty. E ma- 

ngengenge ana te piki. 

MS,ng6o, v.i. itch. Tu porangi 
noa ana ki te rakuraku i te 
inangeo. (77) 

Mangere, a. lazy. Mangere ho- 
nia, excessively lazy. 

Mangi, a. weakened; unnerved; 
the effect of grief, hunger, &c. 
Kei te mangi noa au ki taku 
tainaiti ka riro. 

Mangiongio, n. chilblai7i. 

Mango, n. shark; dogfish; muste- 
lus anta7'cticus. 

Mangohe, a. soft. He mangohe 
noa te powhatu nei. 

Mango-pare, n. 1 hammer-headed 
shark; zygcena malleus. 2 a 
pattern of carving. 

Mango-tipi, n. a pattern of carv- 

Mangii, mamangu, or mangu- 
mangu, a. black. 

mangumangu, or mamangu, n. 

Mangungu, a. 1 closely knitted, 
or tvoven. 2 broken off. Ma- 
ngungu noa tona waewae i te 
takanga i runga i te hoiho. 

mangungiingu, a. gritty ; grat- 

Mao, V. i. leave off raining. Kia 
mao akuanei, ka haere tatou.— 
He pata whakamao, a clearing 

Maoa, I a. 1 cooked. 2 ripe. 3 

Maoka, J ulcerated. 

Maomao, n. 1 ditrema violacea; 
a fish. 2 a variety of johormium 
tenax with very dark edges. 

Maomaoa, n. first fruit of a ku- 
mara-ground. I haere ki te 
kawe i te maomaoa ki a Ue- 
nuku. (107) 

Maonga, a. the same as maoa. 

I. Maori, a. 1 properly, of the 
normal, or usual kind. Tangata 
maori; man of the Polynesian 
race, as opposed to the white- 




skinned European. Kuri maori; 
dog, as distinguished from other 
large quadruj^eds. Kaipuke 
maori; sailing ship, as opposed 
to steamers. Rakau maori; 
timber of inferior descriptions. 
Wai maori; fresh water. 2 
native to New Zealand. 

whakamaori, v. i. render into 
tlie Maori language. 

II. Maori, v.t. observe; take notice 
(perhaps used only in calling at- 
tention to a fact.) Maori koe 
kahore he kai o tenei wahi. 

Maota, a., fresh-grown ; green. 

Mapara, n. 1 resin of the kahi- 
hatea tree. 2 ivood saturated 
toith resin. 3 comb. 

Mapau, or mapou, n. myrsine 
Urrillei; a shrub or small tree. 

whakamapau, v. i. turn brotvn, 
or red. Ka whakamapau te 
tupu o te kai. 

Mapere, n. a species of gahnia. 

Mapi, n. map. 

Mapii, V. i. 1 whiz; hum. 2 sob ; 
siqh. 3 pant. Tangi ana te 
mapu i te omanga. 4 shout. 

Mapiia, a. bearing abundance of 

mapua, n. black shag ; a bird. 

Mapunapuna, a. rippling. 

Mapiinga, n. large shag. 

Mapura, n. fre. Compare ka- 

Mara, n. p/o;! of ground under 
cultivation; farm. 

I. Mara, n. a term of address to a 
in;in. E mara! 

II. Mara, a. prepared by steeping 
in fresh ivater. He koura mara. 
— Kahore i mara ta taua koura. 

Marae, n. enclosed space in front 

of a house; yard. 
Marahea, a. of low degree. 
Marake, and marakerake, a. 1 

bare; baLL 2 exposed to view; 


MarS,nia, a. 1 light; not dark. 2 
t^rinsparenf. Marama kehokeho 
te moana. (6o) 3 clear sound- 
ing ; loud. 4 easy to under- 

maramarama, a. somewhat light. 

Marama, n. moon; month. 

Maramara, n. chip; splinter; 
small piece. 

Maranga, v. i. rise up. Maranga 
tatou, e ta ma, ka ao te ra. 

Marangai, n. 1 east wind. 2 gale 
of ivind with rain. 3 heavy surf 

Marapeka, n. haliotis virginica, 
a small species of sea-ear : called 
also korori"wha. 

Marara, a. scattered; separated. 
Kua marara ke nga tangata ki 
a ratou mahinga. 

mararara, a. rather scattered. 

■whakamarara, v. t. scatter. 

Marari, n. a lish; a variety of 
granite trout. 

Maratata, n. polypodium Bil- 
lardieri; a fern. 

Maratea, n. a fish. 

Marau, w. fork. 

Mare, v. i. cough. 

mare, and maremare, n. cough; 

Marea, a. many ; midtitudinous. 

m,arearea, n. a fish; the same as 

Mareherehe, n. trouble. 

Marena, v.t. marry. 

Marere, n. 1 kumara used in cer- 
tain ceremonies previous to 
jylanting. 2 the first kumara 
planted with due ceremonies by 
the tohunga. 

Marere, v. i. 1 drop ; fall (of solid 
bodies). 2 be given. E kore e 
marere atu aku kai. (187) 3 die. 
Kua marere taku tamaiti i te po 
nei. 4 let oneself down; get 




MS,r§wa, a. raised uj), Nawai i 
r.iro, a ka marewa ki runga 
iiiaiui ai. (155) 

Mariao, n. ulcer. 

I. Marie, a. quiet; appeased. Kua 
marie tona ngakau. See ma- 

whakamarie, v.t. appease; pro- 
pit iafc. 

II. Marie, it is good. Marie ano 
kia haere mai koe. (199) 

Merino, a. cahn. Ana ra e hoe 
aiaiiei: kia niarino te moana. 

marino-to, or marino-tokitoki, 
very calm. 

Maringi, v. i. be spilt. 

maringiringi, v. i. be sjnlt little 
by little. 

Maripi, n. knife. 

Marire, a. q^iiet; gentle; appeased. 

marire, ad. 1 quietly; gently. 2 
deliberately ; carefully. He mea 
taliu marire toku whare i wera 
ai. 3 thoroughly ; quite. He ui 
pai marire taku ui. 

Mariri, a. tranquillized ; cdlayed. 
Na ka mariri nei te ngakau 
Rangi raua ko Tawhiri. (6) 

mariri, n. imripe fruit of tawa. 
Compare koriri. 

Maro, a. 1 stretched otU; stiff. 
Ka maro a raua aho. (25) 2 
hard; solid. Ka maro te paru 
o tenei wahi; me kau tu. 3 un- 
yielding ; headstrong. 4 going 
on one's coiorse. Kia maro te 

maroro, a. 1 somewhat stiff, &c. 
2 strong. E kore pea koe e 
maroro aianei. 
maro, n. fathom, measured with 

the arms extended. 
"whakamaro, v.t. extend, &c. 
Maro, n. girdle, or apron; worn 

by females. 
Marohi, n. 1 common fern; j)teris 
aquilina. 2 fern-root. Ka ngiha 

te ahi marohi. (18S) 

Marohirohi, a. 1 dispirited; 
tveary. E marohirolii ana ahau 
i te roa o te ara. 2 strong. 

Marokau, a. single; tminarried ; 
of females. 

Maroke, a. dry. Maroke ki toku 

■whakam.aroke, n. eaves of a 

Marokopua, n. girdle, or apron; 
worn by females. 

Maroniii, n. married wonianwhose 
liusband is absent. 

Maroro, see under m.ar6. 

Maroro, n. exoccetus speculiger; 
fying-fsh. 'He maroro kokoti 
ihu waka' a proverbial saying 
for one who falls into the hands 
of a hostile war-party. 

■whakamaroro, v. i. be quick. 

Maroro, a. tvasted; destroyed. Kia 
maroro katoa ai te whenua o 
Tane i a ia. (6) 

Maru, a. gentle. 

m.arii, n. lej)tosp)ermum ericoides; 
a tree. 

Marii, n. 1 ])Ower; cmthority. Na 
te maru i a ia, koia matou i 
mataku ai. 2 shield; safeguard. 
Ko ia to matou rangatira, hei 
maru mo o matou whenua i 
reira. 3 a water-plant. 

m.aru, a. 1 shaded; sheltered. Ka 
marumaru tenei kainga i te 
rakau. 2 proof against rain. 

■whakamarumaru, v. t. shade; 
sh elter. 

Maru, a. 1 briiised; crushed. 2 
killed. Kua maru ke nga poaka 
te tukituki. 3 cooked. E mau- 
ria mai na ko te mea torouka, 
ko te kete maru. 
Mariia, n. pit; valley. 
Marviaia, n. head. 
Mariiao, n. datvn of day. 
Mariiaroa, n. the name of the 




second month. 

Marumaruaitu, v.i. appear sud- 
denly. Na te marumaruaitu o 
taua tangata ki runga ki a au, 
na reira au i oho ai. 

Marurii, n. iveakness; sickness. 
Ina hoki ka tukua mai e ia tenei 
maruru hei mea e pe ai nga 
keretu o te raara, ara o te nga- 

Marutuna, a. had; tvorthless. 

Mata, n. 1 heajy. Na tonu te mata 
manu a Turei te tiketike. 2 
car ex terethiscula ; a plant. 

I. Mata, n. Iface. 2 eye. 3 edge. 
4 point. 5 medium of com- 
munication with a spirit. 6 
charm. He mata tawhito te 
karakia a Tamure. (172) 7 lyiesh 
of a net. 8 a fish. 

matamata, n. 1 poi^it; extremity. 

2 headland. He kino no nga 
matamata i hoki ai te waka ra. 

3 source. Nei nga matamata o 
te awa. 4 young of nauhuri ; 
a fish. 

II. Mata, a. raw; uncooked; un- 
ripe; green. He mata nga kai 

Mata, n. 1 flint., quartz, or ob- 
sidian, used for cutting. Homai 
he mata kia haea ki taku kiri. 
— Mata-waiapu, stone found 
at Waiapu, near the East Cape. 
• — Mata-Tuhua, obsidian found 
at Mayor Island. — Mata-kau- 
tete, saw-like weapon, made of 
sharks' teeth fastened to a 
wooden frame. 2 lead; bullet. 

Mataaho, n. window. 

Mataara, v.i. watch; keep awake. 
He kai-mataara; a ivatchman. 

Mataati, a. first procured. Ka- 
wea te mea mataati ma te ra- 

Mataeo, n. north-ivest wind. 

Matahae, n. divergent stream irom 

the main channel of a river. 

Matahanahana, a. blushing; 

Mataharehare, a. offensive. Naku 
te kupu i mataharehare i roto i 
ta matou korero i te po nei. 

Matahi, n. tlie first month of the 
Maori year; properly called 
'matahi o te tau,' and known by 
the appearance of the Pleiades 
on the eastern horizon shortly 
before sunrise, which occurs 
about the 15th of June. — Ma- 
tahi-kari-piwai ; the twelfth 
month. See under piwai. 

Matahiapo, a. p7'ecious; p7-ized. 

Matai, v. t. seek to obtain by arti- 
fice; contrive to get without 
directly asking. Tau mahi he 
matai: kaore koe e whakama? 

Matai, n. j)odocarpus sjncata; a 

Mataika, first perso7i taken or 
killed in fight. Kei a au te 

Mataitai, a. tasting of salt; 
brackish. He mataitai te wai 
o tenei kainga. 

mataitai, n. 1 fish. Kai tonu ia 
i te mataitai taua roto. (78) 2 
salt pjrovisions. 

Matakahi, n. wedge. Iti te ma- 
takahi; paoa atu ano; na, pota- 
pota noa. 

Matakana, a. 1 wary; on the 
look o'iit. Me matakana nga 
kanohi i enei rangi e takoto nei. 
2 shy; distrustfd. Ko nga mea 
matakana, me whakarata. 

Mataka'wa, a. 1 distasteful. 2 

Matakeke, a. hating ; hearing ill- 
feeling towards one. Me pena 
rawa korua ko to taina, me ma- 
takeke rawa? 

Mataki, or matakitaki, v. t. 
look at; inspect; watch. Ka 


mea kia inatakitaki ia ki taua 

puhi. (175) 
Matakite, n. oiie who foresees an 

matakite, v.i. practise divina- 
tion. Katahi ia ka tuhi i tona 

atua, ara ka matakite, hei titiro 

i tona aitua. (175) 
Matakokiri, n. meteor. 
Matakoma, a. swollen. He ringa 

Matakorero, n. preface. 
Matakil, v.i. he afraid. Pass. 

matakuria, he feared. E kore 

ia e matakuria e ana pononga. 
mataku, a. \ fearful; afraid. 2 

inspiring fear . 3 incompatihle. 

He kai mataku te kumara i te 

whakamataku, v.t. terrify. 
Matakupenga, n. fat tvhich covers 

the intestines. 
Matakurae, n. headland. 
Matakupu, n. preface. 
Matamata, see under mata. 
Matamata-huia, n. linujn mono- 

gynuni: a plant. 
Matamata-raupo, n. a variety of 

the fish called moho. 
Matamoe, n. a kind of eel caught 

in rivers. 
Matamua, a. 1 first. Kua oti 

noa ake ra hoki i a ia tana mahi 

matamua te whakarite e ia. (14) 

2 elder. Ae, e o maua matamua, 

ka tika. (12) 
Mataniii, a. ojien; ahove-hoard. 
Matanga, a. understanding; ex- 
perienced. Na nga matanga i 

haramai, i tapahi. 
Matangaro, a. Te kaho mata- 

ngaro, the batten next to the 

Matangata, n. a univalve mol- 

Matangerengere, 1 henumhed; 

cramped. Ka matangerengere 

91 Matarere 

toku ringa. 2 grieved; vexed- 
3 (isliarned. 

Matangi, n. wind. 

Matangohi, n. first person killed 
or taken in war. Kei a au te 
matangohi. (119) 

Matangiiruguru, a. 1 numbed. 
Ka matangurunguru oku ringa- 
ringa i te kopeke. 2 disap- 
pointed; mortified. Haere ma- 
tangurunguru atu ana. 

Matao, a. cold. Kia matao nga 
kumara ka kainga ai. 

mataotao, a. cool. 

I. Mataora, a. living ; alive. Kia 
kite mataora matou i a Tupe. 

II. Mataora, n. wedge. 
Matapihi, n. windoiv. 
Matapiko, a. stingy. 
Matapo, a. blind. 
Matapopore, a. watchful over; 

careful of. Kia matapopore ki 
nga kai, kei hohoro te pau. 

Matapouri, a. gloomy; sad. 

matapouri, n. a species of duck. 

Matapiina, n. source of a river. 

Matara, a. 1 untied; tmtwisted. 
Kua matara te taura. 2 dis- 
tant. Kia matara atu te tura- 
nga mo te whare. 

Matarahi, or matararahi, a. 

Matarau, a. having many points ; 

matarau, n. 1 forked spear for 
catching fish; grains. 2 net 
fastened to a hoop for catching 

Matarehe, n. a kind of eel. 

Matareka, a. pleasant. 

m.atareka, v.t. like; he fond of. 
He mea i matarekatia, na reira 
i okaka ai. 

Matarekereke, a. bemimhed. 

Matarere, n. forerunner ; har- 
binger. Kua riro te matarere, 
a te Manihera. 




Matariki, n. a north-east sea 

Matariki, n. Pleiades; the sign 

of the first month. 
Matariikuruku, a. 1 benumbed. 

2 annoyed. Ko ia na toku 

Matata, a bird; the same as toe- 
Matata, v. i. 1 be split; gape. Kua 

matata te kakau o te toki. 2 

open. Me kore e matata tona 

waha ki te whakaatu mai i etahi 

whakaaro ke e puta ake i roto i 

a ia. 
Matata, v.t. 1 carry on a litter. 

He mea matata te tangata ra. 

2 defend with a pad. He mea 

matata ki te raupo kei tata ki 

nga kowheka. 
matata, n. a shrub. 
Matataau, v. i. move aside. Ma- 

tataau koe ki tahaki, he pouri 

i a matou. 
Matataki, v.t. challenge. Com- 
pare taki. 
Matatara, n. dam for water. 
Matatau, a. looking steadily, or 

constantly. Kia matatau mai 

koutou ki a matou. 
Matata"wha, a. oj^en. Kua ara 

to tamaiti, kua matatawha nga 

Matatea, v. i. become fair (of 

weather). Te matateatanga i te 

rangi nei, ka haere mai nei 

Matatengi, a. thick. Kia penei 

te matatengi o te kakahu. 
Matatira, a. in a row. Matatira 

tonu to ratou tu. (38) 
Matatoua, a. dimrned. Ka ma- 

tatoua nga kanohi i te tiroha- 

Matatu, V. i. begin to flow. Ka- 

tahi ano te tai ka matatu mai. 
Matatu, a. wakeful, E kore e 

moe; matatu tonu, kei horo te 

Matau, V. t. 1 know ; be ac- 
qiiainted with. 2 understand. 
^ feel certain of. 

whakamatau, v.t. 1 make to 
know; teach. WHakamatauria 
ahau ki te reo Maori. 2 make 
trial of Kua whakamatau ahau 
i tera kai; ehara hoki. 

Matau, pron. for matou, we. 

Matau, n. hook. 

Matau, a. right; on the right 
hand. Kei te taha matau te 

Matauru, v.i. begin to floiv (of 
the tide). 

Mata"wai, n. fountain-head. 

Matawaia, a. filled with tears. 
Kua matawaia ona kanohi. 

Matawero, n. charm for killing a 

Mate, a. 1 dead. Ka patua nga 
tohunga, ka mate. (56) 2 ex- 
tinguished. Ka mate te ahi. 
(25) 3 cut or otherwise pre- 
^xwec/ for building, &c. Kamate 
nga rakau mo te whare o NGa- 
tikahungunu. 4 sick; ill. Kua 
mate; kahore i mate rawa. (45) 
5 in want of anything. 6 over- 
come with admiration, &c. Mate 
noa ake ki te pai o te wahine 
ra. (167) — Ka mate i te wha- 
kama. (187) 1 calmed down. Ka 
mate te moana. 8 moving 
slowly; slack. Tai mate; slack 
water. 9 With passive termina- 
tion, m.atea; be needed. 

mate, n. 1 death. He ope tangi 
mate; people on a visit of con- 
dolence. 2 sickness. 3 danger. 

■whakamate, v. t. 1 j)ii< to death. 
2 cause to be sick. 

Matenui, v.t. 1 desire earnestly. 
2 sheiv attention to. Kia mate- 
nui koe ki toku teina. 


Matenga, n. he(td. 

Matengatenga, a. 1 benumbed; 
cr((mj/f;({. 2 aching. Ka ma- 
tengatenga toku tuara. 3 dis- 
ffusted. Haere matengatenga atu 
ana. 4caiisin(/ jHmi. Kianunui 
te tao, kia matengatenga ai. 

Matengi, a. three. (R.) 

Mateoha, a. loving; fond. He 
mateoha tonu ki a raua i haere 
talii tonu ai raua. 

Materoto, n. miscarriage; abor- 

Matewai, a. thirsty. 

Matia, n. spear. 

Matihao, n. finger; clatv. 

Matihe, v.i. sneeze. 

I. Matika, n. fish-hook. 

II. Matika, v. t. carry on a litter. 

III. Matika, v.i. rise up. Kua ma- 
tika mai nga tangata. 

Matikara, n. 1 finger. 2 fish- 

Matike, v.i. o-ise from a recum- 
bent position. 

Matiko, v.i. 1 descend. Matiko 
iho ki raro. 2 run. 

Matikiiku, n. iiail of a finger or 
toe; clatv; hoof. 

Matimati, n. toe. 

Matipou, n. myrsine Urvillei; a 
tree. See mapou. 

Matire, and matiretire, n. 1 
icand used in the ceremony of 
'pure.' He rau kei runga, he 
kawa : kahore he rau, he matire. 
2 small stick or twig baited with 
a tvorm, for kokopu. 

Matiro, v. t. beg for food. 

Matiti, n. 1 p>eg ; wedge, for tight- 
ening anything. 2 a dry branch 
of a tree, frequented by birds 
and resorted to for the purpose 
of catching them. 

Matitore, a. sjMt. Kua matitore 
te rakau. 

93 Matuku 

Mato, n. deep .s7vamp; deep valley. 

matomato, a. 1 cool. He wai 
niatoniato, he liohonu. 2 green; 
groiving viyoronsly. 

Matoha, a. 1 untied; undone. 2 

Matohu, n. mark. 

Matoke, a. cold. 

Matoro, v.t. woo; pay addresses 
to. {131) 

Matorii, n. crowd. Ko tetahi, 
hopu noa ai i waenga parae; ko 
tetahi, tiki tonu ai i roto i te 
matoru tangata. 

matotorii, a. thick. Kia mato- 

toru nga toetoe mo te whare. 
. Matoru, a. benumbed. 

matorutoru, a. bemimbed. 

Matou, pr. rve, excluding the per- 
son addressed. 

Matou, n. fruit of drimys axil- 
laris, or horopito. 

Matii, n. fat. 

Matiia, ad. first. Matua ano te- 
nei e hanga. 

matua, and matiiatua, a. im- 
portant; large; abundant. He 
matua te ika o 'tera kainga. 

matua, n. 1 main body of an 
army. 2 plural of m.atua, 

Matua, n. 1 parent, and more 
especially y«^Ae?-. Ko te matua 
o Tawhaki i mauria matetia 
atu, ko te wahine anake i haere 
ora. (46) — plural m.atua. 2 
division of an army ; company ; 
plural matiia. Ko nga matua 
a nga tuakana, he maha ano 
nga tangata. (10 1) 

Matuakore, n. a tree. 

Matiiakumara, n. geranium dis- 
sectum ; a plant. 

Matiiatua, n. a kind of eel. See 
also under m.atiia. 

Matukii, n. bitter^i, a bird ; called 
also matuku-hurepo. 




matuku-moana, n. a bird fre- 
quenting the sea-shore. 

matukutuku, n. 1 a bird. 2 a 
species of moss. 

Maturuturu, v. i. trickle in droits; 

Matutu, a. 1 convalescent. 2 
remedied. Ka matutu te mate 
o te turoro. 

I. Mau, n. 2^'>^oductions of the earth. 
He mau pal nga mau o tenei 

II. Mau, v.t. 1 carry. E mau 
ana i nga hoe ki te waka. 2 
take up ; lay hold of (followed 
by ki). Ka mau a Tutanekai 
ki ona kahu, ki tana patu. (133) 

III. Mau, a. 1 fixed. Ka toia a 
Tainui, kaore i paneke ; te mau- 
nga iho ano, mau tonu. (75) 2 
continuing , lasting. Ka riro i 
nga tama a Rangitihi a Roto- 
rua ; mau nei, mau nei, a whaka- 
tupuria noatia nga mano ta- 
ngata nei i reira. (io3)^Kia 
mau! stay! 3 confined; re- 
strained. 4 o.vertaken. Katalii 
ka whaia; mau rawa atu ki Te 
Hoe. 5 seized. Te taenga ki 
Turanga ka mau i a Piki. 6 
Ka mau te wehi! How dread- 

whakamau, v.t. 1 fasten; fix. 2 
be intent ujjon. He waliine e 
whakamaua ana; a woman ivho 
is run after. 

■whakamau-mahara, v. i. serve 
as a memorial. He mea tika 
tenei ma tatou, kia whai whaka- 
mau-maharatanga mona. 

Mau, pron. 2nd person singular 
with preposition ma; for thee. 
See II. iria. 

Maua, pron. we two; excluding 
the person addressed. 

Mauahara, v. i. cherish ill feeling, 
or hatred. E mauahara tonu ana 

taua tangata ki a au. 
Mauatara, a. ow one side. 
Maui, a. left; on the left hand. 
Ka tae ki te pekanga o te ara, 
me haere ki maui. 
Mauiui, a. wearied. Ka mauiui 
oku pokohiwi i te amohanga i 
te wahie. 
mauiui, n. that on which one has 

Mauka, a. d7y. 
Maukoro, n. carmichoilia austra- 

lis ; a shrub. 
Mauku, n. 1 hymeno-phyllum of 
various species. 2 co7'dyline 
jyumilio ; a plant. 
maukuuku, n. a plant. 
Maukilra, n. a variety of kumara; 

the same as torowhenua., v. t. tvaste. Ka raru- 
raru nga rangatira te Arawa 
mo te maumaunga i a ratou 
kura. (79), ad. to no purpose. Mau- 
mau kake noa ahau ki runga ki 
te maunga. See 
Maunu, n. bait. 

Maunu, v. i. 1 be drawn from belt, 
sheath, <fec. Maunu te paraoa, 
kua motu te upoko. (102) 2 
com,e out; be loosened. Ka 
maunu te kakau o te toki. 3 
be taken off, as clothes, &c. Ka 
maunu nga kakahu ka rere ki 
te wai. 4 set forth; emigrate. 
Ka maunu taua hunga, ka whai 
haere ano i a raua. (68) 5 be- 
gin to ebb (of the tide). 
Maunga, n. 1 inountain. 2 see 

under iii. 
Maungarua, n. rat. 
Mauranga, n. from 11. mau. 
Maure, n. the mooii on the ttvelfth 
day. Me te maure ka puta ake 
i te pae. (167) 
Maurea, n. 1 a spiral shell. 2 a 
kind of tussock. 




Mauri, n. 1 heart- seat of fear, 
&c. Ka oho taku mauri i te 
puhanga o te pu. 2 poles of 
mapou used in the 'pure' cere- 
mony, sometimes called toko- 
mauri. 3 sacred offering. Ka 
taia [te karangu] e te tohunga 
ki te mauri. 4 the riioon on the 
twenty-ninth day. 5 totara 
timber, of dark colour, and not 
lieiivy; in request for canoes. 

Mauru, n. north-west wind. 

Maurii, a. quieted; eased. Ka 
mauruuru te mamae ; the pain is 
somewhat eased. 

"whakamauru, a v.t. 1 quiet; 
appease. 2 heej) steady. Puritia 
te taura hei whakamauru. /3 
V. i. subside. E whakamauru ana 
mai te tangi o te pu. 

Mau-tara-kini, a. held by the 
2)oint, or by one end. 

Maute, n. fii-e. 

Mauvrha, n. small bushes; brush- 
ivood. Ka ngaro ki ro mauwha. 

Ma^vake, n. south-east sea breeze 
(perhaps peculiar to the district 
south of the East Cape). 

Ma'welie, v. i. be separated. Ka- 
tahi ka mawehe a Rangi raua 
ko Papa. (4) 

Mawera, a. 1 broken into separate 
masses, as clouds. He mawera 
te rangi; he uapo. 2 uneasy in 
mind. Ka nui toku mawera. 
Compare pa"wera. 

Mawete, a. untied. Kua mawete 
te kawe. 

Ma"whai, n. sicyos angulatus; a 

Mawhaki, a. broken. Kua ma- 
whaki taku ngira. 

Mawharu, n. the rnoon on the 
thirteenth day. 

Mawhatii, a. hanging in curls; 
covered tvith curly hair. He 
upoko mawhatu. 

Ma"whe, u. faded in colour. 

Ma^whera, a. open. 

ma'whera, n. mouth. 

Ma"wheto, a. untied; loosened. 

Mawhiti, v. i. 1 leap; skip. 2 es- 

niawhiti"whiti, n. grasshopper. 

Ma"whiti, n. ichite dogskin mat ; 
the same as mahiti. 

I. Me, conj. 1 if; generally imply- 
ing the reverse of the condition 
expressed. Me he manu kua 
rere noa atu. (16)— He tika me 
i te tohe tonu ki te karanga. 
(148) — Often in the form 'me 
he mea,' if the case were that, 
&c. Me he mea na te tangata 
tenei mahinga, e kitea te wha- 
riki o te waka. 2 as if; like; 
as it were. Me he kawau pu te 
ahua. (138) — Rite tahi me tenei. 
3 after penei, pena, and pera, 
not translated. 

II. Me, prep, with; denoting con- 
comitance or concurrence in 
time; often to be rendered by 
and. Ka puta te hau, te ua, te 
whatitiri, me te ngaru katoa o 
te moana. (93) — Kei te kai ano 
ratou, me tana tikanga ano o 
aua rangi mua ra; me te kai, 
me te tangi. (94) 

III. Me, verbal particle, forming 
an imperative future. When 
used with a transitive verb, the 
verb frequently has a passive 
signification. Me hoe rawa ki 
te au o te moana. Let [our 
canoe] be paddled away to mid- 
ocean. (21) — Ae, me haere ke 
atu au. Yes, I had better go 
away. (10) — The following usage 
also is not unfrequently met 
with. Kati me he purupuru i 
nga korero. Leave off inter- 
fering tvith freedorti of speech. 

Mea, n. 1 thing. Ko te mea tenei 




i korero ra aliau ki a koe. 2 
a pronoun or substitute for 
another noun; sometimes to be 
rendered by 'o?ie,' and some- 
times not to be translated. 
Tirohia mai tetahi kowhatu, hei 
te mea nui. — He mea whakairi 
ki runga noi ai. (ii). — Te mea 
kaha o ratou, ko Pitaka. 3 
such a one; mea ma, such and 
such persons. 

I te mea, when. Ki te m.ea, 
in case that; if. Me he mea, 
if the case ivere that. Me te 
mea, as if it were; like. Mo 
te mea. No te mea, Ta te 
m.ea, because. 

m.ea, v. t. 1 do ; deed with. Often 
as a substitute for a more de- 
finite word. Meatia te mea nei. 
2 cause; make. Nana ano i 
mea kia pa ia. (i6) 3 say. Ka 
mea atu a Manaia, 'Kau mai; 
kahore he wai.' (120) '^intend; 
ivish. I mea hoki ratou kia tiro- 
hia paitia ia. (193) 5 think. Ka 
mea a Ha, ka mate ia. (96) 6 to 
denote lapse of time, when it 
may sometimes be rendered, yo 
on. Me te rere haere te waka 
ra, a te Arawa ; mea, mea, a, ka 
taka kei waho o Maketu. (74) — 
Mea kau ake, very soon; imme- 

m.eam.ea, a. Tama meamea; son 
by ff slave-ivife. 

Meake, ad. (mea ake) soon. See 

Meatingia, a passive of mea. 

Meham.eha, a. lonely; solitary. 
Mehameha kau ana tenei whe- 

Mehemea, conj. if. See under 
I. m.e. 

Meho, -A. false. He meho! Fudge! 
a contemptuous contradiction. 

Mrhua, n. or V. t. measure. 

Mei, prep, nccurduty to; judging 
by. Mei te ahua. 

Mei, n. the month of May. 

Meiha, n. major. 

Meinga, ] passives of mea. 

Meingatia, f See mea. 

Meka, a. true. Only in the ex- 
pression, He meka, he meka ! 
True., true! 

Mekam.eka, n. chain. 

Mekari, ad. ivithin a little. Me- 
kari tatou mate. 

I. Meke, v. t. strike with tlie fist. 

II. Meke, n. pounded fernroot. 
Meko, V. t. witlihold; refuse to 

fiive. Ka meko te tangata nei 

i tana waka. 
Mekore, ad. within a little. Me- 

kore e tahuri te poti. 
Memeha, v. i. be dissolved; pass 

aivay. Kua memeha ke te hau- 

papa i te whitinga o te ra. 
Memene, see under 11. mene. 
Memenge, see under menge. 

I. Mene, v. i. be assembled. Kua 
mene mai nga tangata o te kai- 
nga. Compare m.ine. 

whakamene, v. t. call tofiether. 

II. Mene, menemene, memene, 
V. i. s]le^v tcrinkles. Ka memene 
ona paparinga; he smiles. 

Menge, memenge, a. 1 shrivelled; 
tcitliered. Ka koroheketia, ka 
memenge nga ringa, nga uaua. 
2 rvrinkled. Titiro ai au ki te 
paparinga o te tangata, ki te 
memenge. (Of the wrinkling of 
the cheeks in smiling.) 

Mere, n. a stone weapon for hand 
to hand fighting, sometimes 
called meremere. 

Merekara, n. miracle. 

Merengi, n. vielon. 

Meroiti, a. small; inconsiderable. 
He meromeroiti kau te mate. 

Metararahi, a. great. 

Meto 97 

M6t6, a. putrid. Ka metoa nga 

MiERK, n. honey. 
Mier6, v. i. become powerless; be 

exhausted. Ka powharu Wai- 

kato, ka miere Taiiranga. 

I. Miha, n. distant descendant. 
Tupu rawa i te miha, katahi ka 
ngakia tona mate. 

mihamiha, v. i. beyin to grow, as 

II. Mih§,, V. i. tvonder. 
Mihar6, v.t. tvonder at; admire. 

Pass, miharotia, be regarded 
with wonder or admiration. 

miharo, a. causing wonder. He 
mahi miharo te mahi a te pa- 

Mihi, v.t. 1 sigh for; lainent. No 
reira i mihi ai a Tuau ki ana 
tamariki me tana wahine. (i 1 1) 
2 greet. Mihi atu ana, mihi 
ana mai; ka mutu te mihimihi, 
ka ui. (122) 3 acknoivledge an 

MiHiNARE, n. missionary. 

Mikara, n. kiiife. 

Mikimiki, n. for mingimingi ; 
leucopogon fasciculatus, a shrub. 

Mikd, n. areca sapida; New Zea- 
land palm-tree. 

Mimi, V. i. make water. 

mimi, n. urine. 

Mimiha, n. 1 a black bituminous 
substance found in the sea. 2 

Mimira, see under mira. 

Mimir6, v.t. draw together the 
sides of a canoe. Koia i ki ai 
au kai mimirotia to tatou waka 
inaianei. See also under miro. 

Mimiti. See under miti. 

Mina, or ininS,niina, a v.t. have 
a longing for. Minamina ana 
taku kaki ki t6 kai reka. /? v. i. 
have flavour. Minamina auahi; 
taste of smoke. 


Minaka, v.t. desire. E minaka 
ana taku waha ki te kai nei. 

MinS, V. i. be assembled. 

whakamine, v.t. assemble. 

MixiTA, n. minister. 

Mingi, n. 1 cyathodes acerosa; a 
shrub. 2 leticopogon fascicula- 
tns; a shrub. 

Ming6, a. curled ; curly. 

mimingS, a. shrivelled up. 

mingomingo, a. crisped; frizzled. 

Mira, n. 7nill. 

Mira, n. Mira-tuatini, a saw-like 
weapon made of sharks' teeth 
fastened to a piece of wood. 

miramira, n. uvula. 

miramira, a. at a red heat. Ka 
roa te kainga a te ahi, na, mira- 
mira kau ana te rino. 

miramira, v. t. give promineyice 
to. Naku i miramira te korero 

m.imira, v. t. fasten on the haurni 
or bow-piece to the body of a 

■whakam.ira, n. lower portion oj 
a fsliing-line, protected by a 
thread wound tightly round it. 

■whakam.iramira, v. t. make much 
of; treat tvith deference. He mea 
whakamiramira naku taku ta- 
maiti; kei a koe ka tonoa. 

Mira, v. t. tend carefully ; cherish. 

Miri, n. a mat like the korowai, 
but of a coarser description. 

Miri, v.t. 1 rub. 2 shell maize; 
separate the grain from the cob. 
3 pass close to ; touch in passing. 
Kia miri kau to tatou waka i te 
taha o te toka. 

I. Miro, n. podocarjius ferruginea, 
a tree. 

II. Miro, v.t. spin; twist. Miroa 
he alio hi ika ma tatou. 

miro, n. 1 thread. 2 whirling 

current of water. 
m.iro, a. whirling; moving in 




spirals. Ehara i te au miro nei 
toxia au; engari he tika tonu. 

mimiro, v.i. move swiftly. Haere, 
miroia, kia tere te haere. 

miromiro, n. petroica ioitoi, a 
small bird. 

Miti, v.t. lick; lick up. 

mimiti, a, 1 dried up. Kua mi- 
miti te wai o te repo. 2 swal- 
lowed up; exterminated. E! ka 
mimiti toku iwi, akuanei pea ka 
mate hoki ko au. 

Mo, prep. 1 for; on account of. 
Ka kawe nei a Tinirau ki te 
rapu utu mo tana tamaiti. (38) 

2 /o7' the benefit of; for the use 
of. NGa aruhe hei o mo te 
taua. (40) — Ka wahia i te tu- 
ngaroa he ara whakaputanga 
mo tana tamaiti ki waho. (52) 

3 for, i.e., to hold, etc. Me 
raranga he kete mo nga kai. 4 
against; in p7'eparation for. 
Kia angiangi ai te poho o te 
tangata mo te turanga i te aroa- 
kapa o te haka. (166) 

M5a, n. 1 dinornis of various 
species; extinct birds. 2 a kind 
of stone. 3 bed or raised plot 
in a garden. 

■whakamoa, v. t. lay in a heap. 
WHakamoaina nga powhatu. 

"whakamoamoa, v.t. economise; 

Moana, n. 1 sea. 2 roof of a 
kuiaara rua. 

MSanarua, v. t. repair a mat hy 
iveaviiKj a fresh jjiece. Kua 
tawhito te remu, kua wera ranei 
tetahi wahi, ka moanaruatia; 
ka natia houtia a runga o te 
wahi i ora, a taea noatia te 

Moari, n. a kind of siving. 

mSariari, v.i. 1 escape narron-ly. 
Ehara i te hanga tou moariari i 
te hinganira o te rakau na. 2 

be alarmed at sudden danger of 
another person. 

M5ata, a. early in the morning. 
Kia moata ki te whariki mo te 
kainga nei. (192) 

Moata, n. mortar. 

Moe, a v.i. 1 sleep. 2 dream. /S 
v.t. marry. I whakaaro ia kia 
moe ia i a Te WHatuiapiti, hei 
tane pai mana. (165) 

■whakamoe, v.t. 1 put to sleep. 
2 close the eyes. Ka whaka- 
moea nga kanohi, ko te tangata 
ia e ara ana. 3 give in mar- 
riage. Ko taku tuahine ra kia 
whakamoea ma taku hoa taka- 
tapui, ma Tiki. (135) 4 recite 
genealoofies or other traditional 
lore. He tangata whakamoe 
tau; a man who has knowledge 
of the seasons. 

momoe, a. 1 of a drowsy habit. 
2 keeping the eyes closed. Nana 
ano i momoe noa; na, ka mate 
tera iwi. (62) 

moenga, n. bed. 

Moeahii, n. melicytus ramiflorus ; 
a tree. Te tino motumotu mo 
tatou, ko moeahu. 

Moehewa, v.i. dream. 

Moemiti, v. t. praise. 

■whakamoemiti, v. t. praise. Ka 
kite a Paoa i reira i te kuku 
o Waiau, ka whakamoemiti ki 
reira. (196) 

Moemoea, n. dream. 

Moenanu, v.i. talk in one^s sleep. 

Moenga, see under moe. 

Moeone, or moeoneone, n. a 
kind of grub. 

Moetitoro, v. i. sleep ivakefully. 

Moetoropiiku, v. i. sleep wake- 

Mohani, n. fern-root. 

mohanihani, v.i. chafe. 


momohe, a. flaccid. Heoi ka 

Moheke 99 

momohe rapea ona tuatara. (154) 
Moheke, n. thick fern-root. 
M6hi, n. 11 fish. 

Mohio, V. t. understand ; recognize. 
Mau e whakahua atu i tou ingoa, 
a ka mohio mai ia ki a koe. 

mohio, a. 1 wise; intelligent. 2 

suspicious. Me pehea ra ka 

whiti ai au, ina hoki e mohio 

tonu ana te iwi nei. (132) 
whakamohio, v. t. 1 teach; catise 

to understand. 2 hint one's 

meaning in a song. 
Mdho, n. 1 a bird. 2 a fish, of 

which tliei'e four varieties, viz. 

taha - I'angi, matamata - raupo, 

upokokawa, and mahuruhuru. 

3 blockhead. 4 trouble. Ko te 

moho tena. 
■whakamoho, v.i. steal softly on 

any one. Me ata whakamoho 

momoho, a. lucky. 
M6h6a, ad. to the present time. 

I a au ano i Poihakena, a mo- 

hoa noa nei toku mate. 
M5hoao, a. wild. 
mohoao, n. man of the woods; 

barbarian. Kahore he kupu a 

te mohoao. (139) 
Mohokii, pron. for moku. 
Mohoririwai, a. shrunken; weak; 

(of tlie eyes). He kanohi moho- 
Mohu, V. i. smoulder. Ka ka 

mohu te kakahu. 
M5hu, a. selfish; stingy. 
Mohiinga, a. crushed; pulpy. 
mohiingahunga, a. crumbling; 

Moi, V. i. turn sour; ferment. Na 

te werawera i moi ai a tatou 

Moihi, V. i. stand on end, as hair, 

MSimoi, v. t, call a dog. 


M5ioio, a. groiving weakly. Mo- 
ioio ana te tupu. 

Moiri, a. susj)ended over. Ka 
moiri te ra ki te pae. 

Moka, n. 1 end; extremity. Kei 
tera moka o te pa tona whare. 
2 a kind of caterpillar. 

w^hakamomoka, a v. i. go stealth- 
ily. Kia ata whakamomoka atu 
kei oho nga parera. /? v. t. 1 
seek in a stealthy inanner. Ma 
tatou e whakamomoka he wahi 
ruru mo to tatou waka. 2 rvay- 
lay. I haere mai te Hauhau ki 
te whakamomoka pu ma ratou. 

M5ka, n. muzzle for the mouth of 
a beast. 

"whakamoka, v.t. muzzle. WHa- 
kaniokatia to kuri. 

M5kai, n. captive; slave. 

mokamokai, and mokaikai, n. 
1 bird or animal kept in con- 
finement. 2 dried human head; 
anything kept as a curiosity, he. 

Mokarakara, a. savoury. 

Moke, n. solitary person. He 
moke taua tangata, e noho ana 
ko ia anake i tona kainga. 

mokemoke, a. solitary ; lonely. 

Mokehu, n. tvhite claystone. 

Mokenu, n. trace. 

Moki, n. latris ciliaris; a fish. 

mokimoki, a. a plant used as a 
scent for oil. 

Moki, or mokihi, n. raft gene- 
I'ally made of flags or rushes. 

Mokinokino, a. lotvering; threat- 
e7iing. He rangi mokinokino. 

Moko, n. 1 tattoo marks on the 
face or body. 2 lizard. 

mokomoko, n. lizard. 

Mokomokorea, see mokorea. 

MokopiinS,, n. 1 grandchild ; child 
of a son, daughter, nephew, niece, 
&c. 2 descendant. Ko Tawhaki, 
he mokopuna na Maui. 

Mokorahi, a. great. Me he mea 





i mokorahi ake nei te liaix nei, 
kari ana tera i roto i te wliare. 

mokorahi, n. extent. 

Mokorea, and mokomokorea, 
a. scatce; solitary. Ka haere 
ka mokomokorea te tangata. 
Compare morea. 

Mokori, a word denoting satis- 
faction. Mokori ano ; it is well. 

MokoAvhiti, v. i. jump. 

Mokti, pron. first person singular 
with the preposition mo, for 
me. See mo. 

Momi, v.t. suck; suck up. 

M6mipu, a. small. Momipu te 
kaitaka i te paraikete. 

M6m.6, n. 1 ojfsjyring. He momo 
no Hinematioro. 2 race; breed. 

M6m.6e, see under m.oe. 

M6m.6hangS,, n. remnant. Kia 
ata kai i nga kai, ka whanatu 
hoki ka momohangatia. 

Mom.ohe, see under mohe. 

Mom.oka, see under m.oka. 

MomSna, a. fat; rich; fertile. 
He whenua momona. 

Moraono, see under mono. 

M6m.ori, see under m.ori. 

MSmote, see under mote. 

Mom.oto, see under moto. 

M6m.otu, n. see under m.otu. 

Momotu, n. firehrand. 

Mona, n. knot of a tree. 

Mona, pron. third person singu- 
lar with preposition mo, for 
him; for her. See m.o. 

Mona, n, 1 scar; trace. 2 decay 
in stoi'ed kumara. 

MonarSa, a. loiterinq. Ehara i 
te hanga te monaroa o te ta- 
ngata nei; ka kitea pea e ia te 
kore, ka hoki mai. 

Monehti, n. young sprout of fern. 

monenehu, n. a kind of kumara. 

monenehu, a. almost out of sight. 
Ka whakamonenehu te waka. 

MoNi, n. money. 

M6nia, and moniania, a. set on 

edge. Ka monia aku niho. 

moniania, n. Jear. Ka heme te 
moniania o te patu. 

Monimoni, v. i., be consuined. 
Monimoni noa nga kumara o 
taku rua i te kiore. 

Mono, V. t. 1 plug ; caulk. Kei 
te mono i te pakaru o te waka. 
2 disable by means of charms 
or incantations. Ka mutu te 
teka, ka maranga ko te mono. 

momono, v. t. disable by incan- 

monomono, a. odorous. 

monomono, n. odour. 

Monoao, n. dracophyllum subula- 
tum ; a shrub. 

Mong^amonga, a. crushed; broken 
to pieces. 

M6re, n. 1 tap-root. 2 a fish. 3 
headland. 4 a variety of kauri 
timber in which the wood is 
reddish ; perhaps from the root. 

moremore, v. t. make bald or 
bare; strip of branches, &c. 
Kua moremorea tera taha o te 

moremorenga, n. end; extremity. 
Te moremorenga o te ihu. — Te 
moremorenga o te poho; the 
lower end of the breast-bone. 

Morea, n. remnant. I haere mai 
au, tenei herehere, kia kite i 
enei morea kawana. 

morearea, a. 1 lonely; dreary. 
Kaore au e noho i konei i te 
morearea i a au. 2 sorroicful. 
Ko tera kua mate; ko te mo- 
rearea kau ki nga hoa noho. 3 
apprehensive ; alarmed. 4 ex- 
posed to great danger. 

Morehu, n. survivor. 

Morere, v. i. swiiig. 

M6re"wa, a. afloat. Kia morewa 
atu to tatou waka ki waho. 



morimori, a. shorn of brandies. 
He ra,kau morimori, e kore e 
taea te piki. — Morimoringa kai; 
removal of the '■tupu'' from crops. 

whakamomori, v.i. cominit sui- 
cide^ or any other act of despera- 
tion. Ka haere rawa i konei 
ki te whakamomori ki te moana, 
kia kainga e te taniwha. (27) 

Morikarika, a. 1 abominable. 
2 detesting. 

Moririwai, a. 1 shrunken. 2 
of keen sight. 

Moriroriro, v.i. 1 be almost out 
of sight ; be just visible. Mo- 
riroriro kau ake i roto i te wai. 
2 become estranged. Kei te mo- 
riroriro tatou. 

Morohe, n. fragment ; very small 

Moroiti, a. small. 

M6r6ki, ad. expressing continu- 
ance, in the phrase, Moroki noa 
nei ; (165) quite up to the present 

whakamoroki, v. i. remain un- 
moved; repress one^s feelings. 

M6r6riki, a. small. 

Mor6r6hu, n.flea. 

Moriinga, a. on high; lifted up. 
Kua morunga mai te ra. — A 
ka morunga ake taua whare. 


morururtt, n. odour of human 

morurururu, a. surfeited. Com- 
pare ngaruru. 

Mote, v.t. suck. E kore e motea 
te u o te koka i te nui o te 

mote, n. water. Kia maha nga 
kai ki te mote. 

momote, ad. 1 clandestinely. 
Kua pau te rahui a Pahe te kai 
momote. 2 greedily ; inordi- 
nately. 3 severely. He toko- 

101 Motu 

maha nga tangata o konei e 
ngaua momotetia ana e te mate. 

Motea, a. ivhite-faced. 

moteatea, a. 1 fearful ; faint- 
hearted. 2 scrupulous ; hesi- 
tating. Ka moteatea au ki te 
patu i taua tangata. 

Motengi, a. placed aloft. Kia 
motengi te kai ki runga, kei 

Motete, n. small piece; fragment. 

Moti, a. consumed ; scarce. Tuku 
rawa matou ki a matou kai kua 

whakamoti, v. t. destroy ; extir- 

MotihetihS, n. a bird. 

motihetihe, a. having the hair 
standing on end. 

Motiro, V. t. beg. He tangata 
motiro te tangata nei. 

M6to, or momfito, v. t. strike 
with the fist ; box. 

moto, n. bloiv with the fist. 

Motohe, a. 1 obstinate. Katahi 
te iwi motohe ki te haere. 2 
irresistible. He motohe te ro- 
ngoa i homai nei. 

I. Motoi, n. ear-ornament made of 

II. Motoi, V. t. beg. 
I. M6tu, a. 1 severed. Katahi 

ka tikina rawatia ki te putake 
tapahi mai ai, ka motu. {42) 2 
jmrtially severed; woimded by 
a cut. Kei motu koe i te toki 
na. 3 set free by severance ; 
escajyed. Me te weka ka motu 
i te mahanga. (170) 

motu, n. 1 anything isolated, as 
an island ; clumj) of trees, &c. 
2 c^it ; wound. 

m,otum.otu, a. divided into iso- 
lated portions ; appearing like 
islands. E ! ka motumotu ra- 
pea te whenua e haerea ana e 
Te Ponga ma. (171) 


motuinotu, oi- momotu, n. Jire- 

momotu, V. t. sever; separate. 

Motuhia atu etahi ma NGati- 

II. Motu, a. cold. He wai motu. 
Motuhake, a. separated. 
Motuhanga, n. from mSmotii, 

see under m.otu. 
Motiihanga, a. mealy ; floury. 

He roi motuhanga. 
M5tuhi, n. unj)leasant smell, as 

from a fire in-cloors. 
m.otuhi, a. nauseated ; sxirfeited. 
Mou, for mau, see iii. Mau. 
moumou, for miaumau. 
Mou, pron. 2nd person singular 

with preposition mo, ybr thee. 
Moua, n. back of the neck. 
Moumouranga, n. 1 betrothal. 

2 connexion by marriage. 
Mounga, n. 1 half-burnt stick ; 

firebrand. 2 (for maunga) 

mountain. 3 (for maunga, 

from circumstance of be- 
ing fast,. &c. 
MSuti, n. 1 decoy kaka. 2 cat's- 

cradle ; a game. 
Mowai, V. i. 1 become moist ; 

water. Ka mowai toku waha. 

2 become smooth or calm, as the 


I. Mowhiti, n. ring ; hoop. Karu 
mowhiti, eyes tvith rings, i.e. 

II. Mowhiti, v.i. (formokowhiti) 

Mu, n. the game of draughts. 

Mua, n. 1 the front ; the fore 
part. 2 former time. Ki mua ; 
i mua, &c. ; before ; first. Ko 
te kauae o tona tupuna kua 
riro mai koa i mua atu. (19) 
Ki mua i ; i mua i ; hei mua i, 
&c.; in advance of; previous to. 
He ingoa ano to taua awa i 
mua atu i to ratou taenga ki 

102 Muremure 

reira. (123) A mua, henceforth. 

mMSingSi, -A. first-born ; elder. Ka 

whakanuia ake tana tamaiti mu- 

ringa, ka whakaititia iho ana 

muanga. (103) 
MuERA, n. mule. 

Muhore, a. unsuccessful in fish- 
ing, &c. 
Muhu, V. t. jnish one's rvay through 

bushes, &c. He ara muhu, a 

path along which one has to 

pusli one's way. 
■whakamuhu, v. t. lead into a 

Miihukai, a. absent; inattentive. 

Ka mahi te taringa muhukai, 

e kore e rongo ki tetahi mana 

Mui, V. t. swarm round; infest. 

Mui noa, ohu noa te tuiau. 
m.uim,ui, n. small potatoes. 
Muka, n. 1 prepared fibre of New 

Zealand flax. 2 unexpanded 

shoot of nikctu {areca sapida). 
Muku, and mukumuku, v. t. 

tvipe; rub. 
Mumuhau, n. eddy wind. Ka 

puta te mumuhau, ka tahuri te 

Miina, v. t. tell or sjyeak of pri- 
vately. Te wa i munaia atu ra 

ki ona tangata. (170) 
MiinS,, n. ringivorm. 
Miinga, n. areca sajnda; New 

Zealand palm. 
Mura, m.umura, muramura, 

V. i. 1 blaze. Ka mura te ahi. 

2 gloiv ; sJioiv a brilliaAit colour. 

Te rata e mumura ^tu ana i uta 

nei. (113) 
Murei, v. t. plunder. Hoki atu 

koutou, ka murei. 
Muremure, v.t. return to a thing 

muremure, n. 1 a grub ; the 

same as moeone. 2 one who 

sponges on others; trencher- 




Murere, a. clever ; knowing. 

I. Muri, n. 1 the rear; the hinder 
part. 2 subsequent time. Ki 
muri ; i muri, &c., afterwards. 
— Ki muri i, after; subsequent 
to. — A muri, hereafter. 

muringa, a. youngest. Tana ta- 
maiti muringa. (12) He muri- 
nga, or muringa iho ; after- 
wards ; at length. 

II. Muri, n. breeze. 
Murikokai, n. back of the head. 
Muringa, see under i. muri. 
Miiritai, n. sea-breeze. 
Muri-wai, n. backwater. 

Muru, V. t. 1 loipe; rub. 2 
pluck off leaves, &c. ; gather. 
Ka noho ki raro, kei te muru 
whanake, kei te whiri taura. 
(150) 3 2)lunder. Ka murua 
te kainga o Tipitaha. 4 wi2?e 
out; forgive. Murunga hara, 

Mutu, a. 1 brought to an end 
abruptly; left off. Ka mutu 

ta matou mahi. 2 cropped; hav- 
ing the end caU off ; mutilated. 
He ringa mutu. — Ka mumutu 
oku ringaringa. 3 come or gone 
without exception. Mutu katoa 
mai nga tangata ki te kawana- 
tanga ; kahore he rerenga. 

mutu, V. t. cut short. Me mutu i 

m.utu, n. 1 perch^ being part of 
an appai'atus for snaring birds. 
2 spear thrown towards a war 
party by way of a challenge. 

mutumutu, v. t. crop off append- 
ages^ as hair, brandies, &c. Ka- 
tahi ka mutumutua e te tuahine. 

whakam.utu, v. t. 1 leave o^ff. 

2 cause to be left q/f. 
■whakamutunga, n. youngest son. 

Na te kaha o te whakamutunga, 

nana i tango ake, ana, ka whai 

whenua. (29) 
Miituwhenua, n. the moon on the 

30th day. 


NS,, ad. 1 used to call attention 
at the commencement of a nar- 
rative, or of a particular stage 
in a narrative. Na, tenei ano 
te take i haere mai ai a Turi ki 
tenei motu. (107) — To intro- 
duce some new element into a 
narrative; or to introduce an 
emphatic statement to which 
especial attention is desired to 
be drawn. 2 denoting position 
near, or some connexion with 
the person spoken to. Ko te 
wai heru tena na; ko te wai 
whakaata tenei na. (54). 

Na, prep. 1 by ; made by; acted 
on in any way by; the verb ex- 

plaining the character of the 
action being in the active form. 
Na wai koe i homai ki konei? 
(38) begotten by. Na wai koe? 
(57) 2 possessed by; belonging 
to. Na Ihenga tena kupenga. 
3 by reason of; on account of. 
Na te kino hoki i mahue ai te 
whenua. (82) — Na I'eira i tika 
ai ta ratou heke mai. (68) 4 by 
way of I haere na uta. 

Na, V. i. be satisfied, 'i'angohia 
tenei kakahu kia na ai tou nga- 

•whakana, v.t. satisfy. 

Naenae, n. mosquito. 

Naeroa, n. mosquito. 




Nahakii, for naku, by me; be- 
longing to me, (Sic. See na. 

Nahau, for nau, by thee; belong- 
ing to thee, &c. See na. 

Nahau, a. quick. Compare nga- 

Nahea, a. long (in time). Ka na- 
hea te ngaronga atu o Moka. 

Nahinahi, n. convolvulus sejnu^n ; 
a plant. 

Naho, a. hasty in speech or action. 
He waha naho. 

Nahu, nanahu, a. rf;ell executed. 
Nanahu ana tera te whakairo o 
te hanga nei. 

Naihi, n. knife. 

NS,ka, ad. denoting position near 
or connexion in some way with 
the person spoken to. I te ara 
nui naka. 

Nakahi, n. serpent. 

Nake, n. belly of a net. 

Nakinaki, n. a plant. 

Nakii, pron. first person singular 
with preposition na, by me ; be- 
longing to me, &c. See na. 

Nakii, nanaku, v.t. dig ; scratch. 

naku, n. basket made of strips of 

nakunaku, a v. t. reduce to frag- 
ments. Nakunakua te wahie. 
/? V. i. be broken to pieces; be 
crushed. Patua rawatia, ko- 
hungahunga ana tera; naku- 
naku noa iho. 

Nama, n. debt. 

Namata, n. ancient times; gene- 
rally written with the preposi- 
tion as one word, as inamata; 

Namii, n. small fy. 

•whakanamunamu, v. i. appear 
like a speck in the distance. 
Hoki rawa mai, ehara, kua 
whakanamunamu kau mai nga 
ra te waka. (71) 

namunamu, n, blistering plaster. 

Namunamua, n. flavour im- 
parted to food by something 
with which it has been in con- 

Nana, v.t. tend carefully ; nurse. 

Nana, preposition na with per- 
sonal pronoun of third person 
singular. See na. 

Nana, n. eyebroiv. Ka hiia tera 
nga nana, ka riri. 

nana, v. i. only in imperative. 
Look' Behold! 

nana, a. in a passion; raging. 
Nana noa ana ki te tutu whare 

Nanahi, n. yesterday; generally 
written with the preposition as 
one word, as inanahi, &c. 

Nanahu, see under nahu. 

Nanakia, a. outrageous ; fierce. 
Ka mate korua; he nanakia te 
iwi nei. (46) 

Nanaku, see under naku. 

Nanao, see under nao. 

Nanapi, see under napi. 

Nanati, see under nati. 

Nanau, see under nau. 

Nanawe, see under nawe. 

Nane, n. dog. 

nanenane, n. 1 rotten kumara. 
2 goat. 

Nanea, a. 1 copious. 2 satisfying. 
He kai nanea. 

I. Nani, n. brassica campestris ; 
tcild cabbage; ivild turnip). 

II. Nani, a. noisy. Ko wai te iwi 
6 nani mai ra? Compare nga- 

Nanihi, a. distant. Kua nanihi 

noa atu te haere a Titore. 
•whakanano, v. t. discredit. Ha ! 

to whakanano ki taku korero! 
N9,nu, a. 1 mixed; confused. 2 

indistinct; inarticulate. Kua 

iianu te reo. (42) 
nanu, v. i. murmur; express dis- 




ap2yointment, or dissatisfaction. 
Ka tahi, ka rua, ka toru nga 
kiore, ka pau aku kai: ko te 
nanu e waiho i a au. — Moe- 
nanu, talk in one^s sleej). 

whakananu, v. t. mix; confuse. 

Nao, nanao, v. t. handle; feel 
tvith the hand; take hold of. 
Katahi a Kupe ka nanao iho ki 
tana taha, ka whiua atu ki te 
wai. (no) 

naonao, n. small moth; midge. 
Kei te pokai naonao te ahua. 

vrhakanaonao, v. i. ap-pear like 
a speck in the distance. 

NS,pe, 1 weave. 2 jerk. Ka mau 
te ika, napea, kia kaha te nape. 
3 say falteringly ; missay. Pa- 
wera tonu tona papa ki te na- 
penga o tana karakia tohi. (17) 

nape, n. fishing line. 

NS.pi, nanapi, v.i. cling tightly. 
Kia mau te nanapi ou ringa- 
ringa, kei taka koe. 

Natl, nanati, v. t. 1 pinch or con- 
tract, as by means of a ligature, 
&c. Nanati i te kaki; throttle; 
strangle. 2, fasten raujio on the 
walls of a house. Tokohia nga 
tangata i natia ai te whare nei. 
3 restrain ; stifle. Kaua e natia 
taku korero. 

natinati, nanati, a,, pinched; con- 
stricted. Ka natinati toku koro- 

Natu, nanatii, v. t. 1 scratch. He 
kararehe natunatu. 2 stir up ; 
mix. Ka natua te kai ki te 

Nau, preposition na with pro- 
noun of the second person singu- 
lar, by or belonging to thee. 

NS.U, v.i. coTue. Nau mai. 

nau, n. lepidium, oleraceum; a 

naunau, v. t. take tip. Kihai i 
taea te naunau. 

naunau, a. angry. 

whakanau, v.t. refuse. E kore 
niatou e ahei te whakanau atu. 

"whakananau, v.i. be angry. 

Nauhea, n. vagabond. 

Nauhiiri, n. a fresh-water fish. 

Naumai, a. welcome! 

naumai, n. guest. Waiho au kia 
mahi ana i taku mahi; ko aku 
naumai kia tae mai ki a au. 

Naunau, see under nau. 

Naupata, n. a shrub. 

Naupiro, n. a shrub. 

Nawai, ad. denoting regular pro- 
cess of time, and always followed 
by a. Nawai i tata, a ka ma- 
tara atu ki tawhiti. (121). After 
having been near for some time 
they came at length to be a long 
distance off. — Nawai, a ka awa- 
tea; at length, or in due course, 
day dawned. 

Nawe, nana'wS, v. i. 1 he set on 
fire. Meake nawe to kakahu. 
2 he kindled or excited (as feel- 
ings). Nanawe ake ana te aroha 
i a au ki taku potiki. 4 be un- 
moveable. Toto noa nga tangata 
o era wahi i a koe; kaore, kei 
te nanawe ano. 

■whakanS,nS,w6, a v. i. loiter ; 
dawdle. E whakananawe atu 
ana ki muri; e kore e hohoro te 
haere. /? v.t. fasten. He tau 
mo te patu hei whakananawe 
ki te ringa mau ai. 

nawe, n. scar. 

Ne, ad. interrogative, giving em- 
phasis to a question, request, or 
proposal. Ka haere au ki te 
tiki ahi, ne? (23) / will go to 
fetch some fire; shall II 

I. Nehe, n. rafter of a house. 
nehenehe, n. forest. 
■whakanehenehe, v.i. quarrel. 

II. Nehe, n. 1 a^icient times. 2 
used like a proper name for any 




elderly man. E nelie! 

Nehera, n. ancient times. He 
koi-ero na nehera. 

Nehu, n. dust. 

nehu, v.t. bury. 

nehunehu, a. dusky. 

•whakanehu, v.t. reduce to lyow- 

Nehiitai, n. spray from the sea. 

Nei, ad. denoting position near, or 
some kind of connexion with 
the speaker. E koro, haria nga 
toki nei. (50) — Te po nei; last 
night. Often used in relative 
clauses. Te tohunga e tarai nei 
i te waka. 

Neinei, v. i. stretch forwards in 
readiness to fly. E neinei ana 
te pane o te parera. 

■whakaneinei, v. i. stretch for- 
wards. Kei te whakaneinei te 
kaki ki te parua o te kohanga. 

neinei, n. dracophyllum, latifo- 
lium; a shrub. 

Neineikura, n. cyathea Smithii; 
a tree-fern. 

Neke, v. t. or v. i. move. Neke 
atu koe ki ko. 

■whakanekeneke, v. t. cause to 
move along. 

neke, n. roller on which a canoe 
is dragged. 

Neke, n. snake. 

Neko, n. a mat. 

Nekuneku, y. i. decline, as the 
sun. Ka nekuneku te ra; e 
kore tatou e tae. 

I. Nene, int. calling attention. 

II. Nene, and nenene, v. i. he 
saucy. Kia ata nenene; tena a 
Ngapuhi ka tata te whai ringa- 

whakanene, v. i. 1 jest; sport. 

E whakanene mai ra nga tama- 

riki. 2 quarrel. 
Nera, n. nail. 
Neti, n. a small dart used in play. 

Ne'wha, oi' nene"wha, v. i. 1 close 
the eyes in sleep; doze. 2 set, as 
the sun. He ra ka newha. 

Niao, n. 1 gunwale of a canoe. 2 
rim of any open vessel. 


ninihi, a. steep. 

ninihi, v. i. move stealthily ; steal 

"whakaninihi, v.i. move stealthily. 
Ka whakaninihi i runga i nga 

Niho, n. tooth. Niho kai waiu; 
milk tooth. Niho tapahi ; front 
tooth. Niho kata; eye tooth. 
Niho pu, or niho purakau ; 
double tooth. Niho waha, or 
niho hawa; broken tooth. Niho 
tunga; decayed tooth; toothache. 

■whakanihoniho, v. i. 1 groiv in 
the shape of teeth. WHakaniho- 
niho ana te rea o nga parareka 
nei. 2 quarrel. Kei te whaka- 
nihoniho nga tamariki. 

Nikau, n. areca sapida; Neiv 
Zecdand palm,. 

Niko, V. t. form into a bight or 
coil; tie. Me niko mai te 

Niko, n. tvild cabbage. 

Nini, or ninia, v. i. glow. E ninia 
te taha o te rangi, ka wera te 
Tihi-o-Manono. (61) 

Ninihi, see under nihi. 

Niu, n. certain small sticks used 
for purposes of divination. 

Niwha, n. ba^b of a fish-hook. 

■whakani"wha, v.t. furnish with 
a barb. 

N6, prep. 1 fmm; of; belonging 
to. a as part to the whole. He 
tikitiki no tona mahunga te 
harakeke i Otoi? (141) (^ as 
inhabitant to country. No hea 
koe? No konei ano. (23) — No 
tawhiti tenei tira, no Piako. 
(188) y as parent to child. He 




niatua nona a Paka. S as dwel- 
ling-place to inhabitant. Ehara 
i a koe tenei kainga; noku ano. 
(79) e as clothes to wearer. 
Nona nga kakahu i tahaetia nei. 
2 of past time, a from; froin 
the time of. No reira ano te 
ahua matemate oku, a mohoa 
noa nei. /3 at; in; on. No 
te ahiahi ano ka haere a WHa- 
katau. (61) — No te tatanga ki 
te hokinga, katahi ano te ika ka 
kai ki tana matau. (loi) 7 
adverbially, from the tim,e that; 
at the time that; when. No ka 
oria e te hau. (10 1) 3 until. 

No te mea ; y'rom the fact that; 
because, Kaore ano i kitea 
noatia, no te mea i rite ki a 
ratou te kiri te ma. (179) — No 
reira; nokona; nokonei; there- 
fore; teller ef ore. No kona hoki 
te whakataukitanga iho a Toi. 
(63) — No hea, interrogatively, 
is often equivalent to a decided 
negative. No hea e mana, no 
hea e aha? it was of no avail 
whatever. (99) 

Noa, a. 1 free from 'tapu,' or any 
other restriction. Ka hurihia 
te hurihanga takapau, ruahine 
rawa, kakahi rawa, ka noa. (22) 
2 luithin one's potver. Kia noa 
katoa ai i a ia ratou. (8) 3 of 
no moment. He mea noa ano. 

noa, ad. 1 without restraint. Ka 
oti te tuku kia haere noa. 2 of 
oneself; sijontaneously. Nana 
ano i momoe noa. (62) 3 with 
oneself. Hua noa, kaore ano 
koe i whakaaetia atu. (194) 4 
gratuitously. He mea homai 
noa nana taua moni. 5 at ran- 
dom; ivithout object. Ka rere 
te wahine nei ki tana haere noa 
atu. — Ka noho noa iho a Ma- 
naia. (117) Q fruitlessly. To 

noa, to noa; te taea. (76) 7 
intensive, and to be rendered 
by quite, altogether, (fee, ac- 
coi'ding to the context. E 
takoto mai nei ano aua kura, a 
tae noa mai ki tenei ra. (74) — 
Ehara enei wahine i konei; no 
tawhiti noa atu. (146) 8 
already. Kua u noa mai ia i 
runga i tona waka a Ruaeo. 
(76) 9 just; merely. Kia iti 
noa nei. 

NShinohi. a. small; pi. nonohi. 

Noho, V. i. 1 sit. Tae atu ratou, 
ka noho ki raro. (172) 2 stay. 
Ka ahiahi, ka noho tahi ki a 
Paoa, (189) 3 dwell; live. Kei 
tona pa ano e noho ana. (189) 
4 cohabit. Ko ta Tamatiriwa, 
ka noho i a Hituri. (114) Pass. 
nohoia, 1 be inhabited ; be sat 
ujjon, &c. Katahi ka nohoia 
taua wahi. 2 be ke2'>t or cele- 
brated. Ka nohoia te purenga 
o Manaia. (13) 

nohoanga, n. seat. 

Nohoku, a lengthened form of 

Nohopuku, V. i. 1 be silent. 2 

Nohou, a lengthened form of nou. 

Nohu, n. a fish with poisonous 
spines, like a porcupine fish, but 
reddish in colour. 

ndhunohu, a. impalatable; nau- 

N6i, V. i. be elevated; be high ujj. 
Apopo ka pou i te kai nei, kia 
rokohanga mai kua noi ki 
runga. (142) — Te maunga e noi 
mai, rere! 

■whakanoi, v. t. hang up; elevate, 
WHakanoia nga tuna ki runga 
ki te pataka. 

nonoi, a. 1 urgent. Kia nonoi te 
mahi ka takirua ai te tangata. 
2 disfigured, Nonoi mai ana 




nga paparinga o te koroke nei. 

N6ke, n. earth-ivorm. 

nonokS, v. i. struggle together ; 

Noko, n. stern of a canoe. 

Noku, preposition no, with per- 
sonal pronoun, 1st person sin- 
gular. See no. 

NonS,, preposition no, with per- 
sonal pronoun, 3rd person sin- 
gular. See no. 

Nonahea, ad. interrogative, of 
time past, from what time; at 
what time; when. Used with 
the indefinite past tense, and 
followed by ai, Nonahea kou- 
tou nei i u mai ai ? (122) 

Nonaianei, ad. of time past, to- 
day ; just now. 

N6nS,kuarS,, ad. a little ivhile ago. 

NonamatS,, ad. a long time ago. 

Ndn3,nahi, ad. yesterday. 

Ndnaoake, ad. the day before yes- 

N5naoakeniii, ad. three days ago. 

Nonapo, ad. last night. 

Nona'whea, the same as nona- 

None, V. t. consume; waste. Ko 
nga mea anake a nga Maori 
e nonea ana e ia. 

Noni, a. crooked; bent. Nau i 
whakanoni te rarangi. 

noni, n. 1 bend; turn. Tera te 
wai kei te noni o te taiepa. 2 
fish-hook. 3 oil. 

Nonokura, a. red. 

Noti, nonoti, v. t. pinch or co7i- 
iract, as with a band or liga- 
ture. Ka rongo ki te mamae 
o nga taura, kua nonoti tonu 
ra i waenganui o te puku. (152) 

Nonoti i te kaki ; throttle. Ka 
rere mai ki a au ka nonoti i 
toku kaki. 

whakanoti, v. t. 1 dratv together 
with a cord, as a bag, &c. 2 
cover fire with ashes, to prevent 
it from burning quickly out. 

Nou, preposition no, with per- 
sonal pronoun '2nd person sin- 

NowEMA, n. JVovember. 

Niii, a. 1 great. E nui ana te 
ngaru ; e kore e puta te waka. 
2 suiierior ; of high rank. Kihai 
i hanga ake tana wahine ; he 
rangatira nui no tenei whenua. 
(196) 3 ma,ny. He nui te 
tangata o roto o taua pa. (166) 
Plural nunui. Hemaioro nu- 
nui nga maioro. (166) 

nui, ad. in public. 

nuinga, n. jmrty ; people. Ka 
hoki a Paoa ki ona hoa, ki tona 
nuinga. (196) 

Nuka, V. t. deceive. E nuka ana 
mai koe ki a au. 

Nukarau, v. t. deceive. Kei nu- 
karautia tatou. 

Nuke, a. crooked; humped. Ka 
nuke tona tuara. 

Nuku, n. rvide extent. Kei te 
nuku o te whenua nga mahi- 
nga kai. — Ko Matahorua te 
waka nana i toro te nuku roa. 

nuku, V. t. or v. i. move. Nuku- 
hia te pou nei ki tawhiti. 


nuniinii, v. i. disappear behind. 
Inamata kua nunumi ki tua o 
te toka ra. (170) 

numinumi, a. ashamed. 





I. NGa, art. plural of te, the. 

II. NGa, V. i. bi-eathe, generally 
connected with manawa. Ka 
nga te manawa ; he breathes. 
Tukua kia nga toku manawa ; 
alloio me to take breath. 

whaka,nga, v. i. take breath. 


ngaengS,e, n. heel. 

NGS,ehS, V. i. rustle. 

ngaehe, n. tide. Kua tokari te 

NGaeke, v. i. crack; tear. 

NGaeki, v. i. yield to the touch ; 
c/ive way. Ka takahia te pvi- 
korukoru, ka ngaeki noa. 

ngaeki, n. sivamp. 

ngaekieki, v. i. overflow. NGa- 
ekieki ana te tai nei, huri ana 
mai ki waenga parae. 

NGae6, n. a fresh water shell- 
fish ; unio. 

NGaere, v. i. quake ; oscillate as 
a bog. Ka ngaere a raro o te 

NGaeroerS, n. young eel. 

NGahangaha, ^.frivolous. WHa- 
kangahangaha noa nei ki te 
korero. Compare hangahanga. 

NGahae, v. i. 1 be torn. Ka 
ngahae toku kakahu. 2 dawn. 
Ka ngahae te ata. (iii) 

ngahaehae, a. torn into strips. 

NGahau, a. 1 infected by ex- 
ample. 2 brisk ; hearty. 

ngahau, n. 1 force of example. 
2 heartiness. 3 dance. 

Whakangahau, v. i. lead by ex- 
ample; encourage. 

NGahghg, the same as ngaehe. 

NGahengahe, a. tvasted; tveak. 
Kua ngahengahe noa iho oku 
iwi, kua koroheke. 

ngahengahe, n. forest. Compare 

NGahere, n. forest. 
NGahi, ngahingahi, v. i. be 


NGahiri, n. 1 Imm of many 
voices. WHakarongo ki te nga- 
hiri. (190) 2 abundance of 
crops. Kia kaha te mahi ; he 
ngaliiri kitenga kotahi. 

NGahoahoa, n. headache. 

NGahoro, v. i 1 drop) off or out. 
Ka ngahoro nga kai o to kete. 
2 be abundant. Kua ngahoro 
te hua o te paukena. 

ngahoro, a. friable. He oneone 

ngahoro, ad. and upwards. E 
rua rau ngahoro ; tivo hundred 
and ujncards. 

NGahiia, v. i. sivarm ; ajjpear in 
great numbers. 

NGahue, \". i. sivarm ; appear in 
great numbers. 

NGahurii, a. ten. 

ngahuru, n. 1 the name of the 
10th and 11th months, the 10th 
being ngahuru-kai-paenga, and 
the 1 1th simply ngahuru. 2 har- 
vest time. Taihoa tatou e haere 
ki reira, hei te ngahuru ; kia 
rupeke te kai ki te hapoko. 

NGaingS,i, n. a shell-fish ; the 
same as kokota. 

NGS,i6, n. 1 myoporum Icetum ; 
a tree. 2 a small grub. 

ngaio, a. 1 deliberate ; thorough. 
2 restless. 

ngaio, V. i. look carefdly. 

whakangaio, v. i. sport ; make- 
believe. Ehara i te whakapu- 
puni pononga, he whakangaio 




nana. (133) 

NGaiorS, n. a fish ; the same as 

NGakau, n. 1 bowels ; viscera. 
2 heai't ; seat of the affections. 
E awangawanga ana te nga- 
kau. — Oranga ngakau, comfort. 
Haere koutou, e hoki ki to 
tatou matua, hei oranga nga- 
kau mona. (184) — -He whare 
ngakau ; a house built in order 
to get wp an expedition to avenge 
the death of some one. 

"whakangakau, v. i. bear malice; 
entertain a malicious desire. E 
tama, e tama, whakangakau 
rawa koe ki te patu i a au ? 

NGakaukore, a. disinclined ; hav- 
ing no heart for doing a thing. 

NGakauniii, a. hearty ; eager. 

NGake, n. middle of a fishing -net 
made with smaller meshes than 
other parts. 

NGaki, v. t. 1 clear from weeds ; 
cultivate. 2 avenge. Ko wai 
hei ngaki i tou mate 1 — NGaki 
mate ; take vengeance. Ka ta- 
huri mai ki te ngaki mate mo 
tona whakairinga ki runga ki 
te whare. (66) 

ngakinga, n. clearing ; plot of 
cidtivated ground. 

NGakihi, n. 1 patella; a shell- 
fish. 2 rock-oyster. 

NGako, n. 1 fat. 2 white crystal- 
lized lime-stone. 

ngakongako, a. crumbled to 
pieces. Compare kongakonga. 

■whakangako, v. t. make game of. 
Ka marama akuanei te tuhituhi, 
e kore e whakangakotia. 

NGakoikoi, n. a fish. 

NGaku, n. strip; shred. 

ngakungaku, a. reduced to shreds. 
NGakungaku noa iho ta matou 
kai. See nakunaku. 

NGakuru, v.i. 1 drop off ov out. 

Compare ngahoro. 2 be set, as 
fruit. Ka ngakuru te pititi. 


whakangami, v. t. swallow up. 

NGana, v.i. be eagerly intent. 
Kei te ngana a Kupe ki te ta- 
patapahi i nga kawekawe. (no) 

ngana, a. applied to the sixth 
and twenty-second days of the 
moon's age ; the former being 
called Tamatea ngana, and the 
latter, Korekore ngana. 

whakanganangana, v. i. make 

ngangana, a. red. He rakau nga- 
ngana te totara. 

I. NGanga, v. i. make a noise. 
Kati te nganga. 

II. NGanga, n. 1 stone. 2 hail. 
3 dregs; refuse. 

NGangahii, a. sharp. 

ngangahu, v. i. 1 distort the fea- 
tures. Kahore aku korero ki a 
tera; ko oku wliatu i ngangahu, 
a heoi ano. 2 dance. Ko reira 
ia pai ai te rere ki mua nga- 
ngahu ai. (167) 

NGangana, see under ngana. 

NGangara, see under ngara. 

NGangarS,ngi, n. a variety of 

NGgangare, see under ngare. 

NGangau, see under ngau. 

NGangengange, a. pierced 

NGangi, n. cry of distress ; noise. 
Taro kau iho, kua ngaro noa 
iho te ngangi; ko te tai anake 
e aki ana. (93) 

NGao, n. 1 palate. 2 prominent 
part; roughness. Meake waru- 
hia nga ngao o te rakau. 3 
sprout; shoot. Heoi te roa o te 

ngaongao, n. a shell-fish, 

•whakangao, v. t. put Jorth ; 
sprout. E whakangao ana i nga 




NGS,oki, v.i, creep; crawl. E 

iiji^iioki mai ra te turoro. 
NGaoko, V. i. 1 feel a tickling 

sensation ; itch. Taukahore te 

iigaoko o te tuiau. 2 move 

slightly; stir. Te ngaoko te 

aha, ko te tumu kau ano ki a 

ia. (15) 
whakangaoko, v. t. tickle; 

anuise. Korero i ta korua wha- 

kangaokooko. Go on with yotir 

entertaining talk. 
NGaore, n. a fish; the same as 

ngaore, a. succulent; tender. He 

ngaore te tupu o te mara. 
NGaotu, n. a method of working 

timber with the adze. He ngao- 

tu tenei tarai. 
NGapii, v. i. 1 oscillate or undu- 
late, as swampy ground. Ka 

ngapu te repo i te takahanga. 

2 stretch for tear ds, ready to run. 

Ka ngapu nga tangata ki te 

NGara, ngangara, v.i. snarl. 
ngarangara, n. anything small. 

A matou ngarangara korero. 
NGara, pron. they; them. I ki 

atu ano au ki a ngara 
NGarahii, n. 1 charcoal. 2 any 

black pigment. Z war-dance. Kei 

te tutu ngarahu te taua. 
ngarahu, v.i. take co^msel; be 

thouglitful. He ngarahu he i 

mate ai te taua. 
•whakangarahu, v.t. devise; plot. 
NGarahii-taua, n. 1 war-dance. 

2 a shell-fish. 
NGarara, n. reptile; insect. 

I. NGare, n. family ; number of 
people connected by blood. Me 
te ngare o te WHanau a Kai, 
me te ngare o Rotonga me te 
ngare o Hinetu. 

II. NGare, v.t. 1 send. NGarea 

mai he tangata hei tiki i a au. 
2 urge. 

ngangare, v.i. qiiarrel. Kihai 
i;i i puta mai; penei kua nga- 
ngare ke. 

NGareliS, n. forest (transposed 
from ngahere.) 

NGarehu, the same as ngarahu. 

NGaringari, n. song to make 
people pull together. Ko matou 
kei te hapai i te mea taimaha, 
ka tika ma matou te ngari- 

whakangari, v.t. tease. 

Ngaringaria, n. shame. Ka mate 
au i te ngaringaria i te pakeha- 

I. NGaro, a. 1 hidden; out of 
sight; abseyit. Kua ngaro te ra. 
(47) 2 missing; lost. I haere 
tahi ano koutou, ka ngaro nei 
ia i to koutou hokinga mai nei. 
(95) 3 unintelligible; not per- 
ceived. Kei te ngaro tonu i a 
au to korero. 4 passed into any- 
thing. Kua ngaro ki roto ki 
te mahanga. (151) 

ngaromia, v. pass, be destroyed. 
"whakangaro, v.t. put out of 
sight; destroy. 

II. NGaro, n. 1 fy (transposed 
from range) 2 roller used in 
dragging a canoe, &c. 

NGarii, n. 1 ivave of the sea. 2 
corrugation. Me te mea ko nga 
ngaru o tona takapu. 

ngarungaru, a. ro-ugh with waves. 

NGarue, and ngaruerue, v.i. 
shake; move to and fro. 

■whakangarue, v.t. shake. 

NGarurii, a. 1 surfeited. 2 af- 
fected tvith headache. 

ngaruru, n. cookia sulcata; a 
shell-fish; the same as toitoi. 

NGariirii, a. abundant. 

I. NGata, n. snail; slug; leech. 

II. NGata, a. 1 app>eased; satis- 




fied. Kihai i ngata te puku 
riri o Waikato ki no;a tangata o 
taua pa nei. (i66) 2 dry. Ka 
ngata te wahie nei i roto i te 

NGata, adv. with diffictdty; to 
little purpose. He tamaiti ako 
ngata; a child sloiv to lem-n. 
He wahine patu ngata ; a woman 
who ]nits u]) ivith much ill treat- 

NGatahi, ad. together. 

NGatahure, a. one. 

NGS,tatS,, a. split; chapt. Ka 
ngatata toku waewae. 

NGatatahi, ad. together. 

NGate, v.i. move; shake. 

NGateri, v. i. vibrate ; shake. 
NGateri ana te whenua i te ta- 
ngi o te pu. 

NGatete, v.i. 1 crackle. 2 move. 

NGau, V. t. 1 bite; gnaw. E ngau 
ana te kuri i te wheua. 2 gall ; 
hurt. E ngavi tonu ana te 
mamae i roto i oku iwi. 3 
plunder. I te ngau pea i te 
kainga o Te Tawa. 

ngau, V. i. only with adv. ke, as 
ngau ke; transgress. 

■whakangau, v. t. Mi7it with dogs. 
Ka mau a Ihenga ki nga kuri 
hei whakangau kiwi (78). 2 
cause to be struck with a weapon. 
Ka takiritia mai te taha i roto 
i te wai ra; katahi ka whaka- 
ngaua atu ki te patu e haua mai 
ra ki a ia. (91). 

ngangau, v. i. make a disturb- 

NGaueiie, v.i. shake. 

NGa"waki, v.i. bend the knees. 
Kua ngawaki atu nga turi ki 

NGa"wS,ri, a. 1 so/t. He oneone 
ngawari. 2 supple. 3 moving 
easily ; quick. Kia ngawari te 
hoe. 4 accommodating ; kind. 6 

•whakangawari, v. i. move 
quickly. Wahi iti te whaka- 
ngawaringa atu, kei Rawaki. 

NGS,weki, v.i. creep. 
NGavri, v. i. 1 go. Ka ngawi 

noa te tangata ki tawhiti. 2 

squeal; hold. Na wai te kuri 

e ngawi mai nei. 
NGawiri, a. ten. 
NGawha, n. 1 boiling spring. 2 

NGS."wha, v.i. 1 bu7'st open. Kua 

ngawha te upoko. 2 overflow 

NGa"whS,ra, v.i. crumble. NGa- 

whara noa te kamaka nei i te 

akinga o te wahie. 
NGa'whariki, n. boilitig spring. 
NGawhere, v. i. break up; crum- 
ble. E kore e ngawhere te ko- 

whatu nei. 
NGawhe"whe, a. torn; worn out. 

Kua ngaAvhewhe toku kakahu. 
NGS,whi, V. i. suffer jyenalty. 

Akuanei nei ka ngawhi koe. 
ngawhingawhi, a. torn; worn 

NGe, n. 1 noise. 2 thicket. Ka 

noho ki roto ki te pirita, ki te 

nge, ki te hurupi. 
NGe, 1 a prefix to certain pro- 
nouns, as nge-au, nge-ona, &c. 

without modifying the meaning. 

2 suffix to certain adverbs, as 

pea-nge, koa-nge. 
NGehe, and ngehengehe, a. 1 

soft; flabby. 2 weak. 
whakangehengehe, v. i. 1 be 

fatigued. 2 counterfeit sickness. 
NGehingehi, n. small bag in 

which titoki seeds are squeezed 

for the purpose of extracting the 

NGei, n. a fish. 
ngeingei, a. stretching Jorth. 




whakangeingei, v.i. stretch forth. 

Ka whakangcingei te kawei o te 

NGSne, n. scrofulous wen. 
whakangenengene, v. i. muffle 

oneself uj). WHakaiigenengene 

ana te tangata ra ki roto ki toua 

NG6ng6, a. weary; tired. Kaore 

au i tae atu i te ngenge. 
NGengere, see under ngere. 
NGengeri, see under ngeri. 
NGengero, see under ngero. 
NGengeti, n. a shell-fish. 
NGSre, a. passed by; not served. 

Tokorua o maua i ngere. 
ngerengere, n. 1 jyroperty ; goods. 

2 part of the fortification of a 
pa. Katahi ka tomokia te pa, 
ka horo tetalii ngerengere. (66) 

3 a disease, said to be peculiar 
to the neighbourhood of Taupo, 
characterized by numerous swel- 
lings over the body, and the 
loss of the extremities. 

ngengere, v.i. growl. 

NGeri, n. 1 chant recited in 
launching a canoe, &c. 2 a 
rough kind of mat or cloak. 

ngengeri, v.i. grunt. 


ngeronggro, a. very many. He 
tini ngerongero. 

ngengero, n. blue shark; the same 
as tuatini. 

NGeru, n. cat. 

NGetS,ngeta, n. worn-out mat. 


ngetengete, v.i. 1 m.ake a click- 
ing sound with the tongue. 2 
express s^irjjrise or regret. Com- 
pare ketekete. 

■whakangete, v. t. urge on a 

NGia, V. i. seem. E ngia ano i 
tawhiti koe, ina te rangona 
taku karanga. 

NGihS,, V. i. burn. Ka aliiain, ka 
ngiha te ahi. (139) 

ngiha, n. fre. Tahuna te ngiha. 

ngihangiha, a. full. NGiha- 
ngilia noa te awa i te rakau. 

NGihongiho, n. small potatoes. 

NGio, a. extinguished. Kua ngio 
te kora. 

ngingio, a. ivithered; shrivelled; 

ngingio, v.i. laugh. Ka ngingio 
noa nga tamariki. 

NGiRA, n. needle. 

NGitSi, a. fast ; frm ; secure. Pa- 
tua te whao kia ngita. 

ngita, V. t. bring; carry. NGitaa 
atu te mea nei. 

whakangita, v. t. 1 make fast. 
WHakangitaia mai to kuri. 2 
empty oiU. Me waiho kete ra- 
nei nga kai, me whakangita 

NG6eng5e, v.i. scream. Katahi 
ka werohia te tui ra, ka tu ; te 
ngoengoetanga, katahi ka ra- 
ngona e nga wahine nei. (137) 

NGoetoeto, n. a kind of eel. 

NGohe, or ngShengohe, a. 1 
sup2}le ; soft. Kawea nga aka 
nei ki te wai kia ngohengohe ai. 
— Ngohengohe ana nga papari- 
nga, of the cheeks in laughter. 
2 strong; active, ^pliable; obe- 

ngohe, n. strength; activity. 

ngongohe, a. withered ; flaccid. 

NG6hi, n. 1 fish. 2 troop or com- 
2)any of fighting men. 

NGohiwe, n. a kind of eel. 

NGSi, n. 1 strength; energy. 
Hore he ngoi, he aha. 2 toj)- 

ngoingoi, n. old woman. 

NGoikbre, a. weak. 

NGoiro, n. 1 conger vulgaris ; 
conger-eel. 2 young eels. 

NGoki, V. i. creep. 



NGgongengongg, a. crippled. 

NGongi, n. water. 

NG6ng6, a V. i. 1 waste aivay ; 
become thin. E ngongo ana oku 
waewae i te mate. 2 sail close 
to the wind. NGongo tonu to 
tatou poti. (i V. t. suck through 
a tube. 

ngongo, n. sick jjerson. 

NGongohau, n. jib. 

NGongore, see under ii. ngore. 

NGongori, see under ngori. 

NGorangSrS,, n. s7ncdl kumara. 

I. NGore, v. t. entice. He ngore 
i te tu})ua, me ata ngore marire. 

II. NGorS, a. 1 soft ; flaccid. 2 
having the edge turyied ; wire- 

ngore, n. a kind of mat. 

ngongore, a. blunt; without a 
barb (as a fish-hook). 

ngorengore, n. yoking eel. 

NGori, ngongori, a. loeak; list- 
less. NGongori kau; kaliore he 

ngoringori, n. a small black eel. 


ngongSro, v.i. 1 snore. NGo- 
ngoro ana te ihu o te poaka. 2 
utter exclamations of surprise 
or admiration. Ka tangi te 
ngongoro a te iwi ra ki te ahua 
o te tangata ra. 

NGoronga, n. a shell-fish. 

NGorungoru, a. very soft. Pepe 
ngorungoru ; mashed thoroughly. 

NGotangota, a. crtished to atoms. 

I. NGote, n. small potato. 

II. NGote, V. i. suck. Kahore e 
ngote te tamaiti nei. 

whakangote, v.t. suckle; caiise 
to ftack. 

I. NG6t6, n. head. 

II. NGoto, v.i. 1 strike deep. Kia 
ngoto te hoe. 2 p)enetrafe. Kai 
te mata ngira tonu Te nffotonga 


Aue te mamae i ! 

ki roto ra. 
ngotungStii, or ngongStu, n. 

firebrand; half-burnt stick. 

NGoungou, a. thoroughly ripe; 
well cooked; soft. He hanga 
ngoungou noa. 

ngoungou, n. 1 live coal. 2 a 
fashion of wearing the hair tied 
up in a knot at the forehead. 

NGouruuru, a., few. NGouruuru 
kau ake nga rakau i mahue. 

NGu, n. 1 squid. 2 animalcidce 
in the sea. 3 tattoo marks on 
the upper part of the nose. 

ngungu, v.t. gnaw. 

whakangungu, v. i. refuse to 


whakangungu, Y.t. fend; ivard 
off. WHakangungu- rakau; a 
closely-woven mat, worn to de- 
fend the person from missiles. 

NGuha, v.i. rage; snort. 

NGiinu., n. worm. 

ngunu, a. hump-bchcked. 

NGunguru, see under nguru. 

NGupS,ra, n. a small fresh-water 

NGuru, ngungiiru, v. 
a suppressed groan, 
grunt. 2 rumble. 

NGutii, n. 1 lij). 2 


grumble at; scold. He aha tau 
e whakangutungutu mai na koe 
ki a au? /i v. i. be stubborn. 

NGutu-awa, n. mouth of a river. 

NGiituhore, a. wasteful. 

NGutiikaka, n. a pattern of 
ornamental painting. 

NGutuk3,o, n. a fish. 

NGutiikura, n. a pattern of 
carving or ornamental painting. 

NGuturi, n. a fish. 

1. 1 utter 
sigh, or 

rim of a 

a V. t. 



I. O, n. provision for a journey. 
Kei te liao inanga, kei te rou 
kakahi, liei o ki te Taiapu. (157) 

II. O, V. i. 1 find room; he capable 
of beiny contained or inclosed. 
Ka tomo te kaipuke; e kore e 
o nga pouaka. 2 get in; im- 
plying difficulty or reluctance. 

III. O, plural of to. 

IV. O, prep. 1 of; belonging to; 
used in speaking of parts of a 
whole, names, qualities, feel- 
ings, places occupied, houses, 
land, inhabitants, water for 
di'inking, kc, medicine, clothes, 
parents, and other relatives (ex- 
cept husband and wife, also 
children and descendants with 
their collaterals), superiors ; also 
of the derivative nouns of adjec- 
tives and intransitive verbs, and 
of those of transitive verbs when 
they are used passively. Te 
ngutu o te ana. — Te ahua o 
taua ngarara nei. (156) — ^NGa 
tangata o te kainga o Te WHa- 
ta. — ^Te toanga o enei tangata. 
(156) — Te tahunga o te Arawa 
e Raumati. (93) Compare a 
prep. 2 from (place). NGa 
tangata e haere ana o Rotorua 
ki Taupo. (149) — (time). O reira 
mai ano a mohoa noa nei. 3 at- 
taching to. Kahore he manuka- 
nuka o te haere. 

V. O, int. in answer to a call, to 
shew that the call is heard. 

O, V. i. answer. Kihai rawa i o 

whakao, v. i. answer. 
Oati, n. oath. 
OATi, V. i. swear. 

WHAKAO ATI, V. t. adjure ; cause to 
sivear; put one on his oath 

Oha, V. t. greet. 

Oha and ohaoha, a. 1 generous. 
He tangata oha. 2 abimdant. 
Ka rahuitia nga pipi, ka oha. 

oha, n. 1 relic; keepsake; any- 
thing which serves to keep a de- 
parted friend in remembrance, 
Haere mai koe, te oha o nga 
tangata-matua. 2 dying speech. 
WHakatau-oha, make a dying 

Ohia, v.t. 1 long after. Ko te 
ngakau e ohia ake ana ki taua 
mea. 2 approve. Kahore he 
tangata i ohia mai ki taku 
karanga i tainahi, ko te tunga 
tera mo nga hoiho. 3 think on 
the spur of the moment. He 
whakaaro ohia noa ake naku. 

Ohiti, a. cautious; on one's gttard. 
Kia ohiti koutou ki nga korero 
a tera tangata. 

whakaohiti, v.t. warn. 

Oho, v.i. 1 start from fear, sur- 
prise, &o. 2 wake top from sleep. 
Oho noa ake au i te moe, e wha- 
kahengi mai ana ia ki a au. 3 
begin sj^eaking. 

whakaoho, v.t. startle; rouse. 

Ohoeka, n. jmnax longissimum ; 
a tree ; the same as horoeka. 

Ohoku, for oku. 

Ohomauri, v.i. start suddenly. 

OhSnga, n. anything tvhich may 
serve to connect an incantation 
with the person on whom it is 
intended to take effect; as a lock 
of his hair, anything which he 
has touched, &c. 

Ohorere, v. i. start suddenly. 

Ohu, v.i. stoop). 



ohu, n. comjjany of volunteer 
tvorkers. Ka mahara a Manaia 
kia tuturia he tangata hei ohu 
waru mo ana tao. (117) 

ohu, v.t. 1 do by aid of a coin- 
pany of volunteer workers. Me 
ohu to mara, kia hohoro ai. 2 
beset in great numbers; sur- 
round. Ka ohua koe e matou. 

Ohua, n. the moon 071 the four- 
teenth day. 

Oi, V. i. 1 shudder. Te mea i oi ai 
taku kiri ko te inahi a Kereopa. 
2 grow. I nga rangi ra o taku 

Oioi, V. i. 1 shake. E tata koe ki 
uta, e oioi te ika, e rere ki te 
taha katau. (36) 2 shetv re- 
luctance to move. Ko te karakia 
a enei tangata, oioi noa ai. 

whakaoioi, v. t. shake; agitate. 

I. Oi, V. i. shout. Ka tangi te oi. 

II. Oi, n. soft mud. Me hoe rawa 
ki ko; he oi tena wahi. 

Oike, n. the moon on the twentieth 

Oka, V. t. j)rick; stab. 
oka, n. 1 knife; dagger. 2, rafters 

for a kiimara jnt. 
okaoka, v.t. st7-i]) off. Okaoka- 

ngia he peha mo ta tatou ahi. 
Okaka, v. i. feel a longing. 
Okana, n. orgaii. 
Oke, V. i. 1 struggle; wi'iggle; 

tvrithe. 2 ptit forth all 07ie^s 

streyigth. Okea ururoatia. 3 be 

eager. E oke ana te tangata 

ra ki te haere. 
oke, n. a kind of shark. 
okeoke, a. restless. Ka okeoke 

tonu te turoro, ka mate. 
okeoke, n. 1 sick person. 2 oven. 
Oketopa, n. October. 
Okioi, n. a bird; the same as 

hokioi, and hakuai. 
Okioki, v.i. rest; pause. Hoake 

tatou ki te tauraata okioki ai. 

116 Ongaonga 

whakaokioki, v. t. cause to rest. 
Okd, n. woode7i bowl, or other 

open vessel. 
okooko, v.t. carry in the ar7ns, 

or in the lap or fold of one's 

garment. Ma wai e okooko te 

Okoro, n. the 7noo7i 07i the 5th 

day; also called koro and 

Oku, 1 preposition o with per- 
sonal pronoun, first person 

singular, of me. See iv. o. 2 
^ plural of toku. 
Okiioku, &.few. Compare ouou. 
Oiua, V. i. run. Pass, omakia, be 

run for. 
Omaki, v. i. move swiftly ; fly. E 

omaki ana te kapua o te rangi. 
Oino6ni5, n. melon. 
whakaomoomo, v.t. attend a 

sick person, 
Omiitu, or omutu'whenua, n. 

the 7noon on the oOth day. 
OnS,, preposition o with personal 

pronoun, third person singular; 

of him; of her. See iv. o. 
Onamata, of or f'om aiicierit 

times. See o and naniata. 
Onanahi, of or from yesterday. 

See o and nanahi. 
One, n. beach. 
oneone, n. earth; soil. 
Onekura, n. red soil. 
Onematiia, n. loa7n. 
Onepu, n. sa7id. 
Onetea, n. 1 white soil; 2 white 

OngwS,, n. 1 a kind of dark grey 

stone. 2 any implement made 

of the same. 

I. Ono, a. six. 

II. 6n6, v.t. plant. Kei te ono 
riwai NGaitawhiri. 

Onoi, v.i. 7nove. E kore koe e 

onoi mai i te tumu? 
OngadngS,, n. nettle; urticaferox. 

6nge 117 

or 11. ni(st7'(tlis. 

ongaonga, a. rough; prickly. E 
ongaonga ana te mea nei, tara- 
tara tonu. 

whakaongaonga, v.t. goad; ex- 
cite. Te kanikia whakaonga- 

^ onga. (158) 

Onge, a. scarce. He onge no te 
kai i maliue ai tera walii. 

ongeonge, a. 1 scarce. Ka onge- 
onge nga kai, kahamuhamu i nga 
puka. 2 lonely. Ka ongeonge 
pea te tangata kotahi. 

onge, n. a bird. 

Ope, V. t. 1 scrape up; scrape to- 
gether. Opea mai te kapura ki 
waho. 2 scratch the head, &c. 

ope, n. troop); mnnber of p)ersons 
moving together. 

Opi, a. terrified. Opi ana tera au 

_ i te mataku. 

Opunga, n. a kind of conglomer- 
ate stone. 

OpiirS, a. jned; varied with jyatches 
of colour ; in patches. He opure 
te mara a Hare. 

I. Ora, a. 1 alive. 2 xvell in health. 
3 safe; escaped; recovered. E, 
kua ora a Raumati. (102) 4 
satiated; satisfied with food. ' Te 
ora iti o Kahutore'; luxuries, as 
opposed to necessaries. 

ora, n. slave. Kei hea nga ora 


II. Ora, n. wedge. 
oraora, v.i. shake; wag. Heoi 

ano; oraora kau ana ko te hiku 
^ kau. (160) 
Oraiti, a. escapiiig with difiiculty. 

Ka tangi raua mo te oraititanga 

o tona teina. (50) 
Oranoa, a. escaping tvith difficulty. 

Oranoa matou i te tahuritanga 

o te waka. 
Orapitd, a. escaping narrowly. 
Ore, v.t. 1 bo7-e. 2 search out 



oreore, v.i. shake. 

oreore, ad. very dry. Pakupaku 

OrSa, n. a kind of eel. 

6ri, a v.t. cause to wave to and 
fro. Ka oria e te hau. fi v.i. 
move. E ori mai ana te tupa- 
paku, kua tae mai tona wairua 
ki konei. 

ori, n. 1 had iveather. Ka roko- 
hina e te ori ki Tokomaru, ka 
noho. 2 2^'^^y of disease. He 
ori matou na te mate nei. 3 
place where jjeop)le have been car- 
ried ofi' by disease. Kaua e noho 
i runga i te ori, kei piri mai te 
mate ki a koe. 

whakaoriori, n. song chaunted 
over a child, by a person hold- 
ing the child in his arms. 

Or5, v. t. sharpen on a stone ; grind. 
Kia oroia taku toki, ka haere ai 
au ki te mahi. 

OrokS, ad. for the first time. Ki- 
hai i oroko kumea, kua puta kei 
waho o te ana. (160) 

Orongonui, n. the moon on the 
28th day. 

OrSpapa, a. all alike, without ex- 
ception. Ka oropapa nga kino 
o te kainga nei i te kainga nei 
te whakarite. 

Or5ta, a. 1 voracious; destructive. 
E tama, he autaia koe, he oro- 
ta. 2 exterminated; utterly con- 
sumed. Orota ana tera te ta- 
ngata whenua i te patunga a te 
taua; kahore he morehu. 

Orii, a. boggy. E oru ana te 

oru, n. 1 bog. 2 deep hole. 3 

Ota, a. green; uncooked. 

ota, V. t. eat in a green state. I 
otaina e matou nga kumara. 

ota, n. sawdust. 




Otaota, n. herbs in general ; iceeds ; 

litter. Tarakea atu nga otaota. 
Otane, n. the moon on the 27th 


I. 6ti. 1 finished, with a verb in 
the infinitive to denote the oper- 
ation which is finished. Kua 
oti te waka te tarai. 2 with 
atu or mai, gone or come Jor 
good. Ka oti atu a Hajiiri ; e 
kore e hoki mai. 

•whakaoti, v. i. finish. 

whakaotinga, n. youngest child 
of a family. Ko Pehi to niatou 
whakaotinga. See heoti. 

II. Oti, ad. interrog. then. E kore 
oti koe haere? 

Otiia, conj. hut; but on the other 

Otira, conj. hut; hut indeed; but 
at the same time. Nona ano 
taua kainga; otira no matou 

Oturu, n. the moon on the six- 
teenth day; also called turu. 

Ou, 1 jii-eposition o with personal 
pronoun, 2nd person singular ; 
of thee. See o, prep. 

Ou6, n. 1 a variety of phormium 
tenax, with leaves of a brown 
colour. 2 the moon on the J/ih 

Ouenuku, n. rainbow. 

OuMU, n. oven. 

Ouou, a. /ew. 

6wa, n. thzvart of a canoe. 

Owhanga, n. nest. 

Owhiti, a., see ohiti. 

I. Pa, v. t. (pass, pangiaorpakia). 

1 touch. Kua pa atu nga ringa 
ki aua pohutukawa, ana, nga- 
horo noa iho. (74) — Kahore te 
turoro nei e pa kai. — -Kua pa to 
tatou waka ; said of a fishing- 
canoe, when the sinker of one of 
the fishing-lines had touched the 
liead of a fish, and bad luck was 
therefore anticipated. — Ka pate 
upoko o te tai; or, ka pa te tai; 
the tide has reached its highest. 

2 liold perso7ial communication 
ivith; accost. Nonanahi ia i pa 
mai ai ki a au. 3 afi'ect. Kei 
pangia koe e te mamae. 4 reach 
one's ears. Ka pa te karanga a te 
tangata nei, 'Ko te Kahurere- 
moa.' (148) 

whakapa, v. t. 1 catise to touch. 
2 touch. 3 tell privately. Te- 
kaha ko Hemi, whakapakia ana 
ki te wahine. — make secret sug- 
gestions. E whakapapa haere 

na koe ki te rakau ra kia tukua 
ki raro. Whakapa-he, accuse; 
bring a charge of tvrong-doing 
against any one ; a modern ex- 

II. Pa, V. t. (pass. paia). 1 block 
•up; obstruct. He aha ra te ara 
nei i paia ai? 2 Ka paia te 
huaki; the assault is made. 

whakapa, v. t. close up. 

•whakapakanga, n. youngest in 
a family. To matou whaka- 
pakanga ; our youngest bi'other. 

pa, n. 1 stockade ; fortified place. 
Te ingoa o tona pa ko WHaka- 
rewa. (182) 2 werr for catching 
fish. 3 anything wherewith an 
oj^en place is blocked up; barri- 
cade; screen, ^fat covering the 
imvards of animals. 

III. Pa, V. i. be struck. Roa noa 
atu ratou e epaepa ana i a ia, 
kihai hoki i pa. (16). 




IV. Pa, n. a term of ac[diu.s,s. T;iuLi 
luai, o pa ! 

Pae, n. 1 horizon. Ka puta te 
ra i raro i te pae. — Kia ngaro 
te tu-a-pae whenua. (21) 2 
region; direction. Kei wliea 
te pae ki toku matua? (136) 3 
horizontal ridges parallel to one 
another. 4 stej) in a ladder or 
staircase. 5 transverse siij^i^orts 
of the karaho or floor of a canoe. 
6 i)ereh; rest. He pae koau. — 
Te pae mo taku pu. 7 gums. 
8 circumference measured by the 
'maro' with the extended arms. 
He rakau nui, e toru te pae ; 
a large tree, measuritig three 
fathoms in circumference. — Pae 
tahi hamama te rakau nei ; this 
tree is over one fathom in cir- 
cumference. 9 ropes by which 
a seine is hauled, the upper and 
lower ropes being called respec- 
tively pae-runga., and fae-raro. 

pae, V. i. 1 lie across. He aha 
te mea e pae mai nei i te ara? 
2 lie on one side ; and so 3 
he collected together ; lie ready 
for use. Kua pae nga rakau 
mo te whare. 4 he laid to the 
charge of any one. Ka pae 
nei hoki na korua te tupa- 
paku nei. 5 he cast on shore. 
E pae ana tera i uta, kua mate. 
(93) Pass, paea, in the same 
sense. I paea te kaipuke ki 

pae, V. t. surround with a harder. 
Paea mai nga parua o te umu, 
kia hoki mai ai te mamaoa ki 

pS.pS-e, V. i. he driven hroadside 
on shore. Ka papae te waka, 
akuanei ka pakaru. 

paenga, n. 1 2^i(^<^^ where any- 
thing is laid on one side or 
across. Hence 2 margin of a 

culii\atiuu, being the pai't to 
which the weeds are thrown. 3 
place w/iere pits are constructed 
for keeping kumara, ikc. Kei 
te paonga rua a te Raharaha. 

whakapae, v. t. 1 lay across, &c. 
Me whakapae te rakau nei hei 
arawliata. 2 accuse falsely. 
Ko te take i haere mai ai ia, Ik; 
whakapaenga ki te rua kumara 
na ona hoa. (136) 3 besiege. 

paepae, n. 1 threshold; door-sill; 
or anything similar. 2 vessel 
to hold anything. 3 dredge for 
fresh-water crayfish. 4 ujjper 
curl of moko on the cheek. 

PS,ekura, n. lost property : so 
called from the red feathers 
(kura) which were dropped 
into the sea by Tauninilii, and 
afterwards picked up on the 
shore by Mahina. Ko te pae- 
kura kite a Mahina. (74) 

Paemanii, n. collar-hone. 

Paepaeroa, n. mat with a broad 
ornamental border. 

Paerangi, a. coming from a dis- 
tance. He tangata paerangi. 

Paeroa, n. wind which Mows 
along the shore. 

Paetara, a. Kaho paetara, hatten 
fastened to the uprights of a 
house to keep them in place; 

Paetiiri, n. tattooing on the thigh. 

Paewae, n. threshold. 

Paewai, n. 1 a kind of eel. 2 
hatten on the inside of the joint 
hetween the rauawa and the 
body of a canoe. 3 drifttvood. 
4 paewai o te rangi ; water hori- 
zon. Mehemea ka tino mai'ama 
te paewai o te rangi. 

Pae"whenua, n. dock; rumex sp, 

PahS,k9,, n. calabash. 

Pahakg, v. i. bask. 

whakapahake, v. i. bask. E 




wliakapahake na i te ra. 

Pahaki, n. denoting small rela- 
tive distance. Kei pahaki tata 
atu e takoto ana; lying a little 

Pahauahana, v. t. anoint loith 
red ochre and oil. 

Pahao, V. t. enclose in a net; shiU 

paiiao, n. basket used for catching 

Pahau, n. heard. 

Pahekg, v.i. 1 s?ip. Kei paheke 
koe. 2 have a runni^ig issue. 

pahekeheke, a. slippery. 

Pahemo, v. i. 1 j^coss by ; pass on. 
Kua pahemo te ope o NGati- 
porou. 2 pass on one side; 
miss. Kahore i tahitahi ki 
taku waewae; i pahemo. 

Paheno, v.i. 1 co7ne untied. Kia 
niau te hotiki, kei paheno. 2 
slip away ; escape. WHai noa, 
whai noa, paheno tonu atu. 

Pahengahenga, n. geniostoma 
ligustri/oliuju ; a tree. 

Pahengihengi, a. bloiving gently. 
He hau pahengihengi. 

Pahi, a. gloomy; disquieted. Ka 
pahi tona ngakau. 

Pahi, n. purse; tvallet. 

Pahi, n. company of travellers ; 
number of persons in a body. 
Ko hea te pahi e haere nei. 

Pahia, v.t. slap. I pahiatia pea 
te tamaiti nei, ina ka tangi. 

Pahihi, v.i.fow in driblets. Pa- 
liilii ana te rere. 

Pahika, a. 1 2)assed on. Kua 
pahika atu nga tangata o Toko- 
maru. 2 extending to greater 
length. Pahika ake taku rakau 
i tau. 

Pahikohik5, n. bow fence, made 
of sticks with both ends stuck 
into the ground; any make-shift 

Pahiwihi"wi, a. xhueven. Mamae 
ana au i te pahiwihiwi o toku 

pahi-wiht-wi, n. a fish. 

Paho, a. soaring. 

•whakapaho, v.i. soar. 

Pahoahoa, n. headache; giddi- 
ness; stxqior. 

PahokS,, and pahokShoka, n. 
screen or shed made of branches 
with the butts stuck into the 

Pahore, a. 1 scraped off; abraded. 
Kua pahore te hiako. 2 having 
the skin rubbed off. He rongoa 
mo te pahore o toku waewae. 
3 dented. 

Pahu, n. alarum, made of stone 
or wood, formerly used in time 
of war. 

Pahu, v.i. burst; explode. Kaa- 
nga pahuliu; popped corn. 

Pahtia, pahuahua, v. t. plunder. 
Kua pahuatia te kainga o Taka. 

PS,huhu, v.i. slip off. E mau 
ana te whakaheke; e kore e pa- 

Pahiinu, v.i. burn. 

pahunu, w. fire. 

Pahupahii, n. fester. 

PS,hunga, n. crumb. 

PS,hure, v.i. 1 pass by. Kua 
pahure ke nga waka i te ata. 

2 come in sight; appear. Ta- 
ngohia te mea e pahure mai na. 

3 escape. Me te manu motu i 
te mahanga; ehara, ka pahure. 
(64) 4 be accomplished. 

"whakapahure, a v. t. cause to pass 
by; fS v.i. be nearly gone by. 

PS,i, a. 1 good. 2 ]Aeasant. 

pal, v.i. be pleased; be willing; 
assent. Kihai ia i pai mai ki ta 
koi-ua korero. — Pass, paingia, 
be liked; be aj^j^roved of. E koi'e 
e paingia tenei kainga. 

whakapai, v.t. 1 make good; 




set in order. 2 pronounce good; 

praiae. Whakapai-ruaki, feel 

whakapaipai, v. t. adorn. 
whakapaipai, a. ornamental. 
PaiS,ka, n. 1 root of a tree. 2 

weapon made from a root. (155) 
Paierg, n. bundle. E liia iiga 

paiere raupo? 
paiere, v. t. make itp into bundles. 

Paieretia nga rakau. 
Pailiau, n. 1 beard. 2 wing of a 

bird. 3 large fins of flying-fish, 

or of gurnard. 4 projecting sides 

of tlie haumi of a canoe. 
Paihere, n. or v. t. the same as 

Paihi, a. uneasy in mind. Paihi 

ana tera au i taku rongonga i 

te korero na. 
Paihore, a. 1 going astray; Ta 

te tamariki mahi, paihore ke, 

paihore ke. 2 desultory. 
Paike, v.t. strike. Paikea ki te 

ham a. 
paikeike, v.t. elevate. Taria mai 

he oneone hei paikeike mo tenei 

Paikea, a. He whare paikea ; a 

hotise having the entrance at one 

end, btit no verandah. 
Paina, painaina, v. i. warm, one- 
self. Kia paina atu ahau ki te 

taha o te kapura. 
Paipa, n. ^ji/;e. 

Paipai, n. a cutaneous disease. 
Pairi, a. disquieted; afraid; soli- 

citoiis. Ka pairi toku ngakau 

ki te pukapuka a NGatiporou. 
Pairi, n. icashboai'ds at the bow 

of a canoe. 
Paitini, n. 2)oison. 
Pai"wai, n. a kind of eel; the same 

as pakarara. 
Pai"wii"wi, a. see pahiTvihi"wi. 
Paka, or pakaka, a. 1 scorched. 

2 red or brown. Kei te wahi 

pakaka te ara. 
Paka, a. dried. Me i paka te kai 

nei, ka reka. 
pakapaka, a. dry. 
PakS,ha, a. violent ; severe. E 

pahaka ana te mamae. 
Pak^iahi, n. fireplace in a canoe, 

Pakaka, v. t. surround; hem in 

with the view of catching. 
pakaka, n. small enclosure for a 

trap. Hangaa he pakaka mo to 

Pakake, n. whale. 
Pakakinakina, a. hot. E paka- 

kinakina ana te whiti o te ra. 
PS,kak6hi, n. fern-root. 
Pakaku, v. i. X make a harsh 

grating sound. 2 make a re- 

2)eated knocking. 
PSkanga, n. quarrel; hostilities; 

PakangS,, see under pa. 
Pakani, a. quarrelsome. Katahi 

ano taku tangata pakani, ko 

PS,karara, n. a kind of eel. 
Pakari, a. 1 matured; hard. 2 

■whakapakari, v. i. boast. 
Pakarii, a. 1 shivered ; broken. 

Kua pakaru te kohua. 2 rent; 

split; torn. He pakaru no te 

poti te hoea ai. 3 pw^ to flight; 

dispersed. (N.B. — pakaru is 

not applied to a cord, &c., which 

woukl be motu; nor to anything 

long and stifl', which would be 

pakaru, or pakariikaru, v. t. 

bj-eak in ^:>ieces. Pakarua te 

Pakati, n. a pattern of carving. 
Pakato, V. i. flotv, as the tide. He 

tai pakato mai. 
Pak^u, or pakaukau, n. wing 




of a bird, of an army, or of a 

Pakauroharoha, n. winged grass- 

Pakaurua, n. sting-ray ; trygon 
thnlassia; a fish. 

Pakawha, n. 1 leaf. 2 husk. 

Pake, 11. rough mat made of leaves 
of kiekie or flax. 

Pake, a. obstinate. Ka pake te 
tangata ra, e kore e whaka- 

whakapakepake, v. t. unsettle; 
cause to abscond. Na Te Rangi 
i whakapakepake i oma ai taku 
pononga., V. i. crack ; emit a so^lnd 
like that of reiiding, &c. Ka 
pake te rakau, meake whati. 

pakeke, v. t. scrajje. Kia pake- 
ketia nga riwai. 


pakepakeha, n. imaginary beings 
of evil influence, more commonly 
known as patupaiarehe ; said 
to be like men, with fair skins. 

pakepakeha, a. 1 awkward; 
outlandish. Ehara i te hanga 
tou pakepakeha. 2 disorderly 
in dress, &c. 

Pakeha, n. foreigner ; probably 
from pakepakeha, as above. 
Kai pakeha ; a kind of sweet 
potato, introduced from abroad. 

Pakeka, n. land that has been 
exliausted by cultivation. 

pakekakeka, n. a water-plant. 

Pakeke, a. 1 hard; stiff. Pa- 
keke tonu, e kore e ngawhere. 
2 grown tip>; adult. Pakeke 
rawa ake, te moe tahi, te aha. 

Pakeke, see under pake. 
Pakere, n. outer leaves of a plant, 

as opposed to rito. 
PakStu, V. t. clear oj^ ; cut off. 

E paketu ana ahau i te taru. 

Pakevra, v. i. make a mistake in 

pakewa, a. solitary. He ika pa- 


I. Paki, a. fair; without rain. 
Kia paki te rangi ka haere ai 

II. Paki, papaki, v. t. 1 slap; 
pat. 2 claj} or strike together. 
Papaki ou ringaringa. — He tai 
papaki rua, a place where two 
waves meet. 

paki, n. ajjron; petticoat. Hei 
paki putanga mona. (13) 

papaki, n. cliff against which the 
waves beat. 

pakipaki, v. t. 1 slap or ^;«^ 
freq^iently . 2 cure or jjreserve 
by drying. Kei te pakipaki 

pakipaki, n. 1 decoy parrot. 2 
fin. 3 kete or wallet., with a 
flap to cover the opening. 

whakapaki, v. t. dry by the five ; 
toast. Ka whakapakia te puwha 
ki te ahi, ka whakapakia ki tona 
waha, ka taumahatia, ara ka 
karakiatia, kia noho ai te wai- 
rua tohunga ki roto ki a ia. 

Pakiaka, n. root of a tree. 

Pakihawa, n. throatfin of a fish. 

pakiha^wa, a. cluinsy. He koiwi 
pakihawa rawa koe. 

I. Pakihi, a. 1 dried u^p. Hence 
2 at loivest ebb. Kua pakihi te 

II. Pakihi, v. i. dig for fern-root. 
I hoki mai au i te pakihi. 

pakihi, n. place where fern-root is 

•whakapakihi, v. t. dig super- 
ficially. Kaua e whakapakihi- 
tia te keringa. 

Pakihiroa, n. north-east gale. 

Pakihi-wi, n. shoulder. 

Pakihorg, a. lazy. 

Pakik3.u, u. garment, Te wahi i 




o te 

wailiotiii ;ii oiia p;ikik;iu. (132) 

Pakiki, v. t. 1 question Jrequent/y 
or urgently. Ka pakikitia te 
tane kia korero; kore noa ilio 
e korero. — He aha ra kia paki- 
kitia rawatia e koe? 2 beg. 

Pakinakina, a. Ihot. Compare 

Pakini, v. t. 1 nijy; jnnch. 2 
ii/lch; nutclt. 

pakini, a. notched. Hore he wahi 
i pakini, 

Pakipakitai, n. a slimy vege- 
table matter in the sea. 

Pakira, a. hold. 

Pakiri, v. t. shew the teeth ; 
Ka pakiri mai nga niho 

Pakirikiri, n. a fish. 

Pakirehua, v. i. make enqiiiries. 
Ka hoki mai ki konei pakire- 
hua ai. 

Pakitara, n. side-tvall of a house. 

Pakiwaha, n. sides of the tnouth. 

paki-waha, a. boastful. He ta- 
ngata pakihawa. 

Pako, and papako, v. t. glean 
after the crop has been taken 
up. E pako kapana ana. 

Pako, V. i. make a loud sudden 
sound or report; poj). Ka pako 
te tai, he tohu hau tonga. 

Pakoa, a. 1 that has become shal- 
loiv or dry. 2 loiv, of the tide. 
Kia pakoa te tai ka haere ai 

Pakohea, a. dried tip. Ka pako- 
hea ahau i te ra. 

Pakohii, a. rent; cleft. Ka pa- 
kohu tenei wahi. 

pakohu, n. chasm. 

Pakoko, a. not 2^1'oducing young; 

Pakoko, a. 1 shrunk; dried up). 
2 become shcdlow or di'y. 3 eina- 
ciated; lean. Ka pakoko nga 
kauwae te tawhiti nei. 4 old; 

of the previous year (of roots, 
etc., used for food). 

whakapakoko, v. t. dry. 

■whakapakoko, n. 1 mummy. 2 

Pakonga, a. concave; hollow. E 
pakonga ana tenei taha. 

Pakora, a. lotv (of the tide). 

Pakore, a. broken (of anything 
which breaks to pieces, as an 
earthen vessel, calabash). 

Pakoro, n. 2^otato-stack. 

Pakoro, a. not producing young ; 

Pakii, a. 1 dried. E paku ana 
taku korokoro. 2 small. He 
whare paku. 

paku, n. 1 scab. Kua pakua 
te toto. 2 small quantity ; any- 
thing small. E rua rawa nga 
paku korero o tenei runanga. 

papakii, v. i. set ; become hard or 
dry. Kua papaku te hinu i 
roto i te taha. 

papaku, a. shallow. Kia tuku te 
wai ka papaku te kauanga. 

pakiip^ku, a. 1 somewhat dry ; 
shalloiv. 2 somewhat small. Riri 
pakupaku, S2)ite. 

whakapaku, a v. i, begin to be 
dry or small. Ka whakapaku 
te tai, ina nga manu ka noho 
i runga i te tahuna. (3 v. t. 
make dry, &c. 

Paku, V. i. 1 make a sudden 
sound or report. Na wai te pu 
i paku nei ? 2 resound. Te 
tangata e haere mai nei tona 
rongo, e paku nei i nga whenua. 
(189) 3 extend. Na Maui- 
potiki i tinihanga ki a Hinenui- 
tepo, i pa mai ai he mate ki nga 
tangata o te ao, paku ki runga, 
paku ki raro. (7) 

pakukii, and whakapakuku, 
V. i. knock repeatedly, 

Pakiiha, a. connected with mar- 





Pakuka, n. screen from the tvind. 

Pakiira, n. 1 water-hen; iwr- 
2)hyrio melanotus. Taringa-pa- 
kura ; stubborn. He taringa 
pakura te tangata nei. Tapu- 
wae pakura, a kind of ornamen- 
tal work in a Maori building. 
2 gunwale of a canoe. 

pakurakura, a. red. 

pakurakura, n. 1 red garment. 
2 a fish. 

Pakiiru, v.i. knock; make a knock- 

pakuru, n. two sticks, one of 
which is held between the teeth 
and struck with the other. 

pakurukuru, n. figurehead of a 
canoe, consisting of a bust only, 
without arms. 

Pakuvrha, n. relation hy mar- 

Pamartiao, a. distant. Pehea te 
pamamao o tou kainga? 

Pamard, a. 1 solid; hard. 2 
steady.; without hesitation. Kia 
pamaro ai te haerenga mai ki 
waho o te rua. (151) 

Pana, v.t. 1 thrust or drive 
away; expel. 2 cause to come 
or go forth in any way. He 
karakia pana tamariki. (8) 

panapana, v.i. throb. E pana- 
pana ana te toto. 

Panahi, n. convolvulus sepium; or 
c. soldanella. 

Panako, n. asplenium obtusatum; 
a fern. 

Panaki, and pananaki, v.i. in- 
cline with a gentle slojje; rise 
with a gentle ascent. 

panakitanga, n. gentle slope. 

Panau, v.i. jump (as a fish.) 

panaunau, n. gentle ascent of a 

PS,ne, or panepane, n. head. 

PauSke, a V. i. move forwards. 

E kore e paneke te waka. (3 
v.t. move. Panekea ake te ta- 
panek6nek6, n. small edge tool; 

I. Pani, n. 1 orp)han 2 widoiv. 

II. Pani, v.t. j)aint; besmear. E 
pani ana te kuia ra i tona 
matenga ki te hinu. 

III. Pani, or papani, v.t. block u]). 
Kua pania tena kuwaha. 

Panikena, n. jm^mikin. 
Panoho, n. pole for propelling a 

Pan6k6, and pS,n6k6reia, n. 

sucker; diplocrejns 2>uniceus ; a 

Panoni, v. chayige. 
Pan6n6k6, the same as panoko. 
Panui, V. t. 1 read or sjyeak aloud. 

2 2)ublish; proclaim. 3 adver- 
tise 2niblicly. 
Paniiku, v.i. 1 inove on. Kihai 

i panuku te rongoa ; mau tonu 

ki te korokoro. 2 expressing 

lapse of time. Ka tau ko Rehu; 

panuku tou mai ko Rukupo; 

panuku tou mai ko Rangiora. 
Panga, see i. pa. 
Panga, v.t. 1 throiv. 2 lay; place. 

Ka pangaa nga kai ki runga ki 

te waka. 
Panganga, a. lean. Hore i te 

ngohi nei; panganga kau. 
PangaragarSL, n. a fish. 
Pango, a. black ; of dark colour. 
papango, a. dark in colour; green, 

&c. Kei te papango tonu te 

papango, n. widgeon. 
Pangoro, a. full. Pangoro tonu 

te waka. 
PangSungou, n. a fish. 
Pangunungiinii, v.t. i-oast. Pa- 

ngunungunua he riwai ma ta- 

PS.O, V. t. 1 strike with a hammer, 




&c. 2 crack or break; and 
hence applied intransitively to 
the hatching of eggs. Ka pao 
nga hua pipipi. Pass, paoa, 1 
he scattered. Ka paoa rikiriki 
nga tangata o reira. The men 
of that 2)lace are scattered like 
dust. 2 be diffused, as scent. 

paopao, V. t. 1 strip off the bark 
by bruising. 2 refuse any thing 
which one really wishes for. Me 
paopao oti? He mokopuna ra- 
nei na Rahiri? 

PS,oS,, n. 1 smoke. 2 gall. See 
also under pao. 

Paoe, a. solitary. 

Paoho, a. on the alarm. Paoho 
kau ki hea ranei. 

Paoi, n. wooden beater for pound- 
ing fern-root. 

paoi, V. t. pound with a paoi. 
Kua paoitia he aruhe hei ki- 
naki. (94) — Paoia he roi ma 

Paoro, V. i. 1 echo; resound. Pa- 
oro ana nga niaunga i tetahi 
taha, i tetahi taha. 2 be jarred 
by harsh sounds. Paoi"Ooro ana 
nga taringa. 

Paowa, see paoa. 

I. Papa, n. 1 father, or father's or 
7)iother's brother. Mana e taki- 
taki te mate o tona papa. 2 a 
lizard. 3 geniostonia ligustri- 
folium; a shrub. 

II. Papa, a V. t. ram or cojnpress 
with the hand. He mea papa 
te oneone. (3 v. i. be overcome. 
Papa noa; kihai i rere, kihai i 
aha. (7) 

P&pS,, n. 1 anything broad, fat, 
and hard; fat rock; slab; board, 
especially the broad board clos- 
ing the doorway or window 
aperture of a native house, and 
so, door; shutter. 2 a proper 
name for the earth, short for 

Papa-tu-a-nuku. 3 disputed 
land, or other ground oj qtiarrel. 
He papa taku ki a ia; / have 
offended him. Ka riro i a au te 
papa; / have gained the victory. 
4 breech; buttock. Kei nga 
papa te mamae. 5 vessel made 
of totara-bark. E rua nga papa 
hinu. (138) 6 mesh of a net. 

papa, v.i. 1 lie flat. 2 be throion 
down or overcome. Ko ona tua- 
kana, i papa noa i te ngaunga a 
Tawhiri ratou ko ana tama. (6) 

whakapapa, a v. i. go slily or 
stealthily. Ka whakapapa mai 
te tangata ra; he tahae pea. 
/? V. t. 1 lay one up)on another; 
place in layers. 2 recite in 
chronological order genealogies, 
legends, &c. I haere mai ia ki 
te whakapapa i nga kauwhau o 

whakapapa, n. genealogiccd tccble. 

whakapaparanga, n. 1 layer; 
sei'ies of layers. 2 generation. 

Papa, V. i. 1 break shortly or sud- 
denly. He mea papa noa. 2 
burst; explode. Papa te whati- 
tiri runga nei. 3 chatter, as the 
teeth with cold; chirp, as the 
cicada. He tarakihi e papa ana 
i te waru. 

PapSahuahua, n. shoulder-blade. 

Papae, see under pae. 

Papahewa, a. diseased in the eyes. 

Papahoro, v. i. 1 fall or droj) out. 
Ka maroke nga harakeke, ka 
papahoro nga kai. ^flee. Kua 
papahoro te ope. 

PapS,hu, v.i. blaze. Ka papahu 
te kapura. 

PapS,kS,, n. 1 crab. 2 a variety 
of potato. 3 skirting board. 

PS,pS,-kai-ra, n. outer surface oJ 
the side of a canoe. 

PS,paki, see under paki. 

Papaki, v. t. sew one thing upon 




another, and so 1 |;a<cA, Me 
papaki tou kakaliu. 2 sew Uvo 
^ketes^ mouth to mouth to hold 
maize, &c. Taurakitia, ka ma- 
roke, papaki rawa^ ka whakatu 
atu ki roto ki te whata. 

Papaku, see under paku. 

Papakura, n. an insect. 

Papamaro, a. 1 hard. 2 obsti- 

PS,panga, a. half-full. Ringihia 
he wai ki roto, kia papanga. 

PapangS,, n. site. Kotahi papa- 
nga kainga. 

Papapa, n. 1 calabash. 2 shell 
of an egg, &c. 3 chaff or bran. 
4 a kind of moss. 5 a tree. 

Papapa-koura, n. a plant. 

Papapatua, n. vessel made of to- 

Papara, v. i. 1 flow (of the tide). 
Ka papara te tai. 2 denoting 
any slight extension of space. 
I a Te Ranginga a raro; papara 
atu, i a Pi ; 23apara atu, i a Rua. 

Paparahi, n. stage for drying 

Paparahiia, n. a kind of table 
from whicli food is eaten. 

Papare, see under pare. 

Paparinga, n. cheek. 

Paparoa, a. scarce, as food. Ko 
tana karakia wliakapaparoa kai 

Paparii, a., flat-roofed. 

Papariia, v. t. 1 double. 2 re- 
peat. 3 overlay. 

Papata, see under pata. 

Papatahi, n. flat land. 

Papatairite, a. level; of an even 

Pap&takeo, v. i. he clean swept 

Papa-tani-whaniwhS,, n. lageno- 
}>hora Forsteri ; a plant. 

Papa-tangaroa, n. a shell-fish. 

Papatau, n. Itard surfccce. Ka 

papatautia te wahi ra i te ta- 
ngata nei te takatakahi. 

PapatS,ura, n. a red fungus grow- 
ing on rocks. 

Papatea, a. having no tattoo marks 
on the face. 

Papatti, n. 1 screen for defen- 
sive purposes ; bulwark. 2 

Papatiia, n. land which has 7iot 
been cultivated. 

Papatiipu, n. 1 hctrd ground. 
2 solid mass. I a au te papa- 
tupu o te oneone. 

Papauma, n. griselinia littoralis; 
a tree. 

Papaurangi, n. a plant used as 
scent for oil. 

Papawai, n. outer surface of the 
bottom of a cccnoe. 

Papa'wheniia, n. a kind of eel, 
not full grown ; the same as 

Papi, V. i. ooze; leak. Kei papi 
mai te wai ki roto ki te waka. 

Papipapi, a. confused. Ka papi- 
papi te reo o te tangata nei. 

Papiia, a. fruitfid. He rakau 
papua te kahikatea. 

Papura, a. purple. 

I. Para, n. 1 sediment; impurity; 
dross. He wai para horo; 
water made muddy by a land- 
slij). 2 dust. 3 half of a tree 
which has been split down the 
middle. Wahia ana, ko Mata- 
tua tetahi para, ko Aotea te- 
tahi. (109) 4 a species of 
cordyline; a plant. 5 marattia 
salicina ; a fern. 6 bravery ; 
sjnrit. He tangata whai para. 

para, a. 1 turned to dust; rotten. 
He riri ano ta te tawa uho, he 
riri ano ta te tawa para ; ara o 
te rangatira, ona whakatuaki. 
(145) 2 turned yellow; sere. 
Ka para nga kai o to mara. 




pS,rS,p9,rS<, n. 1 sacred place. 2 
Jirst-fruits of fish. 3 a species 
of jj«««£c; a tree. 

II. PS,rS,, a. affected with pimples. 

III, PS,rS,, V. t. cut down busli, &c. ; 
clear. Kei te para a Piwaka i 
tana waerenga. 

Para, u. lepidopus caudatus ; frost- 

Parae, n. level or undulating open 


Paraiiaraha, a. fiat and thin. 
WHiri paraharaha ; fiat cord 
platted with three strands. 

paraharaha, n. 1 liooj) iron, or 
anything similar. 2 tool made 
of thin iron. 3 the name of an 

Parahako, a. rejected. 

>vhakaparahako, v.t. reject; re- 
fuse. He aha koe i whakapara- 
hako ai ki te kakahu mou ? 

Parahi, n. steep slope. 

Paraiii, n. brass. 

Parahua, n. fresh alluvial deposit. 

Parahiia, v. t. take off the bait 
from a hook. I parahuatia taku 
matau e te ika. 

Parahunuhunii, v. t. roast. Ka 
haere tatou ki te parahunuhunu 
ngote ma tatou. 

Parai, a V. t. fry. (3 n. frying- 

Paraikete, n. blanket. 

Paraire, n. bridle. 

Parairei, n. Friday. 

Parakaraka, n. a variety of ku- 
rnara, with red skin. 

Parakau, n. slave. 

Parakete, n. booty. 

Paraki, n. land-wind from the 

Parakia, n. remnant; properly of 
remnants of food left in a native 

Parakimete, n. blacksmith. 

PS,rakiri, n. innermost fence of 
a pa, inside the katua or main 

ParakiwS,!, n. silt; sediment from 
a Hood. 

Parakoka, n. refuse of flax-leaf 

Parakoka, n. a fish, the same as 

Parakuhi, n. breakfast. 

Paramana'wa, n. refreshment. Ka 
kite mai ki ana paramanawa 
liei oranga, hari ana. (151) 

Paramu, n. 1 2)lum. 2 ])lumb- 

Paranako, n. asj^leniuni obtusa- 
tum ; a fern. 

Paranene, w.. flannel. 

Paranohi, v. t. cover with hot 
stones in a native oven. 

Parangeki, n. 1 soiond of voices 
in the air, regarded as an indica 
tion of some disaster. 2 rubbish 
brought down by floods. 

I. Parangia, n. bait for fish. 

II. Parangia, v. pass, be overcome 
with sleep. Kei parangia koe 
e te nioe. 

Parangunii, v. t. roast. Para- 

ngunua he taiawa ma tatou. 
Paraoa, n. 1 sjjei'in whale. 2 

tveapon made of the bone of 

a sperm-whale. Paraoa -roa ; 

weapon made of a tvhale's 7'ib. 
Par.\oa, n. flour; bread. 
Parapara, n. 1 sacred place. 2 

first-frtiits offish, cooked before 

the rest. 3 a tree. 
Paraparahanga, n. fragments of 

Parara, n. 1 sudden and violent 

gust of tvind. 2 bad fern-root. 
Pararaha, a. wide and shallow 

(of a vessel). 
Pararahi, a., flat. 

I. Parare, n. food. Ka haere tatou 
ki te parare. 

II. Parare, v. i. sjieak or cry loudly ; 




bawl. Parare tonu te mangai 
o te wahine ra. — Ka parare raua 
ki te tangi. (97) 

Parareka, n. potato. 

Parariki, n. rust. 

Pararutiki, a. paralytic. 

Parata, n. 1 an imaginary mon- 
ster in the sea, the opening and 
shutting of whose mouth was 
said to cause the ebb and flow 
of the tide. 2 figure-head carved 
on the body of a canoe. 

Parate, n. maize. 

ParatawhitijU. a tuberous-rooted 

Paratu, a. high up). Kua paratu 
noa atu te ra. (13) 

Parau, n. 1 slave. 2 slavery. 
Ka riro taku tamaiti i te parau. 

Parau, a. 1 false. Parau tahi e 
ta ! 2 making fruitless exer- 
tions ; toiling to no 2')ur2)ose. Ko 
te iwi ra tera, ka parau kau 
atu i uta. (179) 3 making vain 
pretensions ; speaki^ig falsely. 
Parapai-au kau koe e hoa. 

Parau, n. and v. t. p)lough. 

Parauri, a. dark in colour; dark- 

Para"wera, n. land ivhere the fern, 
Arc, has been burnt ofi. 

Para"whenua, \\. flood. 

I. Pare, n. hand for the hair ; 
ornament for the forehead ; 
wreath. Pare titi ; jc»ea^ of a 

II. PS,r6, and paparS, v. t. turn 
aside ; ivard off. Ka parea te 
matia, ka hemo. 

parepare, n. 1 breastwork in a 

fortification. 2 defensive kara- 

kia or charm. (173) 
parenga, and pareparenga, n. 

steep bank of a river. 
Pare, n. barley. 
ParearSki, n. qtiivering of the 

atmosphere fi'om heat. 

"PsLVehG, Si. flattened; bent imvards, 
Heihuparehe; a fat nose. Ka 
parehe te tuara i te kawenga. 

parehe, n. fiat cake. He parehe 

I. Pareho, n. head. 

II. Pareho, v. i. be consumed. Kua 
pareho ke nga ika i te poti. 

Parekareka, a. j:)?eas«n^. 
Parekereke, n. sandal. 
Pareko, v. i. be consumed. 
Parekuhi, v. t. cut the hair short. 
Parekura, n. battle ; battle-field ; 

place where peop)le have fallen in 

Paremata, n. stern oj a vessel. 
Paremo, a. 1 drowned. Kia tu- 

pato ki to tamaiti kei paremo. 

• — -Ika paremo ; a human victim 

killed to secure good luck. Ko 

toku taokete, nie patu ia hei 

ika paremo mo to tatou waka. 

2 hesitating in speech. He arero 

Parenako, n. aspleniiom obtusa- 

tum; a fern. 
Parengo, v. i. slip>. 
parengorengo, a. slipipery. He 

kowhatu parengorengo ; a term 

applied to a churlish fellow. 
Parera, n. 1 duck. 2 a fish. 
parerarera, n. plantago; a plant. 
Parera, n. 7iorth-west ivind. 
Pareramaumu, a. unable to swim. 
Paretai, n. bank of a river. 
Parete, n. 2^otato. 
Paretua, n. 2)<^d under a load, to 

protect the back. 
Pare"wher6, n. slaughter in battle. 

I. Pari, n. cliff; preci2)ice. Pari 
karangaranga ; echo. 

II. Pari, a. f owing (of the tide 
only). E kore tatou e puta i 
nga kowhatu; kua pari ke te 

III. Pari, v. i. only in the phrase 
' pari te ihu ' ; be overpotvered ; 




be baffled. Kua pari te ihu ki 
te moe. (93) 

Parihirihi, n head. 

Parikou, n. a kind of eel. 

PariratangS,, n. cessation; inter- 
mission. Te ai he pariratanga 
o to liau nei. 

Parirau, n. wing of a bird. 

Pariri, v.i. slioot up ; grotv. 

pariri, n. 1 shoot of a plant. 2 
clearing in the bush ivhere the 
trees have begun to grow again. 

Paritaniwha, n. a sub-variety of 
tihore phormium tenax. 

PS-ritea, n. white cliff. Ano te 
kiri, me he paritea. (164) 

Paro, n. 1 hollotv of the hand. 2 
small basket for cooked food. 

Paroparo, a. tvithered; decayed. 

Parore, a. ca?ising ralaxation or 
weakness. E whiti, e te ra, pa- 
rore ki te kiri. 

parore, n. a fish. 

Parori, a. aivry. Parori ke te 

PS,ror6, or paroro, a. cloudy; 
threatening. Ka titiro ki te 
rangi e paroro ana, ka noho. 

paroro, n. threatening clouds; 
scud; bad iveather. I te mea 
ka puta te paroro, ka waipuke 
te whenua. 

I. Parii, a. dirty. 

paru, n. dirt; nnid. 

paruparu, n. 1 mud. 2 a pre- 
paration of cockles. He ranga- 
tira; e kore pea ia e kai i te 
paruparu. (190) 

II. Paru, V. t. 1 cover with a coat- 
ing of raupo. Tikina he raupo 
hei paru mo waho o te whare, 
2 lay thatch on the roof without 
tying. Kotahi te papanga nati, 
kotahi te papanga paru. 

paru, n. 1 raufo on the walls of a 
house. 2 thatch on the roof. Ka 
piki raua ki runga ki te tuanui, 

ka tapatapaliia nga paru o te 

wliarc. (47) 
III. PS,ru, a. deep. 
■whakaparu, a. high; full (of the 

tide). He tai whakaparu te tai 

o te ata. 
paruparu, a. deeply laden. Paru- 
paru noa te waka ki raro ki te 

Parua, n. 1 brim or edge of a 

bowl, nest, &c. 2 slight hollotv 

in taro field, in which each tuber 

is planted. 
Paruaurii, n. one who ctdtivates 

the soil. 
Paruhi, a. blunt. 
Parurenga, n. prey; booty. 

I. Pariiru., a. 1 shaded. Paruru 
tonu te mahinga a tuahangata. 
2 sheltered from weather. 

II. Paruru, v. t. rtib together. Pa- 
rurutia nga riwai kia ngahoro 
ai te ngarehu. 

Pata, n. 1 drop) of water, &c. 2 
grain of corn, ifcc. 3 a variety 
of potato. 4 a kind of tnat. 

pata, and patapata, v. i. drip; 
fall in drops. Ka pata iho te 

papata, n. small waves. 

papata, a. covered tvith spots or 

patapata, n. strings of a mat. 

whakapata, n. ancient times. 
No tua, no whakapata. 

Patahi, v.i. befal all alike. He 
hara kahore i patahi ki a tatou. 

I. Patai, V. t. 1 question; enquire. 
Waiho, mana e patai mai. 2 
provoke. Ka whakaturia e koe 
he kara, he patai riri tena. 3 
indtice. He patai tai naku i te 
tangata kia whakatika ki runga. 
4: jeer; mock. 

patapatai, v. t. ask Jrequently. 

whakapatai, v.t. ask. Ka wha- 
kapataia mai e te pakeha. 




n. PatS,i, n. a kind of girdle. 

Fataka, n. 1 storehouse raised 
upon posts; elevated stage for 
storing food. WHakanoia ki 
runga ki te pataka. 2 enclos- 
ure. He pataka poaka. 

Patanga, n. boundary. Ko te 
patanga tenei ki a Patahuri 
raua ko Tirawatu. 

Patangaroa, n. seed-leaves of 

Patapataiawha, n. heavy rain. 

Patara, n. bottle. 

Patari, and pataritSri, v. t. 1 
amuse; divert. Pataritaria te 
tamaiti. 2 allure; entice. Ka 
whakaritea nga tangata hei pa- 
taritari atu i te ngutu o te ana. 
(151) 3 provoke ; incite. 

whakapataritari, v. t. provoke. 

Patata, a. near. 

Patatai, n. land-rail ; a bird. 

Patate, v. i. crack; break with a 
cracking sound. 

patate, n. schefflera digitata; a 

Patato, V. i. rattle; jingle. 

Pataua, a. caused by rain. Wai 
pataua; surface water. 

Pate, n. schefflera digitata; a tree. 

pate, a. false. He pate kau 'no e ! 

Patea, n. a variety of kumara. 

Pateha, a. consumed. 

Patehetehe, a. short. He raupo 
patehetehe nei. 

Pateketeke, n. a bird. 

Patengitengi, n. storehouse for 

Patere, v.i.flotv readily. Patere 
ana nga kupu a Tohitapu. 

patere, n. dance. 

patere, ad. denoting abundance. 
Tiui patere ; exceeding many. 

Patero, v. i. p)rotrude. 

Patete, v. i. move along. E kore 
e patete to waka i te tai timu. 

patetea, pass, be lengthened or 

extended. Ka patetea te whare* 

patStS, n. schefflera digitata; a 

patetete, a. stunted. 

Pati, V. t. try to obtain by coaxing, 
flattery, &c. He pati moni i te 
pakeha i pena ai tana korero. 

patipati, a. flattering ; deceiving ; 
not to be depended 7ipon. He 
rongo patipati te rongo o te 
Kawana ki a au. 

■whakapati, v.t. 1 flatter; cajole; 
coax. He aha tau e whaka- 
pati? e kore hoki e hoatu. 2 
induce by means of gifts. 

Pati, V. i. ooze; spurt; splash. 
Pati ana te wai roto ina kai- 

Patiki, n. rhombosolea monoj}us; 

Patiko, ad. headlong; in haste. 
Ka rere patiko koe ki Maunga- 
waru rawa ngaro noa atu ai. 

Patiotio, n. 1 a shell-fish. 2 rock 
covered tvith mussels. 

Patiti, n. 1 viicrolcena stipoides; 
a grass. 2 hatchet. 

Patitb, n. eruption on the head; 
scald head. 

Pato, V. i. crack; siiaj); einit a 
sharp sudden sound. E pato 
mai ra te rakau; kei reira te 
tangata i oma nei. 

patoto, V. i. 1 beat; dash. Koi 
patoto te tai ki te akau, koi 
aha. 2 knock repeatedly. 3 
bite, as a fish in taking the bait, 

Patohe, n. fallow; abandoned 

Patokatoka, n. south-east sea- 

Patoke, v.t. glean potatoes, &c. 
E patoke kapana ana. 

Patoti, V. i. ctot a notch ov furrow. 
Patoti noa ai i runga; kaore i 
hou ki raro. 

patoti, a. dented; notched. 




Pat6t6i, a. cluippcd. E patotoi 
ana oku ngutu. 

Patu, n. wall; screen. 

patutu; n. 1 sAe^^er from weather. 
2 dog skin -mat; the same as 

P3,tu, V. t. 1 strike; heat; thrash. 
Aue rawa ake, ka aue, e patu 
ana, a roa rawa, ka tukua. (19) 
2 ill-treat in any way. 3 kill. 
Ka toia mai ki waho, ka patua, 
ka mate a Kae. (38) Patunga- 
tapu ; sacrifice; a modern use in 
the Maori version of the Bible. 

patu, n. wea2}on. Ko te kauae o 
tona tupuna tana patu. (19) 

papatu, V. i. strike together; clash. 
Ka papatu a raua rakau. 

patu, a. Kaho patu ; uppermost or 
lowest batten on the roof of a 

PS,tua, n. vessel made of hark. 
Katahi ka tutua ki te taha, ki 
te patua. See papapatua. 

Patuki, V. t. strike; knock. 

patukituki, v. t. 1 strike or knock 
repeatedly or gently. 2 order 
repeatedly. E patukituki ana 
ia i a au. 

PS-tupS,iarghS, n. demons of evil 

I. PS,u, V. i. 1 he consumed or 
exhausted. Ko etahi rawhi ka 
pau ma nga whakaeke. 2 de- 
noting the complete or exhaus- 
tive character of any action. 
Ka pau katoa nga poaka te 
hopuhopu. With mai or atu it 
signifies that all have come or 
gone. I pau mai ano nga ta- 
ngata o te ope ra ki ro whare. 

whakapau, V. t. consume ; fi,nish ; 
leave no exception. 

II. PS,u, n. a variety of potato. 
PauSl, n. 1 haliotis or sea-ear; a 

shell fish. 2 potatoes blackened 
from exposure to the weatlier. 


Pauhii, a v.i. slip. Kei pauhu 
atu te rakau. [3 v.t. put off; 
adjourn. Pauhua atu ta tatou 
mea mo te takiwa o te hanga- 
nga i te whare-karakia. 

Paukena, n. pumpkin. 

Pauku, n. a garment. 

Pauna, n. poxmd. 

PAUNA, v.t. weigh. 

Paura, n. 1 gunpowder. 2 smxd 
in wheat. 

Pawa, n. entrance to a trap. See 
also paoa. 

pawapa"wa, a. strongly scented. 

PawS,i, n. bilge of a canoe. 

Paweke, v.t. ensnare. 

Pawera, a. 1 hot. 2 solicitous; 
apprehensive. Ka pawera toku 

PawhakSriia, n. 7iorth east wind. 

Pa"whara, a. ripjjed open. 

pa"whS,ra, v.t. rij) ojyen. Ka 
haehaea te ika nei; pawharatia 
tonutia i te riu. (155) 

Pe, and pepe, a. 1 crushed; 
mashed. Kua pe ke nga pititi 
i roto i te kete. 2 soft ; easily 
crushed. 3 suppurating, as a 
boil. Homai he rongoa hei 
whakape mo taku whewhe. 4 
soiled by any pulpy or viscid 
substance. Kei pe tou kakahu 
i te miere. 

pe, n. roe of fish. 

pepe, n. soft mass; cake. He 
pepe roi. 

Pea, ad. 1 perhaps. E kore pea 
ia e pai mai kiahau. (131) 2 
intensive, sometimes preceded 
byhoki; indeed ; of course. He 
taniwha hoki pea kei te ara ki 
Tikitapu. (136) 3 for pehea; 

Peau, V. i. be turned away. Kua 
peau ke te ihu o te kaipuke. 

■whakapeau, v.t. tur^i aivay; di- 
vert. Ko to utu mo to tohunara 




ta nioko, me whakapeau mai ki 
a au. 

I. Peha, n. hark; peelings, &c. 

II. Peha — pepeha, n. 1 boast. 2 
affected speech ; witticism. He 
pepeha te ki nei, ehara i te ki 

whakapehapeha, v. i. hoast. 

Pehanga, n. 1 derivative from 
pehi. 2 heaqy. Te pehanga 
wahie e kaike mai I'a. 

Pehea, a. interrogative, of tohat 
sort, character, appearance, ka. 
Pehea te ahua o to tane? (52) 

pehea, v.t. do or treat in what 
way. I peheatia te iwi ra i 
mate ai? 

Pehi, a V. t. 1 press ; iveigh doivn. 
E haere mai ana hoki nga kawe- 
kawe, e pehi ana i te waka ki 
raro. (no) 2 repj'ess. Ekore 
e taea tona iiiahia te pehi. 3 
abolish. 4 cover; incubate, as 
a hen. (i v. i. lie. E pehi mai 
ra nga wahie i tua o te whare. 

pehi, n. 1 sticks rubbed together 
to procure fire; especially the 
kaimoti, or under one. 2 se- 
cond person killed or taken in 
battle. I a Tupe te mataika, i 
a au te pehi. 

pehipehi, v.t. waylay. Katahi 
ka pehijDehia mai e Rata i ta- 
haki. (55) 

pehipehi, n. 1 ambuscade. 2 
sill of a door frame. 3 return 
for a present. Ko te kohi pehi- 
pehi nga tangata. 

Pehiakiira, n. dicksonia squar- 
rosa ; a fern tree. 

Pei, v.t. drive out; banish. He 
peinga hoki ia na ona tuakana. 

Peipei, n. lump of earth ; clod. 

Peiiiana, n. 1 basin. 2 pheasant. 

Peita, n. paint. 

Peka, n. 1 branch of a tree, river, 
Ac, hence 2 firewood. ^ fern. 

peka, V. i. turn aside. 
pekanga, n. branch road. Kia 

tae koe ki te pekanga o te ara 

ka noho ki raro. 
whakapeka, v.t. refuse. Korero 

whakapeka ; dark saying. 
pekapeka, n. 1 bat. 2 wi^idmill 

toy. 3 some kind of ornament. 


I. Peke, n. upper part of the arm; 
fore-quarter. Ka ngaro katoa 

nga peke matamua ki roto ki 
nga koro. (151) 

II. Peke, v.t. leap over. Pekea 
te awa nei. 

peke, v.i. 1 spring ; leap. 2 hide 

oneself. Ka ngoki a Rongoua- 

roa ki roto o te punake o te 

waka peke ai. 
pepeke, v. i. drato iip tlie legs or 

arms. Pepeke ou waewae. 
pepeke or pekepeke, a. quick. 

Kia pekepeke te haere. 
pepeke, n.frog. 
whakapeke, v.t. conceal. Ka 

mau ki te hate, ka whakapekea 

ki roto ki ona. 

III. Peke, v.i. be all gone or 
come, without exception. Ka- 
hore ano au taonga kia peke 
mai 1 

Peke, n. bag. 

Pekeha'wani, n. the star whose 

appearance marks the eighth 

Pekepoho, n. first-born child. 
Pekerangi, v. i. dance. 
pekerangi, n. outermost ov fourth 

fence of a complete stockade. 
Pekerere, n. small garment for 

the shoulders ; cape. 
Peke tua, n. 1 sujrplementary load 

carried on the back. 2 a wea- 
pon carried in the belt. 
Peki, V. i. chirp; twitter. Te 

manu e peki ana. (137) 
Pena, a. like that which is near 




or has some reference to, the 

person spoken to; followed by 

pena, v. t. treat ovdo in that way. 

Mo pena ia te mahi na? 
pena, ad. in that case. 
PgnapenS,, v. t. take care of; tend; 

Pene, n. 1 pen. 2 penny. 
Penfii, a. like anything near or 

connected with the speaker ; fol- 
lowed by me. 
penei, v.t. do in this manner. 

Ko wai ka liua tera e peneitia 1 
penei, ad. in this case; if the case 

were th^is ; otherivise. Me i ora 

ano a te Arawa, penei e rua 

nga waka liei hoenga ki Ha- 

waiki. (93) 
Penupenu, a. mashed. Kua penu- 

penu nga kapana i roto i te 

Peo, v.t. beg. E peo kai ana te 

Peoi, n. solanum aviculare ; a 

Pepa, n. 1 paper, 2 pepper. 

I. Pep6, n. 1 a grub found in 
rotten wood. 2 moth. 

pepepe, n. 1 7noth or butterfly. 
2 basket. 3 cladium Sinclairii ; 
a plant. 

II. Pepe, V. t. attract birds by 
imitating their cry. Ka mau 
ki te raurekau, ka pepea. 

pepe, n. leaf used for the above 
purpose. Ma Matete e whaka- 
tangi te pepe. 

pepe, a. close together. Akuanei 
kia pepe te haere. 

Pepe, see under pe. 

Pepeha, see under peha. 

Pepeke, see under peke. 

Pepuere, n. Febrxiary. 

Pera, like anything which is im- 
connected either with the speaker 
or the person addressed ; of that 

kind ; of that character ; such 
as that. Me i pera te ahua, ka 
pai ano. 

pera, v. t. treat or do in that 

Peraro, a. a shell fish. 

Pere, n. ccrrow or dart thrown 
by means of a thong attached 
to a stick, 

pere, v. t. throiv an ari'ow or 

perepere, v. t. clear off weeds 
&c. Me perepere nga taru o 
te mara ka ngaki ai. 

Pere, n. piail. 

Pere, n. bell. 

Perehia, n. agrostis cemida, 2^i- 
losa or Billardieri ; grasses. 

Pereki, n. brick. 

Pereti, n. plate. 

Peropero, n. dog. 

Peru, n. 1 fulness about the eyes 
and lips when a person is an- 
gry. Ka tuku nga peru a to 
tangata. 2 ove7'hangi7ig portion 
of a gable. E nui ana te peru 
ki waho. 3 head of a nail. 

peruperu, 1 throat feathers of 
the koko, or prosthemadera. 
2 a kind of dance. 

Perua, n. tame kaka. 

Petapeta, a. wo7-n out. 

petapeta, n. rags. 

petapeta, ad. all at once. 

Peti, n. bed. 

Peto, V. i. be co^isumed. Kua 
peto noa atu te rongoa. 

Pe"wa, n. anything bow-shaped ; so 
1 eyebrow. Tu ana nga pewa 
o te tangata ra ; ka riri. 2 
new moon. 3 entrance to a 
trap for birds, &c. 4 Pewa 
ika, roe of a fish. 

I. Pi, n. young of birds ; chick. 

II. Pi, V. i. flow (of the tide). 
Kua pi te tai. 

pipi, V. i. ooze. 




pipi, a V. t. bathe witli water. (3 

V. i. squeak ; chirp. 
Pt, n. 1 tirine. 2 bee. 3 pea. 
Pia, n. 1 gtim of trees, or any 

similar exudatioti. 2 blind eel. 
Piahaere, n. a plant. 
PiangS, a. empty. Ka piango te 

Plata, a. bright ; clear ; traiis- 

Pie, V. t. 1 desire earnestly. 2 

Piha, n. small kumara. 
PihS,, and pihapihS,, n. gills of 

a fish. 
Pihanga, n. windotv. 
Pihangaiti, v. i. lie in a heap ; 

be gathered together. Kia pi- 
hangaiti nga papa. 
whakapihangaiti, v. t. lay in a 

Pihao, V. t. surroivnd. Pihaoa! 

Pihaoa ! 
PihS,rau, n. geotria chilensis; lam- 

PiHAREiNGA, n. cricket. Ko te 

pihareinga kei te noho marire ; 

mo te raumati ka tangi ai. 
PihS, n. song sung over the bo- 
dies of the slain. 
pihepihe, n. girdle for the waist. 
Pihi, V. i. spring uj) ; begin to 

groui. Kua pihi nga korau. 
pihi, n. a species of grass. 
pihi, a. tvatertight. 
pihipihi, n. zoster ops lateralis ; 

a bird. 
Pihi, see piihi. 
Piho, n. a variety of potato. 
Pihoihoi, n. ground lark ; anthus 

Nova' Zelandioi. 
Pih6nga, a. put7-id. He pihonga 

te kai nei. 
PlHOPA, n. bishop. 
Piihi, n. ^nece ; block of land. 
PikS,rii, n. discharge from the eyes. 
Pikau, V. t. carry on the back : 

pick -a- back. Kahore he ta- 
ngata hei pikau i te kete kai, 

pikau or pikaunga, n. load for 
the back. 

PikS.'wika^wi, a. flexible; flaccid. 

I. Piki, V. t. 1 climb. Pikitia 
te rakau nei ki etahi karaka 
ma tatou. 2 piki turanga ; 
come to the rescue ; assist any 
one in fighting ; take one^s 
place ; succeed. I pikitia e ia 
toku turanga. piki-turanga, 
n. successor. 

pikitanga, n. ascent of a hill, &c. 
whakapiki, v. t. cause to ascend. 

Katahi a Kupe ka whakapiki i 

tona waka. (109) 

II. Piki, a. frizzled ; closely curled. 
Piki, n. fig. 

Pikiarero, n. 1 roof of the mouth. 
2 clematis indivisa ; a climbing 

Pikitara, n. 1 verandah. 2 a 
kind of eel. 

Piko, v. i. bend ; stoop. Ka piko 
te rakau ; meake whati. 

piko, a. bent ; curved. He tuara 

piko, n. corner ; bend. Hei te 
piko o te awa tatou noho ai. 

■whakapiko, v. t. bend. 

whakapiko, n. murder committed 
upon persons who are in the 
act of eating food which has 
been prepared by the murder- 

pikopiko, n. young shoots of 
ferns. He pikopiko i te nga- 
here nga kai a te tangata Maori. 

Pikoko, a. hungry. 

Pimiriim.irii, n. a bird. 

Pinaki, a. sloping gently, as a hill. 

pinakitanga, n. gentle slope. 

Pinakitere, n. dauctis sp. a plant. 

Pinakii, n. war-canoe ; the same 
as pitau. 

Ping, and piping, a. close toge- 




ther. Ko matou kua pipine 

niai ki roto noho ai. 
Pine, n. pin. 
PinShi, and pinShinohi, v. t. 

■place hot stones on food in a 

native oven, to insure its being 

cooked. Pinohinohia ta tatou 

pinohi, n. sticks used for hand- 

liwj hot stones ; tongs. 
Pin6n6, v. t. beg ; obtain in an 

artful manner. 
Pingao, n. desmoschcenus spira- 
lis ; a plant. 
Pingau, n. 1 a plant ; perhaps 

the same as pingao. 2 strings 

of a mat. 
PingongS, a. shrunk. Pingongo 

ana nga papa o te hoiho. 
PingSre, a. flexible ; bending. Pi- 

ngore noa te arawhata. 

I. Pio, V. i. he extinguished ; go 
out. Kua pio te kora. 

II. Pio, a. many. He pio te ta- 

piopio, n. a bird. 

"whakapiopio, n. metrosideros 
scandens, a plant. 

Pioe, n. dry firewood. 

Pi6i, and pioioi, v. t. shake ; 
brandish. Ka whakatika a Ha- 
tupatu, ka pioi i ana kirikiri 
upoko. (102) 

pioi, n. so7ig sung while brand- 
ishing heads or scalps. 

pioioi, n. a bird. 

•whakapioioi, v. t. rock or sway 
to andjro. 

Pi6ka6ka, v. t. strip off. Pi- 
okaokangia he peha mo ta ta- 
tou ahi. 

PiokeokS, n. a small lark. 

Pioriori, n. song. 

Pioro, n. noise. 

Pipi, n. cockle ; a shell fish. 

"whakapipi, v. t. place one on 
another ; stack. 

pipipi, a. shallow. He pipipi, e 
kore e tauria e te waka ; he 
paru, ka tauria. 

Pipi, a. half groivn ; not matured. 
He iwi pipi. Compare kopipi. 
See also pi. 

PiPiPi, n. turkey. 

Pipi'wharauroa, n. chrysococcyx 
lucidus • small cuckoo. 

Pirahau, a. rotten. See pirau. 

Pirahii, n. firewood. 

Piraka, and pirakaraka, n. 

Pirakii, n. fireivood. 

Pirangi, v. t. desire. Ka nui tana 
pirangikite paraoa hei kai mana. 

Pirara, v. i. be separated ; be di- 
vided ; be wide apart. Pirara 
ana te awa. — Ano nga moko o 
Tohu ; pirara ana. 

Pirata, a. sharp. 

Pirau, 1 rotten. He pirau no 
nga kai i mahue ai. 2 gone 
out ; extinguished. Homai he 
wahie, keiwha pirau te ahi. 

PiRE, n. bill. 

Piri, v.t. 1. stick. Piri kita te 
ika nei ki te kowhatu ; e kore 
e taea. 2 come close ; keep close. 
Kua piri mai te waka. 3 
skulk; hide oneself. 

pipiri, v.i. come to close quar- 
ters; join battle. Katahi ka 
pipiri ta I'aua whawhai, 

piripiri, n. 1 acoina sangui- 
sorboi; a plant. 2 hymeno- 
phyllum polyanthos ; a fern. 3 
haloragis tetragyna; a plant. 

piripiri, a. Hoe piripiri; ad- 
ditional steer-oar. 

whakapiri, v.t. stick; fasten. 

piri, n. the moon on the 23rd day. 

PiRiHiMANA, n. policeman. 

Pirihongo, v.i. keep> close. He 
tamaiti pirihongo. 

Pirikahu, n. accena sanguisorbce ; 
a plant. 




Pirinoa, n. 1 loranthus of 
various species ; parasitical 
plants. 2 parasite. 

Piripiriwhata, n. carpodetus ser- 
ratus; a shrub. 

Pirita, n. rhi2)ogonum scandens ; 
a climbing plant. 

PiRiTi, n. priest. 

Piritoka, n. animalcula adhering 
to rocks. 

Piriwhetau, n. acoina sangui- 
sorhce; a plant. 

Piro, a. inUrid ; stinking. 

piro, n. 1 foul smell. 2 intes- 
tines. Ki te koiri te piro, he 
mate ea. 

Pirokii, v. i. go out; he extin- 
guished. Ka piroku te ahi. 

Pirori, a v. t. jjZaw^. I haere 
mai ahau i te pirori parareka. 
P v.i. roll along as a ball, &c. 

pirori, n. hoop; a toy. 

Pitata, n. south-east sea breeze. 

Pitau, n. 1 young sucmdent 
shoot of a plant. 2 perforated 
carving. 3 fig^irehead of a 
canoe, ornamented with ^jer- 
forated carving. 4 war canoe 
with a figurehead representing 
the whole human figure; i.e. 
one not representing a head 

Pitawai, n. cold. 

PiTiTi, n. peach. 

Pito, n. 1 end ; extremity. Kei 
tona ringa tetahi pito o te 
taura e mau ana. 2 navel. 

pitopito, n. amulet consisting of 
piece of fern-root worn on the 

Pitoitoi, n. la small land bird. 
2 a sea bird. 

Pitokite, n. niggard; churl. 

Pitoto, V. t. beg. 

Piu, v.t. throto or swing with a 
cord. Piua mai te pito o te 

piupiu, v.i. oscillate; move to 
and fro. Kua piupiu te pu o 

piupiu, n. lomaria procera; a 

PiwA, vl. fever. 

Piwai, n. small kumara, over- 
looked in lifting the crop. Ma- 
tahi kai'i piwai; the twelfth 

pi"W"ai, v.t. dig. 

Pi"waka"waka, n. rhi2)idura fi^a- 
bellifera, ov fantail; a bird. 

Piwari, a. 1 bent. 2 beautiful. 

Piwata"wata, a. full of intersti- 
ces or 02Jen spaces. Ka piwa- 
tawata mai nga patu o te 

P6, n. 1 night. Ko te po whakaau 
te moe. (46) Used in speak- 
ing of a small number of days ; 
*Po hia koutou ki te ara?' 'Po 
toru.' 2 season. Ko te po 
tanu kai tenei. 3 place of 
departed spirits. 

p5ngia, v. pass, be overtaken by 
night. Ka pongia tatou akua- 

Poa, v.t. allure by bait; entice. 
Me poa te manu ki te kaanga 
ka mau ia. 

popoa, n. sacred food, eaten on 
account of the dead. 

poa or poapoa, n. bait. 

Poaha, a. ope7i. 

PoAKA, n. 2)ig. 

Poananga, n. clematis hexase2)nla 
<kc. Compare pua-"wananga. 

Poangaanga, n. skull. 

Poare, a. open. Compare puare. 

Poaritarita, v. i. be in a hurry. 
Ka poaritarita ki te kai, ka 

Poatinitini, a. brain-weary; 

PoauS^u, a. mistaken; confused. 

P6ha, a. full. 




Poha, n. vessel made of seaweed to 
liold preserved muttton-birds. 
He poha titi. 

PohahS,, a. S2)lit 02)en; rip23ed up. 
Poliaha ana te putea. 

P6hane, 1 v.i. practise sodomy. 
2 V. t. hisidt. 

Poharu, see powharu. 

Pohata, n. brassica camj^esiris; 
wild turnip. 

Pohatu, see powhatu. 

Pohauhau, a. con/used. Ka he 
noa iho nga whakaaro, ka po- 
hauhau noa iho. (71) 

Pohe, or popohe, a. 1 withered. 
Kua pohe nga rau o te rakau. 

2 blind. 3 rough, of the sea. 
Ka nui te pohepohe o te moana 
i te hau nei. 

whakapohe, v.t. blind; throiv 
dust in the eyes (metaphori- 

Pohehe, a. mistaken; in error. 

Pohewa, a. mistaken; confused. 

Pohiri, see po-whiri. 

P6h6, n, 1 chest. Ka mamae 
taku polio i te maremare. 2 
stomach. Ka piango te poho. 

3 seat of the affections; breast. 
WHiti ana taku poho i to ka- 

Pohoi, n. bunch of feathers worn 
in the ear for ornament. Ka 
haere ki te wai, ka mahue te 
pohoi ki uta; ka hoki mai ki 
uta, katahi ka pohoi i tana 

Pohongawha, n. heartburn. 

Pohopa, a. 1 having scru2)les. 
2 in sus2)ense; anxious. 

Pohowera, n. charadrius bicinc- 
tus; a bird. 

Pohu, V. i. resound. Kia pohu te 
taunga ki raro. 

Pohue, and pohuehue, n. a name 
given to several climbing or 
trailing plants, as convolvulus ; 

clematis; muldeubeckia coiu- 
j)lexa; &c. 
Pohuhu, a. 1 cloudy; overcast. 

2 swarming; in crowds. Me 
te ngaro e pohuhu nei. 

Pohutu, v.i. S2)lash; make a 

pohutuhutu, v.i. be S2olashed. 

Homai he takai mo nga tapu- 

tapu, kei pohutuhutu. 
Pohtitukawa, n. metrosideros to- 

mentosa; a tree. 
Poi, n. ball. 
poipoi, v.t. toss, swing or wave 

aboiU. Poipoia te tamaiti nei. 

— Of an oifering to an 'atua'. 

Katahi ha maoa te kuri ra, ka 

poipoia. (112) 
"whakapoi, v.t. hold up) aiid 

Poihewa, n. small basket for 

cooked food. 
Poike, v.t. place aloft. I poike- 

tia rawatia nga kaka ki runga 

ki tona mahunga. 
poike, a. tufted at the top). He 

Poioio, n. first shoots of potato 

or kumara. 
Poiri, for pouri. 
Poito, n. for pouto, float. 
Poka, n. hole; 2)it; well. 
poka, v.t. 1 make a hole in or 

through; bore; 2yierce. Me poka 

te rakau nei. 2 strike out a 

path. He ara poka hou tena, 

3 do anything unusual. 
poka, v.i. a2)j)ear ; come into 

view. Poka ke; vary; be 

pokapoka, v.t. 1 jij^ierce with a 
number of holes. He mate po- 
kapoka; scrofulous sores. 2 
2)lant in holes; begin to ^??a>^<. 
Me pokapoka nga kapana ki te 

Pokai, n. 1 ball of string, &c. 




2 sivarm of flies ; flock of birds. 
Ka rere ki waho nga pokai 
koko. (33) 

pokai, V. t. wind in a hall. Mau 
e pokai te aho. 

Pdkaikaha, a. confused; at a loss. 
Ka tae matou ki te wahi ngaru, 
ka pokaikaha. 

Fokaka, a. 1 stormy. I kitea 
e au te pokaka rawa o te hau 
ra. 2 hot. He pokaka no te 
whare i mahue ai. 

pokaka, n. 1 storm; squall. 2 
elcHOcarpus dentatus; a tree. 

Pokaku, a. in doubt; mistaken; 

Pokanoa, v.t. do without autho- 
rity; do at random. 

Pokapu, n. middle; centre. 

Pokarakara, a. full of worm- 
holes., as totara timber. 

Pokare, or p5karekare, v. i. he 
agitated., as a liquid. Marino 
tonu te moana; hore rawa he 

"whakapokarekare, v. t. disturb 
the surface 0/ water; spill. 

I. Poke, n. 1 short axe. 2 
greens; turnip-tops, &c. E tia 
te poke; me te maunu koura! 

II. Poke, a. soiled; dirty. Kei 
poke ou kakahu. 

pokepoke, v. t. mix up with 
water, or other fluid. 

III. Poke, V. i. appear (as a spirit). 
Ka poke mai te tupapaku ka 
wehi koe. 

PokekS,, n. a kind of mat made 

of wharariki, or phormium Co- 

Pokeka, v. i. he perplexed. 
Pokeke, a. small. He mara po- 

Pokeke, a. sullen. 
P6ker6, n. 1 pitfall; applied only 

to holes dug by man. 2 pulp 

of the tawa berry. 

pokere, ad. in the dark. Ka 
haere pokere atu te tangata i 

Pokerehu, r\. fruit 0/ the tawa. 

pokerehu, ad. without cause. I 
patua pokerehutia noatia iho e 
au taku tamaiti. 

P6ki, popoki, and pokipoki, 
v.t. 1 cover over. Pokia ta ta- 
tou umu. 2 2^1(1''^^ with the con- 
cave side downwards. Me po- 
poki te waka nei. 

popoki, n. lid ; cover. 

pokipoki, n. eddy wind. 

pokipoki, a. having a concave 
cover. He tawhiti pokipoki. 

Pokihi, v.i. shoot; begin to grow. 

Pokiki, a. cast ashore in heaps. 

Poko, v.i. go out, as fire; become 
extinguished. Homai he wahie 
kei poko te ahi. — Me te poko ; 
(13) of a sudden disappearance, 
like the going out of a flame. 

popoko, a. withered; shrivelled; 
wasting away. I whakanakana 
ra, na te mea ka popoko haere. 

P6k6hi"wi, n. shoulder. 

Pokokohiia, n. an epithet which 
is considered the greatest pos- 
sible insult. Compare kohu. 

Pokorehii, n. ashes. 

Pokoriia, and popokorua, n. 1 
jnt; hollow. 2 ant. 

pokorua, a. hollorv; sunken. He 
mate kai te tangata ra; i kitea 
ki nga kanohi ka pokopokorua. 

Pokowhiwhi, n. shoidder. 

Pokurukiiru, n. lump. 

pokurukuru, a. fdl of lumps. 

Pona, 1 knot. 2 joint in the arm 
or leg. 3 cord. Ka kuhua te 
pona a WHakatau ki te whare, 
puta noa ki tetehi taha. (61) 4 
string of fish. 

pona, V. t. tie in a knot. 

ponapona, n. joint in the arm or 




PonS,h6, 11. (niyfhinij dimiii'^dive 

in si/e. 
Ponana, a, hurried; flurried. He 

ponana i mahue ai nga puka- 

Poniania, n. loiver imrt of the 

Ponini, v. i. floiv ; diffuse a red 

light. Ponini ana te kakahu o 

te tangata nei ki roto ki te wai. 
P6niu, n. nasturtiuin palustre ; a 


I. Pono, a. 1 true. 2 hospitable; 

pononga, a. true ; unfeigned. 
Ehara i te wakapupuni pono- 

nga. (133) 
•whakapono or -whakapono- 
nga, V. i. believe; admit as true. 
WHakapononga ana a Manaia. 

II. Pono, V. i. 1 light upon; come 
upon. Pono rawa mai e puta 
ana i roto i te hangi. (90) 2 

fall in one's way. He mea i 
pono mai ki toku aroaro. 

popono, V. t. covet. Oti, ka po- 
pono koutou ki nga kota o te 
Mahia 1 

pononga, n. captive; slave. 

P6nga, n. cyathea dealbata ; a 
tree fern. 

pongaponga, n. 7iostril. 

Pongaihu, n. nostril. 

PSngakawa, v.t. consume. Kua 
pongakawatia te kai. 

Ponggre, and pongerengere, a. 
1 dusky ; dark. Pongere ana te 
auahi. 2 stifling. Pongere- 
ngere ana te piro o te tupapaku. 

P6ngi, n. 1 a dark variety of 
taro. 2 girdle. 

pongipongi, a. 1 dim. Ata po- 
ngipongi; daybreak. 2 airy; 

pongipongi, n. eddy wind. 

Pongiangia, and pongiengie, n. 

tattoo marks on tJie nostrils. 

PSngurii, v. i. smoulder. 

P6p6, and p6p6p6p6, a. rotten; 

Popo, a. pointed. Ma tawhiti e 
titiro Maungataniwha, popo 
tonu a runga. 

Popo, V. t. crowd around; throng. 

Popo, v.t. 1 pat with the hand. 
Popotia te tamaiti na kia mutu 
ai te tangi. 2 knead; mix up. 
Ma wai e popo te paru? 3 
anoint. Me popo ki te hinu ki 
te kokowai. 

Popoa, see under poa. 

Popohe, see under pohe. 

Popoia, n. 1 handle of a basket; 
different from ka'wai. 2 soft 
fin of a fish. 

Popoki, see under poki. 

Popokorua, n. ant. See under 

Popokotea, n. a bird. 

Popono, see under pono. 

Popore, see under pore. 

Poporo, see under poro. 

Pop6r6ihe"wa,the name of a bird. 

Pop6r6kaiwhiri, n. hedycaria 
dentata; a tree. 

Pora, a. flat-roofed. He pora te 
whare. — Pora matanui, having 
a roof of moderate pitch. 

pora, n. 1 ship. Tangata pora, 
man from ship-board ; foreigner. 
2 or porapora, coarse shaggy 

Porae, v.t. anoint. 

porae, n. latris hecateia ; trum- 
peter ; a fish. Kua pa te mai- 
hea ki te matenga o te porae, 
kua kore e kai mai te ika. 

Porahu, and porahurahu, a. 
perplexed; embarassed ; aivk- 
ward. He haka ano ta te ware, 
he porahu noa iho nga ringa. 




PoRAKA, n. block. 

Poranga, v.t. float. Ka ruku- 
hia, ka porangatia ki tahaki. 

poranga, n. a variety of potato. 

Porangi, a. 1 hurried. He aha 
tau e porangi nei? 2 beside 
oneself ; out of one\ mind. 

porangi, n. madman. Kei te po- 
rangitia koe ; you are losing 
your wits. (122) 

P5rara, a. having wide spaces or 
interstices. E porara ana a raro 
o te kete, i komama ai. 

PoraurS,ha, a. confused. 

Pore, V. i. start in sleejy. 

popore, v.t. 1 desire; wish anxi- 
ously for. 2 shew favour to ; 
treat kindly. 

porepore, a. faint with hunger. 
E porepore ana toku manawa. 

■whakaporepore, v. t. propitiate ; 
court the favour of hy a gift, 

Porearea, a. 1 tiresome; impor- 
tunate. 2 afraid of being tire- 
some; modest. 

PorekS, a. brokeri off. Poreke 
pu te rakau i waenganui. 

Porena, v. i. float, as oil on water. 

PorerS,, n. mat to lie on. (193) 

Porerariia, n. erigeron Canaden- 
sis ; Chilian groundsel. 

Poreterete, n. a kind of duck. 

Porewarewa, or porewhare- 
wha, a. 1 giddy; stupefled. 2 

P6ri, n. 1 collops of fat. 2 tribe. 
Ko wai te ingoa o to koutou 
pori? Compare hapori. 

Poria, n. 1 ring on the leg of a 
captive bird, to prevent the 
string from cutting it. 2 a 
kind of ornament. (153) 

poria, v.t. load with a weight. 
He mea poria ki te punga hei 
whakatoimaha. (154) 

PSrihawa, n. a bird. 

Poriro, n. bastard. 

P6r6, n. 1 butt end; termination. 

2 block. Kei liea te poro rakau? 
poro, a V. i. be finished; come to 

an end. Taihoa, kia poro te 

kai ki. te whenua. /8 v.t. cut 

poronga, n. end. Ko te poronga 

tenei o tana korero. 
poporo, or poroporo, n. solatium 

aviculare and nigriim ; plants. 
Poroaki, and poroporoaki, 1 

leave i^istructions at dejiarting. 

Na Te Waikeri te poroaki kia 

hoatu he kapana mau. 2 take 

Poroha, see poroTvlia. 
Porohe, n. 1 a large mussel. 2 

young of the fish mohi. 
porohe, v. t. gather up in loops, 

as a cord, &c. 
■whakaporohe, v. t. knot toge- 
Porohuri, a v. t. upset ; overturn. 

/? V. i. tumble one over another. 
Porokaki, n. back of the neck. 
Porokere, v. i. be broken of short. 
Poroki, V. i. give directions at the 

time of dep)arture. Ka poroki 

iho ia ki a maua kia haere atu 

koe apopo. 
Porongaua, n. throat of a fish. 
Pororaru, a bewildered. 
Pororere, a. broken right off. 
Porori, a. 1 slotv ; sluggish. He 

tangata porori ki te haere. 2 

not bored (of the ears). 
porori, n. tattoo marks on the 

Pororotiia, a. 1 numbed with 

cold. 2 weak. 
Pororiia, n. sonchus oleraceus ; 

pororua, v. t. tamper with. Kei 

pororuatia e Tamatekapua. (71) 
P6r5tS,itakS,, a. 1 turned over 

and over. 2 confused. Ka po- 




rotaitaka. iiga whakaaro o NGa- 

P6r6tS,ka, a. round. 
PSrStaAvS,, n. a fungus growing 

on tre(>s. 
Poroteteke, a. tu7-ned right over. 
Porotiti, n. 1 disc. 2 a toy. 
Porotutuki, v. i. come to an end. 

Ko te porotutukitanga mai tena 

te awa. 

Poro'wha, a foursided ; square. 
porowha, a v. t. range in square. 

1 porowhatia te haka ki te 
marae. /3 v. '\. fall flat. Porowha 
tonu te rakau ki raro. 

Porowhita, n. circle ; wheel. 
Porowhiu, v. t. throiv. 
Poruku, V. t. double up. Poruku- 

hia te kete. 
Poriiru, a. close together ; thick. 
Poriitu, V. i. 1 make a splashing 

with the hands in bathing. 2 

break, as the sea on the shore. 
Pota, a. broken. Pota rere ; sna])- 

ped ofl\ 
pota, n. fragm,ent. 
potapota, a. broken to pieces. 

Potapota noa te waka i te tai. 
Potae, n. covering for the head ; 

hat ; cap. 
potae, V. t. 1 put over one^s head, 

so as to cover or envelop it. 

2 slip on over the head. I po- 
taea te kaha ki te matenga o 
te kereru. 

Potaitaka, a. 1 tui-ned round and 
round, or over and over. 2 
giddy ; conftised. 3 seeming to 
ttirn rou7id. 

Potaka, n. top to spin. He potaka 
whero rua; a top> tvith tivo points. 

potakataka, a. round. 

Potango, and potangotango, a. 
very dark. E noho mai na koe 
i roto i te potangotango. 

potango, n. a variety of phor- 
mium tenax. 

Potarere, a. broken off short. 
Potatii, and potatutatu, a. im- 

]>ntient ; distracted ; hurried. 
E potatu ana ki te haere. 
P6teret§re, a. dripping loet. E 

potcretere ana oku kakaliu. 
Potete, n. a stick used to hold 
a dog, one end being fastened 
to tlie collar. Me te kuri e 
mau nei i te potete. 
potete, a. curly. 
potete, V. t. speak frequently of. 

Potete tonu kia patua ahau. 
Poteteke, a. turned right over. 
Poti, n. 1 angle ; corner. He 
poti na Uekahia, ma Rongo- 
takutama e kumanu; (of a small 
quantity of kumara in the corner 
of a kete). 2 basket for cooked 
potipoti, n. shrimp. 
Poti, v. & n. vote. 
Poti, n. 1 cat. 2 boat. 
Potiki, n. 1 youngest child. 2 any 

Poto, a. 1 short. 2 denoting the 
exhaustive character of an 
action, &c., shewing that all the 
things spoken of have been dealt 
with. Kua poto nga mea o 
runga o te kaipuke te mau mai. 
Poturi, a. 1 deaf Poturi ana 

aku taringa. 2 stubborn. 
Pou, n. post ; pole. 
pou, and poupou, v. t. 1 stick 
in ; plunge in. Te tino rara- 
hutanga ki te hoe ; te tino pou- 
nga ki te wai i poua ai. (171) 
2 fasten to a stake, &c. Poua 
to tatou waka. 3 elevate upon 
poles. Apopo ka pou i te kai 
nei, kia rokohanga mai kua noi 
ki runga. (142) 
poupou, n. 1 peg ; stake. 2 post; 
upright, in a house. 3 shrouds 
of a canoe mast. 
poupou, a. 1 steep; perpendicu- 




lar. Poupou tonu te pikitanga. 
2 on the lyieridian. Ka poupou 
te ra, ka whakatika mai matou. 

Pou, for pau. 

Poua, n. old jjerson. Kite rawa 
au i a koe, kua pouatia koe. 

Pouaka, n. 1 festuca littoralis ; 
sea-side fescue ; a grass. 2 a 
water plant. 

Pouaka, n. box. 

Pouakakiwa, n. chief i^lace of 

P5uareherehe, a. old and wrink- 

Pouaru, n. widoiver ; widow. 

Poue, n. a shell fish. 

P6uha"waiki, n. erigeron Cana- 
densis ; a plant. 

Pounaho, a. long and stiff. 

pounaho, n. a shrub. 

Pounamu, n. 1 greenstone. 2 

Pouniii, n. south-wind. 

Pouraka, n. 1 platform erected on 
one post. 2 receptacle for a dead 
body, in shape like a square box, 
thatched over the top. 3 net 
attached to a hoop.^ used for 
catching crayfish. 

Pourewa, n. elevated platforvix 
attached to the stockade of a pa. 

Pouri, a. 1 dark. Kaore ano i 
marama noa ; e pouri tonu ana. 
(i) 2 sorrowful; sad; distressed. 
He j'pouri nona ki tona matua 
ka mate. 

pouriuri, a. darkish ; gloomy. 

Poururu, a. darkish ; gloomy. 

whakapoururu, v. i. look sor^-oiv- 
ful or gloomy. He aha koe ka 
whakapoururu ai ki te kai mau. 

Poutahuhu, or Poutahu, n. 
post supjjorting the end of the 
ridgepole of a house. 

Poutaka, n. platform erected on 
one post. 

PSutama, n. a pattern of tuku- 

tuku ornament on the walls of 
a native house. 
Poutangata, a. He toki pou- 
tangata; a gree^istone adze, used 
as a weapon of war. 

I. Pouto, n. float. 

II. Pouto, V. t. cut off. Poutoa 
te kauru o te rakau. Frequent- 
ative form, poutouto. 

Poutumaro, a. on the meridian. 

Poututerangi, n. the star whose 
appearance marks the tenth 
month : perhaps a Aquilse. 

Pouwhenua, n. a weapon like 
the taiaha. 

Powaiwai, v. t. 1 whirl or whisk 
about ; move with a fanlike mo- 
tion. 2 fan. 

Powhaitere, n. paroquet. 

PoTvliaru, V. i. sink into a bog, 
&c. Ka powharuwharu nga wae- 
wae ki te one. 

po-wharu, a. soft; boggy. 

Powhata, see pohata. 

Powhatu, n. stone. 

Povrhiri, v. t. 1 wave ; whisk ; 
ivhirl. Powhiriwhiria ta tatou 
rama kia ka ai. 2 beckon any 
one to come on ; welcome. E 
powhiri ana tera te tangata 
whenua, me te haere atu te 
manuhiri ra. (i66) 

po-whiri whirl, n. provision for a 

Powhiwhi, n. a climbing plant. 

I. Pu, n. 1 tribe. Ko te pu tenei 
o Tipare. 2 bunch ; bundle ; 
anything growing in a bunch. 
Taua pu wiwi. (13) 3 heap; 
stack. Te pu o te kupenga (79) 
4 skilled person ; wise one. Na 
koutou, na nga pu, na nga 
tohunga, na nga kaupapa. (98) 

pu, a. niho pu ; dotible tooth. 

pu, V. t. make into a bundle, or ball. 
Puia nga raupo mo te whare. 

pupu, n. 1 bundle. Tikina nga 




pupu raupo. 2 a shell fish. 

pupu, V. t. make into bwiidles. 

whakapu, v. t. and v. i. lay or 
lie in a heap. Hei hea a tatou 
kete whakapu ai ? 

■whakapu, n. stack. He whaka- 
pu kupenga tera e tu mai ra. 

II. Pu, V. i. begin to blow. Te hau 
e pu mai nei ki taku kiri. (17) 

pupu, V. i. 1 bubble up ; boil. 

Kahore ano i pupu noa te wai. 

2 rise, as a fog. 
pu, n. wind instriiment as pu- 

torino, pu-tatara, kc. Ko Ruaeo, 

e wliakatangi ana i ana pu.(76) 
whakapu, v. i. liotvl as a dog. 

III. Pu, a p7-ecise ; very. Ko te 
kainga pu tenei. 

pu, ad. exceedingly ; exactly. Me 
te kawau pu te ahua. 

IV. Pu, a. loatJmig ; hating. Ka 
whakatika ki te kai, ka pu te 
ngakau. — Pu ana a roto, ke 
ana a waho; a proverb for dis- 
guised ill feeling. 

V. Pu, n. gtin. 

I. Pua, n. flower ; seed. 

pua, a. foaming ; breaking. He 
ngaru pua. 

II. Piia, V. roll or wraj) up clothes, 
&c. Puaia tou kakahu ka kau- 
hoe ai ki tawahi. 

puapua, n. a garment wrapped 
round the arm as a protection 
from a blow. 

Puaha, n. moiUh of a river. Kei 
te puaha o Piako. (144) 

puaha, a. leaving a clear passage. 
Ka puaha te tai nei : hoea ta- 
tou; when a wave has broken 
leaving an interval of smooth 

Puaheiri, n. snow. 

Puahi, n. white dogskin mat. 

Puahurii, a. warm; close. 

Puaka, n. 1 dry twigs. 2 flower. 

Fuakaha, a. open; attentive. Kia 

puakaha mai ou taringa. 

Puaki, V. i. 1 come forth; shew 
itself. Ka puaki te upoko i 
roto i tona rua. (98) 2 be ut- 
tered. I puaki i a wai te kupu 
panamoku? 3 be exhaled. Ka 
puaki te kakara o te tawhiri. 

whakapuaki, v.t. utter; disclose. 

Piiano, n. dizziness; the effect of 
height on the nerves. 

Puanii, a. cool. Puanu ake ana 
te hau o te pari nei. 

Piianga, n. the star Rigel. 

Piiangahori, n. the star Procyon. 

Puangiangi, a. cool; refreshing. 

Puao, V. i. dawn. Hei te puao- 
tanga tatou ka haere ai. 

Piiarangitoto, n. senecio perdici- 
oides; a shrub. 

Puare, a. opeii. Kia puare te 

Piiarere, n. decoy bird; of small 
birds only. 

Puaritarita, a. hurried; in a 
hurry. Tenei te wahi i pua- 
ritarita ai. 

Puataata, a. 1 full of holes or 
spaces; 2 transparent; clear. 

Puatawhivrhi, n. metrosideros 
florida; a climbing plant. 

Piiatea, n. gnapihalium species ; 
a plant. 

Puau, n. 7-ipple; rapid. Ko te 
whawhaitanga tuatahi i te puau 
o WHangamarino, i te Kohe- 

puauau, a. causing a rippling of 
water. E puauau ana taua 
kowhatu, ka kauia; ka kore e 
puauau, e kore e kauia. 

Puawai, n. /lower. 

Piiawananga, n. clematis indi- 
visa; a plant. 

Puawanga, n. larid breeze at 

Puawhe, v. i. be taken aback by 
the wind, as a sail; be driven 




forcibly by the wind. Paia ake 
e ta! ka puawhe mai te awha 
ki roto nei. 

Puea, V. i. rise to the surface. 
Ka puea mai te tohora. 

Puehu, n. dust. 

puehu, V. i. he in the form of 
dust. E puehu ana te nehu ki 
runga ki te kai. 

Puekii, a. u7iproductive, as crops. 

Puerii, or puweru, n. shaggy 
mat, made of partially dressed 

Puetoeto, n. a bird which fre- 
quents swamps. 

Piiha, n. 1 gills of a fish. 2 
song; chaitnt. Katahi ano ka 
takitakina onapuha: — onapuha 
nei na, 'Kia rere atu te Ka- 
wana ki tawhiti.' 

Puha, or puhapuha, a. fill; up 
to the brim. Puhapuha ana te 
wai, toka tonu i runga. Ap- 
plied also to a very high tide. 

Piihaehae, a. envious. 

Puhake, a. full to overflowing. 
Ka puhake rawa; rite tonu ki 
nga niao te wai. 

Puhana, v. i. glow. Te puhana- 
tanga o te uira o te ahi o te 
Arawa. (8i) 

puhahana, a. 1 hot to the 
taste. 2 inflamed, as the skin. 

Puhanga, n. 1 a kind of eel. 
2 derivative from piipuhi. See 
under puhi. 

Puhangaiti, v.i. lie in a heap. 
See pihangaiti. 

Puhara, n. 1 elevated platform 
in a pa, on a level with the 
top of the tuwatawata. 2 'plat- 
jorm from which to fish. 

Puhaureroa, n. 1 conch or horn 
blown to give signals. 2 ^;iso- 
nia Sinclairii ; a tree. 3 sene- 
cio sp. ; a plant. 

Puha-whe, for pua^vhe. 

I. Piihi, n. 1 betrothed woman. 2 
much courted unbetrothed young 
woman. He puhi hoki a Hine- 
moa. (131) 3 knot or bunch of 
hair; a mode of wearing the 
hair tied up like a sheaf. 4 
a kind of eel of very large size. 
5 NGa puhi a Paarata. 

puhipuhi, v. t. ornament with 
bunches of feathers or hair, as 
the bow or stern of a canoe, 
itc. Puhipuhi rawa te paua ki 
te waero. (21) 

puhipuhi, a. tied up in a bunch; 
gr'oiving in bunches. Ka puhi- 
puhi te tupu o te kapana. 

II. Puhi. 

pupiihi, a v. t. 1 bloiv. 2 fire 

a gun. 3 shoot with a gun. 

(i v.i. swell. 
puhipuhi, v.t. blow frequently. 

puhipuhi paipa, smoke a jnpe. 
Puhihi, n. seed potatoes which 

throw up a weak shoot. 
puhihihihi, a. stiff", of the hair. 

He puliihihilii no te upoko. 
Puhikorokoro, n. lamprey, of a 

large kind. 
Puhoi, a. 1 slow; dull. He waka 

puhoi. 2 deaf. 
Puhonga, a. stinking; offensive. 
Puhore, a. 1 unsuccessful in fish- 
ing, &c. 2 scarce. Te mara 

tautane, he mara ki nga atua 

whakapuhore kai. 
Puhoro, n. 1 tattoo marks on the 

thigh. 2 bad tveather. 
Puhoru, a. that will not open. 

He pipi puhoru. 
whakapuhoru, v.i. leap out of 

the water. E whakapuhoru ana 

te kanae. 
Puhou, n. coriaria ruscifolia; a 

shrub; the same as tutu. 
Puhua, v.t. glean potatoes or 

kumara, after the crop has been 

taken up. 




PuhiikS,, a. snowy ; of tlio wea- 

Puhiiki, a. blunt ; dull. Ka pu- 
liuki taku toki. 

Puhiinga, v. t. place on one side ; 
lay Hj). Puliunga ai maua iiei i 
te wai kia motu ai. — He arulie 
puliunga ; fern root kept for 
several days after roasting. 

Puia, 11. 1 volcano. 2 bitsh. 

Puia, a. stnartiny. Ka puia aku 
kauolii i te au. 

Piiiaki, a. rare ; precious. He 
kakano puipuiaki. 

puiaki, n. treasure. Kei ngaro 
ko oku kanohi, kei waiho ko te 
whenua hei puiaki mo nga mea 
i muri i a au. 

Puilii, a. afraid. 

puihi, n. 1 antenna} of crayfish, 
&c. 2 division in a kuinara 
field made by rows of hillocks. 

puihiihi, n. strings of a mat. 

I. Puka, n. 1 gi'iselinia lucida ; a 
shrub. 2 cabbage. 3 spade. 

pukapuka, n. 1 brachyglottis 
repanda ; a shrub, thongs. 3 
paper ; letter ; book. 

II. Puka, V. i. 1 be jealous. 2 
pant. Ka puka taku manawa 
i te omanga. 

Pukaea, n. a wind instrument 
made of totara and used to sound 
an alarm in time of war. 

Pukaha, n. 1 refuse portion of 
fax leaf 2 a garment made of 
the same. 

Piikahu, a. cobundant. 

pukahu, n. spongy matter enve- 
loping the seeds of pumpkins. 

Pukai, a V. i. lie in a heap. Ka 
rukea nga tupapaku ki waho 
pukai ai. (153) ,/? v. t. lay in 
a heap. Pukaix'ia nga oneone 
ki waenganui. 

Pukaka, a. 1 hot. 2 burning 

PukS,kS,, n. lony bones oj the arm 
or leg. 

Pukaki, n. scrofdous swelling in 
the neck. 

Pukaki, n. stream ; brook. 

Pukana, v. i. distort the eyes ; 
stare loildly. 

Pukani, and pukanikani, a. 

Pukatakata, a. dry ; crisp ; 

Piikatea, n. atherosperma Nov(B 
Zelandice ; a tree. 

Pukatokato, a. 1 biting ; keen ; 
of the wind. 2 forlorn ; over- 
come with grief. 

Pukauri, a. 1 barren. 2 burning 
fiercely. E kore e ngaro ; ka 
pukauri tonu te ka, he whare 

pukauri, n. a kind of shell fish. 

Puka"wa, a. bitter; unpalatable. 
Pukawa rawa atu tena mea ki 
roto ki toku waha. 

Piike, n. 1 IdU. 2 ]mbes. 

puke, and piipuke, v. i. rise, as 
a flood. Ka puke te wai o Wai- 
paoa. — Ka pukea te wai aku- 

pukepuke, a. hilly. 

■whakapuke, and whakapu- 
puke, V. i. begin to rise (of 
resentment, &c.) E whakapu- 
puke ana te hiahia. 

piikenga, n. 1 source of a river. 
2 teacher; model. Ko wai tou 
pukenga, nana koe i ako 1 

Pukei, for pukai. 

Pukeko, n. 1 porphyrio melano- 
tus, or ivater hen. 2 tvounded 
man. 3 old fruit of the pre- 
vious year. 

Piikepoto, n. a kind of dark 
earth, used as a pigment. 

Pukeri, v. i. rush along violently, 
as a flood or wind. 

Pukeru, v. t. blow. Pukerua te 




Pukiki, a. stunted. 

PukShii, rv.fog. 

Pukoki, n. self-sown potato. 

Pukonohiaiia, n. a pattern of 
' tukutuku ' ornament on the 
walls of a native house. 

PukSro, n. 1 sheath; case. 2 
halo. 3 net for catching eels, 
in shape like a long bag. 4 
a kind of mat made of closely 
woven flax, with a narrow or- 
namental border. 

pukoro, V. t. surround tvith a halo. 
Ka pukoroa te marama. 

Pukororoa, n. a large basket. 

Pukoru, n. fold of a garment. 

pukorukoru, v. t. gather tij) in 

pukorukoru, n. rotten ivood. 

I. Piiku, n. 1 swelling. 2 stomach. 
3 abdomen. 4 jmssions; affec- 
tions. 5 appetite; desire. 

puku, V. i. swell. Ka puku toku 

pukupuku, n. closely woven mat, 
which being wetted is imper- 
vious to a spear. Pukupuku- 
patea; pukupuku ivith an orna- 
mental border. 

II. Piiku, ad. 1 secretly ; without 
specddng. I oma puku ia. 2 
without food. Kei te noho puku 
matou; ive are fasting. 

Piikukai, a. greedy. 

Pukupa, a. without offspriiig ; 

Piikupango, n. j?otato blackened 

by exposure. 
Pukurau, n. ileodictyon cibarium; 

a fungus. 
Puktiriri, a. angry; quarrelsome. 
Pukuwai, a. watery ; sodden. He 

pukuwai te wahie nei. 
Pukuwheti, a. pot-bellied. 
Pumahii, a. steamy; reeking. Ka 

pumahu te whenua i te ra, me- 

ake tupu te kai. 

Pumau, a. fxed ; constant ; per- 
manent. Ka pumau tona noho 
ki Hauraki. 

Pumuka, v. t. thrust at; stab. 

Puna, n. spring of water. 

Punaioro, n. a plant. 

Punake, n. 1 fore end of the 
body of a canoe, to which the 
tauihu or bow is spliced. 2 boiv 
of a canoe. 

Piinarua, a. 1 in pairs. He 
wlieki punarua ; squid caught 
in pairs; an ill omen. 2 having 
ttvo tvives. He tangata punarua. 

Punaunau, p. satiated. 

punaunau, n. self-sown ^jotato. 

Punawarii, n. siegesbeckia orien- 
talis, a plant. 

Punehunehii, a. 1 dusty. 2 in 
small particles, like dust. He 
ua punehunehu ; misty rain. 

punenehu, n. dust. 

Puni, a. 1 stojiped up. He awa 
puni te Wairoa. 2 covered, ; 
filled up. Kia rua auau ka 
puni te mara. 

puni, n. 1 2jlace of encampment. 
Ko te puni tenei o te taua. 2 
company of p)ersons. Ka toru 
puni e haere ana. 3 a kind of 
' karakia.' 

puninga, n. 1 camping-place. 2 
circumstance, ifec, of being 
stopped up, kc. 

whakapupiini, v.i. sit close; hide 
oneself. Ka whakapupuni mai 
i roto i nga pureirei. 

Puniu, n. 1 polypodium sylva- 
ticum; a fern. 2 stilbocarpa 
polaris ; a plant. 

PuNU, n. spoon. 

Punua, n. young of animals. 

Punui, a. close together. Kia pu- 
nui tahi tatou te haere. 

Punuki, a. blunt. 

Punga, n. 1 anchor. 2 basket 
for catching eels. 3 odd num- 

Pungarehu 147 

her. E rua tekau nj^a tan<>-ata, 
kotahi punga. 
punga, V. t. 1 fix tvith an an- 
chor. Hei waho punga ai o 
waka. (92) 2 sink; emi^df. 
pungapunga, n. 1 pumice stone. 
2 a variety of potato. 3 'poUen 
of the fJoicers of raujw; or cake 
made of the same. 4 yeUoiv 
Piingarehu, n. ashes. 
Piingata, a. dry. Ka pungata te 

toetoe o te whare. 
Punga-wereAvere, n. spider. 
Pungenengene, a. imiffled up>. 
whakapungenengene, v.t. cover 

up with clotlies. 
Pungohe, a. slack, as a cord, iSrc. 
Pungoriingoru, a. light or loose., 

as earth, kc. 
pungorungoru, n. sponge. 
Puohorere, a. easily startled. 
Pupa, V. i. eructate. 
Pupahi, n. encampment. 
Pupil, see umler pu. 
Pupuhi, see under puhi. 
Pupurangi, n. a shell fish. 
Pupuri, see under puri. 
Pupuru, see under puru. 
Puputa, n. blister on the skin, 

from cliafing. 
Puputu, see under putu. 
Pupu-wai, n. tattoo marks under 

the ear. 
Pura, n. any small foreign sub- 
stance in the eye. 
pura, a. 1 troubled by the intru- 
sion of some foreign matter. 
Ka pura oku kanohi. 2 blind. 
pura, V. i. 1 tivinkle; shitie with 
unsteady light. 2 flash repeat- 
edly. Kei whea te hiko nei ? 
Kei runga i Hauatiu e pura ana. 
purapura, n. seed. 
Purahorua, n. messenger. 
Purakau, n. 1 old man. 2 an- 
cient legend; myth. 



purakau, a. niho purakau ; double 

Puranga, n. heap. 

puranga, a v. t. heap up. E pu- 
ranga ana ia i nga kowhatu ki 
te marae. /i v. i. lie in a heap. 

Purangi, n. 1 bag net for lam- 
preys. 2 net attached to an eel 
pot to guide the eels to the 

Purangiaho, a. seeing clearly. 

Purara, a. Itaving interstices ; 

Piirata, a. clear ; not turbid. 

Puratoke, n. 1 gloiv-ivorm. 2 
jJiGsphorescent animalcules inthe 
sea. 3 anything glistening in 
the dark. 

Purau, n.fork. 

puraurau, a. 1 covered with sharp 
poi)i(s; bristling. I roto i te 
kowhatu e noho puraurau ana. 
2 bitter; offensive (of feelings or 

PGrawhetu, n. heap. E ono nga 
purawhetu ki tahaki. 

I. Piire, n. a ceremony for re- 
moving the tapu from houses, ' 
canoes, persons, &c. 

pure, V. t. set free from tapu. 

II. Piire, v. t. arrange in tufts or 
patches. Ka purea nga huru- 
huru ki nga taha o te ihupuni. 

purepure, a. in patches or tifts. 

Purehe, and pureherehe, a. 

Purehiia, n. moth. 

purehua, v. i. emit gas. Ka pu- 
rehua te kapura. 

Purehiirehu, n. moth. 

Purei, and pureirei, n. 1 iso- 
lated tufts of grass ; biishes or 
shrubs in a swamp, &c. 2 sun- 
ken rock. Kei eke tatou ki 
runga ki te purei ra. 3 small 
patch of garden. He pureirei 
nga ngakinga o taua kainga. 




PurSkS, n. 1 fleshy side of the 
flax leaf, ^garment made from 

the same. 
purekereke, n. j^^ff of wind. 
Purekireki, n. tufts of grass in 

a swamp. He repo pai, lie pu- 
Pureku, n. cooking shed. 
Puremu, n. 1 lower hem of a 

garment. 2 adultery. 
puremu, v. i. commit adultery. 
PurenS,, v. i. be brim full; run 

over. Purena ana te wai o te 

Purengi, n. stay of a mast. 
Purerghua, n. moth. 
Purero, v.i. project; be promi- 
Pure"wha, n. a black mussel. 
pupuri, V. t. 1 hold in the hand. 

Puritia te rakau nei. 2 detain. 

Kahore matou i puritia ki te 

puripuri, v. t. suppress anger, &c. 

Te puripuri te tangata nei te 

puritanga, n. handle. 
Puriri, n. vitex littoralis; a tree. 
Purorohu, a. accomjyanied with a 

whizzing or whistling noise. 

Purorohu ana te hau nei. 
Purbto, a. having no current; 

still. Kahore e kaha te rere o 

te awa; puroto noa iho ana. 
Piirotu, a. 1 clear; transpa7'ent. 

He wai purotu. 2 pleasant; 

agreeable. Purotu noa iho te 

Purou, n. fork. 
purou, v.t. catch on a fork. He 

mea purou nga tuna a Tirare. 
purourou, n. a bird; the same 

as tieke. 
I. Puru, n. 1 p)lug ; cork; bung. 

2 food reduced to pulp. 
puru, V. t. 1 plug up; stuff up. 

Purua te puta o te waka ki te 
kakahu. 2 confine by means of 
a plug. 

puru, a. full. 

pupuru, a. p\dpy; semi-liquid. 
Kia pupuru te kohari kao. 

pupuru, for pupuri. See under 

purupuru, v.t. 1 stop the chinks 
of anything. Purupurua te 
whatitoka me te matapihi. (47) 
2 suppress. Kaua e purupurua 
a koutou korero. 

purupuru, n. chisel. 

whakapuru, n. pad to prevent 
chafing. WHakapuru tao, pad 
worn on the arm as a protec- 
tion against a spear thrust. 

whakapuru, v.t. protect ivith a 

pGrutanga, for puritanga. See 
under puri. 

II. Pilru, a. fusty ; mo^ildy. 

Puru, n. bull; a. blue. 

Puriia, v. t. do a second time. 

purua, ad. by two and two. Ka 
haere purua nga tangata. 

Piiruhekaheka, a. mo^ddy. 

Piiruhi, n. flea. 

PuRtJMA, n. broom. 

PURUMA, v.t. sweep. 

Puriiru, a. 1 shady ; thick with 
leaves, &c. He rakau pururu. 
2 close together. Pururu tonu 
to ratou noho. 

Puta, n. 1 hole. Kei hea te puta 
o te peke? 2 battle-field on 
tvhich people have fallen. Te 
puta tuatahi i hinga ai maua, 
kei Papara-tu. 

puta, V. i. 1 pass through, in or 
out. Ko tona ara tenei e puta 
ake ai. (54) — Ka puta te kiore 
ki roto. 2 come in sight. Ka 
puta te waka i Tuamotu. 3 
come or go forth, with luai or 
atu. 4 puta noa, adverbially. 

Putahi 149 

tliroiKjlioiit. Puta uoa i Wai- 
kato. puta-ke, be changed. 
puputa, n. blister caused by chaf- 

putaputa, a. full of holes. 
whakaputa, v. i. boast. Ka kino 

to mahi whakaputa. 
Putahi, v.i. join; meet, as two 

paths or streams running one 

into the other. Ko te putahi- 

tanga tenei o nga ara. 
Putake, n. 1 base; root. 27'eason; 

Putanetane, v. i. 1 eructate, after 

food. 2 retch, from a bad smell. 
Putangitangi, putangitangi- 

atama, or putangitangiatoa, 

n. jxiradise duck. 
Piitaputaweta, n. carpodetus ser- 

ratus; a tree. 
Putara, or putatara, n. a shell 

used like a horn for signals. 
Putaringa, n. tattoo marks under 

the ear. 
Putauhinu, n. fourth leaf of a 

seedling gourd. Comp. pata- 

ngaroa, and rautara. 
Putawa, n. 1 a fungus. 2 a large 

Pute, or putea, n. bag or basket 

for clothes. 
Putere, v.i. go in a body. 
putere, n. stranger. 
Putete, V. t. tie, or knot, as a bag, 

cloth, &c. 
Putiki, v.t. 1 tie together; knot 

together, 2 get together, as an 

army. Tahi tonu to maua puti- 

putiki, n. 1 knot. 2 a method of 

dressing the hair, adopted by 

Putoa, n. a plant. 
Putoitoi, v.t. tie in bunches. 
Put5kit6ki, a. stunted; shrivelled. 

He kino no te whenua i puto- 


kitoki ai nga pakawha. 
Put6ngS,inarS,ngS,i, n. south-east 

Putorino, n. a kind of flute. 

PutSrore, n. jet of gas from burn- 
ing wood. 

Putoti, a. stunted. 

Put6t6, a. bloody; rato. Putoto 
tonu te poaka nei. 

Piitu, v.i. lie in a heap; lie one 
upon another. Pono rawa mai, 
e putu ana i roto i te hangi. (90) 

putu, n. heap. 

puputii, and piitupiitu, a. 1 close 
together. Kia puputu nga pou- 
aka, kia ai. 2 frequent ; at 
short intervals. I te hokiputu- 
putu tonu o te tira o tetahi 
whaitua, o tetahi whaitua. (160) 

whakaputu, v.t. lay in a heap. 

Putu, n. 1 foot. 2 boot. 

Puwaha, n. mouth of a river. 
Also written puaha. 

Puwatawata, a. full of iiiterstices 
or open spaces. 

Puwera, a. warm. 

Puw^erewere, n. spider. 

Puweru, n. shaggy mat made of 
partially-dressed flax. 

Puweto, n. a bird. 

Puwha, n. soivthistle, or any vege- 
table used as greens. 

Puwha, v.t. sjiit out. Ka pu- 
whaia nga kai ki waho. 

Pu"whara, and puwharawhara, 
n. astelia. Banksii; a plant. 

puTvhara-whara, a. 1 deaf. 2 
rough with knots or branches. 

Puwharetaiko, n. senecio rotun- 
difolius ; a shrub. 

Pu-whau, see puhau. 

PuAvhaureroa, see puhaureroa. 

Piiwhenua, n. stay of a mast. 

Pu-whero, and pu-whe^whero, a, 





I. Ra, n. 1 sun. 2 day. 3 sail. 

II. Ra, prep, by way of; by. Rate 
tab a o te ngahere tou ara. Ra 
runga i; by the top of; over. 
Kai-ra-runga; eat food tvhich 
has been passed over anything 

RS,, ad. 1 there; yonder. 'Kei 
whea a WHakatau?' Ra, e 
whakaangi mai ra i tana manu 
i runga i te tauniatara. (59) 2 
simply denoting that the thing 
spoken of is not near, or is un- 
connected with the speaker or 
the person spoken to. Te patu 
e haua mai ra ki a ia. (91) 3 
intensifying a request, &c., 
when it may be rendered I pray 
you. 4 then. E mahi ra! 

rara, ad. there. 

Rae, n. 1 promontory ; headland. 
2i forehead. 

whakarae, v.i. lie exposed; stick 
out. WHakarae ana nga kn- 
mara ki runga. 

■whakarae, a. 1 yreen; not dry. 
He rakau whakarae. 2 raw; 
not cooked. He kai whakarae 
i tapaea mai nei ki a matou. 

Raha, a. open; extended. 

Rahaki, n. one side ; situation out 
cf the way. Te ngare a te hunga 
o raliaki. (23) See tahaki. 

I. Rahi, n. servant; dependant. 

II. Rahi, a. 1 great (physically or 
morally). Te ralii o tenei wliare. 
Plural rarahi. 2 plentifid. Kia 
rahi mai he kai. 3 sometimes 
used in a peculiar construction 
for other. No rahi o whenua 
ona raruraru; the troubles of 
other lands belong to themselves. 

rahinga, n. 1 largeness; abund- 

ance. 2 coinp)any ; party. Ko 
tetehi rahinga i te motu i Mo- 
koia e noho ana. (80) 

rahirahi, a. 1 thin; not thick. 
He papa rahirahi. 2 qiiick in 
hearing. He rahirahi te tai'inga. 

rahirahinga, n. temple of the 

Rahiri, n. ?ope. 

rahiri, a. in even fie (of a com- 
pany of travellers). Kia rahiri 
to tatou haere. 

rahiri, v. t. receive cordially; wel- 
come. He mea rahiri marire koe 
na nga tangata o Heretaunga. 

I. Raho, n. testicle. 

II. Raho, or rahoraho, n. plat- 
form; foor. Te raho o te waka. 

raho, V. t. cover with a floor or 
platform of tvood. Ka rahoa 
tei'a repo ki te rakau. 

Rahu, n. basket made of flax- 

rS,hurahu, or rarahu, n. pteris 
aquilina ; common fern. 

rahurahu, v. t. handle; pull 
(tbout. He aha tau e rahurahu 
ki taku mea? 

rarahu, v. t. seize: lay hold of. 
Te tino rarahutanga ki te hoe. 
(171) Heoti, rahunga atu, kei 
nga waka : ehara, to kau ana 
ko nga rauawa anake. (171) 

Rahua, v. i. be foiled; be unsuc- 

I. Rahiii, n. a mark to warn 
people against trespassing, used 
in the case of tapu, or for tem- 
porary protection of fruit, l:)irds, 
or fish. 

rahui, v. t. protect by a rahui. 

II. Rahui, n. flock; herd. Na 
wai te rahui poaka nei? 


RS,iawS,, for rauawa, n. side- 

hoards of a cntioe. 
Railie, n. small enclosure; pigsty. 

Ka hangaa e ratou he raihe mo 

nga hipi. 
Raihi, n. rice. 
Raia, ad. or conj. 1 why. Ka 

pakaru raia te waka nei. 2 biU. 

I. Raina, ad. there; yonder. 

II. Raina, conj. whether; or. Ko 
tenei raina, ko tera raina. Com- 
pare ranei. 

Raihana, n. license. 
Raina, n. line. 
Rainahi, n. yesterday. 
Rainaoake, n. the day hut one 

he/ore yesterday. 
Raiona, n. lion. 
Raitahira, and raitariha, n. the 

day before yesterday. 
Raiti, n. lamp; light. 
Raka, n. lock. 

I. Raka, ad. a lengthened form of 
ra; there. See ra. 

II. Raka, V. i. 1 be entangled. Ka 
raka oku waewae, ka hinga au. 
2 ache from weariness. 

raraka, v.t. entangle. 

III. RakS,. 

rakaraka, v.t. scratch; scrajje. 
rakaraka, n. imjdement to scratch 

witli ; rake; harrow. 
Rakai, v. t. adorn. Ka rakaitia 

tona tupuna, ka pai ki tana 

titiro iho. 
Rakapikipiki, v. i. lie across one 

Rakau, n. 1 tree; spar. 2 stick; 

7veapon. 3 ivood; timber. 
whakarakau, a. He tai wha- 

karakau; a long swell. 
Rakauniii, n. the moon on the 

17th day. 
Rakaumatohi, n. the moon on 

the 18th day. 
I. Raki, n. north. No hea koia 

koe? no te raki? (17) 

151 Ranga 

raki, a. dry ; dried up. Kua raki 
ana kai i te I'a. 

II. Raki, n. green leaves, &c., on 
which the food is laid in a 
native oven. 

Rakiraki, n. duck. 

Rako, n. albino. 

Raku, raraku, and rakuraku, 
v.t. scratch; scrape. 

rakuraku, n. implement to scratch 
with; rake; harrow. 

Rama, for ratou, pron. they. 

Rama, n. 1 torch. 2 razor. 

ram.a, v. t. catch by torchlight. Ka 
riro a Hinaki ma kei te rama 

ramarama, n. 1 myrtus hullata; 
a shrub. 2 drimys colorata; a 

Rami, v. t. squeeze. Me kowha 
te pipi ka rami ai ki te wai. 

Ranea, a. abundant; in full sup- 
ply. Ka nui te ranea o te 

Ranei, conj. whether; or; con- 
necting alternatives. Ko nga 
tangata e haere ana ki Taupo, 
ki nga maunga ranei. The 
second alternative is often left 
to be understood. Me tuku 
atu ranei te tangata nei kia 

Ranii, v. t. mix. He mea ranu 
te kai nei ki te hinu. 

whakaranu, v.t. inix. 

Ranua"watea, n. a plant. 

Ranga, n. 1 company of persons. 
2 shocd of fish. 

ranga, v. t. 1 pull up by the roots. 
Rangaa mai he taiawa. 2 raise; 
cast up. A, ka tapu, ka rangaa 
te one, ko te Ahuroa. (114) 3 
set hi motion an army, &c. ; 
urge forivards. Ka rangaa tana 
tana hei tukituki i te pa tuna. 

rangaranga, or rarangS., v. i. 
blow gently. Te hau e ata rara- 




nga mai nei. — Ata rangaranga 

ana te ta. 
raranga, v. t. iveave. Pass, ra- 

ngaa, or ranga. Ka rangaa 

he kete. (7) 
whakarangaranga, v. t. extol. 

E whakarangaranga ana i a ia 

te koroke nei. 
Rangahau, v. t. carry on a loojy 


I. Rangai, n. 1 herd; flock. Taku 
rangai parera, e toru tekau. 2 
company. He rangai tangata 
e haere mai nei. 

II. Rangai, v. i. be raised in a 
menacing attitude. Ka rangai 
nga peke te tangata ra, akua- 
nei ka wero. 

RS-ngapu, n. company. Katahi 
ka kitea atu te rangapu tangata 
nei, e taka ana mai i raro i nga 
rakau. (16) 

Rangatahi, v. i. he quick; move 
quickly. Rangatahi touwaewae. 

rangatahi, n. fishing-net, about 
ten fathoms long; smaller than 
a kaharoa ; also called ta"wau- 

Rangatira, n. 1 chiej, male or 
female. Kahore lie rangatira o 
tenei whenua, ko toku matua 
anake. (195) 2 master or mis- 
tress. Ko te ingoa o toku ra- 
ngatira, ko te Kahureremoa. 

rangatira, a. in a state oj peace. 
He tohu whenua rangatira te 

RS-ngi, n. 1 sky. 2 region above 
the clouds; heaven. Kei Jiea to 
kotiro? E! kei te rangi. (49) 
3 weather. Na te rangi kino i 
kore ai matou e haere. 4 day. 
Tupato ana nga tuakana, wha- 
nga ana i tetehi rangi. (95) — 
Rangi weherua; midnight. 5 
division or po7'tio7i of a song. 

Rangi rua te haka nei. 6 air ; 
time. 7 tenour or drift of a 
.speech, &c. 8 tower, built in 
several stories, used in attacking 
a 'pa.' 

rangirangi, v. t. 1 annoy ; vex. 
2 roast; scorch. 

rangirangi, n. song to keep time 
in pulling. 

Rangimarie, a. quiet; peaceful. 

Rangiora, n. hrachyglottis re- 
panda; a shrub. 

Rangipariihi, n. person Jully tat- 

RangirSro, n. giddiness. Ka 
taka te rangiroro i toku mate- 

Rangitapii, n. scaffolding for rais- 
ing a ridgepole. 

Rangitihi, n. stack of fernroot. 

Rangitoto, n. hlacklava; scoi-ice. 

Rango, n. 1 roller upon which a 
heavy body is dragged. 2 land 
overgrown with fern or scrub. 

Rangona, passive of rongo. 

Raoa, V. i. be choked. He paku 
te ika i raoa ai a Tamarereti. 

RS,orao, n. level or undidating 

Raoriki, n. ranunculus macro- 
pus ; a plant. 

I. Rapa, n. 1 stern post of a canoe. 
2 flat part of a spade. 3 rapa 
maori; familiar spirit. 

rapa, a. 1 having the toes u,nited 
by a membrane; webbed. He 
waewae rapa to te parera. 2 
entwined. Rapa tonu te taura 
ki- te rakau. 

rapa, v. i. stick. 

raparapa, n. flcit part of the foot, 
between the instep and the toes. 
Kei toku raparapa toku mate, 
mamae katoa toku tinana. ra- 
parapa-ruru, a variety of po- 




rS,r§,pS,, \.\. flaf>h forth. Raiapa 

lie uii'a. 
■whakarapa, n. ji^h lutak't. 
II. Rapa, for rapu, v. t. seek; 

look for. Pass, rapaa, or ra- 

Rapaki, n. girdle; apron. 
rapaki, v. i. he girt up. Rapaki 

rawa nga kakahu o Kapenga. 
Rape, n. 1 tattooing on the hreecli. 

2 a variety of potato. 
Rapea, ad. intensive, indeed. 
Rapi, rarapi, v. t. clutch; scratch. 

E rapihia ana tou ringa e te 

Rapoi, n. sioarm; cluster. Nao- 

manga iho a Rua ki te rapoi 

kutu nei. (77) 
rapoi, a V. i. hang together in a 

cluster. Te ngai'O e rapoi mai 

I'a. /i V. t. gather together. Ra- 

poia mai nga otaota. 
Rapopoto, V. i. he assembled. 
Rapii, V. t. 1 seek; look for. Roa 

noa RU e rapu ana i taku toki; 

kaore i kitea. 2 apply to any 

one for advice. Na konei matou 

i rapu ai ki a koe. 3 squeeze. 
rapurapu, v. i. he in douht. Kei 

rapurapu o kovitou whakaaro. 
Rapupiiku, v. i. hud; put forth 

Rara, n. twig; small branch. 
rara, v. t. expose to the heat of a 

fire; dry; scorch. Pass, rangia. 
RarS,, n. 1 rib. 2 stage on which 

kumara are dried. 3 shoal of 

rara, v. i. 1 be spread out on a 

stage. Ka rara nga tuna ki 

runga ki te ahi. 2 go in shocds. 

Ka rara nga ika ki runga i te 

kaharunga. 3 broach to ; he 

throiV7i on the broadside. Ka 

rara te poti, ka tahuri. 
R9,ra, v. i. 1 make a continued 

sound. Ka rara nga waewae i 

te omanga. 2 roar. I rangona 
ki te waha e rara iho ana i te 
tauwliarenga kowhatu o Moe- 
rangi. (158) 

Rara, ad. tJiere. See ra. 

Rarahu, see under rahu. 

Raranga, see under ranga. 

Rarangi, n. roiv ; rank. 

Rarapa, see under rapa. 

Rarapi, see under rapi. 

Rarata, see under rata. 

Rarau, see under rau. 

Rarauhe, n. 2>teris aquilina; coni- 
mn)i fern. 

Raravre, see under ra"we. 

I. Rare, a. dull; stupid. He rare 

II. Rare, a v. i. lie. Kei te rare 
tou nga rongoa. /3 v. t. carry. 
Maku e rare tou kakahu. 

Rari, n. a fish. 

Rari, a. tvet. Ka rari toku ka- 

Rari, v. i. make an uproar. Ka 
rari tera te tamariki. 

Raro, n. 1 the bottom; the tinder 
side. Like names of places, it 
is preceded by a when it is the 
subject in a sentence, or when 
repeated by way of explanation. 
With a preposition it is often 
equivalent to an adverb, and 
may be rendered, dotvn; doivn 
helow. Ko te pueru i waiho i 
raro takoto ai. (137) When 
preceded and followed by a pre- 
position, it forms a complex 
preposition, signifying beneath ; 
under, &c. Kua nekehia atu 
ki raro i nga peke tetahi o nga 
taura, kua mau. (159) — Ka 
liaere nei to tatou matua, ka 
ka haere hoki tatou i raro i 
ona waewae ; i.e. i7i his train, 
2 the north. E ahu ana nga 
waka ra ki raro. 3 for ra, or 
rangi ; day. Mo era nga raro 




ena korero; tenei, mo tenei 

Rarii, and raruraru, v, i. 1 be in 

difficulty ; be perplexed. Heoti 

ano, he raru to Manaia, heoti 

ano ka maiki ia i tera wahi. 

(122) 2 be hindered; he en- 

whakararu, n. hindrance ; en- 
Rarua, v. i. be misled; be dis- 

Rata, n. metrosideros robusta; a 

Rata, a. pi. rarata. 1 tame ; 

quiet. He kararehe rarata 

anake. . 2 familiar ; friendly. 

Kaore te tamaiti na i rata mai 

ki a au. 
ratarata, a. 1 clear ; not riiuddy. 

Kei te ratarata ranei te puna? 

2 red-hot. Ka ratarata nga 

powhatu o te urau. 3 sharp; 

cutting. Ratarata ana tera te 

mata o te toki nei. 
Rata, n. doctor. 
Ratau, pron. for ratou, they. 
R3,to, V. i. be all served or j^'''^^- 

vided. Ka rato nga tangata i 

te utu. 
whakarato, v. t. serve cdl round. 

WHakaratoa nga tamariki ki 

te kai. 
Ratou, pron. they; them. 

I. Rau, n. 1 leaf. 2 blade. 

II. Rau, a. hundi'ed. Takoto ana 
te rau ma whitu i roto i te 
hangi. (90) Sometimes used to 
signify other. Kua ata whaka- 
ritea e raua i rau rangi ra. (131) 
— Kei rau o whenua e haere 

whakarau, v.t. multiply. Tenei 
te he, kei nga tangata ora, nana 
i whakarau te korero mona. 

III. Rau, V. t. 1 catch in a net. 
Kua riro a Koro ki te rau 

inanga. 2 gather into a bas- 
ket. Raua nga mea na ki te 

rarau, v. t. lay hold of ; handle. 
Kahore e rarau o ringaringa ki 
ro oneone. 

rarau, a. in captivity. Kei te 
noho rarau raua e noho nei. 

•whakarau, v.t. 1 take captive. 
2 lead aivay. Ka whakaraua 
ki te tuaahu. (85) 

whakarau-ora, v. t. take alive; 
save a captive alive. 

whakarau, n. captive. 

Raua, pron. they two. Used re- 
dundantly in speaking of two 
persons together. Ka mate a 
Hou raua ko WHakaturia. (67) 
Also in addressing two persons 
together: E Tama raua ko 
Maka ! 

Rauaka, n. bed or land in a cul- 

Rauariihe, n. fronds of pteris 
aquilina. Para raua ruhe; broivn 
growth of kumara leaves. 

Rauawa, n. attached sides of a 
canoe. To kau ana ko nga 
rauawa anake. (171) 

Ra,uhanga, a. deceitful. 

Rauhi, V. t. ^jZace together ; col- 

Raukai, n. leaves of tvhich bas- 
kets are made for cooked food. 

Rauka"wa, n. an odoriferous plant 
used as a scent. 

Raukeke, v. t. pull about reck- 
lessly. Raukeke noa te tamaiti 
nei ; e kore e takoto to mea. 

Raukumara, n. senecio perdi- 
cioides; a plant. 

Raukura, n. 1 feather. 2 a fish. 

Raumanga, n. a species of fern. 

Raumarie, n. a fish. 

Raumati, n. summer. 

Rd,ununui, a. broad. Kia pehea 
te raununui o nga pou? 




Raupa, ;i. rJiappi'd ; cracked (of 
tlie skin). Ka mate oku wae- 
wae i te raupa. 

Raup^ka, n. Uutf of furo. 

Raupaxi, n.j'ryhiy pan. 

RS,upeti, n. solatium; a plant. 

Raupi, V. t. cover up ; cherish 
fexdi'riy; take care of. Ka rau- 
pitia te roi ki te rau rakau. 

Raupo, n. typha anyustifolia ; 
bn/rush ; used for building. 

Rauponga, n. a pattei'n of carv- 

Rauraha, a. spread out. 

Raurakau, n. see raurekau. 

Raurarahi, a. broad. 

Raureka, a. deceit/id. 

Raurekau, n. cojn-osma grandi- 
folia : a shrub. 

Raurenga, n. trichomaues reni- 
forme; a fern u.sed to scent oil. 
Pania tou kiri ki te wai raure- 
nga; kia paoa te kakara o te 
liinu taramea. 

Rauriki, sonchus oleraxeus; sow- 

Rauroha, v. t. spread about. Rau- 
rohatia nga witi. 

rauroha, a. 1 extended, as the 
arms. 2 spread out. 

Rauroroa, n. sonchus asper ; a 
coarse kind of sow-thistle. 

Raurii, n. a flat method of plat- 
ting with seven strands. 

Rautahi, n. carex ternaria; a 

Rautao, v. t. envelop with leaves 
in a native oven. Ka rautao- 
ngia ki te koromiko. (36) 

Rautara, n. third leaf of a seed- 
ling gourd, after the cotyledons. 
Rauta"wa, n. a pattern of orna- 
mental painting. 
Rauta"wliiri, n. jnttosporum te- 

nuifolium ; a tree. 
Rautete, n. trousei's. 
RS.uwiri, a v.t. interlace with 

twigs. Me rauwiri te taiepa nei 
ki te manuka, (i v.i. be cast on 
shore. Ka rauwiri to matou 
kaipuke ki uta. 
rauAviri, n. fence interlaced tuith 

I. Rawa, n. 1 goods; property. 
Kaliore aku rawa. 2 ground; 
cause. Te ai he rawa i j^atua 
ai te tangata nei. 

ra'wa, a. numerous. E rawa ana 

nga tangata. 
whakara"wa, v.t. fasten with a 

latch or bolt. WHakarawatia 

te tatau. 
whakarawa, n. latch; bolt. 

II. Rawa, ad. 1 quite; very; 
very much; at all. Mate rawa 
te tamaiti nei. — E kore rawa 
ahau e haere. — Mo apopo rawa 
taua ka haere ; we will not go 
till to-morroiv. 2 really ; indeed. 
He mahi rawa tena? 

Rawahi, n. the other side, of a 
river, &c. Kei rawahi te ope. 

2 either side. E tu koe ki tenei 
rawahi. (116) 


whakarawai, v.t. sneer at; dis- 
parage. E whakarawaitia ana 

te kakahu. 
Rawaka, a. abundant; sufficient. 

E kore e rawaka nga kai. 
Rawakore, a. without property; 

Rawaru, n. pet'cis colias; rock 

I. Rawe, a. 1 close. Kia rawe 

to pa i te tatau. 2 suitable; 

becoming. Ka I'awetou kahahu. 

3 excellent. Mahue rawa tau 
niea te rawe! 4 suited; fur- 
nished. Ka rawe koe i te hu. 

rarawe, a. 1 easy; attainable. E 
kore e rarawe tenei i a au. 2 
abundant. Kei te rarawe nga 
kai o te rua. 




rawe, v.t. take up; snatch. I 

rawea e ia te pueru hei kaka 

"whakaraTve, v.t. dose; fasten 

up. WHakai'awea nga kete 

II. RS,"we, a. interrogative, hoiv 

many? E rawe au? 
RaAveke, v.t. manipulate; dress 

food, Arc. 
raweke, a. meddlesome. 
Ra"whi, rara'whi, v.t. 1 grasp; 

seize. Ka rawbia reretia te 

karukaru puru o tona whare 

hei paki putanga mona. (13) 2 

hold firmly. Tera te pakiaka o 

te koareare te rarawhi ra. 
ra"whi, n. basket. Roiroia te 

Rawhiti, n. east. 
Re, int., calling attention. See! 
Rea, V. i. spring iip ; grow. Kua 

rea nga riwai. 
Rehe, n. 1 wrinkle. 2 tattoo 

marks over the eyebrotvs. 3 

small grayling. 
rehe, a. wi'inkled. Ka rehe te 

rehe, ad. intensive, attached to 

adjectives. Parau rehe. — Ku- 

ware rehe. 
Rehea, v. i. be balked; be baffled. 

Katahi nei pea au ka rehea. 

Reho, a. bad. Ka haere ki te 

rehoreho, n. a shell fish. 

Rehii, n. 1 flute. 2 haze; mist; 
smoke. Kua kapi te moana i te 
rehu o te ua. — Rehu tai; spray. 
3 flint. 

rehu, v.t. 1 sing; chaunt. 2 chip; 
split off in chips. Erangi te 
kowhatu; ka rehua, ka nga- 
whara. — Rehu ahi, strike fire. 
3 phmder. 

rehurehu, v. i. 1 be gone down, 

as the sun. Ka rehurehu te ra; 
e kore tatou e tae. 2 be indis- 

"whakarehu, v. t. 1 give a relish 
to anything. He nui te kai 
maoi'i, ko te mea hei wliakarehu 
e iti ana. 2 cause to decline. 
E to e te ra ki whakarehua iho. 

Rehua, n. the star Antares. 

Rei, n. 1 breast. 2 tusk or large 
tooth. 3 anything made of ivory. 
4 anything of great value; jewel. 

whakarei, n. 1 carved work at 
the head and stern of a canoe. 

2 canoe with elaborately carved 
figurehead, bust, and arms. 

"whakareia, n. Pitau whakareia; 
figurehead of a canoe with arms 
turned backwards. See pitau. 

Reia, see under rere. 

Reinga, n. derivative from rere. 
1 leap. 2 p)^^'^^ ^f departed 

Reipiita, n. boar toith tusks. 

Reira, n. that jylace, time or cir- 
stance, already mentioned. Ko 
NGatoro i haere ki nga raorao, 
ki te takahi waipuna i reira. 
(78) Na reira; ^Aere/bj-e (past). 
— Ma reira; therefore (intViYe). 

Reka, a. 1 sweet; jxdatable. Me 
i paka te kai nei, ka reka. 2 
jjleasant; agreeable. Reka tonu 
nga korero. — Rekanga kanohi ; 

rekareka, a. 1 pleasant. 2 tickl- 
ing ; itching. 3 delighted. 

Reke, n. 1 a mode of dressing the 
hair in a knot. 2 thrust with a 

rekereke, n. heel. 

Reko, n. tvhite dogskin mat. 

Reme, n. lamb. 

Remii, n. 1 posteriors. 2 lower 
end of anything. Ko nga remu 
o nga riwai hei kai ma matou. 

3 lower hem of a garment. 




RSmurSa, n. a plant. 

RgnS,, v.t. .stretch out. Renaa te 

renarena, a. full. Ka renarena 
te tai. It is high water. 

Renga, n. good fern-root. Ko- 
tahi kete renga, kotalii kete 

rengarenga, ii. arthropodiuni 
cirrliatain; a plant. 2 tetra- 
gonia expansa; New Zealand 

Reo, n. 1 voice. He veo tangata 
e wawaro mai nei. 2 speech. 
Kua nanu te reo. 3 language; 

reoreo, n. 1 a bird. 2 jdain or 
undulating coxmtry. Compare 

Reoreoa, a. ruffled in temper, as 
after a quarrel between near 

Repa, n. 1 belly of a shark. 2 a 
kind of mat ; the same as ta- 

Repe, n. a variety of potato. 

reperepe, n. doivry. 

Repehina, n. agrostis cemula; a 
grass. Ka rere te repehina, ko 
Pekehawani; kua kore te kai o 
te wai. 

Repo, n. 1 sivamp. 2 sting ray ; 
a fish. 3 cannon. 

reporepo, n. a slippery weed 
growing on rocks. 


whakarera, a. high. 

Rere, v. i. 1 run (as water); move 
quickly. He tai rere; a tide 
which has run out thoroughly, 
as low water at spring tides. 2 
fly. Rere tonu te kukupa, a 
tau noa atu i te matapihi o te 
whare o Tinirau. — be cct?'ried 
away. Me te huruhuru manu 
ka rere i te hau. (170) 3 
escape. Kahore he rerenga o 

taua ope. 4 sail. Rere noa atu 
ana, rei'e noa atu ana, he waka 
i tona rerenga. (70) 5 leap. 
Ka rere iho taua wahine nei ki 
roto ki te koruiirua. (13) Space 
to and fro in making a speech. 
7 rise or set, as the heavenly 
bodies. He marama e ka rere 
ake ana i te pae te ahuatanga. 
(159) E to, e te ra, e rere ki te 
rua. 8 be horn. Ka rere ta 
Tauwheoro, ko Hokinga. 9 be 
rejected. Hoatu rawa ta taua 
korero ki a Paoa, rere ana i a 
ia. 10 hang. Ko te here ka 
waiho kia i-ere ana. (147) 11 
rere ke, he changed; be dijfer- 
ent. Pass, reia, or rerengia, 
be run upo7i or over; be run 
after. Ka reia taua wahine e 
nga tane o reira (148) ; he sailed 
over. Ka roa tenei wahi e reia 
nei e tenei waka. (71) 

rere, n. 1 ivaterfall. 2 shocol; 
swarm. Ka mau katoa te rere 

rere, ad. abruptly ; suddenly. 
Motu rere te taura nei. 

rerere, v. i. run, &c., to and fro. 

■whakarere, v. t. 1 cast away ; 
reject. Me whakarere enei ra- 
kau; kua pirau. 2 leave; for- 
sake. Katahi ka whakarerea 
e ratou tera wahi. 3 use a 
weapon in striking a blow. 
Tahi ano te whakarerenga iho o 
tana meremere. (120) 

■whakarere, ad. suddenly. Ka 
puta whakarere mai tehautonga. 

Rere, int. demanding attention. 
E hoa! rere! 

Rereahiahi, n. the evening star. 

Rerehape, n. a sub -variety of 
Hihoj-e' 2}hormium tenax. 

Rerehu, n. the star whose appear- 
ance marks the 9th month; per- 
haps Antares. 




RSrShu, V. i. be heated. Ka re- 

i-ehu te okeoke. 
Rerei, ad. there. E noi mai re- 

Reremai, n. a large kind of 

Rgrepehi, n. tattooing on the 

Rerepari, n. a kind of crab. 
Rererua, a. double; in two thick- 
nesses ov folds. 
Rgrewai, n. potajnogeton natans; 

a water-plant. 
Reri, n. rail. 
Retao, n. grass or leaves on which 

the food is laid in a native 

Reti, n. snare. 
reti, V. ensnare. 
Reti, v. t. let on lease. 
Reto, a. deep. He wahi reto tera 

retoreto, n. nzolla rubra; a plant. 
Returetu, n. a water-plant. 
Reua, n. a shrub. 
Rewa, V. i. 1 melt; become liquid. 

2 float. 3 get under loay; start. 

Kotahi te mano o nga waka, ka 

rewa ki te moana, ka hoe. (41) 

4 be elevated; be high up. Ka 

rewa te ra ki runga. 
re"wa, n. mast of a vessel. 
rewarewa, n. knightia excelsa; 

a tree. 
■whakarewa, v. t. 1 2yut afloat. 

WHakarewaia te waka. 2 set 

in motion. Ka whakarewaia a 

Kahukura, a Itupawa, a Rongo- 

mai. (84) 3 melt. 
■wh.akare"wai, v. i. rain heavily. 

I ua nehu i mua; muri iho ka 

whakarewai, ka rahi ake te pata. 
Rewera, n. devil. 
Revrha, n. eyelid. Manana kau 

ana nga rewha. 
rewhare'wha, n. epidemic sick- 

ness; influenza, &c. 

Ri, V. t. shut out with a screen. 
Ka riia te hau. 

rianga, n. screen. Homai nga 
raupo naka hei rianga. 

Riaka, v. i. strain; jmt forth 
strength. Riaka ana nga uaua 
ki te pupuri i a au. 

Riaki, a v. t. lift up. No tana 
riakanga i nga riwai nei. fi 
v. i. fall out. 

Rianga, see ri. 

Rie, a. tivo. E rie. 

rienga, a. tivo. E rienga i a ma- 

Riha, n. nit. 

rihariha, a. small. 

"whakarihariha, a. 1 digusted. 
2 disgusting. 

RThi, n. 1 dish. 2 lease. 

Rika, a. 1 restless in sleep; un- 
easy. I a au e moe ana, ka 
rika tera au. 2 impatient. Me 
haere koutou ki te arahi i te 
hanga ka rika nei ki te haere. 

rikarika, a. 1 abashed; overawed. 
Te rikarika te tangata ra ki 
tona rangatira. 2 having m-is- 
givings. Kihai i rikarika tana 
patu, kihai i titiro. 3 hesitat- 
ing. Te rikarika te whaka- 
tikanga o te iwi nei. 

"whakaririka, v. i. 1 be anxious 
or apprehe7isive. Me te noho 
matou ; me te whakaririka, akua- 
nei matou ka tahui'i. 2 ivait 
anxiously. WHakaririka noa 
ana matou kia tika te hau. 3 
coiver; crouch. 

"whakarikarika, a. exciting feel- 
ings of disgust ; disgusting. 

Riki, plural ririki, a. small. He 
ririki anake enei rakau. 

rikiriki, a. 1 in small portiotis or 
sections; in fragments. 2 Ka 
mahora rikii'iki tatou; we are 
altogether scattered. 




RiKi, n. leek; onion. 

Rikd, V. i. wane. Ka riko te 

rikoriko, a. dusky; darkish. 1 

te aliiahi rikoriko. 
RiKONA, n. deacon. 
Rima, a. jive. 
Rimu, n. dacvydmni cupressi- 

tium: a tree. 
rimurimu, n. 1 seaweed. 2 moss. 

3 inlldeu}. 
Rimurapa, n. d'nrvillea utilis ; 

a seaweed. 
Rimurehia, n. a seaweed. 
RiNBNA, n. linen. 
RiNi, n. ring. 
Rind, n. 1 twist of tico or three 

strands. Rino makawe; lock 

of frizzled hair. 2 iron. 
rinorino, n. tivist of two or tliree 

whakarino, n. hag for fish when 

caught, lield open by a lioop, 

and placed in tlie water. 
Ringa, or ringaringa, n. liand; 

arm. He tangata ringa kino; 

an indnstrious man. 
Ringi, or riringi, v. t. 1 poitr 

out. Ringihia mai he wai i roto 

i te taha. 2 throw in great 

numbers; shoiver. Te ringiha- 

nga mai o te tao, o te manuka. 


Ripa, n. boundary line. 

ripa, a V. i. make a line ov furrotv. 
Kei te takahi i te ara, a tawhiti 
noa atu, ripa ke atu, ripa ke 
mai. (94) fi v. t. deprive an 
atua of jjower. 

riparipa, v. t. j3ut a border to. 
Riparipaia ta tatou hangi. 

riparipa, n. tattooing on the 

Ripeka, a. lying across one an- 
other. He ara ripeka: a cross 

ripeka, n. cross. 

ripeka, v. t. 1 lay across. 2 mark 
icitii a cross. 3 crucify. 

RiPENETA, a V. i. repent. (i n. 

Ripi, V. t. cut; gash. 

ripiripi, v.t. cut open. He ika ka 
ripiripia ; he ika ka haehaea. (98) 

ripi, n. stick to kill eels ivitli. 

Ripo, n. 1 whirljjool; eddy; curl. 
2 deep pool. Kua tae ki te 
ripo, kei reira te WHeke a 
Muturangi e noho ana. (109) 
Used of the deep sea. Te ripo 
tauarai ki Oropi. 

ripo, or riporipo, a. eddying; 
curling. He hau ripo. — Ka 
puhia mai e te hau, ka rij^oripoa 
te mura o te ahi. 

Rira, a. strong. Koia ano te rira 
o tenei tangata ki te mahi. 

"whakarira, v. i. put forth strengh ; 
toork hard. I runga aliau i te 
whakarira, a ruwlia noa iho. 

Rirapa, a. havi7ig fat projections. 
He pukatea tena rakau ina hoki 
te rirapa. 

Rire, n. deej) tvater. 

Riri, a V. i. pass, riria, 1 be angry. 
Ka rongo ki te patunga o tana 
kuri, katahi ka riri. 2 quarrel ; 
fight. Mo apopo taua riri ai. 
(92) The passive is sometimes 
used impersonally. Katahi ka 
riria; then they fought. (3 v.t. 
rebuke ; forbid. Katahi te ta- 
ngata nei ka riri kia kati te 
haka. (194) 

riri, n. 1 anger. 2 quarrel. Riri 
taua nui; ivar between two na- 
tions. Riri taua whenua ; quar- 
rel betiveen tribes, about women, 
right to land, &c. Riri tara 
whare; quarrel between differ- 
ent sections of the sa7ne hapti. 

ririri, v. i. quarrel one with an- 
other. Ka ririri nga wahine 
nei. (139) 




Ririki, see riki. 

Ririo, V. i. he diminished. Ka ririo 
te mate o toku ringaringa. 

Ririu, see under riu. 

RiriwS,i, n. stakes in the bed of a 
river, to which nets are attached. 

Ririvraka, n. scirpus maritimus ; 
a marsli plant. 

Riro, V. i. 1 be gone or come 
aivay. Kua riro atu tana wa- 
hine ki te kawe wai ma raua. 
2 he brought; be taken ; be car- 
ried away. Kua riro mai i a 
Tawhaki te iwa [o nga taro]. 
(49) 3 be gotten or obtained. 
Ka riro te kainga i a Manaia 
ratou ko ana tama. (123) 4 6e; 
become. Katahi ka riro ma Pita 
6 hanga te whare. Riro ke; be 

■whakariro, or -whakariro ke, 
V. t. wrest; pervert. Kei whaka- 
riroia ta matou korero e koe. 

riro, ad. intensive. Nonamata 
)"iro; from very ancient times. 

riroriro, n. (/erygone flaviventris ; 
a bird. I hea koe i te tangi- 
hanga o te riroriro? Where were 
you when the riroriro ivas sing- 
ing? i.e. in the spring, or plant- 
ing season. 

Riroi, n. rat. 

Rita, n. an evil spirit. Haere 
ana a Rita, noho ana te ta- 

RitakS,, n. leaves, &c., with which 
food is covered in a native 

Rite, a. 1 like. I rite ahau ki 
ia manu, ki ia manu ; manu iti, 
manu rahi. (19) 2 alike. Kia 
rite koutou te haere. 3 co?'- 
respondi7ig in position, number, 
(fee. Ka pakarua iho te wahi 
i rite ake ai tona iringa ake. 
(64) — Ko nga rangatira i rite 
tonu : e toru nga matua, toko- 

toru hoki nga rangatira. (loi) 
4 balanced by an equivalent ; 
j)aid for. Kua rite noa ake i 
a au te kakahu. 5 performed ; 
fulfilled. Rite tonu etahi nga 
kupu i a ia. (65) 6 agreed to. 
Heoi ka rite enei korero i a 
ratou katoa. 

whakarite, v. t. 1 make like. 
2 compare; liken. 3 put in 
order; arrange; fix. 4 balance 
by an equivalent. 5 fulfil; 

ritenga, n. 1 likeness. 2 cus- 
tom; habit; practice. 3 place 
or thing corresp07iding ; price, 

Rito, n. young unexpanded leaves, 
or heart of a plant. Ko te rito 
i waenganui te waiho. 

Riu, n. 1 bilge of a canoe or 
vessel. Riu tainga wai; place 
in a canoe, ivhere the water is 
haled out. 2 anything similar 
in shape: valley. Te riu o 
Waiapu, e tuwhera kau nei. 
— belly of a fish. Pawharatia 
tonutia i te riu. (155) 

ririu, v. i. 1 subside into its 
channel or bed. Kua ririu te 
waipuke ki roto ki te awa. 2 
j)ass by. I kite atu au i a ia 
e ririu ana i ko. Pass, riua, be 
gone. Ka riua ia koe. 


■whakariuka, a. restless from cold. 
Moe whakariuka ana au i te po 

Riwai, n. potato. 

Riwha, a. chipped; gapped. Ka 
riwha te papa. 

riwha, n. chink. 

RiWHi, n. substitute. 

R5, n. mantis; an insect. 

R6, for roto i te in complex pre- 
positions. Ka noho ano a NGa- 
toro i ro pa. (92) See roto. 

Roa 161 

Rda, plural roroa, a. 1 lomj ; 
tall. He tangata roroa anake. 
2 sloiv; taking a long time. 

"whakaroa, v. t. 1 lenythen. 2 

Roaka, a. abundant. Compare 

R5au, n. rail in a fence. 

Roha, a. spread out; expanded. 
E roha ana nga pakikau o te 
koau. Pakau-roharoha ; winged 

roha, n. sting ray; a fish. 

Rohe, n. 1 boimdary. 2 hand- 
net for fish. 3 basket. 

roherohe, v. t. mark off by a 
boundary line; separate. Ko 
nga rangi i roherohea e Tane. 

roherohe, n. torch. Compare 

Rohi, V. t. screen with b^ishes. I 

te rohi kumara matou i te mai'a 

a Maru. 
Rohutu, n. myrtles obcordata ; a 

Roi, n. fern-root. 
roiroi, a. half-cooked. Ma wai 

tenei kai roiroi? 
roiroi, v.t. tie uj). Roiroia te 

roiroi, n. dwarf. 
roroi, v. t. grate into a pulp. 
roroi, n. kiimara grated or mashed. 
whakaroiroi, v. i. wander about; 

be unstable; be unsettled. 
RoiA, n. lawyer. 

Roihd, a. bent double by weak- 
Roimata, n. 1 tears. 2 j)7'esent 

made to bereaved persons. 
Roke, n. excrement. 
rokeroke, n. a variety of potato. 
R5koh9,nga, v. pass, be overtaken 

or com,e upon; be reached. Ro- 

kohanga atu e au kua mate ke. 
Rokohina, the same as roko- 



RSkii, or rorSku, v. i. 1 be 

tveighed down; sink. He ma- 
rama ka roku i te pae. 2 
grow weak; decline; used of a 
person dying; of fire that will 
not burn, &c. WHakaara noa 
au i a ia, ka roroku tonu atu. 3 
act the coward; subiiiit tamely 
to insult or degradation. 

Roma, n. current; stream. 

Romi, or rSromi, v. t. 1 squeeze. 
Aua e romia kei kutere. 2 

Rona, V. t. 1 bind; confine with 
cords, &c. Kua tukua inaianei, 
a inaianei kua ronaia ano. 2 
confine thatch to prevent it from 
being carried away by the wind. 
Kahore ano i ronaa te whare. 

3 engulph. Ka kawhakina e te 
au kume, e te au rona. (112) 

4 prepare cockles in the form 
of a pudding. Kei te rona pipi 
a Kino. 

R5naki, a. 1 sloping ; slanting. 
Te puke ronaki. 2 gliding 
easily. Te ngaru, te aha, ka 
ronaki te haere. 3 steady, as 
wind. He hau tika; ronaki 
tonu mai i muri. 

Rongo, V. t. pass, rangona. 1 
hear. Kahore ranei koe i rongo 
wawara o raro nei na? {^^) 2 
feel. Katahi ka rangona e au 
te mamae. 3 smell. Rongo 
kau ano te tupua ra i te hau- 
nga ahua tangata. (150) 4 
taste. Ka kai a Kae, ka rongo 
i te reka. (36) 5 obey. NCare 
noa, kihai hoki i rongo. (143) 

rorongd, v. t. repeat the commence- 
r)ient of a song, &c. Katahi 
ka rongohia atu e Rongorongo. 

rongo, n. 1 tidings; report ; fame. 
Ka nui noa atu tona rongo; 


paku ana ki nga iwi katoa. 2 
feacG after war. Hohou rongo; 
make peace. — Ka mau te 
rongo; peace is made. (i66) 
— Rongo-a-whare ; peace brought 
about by the mediation of a 
woman. — Rongo-a-marae ; peace 
brought about by the mediation 
of a man. 

"whakarongo, v. t. 1 cause to 
hear; inform. Hoki tonu te 
purahorua ra ki te whakarongo 
i nga wahi i kapi i nga tangata 
o runga i a te Arawa. (8i) 2 
listen; attend. E whakarongo 
ana raua ki te putanga mai o 
te hau. (93) WHakarongo- 
uka; bear pain with fii'mness. 

■whakarongoa, n. noise. Te wha- 
karongoa o te tamaiti nei ! 
Used interjectionally. WHaka- 
rongoa ! Hush I 

R5ngda, v. t. 1 preserve; take 
care of Rongoatia a tatou kai 
mo apopo. 2 a2ip>^y medicines 

rongoa, n. 1 anything preserved. 
Hence applied to drugs. 2 
medicine; remedy; preservative 
against sickness or death. He 
mata tawhito te karakia a Ta- 
mure hei rongoa mona. (172) 

R6ng6hua, n. perch for birds. 

Rongomaibro, n. steejj roof. 

RSngotainui, n. a long -leaved 
variety of tihore phoriniura 

R6ng6ua, n. basket for cooked 
food, used in some religious 

RSngS'wS.hS,, v. t. muzzle. Ho- 
atu, rongovvahatia ta taua kuri. 

Ropa, n. 1 slave; servant. Ka- 
tahi a Marutuahu raua ko tana 
ropa ka haere mai. (137) 2 
single man; lodger in a family. 

I. R6pi, n. potato. 

162 Roroai 

II. Ropi, and roropi, v. t. 1 close. 

Ropia te kuwaha. 2 cover up. 

3 use as a covering. Ropia tou 

Ropine, v. t. cover up. Ropinea 

nga mea na ki waenganui. 
Ropu, n. 1 compariy of persons. 

2 chcmp of trees. 3 gust of 

wind; squall. Ka puta mai te 

ropu hau, tutu ana te puehu o 

te whenua. 
Rora, a. 1 powerless. Ki taku 

titiro, kua rora a Hirini. 2 

lazy. Katahi te rora o ta kou- 

tou mahi. 
roratanga, n. place or time at 

which anything can be overcome 

or surmoii7ited. 'Turaungatao, 

me aha tatou e whiti ai?' 'Tena 

ano kei ona roratanga.' 
R6r6, n. snare; trap. 
rore, v. t. ensnare. Ka puta te 

kiore ki roto, ka rorea. 
rore, a. 1 deceitfxd. He rore noa 

te malii a te tangata ra. 2 

weary. 3 intoxicated. 
rorerore, a. 1 entangled. 2 

enervating: relaxing. Rorerore 

ana tera te whiti o te ra. 
"whakarorerore, v. t. bitid. He 

aha te tikanga ka whakarore- 

rorea noatia nei au e koel 
RorSa, n. tide-bore. 
Rori, V. t. 1 bind. 2 gather 

rori, a. entangled. I reira nga 

whakaheke e rori ana. 
rori, n. 1 basket in ivhich cockles 

are gathered. 2 animalcules in 

the sea. 
RSri, a. distorted. Ka rori nga 

Roria, n. Jew's-harp. 
Roro, n. 1 braiiis; mctrroiv. 2 

entrance; doorivay. 
R6roa, see under roa. 
Rdr5ai, n. a fish. 




R6r6hu, v.i. whiz; btizz. 

Ror6r6, n. 1 olea montana; moun- 
tain maire. 2 pieces of wood 
rubbed together to procure fire. 
3 ant. 

RbtS,, n. a fish. 

Rota, n. lot. 

Rot&ri, n. fierce looks. Ka tu 
mai tera nga rotari. 

rotari, a. fierce. 

I. R6t6, n. lake. 
whakaroto, a. without current; 

still, of water. 

II. Roto, n. treated in construction 
like the proper name of a place. 
1 the inside. Ko roto o te 
whare, i ki katoa i te tangata. 
Ki roto ki; i^ito ; in. Ki roto 
i ; i roto i ; hei roto i, &c. ; in. 
Sometimes used with an ellipsis 
of the preposition following. 
He kai ma roto puku. (158) 
See also ro. 2 the midst. Ka 
tu nga tokotoko ki roto ki te 
otaota. (79) 3 places inland, 
or uj) a river. 

R6tu, and rorStii, a. heavy. Ro- 
rotu ana nga kanohi i te moe. 

r6r6tu, v. t. oppress with sleep. 
Ka rotua te whare e nga wahine 
ra. (37) 

I. R6u, a. chib-footed. 

II. R5u, V. t. 1 reach or procure hy 
means of a pole or stick. Roua 
he kiekie ma tatou. 2 collect 
cockles or other shell-fish. Kei 
te rou kakahi. (157) 

rou, n. long stick used to reach 

anything with. 
rourou, n. 1 small basket for 

cooked food. 2 '■kete^ made 

with loops at the ends. 
Routu, n. comb. 
whakaroTvau, a. immovable. 

Tenei ano etahi te noho whaka- 

rowau nei; kiano i tahuri noa 

ki te karakia, ahakoa tohea atu 

kia haere mai. 
RS^whea, a. weary. Ka rowhea 

noa iho au i te mahinga. 
Ru, a V. t. shake. Ka ru i ona ma- 

kawe. (55) (i v.i. shake. Ru 

ana te whenua. 
ru, n. earthquake. 
rtiru, v.t. shake. 
whakaruru, v. i. rumble. Kei 

tawhiti te whakarurunga pu 


I. Rua, a. ttvo. 

ruarua, a. 1 0/ two minds; in 
doubt. Ka ruarua toku ngakau. 
2 few. 

ruriia, ad. both equally. E tika 
rurua ana raua. 

II. Riia, n. 1 p)^t; hole. Me haere 
au ki roto ki te rua noho ai. 
(97) 2 p)otato-store. 3 grave. 

■whakarua, n. north-east sea- 
breeze. WHakarua-kopito; a 
kind of ornamental work in the 
interior of native buildings. 

Ruahine, see ruAvahine. 

Ruaki, v.t. vomit. Ka ruakina 
te kai ki waho. WHakapai- 
ruaki; have a feeling of nausea. 

Rua-k6auau, n. kumara-store. 

RuarS,ngi, a. 1 large (of animals). 
He kuri ruarangi. 2 He pake 
ruarangi; a rough mat made of 
leaves of kiekie, which have been 
previously macerated in water. 

Rua-tahiihu, n. potato-store. 

Ruatapu, a. having two entrances. 
Ano he kiore e mau ana i te 
tawhiti whakaruatapu. (160) 

RiiatarS,, n. large lizard. 

Rua-tiravra, n. store with an ex- 
cavated fioor. 

Ruaumoko, n. the demon of earth- 
quakes. Te tini o Ruaumoko, 

Rua"wahia, n. a star which ap- 
pears in the 9th month. 

Rileke, n. verandah. 




Ruha, and ruharuha, a. ragged. 
He kete ruharuha. See also 

ruha, n. worn-out net. He ruha 
kupenga; a rag of a net. 

Riihi, a. weak; exhausted. 

ruriihi, n. old tvoman. 

whakaruhi, v. t. enervate. Ka 
whakaruhiruhia te tangata e 
tenei mate. 

Riii, v.t. scatter; sotv. 

ruirui, v. t. 1 shake to and fro. 
2 shake off. 

Rukariika, a. iyidejinite. I ma- 
hue rukaruka te korero nei, 
kahore hoki i marama. 

Ruke, v.t. throw. Rukea te ku- 
penga ki te moana. 

whakaruke, v. t. strike. Me 
whakaruke te kuri ki te rakau. 

Riiku, V. t. dive for. Kei te ruku 
paua nga tangata. 

rukuruku, v. t. gather u}) into 
small comjxiss. "Rukuruku 
Hunaa, horahora Papakanui"; 
a proverb expressing the superi- 
ority of plain serviceable gar- 
ments to those which are merely 
ornamental; Hunaa being the 
name of a place where fine flax 
was grown, and Papakanui that 
of a kiekie thicket. 

rukuruku, n. small basket or 
basket half-full. "Ko te ruku- 
ruku a WHakaotirangi"; a 
proverb for scarcity of food. 

rurukti, v. t. 1 draiv together with 
a cord. WHiria he taura hei 
ruruku i nga pakitara o te 
whare. 2 bind together any- 
thing that is broken or fallen 
to pieces. Pass, rukutia. 

jr&ruk'u, n. band; girdle. Homai 
tetahi ruruku kia piri ai. 

Rukutia, n. a variety of iihore 
phormium tenax. 

RtJMA, n. room; apartment. 

Rumaeko, n. tail-feathers of a 

Rumaki, a v.t. 1 duck in the 
xoater. 2 plant kumara, &c. 
/? V. i. 1 stoop; bow. Ka ru- 
maki tonu te pane ki raro ki te 
hoe. 2 disa^^i^ear below the 
horizon, as stars. The passive 
rumakiua is also used in this 

rumaki, n. basket of seed-pota- 

I. RunS,, n. 1 rumex flexuosus; 
dock. 2 a water-plant. 

II. RunS,, v.t. 1 tie together; draw 
together. Kotahi tonu te kete 
i runaia ai. 2 steer. Runaa 
te ihu o te waka ki waho. 3 
reduice; pare down. Runaa 
mai nga taha o te rakau kia iti 

runanga, n. assembly ; council. 

runanga, v.t. discuss at a meet- 

Riinga, n. treated in construction 
like proper names of places. 1 
the top; the upper part. He 
mea puhipuhi a runga ki te 
puhi kereru. (154) Ki runga; 
ujnvards; on high. I runga; 
on high. Ki runga ki; ki runga 
i; tipon. Ki runga ake i; above. 
Ra-runga-tia mai i te taiepa; 
let it be jjassed over the fence. 2 
the south; southern parts. 

Rupahii, a. 1 blustering ; angry. 
2 random; wild. Katahi te 
tangata taliupera; rupahu noa 
iho ana korero. 

Riipe, ruperupe, v.t. 1 shake 
violently. He aha tau e rupe- 
rupe i tou kakahu? 2 treat 
with violence. 

Rupekg, v.i. be all come together. 
Kua rupeke mai nga tangata. 

Rur6, v.t. 1 shake. 2 toss about; 
scatter. He aha i rurea atu ai 




nga kai na; te whakawhaiti- 
tia? 3 bnmhj tcords; wrangle. 
Kororo atu ana ratou; rure 
atu; I'ure mai. 

rurerure, v. t. 1 brandish. Ka 
rurcrurea tana paraoa. 2 mal- 
treat. Kati me he rurerure i 
to potiki. 

RuRi, n. rule. 

RURi, v.t. 1 vieasure. 2 survey 

I. Riiru, n. owl; athene JVovce 

II. Riiru, a v.t. tie together. Me 
i mohio koutou ki te ruru mokl. 
fi v.i. draio closer together. E 
ta, kahore koe e ruru mai kia 

ruru, a. 1 sheltered from wind. 
He wahi ruru tenei. 2 close 
together. Ka ruru nga whetu; 
of Pleiades. 

Rururu-taha, n. loud thunder. 

Rurutake, a. shivering. 

Ruru"wS,i, a. foolish; silly. Te 

mate o te tangata ra, he ruru- 

wai noa iho, he porangi. 
Ruta, v.i. 7-age; bluster. Kaua 

e natia taku korero ; waiho kia 

ruta ana au. 
Rutaki, a. blustering ; furious. 
Rutii, a v.t. 1 jolt; jerk. 2 

dash down; fell. He rutunga 

na te mate. 3 try to obtain by 

flattery. He rutu taonga mana. 

(3 v.i. 1 nod from side to side. 

He hoka pai, e rutu ana. 2 be 

agitated with anger; storm. 

Rutu noa ana te tangata ra. 
Riiwahine, n. 1 old woman. 2 

ivoman under the restriction of 

Rtiwao, a. large. He kokopu 

ruwao ; an expression applied to 

great chiefs. 
Ruwha, a. weary. Ka ruwha 

oku waewae. 


I. Ta, a v.t. 1 dash down. He 
ua ta whakarere; very heavy 
rain. 2 strike ^vith a stick, &c. ; 
beat. Hoatu tatou ki te ta 
karaka. — Ta i te kawa; strike 
with a branch of kaivakawa; 
this being part of the 'pure' 
ceremony. Hei te ra e whaongia 
ai te tupapaku ki te papa, ka 
taia te kawa o te papa. 3 
sprinkle by means of a branch 
or bunch of leaves dipped in 
water. 4 whip a top. E ta 
ana to tamaiti i tana kaihotaka. 

5 dash the water out of a canoe ; 
bale. Tangia te riu o te waka. 

6 paint; 2y'>'int. Ano i taia ki 
te takou te whero. (i6) 7 
tattoo. Na wai i ta to moko? 

8 net. Katahi ano ka kitea 
te ta o te kupenga. (179) /? 
v.i. 1 breathe. Ka ta toku 
manawa, ka mamae. — Ka wha- 
kata i tona manawa; she takes 
breath. (132) 2, be oblique; de- 
viate from the pe7-pendicular. 
He ta kakaho, ka kitea ; he 
ta tangata, e kore e kitea. 
Compare takau. 

ta, n. 1 mallet; maid. 2 whip 
for a top. 3 scoop for bailing 
water out of a canoe (tata). 
4 stern of a canoe. 5 (or tata) 
shin; lower joint of the leg. 
6 iviiid. He ta tika tenei mo 
te kaipuke. 

tata, v.t. bale water out of a 




tS,ta, n. vessel losed to bale tvith. 

tata, v.t. 1 dash down. 2 break 
to jneces by dashing on the 
ground. Hence cleave; split up. 
Tatakia te rakau na hei wahie 
ma taua. 3 strike repeatedly 
with a stick; beat. 4 opjwse; 
contradict. E pa, he kupu tata 
to kupu. See tata. 

tanga, n. 1 circumstance, time or 
place of dashing, &c. 2 com,- 
pany; relay. Haere tonu atu 
te tanga o mua. (193) — E toru 
tansra o toku kaainga ka noho 
atu apopo. 3 place where a 
seine is ivorked. Kia tae atu 
au ki te kawe i te hau o tenei 
tanga ika. (22) 

II. Ta, n. a mode of address among 
tribes on the East coast. E 

III. Ta, a particle compounded of 
te, the, and a, of. Plural a. 
'Ta Raumati kupenga' is equi 
valent to 'te kupenga a Rau- 

Taahu, for tahu, see tahuhu. 

Taawhe, v. i. 1 go round a cor- 
ner. A ka taawhe ratou i 
Muriwhenua. (123) 2t be tra- 
velled all round. Ka taawhe i 
a au te motu nei te haere. 

Taawhi, v. t. suppress feelings, 
&c. Taawhi noa iho ana, e 
totoko tonu ake ana i roto i te 
ngakau te whanowhanoa. (82) 

taa'whitaawhi, v.i. hang back. 
Kihai ia i taawhitaawhi, kia 
whakaaroaro ranei, kia aha 
ranei. (164) 

I. Tae, v.i. 1 arrive. Kua tae mai 
a Paoa ki to matou whare. (196) 
2 go; come. He aha koa ra, 
ko koe kia tae; heoi ano. 3 
reach the tUmost lii7iit. Ka tae 
te roa o to kai. (84) Pass. 
taea. 1 be reached. Ka taea 

te taingawui o te ihu. (72) 
Hence often equivalent to as 
far as; utitil. Ka noho ki 
Piako, taea noatia te ngahuru. 

2 be equalled. Kahore he ta- 
ngata e taea ai aTe Horo, te oha. 

3 be effected: be accomjMshed. 
Ka taea e au tenei, ka taea hoki 
e au tera atu aianei. (19) 
Often with an infinitive verb to 
denote the character of the 
action. E kore e taea te whai. 
(144) 4 be overcome; be taken. 
He pa taea. 

"whakataetae, v.i. try strength; 
contend. Ka mea a Tamure 
kia whakataetae ia ki a Kiki. 

II. Tae, n. 1 juice of bruised 
plants. 2 dye. Kua hemo te 
tae o nga kakahu. 

Taeaka, n. a variety of potato. 

Taeka, for taea, see under tae. 

Taeki, v. i. lie. Hei kona taeki 
ai; let it lie there. 

Taematuku, a. ^9Mr?tZem<. Ka 
taematukutia a roto o te mate. 

Taeo, n. thicket of 'kiekie' or 'ka- 
reao.' Me te taeo pirita. 

Taepa, v.i. haoig dow7i. Kei 
hopu tou ringa ki te aka tae- 
pa; engari kia mau ki te aka 
matua. (49) Te taepaepatanga 
o te rangi ; the p>lace ivhere the 
sky hangs doivn to the hori- 
zon. (72) 

taepa, n. fence. 

Taero, v.i. become weak. Kua 
taero noa kua tu a whakamate. 
Compare maero. 

Taewa, n. 1 potato. 2 catarrh. 

TS,ha, n. 1 side. Kei te taha o 
te wai e takoto ana. 2 leaf of 
flax plant. 

taha, v.i. ^:)«ss on one side; go 
by. Ka taha te patu i tona 
angaanga. (91) 




tahataha, n. steep bank of ;i river. 
whakataha, Avhakatataha, v. i. 

(JO oil one side; steal. VVliak.-i- 
tatalia, ana; ko Autahi ano. 

"whakatahataha, v.i. turn from 
side to side. 

TS,lia, n. calabash, with opening 
near the stalk. Katahi ka utu 
te tangata ra i tana taha. (91) 

Tahae, v. t. 1 steal. Akuanei, 
whakapaea iho, na Hotunui i 
tahae. (136) 2 do anything by 

tahae, n. 1 thief. 2 young fel- 
low; person. Z filth. (34) 

Tahake, n. young felloiv ; person. 

Tahaki, n. 1 one side. Haere 
ana te wahine ra ki tahaki tangi 
ai. (83) 2 the shore, regarded 
from the water. Ka tata ki 
tahaki, ka tutu a Tuanui. (113) 

Tahakii, for taku. 

Tahanui, n. a variety of ti 2)CL'ra 
with broad leaves. 

Tahanga, a. 1 naked. Ko tenei 
tangata e noho tahanga nei, 
kahore he weruweru. 2 Binjity. 

tahanga, ad. moderately ; a little. 
Kaua e waiho te wai kia koro- 
pupu : kia werawera tahanga. 

Tahaohao, v. i. cease, of rain. 
Kua tahaohao te ua. 

Tahapa, v. i. 1 pass by. Kua 
tahapa ke te kaipuke. 2 he left 
behind. Kua tahapa kei muri 
te kainga. 

tahapa, a. at an acute angle. He 
awa tahapa; a river which 
makes an acute angle with the 
sea at its mouth. Ha awa ta- 
hapa, ka pai te haere; tena ka 
poupou ki waho, ka kino. 

Taharahara, v.i. be diminished. 
Ka taharahara nga wahie. 

Taharangi, n. a variety of the 
fish moho, of a reddish colour. 

TS,hS,tai, n. sea-shore. 

TahatikS,, n. coast-line. Kei te 
taunaha haere mai a Taikehu 
ma i nga whenua katoa o te 
tahatika. {75) 

Tahatiti, n. peg; wedge; used to 
tighten anything. 

Tahato, a. steep-to, of the shore. 

Tahatu, n. 1 iipper edge of a 
seine or of a canoe-sail. 2 
liorizon. Na taku potiki koe i 
tiki ki te tahatu o te rangi. 

I. Tahau, n, front j)<^^'i of the 

II. TahS,u, pron. for tau, thy. 
Taha'wahawa, v. t. contaminate 

ivith something Hapu.^ He aha 

i tahawahawatia ai e koe nga 

Tahe, n. 1 menses. 2 abortion. 
whakatahe, n. abortion. 
whakatahe, v. t. 1 clear from 

obstruction. Ka whakatahea 

te awa kia rere ai te wai. 2 

lead offiwto a drain. 
Tahe, n. calabash. 
Taheha, n. a small mat. 
Tahei, v. t. divide by a crease or 

narroio stripe. Taheitia te pu- 

tahei, a. divided by a crease or 

stripe. He poaka tahei ; a black 

2ng, with a narrow white stripe 

crossing its back. 
Taheke, v.i. descend. 
taheke, a. qidck. Kia taheke te 

taheke, n. waterfall; rajnd. 
tahekeheke, a. striped; streaked. 
Tahere, a v. t. tie; e?^snare. Ka 

haere ki te tahere huahua ma 

ratou. /3 v.i. hang oneself. 
I. Tahi, a. 1 one. 2 unique; un- 

precedented. E tahi te oha a to 

tangata ! 
tahi, ad. 1 together. Haere tahi 

ana raua ki waho. 2 through- 




out. Tahi mai ano i te ihu, a 
te noko atu ana. (50) 3 alto- 
gether. Piirau tahi to korero. 

II. Tahi, V. t. sroeep. Tahia te 

tahitahi, v. t. 1 scrape. E tahi- 
tahi ana ia i te I'iwai. 2 touch 
lightly. Kahore i tahitahi ki 
taku waewae; i pahemo. 

tahitahi, ad. within a little. Tahi- 
tahi tonu taua ka riri i mua ake 

Tahira, n. 1 the day after to- 
morrow. A tahira te eke ai ki 
uta. (142) 2 the day before 

Tahiwi, n. heart of a tree. He 
rakau tawhito, e man te taitea 
i waho, e tu te tahiwi. 

Tahoata, n. jnwiice-stone. 

Tahoe, v. i. 1 stretch out the arms 
alternately in swimming. 2 
swim. Pass, tahoetia, be swum 
over; be sailed over. Te moana 
e tahoetia nei e te pora. 

Tahoho, a. soft; p)ulT>y. Tahoho 
noa nga pititi nei. 

TahorS,, v. t. gather fruit off a 
tree. Me tahora he matai ki 
ro rahu. 

Tahora, n. u,nctdtivated ojyen 
cotoidry. Kei waenga tahora e 
haere ana. 

Tahoro, v. t. 1 carise to crumble 
down; throw dotvn a heap or 
structure. Tahoroa nga puke- 
puke. 2 pour out. Ka oti te 
tahoro te wai o te karaha. 

Tahu, for tahiihu. 

I. Tahu, n. 1 husband; sjjouse. 
2 any other near relative. Ta- 
ngi-a-tahu; dirge. 

II. T&hu, v.t. 1 set on fire; light; 
burn. Na nga tangata a Puhi 
i tahu te whare. 2 tend a fire. 
Kia pai te tahu o te ahi, kei 
paoa. 3 cook. Tahuna he kai 

kia ora ai te haere. 

Tahiia, n. 1 heap of food. 2 swm 
of money ; fund. 

Tahiihu., n. 1 ridgepole of a house. 
2 line of ancestry. 

tahuhu, V. i. run in a continuous 
line. E tahuhu haere nei ano 
toku ingoa ki toku tupuna ki 
a Manaia. (123) 

Tahuna, n. 1 shoal; sandbank. 
2 seaside ; beach. 3 bed or land 
in a cultivation, divided off by 
furrows. 4 battle-field. Ka 
mate te hoariri, ka riro te ta- 
huna i tetahi. 

Tahiiue, n. pappus of seed of 
raupo or iypha angustifolia. 

Tahunga, n. 1 any downy sub- 
stance. 2 oakunn. 

TahupgrS,, a. false. Ko nga ko- 
rero tahupera ano te tu o nga 
korero inaianei. 

T^hiirangi, n. beings resembling 

Tahuri, v. i. 1 turn oneself. 2 
tU7-n over; upset. Kua tahuri 
te waka. 3 turn to; set to work. 
Tahuri; haehaea te ika nei. 


tahurihuri, n. head. 

Tahuti, V. i. ru7i away. Ka mea 
te wahine nei kia haei'e atu ia, 
kia tahuti. (144) 2 Tahuti 
mail a cry of welcome. 

I. Tai, n. 1 sea. Wai tai; sea- 
tcater. 2 tide. Kia pari te tai 
ka hoe matou. Taitai nunui, 
tai teka, or tai toko; sp>ring- 
tides. Taitai ririki, tai kowa, 
or tai taia; neo.p -tides. Tai 
reporepo; tide kept up by wind. 
Ka pa te upoko o te tai; the 
tide is at its highest. Ka taui 
te tai; it is slack water. Ka 
maunu te tai ; the tide has begun 
to ebb. Ka matauru te tai; or 
Ka hura te mata o te tai; the 




fide has begun to flow. 

II. TS,i, n. a term of address in 
speaking to a married woman. 
E tai ! 

III. TS,i, n. the other side. Kei 
tai atu; beyond. 

IV. Tai. 

taitai, v. t. remove taj>u from a 
newly-built canoe: a ceremony 
accompanied with the slaughter 
of a slave. Hence, 'He taitainga 
waka koe noku' is equivalent 
to ^you are my slave. ^ — Ka tai- 
taia te waka. (112) 

Taia, a. neaj?. 

Taiaha, n. a flat weapon of hard 
wood, about 5ft. long, having 
one end carved in the shape of 
a tongue. 

Taiahoaho, a. very light: gene- 
rally joined with marama, as 
marama taiahoaho. 

Taiamiki, v.i. wander. 

Taiapo, v.t. 1 carry in the arms. 
2 covet. Ka taiapotia te kai- 
nga. 3 take oil to oneself. 

TaiS-pii, v.t. assault; try to take 
by storm. A whea ta taua pa 
te taiaputia ai? Used also of a 
star wlien in close conjunction 
with the moon. Kei te taiapu 
te whetu i te marama. This is 
considered a sign of war, and 
indicative of the success of one 
side or the other, according to 
the position of the star. 

Taiari, v.t. smash. Me he pipi 
taiari. Mango-taiari; a kind 
of shark. 

Taiaroa, a. weary; exhatisted. 
Katahi ka taiaroa ake a roto i 
a au. 

taiaroa, n. 

Ka kawea te taiaroa ki a Apa- 
kura. (44) 

Taiatea, a. faint-hearted; nervous. 
He ngakau taiatea. 

TS,iS,wS,, n. 1 foreigner. 2 ca- 
tarrh ; cold. 3 potato. 

Taia"whio, v.t. go round about; 

Taiepa, n. fence. 

TS,ihgk6, V. i. 1 descend; go down. 
Taiheke rawa te ra, ka tae 
tatou. 2 slope downwards. 
Taiheke tonu atu tera wahi. 

Taiho, n. hea7't of a tree. 

Taihoa, ad. by and bye. Taihoa 
ka kite ratou i ta ratou mahi. 
(141) — E tata mate; e roa 

Taika, v.i. lie in a heap. Kei 
nga mea e taika mai ra. 

Taikaha, a. violent; impetuous. 

Taikaka, n. heart-wood of a tree. 
Ruia taitea, kia tu ko taikaka 

Taikareha, n. the day before 

Taiki, n. 1 rib. 2 wicker basket; 
anything of wickerwork. Ka- 
tahi ka tikina he kareao i 
te ngahere, hei hanga taiki. 


taiki, v.t. p)rovoke an atua by 
passing cooked food over any 
one who is tapu. Compare 

Taikiri, int. expressing surprise 
or alarm. Taikiri ! taikiri ! kore 
rawa nei koe e ki mai ki ahau ! 
(165) Also taukiri, and tau- 

Taiko, n. a bird. 

Taikura, n. heart of a tree; red 

Taima, n. time. 

Taimaha, a. 1 heavy. 2 oppressed 
in body or mind. 

Taimate, n. slack zvater. He 
taimate tenei; ka hoe tatou. 

Taina, for teina. 

Tainahi, or tainau^hi, n. yester- 




Tainakareha, n. the day before 

TainaAvhea. n. what time; inter- 

I'Ogatively, of past time only. 
Taingawai, n. the part of a 

canoe where the water is baled 

TaiomS,, n. pipecZay. 
TS.i6r6rua, n. valley. Kia heke 

tatou ki te taiororua, ka noho. 
Taipara, v. t. fire a volley at. 

No toku whakatikanga ake, ka 

taiparatia mai au. 

I. Taipu, v.t. hetroth. 

II. Taipu, n. sand hill. 

Taipiia, v. i. lie in rounded mas- 
ses or heajjs, as cumulus clouds. 
Compare taupua. 

Tairaki, n. a shell fish. 

Tairangaranga, a. elevated. 

whakatairangaranga, v.i. rise 
u]). Na NGapuhi i whakatai- 
rangaranga ki te riri, koia 

Tairi, v. i. of the sun late in 
the afternoon, when it hangs 
as it were over the horizon. 
Ka tairi te ra. 

Tairi, v. t. block up. Tairia 
te ara. 

Tairo, v. t. cause a tohunga to 
be destroyed by his oivn atua. 
I meatia atu ona mea tapu ki 
roto ki te hangi kai, hei tairo 
i a ia; kia hoki mai ai ona atua 
ki te kai i a ia. 

TairSa, a. lingering ; sj^ending 
much time over anything. He 
tairoa ahau ki te moe. 

TS-ita, n. S7iag ; timber fixed in 
the bed of a river. 

Taitahae, a. oppressive; weary- 
ing. He taitahae te ngaru nei. 

Taitai, see under tai. 

Tait9,ia, a. unlucky in fishing, &c. 

TaitS,iahengS,, n. producing no 
food. He moana taitaiahenga, 

he onge tahi rangi; a proverb, 
for au unsuccessful fishing ex- 

Taitama, n. young man. 

Taitamariki, n. young m,an; 
young perso7i of either sex. 

Taitamahine, n. young woman. 

Taitata, a. 7iear. Kihai ano i 
taitata atu. (151) 

Taitea, n. white wood; sap. 

taitea, a. fearful; timid. He 
manawa taitea. 

Taitei, n. Thursday. 

Taitiia, n. 1 the fui^ther side of 
any solid body. Kei taitua o 
te whare. 2 for tai tua, western 
sea. See tua. 

Taituri, n. dew. 

Taiiiru, v.i. lean; decline from 
the perpendicular. Kia taiuru 
te tu o te taiepa. 

Taiv/haru, n. a fish. 

I. Taka, v.i. 1 fall off. Taka 
ana ki raro takoto ai. (16) 2 
fall away ; desist. Ka taka ra- 
tou ki raro o ta ratou mahi. 

3 turn on a pivot ; revolve; roll. 

4 undergo change in direction. 
Ehara ianei i te aroaro ka taka 
ki te kainga? — Akuanei ka taka 
tonga te hau. 5 go round. 
Kua taka nga waka ki tua. 6 
pass., as a period of time. 7 
fail of ftdfilme7it, as a promise. 

8 range; roam, at large. E 
taka mai ra nga tamariki i 
waho. 9 fall to 07ie's lot or 
tu7'7i. Kua taka mai ki a au te 
mea nui. 10 be completely en- 
circled. Ka awheo te marama, 
ka taka. 

taka, ad. on all sides; rou7id. 

tatakS,, v. i. fall freque7itly or in 

"whakataka, a v. t. 1 throw 
down; cause to fall off. 2 7nus- 
ter: assemble. Kua riro a Te 


Horo ki te wliakataka taua. 3 
surround. Katalii te lioko- 
whitu ra ka whakataka i taua 
whare, a, taka noa. (41) /i v. i. 
take a circuitous course. E 
whakataka ana te ara konihi a 
Te ruhihuia (170) 

whakataka-riri, a. 1 rousing in- 
dignation; vexatious. 2 vexed. 

whakataka, n. herd. Ka taki 
rail nga kararehe i te whaka- 
taka kotahi. 

II. Taka, v. t. 1 prepare. Ma 
nga pononga e taka he kai. 
2 taka whakaaro, mahara, &c., 
entertain a design ; jjropose. 
Ka taka a WHakatau i te 
mahara kia haere ia ki te taki- 
taki i te mate o tona tuakana. 

takataka, a v. t. 7nake ready, p 
V. i. get ready to start. Kei te 
takataka te ope. 

III. Taka, v. i. lie in a heap. 
taka, n. heap). Me huihui a ta- 

tou kumara kia kotahi te taka. 
Taka, n. batten which covers 
the outside or inside of the 
joint of the rauawa of a canoe. 
He taka to waho, he paewai to 

Taka, v.t. fasten a fishhook 
to a line. Katahi a Maui ka 
taka i tana matau. (20) 

taka, n. thi-ead by which the hook 
is fastened to the line. 

Takaawhe, a. circuitous. He 
ara takaawhe. 

Takahe, v. i. go ivrong ; come to 
tiothing. Mehemea ka takahe 
ta korua tukunga ki te pakeha, 
katahi ano ka taea te pana i te 

Takahi, v.t. 1 trample. E ta- 
kahi ana nga tamariki i nga 
kumara. 2 place the foot on 
anything to hold it. Ko te 



171 Takaonge 

wahine tena nana i takahi te 
kauahi, he wahine tapu hoki. 
3 plunder. 4 disobey; violate. 
Kua takahia nga kupu i rongo 
ra ratou. (22) 5 intransitively, 
dance. Katahi ra ka takahia. 
takahi, n. that part of the trunk 
of a tree which is nearest to the 
takahanga, n. 1 circumstance 
&c. of trampling. 2 sole of the 
TakahSa, n. covipanion. 
Takahore, n. 1 widower ; widow. 

2 naked p>erson. 
Takahuri, v.i. roll. 
Takai, v. t. 1 wrajj up; wrap 
round. He mea apoapo e te 
rimu, takai atu, takai mai. (11) 
2 wind round. 
takai, n. wrapper ; covering. 
takatakai, v. t. tvind round and 

TakakS,, n. 1 common fern; 
2^teris aquilina. Ka mate oku 
waewae i te ngaunga a te ta- 
kaka. 2 fibres in fern-root. 
Takakau, n. 1 stalk; straw. 2 

Takakau, a. Ifreef-om business ; 
at leisure. Taihoa e haere, kia 
takakau; kei haere maharahara 
te ngakau. (189) ^ free from 
the marriage-tie. 
Takamingomingo, v. t. turn 
round. Takamingomingo ana 
a raro o te whenua. 
Takamiri, v. i. keep close. Ko 
tetahi mea tera i takamiri ai 
tera i te taha o Te Makarini. 
Takaniti, a. prompt. Kahore i 
takaniti i te taenga atu o te 
TS,kaoi6i, v.i. writhe; roll. 
Takaonge, v. i. be in want. Ta- 
kaonge noa i ro ngahere; koi 




kai, koi aha. 
TS,kaor6, n. ring on the leg of a 

captive bird, to prevent the 

string from cutting it. 
TS,kS,oriori, v. i. ivrithe; roll over 

and over. 
TakapSpS,, v.t. double wp. Taka- 

papaa te kete. 
takapapa, n. mat on which to 

spread cooked food. 
TS,kS,pau, n. mat to sleep on. 

Hurihanga takapau; conclusion 

of the ^pure^ ceremony. Ka 

hurihia te hurihanga takapau; 

ka noa. (22) 
takapau, v.t. set free from Hajni.' 

Ka takapauria. (112) 
Takapu, n. 1 helly. 2 middle of 

a drag-net. 
TS,kapui, a. going about in com- 

TS,kS,piik6, v. t. flant in hillocks. 

Me takapuke nga purapura. 
TS,kararara,utau, n. a pattern 

of 'tukutuku' ornament on the 

walls of a native house. 
TakS,r6, a. eager; strenuous. E 

takare ana ahau ki te haere. 
Takareko, a. threatening rain. 

He marangai, ina e takareko 

Takariri, and ■whakatakariri, 

see under i. taka. 
TakaritS,, v. i. sheiv resentment. 

Kia ata takarita. 
takaritarita, a. vexed; annoyed. 

I. Takaro, ; sport. Pass. 
takarohia, be played with. 

takaro, n. game; play. 

II. Takaro, ad. by-and-bye ; pre- 
sently. Takaro tatou e haere. 

TS,kar', a v.t. mention rejyeat- 
edly. He aha toku ingoa i 
waiho ai hei takaruretanga i 
runga i te ngutu o te tangata? 
/3 v. i. become listless. He taka- 
ruretanga mahi, raahue ake. 

Takatapiii, n. intimate compan- 
ion of the sam,e sex. 

Takatu, a. prepared; ready. Ka 
takatu nga tangata ki te haere. 

Takau, a. sloping abruptly; steep. 

TakS.'waengS,, n. go-between ; me- 

Takawai, v.t. anoint. E taka- 
wai ana ia i tona upoko. 

Takaw^, v. t. sling over the 

TS,kawhS,ki, v. i. roam at will. 
Takawhaki ke noa atu nga 
tamariki: kaore e noho ki nga 

Takawhetawheta, v.i. tvrithe; 
toss oneself. Ka hinga, ka taka- 
whetawheta nga waewae. 

TakaTviri, a. twisted. He rakau 
takawiri; e kore e akoako. 

Take, v. i. absent oneself. Take 
koanga; whakapiri ngahuru; 
Last at ivorh but first at the 

Take, n. 1 root; stump. 2 post 
for the palisading of a pa. 3 
cause. 4 subject of argument, 

taketake, n. 1 lower point of 
the sail of a canoe. 2 stick 
fastened to the end of a seine to 
keep it stretched. 3 lohale-bird ; 
tlie same as hakora. 

taketake, a. 1 well founded; 
firm; lasting. He rongo take- 
take. 2 certain; on good 
authority. Katahi matou ka 
rongo taketake ki nga korero 
mo te matenga o nga tangata o 
Turanga. 3 own. He mahi 
taketake nana. 

I. Takeke, garfish; hemirham- 
phus inter7nedius. 

II. Takeke, a. altogether acquired. 
Takeke noa ngatini kupu maori 
i a koutou. 

III. TS,keke, v. t. make a net. 




Rokolianga atu e an e takeke 
ana i te kupenga. 

takekenga, n. mei^h of a net. 

Takeketonga, n. a fish. 

TS,kere, n. keM of a canoe, &c. 

takere, a. purthj jiUed. 

takerekere, n. thread to la?.h the 
bait on to a fish-hook. Ko te 
takai o te mounu, he takerekere. 

whakatakere, n. 1 bottom of 
deep water; bed of a river. 2 
stragglers from an army or com- 
pany of travellers. 

TakerehaiS,, n. open rent in the 
bottom of a canoe; dangerous 
leak. Ehara i te aurukowhao; 
he takerehaia. Often applied 
to irretrievable misfortunes. 

Taki, v.t. 1 take to one side; take 
out of the way. Ko nga he o 
mua, i uru ano ahau ki roto: 
ko tenei he, me taki au i toku 
tinana ki uta. 2 take food from 
the fire. Ka maoa nga kai na: 

I. Taki, v.t. 1 track; torv with a 
line from the shore; bring along. 

2 begin or contimie a speech. 
Ka takina e Raharuhi ana ko- 
rero ki nga korero o era i"angi. 

3 challenge. Takina te taua. 

4 intransitively, make a speech. 
Kei runga ko Hotunui e taki 
ana; Haere mai e taku tamaiti; 
haere mai ki Hauraki. (139) 5 
recite. E taki ana i nga korero 
mai o mua. 

takitaki, a v. t. 1 recite a song, 
&c. Ka takitakina ona puha. 
2 provoke. Ka takitakina kia 
pamaro ai te haerenga mai ki 
waho o te rua. (151) 3 trace 
out; look for. 4 avenge. E 
haere ana ki te takitaki i te 
mate o tona papa. /3 v. i. 1 
rise. Ka takitaki mai nga ka- 
wainga o te ata. 2 dawn. Ka 

takitaki mai te ata. 

takitaki, n. fence. 

whakataki, v. t. 1 conduct. 
Maku koo e whakataki, kia tika 
fii to haere. 2 begin or continue 
a speech. 3 go in search of ; 
trace out. Ka haere taua ki te 
vi^hakataki i taku kotiro. (48) 

II. Taki, or tatalci, ad. 1 giving 
a distributive force to numerals. 
Takirua; by twos; two at a time. 
2 denoting that what is said 
applies to each one individually. 
Kua takimaumau; they tvere 
every one of them caught. (150) 

Takiekie, n. a kind of eel. 

Takihi, n. kidney. 

Takira, or takirau, n. the moon 
on the 19th day. 

Takiri, a v. t. 1 untie; loosen. 
Hutia te punga, takiritia hoki 
nga ra. (70) 2 disengage the 
fibre of flax. Kei te takiri 
whitau. 3 free from Hapu.^ 
He takiritanga kainga. 4 draw 
away suddenly. Ka takiritia 
mai te taha i roto i te wai. (91) 
5 set in motion a body of men. 
/3 V. i. 1 start convulsively; fly 
back, as a spring. 3 rush; 
charge. Kia paia te takiri. 4 
dawn. Ka takiri te ata. 

TakirikS,u, n. a variety of phor- 
mium tenax, the fibre of which 
is disengaged without the use 
of a shell. See tihore. 

Takitaro, a word denoting a 
short lapse of time. Kia taki- 
taro taua ka haere; we will go 
in a little while. See taro. 

Takitini, ad. in crowds. Kaore 
i tupu Ngatiniaua: papa taki- 
tini i te autaia te takatakahi. 

Takitiiri, n. death-ivatch beetle. 

TakiurS,, n. sacred food ; cooked 
on the occasion of the removal 
of the bones of the dead. 

Takiwa 174 

T&kiwa, n. interval of space, or 

takiwa, v. i. he separated by an 
interval. Ka takiwa noa mai 
te iwi ra. (171) 
Tako, n. jmlate; gums. 
Tako, a. 1 loose. He tako noa 
te aka o te taiepa nei ; kaore 
i mau. 2 jneled off. Ka tako 
te hiako. 
T3,koha, a. 1 spread ahotit ; scat- 
tered. Kei te takoha noa atu 
nga mea o roto o te whare. — 
He takohatanga mahi, a dispers- 
ing from work. 2 free from 
fear or suspicion. Kahore he 
maharahara o tera takiwa; ta- 
koha noa atu nga whakaaro. 
Takoha, n. tax; tribute. 
Takohe, a. not hurried. E wha- 
katakohe haere ana. (170) Com- 
pare takuhe. 
Takohu, n. mist. He takohu hau 

moana, he tohu marino. 
Takoki, a. sprained. Ka takoki 

toku waewae. 
Takora, n. small kumara. 
Takorii, a. hanging in folds; 

TakotS, V. i. 1 lie. E takoto mai 
ra to pukapuka. 2 lie before 
one in the future ; be in j^tos- 
takoto, n. the length from the foot 
to the hand extended beyond the 
head, measured on the ground. 
E ono takoto te roa. 
whakatakoto, v.t. 1 lay down. 
2 plan. 3 plant an ambus- 
cade. 4 whakatakoto tupuna, 
recite genealogies. 
whakatakoto, n. ambuscade. 
takotokoto, n. sprit of a sail. 
Takoto-noa, a. easy. 
Takotowhenua, n. a kind of 

eel ; tlie same as matamoe. 
Tak6u, n. red ochre; a variety 


obtained from yellow earth by 
burning. Ano i taia ki te ta- 
kou te whero. (16) 
Takii, pron. my. pi. aku. See 
a, prep. Taku is equivalent 
to toku. 
Takii, a. slow. He taku te haere 
o te tangata ra : te hohoro te 
tatakii, v.t. utter slowly or de- 
liberately. Tau mahi he ata 
tataku marire i te kupu. 
tataku, n. 1 saying. 2 direction; 

tatS,ku, V. t. threaten behind one's 
back. Kei te takuna koe e 
Turi kia patua. — Kei te takuna 
e Turi he mate mou. 
takutakii, v.t. 1 threaten. 2 
recite incantations. Haere ki 
te ruku ka takutaku ai e koe 
ki te uri o Tuwharetoa. (129) 
Takiiahi, n. stones let into the 
floor of a hut as a fender for 
Takiiate, v. i. sigh. Ka takuate 

noa iho a roto i a ia i te aroha. 
Takiihe, a. secure; withotit ap- 
prehension. ISTa reira ka ta- 
kuhe te haere; na reira ka ma- 
heu te haere. Compare takoha 
and takohe. 
Takunga, n. 1 food of indifferent 
quality. He takunga parae. 2 
ground; pretext. Kia ai he 
takunga ka haere ai. WHai 
takunga ki; have a claim on, 
for services rendered, &c. Enga- 
ri a Piwaka, i whai takunga ki 
a Turi. 
Takiipe, a. quiet; at ease. Kei 
te whakatakupe matou e noho 
nei; kaore he whakaohooho. 
whakatakupe, v. t. pack up. 
Kei te whakatakupe i ona tapu- 
Takiipii, a, short. Me kokoti 




nga manga kia takupu. 

TS,kurangi, a. 2^ointing upwards, 
as a spear, itc. 

Takiiru,, n. thud. 

Takurua, n. 1 Sirius; the dog- 
star. 2 ivinter. Mahia he kai 
mo tau ; mahi.a he wahie mo 
takurua. — He riri takurua ; a 
winter quarrel, i.e. one of no 

Takiirutu, a. feeble; sluggish. 
Kia ata haere tatou i nga taku- 
rutu ; let us go gently on account 
of the feeble ones, i.e. the women 
and children. He wahie taku- 
rutu; firewood that will not 

Takuta, n. doctor. 

Takutai, n. sea-coast. 

T3,ma, n. son; eldest son. Te 
tama a Rehua, ko Kaitangata. 

tamatama, v. t. treat with marks 
of disgust. Ka tamatamatia te 
wahine whakarawai. 

whakatamatama, v.i. be above 
doing a tiling; be too proud. 
Katahi ano te tangata whaka- 
tamatama ki te taka kai. 

TS,niaahu, v. t. remove the Hapu^ 
from a kumara ground before 
taking up the crop. Katahi ka 
tamaahutia te kai. Tututu kai- 
kore; tamaahu kai nui. 

tamaahu, n. first-fruits of ku- 

TS,inaar6a, n. son. 

Tamahana, and -whakatama- 
hana, v. t. cook a second time; 
ivarm iip cooked food. 

TSLmahine, n. daughter. Plural 

TS,inS,iti, n. cliild. Only used in 
the singular. Plural tamariki. 

TamakS,, n. round cord platted 
xcith five strands. (150) 

TSmaki, v.i. start involuntarily. 

TaniS,nga-k6t6rS, n. 1 youngest 

child in a family. 2 next 
youngest brother or sister. 

TamS-oS,, or tamaoka, a. cooked. 
Kia korohuhutia, kia tamaoka 
iho, ka kai, 

tamaoa, v. t. pollute through con- 
tact with, or passing under cooked 
food. Kei tamaoatia te mata o 
te rakau e te kai maoa. 


■whakatamarahi, v. i. boast one- 
self; act proxaily. 

Tamaramara, a. swaggering. 

■whakatainarainara,v.i. 1 strait; 
sivagger. WHakatamaramara 
ana te haere a te tangata ra. 
2 expostulate. I a ia i roto i te 
wai, ka whakatamaramara mai, 
ka mea mai, 'A tama ra, wai ho 
au i Hikurangi.' (111) 

Tamariki, n. 1 child (opposed to 
adult). Waiho kia takaro ana, 
he tamariki hoki u ana. 2 
Plural for tamaiti, children. 

Tamaroto, n. a name used to 
personify one's inner man. 

Tamarii, a. shady ; cloudy. He 
rangi tamaru. 

Tamatea, n. the moon on the 6th, 
7th, 8th, and 9th days; called 
respectively tamatea-tu-tahi, ta- 
matea-tu-rua, tamatea-tu-toru, 
and tamatea-tti-wha. 

Tamau, v. t. fasten. Tamautia 
rawatia te whare; kei waiho 
kia tuwhera. 

Tame, and tametame, v. i. 1 
smack the lips. 2 eat. 

tame, n. food. 

TS,m§ne, v.i. be assembled. Kua 
tamene mai nga tamariki. 

Tami, and tatami, v. t. 1 press 
doivn with anything. Aua e 
tarnia te rahurahu, kei pirau te 
kapura. 2 rejjress. I tamia ra 
hoki e ia taku korero. 

tatam.i, n. vi7ies used to protect 




thatch against the action of 

Tamitami, n. food. Compare 

tamitami, ad. openly. 
Tam.oe, v. t. 1 press flat. E ta- 

moe ra i te rauaruhe. 2 smother; 

repress. Tukua kia puta te 

korero; aua e tamoea. 3 leave 

for a long time in the j)rocess of 

cooking. Tamoea ta tatou po- 

aka kia maoa ai. 
tam.oe, n. kumara used in the 

'tamaahu' ceremony. 
Tam.6mi, v.i. he engidphed. Kua 

tamomi te tangata ki te hu. 
Tam6m.o, v. i. diminish. 
Tamuimui, v. t. throng; crowd 

Tamiimu, v.i. hum. 
Tamure, n. 1 snapper; pagrus 

unicolor; a fish. 2 a variety 

of p>hormiura tenax with obtuse 

Tamutum.utu, a. discontinuous; 

intermittent. Kahore e ta- 

mutumutu te haere o te iwi nei 

ki Turanga. 
Tana, pron. his; her; its. Phiral 

ana. See prep. a. 
Tana, n. ton. 

Tanae, n. a variety of taro. 
Tang, a. male. 
tane, n. husband. Kahore ano a 

Tangotango i mohio ko Tawhaki 

tenei, ko tana tane. (51) — He 

wahine tane; a wom,an who has 

a husband. 
Tane, v. i. eructate (after food). 
tanea, v.i. be choked. 
Tangkaha, n. phyllocladus tricho- 

manoides ; a tree. 
Tanewha, v. i. lie. E tanewha 

niai ra; it lies there. 
Taniko, n. ornamental border of 

a mat. Kahu taniko. (155) 
TS-ni^wha,, n. a fabulous reptile, 

supposed to reside in deep water. 
Tanoi, v. i. be sp>rained. He ta- 

noi toku mate. 
Tanoni, v. i. be sprained. Kua 

tanoni toku waewae. 
Tanu, V. t. 1 bury. I tanumia ki 

roto ki nga hutinga huruhuru 

manu. (95) 2 plant. 
Taniiku, v. i. 1 crumble down. 2 

swallow saliva. E tanuku ana 

te korokoro i te wehi. 
taniikiinuku, v. i. move about; 

Tanumi, v. i. disappear behind 

an object. Kua tanumi ki tua. 
taniimi, v. t. fold double. 
Tanga, v.i. be assembled. Tanga 

kau nga tamariki a Rewa. See 

also under ta. 
tataiiga, a. quick. Me whaka- 

rite nga hoe kia rite rawa, kia 

tatanga ai tatou te puta ki 

waho. (170) 
tangatanga, a. 1 loose; not tight. 

Ka tangatanga nga pou o te 

whare. ^ easy ; free frovi pain. 

Ko toku tinana ka tangatanga; 

kei oku waewae anake te ma- 

mae. 3 quick. 
Tangaengae, n. umbilical cord. 
Tangaere, v.i. tvander; stray. 
Tangahangaha, n. a fish. 
Tangai, n. 1 bark; peel. 2 cer- 
vical vertebrce. 
Tanganei, ad. (for tena ko 

tenei) but now; hut as for this. 
Tanganga, a. loose; not tight. 
tanganga, n. stragglers ; camp 
follotvers. Hokowhitu te iho o 

te taua; ma te tanganga ka 

TangS,ngS,o, v. i. subside. Ka 

tangangao te ngaru. 
Tangange, a. limp; drooping. 
TangarS,, a. loose. 
Tangare, a. angry. 

Tangaroamua 177 

■whakatangarengare, v.i. grotv 

Tangaroamua, n. the moon on 
the JJ^th day. 

TSngaroaroto, n. the moon on 
the '2')tJi day. 

Tangata, n. man; human being. 
He tangata ano i reira, ko nga 
tangata wlienua ake ano o tenei 
motu. (123) 

tangata-tawhito, water-hen or 

Tangatakimori, a. small; insig- 
nificant. Kahore i tangata- 
kimori te putanga mai o taua 

Tangeo, n. tetranthera calicaris; 
a tree. 

tangeo, a. acrid. Tangeo tonu 
te taro nei. 

Tangere, n. keel of a canoe, kc. 

Tangi, v. i. 1 cry; give forth a 
sound. E tangi he pu i nga po 
katoa, ko au tena. (131) 2 
weep; titter a plaintive cry, as 
a token of grief. Haere ana te 
wahine ra ki tahaki tangi ai. 
(83) 3 sing a dirge or lament. 
4 cry, as a token of affection. 
Kia ata tangi tatou kei rongo 
mai aku hoa. (97) 5 sahcte. 
Kahore ana kupu mai, ko te 
tangi kau mai; heoi ano. 

tangi, n. 1 sound. Te tangi o 
nga pu a Tutanekai. (130) 2 
lamentation. Katahi ka whaka- 
huatia iho e te tungane tana 
tangi. (34) Tangi-a-tahu, 1 
lament for an absent spouse. 2 

tatangi, v.i. jingle; rattle. 

whakatangi, v. t. cause to sound. 
Ka whakatangi au i taku ko- 
auau. (76) 

"whakatangitangi, n. a species 
of ■metrosideros. 

Tangita, v.i. lie. E tangita mai ra. 


Tang6, v. t. 1 take up; take in 
tlie hand. Ka tango ia i tetahi 
luia o taua rakau, ka panga iho. 
(t6) 2 take away; remove. 
Tangohia te puru o te whati- 
toka, o te matapihi. (47) 

tatango, v. t. snatch one from 
anotlier. E tatango ana nga 
tamariki i te kakahu. 

tangotango, v. t. handle; have 
recourse to; use. Tena, tango- 
tangohia etahi o a koutou kara- 
kia. (158) 

tangohanga, n. 1 circumstance, 
&c., of taking. 2 betrothal; 
marriage. 3 feast given on 
occasion of betrothal or mar- 
riage. 4 acquisition of wealth. 

tangotango, n. rail of a fence. 

Tangongo, a. thoroughly ripe or 
cooked; sojt. 

Tangorb, a. 1 loose. 2 7iot dis- 
tended; not full. Tangorongoro 
noa te kete nei. 3 having the 
skin loosened; blistered. Ka 
tangorongoro a roto o toku 

Tangorungorii, a. thoroughly 
ripe or cooked; soft. 

Tangoungou, a. thoroughly ripe. 

Tangurii, a. deep -toned; gruff. 
He reo tanguru. 

tanguru, n. a tree. 

"whakatanguru, v. i. murmur. 

Tangiitungutu, a. 1 large. 2 

I. Tao, n. spear. 

II. Tao, a V. t. cook in a native oven. 
Ka patua nga kuri e rua, ko- 
tahi i taona. (112) (i \.\. con- 
tain food in process of cooking. 
Ka tao te hangi tapu. (173) 
WHakataona ta tatou umu. 

tatao, v.i. 1 remain a long time 
in the process of cooking. Te 
tatao o te umu nei; te hukea. 
2 lie flat and close. Te kohu e 

Tao 178 

tatao ana i runga i te wlienua. 
3 he deep. Kia tatao tonu te 
ono o te kopura. 4 droop. Ka 
tatao te tuara; ka mate. 5 
bleed at the nose. Ka tatao 
taku ihu. — E tama, lie iliu ta- 
tao koe. 

III. Tao, pron., 1st person dual, for 

Taokete, n. man's brother-in-law ; 
woman's sister-in-law. 

Taone, n. toivn. 

Taopiiku, v. t. cook anything 
ivrapped up in leaves, &c. 

taopuku, n. leaves in wliicJt food 
is tvrapped for cooking. 

Taonga, n. property; treasure. 

Taoroa, n. long spear. 

Taorii, a. soft; yielding. Taoru 
kau ana te puku. 

taoruoru, a. boggy. 

Taotu, n. wounded man. Toko- 
ono i mate rawa; tokotoru nga 

TS-pa, n. margin; edge. 

Tapa, V. t. 1 call ; name. Koia 
i tapaa ai toku ingoa e te iwi 
nei ko Tatau. (46) 2 command. 

tapatapa, v. t. call by the name of 

Tapa, and tapapa, v.t. pulverize 
soil. Kei te tapa te mara o 
Paratene. — Me te mara tapa te 

tapa, a. chapped. Ka tapatia te 

Tapae, a v. t. 1 lay one on an- 
other; stack. Ma wai e tapae 
nga witi ki te whakapu? 2 
place before a person; present. 
Tapaea he kai ma te manuhiri. 
P V. i. lie in a slanting position. 

Tapahi, v. i. grin; distort the 
countenance. "E tata tapahi; 
e roa te whakatu." 

Tapahi, v.t. cut; chop. 

tapatapahi, v. t. cut to p)ieces. 


Tapahipara, n. a bird. 

Tapai, n. part of a net which is 
first put into the water. Kia 
whiti atu te tapai ki ko. 

Tapairu, n. 1 first-born female in 
a family. 2 nephew or niece. 
3 senecio glastifolius ; a shrub. 

Tapaki, n. mats or leaves on 
which food is laid in a native 
oven. Ka kohia ki te tapaki 
nga kai. (173) 

Tapakuri, n. basket. 

Tapakuwha, n. 1 2}7-esent given 
by a bridegroom to the bride's 
relations. 2 ivoman introduced 
into a family by marriage. 

Tapanihi, v. i. 1 go stealthily. 
Tapanihitia to tatou haere, kei 
kitea. 2 go on one side. Tapa- 
nihi atu ma te taha o te wai na. 

Tapapa, v.i. 1 stoop. Kia ta- 
papa te haere. 2 lie flat. 3 
brood; sit. E tapapa nei te 
manu i runga i nga hua. 

Tapararo, n. north wind. 

Taparenga, v.t. muzzle. Tapa- 
rengatia te waha o te kuri. 

Taparu, v. t. 1 join ; add. Ta- 
paru iho, taparu iho nga tahua 
o te kai. 2 eat voraciously. 
Kaua e taparu a te kai. 

Taparuru, a. slow. Aua e tapa- 
rurutia te haere. 

Tapatahi, a. 1 not dotibled. He 
kakahu tapatahi. 2 having one 
aspect ; single. 

Tapatai, n. sea-shore. Kei te 
tapatai e tupu ana. 

Tapatapatiu, n. west-north-ivesi 

Tapatapauma, n. 1 coprosma 
grandifolia ; a shrub. 2 grise- 
linia littoralis ; a tree. 

Tapatu, V. t. thatch ; cover in a 
roof. Kei te tapatu a Pakai i 
ton a whare. 

tapatupatu, v. t. j^l'^c^ *^ layers; 

Tapatu 179 

lay one on another. 

TS,pS,tu, v.i. reach the bottom. 
Kia tapatu ki raro ka taliuri 
ai ki te tunu kai. 

Tapau, n. mat to lie on. 

Tapawaha, n. tattooing on the 

Tapeha, n. rind ; bark ; skin. 
He mea tiliore te tapeha o te 

tapeha, n. false. 

■whakatapeha, v. t. 1 falsify; 
pervert. I whakatapeliatia ke- 
tia e ia te ahua o nga korero. 
2 give the lie to. I whaka- 
tapeliatia ra e te Mokena a 
Matete ; i kiia ra te arero, he 
arero taiaha. 

I. Tapeka, v. i. turn aside. Ko- 
tahi te walii i tapekatia. 

tapeka, a. false ; er^roneous. 

II. Tapeka, v. t. turn tip clothes 
that they may not be an im- 
pediment in travelling. Ko nga 
weruweru, he mea tapeka ki 
runga i te kaki. (146) 

Tapeke, v.i. be gone, or come, 
leaving none behind. Kua ta- 
peke atu nga tangata. 

Tapena, v.t. itisult or irritate an 
'atua' by passing food over a 
person who is 'tapu.' Ko wai 
te tohunga i tapenatia e koe ki 
nga kai na? 

Tapepa, v. i. totter ; falter. Kua 
tapepa te waewae ; meake hi- 

Tapepe, v. i. 1 slij^ ; stumble. Ko 
te wahi tenei e tapepea nei. 
2 make a mistake in repeating 
a 'karakia.' 3 speak indistinctly 
or inarticidately. He reo ta- 

Tapere, a. 

He whare tapere, a house used 
for meetings of the 'hapu.' Ka 
huihui nga whare tapere. (131) 


Taperii, v. i. pout. He aha nga 
ngutu o te wahine e taperu 
niai na? 

Tapi, n. native oven. 

tapipi, n. small native oven. 

Tapi, V. t. patch ; mend. Tapia 
to tatou waka. 

tapitapi, v.t. 1 get together the 
remains of a scattered army. 
2 munmir at ; find fault with. 
I tapitapia ahau e te tangata 

Tapiki, a v. t. 1 lay hold of. Ka- 
tahi ka tapikitia e ia tana aho. 
(21) 2 hind into a sheaf or 
bundle. f3 y.i. 1 be entangled. 
Ka tapiki te kupenga. 2 bend 
the leg as in stepping over 
anything. Tapiki tou waewae 
ki tua o te rakau na. 

tapiki, n. sheaf; bundle. 

Tapiko, V. t. set a trap. I he te 
tapikotanga o te tawhiti. 

Tapipi, see under tapi. 

Tapiri, Y.t. join; add; append. 

tapiri, n. 1 anything added or 
appended. 2 vigorous shoot 
growing up beside the main 
stem of a plant. Ka tupu nga 
tapiri o te karaka nei. 3 assis- 

Tapoa, n. abscess. 

Tapoi, V. i. be travelled round. 
Kua tapoi i a au te motu nei. 

Tapokere, v. t. crotvd with work- 
men. Tapokeretia mai ta taua 
mara kia awe te oti. 

Tapoko, V. i. 1 go in ; enter. 
Ka pari te tai, katahi ka manu, 
a ka tapoko ki Hauraki. {189) 
2 sink in mire. 

tapokopoko, a. soft ; boggy. 

Tapora, v. t. collect 'inanga' &c., 
into small baskets, ready for 

tapora, n. baskets in which 'inanga' 
are cooked. E rua nga tapora 




paruparu a te tangata nei ; pau 
katoa. (190) 

Tapore, v. i. 1 hend ; sag. Ka 
tapore nga heke o te whare 
nei. 2 become faint. Tapore- 
pore ana taku manawa i te 

Taporena, n. taiyauling ; ivater- 
proof coat. 

Tapoto, n. a variety of ])hormuim 
tenax, called also tihore and 

Tapotii, V. i. reach the bottom of 
a hill Ac; reach to the ground ; 
he brought down to the water. 
He kakahu tapotu. — 'Toia Tai- 
nui, tapotu ki te moana.' 

T&p6u, a. dejected ; doivncast. Te 
titiro koe, he morehu, kei te 
tapou ton nga whatu. 

Tapu, n. tub. 

Tapu, a. 1 under religious or 
superstitious restriction, as 
chiefs, ' tohunga,' newly-built 
houses, canoes, &c. Any one 
violating this restriction con- 
tracted a 'hara,' and was 
certain to be be visited by 
some great calamity. 2 beyond 
one's jiower. Tokowha ona hoa 
i kainga katoatia e ia : kotahi i 
tapu, ko Tawhiri. (7) 3 sacred; 
h oly. 

taputapu, n. 1 goods ; property. 
2 ajjpliances. E mahi ana te 
hunga i noho i runga i a ratou 
nei taputapu, i te karakia. (154) 
^ foot of a pig. 

Tapuae, see tapuwae. 

Tapuhi, V. t. 1 tiurae ; carry in 
the arms. Tapuliitia te tamaiti 
nei, kei tangi. 2 tend in sick- 
ness or distress. Kei tawhiti 
taku tapuhitanga i a koe e noho 

whakatapuhi, v. t. carry in the 
arms; nurse. 

Tapiii, n. 1 Ultimate companion. 
2 familiar spirit. Waiho iho 
ona tapui i reira, he patupaia- 
rehe. (80) 

tapui, V. t. lay in a heap. He 
mea tapui nga rakau. 

Tapuke, a v. t. hury ; cover with 
earth. f3 v. i. be heaped ujy. 
Ka titiro ki nga jiungarehu e 
tapukepuke ana. (186) 

Tapuke, n. hillock. 

Tapiikorako, n. a bird. 

Tapuni, v. t. close up fatdty places 
in a net. Tapunia te kupenga. 

Tapu"wae, n. 1 footmark. 2 foot- 
step ; tread. Ka haruru nga 

Tapu^wae-kotuku, n. gleichenia 
Cunning Jiamii ; a fern. 

Tara, n. 1 point ; spear-point. 
Ka whati tana tara. (33) 2 
p)eak of a mountain. Te tara 
ki Tautari. 3 spines in the 
dorsal fin of a fish. 4 rays of 
the sun, appearing before sun- 
rise. Puta rawa mai te tara o 
te ra, kei runga o Pouarua e 
haere ana. (144) 5 papillce on 
the skin. 6 courage ; mettle. 
He tangata whai tara. 7 mem- 
brum virile. 8 sterna frontalis ; 
tern ; a sea-bird. 9 side-wall of 
a house. 

tara, a v. i. 1 throw out rays, as 
the sun just before rising. 2 be 
brisk. Ka tara te karakia, ka 
ngahau ; he tohu ora ki te riri. 
(i V. t. iitfluence by charms. Ka 
taraa te rangi. 

tara, a. Korero t&va., fable. 

taratara, n. 1 spine; spike. 2 
a part of a trap. Te taratara 
o te tawhiti. 

taratara, a. prickly ; rough. 

tatara, n. 1 rough mat made from 
the leaves of kiekie. 2 shell 
used as a wind instrument; 


called als() pu-tatara. S/otce. 

4 a shrub. 
t§,t9,r9,, a. 1 loose; untied. 2 dis- 

tant. He mea nei te tane ka 

tatara ki tawliiti. 3 qiiick; 

active in movement. 4 making 

an ijidistinct sound. 
whakatara, v. t 1 challenge; jnit 

on one's mettle. 2 stim^date by 

entreaty. Ka whakatai'aa te 

atua. (112). 
•whakataratara, v. t. make 

rough ; notch. 
Tarahanga, n. 1 fork of a tree. 

2 indentation. 3 traj) for 

hawks, ikc. 
Tarahau, n. a rough mat. 
Taraheke, n. o'ubiis australis; 

a plant. 
Tarahi, n. diarrhcea. 
Tarahono, v. t. pi^e iip; lay in a 

heap. Tarahonotia nga kai ki 

te kainga. 
Tarahou, n. net. 
Tarahu, v. t. heat a native oven. 

Tar ah una te tapi. 
tarahu, n. native oven. 

I. Tarai, v. t. chop with an adze. 
Ka tarai ano nga tangata ra i 
to ratou waka. (51) 

II. Tarai, n. basket of fern-root. 
Ka rua tekau nga tarai roi. 

Taraire, n. nesodap>hne tar aire; 

a tree. 
Tarake, v. t. clear off; siveep 

atvay. Tarakea nga otaota. 
Tarakihi, n. 1 chilodactylus ma- 

cropterus ; a fish. 2 cicada; 

the same as tatarakihi. 
Tarakini, a. held by the poiiit. 
Tarakoi, n. a kind of grass. 
Tarakura, n. a cutaneous disease. 
Taramaro, n. 1 a kind of grass. 

2 south-icest ivind. 
Taramatanui, a. of low pitch, as 

a roof. 
Taramaui, n. 2^<^'t^<^^ sp. 

181 Tarawahi 

Taramga, n. spear - grass ; aci- 

phylla squarrosa, ikc. 
TaramengSmgngg, a. crisped; 

Tarambrg, a. Iea7i; slirv^nk; 

Tar AN AT A, n, talent. 
Taraniii, n. pasjmhim scrobicida- 

tum; a grass. 
TS.rangarS,ra, n. gahnia lacera; 

a plant. 
Tarapi, a. very small and fine, as 

threads in a mat. 
whakatarapi, a,, fastidious ; deli- 
Tarapiki, v.i. lie across. E tara- 

piki ana nga rakau nei. 
Tarapo, n. a large night-bird. 
Tarapu, n. stirrup. 
Tarapunga, n. tvhale-bird. 
Tarapuremii, n. tail of an eel. 
Tararau, v. i. 7nake a loud con- 

fised noise. Tararau ana tera 

te waha o te tangata. 
Tarari, n. tvhirligig. 
TararS, n. mass of mashed Jood. 

He tararo pipi. 
Tararua, a. 1 having two jwints 

or peaks. 2 cleft. 
Tarata, n. pittosporum eugenio- 

ides; a tree. 
Tarau, or TARAUTETE, n. trowsers. 
Tarau, v. t. jmddle sideways. Ta- 

rautia atu te waka kia pii'i ki 

Tarau, n. condiment; relish. Ho- 

mai te koura na hei tarau mo a 

taua puwha. 
TarS,uh6, n. heart of a tree. 
Tarauma, n. chest; thorax. 
Tarawa, v.t. hang upon a line 

or rail. 
tarawa, n. line or rail on which 

anything is hung. 
Tarawahi, n. side or hank of a 

I'iver, valley, &c. Kei tera 

tarawahi te kainga. 

Tarawa! 182 

Tarawai, n. iiiievenness in the 
liorizoii-Une at sea. WHaka- 
tarawai ana te waka; the canoe 
is like a speck on the horizon. 

Tarawera, n. a plant. 

Taraweti, a. hostile. Nona hoki 
te taraweti ki a au. 

whakataraweti, v.t. treat as an 
enemy. Eliara au i te pakeha, 
kia whakatarawetitia rawatia 
au e koutou. 

Tarawhiti, n. hoop. 

Tare, v. i. 1 hang. E tare mai ra 
i runga i te taiepa. 2 gasp for 
breath. E tare ana a Potopoto 
i te mamae. — Tare ana taku 
poho. — Ka onia, ka taretare te 

whakatatare, or whakatare- 
tare, v. i. stoop or lean forward 
in oi'der to look at anything. 
E whakataretare iho ana i ru- 
nga i nga pakiaka o te rakau 
kia kite i a te Kanawa. (i8o) 

TarehS,, n. ochre. 

Tarehu, v. t. cover tvith earth; 
bury. Tarehutia atu nga kai 
na ki te oneone. 

Tarehu, ad. at unawares. Ma- 
mae ana te ngakau ki o tatou 
hoa e patua tarehutia mai nei e 

Tarei, for tarai. 

Tareka, a. eager; strenuous. 
Compare takare. 

Tareka, v. i. be attained; be ac- 
complished. Compare taea. 

Tareke, n. small edge-tool. 

TarengS,, v. t. cover up. Me 
tarenga noa a tatou mea ki te 

TS,repa, a. incomjjlete; wanting 
in number. E toru rau te Hau- 
hau ; tarepa te wha. 

Targparepa, v. i. flap in the 
wind. Tukua te ra kia tarepa- 


Tarerarera, v. i he torn. Tarera' 
rera ke, he wahi ano, he wahi 

tarerarera, n. short spear ; dart. 

Tarere, v. i. flow copiously. 

Tarete, n. thread. 

Tarewa, a. 1 raised uj). Hapai- 
nga kia tarewa ki runga. 2 
afloat. 3 hanging. 4: drooping; 
trailing. Ka tarewa te tupu o 
te kapana. 5 declining. Ka 
tarewa te ra. 6 aghast. Ka 
tarewa nga kanohi. 7 unsettled; 
not paid for. He mea mamae 
te taonga tarewa : kia ea ano 
ka ora te tangata. 

I. Tari, v. t. carry. Taria atu 
nga rakau nei ki ko. 

II. Tari. 

taritari, v.t. pr-ovoke a quarrel. 
whakatari, v. t. 1 provoke a 

quarrel. 2 incite; stir up. E 
whakataritari ana i a Te Kahu- 
reremoa kia whakatika ki runga 
ki te haka. (145) 3 exjMse to 
chastisement. Nau ano koe i 
whakatari i mate ai. 

III. Ta,ri. 
tatari, v.i. wait. Ka tatari te 

manuhiri nei ki te tangata o te 
ahi nei kia hoki mai. (186) 
Pass, taria, be waited for. Ko 
koe e taria nei e Kohere ma. 
Taria is also used as an adverb, 
hy-and-hye ; after a time. Taria 
nei he mate e pa mai ki a Tu. 
(6) See also tatari. 

IV. Tari, n. 1 a mode o£ platting 
with eight strands. 2 iioose for 
catching birds. Ka hangaa he 
tari, a ka hoatu ka potaeria ki 
tona upoko. (33) 

Tariana, n. stallion. 
Tarikarakia, n. a method of 

platting. (19) 
Tarik6, a. dusky; darkish. 
Taringa, n. 1 ear. Taringa o 




Tiakiwai; hirncola polytricJia; 
a fungus. 2 derivative from 
tari. See i. Tari. 

taringa, a. deaf; obstinate. Tari- 
nga iioa iho ki te ngare a te 
liunga o raliaki. (23) 

Taringa, n. cirmimstance of wait- 
i)i(f. See tatari under iii. Tari. 

TS,rioi, v. i. loiter. E kiia atu 
ana Haere; e tai'ioi tou na. 

Taritari, a. ivet and cold. Some- 
times used witli maku, as 
maku taritari. 

I. Taro, n. 1 colocasia antiquoru7n ; 

a plant cultivated for food. 
Among varieties are Makatiti, 
with pale green leaves ; Upoko- 
tiketike, pale, but rank in 
growth; Akarewa, with pur- 
plish leaves; and Pongi, like the 
last, but with a white edge to 
the sheath. "Kei ranga noa te 
taro a Kea," is a proverb for 
attempting impossibilities, "te 
taro a Kea" being a large stone 
at Taiporutu, near Table Cape. 
— Taro hoia, a large variety of 
taro. 2 bread. 

II. Taro, a word denoting the lapse 
of a short interval of time. A, 
ka taro; and after a little while. 
Taro ake; in a little ivhile. 
Taro kau iho; in a very short 
time. (188) Kihai i taro; not 
long after. (162) 

III. Taro. 

tarotaro, v. t. cv,t Okie's hair. Kua 

oti koe te tarotaro. 
Taroa, n. 1 a variety of "phor- 

mium tenax, the same as wha- 

ranui. 2 self-sown jyotato. 
Taroi, v.t. 1 tie up in a 'kete.' 

He utu mo te kai taroi kapana. 

2 calm. Ka taroia te moana. 
TS,ronia, a. soft ; flaccid. Ka ta- 

roma noa nga pititi nei. 
TarSna, v.t. strangle. "VVaiho 

mana ano ia e tarona. (159) 
Tarore, v. t. put into a noose ; 

strangle. Ko wai he matua 

mou, kia tarore koe i toku 

TSrori, v. i. pif^^^^ away quickly ; 

disappear. Me te wai e tarori 


I. Tarii, n. 1 grass ; hei-bage. 2 a 
kind of moss, used as a scent. 
3 disease. Taru-tawhiti, influ- 
enza, supposed to be of foreign 

tarutaru, n. grass. 

II. Taru, a. other (indefinite). 
Ka haere ka tore i taru kainga. 

I. Tarua, v. t. 1 tcottoo a second 
time. 2 re^Jeat any process. 

II. Tarua, ad. by-and-bye. Perhaps 
for taria. 

Taruhae, a. jealous. 

I. Taruke, n. trap for crayfish. 

II. Taruke, v.i. 1 press along im- 
jmtiently ; hurry. Katahi ka 
tau te kuri nei, ka taruke ki te 
rere ki te wai. (120) 2 throto 
oneself on the ground. 3 lie 
dead in great numbers. 

tarukenga, n. slaughter. 

Tariina, v.i. be connected by 
family ties, friendship, &c. Na 
te huanga matou i taruna ai ki 
a Takirau. 

whakataruna, v.i. be connected. 
Na taku wahine au i whaka- 
taruna ai ki Ahuriri. 2 serve 
as a bond of connexion ; serve 
as a 2^retext. 

Tariipi, n. fresh growth of trees 
on land that has been cleared. 

Tarure, v.i. 1 become loose or 
unfixed. 2 quail ; lose heart. 
Kua tarure te Hauhau, kua 
mataku. 3 become listless. He 
taruretanga malii. 4 laiiguish; 
be pursued with diminished 
vigour. Kia tarure te riri a 




Waikato raua ko te pakeha. 

I. Taruru, v. t. 1 he(juile. I taruru a 

e iiga korero maha. — entice. I 
maka he koura ki ro wai hei 
taruru mo te ika. 2 shake or 
7-ub together. Tarurutia nga 
riwai na kia ngahoro te nga- 

II. Taruru, a. dose together. 
Taruru, a. shaking. No reira 

ano te taruru haere nei. 

Tarutawhiti, n. influenza. 

Tarutu, v.t. jerk violently. Ma 
tona kaha a ia ake ano e taru- 
turutu. (159) 

Tata, n. 1 stalk of a plant. 2 
fence. 3 shin. 4 a small net. 

Tata, a. 1 near of place or time. 
E tata koe ki uta, e oioi te ika, 
e rere ki te taha katau. (36) — 
Kia tata ki te awatea ka hoki 
iho ki te purupuru i te whare. 
(47) — Kei ko tata atu; a little 
further on. — Haere tata atu 
ana; he went a little further. — 
Muri tata iho; shortly after- 
wards. 2 sudden. WHawhati 
tata te panga mai o te mate. 

tatata, a. near. Kia tatata mai 
nga tangata ka karanga ai. 

tatata, n. a kind of mat. 

Tata, see under ta. 

Tataeko, n. a bird. 

Tatahau, v. i. 1 he fierce ; be 
violent. Hei wahi ke korua 
tatahau ai. 2 he stormy. Akua- 
nei pea tatahau ai te rangi nei. 

tatahau, n. leg. 

I. Tatahi, n. the sea-side. Kei ta- 
talii tena otaota e tupu ana. 

II. Tatahi, a. wide apart. He ta- 
tahi rawa nga rakau o te taiepa. 

Tatai, v. t. 1 measure ; comj)are. 
Tataia te whare kia tika ai. 
2 tatai rakau, measure weapons; 
fight. 3 joiti the component 
2)ortions of a fishing net. Ka 

tukua te tangata ki te tatai i 
nga kupenga a Marutuahu. (142) 

tatai, n. pZ«/i ; jmrjMse. He 
tatai pai aku tatai. 

Tatairongo, n. a variety of po- 

Tatakanga, n. derivative from 
tata; circumstance, etc., of dash- 
ing doivn. See under i. ta. 

Tatakau, a. having stems or stalks 
only ; tvithout fruit. 

Tataki, v.t. 1 arrange snares on 
a string, for catching birds. 2 
attach the battens on the roof 
of a house to a cord, to keep 
them in place. 

tataki, n. cord to which battens, 
lire, are fastened. 

tataki, a. viscous; glairy. Ta- 
taki ana te ware o te mangai. 
2 racy. Tataki ana tera te 
kaki o Te Rire ki te korero. 

Tataki, ad. distributive. See 
under taki. 

Tatakino, v. i. hurry on in con- 
fusion. Mua ata haere ; muri 

Tatakoto, n. sjyrit on the lower 
edge oj the sail of a canoe. 

Tataku, see under taku. 

Tatanga, see under tanga. 

Tatangi, see under tangi. 

Tatango, see under tango. 

Tatao, see under tao. 

Tatara, see under tara. 

Tatarahake, a. 1 bristling. 2 
having numerous hare branches. 

Tatarakau, n. a kind of eel. 

Tatarakihi, n. cicada ; locust. 

Tataramoa, n. 7-ubus australis ; 
Keiv Zealand bramble. 

Tatarawhare, n. a variety of 
kokopu ; a fish. 

Tatari, v. t. strcdn ; sift. 

tatari, n. str-ainer ; sieve. 

Tatari, see under tari. 

Tatariki, n. a small bird. 




TatS,u, pron. for tatou ; ire. in 
("ludiiiy the person addressed. 

Tatau, see under tau. 

Tatawhainga, v. i. vie ; co?npete. 

Tatemea, conj. because. 

Tatere, a. 1 moving about ; wrj- 
settled. Tatere tonu taua, te u 
te noho, te aha. 2 loose ; un- 
fixed. Ka tatere te pou o te 

Tatou, pron. we ; plural, includ- 
ing the person or persons ad- 
dressed. E kore koe e noho 
marire tatou? Will you not 
remain quietly with us? (14) 

Tatu, V. i. strike 07ie foot against 
the other ; stumble. Taku ma- 
hititanga ake, he tatu anake 
toku waewae. 

tatutatu, a. tottering ; unsteady. 
Tatutatu kau nga waewae. 

whakatatutatu, v. t. agitate ; 

Tatu, V. i. 1 reach the bottom. 
Ka tatu te hoe. 2 be at ease ; 
be content. Ka tatu tona nga- 

whakatatutu, v. t. sound with a 
line. Me whakatatutu ki mua, 
kei eke te kaipuke. 

Tatiia, n. girdle. Te tatua o 
Hikakawa ; food. 

tatua, v.t. put on as a girdle. 
Ka whakahua i tana karakia 
mo tana tatuatanga i tona maro. 

Taturi, n. ivax in the ear. 

I. Tau, n. 1 year. Tau tini noa 
e noho ana te ope ra. (158) 
2 string of a garment, &c. ; 
loop or thong on the handle of a 
'mere': /oop forming the handle 
of a basket. Te tau o te ate; 
a figurative expression for the 
darling of one^s heart. 3 ridge 
of a hill. 

II. Tau, a. strange. Used only 

in a few compound words, as 
tautangata; tauiwi ; tauwhenua, 

III. Tau, v.t. sing. Ka tau te 
tini o te Hakuturi i tana tau. 

tau, n. song. 

IV. Tau, a V. i. 1 light ; rest. Tau 
noa atu ia i te matapihi o te 
whare o Tinirau. (33) — E tau 
mai ana tana titiro ki a au. 2 
lie at anchor or moorings. Ka 
tae ki te Tihi-o-Manono, tukua 
iho te punga, e tau ana i reira. 
(69) 3 be suitable ; become. 
E kore e tau te kakahu pakeha 
ki a koe. 4 be possible. 5 bark. 
Katahi ka tau te kuri nei. (120) 
/? V. t. attack. Ka haere te taua 
a NGatiawa ki te tau i te pa o 
taua tangata. (182) 

tatau, a V. t. 1 draw or push a 
sliding board, &c. Tauia mai 
ra te papa o taku whare. (28) 
2 squeeze; express. Kua tapeke 
a matou pononga ki te tatau 
taweku. 3 count. Ka tatau 
ano te wahine ra; tatau rawa 
iho, 6 waru ano taro. (49) 
repeat one by one. E tauria 
ana e koe o ratou ingoa. (11) 
'Dassault; storm.. K a tauria te 
pa o te WHakatohea; kihai i 
taea. 5 tie. Tauia to tatou 
ra. fi V. i. quarrel. E tatau 
ana nga tangata. 

tatau, n. door. Tola ake te ta- 
tau kia tuwhera. (66) 

tautau, a V. t. tie in bunches ; 
thread on a string. Me tautau 
nga kanga kia maroke ai. /^ 
V. i. howl. Haere tautau ana 
te kuri ra. 

tautau, n. 1 string or cluster. 2 
greenstone ear-ornamerit hooked 
at the end. 

whakatau, v.t. 1 cause to light, 




»fec. Titiro whakatau; look in- 
tently. Katahi ano taua ta- 
ngata ka titiro whakatau atu. 
2 attemjyt; try one's hand at. 
Katahi ano tona papa ka whaka- 
tau epa ake. (i6) 3 imitate. 
Ko wai tau e whakatau nei. 4 
feign; make believe. 5 go to 
meet or visit. Ka ki ake ki ana 
tamariki kia hoki atu ki Maketu 
ki te whakatau i ana whanau- 
nga. (78) 6 search; examine. 
Ka haere mai ki te whakatau i 
reira. 7 address in a formal 
speech; make a formal proposal 
to. Heoi ano te putake o ta 
matou korero, he whakatau i a 
koe kia noho. Whakatau-a- 
ki, saying ; proverb. 

I. Tau, pron. thy. Plural au. See 
preposition a. 

II. Tau, V. i. turn aivay ; look in 
another direction. E ta! tau 
ke atu koe 1 tahuri mai ra ! 

Taua, pron. dual, ive two, includ- 
ing the person addressed; yoii 
a7id I. Sometimes used in ad- 
dressing one's own tribe or 
party. E te taua nei, hei te po 
taua hoe ai. (41) 

I. Taua, n. hostile exjyedition ; army. 

Ka rewa te taua a WHaka- 
taupotiki. (41) An avenging 
expedition, summoned immedi- 
ately after the occurrence of 
the disaster to be avenged, was 
called "taua toto," or taua wlia- 
whati rau rakau. "Taua ngaki 
mate" was a more deliberate 

II. TauS,, pron. that before men- 
tioned. Plural aua. Ka hui taua 
iwi ki te matakitaki. (37) Some- 
times when followed by nei it 
is equivalent to 'a certain.' 
Tutaki ana i taua wahine nei e 
wero manu ana mana. (95) 

II r. Taua, int. give way. 

Taua, V. i. wear mourning gar- 
ments. E taua ana koe? 

taua, n. sign of moitrning for the 
dead. He kakahu taua; a 
mou rning-dress. 

Tauapo, v. t. 1 hug; carry in the 
arms. Tauapohia mai te ta- 
maiti na. 2 take all for oneself. 

Tauarai, n. screen. 

Tau ERA, n. toivel. 

Tauhanga, see tauwhanga. 

Tauhara, n. odd one; one having 
no fellow. 

Tauhena, see tau^whena. 

Tauhi, V. t. sprinkle. 

Tauhikii, v. i. be in the rear. 

■whakatauhiku, v. i. place one- 
self in the rear. Na te toa ia i 
whakatauhiku ai. 

Tauhinu, n. pojyiaderris j^hylici- 
folia; a shrub. 

tauhinu-korokio, n. cassinia 
Icptopliylla; a shrub. 

tauhinu-koromiko, n. a shrub. 

Tauhdkai, n. stake in a river to 
which a net is fastened. 

Tauhonehone, v. t. snatch or 2?ull 
from one another. 

Tauhou, a. strange; unacquainted. 
He tauhou te whenua, he tau- 
hou te tangata. (148) 

Tauhouanga, n. last year. 

Tauhii, n. for tahuhu. 

Tauhutihiiti, v. t. ^;w/^ one an- 
other's hair. Kei te tauhutihuti 
i a raua. 

Taui, v.i. 1 be sprained. Ka taui 
toku waewae. Also of a stiff 
neck. Ka taui toku kaki. 2 
begin to ebb. Meake taui te 

Tauihii, n. figurehead of a canoe. 

Tauira, n. counterjyart ; and so 1 
teacher ; pattern. 2i pupil; copy. 
Ka mauru tona ngakau i te ika 
a tona tauira. 

Tauiwi 187 

Taviiwi, n. sfranr/e tribe ; foreiyn 

race. Ko Waikato kau tera e 

rere ra; ho tauiwi anake e nolio 

mai ra. 
Tauka, int. stay ; tcait a ivhile. 
Taukaea, n. thread used to fasten 

a fish-hook to the line. 
Taukahore, int. expressing sur- 
prise. Taukahore! nga mea 

nei, te pine! 
Taukaka, n. s]mr of a hill. 
Taukauki, n. spur of a hill. 
Tauka"we, n. loop to serve as a 

Tauke, v. i. lie separate. Me 

tauke tena pehanga. 

■whakatauki, n. saying ; proverb. 
Taukiri, int. expressing surprise. 
Taukiuki, a. of long standing; 

Taukoro, n. a large basket. 
Taukorii, a. having the folds 
filled out. I titiro au ki tou 

kakaliu ka taukoru i te riwai. 
Taukuri, for taukiri. 
Taumaha, a. heavy. See tai- 

taumaha, v. t. repeat a '•karakia' 

over anything. See example 

under whakapaki, (p. 122). 
Taumahekeheke, v. i. strive one 

icith another for the possessio7i 

of some object. 
Taumaihi, n. 1 facing-boards of 

the gable of a house. 2 small 

toicer in a pa. 
Taumanu, n. tlitvart of a canoe. 
taumanu, v. t. take possession of 

another's goods. 
Taumaro, a. obstinate. He tau- 

niaro no Tohi te mau ai te 

Taumaru, a. shaded. Taumaru 

ana to tatou kainga. 
taumarumaru, a. 1 shady. 2 

overshadowing; overha^iging. 


Te taumarumaru o te pari nei 
ki runga ki a taua! Akuanei 
taua t(^ horoa ai. 

Taumata, n. broiv of a hill. 

Taumatakitahi, v. t. select a 
champion for each side in fight- 

Taumatiia, n. place where the 
'pui'e' for a kumara plantation 
was performed. 

Taumau, v. i. be betrothed. No 
te itinga tenei wahine i taumau 

Taunaha, v. t. bespeak. Kei te 
taunaha haere mai a Taikehu 
ma i nga whenua katoa o te 
tahatika. (75) 

Taunahiia, n. obstacle. 

whakataunahua, /ores to^^ in the 
occupation of land. 

Taunu, v. t. jeer. 

Taunuke, n. stalk of fruit. 

Taunga, v. i. 1 become familiar- 
ized; become intimate. Ka hoki 
te teretere nei, kua taunga ki 
te kotiro i tukua atu ra e tona 
matua. (143) 2 be at home in 
a place; become domesticated. 
Ka taungatia matou ki tenei 

taunga, n. bond of connexion be- 
tween families. Ko wai te tau- 
nga i taunga ai koutou ki kona? 

Taupa, V. t. obstruct; prevent. 
Kihai au i haere; i taupatia au 
e te tangata i te po. 

taupa, n. fat covering the intes- 
tines ; omenttim. 

Taupare, v. t. obstruct; thwart. 
E ngaro nei nga tangata, he 
riri ki a koe, he taupare i a koe. 

Taupata, n. coprosma Baueriana ; 
a shrub. 

Taupatiipatu, v. t. beat one an- 

Taupe, a. 1 iiot rigid; weak; 
bending. 2 variable. 




taupe, V. t. hend dorvn. Taupe- 
tia mai te rakau na kia taea 
atu ai e au nga hua. 

Taupiripiri, v. i. walk arm in 
arm, or clasjnng one another 
round the waist. 

Taupo, n. loadstone. 

Taupoki, v.t. 1 cover; close with 
a lid. Taupokina te pouaka. 2 
tur7i bottom ujnvards; and so, 
turn over soil in digging. 

taupoki, n. 1 lid; cover. 2 lintel. 

Taupopoia, n. loop or handle 
attached to an eel-pot, &c. 

Tauporo, v.t. bring to an end; 
cut short. Kua tauporoa te 
tuwha i nga kai. 

Taupua, v. i. 1 rest ; support 
oneself. Ka taupua nga tangata 
ki runga ki te takers o te waka. 
2, float on the water. Ka kau i 
te moana, a, ka ngenge, ka 
tuapua. 3 take breath. Kotahi 
tonu te haerenga ake i raro, a, 
taupua rawa atu, i te tihi ra 

Taupiihipuhi, v.i. lean one on 

Taupurii, a. overcast ; gloomy. 
He rangi taupuru. 

Taura, n. rojye ; cord. Taura 
whakaara, fore-stay of a canoe 

Tauraki, n. drought. 

tauraki, v.t. dry by exposure to 
the sun. 

Tauranga, n. moorings; place of 
anchorage. See iv. tau. 

Taurangi, a. 1 incomplete. Hei 
aha te whakaatu taurangi? 2 
having com,pIetion in prosj^ect. 
Ki taurangi; jn'omise; jjledge. 

Taurapa, n. stern-post of a canoe. 

Taurapirapi, v.t. claw one an- 
other; scratch. 

Taurariia, n. tvitchcraft. 

Taurekareka, or taurereka, n. 

1 captive taken in war; slave. 

2 scoihndrel. 

TaureTva, a. 1 having no settled 
habitation. 2 not paid for. 
He taonga taurewa. 

Tauri, n. ornament of feathers on 
a taiaha. 

Taurima, v.t. ente?-tain. I wa- 
rea ki te taurima i tana manu- 

Taurite, a. ojyjjosite. Kua tau- 
rite ki te kainga o tenei 

Taurii, n. west wind. 

Tauriia, n. canoe in which a net 
is carried. 

Taurumarumaki, v. t. duck one 
another in the water. 

Tautaawhi, v.t. come to the 
assistance of ; support. 

Tautahi, n. odd one. E waru 
pu tautahi; eight couples and an 
odd one. 

Tautaka, a. top-heavy ; unsteady. 
Tautaka ki to tatou waka. 

Tautane, a. Mara tautane ; ku- 
mara ground set apart for the 
atuas to secure their goodwill 
with regard to the rest of the 

Tautapa, v.i. 1 give the word for 
action. Katahi ka tautapa te 
whakahauhau a te hunga e tu 
iho ra i te taumata, 'E, kua 
ngaro kei roto: kumea.' (151) 
chant a song for the purpose 
of keeping time in any united 
effort. 2 challenge. I te tau- 
tapa riri te hunga na ki a au. 
— Riri tautapatapa; single com,- 
bat according to jjrevious chal- 

Tautara, n. stick to support a 
fishing line. 

Tautari, n. upright stick in the 
wall of a native house, sup- 
porting the small battens to 




wliich tlie reeds ;ire fastened. 

tautari, v.t. fix the tautari. Kei 
to tautari te wliare o Tuke. 

Tautau, see under tau. 

Tautaua, a. 1 inactitie. Me aha 
i to tautaua o nga tangata o 
tenei kainga? 2 coivardly. Te 
ingoa o tcna tautaua, he to- 

Tautauamoa, a. He riri tautau- 
anioa ; a quarrel in which few 
take jKirt. 

Taute, v.t. 1 prepare fish for 
cookiny. 2 tend; look after. 
Hoki marire atu ki uta nga 
waka o te mano ra, ki uta hoki 
taute ai i a ia. (41) Kei muri 
te tangata tetere nei e taute 
ana i a ia. 

whakataute, n. anything that 
one lias to attend to ; charge. Ko 
ana whakatauteute, ko tana 
wahine, ko ana tamariki ka riro 

Tauteka, n. 1 brace; projy. 2 
pole on which a weight is car- 
ried between two persons. 2 
piece of wood used to twist up 
the lashing of anything in order 
to tighten it. 

tauteka, v.t. 1 suppoj-t with a 
])rop. 2 carry 07i a pole. 3 
tighten by twisting. 

Tautika, a. even; level. 

tautika, n. boundary. Ko te 
tautika tenei o te kainga. 

Tautimai, int. Welco7ne.^ 

Tautinei, v. t. hold up, or support 
a weak person; uphold a cause 
or party. Ko koe te mea e 
tautinei ana i tera taha. 

Tautiti, V. t. sicpport an invalid 
in walking. 

Tautiti, v.t. stick into one^s belt. 

tautiti, n. belt; girdle. Kia mau 
te tautiti ote taua; wait till the 
girdle of the war party is 

fastened ; i.e. until the crops are 
gathered in. 

Tautohe, v. i. contend : 2^6rsist. 

tautohetohe, v. i. contend one 
ivitli another. E tautolietohe 
ana nga waka ra. 

Tautohito, n. adept ; person of 

Tautoko, v.t. ptrop up; support. 

Tautoro, v. i. stretch forward; 
extend oneself. 

Tautiiku, v. i. 1 stoop ; bend 
down. 2 be lotv. Nekeliia ake 
tena ki runga; kei te tautuku 
rawa ki raro. 

Tautiitetute, v.i. jostle one an- 

TS,U"ware, v.i. touch without at- 
tracting notice. Heoi ano, tau- 
ware atu nga ringaringa ki 
runga i te pane hokomirimiri 
ai. (159) 

tauware, n. 1 thwart of a canoe. 

2 space between two thwarts. 

3 space betiveen the 'riu tainga 
tvaV and the boiv or stern of a 

Tauwehe, v.i. be separated. Ka 

haramai tenei ka tauwehe. 
Tauwhainga, v.i. contend; vie. 

E tauwhainga ana te waka ki 

te poti. 
Tauwhanga, v. t. Uirk for. Ki 

te tauwhanga i te tangata i 

tarai nei i to ratou waka. (51) 
Tau"whare, v. i. overhang. I 

raro i nga tauwharenga ko- 

whatu^ (_i33) 
Tauwhatoto, v. i. ;)w/Z one 

against another. 
Tauwhatii, n. fishing net. 
Tauwhena, n. of small stature ; 

Tauwheniia, n. strange land. 
Tau"whir6whir6, v. i. be near the 

chaiige. Kei te tauwhirowhiro 

te marama. Compare "whiro. 




Tauwhiwhi, v. i. he entangled. 

tau'whi-whi, v.t, fasten up a 

Tawa, n. nesodcq^hne tawa; a 

tawatawa, n. mackerel; scomber 

ta'wata'wa, a. striped like mac- 
kerel. Me te anuhe tawatawa. 


Tawa, n. ridge. 

Tawae, v.t. 1 divide; separate. 
Tawaewaetia te ahi kia ka ai. 
Tawae taro; separate young tu- 
bers of Haro.^ 2 throw down 
standing crops. Taku kanga, 
pau katoa te tawae. 

Tawaha, n. bed in a garden. 

Tawaha, a. having an unpleasant 
taste. Ka tawahatia toku ma- 

Tawahanui, n. 7io7-th tvind (Bay 
of Plenty). 

Tawahi, n. the opjjosite side of 
a river or valley. E liaere ana 
kia wliiti ki tawahi o te awa. 

Tawai, n. canoe without attached 

sides; Hitvai.' 
Tawai, v. i. 1 jeer; tau7it. Aua 

ra e tawaia te tangata na. 2 

steep in vegetable dye. 
Tawai, n. fagus Menziesii, and 

fagus fusca ; trees. 
tawaiwai, n. phyllocladus tricho- 

manoides ; a tree. 
Tawaka, n. large grey duck. 

He parera tawaka. 
Tawaka, a. grooved; channelled. 
Tawake, v.t. repair a hole in a 

canoe. Tawaketia to tatouwaka. 

Rau tawake" ^^iece of wood in- 
serted to stop a hole ; patch. 
Tawao, n. 1 a herb used for food. 

2 carmichcelia sp. ; a shrub. 
Tawapou, n. sapota costata; a 


Taware, v. t. diqje; cajole. He 
taware tana i o tatou mahara. 

Tawari, n. ixerba brexioides; a 

tawari, v. t. opjjose a claim to 
land, &c. 

Tawari, a. 1 almost broken off: 
hanging by the skin, &c. 2 
ivearied; exhausted. 

tawari wari, a. bending from side 
to side. 

Taw^atawa, see under tawa. 

Tawatu, n. oven of cockles. 

Tawau, n. milky juice of plants. 
Me rami ki te wai kia hemo ai 
te tawau o te panahi. 

taw^auwau, n. 1 a fish. 2 a 
kind of net. See rangitahi. 

Tawauri, a. dark; black. 

Tawe, n. weight on a cable to 
pi-event an anchor from drag- 
ging. Kahore he tawe mo to 
tatou punga. 

Taweka, v. t. carry round the 
neck, as clothes, &c., to keep 
them out of the way in travel- 

taweka, n. incumbrance; hin- 
drance. He aha te tawekaweka 
i runga i a Te Matehe? 

I. Taweke, v. i. be all gone or 
come; he entirely consumed. 
Ko te whakataweketanga tenei 
o nga kaumatua e noho nei. 

II. Taweke, v. t. set snares for 
birds. Tatou ki te taweke i 
a tatou kaha. 

taweke, a. connected by relation- 
ship, friendship, &c. Na wai 
koe i taweke ai ki konei? 

taweke, n. sonclms asper; large 
sotv-thistle. The same as rau- 

Tawekti, n. coriaria ruscifolia; 
a shrub, the same as tiitu. 

Tawera, n. 1 the morning star; 
the planet Venus. 2 burnt 




place in a wood, etc. 

Tawere"wgre, v.i. han<j. 

Tawerii, u. yarmeiit; ra;/. 

Ta^vewe, v. t. 1 sound witli a 
line. 2 examine the bottom of 
the sea or a river by dragginy, 
to ascertain its freedom from 
obstructions. Haere, tawewe- 
tia te taanga mo te kupenga 

Tawiri, n. 1 a shell-fish. 2 eel-net. 
3 cowardice. No reira ka mau 
nei liei tawiri. (67) 

Ta'wha, v.i. h^lrst open; crack. 

tawha, n. 1 crack; chasm. 2 
cahibash. Compare taha. 

Tawhai, n. a tree. 

Ta'wha!, a V. i. sty-etch forth. Kau 
tawhai; stretch forth the arms 
alternately in swimming. (3 
v.t. imitate; rival. E kore e 
taea te tawhai te whare o 

Tawhaki, v. t. gather fruit. 

Ta'whana, a. bent like a, bow. 

Ta'whao, n. copse-ivood. 

tawhao"whao, n. drift-wood, &c., 
cast up by the sea. NGa ta- 
whaowhao te akau roa. (11) 

Tawhara, a. wide apart. Kia 
tawhara te ko o te mara. 

tawhara, n. flower bracts of 
freycinetia Banksii or kiekie. 

Ta'wharara, a. 1 leaning; slant- 
ing. 2 declining (of the sun). 
Ka tawharara te I'a. 

Ta-wharau, v. t. shelter with 
branches stuck into the ground. 
Ko tona waka, toia ake ki uta; 
tawharautia ake. (56) 

Tawharu, v.i bend doivn in the 
middle; sag. Kei tawharu iho 
te tahuhu. 

Tawhati, v. i. ebb. Kua tawhati 
te tai. 

ta^whati, n. valley. 

Ta-whe, see taa^whe. 


tawhetawhe, n. old garment; 
ray. Kua kore o matou tawhe- 

Tawhenua, n. land wind. 

Tawheo, a. circuitous. He ara 

Ta"whera, a. op^en; gaping. Ta- 
whera katoa te waewae o Wai- 

tawhera, n. leaf. 

Tawhero, n. Weinmannia race- 
mosa ; or HowaV ; a tree. 

Tawheta, v.i. 1 dangle. 2 be 
listless. 3 lie together ; lie in a 
heap. Ka tawheta nei nga 

Tawhe'wheo, n. quintinnia ser- 
rata ; a tree. 

Tawhi, see taa^whi. 

Tawhi, n. food. E kore e o atu 
te tawhi maori. 

Ta'whio, v.i. 1 yo round about. 
2 be in an out-of-the-way situa- 
tion. He tawhio te kainga ki 
roto. 3 be travelled round. Ka 
tawhio i a ia tera motu. 

Ta^whiri, v.t. beckon; wave to. 
Tawhiritia te ope ra kia haere 
mai. 2 bid welcome. E haere 
atu ana te tangata, ka pa te 
tawhiri. (139) 3 whirl round; 
wring the neck by whirling 

tawhiri, n. pittosporum tenui- 
folium; so called from its being 
waved as a demonstration of wel- 
come. Ko te tawhiri kua oti 
te whakarewa hei whakakakara 
i te whare. (192) 

Tawhiro, v.i. turn. Te tawhiro 
mai, te aha. Compare tahuri. 

Tawhiti, n. snare; trap. 

I. Tawhiti, a. 1 distant; widely 
separated, in space or time. 
Nawai i tata, a ka tawhiti noa 
atu, ka tawhiti noa mai. (70) 




2 hospitable ; generous. Ka- 
tahi ano te tangata tawhiti ! 

tawhiti. n. 1 « distant locality; 
a distance. Kua riro ki ta- 
whiti. 'Kei tawhiti' often signi- 
fies matchless ; unrivalled. Kei 
tawhiti tou manawanui. 2 
man; fellow; a familiar term. 
Te whakatikanga ake o taua 
tawhiti raka. (65) 

II. Tawhiti, v. i. for tahuti, run 
away. Kua tawhiti taku ta- 
rn aiti. 

Tawhito, a. old. 

Tawhiu, v. t. drive together ; hunt 

tawhiuwhiu, v.t xvhirl round 
and round. 

Tawhiwhi, v.i. he enttvined, or 
entangled. Ka tawhiwhi tepua- 
wananga ki nga manga o te 

Te, art. plural nga. 1 the. 2 
with verbs (a) it may form an 
infinitive ; Kihai i taea te ko- 
rikori. (143) — (/3) or a gerund; 
Hei utu mo ta ratou tukunga 
i a ia ki te whawhai. (7) — (y) 
or it may be repeated from 
tera or tenei earlier in the sen- 
tence, when the action is im- 
perfect. Tera a Hineiteiwaiwa 
te titiro niai ra i runga i te 
whare. (62) 

I. Te, apparently compounded of 
te and the verbal particle e. Ko 
koe te mohio ana; for Ko koe 
te [mea] e mohio ana; You are 
the 2)erson who knoivs. 

II. Te, ad. not. To noa, to noa, te 
taea. (76) — Te ai he aha hei 
whakaohooho mai. (117) — Ka- 
hore ano maua i puta atu i te 
whare o Hohaia i te kitea wa- 
wetia he tangata hei kani papa 
whare mo maua. 

III. Te, v.i, crack; emit a sharj) 

explosive sound. 
IV. Te. 
tete, v.i. exert oneself. Tete noa 

koutou ki te mahi kai, era e 

whai kai? 
tete, n. 1 figure-head of a canoe 

witliout arms or legs. 2 canoe 

tvitli, plain figurehead. 
whakate, v. t. squeeze fluid o%U 

of anything. Me whakate te 

puku kia hemo ai te pirau ki 

whakatete, v.t. milk. 

I. Tea, a. white. 

tetea, v. i. gnash the teeth. 

II. Tea, ad. interrogative, where. 
Tea mea ma 1 

Tehe, n. membrum virile glande 

I. Tehea, pron. interrogative, 
which. Ko tehea to koutou 
waka? PI. ehea. 

II. Tehea, ad. interrogative, ivhere. 
Tehea toku kakahu? 

Teihana, n. station. 

Teina, n. 1 younger brother of 

a male. 2 younger sister of a 

Teitei, a. high ; tall. 
teitei, n. summit. 

I. Teka, a. false ; lying. He 
korero teka. 

tekateka, a. confoxmded ; gene- 
rally witli 'noa,'as, tekateka noa. 
whakateka, v. t. disbelieve. 

II. Teka, v. t. drive forwards ; 
xirge on. 

teka, n. 1 sm^all dart thrown for 
amusement. 2 projecting part 
of a ' ko,' by means of which it 
is forced into the ground by 
the foot. 3 a kind of karakia 
or charm. 

teka, a. Tai teka; spyring-tide. 

w^hakatekateka, v.i. 1 play 
ivith Heka' dart. '2, play at any 




tetSkS,, a. munhed. Ka teteka 
oku ringaringa i te matao. 

whakateteka, v. i. desire; in- 
tend; meditate. E whakate- 
teka ana ia ki te whawhai. 

Tekaha, conj. but then. E hoki 
ana te Hauhau i Taureka; te- 
kaha ko Rongowhakaata, ka- 
wea ana ki Patutahi. 

Tekau, a. ten. 

I. Teke, n. pudenda muliehria. 

II. Teke. 

whakateke, v. i. deal deceitfully. 
Ehara tenei i te whakateke 
naku; he tika tonu. 

Teki, n. outer fence of a pa. 

teki, V. i. drift with the anchor 
dotvn but not touching the bot- 

whakateki, v. t. suspend so as 
not to reach the ground. Me 
whakateki tena papa. 

Teko, n. rock. 

tekoteko, n. carved figure on the 
gable of a house. Te whaka- 
tikanga o Tangotango, tu ana i 
runga i te tekoteko o te whare. 


Temara, n. thimble. 

Temepara, n. temple. 

Tena, pron., plural ena or ana, 
near or connected with the per- 
son addressed ; that ; this. Hei 
aha tena wahine i hahauria ai e 
korua? (185) 

tena, conj. but. Kaore nga mea 
o Hawaiki i poto hei whaka- 
tuputupu i te wahine ; tena, mo 
nga tane, i poto katoa; nga mea 
iti, nga mea nunui. Tena ko 
tenei ; but on the other hand. 

tena, ad. there; here. He wai 
ano tena? The usual greeting 
"Tena koe" may be literally 
rendered, ^Here you are!' as 
much as to say, '/ am glad to 
see you.'' Tena is often used to 

invite co-operation, or to en- 
courage or urge on a work — 
Come now. Tena, tatou, ka 
here i te ra kia ata haere ai. 
(18) Or again, to give emphasis 
to a demand. Tena, he aha te 
tohu o tou ekenga mai? (122) 

tena, v. t. encourage ; urge for- 
ward. Tenatia ana e aua wa- 
hine ko te kai ma te mahi. 

whakatenatena, v.t. encourage. 

I. TSne, a. invented. He kupu 
tene noa ake tenei kupu. 

II. Tene, v.i. be importunate. E 
tene mai ano pea ki tetahi 

■whakatenetene, v. t. annoy ; 
provoke. Hore i te whakatene- 
tene mai o te taurekareka 
nei ! 

Tenei, pron. this; near the 
speaker. Ko tona ara tenei e 
puta ake ai. (54) Plural enei 
or anei. 

tenei, ad. 1 here. Tenei ra to 
maua nei kainga. (165) 2 now. 
Ko tenei, e tama, he iwi kino 
te iwi nei. (141) Kua tata tenei 
ratou te u ki uta. 

Teneti, n. tent. 

T6n5, a. notched. Kia teno te 

Tenga, n. pomum Adami; the 
prominent part of the throat. 

Tengi, a. three. 

Teo, n. stick. 

teo, v.t. stick into the ground. 

teoteo, n. 1 a small kind of shag ; 
the same as aroarotea. 2 the 
female of prosthemadera Novce 

Tepara, n. 1 table. 2 stable. 


whakatepe, v. t. do in order 
without any omission; do com- 
pletely. WHakatepea te mahi. 




TSpStepg, n. 1 clot of blood, &c. 
2 jelly-fish. 

Tepu, n. table. 

Tera, pron. that; away from 
either the speaker or the person 
addressed; that other ; the other. 
Ka hui tera iwi ki te mataki- 
taki. {145) Tera tau; last 
year, or next year. Often used 
for the personal pronoun. Ka 
ki mai tera, Kei te ata tonu. (90) 

tera, ad. there. Tera ano tetahi 
pa nui onamata. (166) 

Tera, n. saddle. 

Tere, v. i. 1 drift from moorings. 
Ka tere to tatou waka i te hau. 
2 float. E tere tonu ana ia i 
runga i nga kiaka. (143) 3 
move swiftly. Ka nui te tere o 
to koutou kaipuke. 4 he quick. 
Kia tere mai he kai whakahoki 
mai i te korero. 

tere, n. shoal of fish. 

tetere, a. large; swollen. Ka 
tetere taku matihao. 

teretere, n. company of travellers. 
Ka u mai he teretere no Aotea. 


teretere, v. i. he liquid; flow; 

Terepii, v.t. deport; carry off in 
a body. 

Tereti, n. slate. 

Tetahi, pron. 1 one; a; a cer- 
tain. Ka whakatika tetahi o 
nga rangatira o te ope ra. (154) 
2 another. Ka karanga mai 
tetahi tangata, Me au nei te 
alma? (61) 3 som,e. Kawea 
atu tetahi wai mo te manuhiri. 
(168) Plural etahi, some; 
some others. 

Tete, V. i. stand fixed in the 
ground. NGa rakau e tete mai 

tete, n. head of a spear. 

whakatete, v.i. 1 molest ; annoy ; 

quarrel with. He whakatete 
kainga; a quarrel about land. 
2 act waywardly or perversely. 
E ta ! whakatete tonu koe ki te 

Tete, see under te. 

Tetea, see under tea. 

Teteavreka, n. olearia angusti- 
folia; a shrub. 

Tetehi, for tetahi. 

Teteka, see under teka. 

Tetere, n. trumjiet. 

Tetere, see under tere. 

Teure, n. fruit of kiekie, or 
freyciiietia Banksii. 

Tewe, n. 1 membrane of the fcetus. 
2, fermented juice of the tutu. 

te"wetewe, n. for ta^watavra, a 
fish like mackerel. 

tewetewe, a. wet; dripping. 

TewhS,, n. a 'karakia' used at 

tewha, V. t. perform, the 'tewha' 
over a field at planting-time. 
Ka tara te kai tewha o te mara, 
ka tara ano hoki nga kai-hapai 
i nga ko 

te"whate"wha, n. a weapon made 
of wood, broad and flat at one 
end, something like the head of 
an axe. 

Ti, n. 1 cordyline of several 
species. Ti haere; ti trees ap- 
jjearing to change their position. 
(84) Considered to forbode 
evil. Ti-mataku-tai, ti kapu, 
or ti toi; cordyline indivisa. 
Ti kouka; cordyline australis. 
Ti ngahere, or ti torere; cordy- 
line Banksii. Ti para ; a 
species cultivated for food. 2 
a game. Ti ringaringa; played 
with the hands. Ti rakau; 
played with a ball. 

ti, or titi, V. i. 1 squeak. Ka titi 
mai te kiore i roto i te raupo. 
2 tingle. Titi ana nga taringa. 




titi, n. 1 mutton-bird. He aha 
koe i haei'e mai ai ki a au hei 
titi mo to ahi? — "He titi wha- 
iigainga tahi." 2 u])perviost 
lines of tattooing on the fore- 

Ti, n. tea. 

I. Tia, v.t. stick in; drive in. Me 
tia nga pou o te teneti. 

tiatia, v.t. 1 drive in pegs, &c. 

2 adorn hy sticking in feathers. 

Kua herua ake taua tangata ra 

i te po, kua tiatiaina ki te rau- 

kura. (97) 
tia, or tiatia, n. joe^; stake. 

II. Tia, n. abdomen. 

III. Tia, a. 1 hoiv great. E tia tou 
humarie! (164) 2 frequent. 
He tia hokihoki mai nou. 

Tiaho, V. i. emit rays of light; 

shine. Ka tiaho mai te ahi. 
Tiaka, n. dam; mother. 
Tiakakahi, a. on the meridian, 

spoken of the sun. 
Tiaki, v. t. 1 guard; keep. I a 

au e tiaki ana i te whare, ka 

puta mai a Ponui. 2 watch 

for ; wait for. Kei tatahi ia e 

tiaki ana i te waka o Karihi 

kia u mai. 
Tianga, n. mat to lie on; called 

also tienga, or takapau. 
Tiarg, n. scent. Tau ana te tiare 

i te raukawa. 
Tiari, v.t. hang up). Me tiari ki 

waho, ki te rakau. 
Tiaroa, n. long straight side. Te 

tiaroa o te pa. 
Ttati, n. judge. 
Tieke, n. 1 a bird; creadion 

caruncidatus. 2 a black mat. 
Tiemi, v.i. 1 play at see-saw. 2 

he unsettled; be cast adrift. 

Tenei te iwi ka tiemi, ka 

Tienga, n. mat to lie on. See 


TiepS,, V. i. hang loosely. Me 
tiepa noa ake tona kakahu. 

Tiere, n. scent. Tena rawa te 
tiere te haere na, ara te ka- 
kara o te tawhiri. (193) 

Tihahiihahu, v.t. scatter about. 

Tihaere, n. a pole with a snare 
arranged on it, baited with 
flowers, for catching birds. 

TihauorS,, n. a plant. 

Tihg, v.i. sneeze. 

Tihei, v.t. carry a burden on the 
back, holding it in place with 
the hands. Tiheitia nga kai nei. 

TiHEMA, n. December. 

Tiherii, v. t. bole water out of a 
canoe, &c. Tiherua te wai o te 

tiheru, n. vessel to bale with. 

Tihewa, v.i. sneeze. 

Tihi, n. summit. 

tihi, v.i. lie in a heap. Tekau 
nga taro e tihi ana i tona aro- 
aro. (49) 

tihi tihi, a. idling ; trifling. 

Tihoi, V. t. expand the middle of 
a mat in the tveaving by insert- 
ing threads in the woof which 
do not run through to the 

Tihoihoi, a. noisy. He kotiro 

Tihoka, v.t. 1 stick in; thrust 
in. Tihokatia atu te maripi ki 
te raupo. 2 shelter by sticking 
small branches into the ground. 

tihokahoka, n. temporary shelter 
made with branches stuck into 
the ground. 

Tihore, v.t. 1 strip off. Tihorea 
te kiri o te rakau. 2 peel; take 
the skin off. 

tihore, n. the best variety of 
phormium tenax, prepared with- 
out the use of a shell. 

TihSri, v.i. go or pass on one 




TihSu, n. au implement used as a 

TikS,, a. 1 straight; direct. Ko 
te ara tika tena. 2 keeping a 
direct course. A, tika tonu atu 
ki te korokoro o te Parata. (72) 
3 right; just; fair. Ka rongo 
ia kei te tika nga kupu (42) — 
E tika hoki ! a form of express- 
ing thanks. 

tikanga, n. 1 rule; plan; method. 
Ka rapua e ratou he tikanga 
hei mamingatanga ma ratou i a 
Kae. (37) 2 custom. Tona 
tikanga mai tenei o mua iho. 
(47) 3 reason. Ko te tikanga 
o te Huhuti, i pai ai ki a Te 
WHatu-i-apiti, he pai no Te 
WHatu-i-apiti. (165) 4 mean- 
ing; purport. Te tikanga o 
tena tau, he kohuru. 5 au- 
thority ; control. Kahore ona 
tikanga ki ena taonga. 

■whakatika, a v. t. straighten. (3 
v.i. straighten oneself; stand 
up; rise up); s^ar^ on a journey. 

'Whakatika, n. way ; path. 

Tika, n. phormium tenax; ordi- 
nary swamp flax. 

Tikaka, a. 1 hot. Tikaka ana te 
ra. 2 burnt by the sun. 

TikS,okao, n. barn-door fowl. 

Ti-kapu, n. a species of cordy- 

TikarS, v. t. pick out of a hole ; 
scoop out. Tikarohia ake te 
kanohi e Tongameha. (48) 

TiKERA, n. tea-kettle. 

Tiketike, and titike, a. lofty; 
high. Titike ao; papaku po. 

I. Tiki, V. t. 1 fetch. Ka tukua atu 

e ia tana tangata ki te tiki atu 
i tetahi ika mana. (141) ^ go 
to for any purpose. Ka tikina 
mai a Tane ka whakaarahia ki 
runga. (55) 

II. Tiki, n 1 post marking a 'tapu ' 

place. 2 figure on the gable of 
a house. 3 a greenstone orna- 
ment worn suspended from the 
neck ; the same as heitiki. 4 
lower part of the back ; sacrum. 

tikitiki, n. 1 girdle. 2 knot of 
hair on the top of the head. 
Ka wewete i tona tikitiki, ka 
ru i ona makawe. (55) 

"whakatiki, v.t. 1 tie up, as a 
dog, &c. ; keep) in confinem,ent, 
Whakatikia te kuri na. 2 keep 
without food. 

Tikihope, n. loins. 

Tikikiwi, n. a method of finish- 
ing off the thatch of a house. 

Tikitu, a. entire ; untouched. He 
ngahere tikitu. 

Tiko, V. i. evacuate the bowels. 

titiko, n. a shell-fish. 

Tikoki, a. easily overbalanced; 
unsteady. He waka tikoki. 

Tikokekoke, a. high uj) in the 
heavens. Kua tikokekoke noa 
atu te ra o waho. (13) 

Tikoko, V. t. take up with a shovel 
or ladle. Tikokoa te oneone ki 

Tikoriia, a. prolific; producing 
abimdantly ; of kumara. 

Ti-kupenga, n. a tree ; a species 
of cordyline. 

TiMA, n. steamer. 

Timanga, n. elevated stage, on 
which food is kept. 

I. Timata, n. dart ; short spear for 

II. Timata, v. t. begin. Ka tima- 
taia te korero e Kawe. 

timatanga, n. beginning. 
Timo, V. t. peck, as a bird ; prick ; 

strike with a pointed instrument. 
Timu, a. ebb ; ebbing. He tai 

timu ; ebb tide ; low water. 
Timu, for tum.u. 
Tina, a. fixed ; fast. Tina ana 

ratou i te mataku o te taua. 





tina, v.piiss. be ove7-powered. 
tina ahau e te whakama. 

"Whakatina, a v.t. 1 fasten; fix. 
2 confine, put under restraint. 
Ka whakatinaia ahau ki te kai ; 
/ am restrained from food. 3 
treat as a slave ; opjyress with 
work. Ka whakatina mai koe, 
ko te mea taumaha ki a au. 
4 provoke. He whakatina ra 
ki a au kia oho ai ahau. /3 v. i. 
applied to protracted parturi- 
tion. Kua whakatina hoki, 
kaore i hohoro te whanau. (128) 

Tinaku, n. 1 seed potatoes. Me 
koko aku tinaku. 2 garden ; 
cultivated ground. 

Tinana, n. body ; trunk, 

Tinei, v. t. 1 put out; extinguish. 
Tineia te kapura. 2 destroy ; 
kill. He rewharewha ki te 
tinei i etahi tangata ki te mate. 

tineinSi, v. t. confuse ; put out of 
proper order. Korei'o whaka- 
tepe i o korero, kaua e tineinei. 

tinein§i, a. unsettled; ready to 
move. Noho tineinei; sit on 
on^s heels, ready to jump up 

Tini, a. very many. K ia tini nga 
pou mo te taiepa. Tini whaio- 
io ; innumerable. 

tini, n. host ; myriad. Tenei te 
tini o NGatoro kei roto i te 
hangi e takoto ana. (91) 

Tini, v.t. 1 annoy. Ka tinia 
ahau e te pawerawera. 2 ter- 
rify. Ka tinia e te mataku o 
te taua. 

Tini, n. chain. 

Tinihanga, v.t. 1 deceive ; cheat. 
I tinihangatia au e te kai arahi 
i po ai ahau. 2 practise upon. 
Maku e tinihanga ki a NGato- 
roirangi. (70) 

Tini-nger6ngSr6, a. very nume- 

Tini-'whaioio, a. innumerable. 
Tin5, a. exact ; precise ; very. 

Ka tae ki te tino wahapu o 

Manuka. (162) — Used also to 

give vividness to narrative. Te 

tino rarahutanga ki te hoe, ka 

rite noa ano ; tino pounga ki 

te wai i poua ai ; anana ! me te 

pere ! (171) 
tino, n. jy^'^cise spot. Ko te tino 

o Taiamai tenei kamaka. 
tino, ad. quite ; very. Ka tino tae 

atu a Hakawau ki te kainga o 

Kaiwhare. (162) 
Tin6hi, v. t. /j?t^ heated stones 

upon food laid to cook in a 

' hangi.' 
TingS,, a. likely. E tinga ano i 

tawhiti koe. 
Tingahuru, a. ten. 
Tingei, a. unsettled; ready to 

move. He noho tingei noa to 

matou noho i konei. Compare 

tineinei, under tinei. 
Tingotingo, a. speckled. 
Tio, a. sharj); piercing. Aue! te 

haupapa, tio tonu ! 
tio, n. 1 ice. 2 oyster. 3 land- 
mark. 4 dicksonia squarrosa. 
tiotio, a. having sharp points or 

2)rojections ; prickly. He ko- 

whatu tiotio. 
Tiora, v. t. split. Ka tioraia ka 

toatia te makahi. 
tiora, n. marauding party, 

separated from the main army. 
Tiori, v.t. 1 hold up to view. 2 

wave to and fro. 
Tioro, v.i. tingle; be jarred. Ka 

tioro oku . taringa i te paku- 

tanga o te pu. 
Tipa, v.i. go wrong. Tipa ke. 
tipatipa, a. false. He korero 

Tipa, a. dried up. Ka tipatia a 

raro o te whenua. 
tipa, n. a shell-fish« 




Tipak5pako, v. t. (jhan potatoes 
or kumara. Compare pako. 

Tipaopao, v. t. put out of proper 
seqxience. Kaua e tipaopao to 

TiPATA, n. teapot. 

Tipatere, for tini-patere, a. 
very numerous; in very great 
nuynhers. Kua tipatere koe i 
te awatea, kua hinga ki Tara- 

Tipau, n. my r sine Urvillei; a 

Tipi, a V. t. pare a horizontal sur- 
face; pare off. Tipia atu nga 
tarutaru ka ngaki ai i te mara 
nei. P v.i. skim lightly along 
the surface. Anana!. titipi kau 
ana taua waka. (70) 

tipitipi, V. i. spread rapidly. Ka 
rongo ha ki a Kiki; tipitipi 
ana te rongo. (172) 

tipi, a. Heke tipi; board placed 
on edge under each of the end- 
rafters of a native house. 

Tipihauraro, v. t. exterminate. 
He tipihauraro tonu mai a 
NGapulii, a, haramai tonu. — 
Kia whakatakaa e maua he 
taua tipihauraro ki raro i o 
maua waewae. 

Tipiwhenua, v. i. roa7n abroad. 

tipiwhenua, n. vagabond. 

Tipoka, V. t. dig ujy what has 
been buried. Na te tangata i 
tapuke, na te kuri i tipoka. 

tipoka, a. dried up. Katahi ano 
ka tipoka inaianei. 

tipokapoka, v. t. take at random. 

Tipoko, V. i. 1 be extingiiished; 
be destroyed. Ka tipoko anake 
aku ika i te kuri. 2 become 
rotten; perish. E! kua tipoko 
noa atu nga kai o te rua nei ! 

Tipore, n. a shrub. 

Tiporo, V. t. cut short. 

Tipu, for tupu. 

Tipua, see tupua. 

Tipuaki, n. crown of the head. 

Compare tumuaki. 
Tipuna, see tupuna. 

Tira, n. 1 file of men; row. Te 

tira o Puanga; the stars in 

Orion's belt. 2 company of 

travellers. Tera te tira ka puta. 

3 fin of a fish. 4 rays ; beams. 

NGa tira Autahi. 5 7nast of 

a canoe. 
Tiraha, n. 1 large bundle. E 

rima nga tiraha raupo. 2 large 

'■kete'' for kumara. 
tiraha, v. i. lean. Kia tiraha nga 

pou te whare. 
tiraha, a. 1 sloiv. Tiraha tonu 

te haere o te pahi nei. ^face 

ujnvards. Anga tiraha; lie on 

one's back. 
Tirairaka, n. rhijoidura fiabelli- 

fera; a bird. 
Tirangaranga, a. scattered. 

tirangaranga nga otaota 

ketunga a te poaka. 
Tirango, n. large grayling. 
tirangorango, a. scattered. 
Tirangi, v.i. be unsettled. 
Tirara, v. i. be wide ajjart. 

rara ana nga waewae. — be scat- 
tered. Waiho i kona tirara 

haere ai. 
Tiratu, n. mast of a canoe. 
Tirau, n. peg ; stick. 
Tiraumoko, n. bastard. 
Tirea, n. tlie moon on the second 

Tireki, n. stack of fern-root. 
Tiremi, v.i. ebb. Kua tiremi te 

Tirengi, a. unsettted. Ka noho 

tirengi nga tangata i te ma- 

Tirepa, v.t. line with reeds the 

roof of a native house. 
Tiri, v.t. 1 throw or place one by 

one. E tiri ana a Tolie i nga 


: te 


Tiripapa 199 

ika ki uta. 2 plant. E tiri 
parareka ana a Te WHata, 3 

place one on another; stack. 
Kei te tiri i nga kai o te rua. 

tiri, n. offering to an 'Atua.' Ka 
poipoia te tiri ki te atua, ka 
mea, To tiri, na, e WHiro. 

Tiripapa, v. i. explode i^i siicces- 
sion. Ka tiripapa te main a 

Tiriwa, v. t. 1 plant at wide in- 
tervals. Tiriwatia, kia awe te 
oti. 2 plant in spaces caused 
hy failure of seed, and so gene- 
rally 2)ut into a vacant place. 
Kahore tetahi e tiriwatia e koe? 
3 stop a gap. 

tiriwa, n. space; compartment; 

Tir6, or titiro, a v. i. look. Ka 
titiro atu ia i te haeatatanga o 
te whatitoka. {13) Titiro ma- 
kutu; look hard, and hence look 
covetously. Ka titiro makutu 
mai ia ki toku kakahu. (i v. t. 

1 survey ; view. Ka puta atu 
te ruahine ra ki waho, titiro 
atu ai i te ope ra. (93) 2 look 
into; examine. 

tirotiro, a v. i. look about. fS v. t. 

Tirou, n.fork; p>ointed stick used 
as a fork. 

tirou, v.t. 1 take up with a stick 
or fork; reach with a stick. 2 
move a canoe sideways, by 
plunging the paddle into the 
water and drawing it towards 
one. Tiroua mai te ihu o te 

Titaha, v. i. 1 be on one side; 
lean to one side. Titaha ana 
nga tuturu o te whare. — decline, 
as the sun. Ka titaha te ra. 

2 2^'^i'Ss on one side. He aha 
koe i titaha ai i toku kainga? 

3 go in an oblique dii'ection. E 


rua ona titahatanga. (15) 4 
va7'y from; have a different 
tendency. Kaore i titaha i taku 
whakahaere o korero i whaka- 
ari ake nei. 

titaha, n. 1 axe. 2 a kind of 

Titaka, v. i. move about; turn 
round. Titaka noa toku niho. 

titakataka, v. i. turn over and 
over; wallow. 

Titari, v. t. scatter about. 

Titei, n. spy. Compare tutei. 

Titengi, a. unsettled. Kati te 
noho titengi, kia u ki raro. 

Titi, a V. i. 1 stick in, as a peg or 
pin. Titi tonu te pere ki nga 
heu o te whare. (81) 2 shine. 
Tangohia ana e raua te puru, 
na, titi tonu te ra ki roto. (47) 
3 go astray. Kua titi ke atu 
pea nga poaka ki waho. /3 v. t. 
1 stick in. 2 fasten with nails 
or pegs. Titia te papa nei. 

titi, n. 1 peg; join; nail. 2 
carved mouthjnece of a calabash 
in which birds are preserved. 

Titi, see under ti. 

Titike, see under tike. 

Titiko, see under tiko. 

Titimako, n. a bird. 

Titiro, see under tiro. 

I. Tito, v.t. 1 invetit; comjjose im- 
pro77tptu. Na te Horua i tito 
tenei waiata. He korero tito; 
a fabrication. — do anything 
without previous practice. He 
haka kia titoia? 

II. Tito, a. having the face covered 
with long hair. He kuri tito. — 
He pahau tito; a beard cover- 
ing nearly the whole face. 

Titohea, a. 1 exhausted by Jre- 
quent cultivatiofi. 2 poor in 

Titoki, n. alectryon excelsum; a 




titoki, v.t. chop. 

Tit6k6, n. pole used to stretch or 

extend anything ; sjyrit of a sail, 

titoko, V. t. 1 stretch with a pole. 

2 keep off or away. Ka titoko- 

tokona ratou ki mamao o to 

ratou unga atu nei. (121) 3 

propel with a pole. 
Titongi, v.t. peck at; nibble. 

Ehara ta te tangata kai, he kai 

titongi kau : engari mahi ai 

ia ki te whenua ; tino kai, tino 

titongi, n. the same as titoki, a 

TitSre, v.t. or v.i. split; divide. 

Na te panga o taku patu, titore 

ke, titore ke. (29) 
Titupii, v.i. 1 chap. Ka mate 

au i te titupu o toku waewae. 

2 peel off. Kua titupu mai te 

hiako o te uwhi. 
Tiu, V. i. 1 soar in various direc- 
tions. 2 wander. 
tiutiu, v.i. turn about; wander. 

E tiutiu ana nga kanohi. 
tiutiu, n. 1 a bird. 2 wanderer; 

TiwS-i, n. canoe tcithout attached 

sides. Takoto humuhumu kau 

ana ko nga tiwai anake. (171) 
Ti'wS.i, a. lasting; permanent. 

Katahi ano ka tiwai te noho o 

te pakeha. 
TiwakS,"wS,kS,, n. a bird. 
TiwS,rS., V. t. cleave in twain. 
Ti"wari, v.t. scrape. Me tiwari 

te roi kia reka ai. 
Ti^wata, or tivrataAvata, n. 

fence; palisade. 
Tiwe, v.i. scream (of children 

TiwSkS., a. vagabond ; roaming 

after no good. E kore e ngaro 

te tohu o te wahine tiweka. 
Ti'werfi,'wSr&, a. mournful. 

TiwhS-, n. patch; spot; bald place 
on the head; mark of a land- 
slip, &c. 

tiwha, a. squint. He kanohi ti- 

titiwha, v.i. be in patches or 
small circumscribed portions. 
Ano he pounamu kei nga karu 
pango e titiwha ana. (159) 

ti-whativrha, a. 1 dark. 2 gloomy 
in mind ; sad. Ka nui rawa te 
tiwhatiwha ki a ratou ka ngaro 
atu nei. 

Tiwhaki, v.t. expand; open. 

Tiwhana, v.i. be curved. E ti- 
whana mai ra a Kahukura i 
runga i te rangi. 

ti'whana, n. lines of tattooing over 
the eyebroivs. 

Ti"whara"whara, v.i. be split; be 

TiwHiKBTE, n. certificate. 

I. To, n. stem of maize, raupo, 

II. To, v.i. 1 be 2y'>'f'ffnant. 2 be 
conceived in the womb. Ka 
moe a Tawhaki, a to noa ta 
raua tamaiti. 3 set, as the sun. 
Te ra to; the tvest. 

■whakato, v. t. 1 cause to conceive. 

2 plant. 
whakato, n. ^karakia' to induce 


III. To, pron. thy. Plural O. 
Generally equivalent to tau. 

IV. To, v.t. drag; haul. Ka 
tola nga waka ki waho manu 
ai. (70) To-whare, drag a per- 
son out of his house and kill 
him; murder in cold blood. 

t5to, v.t. 1 drag a number of 
objects. Ko nga waka, he mea 
toto ki uta. (131) 2 chip or 
knock off ; chop. Toto tonu ai 
ki te kowhatu. 3 perform a 
ceremony over a child ; the 
same as tua, and iriiri. 




tSto, V. i. 1 ooze ; trickle. 2 hold 
without breaking ; hear a strain, 
asfibre of phormium instripping. 
Ka toto te wliitau, he tapoto : 
ka torete, he taroa. 

toanga-waka, p^ace where canoes 
are dragged over ; portage. 

V. To, a. calm. Marino to; very 

VI. T5, a compound of te and o, 
thus, 'To Turi kainga,' is equi- 
valent to 'Te kainga o Turi.' 

VII. To, prep, up to ; as high as. 
Nawai ra, i raro te wai, a ka 
to nga turi. (130) 

T6a, a. 1 male, of animals. He 
kararehe toa. 2 brave; vic- 
torious. Tenei ra ka rongo ki 
te tino toanga o enei rangatira 
tokowha. (157) 

toa, v.i. 1 throw u]} a stalk. 
Kua toa te witi. 2 romp ; 
Jrolic. Kei te toa nga tamariki. 

totSa, a. 1 impetuous ; fierce. 
Totoa tonu te ngakau ; te puri- 
puri te aha. 2 urgent. Heoi 
ano te mea i totoa niai ai maua, 
ko koe kia noho. 

toa, n. brave man; warrior. Ka 
peratia tonutia nga toa o taua 
iwi nei. (60) 

toatoa, n. 1 phyUocladus tricho- 
manoides ; a tree. 2 haloragis 
alata ; a small plant. 

ToA, n. store. 

Toanga, n. derivative from toa. 

Toanga, n. derivative from to. 
See IV. to. 

T6ari, a. clear ; limpid. 

I. Toe, v.i. be left, as a remnant, 
Kotahi i toe, ko te koromatua. 

toenga, n. remnant. 
whakatoe, v. t. cause to remain. 

II. Toe, and totoe, v.t. split; 
divide. Me he haeata e toea 
ana i te talia rangi. (164) 

toetoe, v.t. split into strips or 
shreds. Toetoea he korari mo 
te kupenga. 

toetoe, n. 1 different species of 
g7'ass or rushes used for thatch- 
ing. Toetoe kakaho; arundo 
conspicua. Toetoe kiwi; gah- 
nia lacera. Toetoe rautahi; 
carex ternaria. Toetoe tara 
ngarara; gahnia sp. Toetoe 
upoko-tangata ; carex ustulatus. 
2 shingles for covering roofs. 

Toeke, n. loop of cord, put 
loosely round the feet to enable 
them to grasp a tree in climb- 

Toemi, n. 1 hand-net. 2 net 
the edges of w^hich are made 
to draw together like the mouth 
of a bag. 

Toene, v.i. set. Ka toene te ra. 
See to^wene. 

Toere, n. hand-net. 

Toha, V. t. spread out. 

tohatoha, v.t. spread abroad; 
distribute. Katahi ka tahuri 
te manuhiri ra ki te tohatoha i 
tana kai. (166) 

Tohake, n. bashet. Kohia he 
wane ki te tohake. 

Tohapiiru, v. t. gir-d tightly. Kia 
tohapurutia te manawa. 

Tohe, V. i. 1 persist ; be urgent. 
Ka tohe tonu te taua ki te wha- 
whai. (182) 2 refuse; object. 
Kihai hoki ia i tohe ; whaka- 
tika tonu atu ki runga. (39) 

totolie, v.i. contend one tvith 
another. Heoti ano, ka totohe 
ratou i konei; tohe atu ana, 
tohe mai ana. (122) 

tohetohe, v.i. be pertinacious. 
Te tohetohe ki te whakatuma. 

tohetohe, n. uvida. 
Tohe, n. 1 thief 2 niggard. 
Tohenehgne, a, disarranged ; 




disturbed. He tamaiild; he 
"whakatohenehene kaha tana 
mahi: said of wanton {irovoca- 

Toheraoa, n. agrostis ceimtla, and 
some otlier grasses. 

Toheroa, n. a kind of shell-fish. 

Tohetea, a. exhausted by cultiva- 
tion; barren. 

Tohi, or totShi, v.t. 1 ciU. To- 
hia a tatou purapura kia ranea 
ai. 2 perform a certain cere- 
mony over a new-born infant, 
in connection with the removal 
of the navel string. I haere 
mai au kia tohia ta taua kotiro. 
(52) 3 perform certain cere- 
monies before or after a battle. 
Ka hui katoa te ope ki te taha 
o te wai i te ata po, ki te tohi. 

"whakatotohi, v.i. cut. 

Tohipa, v.i turn aside. Tae 
rawa atu au kua tohipa ke, he 
ara ke. 

Tohira, v. t. project ; be overlong. 

Tohora, n. whale. 

Tohoraha, n. whale. 

I. Tohii, n. 1 mark ; sign; proof. 
He aha te tohu o tou ekenga 
mai? (122) 2 company or divi- 
sion of an army. E hia nga 
tohu o te taua. Turangatohu; 
war dance. 

tohu, V. t. 1 preserve ; lay by. 2 

save alive ; spare. E kore koe 

e tohungia. 
totohii, v.i. sink. Kua totohu te 

waka ki raro. 
tohutohu, v.t. 1 mark. 2 shew. 

3 direct. 

II. Tohu, V. i. think. Ko wai hoki 
koa ka tohu? (148) 

Tohua, n. yelk of an egg. 

Tohiinga, n. 1 skilled person. A, 
oti ake i ia tohunga, i ia tohu- 
nga, a Tainui ma te tarai. (69) 
2 wizard; piriest. Ki ano i 

ata mutu noa te karakia a nga 

tohunga. (91) 
Tohungariia, v. t. dole out. To- 

hungaruatia etahi kapana ma 

tohungarua, n. one who deals. 

I. Toi, n. finger ; toe (of the little 
finger or toe only, which are 
called toi iti, or toiti). Ko- 
whakina mai ana te ahi i te toi 
iti o nga matikara. (24) 

II. Toi, or toitoi, a v.i. trot ; move 
briskly. Kia toitoi te haere. 
/3 V. t. fish for eels. 

toitoi, n. 1 summit. 2 cookia 
sulcata, a shell-fish; the same 
as ngarurii. 

"whakatoi, v. t. 1 answer r^idely 
or perversely. 2 annoy ; tease. 

Toi, v.i. tiiigle, as the ears. 

Toi, n. 1 cordyline indivisa; a 
tree. 2 mat made from the 
leaves of the same. 3 wicker 
receptacle for seed potatoes. 

toi, V. i. be moist; exude. Toi 
tonu a roto o te rakau. 

Toiere, n. figure-head carved on 
the body of a canoe, with a pro- 
jecting piece above it. 

Toiha, V. i. pace up and down 
(not a genuine word). 


whakatoihara, v. t. disparage. 
WHakatoihara ana au ki a ia, 
no te mea he pakeha ia; erangi 
a Te Makarini, he tangata 

Toihi, V. i. be split. Kua toihi te 

toihi, n. tendril. 

Toiki, n. tree charred by fire. 

Toimaha, for taimaha. 

Toingo, a. smart; gay. Toingo 
ana te kakahu nei. 

Toiora, a. sound; uninjiired. 
Kei te toiora, kei te toitu. 

Toiti, n. little finger or toe. 




T6it6ireka, n. a bird. 

T6itu, a. entire; untouched; im- 

Toka, V. i. overflotv. Toka tonu 

te wai i runga. 
Toka, n. stone ; rock in tlie sea. 
toka, or totoka, v. i. 1 become 

solid; set. Ka totoka te hinu. 

2 wait. Kia toka; zvait a 

whakatotoka, v. i. congeal. 

Tokai, 11. strij) of wood covering 
the joints of a canoe. 

Tokai, n. 2^sfp^'>^dictdar pieces of 
wood fastened above to the 
thivart, and supporting the '■hau- 
huahiia' on which the Wahoraho^ 
or floor is laid. 

Tokakawa, n. steam; perspira- 
tion. He tokakawa pea no te 

Tokamatua, n. company; body 
of persons. 

Tokari, a v. t. ciU; notch. To- 
karitia te rakau kia u ai te 
waewae. /3 v. i. 1 be cut or 
severed. Kua tokari te huti- 
huti. 2 ebb. Kua tokari te 

whakatokarikari, v. t. cut in 

Tokau, n. a canoe having side- 
boards, but no figure-head or 

I. Toke, n. 1 earth-ivorm. 2 a fish. 

3 lube of the ear. 4 jnidendicm 

totoke, n. a fish. 

II. Toke, V. i. be out of sight; be gone 
away. Ko te tokenga teiiei e 
toke atu ai ahau. 

Tokeke, a. churlish. 

ToKENA, 11. stocking. 

Tokerau, a. eastern. Te tai 

tokerau ; the sea on the east side 

of the idand. 
Tok6re, n. a musical instrument. 

E whakatokerc ana nga tohu- 
nga i nga iwi o Wahieroa. (56) 

Toki, n. axe; adze; or any similar 
tool. Tokihangai; adze. Toki 
whakapae, or toki titaha; com- 
mon felling-axe. Toki poke; 
American axe. 

tokitoki, n. alectryon excelsum; 
a tree. 

tokitoki, a. very calm. Tokitoki 
ana tera te nioana; koi ngaru, 
koi aha. 

tokitoki, V. t. earth up; loosen 
the earth cd)Out the roots of 

Toki, for tiki, v. t. fetch. 

Tokiri, v.t. shove; thrust length- 
wise. Tokiritia te waka. 

I. Toko, a prefix to the numerals 
from tahi to iwa inclusive; to 
the interrogative numeral hia; 
and to the adjectives maha, 
ruarua, ouou, &c.; but used 
only in speaking of persons. 
Ka rongo te tokomaha i te toa- 
nga o aua tangata tokowha. 

II. Toko, n. 1 2}ole. I whakaturia 
hoki nga toko o te atua. (112) 
2 rays of light. Ka hapai nga 
toko o te raiigi. 

toko, V. t. propel with a pole. 
Tokona te waka kia puta ai. 

tokotoko, n. small 2}ole ; walking- 
stick. Ka tu nga tokotoko ki 
roto ki te otaota. 

toko, or totoko, v.i. 1 stvell; in- 
crease in bidk. He tai toko; of 
unusually high spring-tides. 2 
spring up in the mind. Taawhi 
noa iho ana, e totoko tonu ake 
ana i roto i te ngakau te whano- 
whaiioa. (82) 

whakatotoko, v. i. begin to swell. 

Tokohana, 11. hiccough. 

Tokohi, n. adultery. 

Tokohia, a. how many. See 
I. toko. 




Tokohinu, a. so7ue. See i. tcko. 

Tokomaha, a. many. See i . toko. 

Tokomanawa, a. Pou tokom;uia- 
wa; post supporti7ig the middle 
portion of a ridge-pole. 

Tokomanga, a. branched /forked. 

Tokomauri, n. 1 po^es 0/ majwu 
used in the ceremony of 'pure' 
for a kumara - ground. Ka 
whakaturia nga tokomauri o te 
mara. 2 hiccough. 

tokomauri, v. t. excite one^s affec- 
tions; enamour. Te kai toko- 
mauri o tona puku. 

Tokopa, n. anxiety ; suspense. 

Tokopiihake, n. hiccough. 

Tokorangi, n. sheers, consisting 
of two or more poles fastened 
together near the top, for rais- 
ing heavy weights. 

Tokoroa, a. thin; lean; lanky. 
He raumati tenei, koia i toko- 
roa ai te ika. 

Tokii, pron. my. Plural oku. 
Often used with ellipsis of 'ka- 
kahu': thus, Toku; my gar- 
ment. See prep. o. 

Toma, n. cemetery. Ko te tonia 
tupapaku tera. 

Tomairangi, n. dew. 

I. Tomo, V. i. be filled. E rua ano 
hekenga o te alio, kua tomo 
te waka i te mahi a te ika. 

II. Tomo, V. i. 1 enter. I te mutu- 
nga ai o te karakia ki te tuaahu, 
ka tomo ki roto ki to raua 
whare ko te ruwahine. (92) 2 
pass out. Tomo tahanga ki 
waho. Pass, tomokia, be en- 

"whakatomo, v. t. cause to enter. 
■whakatomo, n. a large basket. 
Tomiiri, a. late. He witi tomuri 

tenei i koaha ai. 
T6nS,, n. excrescence; wart; corn, 


Tona, pron. 1 Itis ; her ; its. 
Plural ona. Tona; his gar- 
ment; with ellijDsis of 'kakahu.' 
2 used in animated narrative to 
express a superlative. Tona 
tini; a very great many. See 
prep. o. 
Tonihinihi, n. native oven. 
Tono, v.t. 1 bid; command. Ka 
tono iho te tini tangata ra kia 
puta ake ia i tona rua, kia wha- 
whai ratou. (97) 2 bid to go; 
send. Tonoa ana to ratou tu- 
puna ki te kimi. (95) 3 de- 
mand. E haere ana ahau ki te 
tono utu mo taku mahi. 
Tonii, ad. 1 denoting continu- 
ance; still; contimially. He 
tiaki tonu tana i te kainga i 
ia ra, i ia ra. (94) 2 quite. 
Poto tonu ki roto o tana kupe- 
nga. (142) 3 just. Pena tonu 
i ia ra, i ia ra. (95) 4 simply; 
only. Te kai a tera wahine, he 
ota tonu. (95) Ko ahau tonu; 
it is I m,yself. 5 immediately. 
Kua tae atu ki te taha o te 
wahine ra, kapo tonu atu ki te 
kotiro. {52) This word often 
has a suffix -tanga when used 
with passive verbs in animated 
narrative. Apitiria tonutanga 
atu ko te pa, ka horo. (91) 

Tonga, n. 1 so^ith wind; southern 
region. Tonga puliuka; south- 
west wind. Tonga tawahanui; 
south wind. Tonga waho ; south- 
east wind. 2 blemish on the 

tonga, a. southerly. He hau to- 

Tonga, n. derivative from to. 


whakatonga, v. i. 1 keep oneself 
quiet; restrain one's feelings. 2 
entertain feelings which one does 
not shew outwardly. Kei te 




wliak.'itonga rii'i koe? Pass. 

whakatongatia, be murmured 

at; be fo^md fault tvith secretly. 

Kei te whakatongatia aliau e te 

iwi nei. 
Tongako, v. i. be scabbed; fester. 

Ka tongako te liiako. 
Tonga-kotaratara, n. sotith-ivest 

Tonga- ma -urii, n. south-west 

Tongamimi, n. bladder. 
Tonganga, a. 1 uncooked; raw. 

2 broken. Tonganga ana te 

TongS,rerewa, n. 1 a semi-trans- 
parent variety of greenstone. 2 

an ornament for the ear. 3 a 

word of endearment; treasure. 
Tongi, point ; speck. 
tongi, v.t. 1 peck, as a bird. 2 

nibble at bait. Ka tongi te 

Topa, v.i. cook in a native oven. 

Me topa nga pararekakiarekaai. 
topatopa, n. 1 bird. 2 sraall 

"whakatopa, v.i. 1 soar. Ka 

rare whakatopa te manu, kahore 

6 aroarowhaki nga parirau. 2 

dart, as a hawk on its prey. 
whakatopatopa, v.i. pla7it ku- 

mara, &c. 
TopaparQ, a. deeply laden. He 

waka topaparu to koutou. 
TopatapS,ta, n. very small ku- 


I. Tope, v.t. cut; cut off. Topea 
mai he mataora. 

II. T6pe,n. Ifern (pteris aquilina) 
freshly grotvn after being burnt. 

2 ornament of feathers worn on 
the forehead. He tope kura. 
^ front lock left long when the 
rest of the hair is cut off, in 
imitation of a 'tope kura.' 

Topipi, n. small native oven. 

topipi, v. t. cook in, a small oven. 
Topipitia tetahi kanga. 

Topito, n. end; extremity. 

Topu, n. pair ; couple. Ko taua 
hunga i liaere i uta, kotahi rau 
e whitu tekau topu. (75) 

topu, a. assembled ; in a body. 
Kei te noho topu tou ratou ki 
to ratou kainga. 

totopu, a. thorough ; unsparing. 
Katahi taku tangata totopu, ko 
koe, ki te patu i te tangata. 

Topuni, a. 1 close together. Me 
liaere topuni tatou. 2 overcast. 
He rangi topuni. 

topuni, n. black dogskin mat. 

Tora, v.i. burn; blaze. Ka tora 
te ahi. 

Tore, v.i. burvi. Ka tore te 
whare o Tatere. 

tore, n. white spot. 

toretore, n. a large mussel ; the 
same as kuku. 

toretore, a. having infiamed eyes. 

toretore, v.t. split into strips. 
He mea toretore marire te hara- 

Torea, n. hematopus unicolor; a 

TorSkS, v.t. be left behind. Ka- 
hore tetahi i toreke ki muri. 

whakatorekSreke, v.i. lag be- 
hind. Kei whakatorekereke te 

T6remi, v. i. disappear. Kua to- 
remi te waka ki tua o te rae. 

TorSna, v.i. overflow. 

Torengi, v.i. disappear; set, as 
the sun. 

TorSrS, v.i. hurry ; go headlong. 
Ka torere tonu ra hoki te nga- 
kau ki te whai i te whakahia- 
ngongo o tona ngakau. (170) 

torere, n. abyss. 

T6r6t6, V. i. break, as weak fibre of 
inferior varieties of phormium. 

Toretere 206 

TSretSrS, n. small sting-ray. 
Torewai, n. a fresh-water mussel. 
Tori, n. cat. 
toritori, v. t. cut ; separate. 

I. Torino, n. 1 drum of the ear. 
2 small basket for cooked food. 

II. Torino, a. Jloiving smoothly. 
He torino tonu te au; he 

Torire, a. fine ; smart. 
Toririki, a. small. Ka haere ka 

toririki te whawhai nei. 
Toriwai, a. moist; tvatery. Ka 

toriwaitia oku kanohi. 

I. Toro, n. 1 persoonia toro ; a tree. 
2 myrsine salicina ; a tree. 

II. Toro, v.i. 1 stretch forth. Ka 
toro mai tona ringa ka raraku. 
(194) Ka toro nga kawai o 
te hue. 2 bur7i ; blaze. Kei 
toro te whare i te korakora. 

toro, V. t. 1 thrust or itnjiel end- 
wise ; stretch fiorth. Torona mai 
tou ringa. 2 go to see ; visit. 
A ka aroha ki te tuahine, ka 
haere ia ki te toro. (39) 3 
survey; reconnoitre. Kua eke 
rawa mai taua iwi nei ki uta, 
kotahi i tukua mai ki te toro. 
(47) 4 exp)lore. Te waka nana 
i toro te nuku roa. (109) 5 
consult by divination.. Ka to- 
rona a Kahukura, a Itupawa, a 
Rongomai. (83) 6 take fire out 
0/ Sin oven preparatory to cook- 
ing. Torona te hangi ; ka kaka. 

totoro, V. i. stretch forth. Totoro 
mai te ringa. 

torotoro, v.i. jmt forth the hands; 
act. Ka whakatika nga ranga- 
tira ki runga ki te korero i te 
ata torotoro. (150) 

torotoro, v. t. scorch, 

torotoro, n. metrosideros scan- 
dens; a climbing plant. 

whakatoro, v.t. 1 push forth. 


E whakatorotoi'O kau ana i te 
timata i roto i nga rau, kaore 
ano i wero noa. 2 torich; inake 
trial of. 
Toroa, n. albatross. Kahu toroa ; 
garment covered luith albatross 

Toroai, see torowai. 

Toroamahoe, n. a variety of 

Torohe, n. marauding party. 

toroherohe, v.i. wag. Torohe- 
rohe mai ana te hiore o te kuri. 

Toroheke, n. p)imelea arenaria ; 
a plant. 

Torohere, v.t. ensnare. 

torohere, n. snare. 

Toroi, V. i. ferment. 

Toroihi, v. i. 1 sjyrout ; bud. Ka 
toroilii te kiekie. 2 be i^isoleiit. 
Kua mohio ratou ki to matou 
aliua; no reira ka toroihi tonu 
ratou. 3 be excessive. Ka 
toroilii rawa toku ngenge. 

Torokaka, a. stif and straight; 
(of hair). Torokaka waero-kiore 
hanging straight down. Toro- 
kaka taratarakina; split at the 
points. Torokaka motihetihe; 
sticking straight up). 

Torokiki, v.i. sprout afresh. 

Toromahanga, v.t. ensnare. 

Toromiro, n. podocarpus ferrugi- 
nea ; a tree. 

Toromoka, n. button. 

ToEONA, n. throne. 

ToRONAiHi, n. reaping hook; sickle. 

Toronga, n. derivative from toro. 

Toronga, v.t. deal out in small 
quantities. Ka ata toronga tia 
mariretia nga kai. 

Torongu, n. caterpillar ; grub. 

Toropa, v.i. 1 g7-ow along the 
ground. 2 spread out. 

Toropapa, v.i. lie fiat. Ka toro- 
papa te wahie; e kore e ka. 

Toropuke, n. mound ; hillock. 




T6r6puku, :i. secret ; stealthy. 
K;i toi'opuku te haere o te taliae. 

T5r6rerg, n. diarrhiea. 

Torouka, n. headland. 

torouka, a. green ; unripe ; un- 

whakatorouka, v. i. muse ; have 
the thoughts occiipied. E moe 
whakatorouka ana a Te Ponga 
ki te pewheatanga ra e tata ai 
ia ki a Te Puhihuia. (167) 

Torowai, n. 1 a weapon made 
of a whale's rib. 2 a wooden 

TorowhSnua, n. a variety of ku,- 

Torii, n. three. 

torutoru, a. few. He torutoru 
nga tangata o tera kainga. 

Torua, a. twilled. He kareko 
torn a. 

Toruhi, n. a fish. 

Tota, n. stveat. 

Totara, n. 1 podocarpus totara ; 
a tree. 2 leucopogon Frazeri, 
and some other plants. Aka 
totara ; a climbing plant. 

Tote, n. salt. 

Toti, and totitoti, v. i. limp ; 
halt. Rokohanga atu e au kei 
te Kerikeri e totitoti ana. 

Totika, a. straight; cori-ect; right. 

Toto, n. blood. Taua toto; eccj;e- 
pition to avenge blood that has 
been shed. Ka puta nga pa i 
ora ki te taua toto. (91) 

toto, V. i. bleed. Ka toto taku 

Totoa, a. disresj^ectfid. Te totoa 
ki te ki atu i tena ki ki te 

Totoeka, n. streaked variety of 

T5t6rekS,, n. a shell-fish. 

Totorohiti, n. dracophyllum 

strictum ; a shrub. 
TotorSngii, n. a fresh-water fish. 

Tou, pron. <//?/. Plural ou. Tou; 
thy garment; 'kakahu' being 
understood. See prep. o. 

I. T6u, n. anus. 

II. Tou, V. t. 1 kindle ; set on fire. 
Toua te rama. 2 dip into 
water ; wet. 3 plant. E waru 
nga kopura, whatiwiiatiia ana ; 
ka toua, a ka tupu. (114) 

toutou, n. a small black bird. 

III. Tou, ad. a contracted form of 

Toua, n. yelk of an egg. See 

Toukeke, a. churlish. 

Toupiore, a. listless ; languid. 
Na te werawera au i toupiore 
ai, te tae atu ai au ki a koe. 

Touravrhi, a. male, of animals 

Touwha, V. i. swell. Ka touwha 
te puku. 

To-wahiwahi, and towaAvahi, 
a. 1 moist; ivatery. Towawahi 
ana nga kanohi; me te mea e 
tangi ana. 2 shining. Towa- 
wahi ana te taupoki o te pou- 
aka. 3 sleek. 

Towai, n. tveinmannia racemosa; 
a tree. 

ToAvene, v. i. set. Ka towene- 
wene te ra ki te rua. 

towene"wene, a. importunate; 

whakatowenewene, v. i. be 
troublesome. Ka tika kia riri 
mai tera; nau hoki i whakato- 
wenewene atu ki a ia. 

Towhare, v. t. murder in cold 

Towhero, a. red. Ka towhero 
te puku. 

I. Tu, n. 1 part of a fishing-net 
which is first in the water. 2 
girdle to which the 'maro' was 
attached. 3 manner; sort. Na 
wai tenei tu mahi? 




II. Tu, v.i. 1 stand. Ka tu nga 
tokotoko ki roto ki te otaota. 
(79) — Ka tu ona waewae; he 
stood on his feet. Pass, turia, 
he set on foot. Ka turia te ko- 
rero. he arranged. Katalii ka 
turia te haka. (167) — Ka turia 
e ratou; they started. 2 he 
vehement. Tu ana te kiha a 
tou tangata. 3 he hit ; he 
wounded. Kua tu i te tao a 
Hatupatu. (95) 4 be ser-ved. 
Kia tu katoa nga tangata. 

tu, V. t. fght with; engage. Ka 
puta mai ki te tu i a matou. 

tutu, v.i. 1 he raised, as dust, &c. 
Ka tutu te puehu. — as noise, 
disturbance, &c. Tutu ana te 
heihei. (5) 2 stand erect; he 
prominent. Ka tutu nga tara. 
3 he insubordinate; he dis- 
orderly. Ka timata a Tapo i 
tana mahi tutu. (11 1) Pass. 
tiitutia, have violence oj^ered 
to one. Kua tututia taku wa- 
hine. (117) 

tutu, V. t. 1 summon; assemble. 
Ka mahara a Manaia kia tutu- 
ria he tangata hei ohu waru mo 
ana tao. (117) Ka rite ki te 
takiwa e pakari ai nga kai, 
katahi ka turia te taua. 2 tutu 
waewae, or tutu ngarehu ; dance 
a war-dance. 3 set on fire. Me 
tutu te koraha kia atea ai te 
ara. — Tungia he ahi kia ma- 
hana ai tatou. 

tutu, n. 1 messenger sent to sum- 
mon people; summoner. Ka 
tukuatetutu. 2joerc/i for birds. 

■whakatu, v. t. 1 erect; set up. 
2 make a set sjjeech. Na Te 
Koki enei whakatu ki ana ta- 
mariki. 3 propound a subject 
for discussion. 4 instigate. Kua 
oma te mokai nei ; na wai ra i 
whakatu kia haere ? 

turanga, n. circumstance, time or 

place of standing, »kc. See 11. 

tu. Turanga-tohu ; war dance. 

Turanga-whanau ; relationship 

of cousins. 
tunga, n. 1 circumstance, kc. of 

being wounded. 2 wound. 

I. Tiia, n. the further side of a 
solid body. Tua-o-rangi; days 
gone by. Me aha hoki te ki i 
korerotia i tua o rangi ? 

tua, a. on the further side. Te 
tai tua ; the ivestern sea, 

II. Tiia, n. a form of address used 
by the NGatiwhatua tribe. 
Haere mai, e tua. 

III. Tua. 

tuatua, n. 1 ridge. 2 a species 

of shell-fish. 
tutiiatanga, n. ridge. 

IV. Tua, ordinal prefix to nume- 
ral adjectives. Te tuarua o nga 
haerenga. (133) Ka tuahia koe 
ki Taranaki ? Ka tuarua ; how 
many times have you been to 
Taranaki .? Twice. 

V. Tiia, v.t.fell; cut down. Ka 
riro ki te tua rakau. 

I. Tiia, V. t. 1 give a name to a 
child with accompanying re- 
ligious ceremonies. Kua tuatia 
te tamaiti a te Papa. 2 men- 
tion the name of any one. Ko 
te tuatanga tenei tou ingoa e 
NGatiporou. 3 lay under the 
influence of a spell. He kara- 
kia ano mo Tawhirimatea, he 
tua mo te rangi. See also tii- 

II. Tiia, or more correctly tu-a 
(see I. Tii, 3), a prefix to adjec- 
tives, (fee, signifying a moderate 
degree of the quality expressed. 
Tu-a-whero; reddish. 

Tiiaahii, n. sacred place, used by 
'tohunga' for purposes of divi- 
nation, (fee. 




Tuah&e, a. jmlous. 

Tuah3,ngS,ta,, n. a familiar name 
for the hero of a story, (to. ; 
'?7iy gentlevian.^ 

Tuahau, n. a kind of rough mat 
made from the leaves of kiekie. 

Tuahing, n. sister of a man. 


whakatuaho, v. t. deceive; be- 
guile. He runanga whakatuaho 
ta ratou, kia riro mai ai a Te 

Tuahu, see tuaahu. 

Tuahu, V. t. throw up into hil- 
locks. Mo tana mara i tuahua 
kautia; kaore i whakatokia. 

Tuahuri, v. t. cover the roof of a 

house ivith a coating oj raujw, 

preparatory to thatching with 

Tuaikerekere, a. very dark. 
Tuaitara, n. spines on the back 

of a reptile or fish. I te wehi 

ano ki nga tuaitara e tutu haere 

ana mai. (150) 
Tuakana, n. 1 elder brother of a 

male. 2 elder sister of a female. 
Tilakanga, n. circumstance, kc, 

oj felling. See tua. 
Tuaki, V. t. disembowel fish or 

Tuakiri, a. wounded in fight. 
Tuakiiku, v, t. 1 scraj^e. Tua- 

kukutia harakeke. 2 take the 

roughness off a piece of timber 

before dragging it out. Me to 

puwharawhara? Hua noa me 

tuakuku ka to ai. 
Tuakiira, n. dicksonia squarrosa; 

a tree-fern. 
Tiiamaka, n. round cord platted 

with five strands. (19) 
Tuaniii, n. 1 roof of a house. 2 

a variety of totara with very 

thick bark. 
tuauui, a. harsh; overbearing. 

Tuanui noa atu to kupu ki tou 

■whakatuanui, v. i. be overbear- 

Tiiangau, v. t. beat with a stick. 

Tiiangi, n. 1 cockles. 2 project- 
ing edge of the 'rauawa' of a 

Tuao, a. transient. He wai tuao 
te wai nei; mao rawa ake te ua 
kua mutu te waipuke. 

Tua-O-rangi, n. days gone by. 

Tuapae, n. anything bounding 
the horizon. Kia ngaro te tua- 
pae whenua. (21) 

Tiiapeka, a. dissimulating. 

whakatuapeka, v.i. dissimulate. 

Tuapora, n. jirst -fruits of a 

Tuapukii, round cord platted 
with four strands. 

Tuara, n. 1 back. 2 ally; sup- 

tuara, v. t. assist. Hoatu, tuara- 
tia to teina. 

whakatuara, ad. backwards. Ko 
korua anake e haere whaka- 
tuara ; ko au e kore. 

Tuarahia, n. hcematopus longi- 
rostris ; a bird. 

Tuaraki, n. north wind; often of 
land-breeze at night. 

Tuarangaranga, a. unsettled ; 
p)erplexed. Ka toa a Ruku, ka 
tuarangaranga, ka kowhete a 
roto o te ngakau. 

Ttiarangi, a. old; of ancient date. 
He korero tuarangi. 

Tiiararo, a. Iwi tuararo; back- 

Tiiarea, a. sorrowful. Tuarea 
noa iho toku ngakau. Compare 

Tuarenga, n. a fish; the same as 

TuARi, n. steward. 

TUARI, V. t. dispense ; deal out. 




Tuaroa, n. back part of a house. 
Iwi tuaroa; backbone. 

Tiiarongo, n. back of a house. 

Tuata, a. Ika tuata; fish roasted 
and eaten by the crew of a canoe 
on its first fishing excursion; 
this being part of the 'pure' 
ceremony. He ika tuata tetahi; 
i tunua ma nga kaumoana. 

Tuatahi, a., first. 

Tuatara, n. 1 a large lizat'd. 2 
spines on the back of a lizard. 
Ka momohe ra pea ona tuatara. 
(154) 3 clay; loam. 4 clod. 

Tuatea, n. break on the crest of 
a wave. Ka pupuhi te hau ka 
whati te tuatea. 

Tuatea, a. 1 pa?e. He manu 
tuatea; a fat bird, the skin of 
whicli shews white under the 
feathers, ^anxious; distressed. 
He tuatea ki tona hoa e mate 

whakatuatea, a v. i. groiv 
anxious. E whakatuatea ana 
ahau ki te mate o taku tamaiti. 
fi v.t. make anxious. 

Tuatini, n. blue shark. 

Tuaua, n. shower. 

Tuauki, a. old; of long standing. 
He mate tuaukiuki. 

Tiiaiikipo, n. midnight. 

Tuauriuri, a. 1 very dark. He 
po tuauriuri; a dark abyss. 2 
very many. He mano tuauriuri. 

Tiiauru, a. 1 western. Te tai 
tuauru. 2 rare; choice. Ko- 
tahi ra te manu tuauru e nolio 
nei ki runga ki a tatou; pro- 
perly said of a ivhite 'kdkd,' and 
so of anything rare and highly 

Tiiawahine, n. a familiar name 
for the heroine of a story; ^my 
lady.' (170) 

Tua"whenua, n. 1 mainland. 2 

Tuawhiti, a. thick; fleshy; fat. 

Tau mahi e te manawa tua- 
whiti! (160) 
Tuhaha, a. happening late in the 

day. Ka tuhaha nga tai; ka 

awatea hoki. 
Tuhana, see tu-whana. 
Tuhara, n. cladium Sinclairii ; a 

Tuhaua, a. quick. Kia tuhaua 

te haere. 
Tuhauwiri, v. i. shiver with cold ; 

quake with fear. He tuhauwiri 

te timatanga o toku mate. 
Tuhea, a. overgrown with bushes. 
Tuheihei, a. dishevelled. Ka tu- 

lieihei nga huru o tou mahunga. 
Tuhi, V. t. 1 delineate; draw; 

write. 2 adorn with painting. 

3 point at ; indicate by p>ointing. 

4 ascertain the fortune of. Ka- 
tahi ia ka tuhi i tona atua, ara 
ka matakite, hei titiro i tona 
aitua. (175) 

tuhi, n. stink of decaying fi,sh. 
tuhituhi, v.t. write. Tuliituhia 

he pukapuka ki tou whanaunga. 
Tiihiti, v t. expel; banish. Ko 

au tena ka meinga kia tuhititia 

e koe? E kore pea au e haere 

i to tuhiti. 
Tiihi'wi, n. a tree. 
Ttihoe, a. steep. Ka tuhoe te 

tuanui, e kore e tuturu. 
Tuhono, v.t. join. Tuhonoa te- 

talii wahi ki te tahuhu. 
Ttihua, n. obsidian; so called 

from Tuhua or Mayor Island. 

Called also mata-tuhua. 
Tiihiinga, n. perch for birds to 

light on, placed in a convenient 

position for killing them. He 

wero manu tana mahi ki te 

tuhunga a te tangata nei. 

Ki te tuhura ki nga mea kaliore 

ano i iriiria. 




Tui, 11. parsoii-bird ; j)7'Osthe7na- 
dera novce zelandice. 

Tiii, V. t. 1 pierce. He karakia 
tui; a charvi for spearing birds. 
2 thread on a string. Ka ta- 
liuri mai ano tera ki te tui i nga 
ika. (179) 3 lace; fasten by 
passing a cord through holes. 
Tuia to tatou waka. (60) 4 

tui, n. string on which anything 
is threaded. Ka pau te tui te 
whakaeke ki te ngohi. (179) 

tuitui, v.t. 1 lace; sew. ^fasten 
up; render inaccessible. Ko 
nga rangi i tuituia e Tane. 


Tuiri, see tu^wiri. 

Tukahotea, a. liaving no cover- 
ing on the roof. Ko nga whare 
o konei kei te pakaru; kei te 

Tukararoa, n. a bird. 

Tukari, v. t. dig and throw %ip 
into hillocks. Homai he kaheru 
hei tukari i taku mara. — 'Ka- 
tahi ano ka tukari te mara a te 
Noinoi' is a saying used when 
the sea is beginning to rise. 

Tukauati, n. ivhirlwind. 

Tukauki, n. libertia ixioides; a 

Tiike, n. 1 elbow. 2 angle. 

tuketuke, v. t. elbow; nudge. 
Katahi ano a Manaia ka tuke- 
tuke atu i tana tamaiti kia rere 
ki te whiu i te mataika. (119) 

Tiikekau, a. sliort. Tukekau 
nei te roa o te ara. 

Tukemata, n. eyebrow. 

I. Tuki, V. t. 1 strike loith anything 
impelled endwise; pound; ram. 
2 biUt; 3 attack. Ki a Tanga- 
roa, me tomo te pa; ki a Rangi- 
tu, me tuki ata. 

tutiiki, V. i. 1 reach its furthest 
limit. Ka tutuki te tai; it is 


Jiigh water. be finished; be 
completed. Kia tutuki to ko- 
rcro. 2 extend. 

tutuki, v.i. strike against an ob- 
ject; stumble. Ka tutuki toku 
waewae ki te rakau. 

tukituki, V. t. 1 demolish ; knock 
to pieces. I tukitukia katoatia 
nga whare e te taua. 2 destroy ; 
kill. Tukitukia te kuri. 3 
take to pieces; take down. Me 
tukituki te taiepa, ka hanga ai 
kia pai. 

II. Tuki, V. i. give the time to roivers 
in a canoe. 

Tiikino, v. t. ill-treat; use with 

TukipohS, a. contrary (of the 

Tukorehii, n. plcontago; a plant. 

Tukou, n. a variety of kumara. 

Tuku, v.t. 1 let go; give up; 
alloiv. Tukua marietia nga 
pakeha kia haere. 'Tukua atu' 
is often used as equivalent to 
hereafter. Tuku iho; let down. 
2 send. Ka tukua atu e ia 
tana tangata ki te tiki atu i 
tetahi ika mana. (141) 3 steep 
in dye, &c. 

tuku, v.i. 1 set to. Tana tuku- 
nga atu ki te kai. (94) 2 sub- 
side. Kia tuku te wai ka whiti 
ai ki tawahi. 3 settle down. Ka 
tuku katoa te mangu te rangi. 
4 blow from any quarter, as 
wind. He tuku uta te hau. — 
Tukunga atu mo; place into 
ivhich one may he received. 
Tukunga iho; end; residt. 

tuku, n. incantation used in cases 
of cliildbirth. 

tukutuku, v.t. call by an offen- 
sive name. 

tukutuku, n. 1 web of a spider. 
2 ornamental work in the in- 
terior of a house. 




Tukuku, v.t. jylunder. Tukukua 
katoatia ana te kai a Taki. 

Tukumaru, a. cloudy. E tuku- 
mavu ana te rangi. 

Tukiipu, a. 1 coming down on 
(dl sides. He ua tukupu. 2 
overcast; lowering. Tukupu 
ana te rangi. 3 covering com- 
pletely. He moko tukupu. 

Tiikuroa, n. hack-stay of the sail 
of a canoe. 

tukiiroa, a. ill-sitjyjjlied. He tau 
tukui'oa; a season of famine, 

Tiikuwaru, n. main posts in the 
palisading of a fortification. 
Te tukuwaru o te pa. 


■whakatuma, v.i. menace; act 
defiantly. Na reira ano ka 
whakatumatuma. (79) 

Tuma, n. odd number in excess. 
Kotahi rau, tuma, o te taua. 

Tumaeo, a. lazy. 

Tumahana, n. return present, for 
a 'kaihaukai,' given at the same 

Tumanako, v.t. 1 regard any 
absent object toith favour, or 
desire. Tumanako tonu te nga- 
kau ki te mea i kiia mai moku. 
2 liope. 

Tumangai, n. a kind of charm. 

Tumaro, a. hard ; solid. 
Tumaru, a. shady. Kia haerfe ki 

te wahi e tumaru iho ana i te 

Tumata, v.t. set on fire; hum. 
Ttiraatakahuki, n. upright sticks 

between the posts of a native 

house, for supporting tlie laths, 

to which tlie reeds are fastened. 
Tumatakurii, n. 1 discaria tou- 

mafou ; a slirub. 2 sandal. 
■whakatumatakuru, v. i. he 

Tumatanui, a. open; public; 

tvithout disguise. 

Tumatatenga, a. 1 apprehensive; 
anxious. He tumatatenga noku 
ki a koutou. 2 sulky. 3 over- 
come with grief. Ko te pouri 
kei roto, ko te tumatatenga kei 
waho ; na reira hoki i kitea ai e 
te tangata kei te pouri. 

Tumatohi, a. 1 eo'ect. 2 watch- 
fid ; on the alert. Kia tuma- 
tohi ; mo te huaki rawa mai, 
kua rite. 3 marching in close 

Tumau, a. fixed ; constant. He 
kainga tumau. 

tumau, n. housekeeper; cook; 

Tiimeke, v. i. take fright. E kore 
au e tumeke i o korero whaka- 
wehiwehi mai. 

Tumere, n. a weapon of war, 

TuMERE, n. chimney. 

Tum.ingi, n. cyathodes acerosa; a 

Tumoremore, a. shorn of exter- 
nal appendages. Tumoremore 
kau ana te rakau, kahore he 

Tum.u, V. i. 1 halt suddenly. 2 
start involuntarily. Tumu ana 
te waewae, he kowhera ; he 
aitua. 3 coo ; grunt. 

tumu or tumutumu, n. 1 stump 
of a, tree. 2 part of an appa- 
ratus for snaring birds. 

Tum.u, n. pronnontory ; headland. 

tum.u, a. contrary. He hau 

Tum,uaki, n. crown of the head. 

Tiina, n. anguilla aiicklandii, &c. ; 

Tiinewha, v.i. close the eyes as 
when overcome with sleep ; he 

Tunii, v.t. 1 roast; broil. Tu- 
nua nga riwai ki te ahi. 2 
inspire with fear; Na reira ano 

Tunuhuruhuru 213 

i tunu a,ke, c ki ana lie matua 
tangata. (loi) 
tunutunu, a. faint - hearted ; 
afraid. Tunutunu ana te 

whakaaro o te tangata. 
Tuntihiiruhuru, v. t. do violence 

to a friend ov connexion ; offend; 

Tunga, see tu. 
Tunga, n. 1 gruh of a S2')ecies of 

beetle, found in decayed wood. 

2 decayed tooth ; toothache. 
tungatunga, v. i. beckon ; make 

signs. I a Manaia e tunga- 

tunga atu ana ki tana tamaiti 

tupu. (119). 
Tiingane, n. brother of a female. 
Tunganga, v.i. be out of breath. 
Tungangi, n. a shell-tish. He 

ara whakatungangi, a stile. 
Tungarangara, v.i. be fatigxied. 
Tungaroa, n. back i)art of a 

native honse. 
Tungehe, v. i. quail ; be alarmed. 

E kore au e tungehe. 
Tungitiingi, n. sacred oven near 

a cultivation. 
TGngou, v.i. nod; beckon. E 

tungou mai ana te tangata ra 

ki a taua. 
tungoungou, n. chrysalis of a 

large moth. 
Tungiiru, a. 1 worn aivay by 

friction ; blunted. 2 having 

lost one^s influence. Ka tungu- 

rutia maua ki te titiro mai a te 

Tungutu, V. t. 1 ^j)w^ together the 

sticks of a fire. Tungutungutua 

ngamounga. 2, set on fire; burn. 

Kei te tungutu a Te Waru i 

tana waerenga. 
Tuohu, V. i. stoop ; boiv the head. 

E tuohu tonu ana ahau, koia 

ahau te kite ai. 2 keejy oneself 

out of the way. E tuohu mai 

nei i roto i tona whare, i tona 


Tuoi, a. tldn ; lean. He kara- 

reho tuoi, e kore e kainga. 
Tuoro. Ho tuna tuoro ; ka ra- 

ngoua te tau o te tuoro. 
Tupa, n. 1 a shell-tish. 2 j^f^ds of 

raupo on the joints of the head- 
piece of a canoe. 
tupa, a. unfruitful. He karaka 

Tupaki, a. fair ; without rain. 

Ka nui te roa o te tupakitanga, 

o te korenga e ua. 
tupakipaki, a. small. He whare 

Tupakihi, n. coriaria ruscifolia ; 

a shrub. 
Tupapaku, n. 1 corpse. 2 sick 

2)erson. 3 one interided to be 

Tupare, n. 1 chaplet. WHatiia 

mai he kowhai hei tupare. 2 

olearia Colensoi ; a shrub. 
Tuparipari, a. with 2)erpendicu- 

lar face ; as the bank of a 

Tuparu, v. t. coat with raupo. 

Tuparuparua te whare. 
Tupatiu, n. north-west wind. 
Tupato, a. cautious ; suspicious. 
■whakatupato, v. t. warn ; cau- 
Tiipe, V. t. deprive of power by 

means of a charm. Katahi ka 

tahuri ki te tupe i te tupapaku; 

na, kua ngoikore te tupapaku. 

Tiipehau, v.t. do clumsily. I 

tupehaukia noatia te whakairo. 
Tupehii, a. angry; blustering. 

Haere tupehu ana te tangata. 
TupiiKA, n. tobacco. 
Tupeke, v.i. jump; lea]). 
Tupere, v.i. ^nit out the lips. 

Kia tupere te ngutu. 
tupere, v.t. ejaculate. Kaore au 

e tupere atu, 'Tena koe.' 


tuperepere, a. 1 boisterous. He 
marangai tuperepere. 2 vigo- 
roiis : as the growth of plants. 

tuperepere, n. 'pure' ceremony 
on housing the kumara crop. 


■whakatupereru, v.i. 7nake a 
noise tvith the lips. 

Tupo, a. 1 dank. Kaua e whaka- 
angahia te waha o te rua ki te 
ra to ; he rua tupo, he pirau. 
Rua tupo, 1 cave in which the 
bones of the dead are deposited, 
after the flesh has decayed. 2 
hole over which incantations 
were performed for the pur2yose 
of depriving one's enemies of 
power. Compare rua haeroa, 
under haeroa. 

Tupoki, v.t. cover. 

tupoki, n. covering ; lid. 

Tupono, v.t. light upon acci- 
dentally; chance to hit. Tupono 
pu te rakau ki te kanohi o te 

Tupoporo, v.i. be overturned. 

Tupore, v.t. behave kindly to. 
Tupore rangi tahi ; whakariri 
kei rau rangi. 

TupSu, or tupoupou, v. t. 1 put 
the head doivmvards ; stoop doivn. 

2 fall or throw oneself headlong. 

3 dive. 
tupoupou, n. 2^orpoise. 
Tiipu, V. i. 1 grow ; increase. E 

tupu tonu mai nei ano te ku- 
mara i te pari o taua whenua. 
(74) 2 spring up. Ka tupu 
te whawhai a taua pa ki nga 
tangata o Awhitu. (166) S be 
firmly fixed. Tupu tonu te pou 
tupu, n. 1 shoot; bud. 2 growth. 
3 socicd p)osition. Kua heke 
tona tupu ; he has degenerated. 
WHakaheke tupu ; treat with 
indignity. He iwi kino te iwi 

214 Turara 

nei ; he iwi whakaheke tupu 

tangata. (141) 
tupu, a. genuine ; own. Tana 

tama tupu. (119) 
tuputupu, n. a kind of mat. 
whakatupu, v.t. 1 cause to 

grow; cherish; rear, ^assume 

the character or appearance of ; 

make oneself like. Katahi ka 

whakatupu kuri te tangata ra. 
Tiipua, n. 1 goblin; demon. 2 

object of terror; taniwha, &c. 

3 strange sickness. 
tupua, a. strange. 
tupua, v.t. steal. Kia tupuatia 

ai a Kae e ratou. (37) 
■whakatupua, n. a fish. 
Tupiihi, n. gale; storm. He tu- 

pulii tenei; e kore tatou e puta. 
tupuhi, a. 1 thin; lean. He tu- 

puhi te kiore. ^inactive; slug- 
gish. Kati me he tupuhi; Be 

no longer inactive. 
Tupuna, n. ancestor, male or 

female. Plural tupuna. 
Tupiini, v. t. prit on the outer 

covering of the walls of a house. 

Me tupuni ki te raupo. 
Tiipuranga, n. derivative from 

Turaha, v. i. A-eep away ; keep 

clear. Turaha ana te kai i a ia. 
Turaki, v.t. throio down from an 

upright position; ^j?ts/i down. 

I kite au i te turakanga o te 

tamaiti nei ki roto ki te wai. 
turaturaki, v. t. throw doivn a 

number of things. 
Turama, v.t. light with a torch; 

give light to. Turamatia aliau 

e hoa; ka pouri kerekere. 
TuramSe, v.i. be sleepy. 
Tiirapa, v. i. spring. Turapa 

tonu atu a Tama ki tona moe- 

nga. (71) 
Tiirapana, v.t.filhp. 
Turara, v. t. sjjread out. Tura- 




raa ki te alii, kiu inarokc. 
TuRE, n. laiv. 
Turehii, v.i. doze. 
turehu, a. indistinctly seen. 
turehu, n. ghost ; f airy ; anything 

dimly seen. 
TuREi, n. Tuesday. 
Turepo, n. epicarjnirus niicro- 

pltyUtis; a tree. 
Turere, v. i. steal away; flee. 

Kua turere atu te kiore. — Tu- 
rere ana te nioe i oku kanolii. 
Turetireti, a. lonsteady. Kei 

taka koe; e turetireti ana te 

Tiiri, n. 1 knee. Na wai ra, i 

raro te wai, a ka to nga turi. 

(120) 2 post of a fence. 
Tiiri, a. 1 deaf. 2 obstinate; 

stubborn. He turi niaori no te 

koroke nei. 
turi turi, a. 1 obstinate. He turi- 

turi tonu te iwi nei ki te noho 

ki tona maliau. 2 noisy. 
turituri, n. 7ioise. E kore e 

rangona i te turituri. — Tui'i- 

turi! Hush! 
whakatutiiri, v. i. be obstinate. 

See also tutiiri. 
Tiirikakoa, n. spinifex hirsutus; 

a kind of grass. Ka ngau ki 

te turikakoa te paringa o te tai, 

e tika ana te rere te ku- 

Tiirikoka, n. agrostis cemida; a 

Tiiringonggngonge, a. crippled; 

Tiiripepeke, a. having the knees 

bent. E turipepeke ana te 

Tiiripona, n. knee-joint. 
Turipu, a. weak in the knees. 

He waewae turipu. 
Turituri-poure"wa, n. a bird. 
Turiwataitai, v.i. be benumbed; 


TurivretS-UtS-U, v.i. be benumbed ; 

Tiiriwliatu, a. slow. Turiwhaiu 
niiirire to tatou haere; liua noa 
ki.i pepeke. 

Tiirori, v.i. stagger; totter. Ka 
liaraniai tenei ka turori ki te 

Turoro, n. 1 sick person. Kua 
turoi'otia a Moka. — Mate tu- 
roro; sickness. 2 corpse. 

turoro, a. sick. 

Turotowaenga, n. middle. No 
te turotowaenga o te po. 

Tiiru, n. the moon on the 10th 
day. Also oturu. 

Turu, v.i. last a short time. Turu 
talianga atu; in a little tvhile. 
Pass, turua, be done for a short 
time. Turua kautia ki te talia 
ki te whatitoka; turua kautia 
ki roto. (66) 

Turii, or turuturu, n. stick to 
steady oneself by. 

turu, V. t. build an eel-weir. Kei 
te turu pa a Moka. 

tuturii, v.i. leak; drip. 

tuturii, a. fixed; permanent. 

tuturu, n. 1 p)ost in a building. 
Titaha ana nga tuturu o te 
wliare. 2 jamb. 

tuturu, v. i. kneel. Tuturu ou 
turi. Compare tuturi. 

Turu, n. stool; seat. 

Turiia, a. beautifid. Anana! ka 
turua ra! (21) 

Turuapo, n. midnight. 

Tiiruatu, n. a bird. 

Turuawaenga, n. middle. 

Turuawaenganiii, n. middle. 

Turuawepo, n. midnight. 

Turuki, v. i. 1 groiv up in ad- 
dition, as the sucker of a tree, 
&c. Ka turuki ake nga huru- 
huru hou o te manu. 2 come 
up with afterivards; come as a 
supp>lement. Ka haere atu kou- 




tou apopo ; ka turuki atu matou 
i muri. 3 travel by short stages. 
Na te turuki o to ratou haere i 
tae mai ai he awhina. 4 be 
full. Turuki tonu te waka. 5 
be crowded. Turuki tonu te 
tangata o te waka e hoe nei. 

turuki, v.t. 1 supplement tvith a 
second. Turukitia te rahui. 2 
thatch a house. 

turuki, n. sucker; anything sup- 

Tilrupou, v.t. support on a pole. 
Turupoutia iho nga karaha ki 
te rakau. 

Turiiru, v.i. 1 cover oneself from 
the cold. He aha koe ka tururu 
ai? 2 ci'OJich; be doiuncast. 
Ka pai kia haere koe ki te iwi 
e noho tururu mai ra. 

Turiitu, n. dianella intermedia; 
a plant. 

Tiita, n. back of the neck. 

Tutae, n. dung. Tutae-ika-mo- 
ana; tetragonia expansa ; Neiu 
Zealand spinach. Tutae-koau ; 
apium australe. Tutae-whetu; 
some phospliorescent substance. 

Tutai, n. sj)y; scout. 

Tutaki, V. t. 1 meet. Tutaki ana 
i taua wahine nei e wero manu 
ana mana. (95) 2 ^nake to meet; 
2^ut to; close. Tutakina te tau- 
poki o te pouaka. 3 shut upi 
in an enclosure. 

tutaki, and tutataki, a. touch- 
ing; meeting. 

tutaki, n. bolt; bar. 

Tutanga, n. portion; division. 

tijtangatanga, v. t. cut into por- 
tions. Hei apopo ka tutanga- 
tanga i nga rakau nei. 

TutS,ra, n. small talk; gossip. 

TutatS,, a. near. 

Tutaumaha, n. a kind of charm 
or incantation. (159) 

Tiite, V. t. shove with a j)ole. 

Tutea te waka ki waho. 

tute, n. male of j)rostheviadera 
novoi zealandice. 

tutetute, v.t. jostle; hustle. 

Tutei, v.t. spy; reconnoitre. 

tutei, n. spy; scout. 

Tutetiike, v. t. pwsA with the 

Tuteure, n. a shell-fish; a kind 

Tutika, a. upright. 

Tutira, n. row; fie. 

Tutohii, V. t. receive a proposal 
favourably ; give consent to. 
Tutohu ahiahi; whakarere ha- 
pai; accept at night and reject 
in the morniiig. 

Tutoro, a. dreamy; wandering. 
He moe tutoro. 

Tiitu, n. coriaria ruscifolia; a 

Tutii, V. t. inelt down fat, &c. 
Katahi ka tutua ki te taha. 
(153) 2 steep in water. Ka 
tutua te aute ki te wai. 


whakatutu, v.t. fasten a net to 
a hoop for the purpose of catch- 
ing certain kinds of fish. 

Tutu, see under tu. 

Tutua, a. mean; low-born. 

Tiitua, see under tua. 

Tutuira, n. a fish; a small sting- 

Tutumako,n. euphrasia cuneata; 
a plant. 

Tutiina, n. large inanga. 

Tutuna'wai, n. jyolygonum minus, 
var. decijnens; a plant. 

Tiitupapa, n. coriaria thymifolia; 
a plant. 

Tuturi, V. i. kneel. Ka tuturi ona 
turi ; he kneels. 

Tututu, v.t. perform a certain 
ceremony over a kumara ground 
with a view to promote fecun 




Tututupo, 11. redness; glow. Ka 

tail to tututupo ki runga i te 

rangi. (81) 
Tuwa, a. growimj out of place ; 

Tuwaharoa, v.i. yawn. 
Tuwatawata, n. main fence of a 

pa, called also katua. 
Tu-wha, v.t. disiribitte. Tuwhaia 

nga kai ma nga tangata nei. 
Ttiwhana, v. t. w-c/e ; incite. 

Nau i tuwhana nga tansfata o 

nuia ki te haere. 
Tu"wheke, a. covered with sores. 

Toku tinana ka tuwheketia 

Tu"wh6nua, a. covered with sores. 
Tuwhera, a. open. Ka tuwhcra 

to kuwaha. 
■whakatu"wliera, v.t. open; set 

Tuwhiti, V. t. expel; banish. 

Compare tuhiti. 
Tuwiri, v.i. tremble; be afraid. 


I. U, n. breast of a female ; udder; 

II. U, v.t. bite; gnaw. Uria to 

III. U, V. i. 1 be firm ; be fixed. 
Kahore i u nga pou o te taiepa; 
tarure noa ana. 2 reach the 
land ; arrive by water. Ka hoe 
a Tainui, ka u ki Kawhia. (76) 
Pass, ungia, be arrived at. 
Katahi ano ka ungia e te waka 
te tauranga o Kiki. (172) 

whakau, v.t. 1 mcike firm. 2 
kindle a fire. 3 bring to land. 
WHakauria to tatou waka ki 
uta. 4 with a reflex sense, 
bring oneself to a place ; arrive; 
come up. Ka tae atu ki te ana, 
ka whakau pahi marie te ope 
ra. (159) 5 perform a certain 
ceremony on first arrival at a 
place, to guard against infringe- 
ment of 'tapu.' 

IV. U, prep, used in an elliptical 
form of expression, and followed 
by prep, a ; as u a ratou ; u 
ana ; u au, &c., and implying 
sympathy with the person 
spoken of. He aha koa, u 
ana, te waiho ai hei hoa 
aroha mo tatou? Why should 

he not, poor fellow, be allowed 
to stay, &c. (12) E tika ana u 
au ; haere ano i runga i ou 
mohiotanga. (15) 

I. Ua, n. 1 back-bone. Kua tika te 
ua o te tangata ra ki te haere. 
(169) back of the neck. Ko te 
ua kau i maranga. (loi) 2 
thick twisted or platted hein on 
the collar of a mat. 

uaiia, n. 1 sinew. 2 vein ; ar- 
tery. 3 firmness ; resolution ; 

uaua, a. 1 strenuous ; jjertina- 
cious. Uaua tonu ia ki te ora 
mona. 2 difiicidt. Katahi te 
mahi uaua. 

"whakauaua, v. t. 1 be strenuous. 
2 be reluctant. 

II. Ua, v.i. rain. Akuanei pea 
ka ua. Pass, uaina, be rained 
upon. Ka uaina koe ki te 
haere aianei. 

ua, n. rain. Ua-po ; showery 

III. Ua, ad. when. Ko reira koe 
kite ai, ua tae koe ki te kai- 

- i^^a- 

Ua, a particle used in expostu- 
lation. Kati ua haere mai ki 
konei; DorUt, pray, come here 




any more. Kati ua tohetohe; 
do not be so obstinate I 

Uaki, V. t. 1 launch ; fusli end- 
wise. Uakina mai te rakau na. 
2 liush a sliding door, so as 
either to open or shut ; hence 
simply, o'pen ; shut. 

Uanga, time, &c., of raining. See 

^ ua. 

Uapare, v.t. attribute to another 
what is charged to oneself. 

Uariia, n. cloak ivith a caqie to it. 

I. Ue, n. the moon on the fourth 
day ; also Oue. 

II. Ue, v.t. move a canoe with a 
paddle worked against the side ; 
scull; steer with a paddle. Uea 
to tatou waka ki waho. 

ueue, V. t. shake ; incite ; impel. 
Me he I'u na ano e ueue ana i a 
tuawahine. (132) 

Ueha, n. prop ; support. Homai 
tetahi rakau hei ueha mo te 

Ueke, a. callous. He kiri ueke. 

Uene, v. i. whine. 

Uepu, n. com2)any ; party. Tena 
ano tetahi uepu whakaae ; te- 
tahi uepu whakakahore. 

Uere, n. a shell-fish. 

Uha, a. female ; of animals. 

IJhi, n. an instrument used for 
puncturing the skin in tattooing. 
NGa uhi matarau a Uetonga. 


Uho, n. 1 heart of a tree. 2 um- 
bilical cord. Comp. iho. 

uho, a. sound. He riri ano ta te 
tawa uho, he riri ano ta te tawa 
para. (145) 

I. Uhu, v.t. perform certain cere- 
monies over the bones of the 
dead. Tae rawa atu matou 
meake mutu te uhu. Compare 

II. Uhii, n. larva of a small beetle 
which infests dry timber. 

Uhumanea, a. knoiving ; clever. 

I. Uhunga, n. derivative from 

II. Uhunga, v.t. cry over ; lament. 
Haere kia uliungatia koe. 

Uhiipoho, a. sci'uj)ulous. 

Ui, V. i. 1 ask; enquire. Katahi 
ka ui atu te wahine ra, he aha 
tau, i haere mai ai koe ki konei? 
2 relax or loosen a noose. I uia 
te kaha i te kaki o te manu. 3 
disentangle ; disengage. Uia te 
ika i te kupenga. 

Uira, V. i. gleam ; flash. Te uira 
o te ahi o te Arawa. (81) He 
taua pea tera, ina hoki nga pu 
ka uira mai nei. 

uira, n. lightning. Ka puta te 
hau, te ua, te uira, te whati- 

. tiji. (93) 

Uka, V. i. be fixed. E uka ana a 
raro o te pou i te one. 

ukauka, v. i. 1 be 2)reserved ; last. 
Kawea nga kai ki runga whata, 
kia ukauka ai 1110 etahi rangi. 
2 be sloiv ; be sluggish. Kihai 
i ukauka to matou whakatika- 
nga ake. 

Uki, n. ancient times. No uki, 
no nehe, no whakapata. 

ukiuki, n. old. 

Ukii, n. white clay. 

uku, v.t. wash, using clay for 
soap. Ka haere a Marutuahu 
ki te uku i tona mahunga ki te 

^ wai. (138) _ 

Ukui, V. t. wijK ; rub. 

ukui, n. tvhite clay. 

Ukiipapa, v. i. be all consumed; 
be dealt with tvithout exception. 
Compare oropapa. 

Ukupara, v.t. smudge. 

Uma, n. bosom, ; chest. 

Umaraha, a. 1 extended; wide. 
Kaore e pai to tatou pa ki 
konei, ke umaraha rawa. 2 
bewildered ; abroad. Katahi 




k;i uuijinilia iiga wliakaaro. 

Umere, v. i. 1 sing or chaunt, to 
keep time iu any united effort. 
2 shout in wonder, satisfaction, 
&c. Ano te niangai o te ta- 
ngata me te ia wai, e tangi ana 
te uuiere. (i6o) 

Umiki, V. t. h-averse; go round. 
Nana i umiki te whenua. 

Umii, n. native oven; hangi. Po- 
kia ta tatou lunu. 

whakaumu, n. hole dug in the 
ground to serve as a landmark, 
or to mark the spot where any- 
one has fallen in battle. 

Unahi, n. scale of a fish. 

unahi, v. t. scale a fish. Unahia 
nga ika nei. Compare inohi. 

Unene, v. i. heg imjiortunately. 
Here i te unene o te tangata 
nei ki taku pouaka. 

Unii, a V. t. 1 jndl off. Kei te 
unu i ona kakahu. 2 draw 
out. He tangata ke nana i tiki 
mai i unu nga titi. (66) 3 
bring out; exhibit. Ka unuhia 
te tere o te waka. ^ v. i. sZi^j 
out of a crowd. 

Unua, v.t. fasten two canoes to- 
gether side by side to form a 
double canoe. 

unua, n. double canoe. 

Unuora, n. object of intense offec- 
tiun. Kei tua e Tenga, unuora 
i ahau. 

Unga, V. t. 1 send. Ungaa atu 
tetahi tangata ki tawahi, ki te 
tiki kai. 2 cause to be born. 
Kahore he karakia i mahue nei 
hei unga mai i to tamaiti ki 
waho. (128) 

Unga, n. derivative from iii. U. 

Ungutu, a V. t. place things so 
that the ends touch one another. 
Ungutungutua nga motumotu. 
fi \.\. meet together. 

Upane, a. abreast; in even rank. 

Upane tonu tc haerc o te taua. 

UpokS, n. head; upper part. 
Kua mau te ringa o Rata ki te 
upoko; ka patua, ka mate. (55) 
Kei te npoko o te mara e takoto 

Upokohiie, n. 2)orpoise. 

Upokokawa, n. a fish; a variety 
of ^7noho.' 

Upokororo, n. prototi-octes oxy- 
rliyncJius ; grayling ; a fish. 

Upokotangata, n. cyperus uslu- 
latus ; a plant. 

Upokotiketike, n. a variety of 

Ura, V. i. 1 be red or brown. Ka 
ura te kanohi i te riri. 2 glow; 
especially of sunrise. Kaore 
ano i roa kau ake te uranga o 
te ra, kua po. (18) 

Uranga, n. derivative from in. U. 

Ure, n. membrum virile. 

ureure, n. fruit of kiekie or frey- 
cinetia Banksii. 

Uri, n. 1 offsp>ring ; descendants. 
To Tamure uri, tenei ano te ora 
nei. (174) 2 race. I mohiotia 
ai he uri makutu, no te tikanga 
iho a ona tupuna. (174) rela- 
tive; blood connexion. Ko wai 
tona uri i haere ai ia ki reira? 

I. Uru, n. 1 zvest. Kei te anga te 
kuwaha ki te uru. (no) 2 
head; iipper end. E kore e 
taka te uru a taua rakau. (92) 
3 part of an apparatus for 
catching bii'ds. Te uru o te 
taanga. 4 single hair. NGa 
uru o te upoko. 5 grove of 
trees. Kei te uru manuka e tu 
mai ra. 6 part of a fishing- 

II. Urii, V. i. join oneself; be associ- 
ated. Kia uru mai koe ki roto 
ki a matou, kia ora ai koe. 2 
2}articipate in an action ; become 
accessory. 3 reach a place; 




arrive. E kore matou e uru ki 

uru, v.t. rejKiir a mat, hy weav- 
ing in a new j^iece. Urua tou 

uruuru, a. angry. 

•whakauru, v.i. ally oneself; be 
joined. I whakauru etahi o 
NGatihine ki roto ki te Uri-o- 

whakauru, n. 1 ally. 2 avenger. 

Uruahii, n. tabooed julace where 
certain ceremonies were per- 

Uruhanga, n. sudden blast com- 
mencing a southerly wind. Kei 
mua o te hau te uruhano-a. 

Uruhua, n. swelling. 

Uruhumii, n. sivelling of the foot. 
See uruumu. 

Urukehu, a. light-haired. 

Uriikowhao, n. 1 leakage in a 
canoe through the holes made 
for the lashings of the 'rauawa.' 
2 any trifling damage. He 
urokowhao, e ki ana ko Heke- 

Urumaraki, n. north-west tvind. 

Urunga, n. 1 pillow. 2 rudder; 
steer-oar. 3 derivative from 

Uriingi, n. rudder; steering- 

urungi, v.t. steer. 

tjrupa, v.i. 1 catch in the water. 
Ka urupa tana hoe. 2 draw to 
an end. Ka urupa te mahi; 
the working season is over. 

urupa, n. 1 chance blow. 2 fence 
round a grave; burying -place. 

Uriipu, V. i. be brought to the 
point of doing anything. I te 
mea ka urupu nei tatou ki te 
titiro i te he, e kore e ahei kia 
hoki atu tatou ki tena main. 

Urupiiia, n. clumj) of trees. 

Urur6a, n. 1 a shell-fish. 2 a 

kind of shark. Kia matenga 
ururoa te tangata; a man 
should die game. 

Uriirua, a. 1 overgrown with 
bushes. Ka ururuatia te ara. 
2 revelling; luxuriating. Te 
kaki ururua; au main. (94) 

Uruta, a. ejndemic. He mate 

Uriitapu, a. untouched; in a 
state of nature. He ngahere- 
here urutapu. 

Uriitira, n. dorsal f 71 of a fish. 

Uriitoko, n. jjoles erected on a 
tuaahu, or sacred place. Ka 
whakaturia nga urutoko. (112) 

Urutomo, a. waterlogged. 

Uruumu, a. sivollen. Ka uru- 
umutia toku waewae; i tutuki 
ki te kowhatu. 

Uruuruwheniia, n. anything 
thrown on a ^wahi tajyii' for 
good luck. Compare whakau, 
5, under iii. u. 

Uta, n. 1 the land, as opposed to 
the water. Na, ka hoe nei 
ratou, a ka tae ki uta. (118) 2 
inland 2)0''>'ts, as opposed to the 

Uta, V. t. 1 y??*^ on board a canoe, 
&LC. Ka utaina nga utanga o 
ia waka, o ia waka. (70) 2 
load. Katahi ka utaina te 
waka o Hineiteiwaiwa. (36) 

utanga, n. burden ; freight. 

Uto, n. 1 revenge. Ka kainga te 
kanohi o te tupapaku hei uto 
mo tona teina. 2 object of one^s 
revenge; sworn enemy. Ka 
mate i a ia tona uto. See ito. 

Utonga, a. 1 uncooked; unrijje. 
He utonga te kai nei; kaore e 
reka. 2 hardened; callous. 
Kua utongatia te kiri. 

I. Utii, n. 1 return; jjrice paid; 
reward; ransom. Ko te utu 
tenei mo taku mahi. 2 satis- 

Utu 221 

faction for injuries received. 
No konei i mamingatia ai e 
Manaia taua iwi nei, kia kaha- 
kore ai ratou ki te rapu utu ma 
ratou. (i i8) 3 reply. 

utu, V. t. 1 pay for ; compensate. 
Utua taku inalii. 2 answer. 
Kaua e utuutua nga ki a te iwi 

"whakautu, n. a term of endear- 
ment, used in speaking of a 

whakautuutu, n. a kind of 
charm. (164) 


II. Utii, V. t. 1 dip up water. 
Utuhia mai he wai ki tekaraha. 
2/(7/ with water. Katahi ka utu 
te tangata ra i tana taha. (91) 

III. Utu, V. t. he stanched. Pono 
atu ahau ka utu te toto. 

Uwha, a. female of brutes. 
U"whang6, a. misty. 

I. Uwhi, n. a variety of potato. 

II. IJwhi, V. t. 1 cover. Tikina he 
tarutaru hei uwhiuwhi mo nga 
kete. 2 sp)rinkle. Uwhiuwhia 
nga kakahu ki te wai. 

Uwhikaho, n. yam. 


I. Wa, n. 1 definite space; interval; 

area ; region. 2 indefinite 
space ; unenclosed country. 
WHare tu ki te wa, he kai na 
te ahi. 3 time ; season. He 
wa mahi tenei ; kore matou 
e haere atu. 

wa, V. i. he far advanced. Ka wa 
te po. 

wawa, V. i. 1 he scattered; he 
sejmrated. Te tahuritanga o te 
pa, ka wawa noa atu nga ta- 
ngata. — I wawa nga rauawa ki 
raro. 2 he planted. Ka wawa 
nga purapura ki ro oneone. 

wawa, n. fence. Me piki au i 
runga i nga wawa o te pa nei. 


whakawa, v. t. 1 accuse ; hring 
a formal charge against. 2 
condemn. 3 investigate ; ad- 
judicate on. Hence, kai-wha- 
kawa ; judge. 

whakawa wa, a v. t. recriminate. 
Kati te wliakawawa i a koutou. 
(3 V. i. 1 tvra7igle. Otira, i 
matua whakawawa ano nga uri 
Tangaroa. (5) 2 take counsel. 

II. Wa. 

wawa, V. i. make a loud rumbling 
or roaring noise. WHakarongo 
ki te wawa o te tai. 


wawae, v. t. divide ; part ; sepa- 
rate. Me wawae te rahurahu 
hei ara. — Na te hara ahau i 
wawae mai. 

wae, n. leg ; foot. Kua tokari 
taku wae. 

wae wae, n. 1 leg ; foot. 2, foot- 
mark. Ka hahauria e tetahi, a 
ka kitea ki nga wae wae e 
takoto ana, ahu tonu ki roto. 
(202) 3 shrouds of a canoe- 

WHakakite waewae, or tutii 
wae wae ; dance the tvar dance, 
from the performance of which 
it was usual to augur well or 
ill of the expedition. Katahi 
ka whakakite te taua ra i tona 
waewae. (41) — Kia kitea te wae- 
wae tangata ; i.e. as soon as it 
hegins to get light. 

waenga, n. 1 circumstance, time 
or 'place of dividing ; division ; 
dividing line. 2 p>ortion inark- 
ed off by a dividing line. 3 




the middle ; the midst ; without 
any article, and with the fol- 
lowing noun in the position of 
an adjective. Kei te rapu a 
Taka i tana poaka i waenga 
parae. If no other noun is ex- 
pressed, mara is generally un- 
derstood. Tera te koroheke ra 
kua tae ki waenga e karakia 
ana. (201) 

Waea, v. i. he weary. Ka waea 
oku waewae i te haerenga. 

Waea, n. wire. 

Waehaua, a, lame. 

Waekahu, n. muhlenbeckia com- 
plexa ; a plant. 

Waenga, see under wae. 

Waenganui, waengapu, "wae- 
ngarahi, n. tlie midst. Kei 
waenganui te whare, te 
taiepa ; between the house and 
the fence. 

Waerau, n. crab : crayfish. 

Waere, v. t. clear by cutting down 
wood, &c. 

"waerenga, n. clearing for culti- 

Waero, n. 1 tail of an animal. 
2 hair of a dog's tail. Puhi- 
puhi rawa te paua ki te waero. 
(21) Kahu-waero ; mat covered 
ivith hair of dogs' tails. Waero- 
hume; cur. 

Waeroa, n. mosquito. 

Waerou, n. chdjfooted. 

Waerurii, n. a variety of potato. 

Waewae, see under wae. 

Waewaekaka, n. gleichenia 
hecistopJiylla, ; a plant. 

Waewaekoukou, n. lycopodium 
voJuhile ; a plant. 

I. Waha, n. 1 mouth. Kihai te 
matau i mau ki te waha o te 
ika. (117) 2 voice. Ka hama- 
ma mai te waha, 'Etia'; he 
waha tangata. (116) 3 sheet of 
a sail. 4 middle portion of a 

seine. 5 region. Kua tae mai 
a Te Waru, Mangaaruhe, o 
te waha ki uta o te Wairoa. 

waha, a. chipped ; broken. Com- 
pare hawa. 

wahawaha, n. a shell-fish. 

II. Waha, v. t. carry on the back. 
Wahaa ana e ia a Tawhaki ki 
to raua whare. (45) 

whakawaha, v. t. 1 load with a 
burden; take up on the back. 
WHakawaha e koi'o ma ; ka 
haere tatou. 2 sfa7't ; set in 
motion. I whakawahaa he ope. 

Wahaika, n. a wooden weapon 
of war. 

Wahakawa, a. having a distaste 
for ordinary food. Na Hotu- 
nui au i ngare mai ki tetehi 
ika mana ; he wahakawa nona. 


Wahanga, n. derivative from 

Wahanga, n. from 11. waha. 

Wahangohi, n. a wooden weapon; 
the same as wahaika. 

Wahangu, a. dumb ; quiet. 

Wahapu, n. mouth of a bay or 

Waharoa, n. entrance to a forti- 
fied pa. 

Wahi, or wa wahi, v. t. 1 split; 
divide. Wahia ana; ka paka- 
ru; ko Matatua tetehi para, ko 
Aotea tetehi. (109) 2 break 
open ; lay open ; disclose. Wa- 
wahia nga korero: kati me he 
purupuru i nga korero. 

wahi, n. 1 part; portion. Te 
tohu o Manaia i kitea ai, ko 
tetahi wahi o te ringa, he mea 
whakairo. (93) — Wahi iti ; ivith- 
in a little ; almost. 2 place ; 
locality. Waiho tonu iho hei 
ingoa mo tena wahi a Katikati 
o Tamatekapua. (78) 





whakawahi, v. t. anoint. Kua 
oti ni^'a turi to whakawiilii ki 
to liinii. Conip. towahiwahi. 

Wahie, n. firewood. Ka ki ake 
a Tawhaki, 'Tikiua he wahie 
moku.' (78) 

Waiiina, n. virgin. 

Walling, n. 1 ivoman. E noho 
a tinana tonu ana te wahine, 
te tamariki, te tane. (152) 2 
wife. Ka mata te umu a Kui- 
wai, wahine a Manaia. (82) 
Plural ■wahine. 

whakawahine, n. strijj of wood 
supporting the 'karaho' of a 
canoe; ^kauhua.' 

Waho, n. 1 the ontside. Ka taki- 
takina te taniwha kia pamaro 
ai te haerenga mai ki waho o 
tona rua. (151 ) — Ki waho ; ad- 
verbally ; out. 2 the open sea, 
away from land. Ka mea atu 
nga tuakana, 'Tukua atu te 
punga i konei.' Ka mea atu ia, 
'Kanaka; engari me hoe I'awa 
ki waho noa atu.' (20) 

I. Wai, pron., interrogative, tvJio? 
Ko wai tenei e haere mai nei? 
Often used when the speaker 
either cannot or cares not to 
give the names. Muri iho ko 
Mairatea, muri iho ko wai, ko 
wai, ko wai, a muri iho ko 
WHakatau-potiki. (39) Ka oti 
o ratou waka, ka huaina nga 
ingoa, ko WHiritoa 

ko wai waka atu hoki, ko wai 
waka atu hoki. (40) 

II. Wai, n. 1 water or any liquid. 
E kui, kawea atu tetahi wai mo 
te manuhiri. (168) 2 vessel to 
hold wa er ; calabash. 3 hag of 
a fishing-net. E wha nga wai 
o te kupenga. ^food cooked as 
jKirt of the Hohi^ ceremony, of 
which males only might par- 

III. Wai. 

■whaka"wai, v. i. entice; beguile. 
Aua e whakarongo ki tana mahi 

whaka^wai, n. jamb of doorway 
or window opening. 

Waia, V. i. 1 be accustom.ed. Tau 
mahi, e te kaki ka waia ki te 
kai taniwha! (155) 2 be 
strained; he filled with tears. 
Ka waia nga kanohi i te tiro- 

Waiarangi, a. red. 

Waiari, n. small kumai'a. 

Waiariki, n. hot spring. 

Waiata, n. song. Ka whaka- 
kitea nga mahi a Raukatauri i 
reira; te waiata, te putorino, te 
koauau. (37) 

waiata, v. t. or v.i. sing. 

whakaAvaiata, n. a fish. 

Waiaua, n. porpoise. 

Waiehu, n. a fish. 

Waiha, n. a variety of the small 

Waihakihaki, n. itch or other 
cutaneous disease. 

Waihanga, v. t. make. See 

Waihape, v. i. tack ship ; go 
a lion t. 

Waihinau, n. a kind of mat. 

Waiho, v.i. 1 be left. Piki atu 
he maunga, waiho iho ona tapui 
i reiva, he patupaiarehe. (80) 2 
let he. Me he mea he kotiro, 
waiho te ingoa i a Paretuahu. 
(136) 4 followed by 'hei,' he; 
be regardi d. E kore au e waiho 
hei tata i te wai o to tatou 
waka? (20) 

Waihoe, n. 1 rate of speed in 
rowing, kc. Kotahi ta matou 
waihoe i Tuaheni a tae noa mai 
ki konei. 2 tenour of a .speech. 

Waihoki, ad. likewise; in like 




WaiikS,, a. dry, of seasons. He 

tau waiika. 
Waikari, n. ditch. See wai- 

Waikauere, v. i. be without 

energy ; he subdued. ISTa te 

karakia matou i waikauere ai 

ki te riri. 
Waikeo, n. a fish. 
Waikeri, n. ditch. 
Waikorohuhu, v.i. be subdued ; 

he listless. 
Waikiira, n. rust. 
Waimarie, a. 1 quiet ; meek. 2 

lucky. Ko Pi anake o runga 

o to matou waka i waimarietia 

e te ika. — E ! te waimarie ! 

What luck! 
WaimSha, a. insipid ; distasteful. 

Rapu noa i nga kao nei, te 

whai para ; he waimeha anake. 

— Korero atu i aua korero, ko- 

rero atu ; a, waimehatia ana. 
Waina, n. 1 vine ; wine. 2 a 

variety of kumara. 
"Wainamu, a. having a dislike to 

certain kinds of food. 
Waingenge, n. a kind of shark. 
Waingohia, a. 1 easy. Koia ano 

te waingohia o tenei pukapuka 

ki a au. 2 pleased. Waingoliia 

ana tera ki to tatou taenga 

Waiora, n. sjjaces between the 

tattooed lines. 
Waipu, n. sound of the firing of 

Waipiike, n. flood. Na te wai- 

puke i kore ai e tae to matou 

Wairakau, n. inanure. 
Wairangi, a. 1 beside oneself. 

Kua whakawairangi noa ake te 

ngakau ki te kai o ia wahine. 

(167) 2 foolish. Nona ano 

tona wairangi ki te tahae, me 

tona whiu. 

WS,irS.nii, n. gravy. 

Wairaraua, n. gravy; juice. 

Wairau, n. glea7iings of potato 
or kumara. 

Waireka, a. agreeable ; in favour. 
Kia wairekatia ki reira, e kore 
e hoki. 

Wairori, v.i. turn round. 

Wairiia, n. 1 spirit. 2 unsub- 
stantial image; shadow. 

■whakawairua, v.i. 1 be repre- 
sented by an unsubstantial 
image. E whakawairua mai ra 
te waka i roto i te wai. 2 ap- 
pear dim and shadowy. Kei 
whea te waka nei? — E, e whaka- 
wairua kau ana. 

Waitahinga, n. ditch. 

Wai tau, v.i. 1 moulder ; perish. 
WHarikitia te rua, kei waitau 
ake nga kai. 2 be worn out; 
be faint. Kua waitau te nga- 
kau i te tirohanga. 

Waitohi, n. a charm repeated be- 
fore engaging in battle. 

Waitohii, n. mark. 

"waitohu, v.t. mark an animal. 
Waitohungia a tatou poaka. 

Waituhi, n. a kind of 'karakia.' 
I reira ka kawea kia whaka- 
waituhutia te wahine ra. (79) 

Waitutu, a. dark in colour. 
Kiri-waitutu ; dark-skinned. 

Waiu, n. milk. Waiu-o-Kahu- 
kura ; eujjhorbia glauca, a 

Waiuatiia, n. rhabdothamnus 
Solandri ; a plant. 

Waiwaha, n. bed or land in a 
kumara field. 

Waiwaia, a. beautiful. 

Waka, n. 1 canoe. Ka oti nga 
waka ra te waihanga, ka toia ki 
waho manu ai. (70) 2 anything 
shaped like a canoe ; as a box 
for feathers, (fee. 3 medium of 
an 'atua.' WHakaeke kau ana 




a Hakawau ki to pn o te waka 
o aua atua, ka kitea niai e 
haere atu ana te waka o enei 
atua. (177) 

waka"waka, n. parallel ridges. 
E rua iiga wakawaka o te mara 
nei ka oti. 

Wakawa, a. having a distaste for 
food. See wahakawa. 

Wakea, n. appetite. Kahore e 
rere te wakea ; said of unsatis- 
fying food. 

Wana, v. i. bud; shoot. 

wana, n. 1 young shoot. 2 stake 
or paling of a fence. 3 divi- 
sion of a heap of food as placed 
at the time of a 'hakari.' Ko- 
tahi wana i a matou. 

wanawana, n. 1 sjnnes ; bristles. 
Tu-te-wanawana; bristle up ; be- 
come exasperated. Ta koutou, 
he mea kia tu te wanawana o 
te iwi nei. 2Jear; thrill. Ka 
rere mai te wanawana i te 
aranga matua ki te riri. 

whakawanawana, v. i. throw 
out bristles; throw out rays. 
Ka whakawanawana te ra. 

Wani, V. t. 1 scrape. Kei te 
waniwani riwai nga wahine. 2 
skhyi along ; touch lightly ; graze. 
Wani mai ana i runga i nga 
maunga. — Kia wani te waka ki 
tera taha. 3 brush or comb the 
hair. Kei te wani a Rehe i 
tona mahunga. 

wani, n. sticks for obtaining fire 
by friction. See kauahi. 

Wao, n. forest. Naku koe i tiki 
ki te wao nui a Tane. 

wawao, v.t. 1 part combatants. 
Waona nga tamariki nei; aua 
e tukua kia whawhai. 2 dis- 
tract one^s attention. I ware- 
ware au ki tena; na te maha o 
nga korero i wawao. 3 defend 
from enemies. Ka haere ia ki 

te wawao i a tatou ; ki te arai 
atu i tatou hoa-riri. 4 ward 


WS,ok6, n. bushman. 

WS,oku, n. dense forest. E noho 
ana ki te waoku, he pukepuke 
ki tetahi taha, he pukepuke ki 
tetahi taha. 


wS,warS,, v.i. make an indistinct 
sotmd; murmur; rustle. E 
Rehua, kaore ranei koe i rongo 
wawara o raro nei na? (33) 

Warahoe, a. false. He hunga 
warahoe koutou. 

I. Warg, a. 1 mean in social 
position. Ko taua moenga, he 
moenga rangatira iho ano; e 
kore nga ware e moe i reira. 2 

wareware, a. 1 forgetful. I 
wareware pea koe ki ta taua 
korero. 2, forgotten. Ka ware- 
ware i a au te ingoa o tenei 

whakaware, v. t. 1 distract one's 
atte7ition; hinder. I whaka- 
warea ahau e te manuhiri i roa 
ai. 2 beguile. 

II. Ware, n. viscous fluid; spittle; 
exudation from trees. 

Warea, v. pass, be occupied; be 
absorbed. Tino omanga o te 
iwi ra ki roto ki te pa, ki nga 
patu; warea ki reira, e haere 
marie ana a Te Ponga ma. 
(171) — No te wareatanga e te 
moe o te tangata, ka haere te 
wahine nei ka oma. (144) 

Warehou, n. neiytonemus brama; 
a fish. 

Wari, n. potato that has become 
watery through age or frost. 

wari wari, n. gar-fish; Hakeke.' 

I. Waro, n. burning coals; char 

II. War6, n, deep hole or pit; 




owing to natural causes, as 
decay of trees, &c. Kore kau 
noa ake kia kitea tetalii waro, 
kia pera, me te w^aro o Peke- 
haua. (158) 

III. War6. 

wawaro, v. i. sound indistinctly. 
He reo tangata tena e wawaro 
mai na. 

wa^waro, or waro-waro, n. in- 
distinct sound of voices; mur- 

I. Waru, a. eight. 'E waru pu' 
is sometimes used ironically for 
not at all; by no means. Kia 
mahue te whanake o Paoa? E 
waru pu te mahue ki raro. (193) 

II. Waru, V. t. scrajye; shave; cut 
the hair. Ka mahara a Manaia 
kia tuturia he tangata, hei ohu 
waru mo ana tao. (117) 


■wawata, v. t. desire earnestly ; 
long for. E wawata puku ana 
tetehi, me tetehi, ki a raua ake. 


wawata, a. in small hwips. He 
oneone wawata. 

watawata, a. full of holes; per- 

Watea, a. 1 ri^iocciijned ; clear. 
He whare watea tena. 2 cau- 
tioiis. Kia watea te tango i to 

Wati, n. watch. 


wawau, v.i. 1 qiiarrel; ivrangle. 
2 make a noise. 

wawau, n. 1 noise. 2 coward. 

Wawa, a. scattered. Ta taua 
haere! wawa noa atu. 

Wawe, ad. 1 soon. E kore tatou 
e tae wawe atu. 2 first. E 
tatari tonu mai ai a Kiki, ko 
Tamure te kai wawe i taua 
hangi tapu, kia hohoro ai a 
Tamure te mate. (173) 


wewe, v.i. yelp, as a dog. 

Wehe, or wehewehe, v.t. di- 
vide; detach. Ko Rangi raua 
ko Papa e pipiri tonu ana, kaore 
ano i wehea noatia. (i) 

wehe, V. i. he enraptured , he 
transp>orted with delight. Ka 
wehe te Hauhau i te rekareka. 

wehe, a. deficient in food. He 
tau wehe; a year of scarcity. 

Weheriia, a. 1 divided; leading 
hy different routes. He ara 
weherua. — Ka weherua te po; 
it is midnight. 2 in doubt; 
anxious. Ka weherua au ki te 
kupu a Karauria. 

Wehi, v.i. be afraid. Heoi, ka 
whati te ope ra i te wehi ano 
ki nga tuaitara e tutu haere ana 
mai. (150) 

wehi, a. terrible. Heoi te mea i 
ahua wehi mai [ko nga kanohi]. 

wehiwehi, n. spines, as in the 

dorsal fin of a fish. 
whakawehi, v.t. terrify. 
Weiweia, a. of low degree. He 

tangata weiweia. 
weiweia, n. diver ; a bird. 
Weka, n. ocydromus australis; 

wood-hen; a bird. 
Wekeweke, n. sonchus asper; 

indigenous sowthistle. 
Wekiki, v. i. quarrel. Na wai 

nga tamariki e wekiki mai ra? 
Weko, V. i. be extinguished. Kua 

weko te ahi. 
Wekii, v.t. catch hold of; hook; 

tear. Ka wekua tona pake e te 

rakau, ka motu nga hukahuka, a 

tupu tonu ake hei rakau nui. (80) 
wekil, n. bush; wood. 
Wene, n. 1 shoot of a convolvulus 

or gourd. 2 food. 
wene, a. many ; very numerous 

(of small things). He wene, he 




wene, lie wene noa atu. — Ka 
mutu nga wene korero o tenei 

wenewene, u. 1 calabash gourd; 
C'ucurbita sp. 2 a large moth. 

whaka"wene, v. t. make hito a 

WenSrei, n. Wednesday. 

Wepu, n. tvhip. 

Wera, n. whale. 

Wera, a. 1 burnt. Ka wera i 
kona a te Arawa i te ahi. (8i) 
2 heated; hot. Kua wera te 

■wera, n. heat. Kua rite tahi 
tona auetanga ki to Maui aue- 
tanga i te wera o te ahi. (24) 

werawera, a warm. 

Were, or wereAvere, v.i. Jiang; 
be suspended. E werewere mai 
ra te kete i runga i te rakau. 

■whakawerewere, v.t. suspend. 

Weri, n. 1 root; rootlet. Me te 
weri manuka, e nanapi nei ki 
raro ki te whenua. 2 centip)ede. 

weri, v.i. take root in one^s ears; 
be heard. Korerotia ra kia awe 
te weri. — Kia weria ki roto ki 
nga taringa. 

"weriweri, a. 1 digusting ; offen- 
sive. He kai weriweri. 2 dis- 
gusted; provoked. 

Wero, v.t. 1 pierce; spear. Tu- 
taki ana i taua wahine nei e 
wero manu ana mana (95) 2 
throw a spear; dart. Na ka 
tatu, ka werohia ki a Rupe. 

wevrero, v.t. strike with a spear. 
E wewero patiki ana. 

"weroTvero, v.i. shoot or be pro- 
pelled in numbers. Ka wero- 
wero te liina o ona makawej 
said of grey hairs appearing 
here and there. 

Weroku, v. i. be extinguished. 
Kua weroku te ahi. 


W6r6-ta,ringa, n. a kind of rough 

W6ru, AvSw^grii, or -weruTveru, 

n. garment. Kua riro nga 
weruweru i a Tohitapu. — Kua 
tirohia iho ki nga weweru, he 
mea tapeka, ka mohio tonu iho 
no tawhiti tenei tira. (147) 
Weruweru is often used especi- 
ally of finely-woven flax mats 
with broad ornamental border. 

Weta, n. an insect. 

Wetangotango, a. very dark. 
Pouri wetangotango te nga- 

Wetara, n. seed potatoes which 
throiv up) a very weak shoot. 


we'wete, v. t. untie; unravel. 
Wetekia te tau o tou kakahu. 


wetiweti, a. loathsome; disgust- 

"whakaweti, v. t. threaten. He 
kupu whakaweti. 

Weti, v.t. weigh. 

Weto, v.i. be extingrdshed. Kua 
weto tana ahi. (24) 

Wetoki, v.i. swhn in shoals. He 
aha te ika e wetoki mai nei? 

Weu, n. single hair; fibre; root- 

WiKi, n. 1 week. 2 wick. 

Winiwini, v.i. shudder. Wini- 
wini ana te kiri i te mataku. 

WiRA, n. wheel. 

WiRA, n. will. 

I. Wiri, V. i. tremble. He makariri 
noku i wiri ai ahau. 

whakawiri, v. i. tremble; feel 
anxious. Tenei te ngakau te 
whakawiri noa atu nei ki a koe 
e pokia mai na e te rehu o te pu. 

II. Wiri, V. t. bore. 
■wiri, n. gimlet; auger. 
whakawiri, v. t. twist; vxring. 

Katahi te tama ka whakatika: 



whakawiria iho te tau o te patu 
ki te ringa. (29) 

whaka'wiri, a. twisted. He ra- 
kau whakawiri. 

Wita, n. 1 one of the fences form- 
ing the fortification of a pa out- 
side the 'katua' or main fence. 
To waho, he pekerangi; to roto 

mai he wita. 

with rain. 
WiTi, n. wheat, 
Wivri, n. rushes 

various species. 
WuRU, n. wool. 
WuRUHi, n. wolf. 


2 south wind 




I. WHa, di..four. 

II. WHa, v.i. be disclosed; get 
abroad. Ka wha i konei te 
tahae a Ruatapu. 

III. WHa. 

■whawha, v. t. feel with the hand; 
handle ; lay hold of. WHa- 
wharia mai ana e Uenuku, ho- 
romia oratia ana taua tamaiti. 

"whawha, n. sheathing j)edicel of 
'taro' leaf. 

WHae, n. a term of address to 
an elderly woman. Contracted 
from whaea. E whae, tikina 
nga ika. (118) 

WHaea, n. tnother. 

WHaereere, n. dam ; mother of 

I. WHai, n. 1 trygon thalassia ; 
sting-ray ; a fish. 2 a game ; 
cat^s cradles. 

II. WHai, a. 1 settled; constantly 
resident. He tangata whai 
ahau. 2 possessing. He ta- 
ngata whai mana. 3 acquiring 
shajie or character. Na toku 
tipuna au i awhi, a whai ta- 
ngata ana ahau. 

III. WHai, V. t. 1 follow ; pursue. 
Kit kite koutou i te waka e 
whai mai ana i muri i a matou. 
(173) WHainga-kai ; augui'y 
from catching birds, fish, &c. 
2 look for ; go in search of. I 

haere atu ki te whai wahie. 3 
aim at ; design. E whai ana a 
Paka kia riro te whenua i a ia. 
4 court; woo. He whai ta 
Taka i a Te Kahu hei wahine 
mana. 5 proceed to the next in 
order. E karakia ana te koro- 
heke ra ; kua oti tetahi karakia, 
e whai ana ki tetahi. (201) 6 
whai i te kawa; perforin the 
ceremonies for removing the 
'tapu' from a house. 

■whawhai, v.i. fght. Ka tohe 
tonu te taua ki te whawhai ki 
nga tangata o roto o taua pa. 

■whawhai, a v. i. be in haste ; be 
hurried. He whawhai nona kia 
rokohanga ai nga tangata ki te 
kainga. /3 v. t. chide. 

whaiwhai, v. t. chase ; hunt. 
Kua riro a Te Puni ki te 
whaiwhai poaka. — ^WHaiwhai- 
korero. See under whai- 

whainga, n. 1 circumstance, &c. 
of purstiinq, &c. 2 enmity ; 
hostility. Kei hea te tangata 
hei ki mo te whainga? 3 cere- 
mony of removing Hapu.^ I 
mea ia kia patua he tangata hei 
whainga mo tona whare. 

WHaiaipo, v.i. be in love with a 
person. See ipo. 

■whaiaipo, n. sweetheart. Ka 

WHaiapu 22^ 

moe a Tutanolcai i tana wliai- 
aipo, i a Hinemoa. (134) 
WHaiapu, a. Maro wliaiapu; a 
kind of apron ov petticoat made 
of dressed flax. 
WHaiawa, n. bed of a river. 
WHaihanga, v.t. 1 make; build. 
Ka oti ra nga waka ra te wliai- 
hanga, ka toia ki waho nianu 
ai. (70) 2 rfo; busy oneself 
with. Ta te ope whailianga, he 
ngahau ; kaore e mohio, ka 
mate ratou. (92) 
WHaiki, v. i. make a formal 
speech. Koia nei a maua 
whaiki i reira. 
WHaikorero, v.i. make an ora- 
tion ; speak in a formal ivay. 
WHakatika ki te whaikorero. 
— Ka tae ki te marae te ra- 
ngatira o taua pa, ka noho ka 
whai whaik ore ro. (166) 
WHaina, n.fine. 
WHaioio, n. anthus Novm Ze- 

landia;, a bird. 
whaioio, a. very numerous. He 

tini whaioio. 
WHairo, or -whairoiro, v.i. be 
dimly seen; be imperfectly un- 
WHaita, and "whaitaita, v. i. 

distort one^ s features ; grin. 
WHaitaua, n. a party which 
comes to the assistance of an- 
other in time of war. 
WHaiti, a. narrow; compact. 
whakawhaiti, v. t. put into 
small space. Me whakawhaiti 
nga rakau. 
WHaitiri, n. thunder. 
WHaitohii, v.t. distinguish with 

a mark. 
WHaitSkS., n. doorway ; Jront 

part of a house. 
WHaitua, n. side ; region. Kei 
tera whaitua o te manga. — I te 
hoki putuputu tonu o te tira o 


tetahi whaitua, o tetahi whai 
tua. (160) 

WHaiwhaia, v.i. bewitch; in 
jure, by cliarms. Kua whai- 
wliaiatia toku matua e Maru. 

whaiwhaia, n. ivitchcraft. 

WHai-whairoroa, v. i. j^ersevere ; 
be tirgent. E whaiwhairoroa 
nei koutou ki te pana i te iwi 

WHaka, prep, torvards ; in the 
directio7i of Horahia te titiro 
whaka waho. In composition, 
1 with an adjective or an in- 
transitive verb, forming an in- 
transitive verb, it denotes an 
approach to, or commencement 
of the condition indicated. Kua 
whakatata a Te Ponga ma ki te 
tauranga i Manuka. (171) 2 
with a noun forming an in 
transitive verb, it signifies an as- 
sumption of the character which 
the noun expresses. Engari 
kia mate whakatane. 3 when 
it forms a transitive verb, it 
is always causative : whakaku- 
kupa ; make into a pigeon. (33) 
whakaririki ; make small. (118) 
whakahoki; ca^ise to return. 
(109) Other varieties and mo- 
difications of meaning will be 
found under the word to which 
'whaka' is prefixed in each 
case. 'WHaka' is sometimes 
contracted to 'wha.' 

WHaka, v.t. perhaps contracted 
from whakaea, make an im- 
viediate return for anything. 
Hei whaka nga parareka nei 
mo nga kai a NGaitahupo. 
rejyly to. Kahore ano kia wha- 
katia mai taku korero. — He 
patu whaka ; a retiirn blow. 

WHaka, n. fork. 

WHakakumu, n, a creeping 




'WH.Si^a.piopio, mctrosideros scan- 
dens ; a climbing plant. 

WHakariia, n. north-east sea 
breeze. If moderate, it is 'wha- 
karua matariki;' if very strong 
it is 'whakarua hikanui.' 

WHakatauki, n. proverb ; say- 

WHaki, V. t. conjess ; reveal. 
WHakina mai te tahae. 


•whaTvhaki, •whaki'whaki, v.t. 
pluck off; tear off ; gather fruit 
&c. WHakiia mai he pititi ma 

WHakoekSe, v.t. tickle. 

WHakoma, v.t. eat. 

WHakorSkore, for Tvhaka- 
korekore, v.t. deny. WHa- 
korekore tonu mai ia ki taua 
korero. See kore. 

WHakurii, v.t. pelt. 

I. WHanS,, v. i. 1 go or come. I 
a matou i whana mai. Com- 
pare -whanatu, and -whano. 
2 7'ecoil; sjn-ing back; as a bow. 
8 kick. Kei mate koe i te 
whana a te hoiho. 4 rebel. E 
whai tonu ana mai hoki tenei 
mea, te kino, i a tatou. E 
kore e taea te whakamana- 
wanui : e whana ana te ngakau. 


"Whana, n. spring made of a bent 
stick, in a trap for rats or 

whana, a. bent; bowed. He ra- 
-kau whana. 

II. WHanS,, n. company ; party ; 
people. Ka ara tetahi wliana. 
Compare hunga. 

WHanaiho, v. i. go or come doivn. 
See I. -whana. 

WHanake, v.i. move onwards 
or uptvards. See ake. Kua 
whanake te tai ; the tide has 
Jlowed. E whanake ana te 

rakau nei ; this tree is grow 

■whanake, n. 1 steam. Ka huhu 
ake te whanake. 2 cordyline 
aust7-alis ; a tree. 3 a rough 
garment made from the leaves 
of the above plant. Ko te wha- 
nake o Paoa, e kore e mahue ki 
raro. (191) 

WHanako, v.t. steal. Ka mau 
tana whanako. (95) 

WHanariki, n. brimstone. Com- 
pare ngaw^hariki. 

WHanatii, v. i. 1 go; go away. 
2 grow; become. He kai ka 
whanatu ka momohangatia. 

WHanau, v. i. 1 go. 2 grow; 
become. 3 bend down. Ka 
whanau iho te rakau. 

whanSunga, n. relative; blood 
relation. He whanaunga pu a 
Kawiti ki a Te Koki. 

WHanau, v. i. 1 be born. I muri 
tonu mai tenei o tona whanau- 
tanga. (19) 2 6e in childbed. 
Ka rite nga ra e whanau ai te 
wahine. (127) 

whanau, n, 1 offspring. Te 
whanau a Tane. (55) 2 a 
familiar term of address to a 
number of people. Engari, e te 
whanau, kei aroha tatou ki 
tona auetanga. (19) 

whakawhanau, v.i. come to the 
birth. Eliara koa pea i te 
whakawhanau tau e mamae na 
koe. (128) 

WHanewhane, n. liver. 

WHano, v.i. 1 verge towards; be 
on the point of. Ka whano ka 
o te upoko ki roto ki te kaha. — 
Ka whano mate taua maia. (80) 
^ proceed to do; goon. Mahara 
tonu ratou ki nga whanonga a 
to ratou tupuna wahine. (165) 

WHanoke, a. acting strangely; 
extraordinary ; outrageous. Hua 

WHanowhanoa 231 

noa he ope patu tangata; kaorc, 
he whanoke. (158) 
WHanowhanoa, n. vexation ; 
feeliiKj of a'}i)ioyance. Ka mate 
au i te wlianowhanoa. 

I. "WHaniii, a. broad; ivide. 

II. WHaniii, n. the star Vega or 
a Lyrtv. 

I. WHangS,, v. i. rvait; lie in 
wait. Ka whanga te wahine 
nei ki era tungane ona. (45) 

Avhanga whanga, v.i. he trouble- 
some. He aha tau e whanga- 
whanga nei? 

II. WHanga, n. 1 bay. 2 any 
place on one side. WHaka- 
rerea atu te rakau nei ki te 

w^hangaw^hanga, n. 1 small 
green caterjnllar, which has feet 
near the ends of its body, and 
progresses by looping itself. 2 
chrysalis of '■whe.^ 

III. WHanga, v. t. 1 measure with 
the extended arms. WHangaa 
te rakau nei. 2 rej^eat after 

WHangai, v. t. 1 feed; nourish; 
bring up. Ka puta atu a 
Rongorongo ki waho, ki te 
whangai i a Taneroroa. (108) 
2 offer to be eaten. I whangaia 
atu nga kuku hei kai ma tana 
manuhiri. — WHangai i te hau; 
make an offering to an 'ati;a.' 
Ka whangaia te hau mo ana 
main. (17) See hau. 

whangai, v. i. increase in size; 

w^hangawhangai, n. a charm. 


WHangai-hau, n. 1 a song over 
the dead. 2 a ceremony per- 
formed over those who slay an 
enemy in battle. See hau. 

WHangai -karoro, n. mactra 
discors; a shell-fish. 


WHangai-mokopuna, n. a fish. 
WHanganga, v. t. measure with 

the extended arms, or with the 

WHango, a. hoarse; inarticulate; 

having a nasal sound. He reo 

whawhango, a. somewhat hoarse. 
WHangongo, n. food for a sick 


I. WHao, n. iron tool; chisel; 

whaowhao, v.t. carve wood, &c. 

II. WHao, or whawhao, v.t. 
passive forms whaona, whao- 
ngia, and whaow^hina, 1 j)'^''^ 
into a bag or otlier receptacle. 
Kua whaougia te parera ki roto 
ki te kete. 2 fill. Ka whaona 
te whare e nga tangata, ka 
mano tini ki roto. (61) 

WHao, V. t. grasp greedily. Mau- 
ria mai ki konei kai ai, kei 
whaotia e te poaka. 

WHapiiku, n. oligorus gigas; a 

I. WHara, n. 1 inat used as a 
carpet. 2 sail of a war-canoe. 
Mo te waka taua anake te ra 
whara; i mangungutia. 3 a 

wharawhara, n. astelia Banksii; 
a plant. 

II. WHara, v i. he hit accident- 
ally. I wliara toku waewae i 
te kamaka. WHara-kai; taste 
food. Kahore ano te turoro i 

WHarahi, a. broad; tvide. 
WHaraki, n fester; sore. 
WHaraniii, n. a variety of phor- 

mium tenax, usually scraped 

with a shell; called also taroa. 
WHarS,ngi, n. leaf of a book ; 

WHarangi, n. melicope ternata; 

a tree. 




WHarangi-piro, n. olearia fur- 
Juracea; a shrub. 

WHarara, v. i. 1 lean. Me wha- 
rara ki te pakitara o te whare. 
2 stooiy. Ka wharara tona 

WHarariki, n. 1 phormiiom 
Colensoi; an inferior kind of 
New Zealand flax. 2 mat used 
as a carpet. 

WHarau, n. shed or booth made 
of brandies of trees. 

WHaraurarahi, a. large; exten- 
sive. Kia wharaurarahi nga 

WHare, n. 1 house; hut; shed. 
Haere atu koe i roto i tenei 
whare. (lo) 2 the people in a 
house. E te whare nei! titiro 
taua ki te tangata nei. (6i) 3 
He whare hau; a bank of clouds 
betokening wind. 

wharevrhare, n. a fish. 

WHaremoa, a. holloiv. He 
whareraoa te rakau, ka ma- 

WHarengarara, n. 1 a para- 
sitical plant. 2 2yi^^^6a ^^ro- 
strata; a plant. 

WHarepu, n. a kind of shark. 

WHS,repiini, n. hut to sleep in. 

WHarerangi, n. store-house built 
upon posts. 

WHaretangata, n. connexion by 
marriage. Kawea te kakahu 
mo tou wharetangata. 

WHareumii, n. cooking-shed. 

WHare-whare-atua, n. pitto- 
s])ornm cornifolium ; a shrub. 

WHariki, v. t. 1 spr-ead out, as a 
carpet; lay on the groutid. 2 
cover with a carjiet, &c. Ka 
wharikitia te roro o te whare ki 
te takapau, hei nohoanga mo te 
manuhiri. (192) 

Whariki, n. anything used as a 
carpet. Kia moata ki te wha- 

riki mo te kainga nei, mo te 
whare hoki. (192) 

'whSiVi^i, S:. flat ; spread out. He 
kino te rauawa o te waka nei, 
he whariki rawa hoki. 

WHarite, for whakarite, v. t. 
WHaritea te roa o te rakau nei. 
See rite. 

WHaritiia, v. i. be hidden by any 
object; be out of sight. Ka 
wharitua ia ahau. 

WHaro, ■wha^vharo, or "wharo- 
■wharo, a v. t. scrape. E wharo- 
wharo ana ia i te riwai. /3 v. i. 
clear the throat; cough; expec- 

WHarona, v. i. lie in a hea.p. 
Hei kona wharona ai nga wahie. 

wharona, n. heap. 

WHaroro, v. i. stretch out the 
legs. Aua e wharoro ou wae- 

WHariia, a. concave; depressed. 

"wharua, n. valley. 

whawharua, n. mother; female 
ancestor. Haere mai koe kia 
moemoe tahi i roto i tou wha- 
wharua. (11) 

WHariiarua, a. concave; de- 
pressed. See wharua. Ka 
wharuarua iho nga awaawa. 

WHata, n. elevated stage for stor- 
ing food. 

whata, a v.t. elevate; support. E 
whataa ake ana e te ngako o 
taua ngarara nei. (152) (3 y.i. 
hang. E whata mai ra te aho 
i runga i te rakau. 

WHataamo, n. litter. (108) 

WHatai, v.i. stretch out the neck. 
He aha tau e whatai na, e ta? 

WHatarangi, n. stage or plat- 
form elevated on two or more 

WHatau, v. t. measure. Ka wha- 
taua atu te ngohi, me te pa- 
kihiwi te roa. 




WHatero, v.i. put oat the tongue. 
WHatero tou arero. 

WHati, v.i. 1 be bent at an 
angle ; be broken short off. Ka 
whati te kakau o te toki nei. 
2 turn and go away. Ka whati 
te tangata whenua ki waho. 
(194) — -flee. I aua tangata nei 
ano ka hinga, whati kau ana ; 
katahi ka patua. 3 be broken 
off; be inter rujjted ; as a charm. 

"whawhati, v. t. 1 bend at an 
angle ; fold. 2 break off any- 
thing stift'. WHatiia mai nga 
topito. 3 cause to flee. 

whawhati, v.i. be chapt. Ka 
mate au i te whawliati o oku 
ringaringa. WHawhati-tata ; 
happen suddenly. 

whatiwhati, v.t. break off a 
number of things ; break into 
fragments. E haere ana maua 
ko Keno ki te whatiwhati rara. 

Whatianga, n. 1 angle; pilace at 
which anything is bent, doubled, 
or broken off. 2 in particular, 
bend of the arm ; elbow. Kei 
te whatianga te roa. — WHati- 
anga raparapa ; ancle. 3 jior- 
tio7i doubled over or broken 


WHatika, v. i. for whakatika. 
get tip; stand up. See under 
tika. I te ata ka whatika te 
wahine ki te wero manu. (95) 

WHatimotimo, v.t. gather up a 

WHatinotino, v.i. stretch out the 

WHatitiri, n. thunder. (93) 

WHatitoka, n. doorway. Ka 
mau te ringa ki te papa o te 
whatitoka, ka toia ; tuwhera 
kau ano te whatitoka. (193) 

WHatoro, v.i. str-etch out the 

I. WHatu, n. 1 hail; hailstones. 

2 ]>u])il (f the eye ; eye. Titiro 

ou whatu. 
II. WHatu, v.t. tveave. Ka kite 

ia i te waliine ra e whatu ana i 

to kakalui. (187) 
WHatui, v.t. lace or tie together. 

E whatui ana a Te Aka i te 

WHatukiihu, n. kidney. 
WHatiimanawa, n. kidney. 
WHatungarongaro, v. i. dis- 

appear. Toitu he kainga ; 

whatungarongaro he tangata. 
WHatiipango, n. j^W''^ of the 

WHaturama, n. ruptiire. 
WHatiituri, v. i. for whakatu- 

turi, be unyielding. Ehara i a 

koe, ina hoki te whatuturi ki 

au karakia. (129) 

I. WHau, n. entelea arborescens ; 
a shrub. 

whauwhau, n. panax arboreum; 
a tree. 

II. WHau. 

WHawhau, v. t. tie. See hohou 

under hou. 
WHaupa, v. t. eat voraciously. 

He kiko poaka ka homai, whau- 

patia ake. 
WHaupakii, n. jxmax arboreum; 

a tree. 
WHaura, a. fiery ; fierce. Ko 

Tu mo te mata whaura, mo nga 

ritenga o waho. (165) 
WHaurau, v.t. scold. Ka whau- 

rautia koe e au. 
WHauwhi, n. hoheria pojyulnea; 

a tree. 
WHaw^hakou, n. a tree, 
WHawhapti, n. 

Ko enei kupu, he whawhapu na 

Patupaiarehe. (178) 
WHawhe, a v.i. come or go 

7'ou7id. E whawhe mai ana te 

paoa. /3 v. t. put round. Homai 

taku tatua kia whawhea. (97) 




WHe, n. 1 cate7-pillar. 2 mantis ; 
an insect. 3 dwarf. 4 cyathea 
Smithii ; a tree-fern. 

■whewhe, n. boil. 

WHea, n. interrogative. 2 what 
jilace. See hea. 2 any j^lft'C''- 
whatsoever. NGa kai o whea 
whenua, mana anake, te aha, te 
aha. (145) 

WHeangaanga, a. turning this 
way and that; undecided. Hei 
aha i whakawheangaanga ai te 

WHeau, v. i. be long in time. E 
kore ra e wheau, ka hinaki- 


"whSwheia, n. enemy. 

WHeinu, a. thirsty. Tikina he 
wai mo toku wheinu. 

WHeinga, n. quarrel. Katahi te 
wheinga o te hanga tamariki 

WHeirS, wheiroiro, v.i. 1 be 
seen. Arohi noa au i taku mea, 
te wheiro i a au te aha. 2 be 
understood. Kaore i wheiro i 
a au tana koi'ero. 


■whekawheka, n. garment. 

WHekau, n. internal organs of 
the iDOcly ; entrails. 

WHeke, v.i. creak. I rangona 
ake ki te waha e rara iho ana, 
ano he wheke rakau. (158) 

WHeke, n. squid. 

WHekere, a. very dark. 

WHeki, n. dicksonia squarrosa ; 
a tree fern. WHeki-kohunga ; 
dicksonia antai'ctica. 

WHeko, V. i. 1 become black. Ka 
■\vheko te riwai i te ra. 2 go 
out; be extinguished. Meake 
wheko te rama. 

wheko, n. gills of a fish. 

WHekori, v.i. be seen; be under- 
stood. Ka whekori i a au i 

konei, kei a Kahutia nga pa- 
keha i taua takiwa. 

I. WHeku, n. distorted figure in 
native carving. 

II. WHekii, a. dripping, especially 
with any clammy fluid. 

whekuwheku, a. wet; splashed 
with water. U rawa atu ki uta, 
whekuwheku ana nga tangata 
me nga kakahu. 

WHenako, v.t. steal. Kua whe- 
nakotia taku toki i te po nei. 
See "whanako. 

WHenu, n. warp of cloth. 

WHenua, n. 1 land; country. 
Katahi ka rere mai ki te kimi 
whenua mona. (120) Tangata 
whenua ; jjeoj)le belonging to any 
particular place ; natives. He 
tangata ano i reira, ko nga ta- 
ngata whenua ake ano o tenei 
motu. (123) — He tangata ko- 
rero whenua ; a p>cicificator. 2 
ground. Ka ngahoro nga ka- 
raka ki raro ki te whenua. 3 
2)lacenta ; afterbirth. I a raua 
e piki ana, ka taka te whenua 
o te tamaiti ki te moana, ka 
kainga e te mango. (34) 

■whenua, ad. entirely ; altogether. 
Tipatipa whenua ; altogether 

WHeniiku, v.i. slip or fall down, 
as a wall, bank, &c. 

WHenumi, v. i. be out of sight ; 
be consumed. 

whaka^whenumi, v.t. mix up 
one thing with another. 


■whewhengi, v. i. be shrivelled ; 
be withered. Ka whewhengi 
nga puka i te whitinga o te ra. 

WHenguwhengu, v.i. snuffle. 

WHeo, a. uncooked. 

WHeoro, v.i. 1 tnake a crashing 
ov jarring noise ; rumble. Ano 
me te wheorotanga whatitiri. 




(151) 2 he jarred ; tinyle. Ka 
wlieoro aku t;iriiiga. 

wheoro, v. i. he slow; he Jong in 
doiiii^- anything. 

WHera, or -whg-whera, v. t. 
spread oid; open. WHeraliia 
te pukapuka. 

WHere, v.t. 1 overcome. Kua 
wlierea te whakaaro e te ngoi- 
kore. 2 oppress. Ka wlierea 
au e koe ki te mea taimalia. 

■whaka'where, v.t. 1 induce; 
prevail iipon. He hoatu tonu 
taku i nga mea papai mau, he 
whakawhere i a koe, kia tahuri 
mai ai koe ki a au. 2 oppress; 
maltreat. He aha tau e whaka- 
wherewhere na i to hoiho? 

WHererei, v.i. he extruded. Ka 
whererei nga kanohi. He ko- 
tore whererei; said of a person 
in a fright. 

WHeriko, v.i. flash; glitter; he 
resplendent. WHeriko ana te 
hihi o te ra. 

I. WHero, n. anus. 

II. WHero, a. red; reddish hrown. 
WHero ana nga kanohi i te 

WHeru, a. 1 inactive; sloiv. Ko 
nga mea wheru, ko nga wahine, 
ko nga tamariki, kei muri. 2 
enctimhered. I whakawherutia 
ahau e taku tamaiti i mau ai 
ahau. 3 ill at ease; weary; 
ojypressed. WHakatika rawa 
ake au, wheru ana au i te tai- 
maha o oku whakaaro. 


whakawhetai, v. i. express 
thanks; a word introduced from 
the Friendly Islands. 

WHetau, a. small. He toki 

WHete, or -whetete, v. i. 1 he 
forced out. Ka whete te pirau 
o te whewhe ki waho. 2 stare 

wildly. Na reira ka whetete 

nga whatu, na te mea e noho 

ana t(! ope ra i konei. 
WHeterau, n. ileodictyon ciba- 

rium; a fungus. 
WHetengi, n. land exhausted hy 

WHetiko, n. a shell-fish. 
WHeto, a. small. 
WHetoto, and -whakavrhetoto, 

v.i. lay behind. 
WHetu, n. star. 
WHetiii, n. land exhausted hy 

WHetukaupo, n. a star which 

sets in the evening in October 

and November. 
WHeturangi, n. a star that has 

become visible in the eastern sky 

in the morning. Ka whetu- 

rangitia Matariki. 
WHeua, 11. hone. 
WHeuaiia, a. 1 reluctant. 

WHakawheuaua ana te haere. 

2 difficult. 
WHeuri, n. deep) water. Kei 

roto te wheuri o te awa. 
WHe"wheia, n. enemy. 
WHiKA, n. figures; arithmetic. 
WHinau, n. elosocarpus dentatus; 

a tree. See hinau. 
WHio, v.i. whistle. 
WHioi, n. anthus Novoi Zelandioe; 

a bird. 
WHiorau, n. a small grey duck. 
WHiore, n. tail of animals. 
WHiri, v.t. twist; plat. 
whirl, n. platted hem on the 

upper edge of a mat. 
whiriwhiri, v.t. select; choose. 
WHirikoka, n. strength. 
whakawhirinaki, v. i. Iea7i 

against anything. 
WHiro, n. 1 proper name of an 

'atua.' 2 the moon on the first 





WHitau, n. prepared fibre of 
phormium tenax, especially that 
from the variety called takiri- 
kau or tihore. 

WHiti, v.i. cross over; reach the 
oj^posiie side. Na ka whaka- 
whiti a Kupe i te moana o 
Raukawa, a ka wliiti. (109) — ■ 
Mana te ringa whiti ; let him 
strike the first blow. WHiti-ra- 
runga; be inverted; he contrary. 
I kiia ko matou ki te moana; 
na, ka whiti-ra-runga anake, ko 
ratou ka riro ki te moana. 2 
shine. Kia whiti te ra, ka 
maroke. 3 start; he alarmed. 
Ka tumeke, ka mataku, ka pa 
te whiti ki roto ki tona ngakau. 
— WHiti ana taku polio i to 

■whiti, n. hoojy. 

"whakawhiti, v. t. 1 convey 
across. 2 exchange. 

■whakawhiti, n. sail for a boat 
or canoe. 

WHitiki, V. t. tie up; gird. 
WHitikiria tou kakahu. 

■whitiki, n. 1 belt; girdle. Ka 
tango ia i tona whitiki, me tona 
maro whei'O. (97) 2 a kind of 

WHito, n. dwarf. 

WHitoki, a v.t. tie ujx (i v.i. 
be tied up. E whitoki mai ra 
te poaka. 

WHitu, a. seven. 

WHiu, v.t. 1 whip; chastise. 
He aha tau ka whiu nei i to 
tamaiti? 2 throw; fling. Ka 
whiua nga hanga ki uta. 3 
p)ut; place. WHiua ki runga 
ki to kete. — plant. Kei te 
whiu riwai a Te Wainohu. 4 
drive; caiise to go. WHiua 
taua ki waho. 

"whiu, V. i. assemble. E ahiahi 
kau iho ana ano, eliara, e whiu 
ana te tangata wlienua. (167) 

■whiu^whiu, n. layers of toetoe 
overlapping one another on the 
ridge of a house. 

"whaka^whiu, v.t. oppress; afflict. 

whaka^whiu, n. a kind of fishing- 

i.WHi-whi, V i. be entangled. Aua 
e hoatu te aho ki te tamaiti, 
kei whiwhi. 

•whi-whi, or whi-whi-whi, n. fat 
covering the entrails. 

■whaka^whi^whi, v.t. windround; 
fasten. Kua mau ke nga taura 
te whakawhiwhi ki te rakau. 

Il.WHi'whi, v.t. possess; have ac- 
quired. Ka whiwhi ia ki tona 
hoa haere. 

■whaka^whiwhi, v. t. give; jjre- 
sent. Ka whakawhiwhia mai 
ki a ia te patu pounamu . . . 
me ia ano hoki, ka whaka- 
whiwhi i tana ki te rangatira o 
te pa ra. (170) 

WHi-whirau, n. a fish. 



A, art. he; tetahi. 
Aback, ad. ko])io. 
Abandon, v. t. tvhakarere. 
Abashed, a. whakama; rikarika. 
Abate, v.i. mahaki; marie; iti 

Abdomen, n. kojnt; puk^i; ma- 

naiva; takapu; riu; tia; kona. 
Abhor, V. t. kino ; whakakino ; 

Abide, v. i. noho. 
Ability, n. kaha; nyoi; ngohe; 

Able, be, v.i., ahei; kaha. 
Abode, n. kainga; nohoanga. 
Abolish, V. t. whakakahore; j}ehi; 

Abominable, a. ivhakariliariha ; 

weritveri ; whakarikarika ; mo- 

Abortion, n. materoto ; take ; 

Abortive, a. koaha. 
Abound, v.i. hiia; huhua; rahi; 

maha; nui; tini; hira; ranea; 

natiea; rawaka; roaka; ma- 

kuru; ngahoro; raraive; mahi; 

ngahiri; oka; pukahu; nga- 

About, prep, (near to), lata ki ; 

(engaged in) kei. 
Above, prep, kei runga i; ki ru- 

nga i ; &c. ad. iho. 
Abreast, ad. upane. 
Abridge, v. t. whakapoto. 
Abscess, n. jjuku; tapoa; maiao. 
Absent, a. ngaro; honea ; take. 

Absorbed, a. mimiti. 

Abuse, V. t. whakakino; whaka- 

Abusive, n. puraurau. 
Abyss, n. torere. 
Accelerate, v. t. whakahohoro; 

Accept, v.t. tango; whakaae. 
Accident, n. mea tiipono. 
Accompany, v.t. haere tahi i. 
Accomplished, be, v.i. taea; 

According to, prep, ki; mei. 
Account, n. kaute. 
Accurate, a. tika. 
Accuse, v.t. whakapae; wha- 

kawa; ivhakapa he. 
Accustomed, a. taunga; waia. 
Ache, v.i. mamae; ioio; raka; 

matengatenga ; korangaranga. 
Acid, a. katva. 

Acknowledge, v.t. whaki; wha- 
Acquire, v.t. whiwhi. 
Acquired, be, v. riro; takeke. 
Acre, n. KKA. 
Acrid, a. tangeo; kaioa. 
Across. See lie across. 
Action, n. mahi. 
Active, n. hohoro; kakama; hihi- 

ko ; ngohengohe. 
Add, v.t. apiti; huihui; tapiri; 

taparu; hono. 
Address, v.t. korero; whaikorero. 
Adept, a. matau ; m,ohio; tauto- 

Adhere, v. i. piri. 

Adjourn 238 

Adjourn, v.t. jyauhu; omku. 

Adjure, v.t. whakaoati. 

Adjust, v.t. whakarite. 

Admire, v.t. mihi; miharo. 

Admirable, a. kairangatira. 

Admit, v.t. tuku. 

Admonish, v.t. ako; whakaako. 

Ado, make, v.i. whakangana- 
ngana ; ngangau. 

Adorn, v.t. whakapaipai; rakai; 
tuhi. (With feathers), tiatia. 

Adrift, a. manu; tere; korewa. 

Adult, n. kaumatua ; koeke; pcb- 

Adulterate, v. t. whakananu. 

Adultery, n. jniremu; tokohi. 

Advanced, far, a. wa; aua atu. 

Advantage, n. pai; huhuatanga. 

Adversity, n. inate; he. 

Adze, n. kapu; toki kapu. 

Affect, v.t. pa. 

Affection, n. aroha; konohi; ko- 
naki; konakona; kanokanoa. 

Affection for, entertain, v.t. 

Affection, token of, n. inaimai- 

Affection, object of, n. unuora. 

Afl&rm, v.t. whakaae. 

Afflict, v.t. whakawhiu; whaka- 
mamae ; whakapoii7'i. 

Affray, n. whawhaita7iga ; rivi- 
ng a; kakaritanga; ngang are- 
tang a; tatauranga. 
Affright, v.t. whakamataku ; wha- 

Affront, v.t. atete. 
Afloat, a. (of a boat or ship) 
manu; rewa; korewa; -trior ewa; 
Afraid, be, v.t. mataku; wehi; 
whakawiri; pairi; paoho; ihi- 
ihi; puihi; viaka; pawera; pa- 
hunu; hurangi; kojnpi; korapa; 
After, prep, muri iho i; ki muri 
i; &c. 


Afterbirth, n. ivhenua; ewe. 

After-time, n. muri. 

After the manner of, prep. a. 

Afternoon, n. te heketanga o te 
ra; te titaliatanga o te ra. 

Afterwards, ad. muri iho; mu- 

Again, ad. ano. 

Against, prep. ki. 

Age, n. tau. What is your age? 
E hia ou tau? 

Aghast, a. tarewa. 

Agitate, v.t. ueue. 

Agitated, a. karekare; pokare- 

Agreed to, a. rite. 

Agreeable, a. ahuareka ; purotu ; 

Agreement, n. kirimini. 

Aground, be, v.i. eke. 

Aha! int. Ha.^ 

Ahead, ad. i mua. 

Aim, v.t. whai. 

Air, n. ea. 

Air, light, n. angi. 

Alarmed, a. mataku; wehi; 
paolio ; moariari ; whiti ; tu- 

Alarum, n. pahu. 

Alas ! int. aue; taukiri; taukuri. 

Albatross, n. torod. 

Albino, n. korakorako; rako; 

Alight, v.i. maker e; mar ere. 

Alike, a. rite. 

Alive, a. ora; mataora. 

All, a. katoa. 

Allayed, a. mariri. 

Allow, v.t. tukit. 

Alluvial soil, n. kotae; onematua. 

Ally, n. ivhakauru ; tuara. 

Almighty, a. kaha rawa. 

Almost, ad. wahi iti; tahitahi. 

Aloft, ad. i rung a; ki runga. 

Alone, ad. anake; anahe; kau. 

Along, prep. i. 

Aloof, be, V. i. tu ke. 




Already, ;ul. noa. 

Also, ;ul. hoki; ano. 

Altar, u. A AT A. 

Alter, V. t. whakaahna ke ; whaka- 

pnta ke. 
Altered, a. puia ke; rere ke; 

poka ke. 
Alternate, v. t. tvhakawhilkvhiti. 
Although, fid. ahakoa. 
Always, ad. tonu; i nga wa 

Ambush, n. liaupapa; 'peliip)ehi; 

wliiikatakoto ; kauaeroa. 
Amidst, prep, ki ivaenganui i, 


Among, prep, kei roto i; i roto i. 

Amulet, n. pitopito. 

Amuse, v. t. pataritari; wliaka- 

takarn ; xohakaware. 
An, art. Ae; tetnlii. 
Ancestor, n. tupuna; tipuna; 

Ancestry, n. kawai; kawei; ko- 

rero tdhu. 
Anchor, n. jninga; haika. 
Anchorage, n. tunga kaipuke; 

Ancient, a. tuarangi; aweko; ta- 

ibkiuki; tunuki. 
Ancient times, n. nehe; nehera; 

whakapata; uki. 
And, conj. a; ma; me; hoki. 

Angel, n. ANAHERA. 

Angle, 11. tuke; ngao; koki; poti; 

whatianga ; kopa; hau; noni. 
Angry, Ibe, v.i. riri; puhiriri; 

aritarifa; weriweri; rupaliu; 

tupehupeliu ; uruuru ; hoho ; 

naunau; whakananau; tangare. 
Animal, n. ku7-i; kararehe. 
Animalcule, n. ngu. 
Ankle, n. jyona; whatianga rajm- 

Anklet, n. komore. 
Annihilate, v.t. whakangaro. 
Annoy, v. t. whakatenetene ; 

whakatete ; tini; whakatoi. 

Annoyed, be, v.i. ii-/iakatakariri; 

lumolionoa ; whaiunvhanoa ; ko- 

raiigaranga ; matarukuruku. 
Annul, v.t. tvhakakahore ; whaka- 

Anoint, v.t. whakawahi; kaukau; 

popo; ko7'ae; porae; ^>aAana- 

hana; takawai. 
Another, a. tetahi; tetahi atu. 
Answer, v.t. whakao; whakahoki 

kupu; utii; whdkd. 
Answer rudely or perversely, 

v.t. whakatoi. 
Ant, n. pokorua; rororo. 
Antagonist, n. hoa-whawhai ; 

hoa-riri; hoa-tauwhainga. 
Anus, n. tou ; whero ; kumu ; 

Anxious, be, v.i. awangawanga ; 

karangi ; manukanuka ; ma- 

nakanaka ; ^j«t?'i ; ^ja/it ; tu- 

matatenga ; tuatea ; whakatua- 

tea; pohopa; tokop>a; weherua; 

whakawiri; whakaririka; koro- 

Any, a. tetahi; etahi. 
Apart, ad. ki tahaki. 
Apart, far, a. tawhiti; mamao; 

tatahi; hokai; tirara; tawhara. 

Apostle, n. APOTORO. 

Appear, v. i. puta; whakaputa; 

p)oka; jmhure; aranga; koivhiti; 

— (as a spirit), poke; ivhakaaranga. 
— (above water), ea ; whakaea ; 

Tnaea; puea. 
— (as the new moon), kowhiti. 
— (as a star), zvheturangi. 
— (suddenly), marumao^uaitu. 
Appease, v. t. whakama^'ie ; 

Appeased, a. via^^ie ; m,arire ; 

Appendage, n. tajnri. 
Appetite, n. hiahia ; hiakai ; 

pniku; wakea. 
Apple, n. APORO, 




Appliances, n, taputapu. 
Appoint, V. t. tvhakarite. 
Apprehensive, a. manukanuka ; 

nianmvapa; morearea; pawera; 

ttimatatenga. See anxious. 
Approach, v.t. awhi; whakaeke; 

Appropriate, v.t. tajmi. 
Approve, v.t. whakapiai; ohia. 
Approved, be, v. i. j^aingia, 
April, n. Aperira. 
Apron, n. hitau; maro ; rapaki. 
Arch of clouds, n. haeata; ko- 

Argue, v.t. totohe. 
Arise, v. i. ara; maranga. See 

Arithmetic, n. weika. 
Arm, n. ringa; tdkakau. 
Arm-in-arm, ad. taujnripiri. 
Armpit, n. keke. 
Army, n. ojie; taua; whakaariki; 

Aromatic, a. kakara. 
Arouse, v. t. whakaara ; whaka- 

Arrange, v.t. whakarite; whaka- 

Arrive, v. i. tae; u; whakau; 

Arrogant, a. whakakake. 
Arro'w, n. pej*e. 
Artery, n. uaua. 
Artist, n. tohimga. 
As (■while), conj. i. As I was 

going ; I a au e haere ana. 
As far as, to; tae rawa ki; a. 
As if, conj. me. 
As it -were, conj. me; ano. 
Ascend, v.i. kake; jnki. 
Ascension, n. kakenga. 
Ascent, n. ekenga ; kakenga ; 

pdkitanga ; 2)ananakita7iga ; pa- 

Ashamed, a. whakama; hane; 

numinumi ; raatangerengere ; 


Ashes, n. pungarehu ; pokorehu. 

Ashore, ad. ki uta. 

Aside, ad. ki tahaki; ki te wha- 

Ask (a question), v.t. ui; patai; 

patapatai ; whakapatai; jmkiki; 

Ask for, v.t. inoi; tono; pinono. 
Askance, look, v.i. whakakeko; 

korotaha; kotaha. 
Asleep, be, v.i. moe. 
Aspect, n. anga; anganga. 

Ass, n. KAIHE. 

Assault, v.t. tau; tatau; taiapu; 

Assemblage, n. hui ; huihui ; 

huihuinga ; whakamenenga ; ru- 

Assemble, v. t. huihui; whaka- 

mene; whakamine; whakaemi; 

whakarapopoto ; jyutiki ; tapi- 

tapi; whiu. 
Assembled, a. emi ; kuemi ; 

mene ; taniene; mine; pohuhu; 

rupeke; tdnga; rapopoto; topu. 
Assent, v. t. whakaae; whaka- 

koia; pai. 
Assert, v.t. korero; ki. 
Assiduous, a. mamahi; hihiri. 
Assimilate, v.t. tvhakarite. 
Assist, V. t. awhina ; tuara ; 

whakaaro-mahana ; tautaawhi. 
Assistant, n. hoa ; kai awhina. 
Associate with, v. t. whakahoa. 
Astringent, a. whakatoka. 
Asthma, n. huango. 
At, prep, (of past time) i; no; (of 

future time) a; hei; ko. 
— (of place), hei; i; kei; ki. 
Atone for, v.i. whakautu; 

whakaea; utu. 
Atonement, n. utu; whakaiUu. 
Attached to (any one), be, v.i. 

Attack, v.t. auta; tau; tuki; 

whakaeke. See assault. 
— by stealth, haupapa. 




Attainable, be, \ . i. ravatve; laea. 
Attempt, V. t. whakamatau; 

Attend, v.t. rongo; whakarongo. 
— upon (a sick person), whaka- 


—upon (one at the point of death), 

Attentive, be, v.i. rongo; mate- 

■uui; puakaha; tau. 
Auger, n. wiri. 
Augury, n. whainga-kai. 
August, n. Akuhata. 
Aunt, n. matua keke; ivhaea; 

Avaricious, a. aj^o; kaiponu. 
Avenge, v.t. rapu utu; takitaki; 

ngaki followed by mate. 
Avenged, a. ea. 
Avert, v.t. kaupare. 
Avoid, v.t. titaha. 
Avoid (a blow), v. t. karo. 
Authority, n. mana; take; ma- 

r?t; tikanga. 
Awake, v.i. ara; oho. 
Awaken, v.t. whakaara. 
Away, ad. atu. 
Away, keep, v.i. turaha. 
Awe, feel, v.i. hopohopo. 
Awful, a. wehi; mataku. 
Awkward, a. pakepakeha. 
Awry, a. parori. 
Axe, n. poke; titaha; toki. 
Aye, ad. ae. 

Baby, n. tamaiti ; potiki; ko- 

Bachelor, n. ropa. 
Back, ad. ki muri. 
Back, n. tuara. 
— lower part of, tiki. 
— {of a house), tuaroa; tuarongo. 
— (of hand), n. angangamate. 
— (of head), n. kopako; kohamo; 

hemihenii ; nnirikokai. 
— (of neck), n. ua; tnoua; poro- 

kaki; tuta. 
Backbone, n. iwituararo ; iwi- 

tuaroa; ua. 
Backed (as a sail), a. puawhe. 
Backstay, n. tukuroa. 
Backward, a. akuto; auto; to- 

muri; hotoa. 
Backwards, ad. whakamuri ; 

whakatuara; kotua. 
Backwater, n. auhoki; muriwai. 
Bacon, n. poaka whakairi. 
Bad, a. kino; marutuna; reho. 
— weather, n. ori; paroro; pu- 

Baffled, be, v.i. rehea. 

Bag, n. pute; putea; peke. 

— (for fish), whakarino. 

Bait, n. poo^joa; maunu;mounu; 

kaweru; j^arangia. 
Bake, v.t. tunu. 
Bald, a. pakira; hewa; moremore ; 

Bald place, n. titvha. 
Bale, v.t. tiheru; tatd; ehu. 
Baler, n. tatd; tiheru. 
Bale (of goods), n. taringaringa. 
Baling place (in a canoe), n. tai- 

Balked, be, v.i. rehea. 
Ball, n. j)oi. 
— (of string), n. pokai. 
Ballast, n. whakataimaha. 
Band, n. 7'uruku. 
— (for the hair), n. aute; pare; 

Bandage, n. takai. 
Banish, v.t. pei; pana; tuhiti. 
Bank (of a river), n. taha; taha- 

taha; parenga; paretai; tupari- 

Banter, v.t. whakangako. 




Baptism, n. iriiri. 

Baptize, v.t. iriiri. 

Barb, n. niivha; kaniwha. 

Barbarian, a. or n. mohoao. 

Barbless, a. ngore. 

Bare, a. marake7'aTce ; mamore; 

moremore ; iumoreniore. 
Bark, n. hiako ; kiri ; tangai ; 

peha; tapeha. 
Bark, v.i. taii; au. 
Barley, n. parei. 
Barn, n. ivhare win. 
Barnacle, n. koroinaungaunga. 
Barracouter, n. manga. 
Barren, a. pakoko; pakoro; p'^i- 

kupa; pukcmri. 
Barricade, n. arai ; tauarai ; 

Barter, v.t. hoko. 
Basaltic stone, n, kara; koma. 
Base, n. 2ndake. 
Basin, n. peihana. 
Bask, V. i. inaina ; pahake ; 

Basket, n. kete; rahu; rohe; ra- 

ivhi; hao; koivhqowhao ; pae- 

pae; pepepe; poha; hapainga; 

rori; tapakuri; pukororoa; tau- 

koro; rumaki ; auau; tarai; 

rukuruku; lionae ; konae ; naku. 
— (for cooked food), paro ; rou- 

rou; hanganoa; jjoti; kakapu; 

kono; mairehu; jjoihewa; ta- 

pora; torino; kopae; rongoua; 

tohake ; whakatomo. 
— (in which fish are caught), hi- 

naki; kotutu; paliao; pjunga; 

tariike ; ivhakarapa. 
Bastard, n. poriro ; tiraiimoko. 
Bat, n. pekapeka. 
Bathe, v.i. kaukau. v.t. plpl. 
Batten, n. kaho. lowest bat- 
ten (on a roof), kaho p)atu,. 

batten (covering longitudinal 

joint of a canoe), takd. 
Battle, n. parehira; parewhero ; 


Battle-field, n. parekura; tahu- 

na; puta. 
Bawl, v.i. hamama; karanga; 

hdparangi ; par are. 
Bay, n. kokoru; whanga. 
Be, v.i. ai; tvaiho. 
Beach, n. one. 
Beacon, n. tohu. 
Beak, n. ngutu. 
Beam, n. kauae; kuriipae. 
Bear, v. t. man; kawe. See 

— fruit, v.t. hua. 
Bear up (under pain), v.i. niana- 

Beard, n. paihau; pahau; kumi- 

Bearer, n. kai-amo, kai-mau, &c. 
Beast, n. kuri; kararehe; kirehe. 
Beat, v.t. kuru; 2)atu; ta; tdtd; 

patoto; jmoi; tuangau. 
Beat one another, v.t. taupatu- 

Beat time (for rowers, &c.), v.i. 

— (as the heart), kapakapa; pana- 

— in (as Avind or rain), haivhe. 
Beater, n. piaoi. 
Beautiful, a. ataahua; atanga; 

huniarire ; maitai ; piwari ; 

waiivaid; turua. 
Because, conj. na te mea; no te 

mea; mo te mea; ta te mea; 

Beckon, v. i. tawhiri; powhiri; 

tungationga ; tungou. 
Become, v. i. riro ; tvhanatu ; 

Becoming, a. rawe. 
Bed, n. moenga. 
— (in a garden, &c.), karawa ; 

awa ; kdwa ; moa ; rauaka ; 

wakawaka ; tahuna ; tawaha ; 

— (of a river), whakatakere ; whai- 





Bedchamber, n. ivluire moenc/a. 

Bedewred, a. haumdku; hautdku. 

Beetle (maul), n. ta. 

Befal, V. t. pono ; tupono; pa. 

— all alike, patahi. 

Before, ad. keitvha; i mna i; ki 

lima i; kei mna i; no mua i. 
Beforehand, ad. ke. 
Beg, V. t. inoi; korara; peo ; pi- 

nono; unene; matai ; matiro; 

motiro ; motoi ; whakakuene; 

Beget, v.t. ai. 
Begin, v.t. timata; anga, 
— (a quarrel), hoto. 
■ — (a speech), whakataki; oho. 
Beginning, n. timatanga. 
Beguile, v.t. whakatvai; whaka- 

tvare; j^ntipati; whakap)atip)ati ; 

Behind, prep, i muri i; i tua i; 

Behindhand, be, v. tanhiku. 
Behold, int. na/ nana! rere! 
Behold, v.t. titiro. 
Belch, V. i. ku2Ja; p^ipa; tane; 

jnitanetane ; tokopuhake. 
Belief, n. whakapono. 
Believe, v.t. xohakapono. 

Bell, n. FERE. 

Belly, n. kopu; manawa; takapu; 

riu; repa. 
— (of a net), kete; konae; nake ; 

Belonging to, prep, na ; no ; 

a; 0. 
Belo'W, prep, i raro i; kei raro i; 

ki raro i; hei raro i. Prom 

below, ad. ake. 
Belt, n. whitiki; tatua; tautiti. 
Bend, v.t. whakainko; kowhane; 

— the body (as in rowing), koiri. 
Beneath, prep. See below. 
Benighted, be, v. jjongia. 
Bent, a. whana; kowhana; koro- 

whana; tawhana; noni; piko; 

whanaio ; pitvari ; manana ; 

wliall; kokoltu ; kokopa. 
Bent double (by weakness), 

Bent, having the knees, tu- 

Benumbed, a. hauaitu; koro- 

ngenge; mangenge; matangere- 

ngere; inatarekereke ; mataruku- 

ruku ; matanguru7iguru ; ma- 

tengatenga ; mdtoru ; matoru- 

toru; teteka; turiwataitai ; tu- 

riwetautau ; kerewai ; pororo- 

Beseech, v.t. inoi. See ask. 
Beset, v.t. aivlii; mui. 
Beside the mark, be, hape. 
Beside oneself, a. porangi; wai- 

Besides, prep, haimga. 
Besiege, v.t. whakapae. 
Besmear, v. t. pa^ii. 
Bespeak, v.t. taunaha. 
Best, a. 2^<^i rawa; tino pai. 
Bestir oneself, v.i. kori. 
Betray, v. t.. tuku. 
Betroth, v.t. taij^u; whakaihi. 
Betrothal, n. moumouranga ; ta- 

Betrothed, a. taumau; jjuhi. 
Better, it is, engari ; erangi ; 

nui atu te pai. 
Between, prep, ki ivaenganui o. 
Bewildered, a. ]joauau; p>oro- 

raru; umaraha; kanaenae. See 

Bewitch, v.t. makutu ; tvhai- 

Beyond, prep, ki ko atu i; ki 

ttia atu i. 
Bible, n. PAiPERA. 
Bier, n. a^no; kauhoa. 
Big, a. nui; raid; tetere; kaita. 
Bight, n. koru. 
Bile, n. paoa; au. 
Bilge, n, pawai; riu. 
Bill, n. ngutu; pire. 


Bind, V. t. herehere; hohou; tvha- 

whau; houwere; takai; hotiki; 

rona ; rori ; tvhakarorerore ; 

mrioku ; tajyiki. 
Bind'weed, n. jjohue; panahi. 
Bird, n. manu; tojiatopa. 
Birth, n. whanautanga. 
Bishop, n. pihopa. 
Bit, n. wahi; maraniara. 
Bite, V. t. kakati; ngau; hohoni; 

u; kai. 
Bitter, a. kawa; pukawa. 
Bittern, n. matuku ; hurepo ; 

Black, a. mangu; jmngo; wheko; 

karatiwa; kiipara; j)ukupango. 
— (of clouds), aniwaniwa. 
— pigment, n. ngarahu; nga- 

— skin, hengia. 
Blacken, v.t. whakamangu. 
Blacksmith, n. parakimete. 
Bladder, n. tongamimi. 
Blade, n. rau. 

Bladebone, n. p)apaahuahua. 
Blame, v.t. whakahe. 
Blanket, n. paraikete. 
Blaspheme, v. i, korero kino; 

kohukohu; kanga. 
Blaze, V. i. mura; toro; tor a; 

tore; papahu; kongange. 
Bleed, v i. toto; tatao. 
Blemish (on the skin), n. tonga. 
Bless, v.t. whakapai. 
Blighted, a. komae. 
Blind, a. matapo ; kapo ; jwhe ; 

Blink, V. i. kimo; kero. 
Blistered, be, v. i. koputa; ta- 

ngorongoro; kopu; hopu; ko- 

ijjuipit; puputa. 
Blistering plaster, n. namu- 

namu; 7ianamu. 
Block, n. poro; tutanga; poraka. 
Block up, v.t. arai; pa; puru; 

papani; ri; tairi; kati. 
Blocked up, a. (of a river), puni. 

244 Booty 

Blockhead, n. moho. 
Blood, n. toto. 
Bloody, a. putoto. 
Blossom, n. pua; puawai. 
Blo"w, n. kuru; moto; tu. 
Blo"W, v.i. pupuhi; pMA;erM; pu- 

keri; hehengi; ihi; tiiku. 
Blow gently, v.i. rangaranga; 

hengi; hehengi; pahengihengi ; 

anene; hanene. 
Blow, begin to, v.i. pu. 
Blown away, a. angina. 
Blue, a. PURU. 
Blunt, a. puhuki; punuki; tu- 

nguru; pa^'uhi; ngongore; ki- 

Blushing, a. matahanahana. 
Bluster, v.i. rupahu; tupehupe- 

hu; ruta; rutaki. 
Boar, n. reijnita. 
Board, n. papa. 
Boast, v.i. whakapehapeha ; pe- 

2Jeha; whakahihi; whakakake; 

whakahirahira ; whakajyakari ; 

whakaputa; i^O'kiwaha; whakor- 

Boat, n. poTi. 
Body, n. tinana. 
Body, in a, ad. tojyuni; topu. 
Bog, n. rejjo. See swamp. 
Boggy, a. oru; taoru; tapoko- 

poko; powharuioharu ; korenga- 

Boil, v.i. koropujyu; pupu; hu; 

Boil, n. xchewhe. 
Boiler, n. kohiie; kohua. 
Boisterous, a. tioperepere. 
Bold, a. toa; maia. 
Bolt, n., whakarawa. 
Bond (between families), taunga. 
Bone, n. iwi; wheua. 
— (of arm or leg), pukaka. 
Book, n. pukapuka. 
Boot, n. PUTU. 
Booth, n. tvharau. 
Booty, n. parurenga ; parakete. 




Border, n. ifinlko; remu. 
Bore, v.t. ore; wiri; poka. 
Born, be, v. i. whanau; rere ; 

Bosom, n. poho; uma; rei; ate- 

Both. E rua e rua ; toriarua; 

nr/afahi; rurua. 
Bottle, n. ipu; taha; j^ounamu; 

1' AT All A. 

— (made of seaweed), n. kokihi. 
Bottom, the, n. raro. 
Bough, n. manga; peka. 
Boundary, n. kaha; rohe; pa- 

tanga; rip>a; tautika. 
Bountiful, a. atawhai; oha; 

pouo; kaimarire; tawhiti. 
Bow, v.i. tuohu; tup)Ou; koropiko. 
Bow (of a canoe, &c.), n. ihu. 
Bow, n. kojyere. 

— (loop), koro'malianga ; koropewa. 
Bowels, n. whekau; ngaknu. 
Bowl, n. hake; kumete ; oko ; 

karaha; ^jara?Wia. 
Box, v.t. momoto. 
Box, n. rovAKA. 
Boy, n. tamaiti. 
Brace, n. hokai; kaumahaki; tau- 

Brackish, a. mataitai. 
Brains, n. roro. 

Bramble, n. tataramoa ; taraheke. 
Bran, n. papapa. 
Branch, n. manga; peka; kapeka. 
Branchless, a. tnorimori. 
Brandish, v.t. 7'urerure; pioi. 
Brave, a. maia; toa. 
Bread, n. taro; paraoa. 
Break in pieces, v.t. ivhati- 

tvhati: tcitd; jyakamkaru; ko- 

whakiwhaki; korarirari; koro- 

pehu; iiakunaku. 
Break of day. See daw^n. 
Break off, v.t. auru ; whawhati. 
Break (on the crest of a wave), n. 

Breakfast, n. parakuhi. 

Breast, n. jxiJio; iima; rei, 
— (uf a female), u. 
Breastplate, n. kouma. 
lireastwork, n. jmrejmre. 
Breath, n. manawa; ha. 
Breath, take, v. i. whakanga ; 

whakata i te manawa; taupua; 

Breath, out of, a. tungdngd. 
Breathe, v.i. nga; ta. 
Breathe upon, v.t. whakaha. 
Breech, n. papa. 
Breed, n. momo. 
Breeze, n. hau; ta; muri. 
Bribe, v.t. tvhakapati. 
Brick, n. pereki. 
Bride, n. wahine marena hou. 
Bridegroom, n. tane marena 

Bridge, n. arawhata; arohata. 
Bridge over, v.t. kahupapa. 
Bridle, n. paraire. 
Bright, a. kanapa; kanapu; pi- 

Brim, n. ngutu; parua. 
Brimful, a. purena. 
Brimstone, n. whanariki; ku- 

Bring, v.t. hoake; homai; mau; 

kaive; ngita. See carry. 
— to land, v.t. whakau. 
Brink, n. tahataha. 
Brisk, a. ngahau; tara; kauta- 

ngatanga. See quick. 
Bristle, n. huruhuru. 
Bristling, a. 2^'i^'>'(f'f^'''>'((''if' >' tatara- 

Brittle, a. ptajja noa. 
Broach to, v.i. rara. 
Broad, a. tvharahi; raitrarahi; 

tvhamci; raumi7iui; hokai. 
Broadside, lie on, v.i. koronae; 

Broil, v.t. tunu. 
Broken, a. paka^'io; kore; pakore; 

tonganga; hawa; whati; ma- 

whaki; potarere; potapota; ma- 



By and by 

ngungii ; koiigunu; komeme; 

nyawliere; monyamonga ; naku- 

naku; iwreke; 'povorere; poro- 

Brood, v.i. tapapa. 
Brook, n. manga; 2yukaki. 
Broom, n. puruma. 
Brother (of a sister), n. tungane. 
— , elder (of a brother), tuakana. 
— , younger (of a brother), teina; 

Brother-in-law, n. taokete; au- 

Brow, n. rae. 
Brown, a. paka; ura. 
Brown, turn, v.i. tvhakamapau. 
Bruised, a. kojxirti; maru. 
Brushwood, n. heuheu; hum; 

Mirurua ; mauwha. 
Bubble up, v.i. hu; pupil ; koro- 

piipto; kanio. 
Bud, v.i. rapujniku ; toroihi. 
Bud, n. 2^uku; pihi; wana. 
Bug, n. kekereru. 
Build, v.t. hang a; whaihanga. 
Build up (the walls of a native 

house), V. t. tujmritparu ; tu- 

Build (a weir), v.t. turu. 
Builder, n. kai-hanga. 
Bull, n. PURU. 
Bullet, n. mata. 
Bulrush, n. ko2)upiingawha ; nga- 

Bulwark, n. ^paj^atu. 
— , (of a canoe), rauawa; rai- 

awa; owa. 
Bump, n. puku. 
Bunch, n. tautau. 
Bundle, n. kakati; paiere; jjai- 

here; jnt; pupu; tapiki; tiraha. 
Bundles, make into, v. t. pui; 

pufu; tajiiki; tiraha. 
Bung, n. jiuru. 
Buoy, n. karewa. 
Bur, n. hutiwai; pirikahu; piri- 


Burden, n. jnkau; p)ikaunga; 

tvahanya; kawenya ; utanga. 
Burial place, n. tirupa; tortia. 
Burn, v.i. ka; toro ; tora; tore; 

natoe; ngiha; pahunu. 
Burn fiercely, v.i. pukaka; pu- 

Burn, v.t. tahu; tungutu. 
Burnt, a. wera. 
Burnt (by the sun), a. tikaka. 
Burnt land, n. wera; hawera; 

tawera; parawera. 
Burst, v.i. pah\i; papa. 
Burst forth, v.i. koivhera. 
Burst open, v. i. tawhd; nga- 

Bury, v.t. tanu; tajyuke; tarehu; 

Bury itself, v.i. apu. 
Bush, n. jniia; wek^i. 
Bushman, n. kowao; mohoao; 

Busy, be, v.i. raru; warea. 
But, conj. tena; erangi; engari; 

heoi; heoti; kaore; oti; otiia; 

otira; ia. 
But now, tena; tena ko tenei; ta- 

But then, conj. tekaha. 
Butt, n. poro. 
Butt, v.t. tuki. 
Butterfly, n. pepepe. 
Buttock, n. ^9apa. 
Button, n. t07-omoka; patene. 
Buttress, n. kaumahaki. 
Buy, v.t. hoko. 
Buyer, n. kai-hoko. 
Buzz, v.i. huhu; rorohu. 
By (of agent), prep, e; i; ma; 


— (of direction), ra; ma; na. 

— (distributive), taki; tataki. 
By means of, prep. ki. 

By reason of, prep, i; na. 
By and by, ad. taihoa; takaro ; 
kiatoka; taria; tarua; tauka. 



Cast on shore 

Cabbage, n. puka; haria; niko. 

Cackle, v.i. kotokoto. 

Cajole, v.t. hangarau ; maminga ; 

tmvare. See deceive. 
Calabash, n. ipu; kahaka; pa- 

haka ; koaka ; kiaka ; taha; 

take ; tawha ; wai ; karure ; 

kotimutu; kimi ; papapa ; ka- 

raha; kararaha; p)(i'^''^">'«'ha. 
Calamity, n. mate. 
Calculate, v.t. tatau. 

Calico, n. KABEKO. 

Calf of the leg, n. ateatenga. 

Calk, v.t. mono. 

Call, v.t. karanga; jne. 

— (by name), hua; tapa. 

—(by offensive name), tapatapa; 

— (a clog), moiinoi. 
— (a bird by imitating its cry), 

Callous, a. neke; lUonga. 
Calm, a. marino; aio; mahaki; 

ae ; tokitoki; inowai. 
Calm.ed, be, v.i. mate; taroia. 
Camel, n. kamera. 
Can, see able. 
Candle, n. kanaka. 
Cannon, n. rejyo; pu repo ; pu 

Cannon ball, n. viata purepo. 
Canoe, n. waka; neke; titvai; 

taivai; taurua; tokau; pitau; 

pinaku; tete : whakarei; konia; 

kopapa; korea; koki. 
Canoe, double, n. Imhicnu ; 

Cap, n. potae. 

Cape, n. rae; tiomii. See head- 
Cape (short cloak), n. pekerere. 
Captain, n. kapene. 
Captive, n. j^'^^^'^f^Q^^ i taureka- 

reka; whakarau; parau; ra- 

rato; ora; hereliere; mokai. 
Captive bird or animal, n. moka- 

mokai ; inokaikai. 
Careful, a. tupafo; watea; mator 

popore. See cautious. 
Careless, a. wliakaaro-kore. 
Cargo, n. utanga. 
Carpenter, n. kamura. 
Carpet, n. tvhca-iki; takapau. 
Carried a"way, be, v. i. rere. 
Carrier, n. kai amo; kai mau, &c. 
Carry, v. t. kaive; hari; tari; 

apatari; mmi; ngita; rare. 
— about, v.t. tvhakahaere ; whaka- 

— away by force, v.t. kahaki; 

— in the arms, v.t. okooko; hiki; 

taiapo; tauapo; tapuhi. 
— ^round the neck, v. t. taweka. 
— on the back, v. t. pikau; 

tvaha; tihei. 
— on the shoulder, v.t. amo. 
— on a litter, v.t. amo; kauhoa; 

matata; matika. 
— on a pole, v.t. tauteka. 
— in one's belt, v.t. tautiti. 
—off in a body, v. t. terepu. 
Cart, n. KATA. 
Cartridge, n. kariri. 
Carve, v.t. ivhakairo; ivhaowhao. 
Carved figure, n. tekoteko; tiki. 
Carved well, a. nanahu. 
Carving at head and stern of 

a canoe, n. ivhakarei. 
Case, n. kopaki; pukoro; papa; 


Cask, n. KAEO. 

Cast, v.t. inaka; panga; ivhiu. 
— off, v.t. tohakarere. 
Cast on shore, be, v.i. pae; po- 
kiki ; rauwiri. 




Cat, n. ngeru; tori; poti. 
Cataract, n. rere; taheke. 
Catarrh, n. taewa; taiawa; ta- 

Catch, v.t. hopu; tango. 
— hold of, v.t. tatango. 
— in a net, v.t. hao; rau. 
— by torchlight, v.t. rama. 
— in the "water (as an oar), v. i. 

— one's breath, v. i. huatare; 

taretare; kiha. 
Catechize, v.t. uiui; patai. 
Catechism, n. 2mtai; katiki- 


Caterpillar, n. anuhe ; hotete ; 

makoko7'ori ; whe; kuwharu; 

inoka; torongu. 
Cat's-cradle, n. whai; mouti. 
Caul, n. kahu; kahukahu; tewe. 
Cause, v.t. 7nea. 
— of a quarrel, n. papa; take; 

putake; rawa. 
Causeless, a. huhuakore; wheto; 

jjokanoa; poker elm. 
Caution, v.t. whakatiipato. 
Cautious, toe, v. i. atea; watea; 

tupato; koriti. 
Cave, n. ana. 
Cavernous, a. areare; tautvhare- 

Cease, v.i. mutu; kati. 
— (as rain), v.i. tahaohao; viao. 
— make to, v.t. whakamutu. 
Cedar, n. hita. 
Cemetery, n. urupa; toma. 
Centipede, n. weri. 
Centre, the, n. pokapu; ivaenga- 

nui. See middle. 
Certain, a. taketake. 
Certainly, int. anaoa; ina; au; 

Certificate, n. tiwhikete. 
Cervical vertebrae, n. tangai. 
Chafe, V. i. hikahika; mohani- 

Chaff, n. papapa. 

Chain, n. mekameka; Tiim. 
Challenge, v. t. taki; matataki; 

tvhakatara; tautapa. 
Champ, vi. katikati. 
Champion, n. papatu. 
Chance blow, n. uru2m. 
Chance, by, ad. noa. 
Change, v. t. whakawhitiwhiti ; 

panoni; whakaputa-ke ; whaka- 

— (as wind), v.i. kor^ire; taka. 
Channel, n. aiva; ho7igere; ko- 

rou; maero. 
Channelled, a. tawaka. 
Chaplet, n. tupare. 
Chapped, a. ngatata; kakata ; 

2}atotoi; raujja; tai^a; titupu; 

Char, v.t. huhunu. 
Character, n. ahua. 
Charcoal, n. waro ; ngarehu ; 

Charge, v.i. huaki. 
Charge (object of care), n. whaka- 

Chariot, n. hariata. 
Charm, n. karakia; mata; mata- 

wero; parepare. 
— repeat a, v. karakia; hirihiri; 

hoa; mono; tatmiaha. 
Charred tree, n. toiki. 
Chase, v. t. aruaru; whaiwhai; 

Chasm, n. ngatata; jiakohu; ta- 

Chastise, v. t. whiu. 
Chatter, v.i. korerorero. 
— (as teeth), v.i. jxijm; hanguru- 

Chaunt, v.i. waiata; koko. 
— (to mark time), v. i. tautajya; 

Cheek, n. paparinga. 
Cheerful, a. manahau. 
Chequered, a. kopurepure; ko- 

Cherish, v.t. whakatupu; whaka- 




ahicru; maimoa; mlrd: ndtid; 

Chest, n. poho; uma; tnraumd; 

Chew, v.t. ngau. 
Chicken, n. pi. 
Chickweed, n. kohukohu. 
Chief, n. ariki; rnngatira. 
Chilblain, n. mnngionyio. 
Child, n. tamaiti; taniariki; ko- 

ImngaJiunya ; potiki. 
Childbed, be in, v.i. whdnau. 
Childhood, n. tamarikitanga. 
Chilled, a. huwiniwini. 
Chimney, n. tumere. 
Chin, n. kauae. 
Chink, n. riwha. 
Chip, n. maramara. 
Chip, V. t. hahau; tared; rehu; 

runa ; toto. 
— with a spade, v. t. perepere; 

Chipped, a. hawa; waha; riivha. 
Chirp, v.i. j)eki; p%p%. 
Chisel, n. 'purupuru; whao ; ta- 

Choice, a. tuauru. 
Choke, v.i. raoa; tanea. 
— (with weeds), v.t. koaoao. 
Choose, V. t. whiriivhiri ; ko- 

ivhiri ; kowhiti. 
— (champions for single combat), 

V. t. taumatakitahi. 
Chop, v.t. tapahi; tared; titoki. 
Chrysalis, n. tungotmgou. 
Church, n. hahi. 
Churlish, a. atuapo; hokeke; to- 

keke ; toukeke. 
Cicada, n. kihikihi; tatarakild. 
Circle, n. poroivhita. 
Circuitous, a. awhio; tawheo ; 

takaawhe. See round about. 
Circumference, n. pae. 
Circular, a. potakataka ; poro-taka. 
Clandestinely, ad. puku ; mo- 
Clap, v.t. j)apaki. 

Clash, v. i. pdpdtu. 

Clatter, v.i. tatangi. 

Claw, n. matihao; matikuku ; 

Claw, v.t. mamanga ; rarapi. 
Clay, n. kotore ; kerewhenua ; tua- 

Clay, white, n. ^tk^^; ukui. 
Clean, a. ina. 
Clear, a. atea; watea; maratna; 

piata; mahea; toari; purotu; 

ratarata; koratarata; purata. ; 

— away, v. t. toJd ; tarake 
whakatahe ; Jteuheu; perepere ; 

— the throat, v.i. wharowharo. 

— (forest, &LC.), p>ara; waere. 
Cleared away, a. mahea; watea; 
Clearing (for cultivation, &c.), 

n. tvaerenga. 
Clear-sighted, a. ptirangialio. 
Cleave, v.t. watvald; titore; ti- 

wara. See split. 
Cleft, n. riwha; apiti; kapiti; 

Cleft in twain, a. tararua. 
Clever, a. murere; uhtimanea. 
Cliff, n. pari; papaki. 
Climb, v.t. kake; piki. 
Cling to, v.t. pii/puri ; nanapi. 
Clinch (the hand), v.t. kuku. 
Clip, V. kokoti. See cut. 
Cloak, n. KOROKA. 

— with cape, n. VMrua. 

Clod, n. keretu; kerengeo; peipei; 

Close, a. apiapi; piri; pirihongo; 
jyepe; punui; puputu; putu- 
2nitu; to2)uni; pine; ruru; po- 
ruru; j)uru7'u; tariiru; kiato ; 

Close, v.t. p)a; whakapa ; tutaki; 
kati; kopani; kopi; whaka- 
rawa ; whakaraive ; roropi ; 

— the eyes, v.i. nenewha; ho- 
neivha; tuoiewha. 

Closed 250 

Closed, a. kati. 

Closely "woven, a. manyungu. 

Clot, n. tepetepe. 

Cloth, n. kakahu. 

Clothe, V. t. kakahu; ivhakaka- 

kaJt u. 
Cloud, n. kapua; kekeao; ao; au. 
Cloudy, a. kungu; koruki; ko- 

ruru ; koruruku ; tukumaru ; 

paroro; tamaru. 
Clubfooted, a. rou; hape. 
Clump, n. 7'opu; kari; inotu. 
Clumsy, a, pakepjakeha ; ^x<A'i- 

liaica; tupehau. 
Cluster, V. i. pohuhio; mux; ohu; 

popo; rapoi. 
Cluster, n. tautau. 
Clutch, V. t. aurara; rarapi. 
Coal, n. waro; ngoungou. 
Coast, n. tahatika; takutai; akau. 
Coat of raupo (on the wall of a 

house), n. 2J(t'f">^<' ,' tnqjaru. 
Coat, n. Kori. 

Coax, V. t. pati ; wJiakapati. 
Cotoweb, n. tiikiituku punga- 

Cockles, n. pipi; tuangi. 
Cockle-shell, n. kota; makoi. 
Cohahit, v.i. noho; nioe. 
Coil, 11. koromeke; koru. 
Coil, v.t. tvhatixwtiiiio. 
Cold, n. taiawa; taeiva; taruta- 

Cold, a. laakariri; matao; kutao; 

laatoke; Jwtoke; anu; koanu; 

hauaitu; hotuhoto; kopeke; ko- 

rohawiui; huiki; kuiki; ma- 
eke; inotu; wJtekuivJieku ; piia- 

Collarbone, n. itianumanu; pae- 

manit ; a o te kaki. 
Collect, v.t. kohikohi; huihui; 

apo ; amiki; puhangaiti ; ^JiAa- 

ngaiti; rapoi; whakawhaiti; 

whakahiato ; amiki ; arau ; 

rauhi; tapora. 
Collected, be, v.i. j^cie. 


CoUops of fat, n. ^joH. 

Colonel, n. KANAKA. 

Colour, n. tae. 

Comb, n. hern; karau; mapara; 

Comb, v.t. heru; wani. 

Come, v.i. haere; haere mai; hara- 
mai; tae mai; nau mai; tauti 
mai; ivhana mai. 

Come now (inviting co-opera- 
tion), tena. 

Comely, a. loumarire. 

Comfort, n. oranga ngakau. 

Comfortable, a. ahuru. 

Command, v.t. whakahau; tono; 
akiaki; tapa. 

Committee, n. komiti. 

Common, a. noa. 

— make, v. whakanoa. 

Communicate Avith, v.t. j)a ki. 

Companion, n. Jwa; takahoa; ta- 
kaj)ui; tapui; takatapui; wha- 

Company, n. o^^e; lira; ika; ma- 
tua; pahi; puni; rang a; ra- 
ngapu ; rangai; ropu; takapui; 
teretere; iokamatua; whana; 
raJiitiga; tanga; tohu; uepu. 

— (of workmen), n. apa; apu; 

— of visitors, n. apdrangi. 

Compact, a. wliaiti; liiato. 

Compare, v. %vhakarite ; tatai. 

Compartment, n. tiriwa. 

Compassion, n. aroha. 

Compel, v.t. a. 

Compensate, v.t. utti. 

Compete, see vie. 

Complain, v.i. amuamu; hakto. 

Complete, v.t. whakaoti; tvhaka- 

Completed, be, v.i. oti; tutuki; 

Completely, ad. nunnote. 

Compose impromptu, v.t. tito. 

Comprehended, be (under- 
stood), v.i. arua. 




Concave, a. kokopa ; knknlni, ; 

nrriire; liakoko ; 'pakonga; j^o- 

kijmki; tvharua. 
Conceal, v, t. liuna; kuhu; 

ivliakangaro ; w1iaka2)eke. See 

Concealed, a. koropuku; liuna. 
Conceited, a. tvhakm. 
Conceived in the "womb, be, 

V. i. hapii ; to. 
Concerning, prep, ki; mo. 
Conciliate, v.t. ivhakaepa; tvhaka- 

Conclude, v. t. whakamtUu ; 

Conclusion, n. mutunga; whaka- 

otinga; poronga. 
Concourse, n. huihidnga ; whaka- 

menenga. See assemblage. 
Concubine, n. hoahoa. 
Condemn, v.t. whakahe; whaka- 

wa; tvhnkatau i te he. 
Condiment, n. tarau. 
Conduct, \'. t. arahi ; arataki ; 

— (a business), v.t. whakahaere. 
Confederacy, n. Itaumi. 
Confess, v.t. tvhaki. 
Confident, be, v. i. whakamanaiva. 
Confined (shut in), a. apiti. 
Confirmed, a. mau; jnimau; tu- 

Confounded, be, v.i. hane; teka- 

teka noa. 
Confronting, a. hanged. 
Confuse, v. t. whakapoliehe ; 

tohakararu; ivhakananu; tinei- 

Confused (as speech), a. nanu; 

— (in mind), a. 2^oauau; pohau- 

liau; p)ohehe; pororaru; pokai- 

kaha; pokaku; pokeka; j}onana ; 

porauralict; potaitaka; porotai- 

Congeal, v. i. totnka ; whakato- 


Conger, n.; vgoiro. 
Congregate, v.t. hidhui; whakd- 

mene. See assemble. 
Connected (by rclationsliip or 

friendship), a. taruna; whaka- 

taruna; taunga; tatvekc. 
Connexion by marriage, n. 

tvharetangata ; kiat'ha ; pnku- 

?vha ; monviournnga. 
Conscience, n. Idnengaro. 
Conscious, be, v.i. viatau; mo- 

hio; mahara. 
Consecrate, v.t. whakaia^m. 
Consent, v. whakaae/ wliaka- 

koia; piai. 
Consequence, n. tukunga iho. 
Consider, v.t. tvhakaaro. 
Consideration, n. ngnrahic ; 

Consolation, n. tohakamarieta- 

nga; oranga ngakau. 
Console, v.t. whakam^arie ; whaka- 

Conspicuous, a. kohure. 
Conspiracy, n. whakapapci; tO' 

rolie ; kohuru; hanmi; kara. 
Constable, n. katipa. 
Constant, v. jyumau; himrm; 

tuturu; ivhai; taketake. 
Constricted, a. nanati; natinati. 
Consult by divination, v. t. toro. 
Consume, v.t. 7chakapau ; tchaka- 

hemo; hohoni; iki; none; po- 
ng akmca. 
Consumed, be, v.i. hemo; pnu: 

2^071; memeha; hama; mahiti; 

monimoni ; 2^aveho ; pareko; px^- 

reto; j^eto; takeke; tiptoko; ta- 

iveke; uku2^a2')a; tvhenumi; he- 

Containing, expressed by prep. 

i. The box containing the 

food; te ptouaka i te kai. 
Contaminate, v.t. tahmvahmca. 
Contemptuous, a. tvhakarcm-ai ; 

afamai ; tvhnkaahu ; ivhaka- 

inamimanu ; rchakamannnu. 




Contend, v. i. tohe; totohe; tau- 

tohe ; wliakataetae ; tatawhai- 

nga ; tauwhainya. 
Content, a. tatu. 
Contents, the, n. nga mea o roto. 
Contentious, a. tohetoJie; whaka- 

tenetene ; whawhai. 
Continual, a. hono. 
Continually, ad. tomi; tou. 
Contract, v.t. hum. 
Contract, v. i. hupeke; hukihuki. 
Contradict, v.t. lata. 
Contrary (as wind), a. tukipolio; 

Contrariwise, ad. ke. 
Contribute, v.t. liomai; hoatu. 
Control, n. tikanga. 
Convalescent, a. hauora; ma- 
tutu ; tangatanga. 
Converse, v. i. korerorero. 
Convert, v.t. whakatahuri. 
Convey, v. t. kawe; man. See 

Conveyance, means of, n. ara. 
Convolvulus, n. pohue; imnald. 
Convulsion, n. hukihuki. 
Coo, V. i. tumu. 
Cook, v.t. tao ; taopuku; topa; 

topipi; tahu ; tarahu. 
— a second time, v. t. tamahana. 
Cook, n. tumau; kuki. 
Cooked, a. maoa; inaonga; mao- 

ka; tamaoht; maru; tigouiigou ; 

tangoungoih ; tangongo ; tangoru- 

Cook-house, n. kauta ; wJiare- 

umu ; Ibereumu ; kamuri; kuliu; 

Cool, a. hauhau; houhou; haua- 

ngi; koangi; puangiangi; ma- 

taotao; raatomato; pongipongi; 

Cool, v.t. whakamataotao. 
Copious, a. nanea; ranea. See 

Copse-wood, a. tawhao. 
Copy, n. tauira. 

Cord, n. aho; taura; j^ona. See 

— of four strands, tuaj)uku. 
— of five strands, tainaka; tua- 

Core, n. iiho; tarauho. 
Cork, n. puru. 
Corn, n. kaanga. 
Corner, n. kokonga; hau; kona- 

kitanga; koki; p>'>'ko; potij ko- 

pa ; kopanga; ngao. 
Corpse, n. tupapaku; turoro. 
Correct, a. tika; totika. 
Correct, v.t. whakatika. 
Correspond, v. i. rite. 
Corrugation, n. ngaru. 
Corrupt, a. jnrau. 
Cost, n. utu. 
Cough, n. mare; wharo. 
Council, n. runanga. 
Counsel, n. ngarahu. 
Count, v.t. tatau. 
Countenance, n. mata; kanohi. 
Counterpart, n. tauira. 
Country, u. lolienua; wa. 
Couple, n. rua; topu. 
Courage, n. tara; toa. 
Court, v.t. aruaru; whakaipoipo; 

Court, n. Koori. 
Courtyard, n. marae. 
Cousin, n. tungane keke; tuahine 

keke; tuakana keke; teina keke. 
Cousinship, n. tiiranga whanau. 
Covenant, n. raw en at a. 
Cover, v.t. Itijjoki; haiqioki; tau- 

poki ; tupoki ; poki ; raujn ; 

ropi ; ropine ; whakapungene- 

7igene ; uwhiuwhi ; ta,renga ; 

— the head, v. t. potae. 
— oneself, v. i. turu,ru. 
— embers w^ith ashes, v.t. ka- 

noti; tamau. 
— the wall of a house (with 

raupo, ifec), V. t. tupuni; tu- 

paru : tuahuri. 




Covered, be, v. i. kapi; pu7ii; 

Covering, n. hipoki ; taupoki ; 

tiipoki ; popoki ; kopaki ; wha- 

Covering, use as a, v.t. roropi. 
— over food in an oven, n. re- 

t((o; ritnka; taopukti. 
Covet, V. t. apo; kaiponu; po- 

pono ; tainpo; huirapa. 

CO"W, U. KAU. 

Cowardly, a. haua ; tvawait ; 

hauarea; tautaua; roroku; ta- 

Crab, n. papaka; rerepari. 
Crack, v. t. pao. 
Crack, v. i. ngatete; pake; 2^<^to', 

te; p)ataU; ke; ngaeke. 
Cracked, a. kakata; j^ukatakata; 

tawka ; nyatala. 
Crafty, a. viaminga. See de- 
Cram, v.t. whakakiki. 
— into the mouth, v. t. apu. 
Crammed, a. apuajni. 
Cramped, a. hui ; matangere- 

Crane, n. kotuku. 
Crash, v. i. wheoro. 
Crave, v.t. hiahin. See desire. 
Cirawl, v.i. ngaoki; ngoki. 
Crayfish, n. koura; waerau. 
Crazy, a. haurmigi; j^orangi. 
Creak, v. i. keke; koke; wheke; 

Creased, a. kopakopa. 
Create, v.t. hanga. 
Creep, v.i. iigaoki; ngoki; nga- 

Crevice, n. kapiti. 
Cricket, n. pihareinga. 
Crime, n. hara. 
Criminal, n. tangata hara. 
Crimson, a. whero. 
Cripple, n. ngongengonge ; turi- 
ngongengonge ; haua ; kop)a ; 

Crisped, a. mingomingo. 
Crooked, be, v. hapa ; hape ; 
korolmpe; makaka; noni; ko- 
noni; nuke; hake; parori. 
Crop off, v.t. niutumutu. 
Cross, v.t. whiti; whakawhiti. 
Cross, 11. ripeka. 
Cross-grained, a. koraparapa. 
Cross-road, n. peka; pekanga. 
Crouch, v.i. huiki; whakaririka; 

Crowd, n. huihuinga; rojni; ma- 

Crowd, V. t. apuru; ivhakakiki; 

— around, v.t. mui; tamuiniui; 

2)opo; tajwkere. 
Cro'wded, a. apiapi; kikl; kopi- 

p>iri; poruru. 
Cro'wds, in, takitini. 
Crown of the head, n. twnuaki; 

Crucify, v.t. ripeka. 
Crumb, n. kongakonga ; pahunga. 
Crumble, v. i. horo; ngawhara ; 
ngawhere ; kongakonga ; ta- 
nuku ; whenukii. 
— ready to, a. mohungahunga. 
— cause to, v.t. tahoro. 
Crumpled, a. koromengemenge ; 
kopenup>enu; hwmetie; kohanga- 
iveka; kauere. 
Crush, v.t. kope7iupemi; korote. 
Crushed, a. maru; pe; koparu; 
penujjemi; kongakonga; monga- 
monga; kohu7igahunga ; ngota- 
ngota; kongunu. 
Cry, v.i. tangi; aue. 
Cry (of a seagull), n. kure. 
Cubit, n. whatianga. 
Cultivate, v.t. ngaki. 
Cultivator of the soil, n. pa- 
ruauru ; tangata ahtb whemia. 
Cultivation, n. mara; ngakinga; 

ivaerenga ; mahinga kai. 
Cumbersome, a. hirawerawe. 

I Cup, n. KAPA. 


Cupboard, n. kapata. 
Cup-shaped, a. hopua. 
Cur, n. tvaero-hiime. 
Cured, a. matutu. 
Curl (as smoke), v.i. 7-ipo7-i])o. 
— (as a wave), v. i. kapttkapu. 
Curled, a. taramengemenge. 
Curly, a. kapu; mawhatu; piki; 

mingo; potete. 
Current, n. au; ia; roma. 
Curse, V. t. kanga; ajnti; kohu- 

kolm; kai upoko. 
Curtain, n. arai. 
Curved (as a bow), a. tiwhana. 

See bent. 

254 Day 

Custom, n. ritenga; tikanga. 
Cut, V. kokoti; Itaehae; tajmhi; 

rijn; koripi; tohi; whakatotohi; 

toritori; hapara; ahiwahiwa; 

— off the tips, V. t. kaikauau. 
— open, v.t. jMwhara. 
— short, V. t. 2)oro; auporo; ha- 

poro ; tiporo ; tope ; hautope ; 

hatep)e; p)Outo; kotip>u; mutu. 
— the hair, v.t. tarotaro; whaka- 

— to pieces, v.t. mahurelmre. 
Cuttlefish, n. tvheke. 

Dagger, n. oka. 

Daily, acl. i tenei ra, % tenei ra. 

Dam (mother), n. katua; whaere- 

ere: tiaka; karawa. 
Dam (for water), n. matatara. 
Damaged, a. kino. 
Damp, a. liautaku; makuku. 
Dance, v.i. haka; hari; kanikani; 

rurimri ; patere ; p)ekerangi ; 

j)erupe7'u; ngangahu; takahi; 

ngahau ; ngarahu ; ngaraJtu- 

taua; kotaratara; makamaka- 

whanct; tutu-ivaewae ; turanga- 

Dandle, v.t. poipoi. 
Danger, be in, v.i. morearea. 
Danger, escape from, v.i. ora- 

noa; oraiti; orajnto; j)itotahi. 
Dangle, v.i. tawheta; taepa. 
Dare, v.i. maia. 
Dark, a. jjotiri; poiri; hinapouri ; 

hinakiiMuri ; tuauriuri ; ka- 

karauri ; kunikuni ; potango- 

tango ; tvetangotango ; kerekere; 

liakerekere ; whekere ; tiwha- 

Dark (in colour), a. mangu; pa- 

ngo ; tawauri ; ^;a?'awri; ^;o- 

ngere; ivaitutu; kanap)anap>a ; 

Dark, in the, ad. pokere. 
Dark skin, n. hengia; piarauri. 
Dark saying, n. korero whaka- 

Dart, v.t. kokiri; tvero. 
—(as a hawk on its prey), v.i. 

tvhakatopa ; kohihi. 
Dart, n. 2}ere; timata; tarer-arera; 

teka; neti. 
Dash, v.t. aki; ta; rutu. 
Dash, v.i. aki; porutu. 
Daub, v.t. paiii. 
Daughter, n. tamahine. 
Daughter-in-law, n. hunaonga. 
Dawdle, v. i. aweke; whakana- 

natve; tarioi; monaroa. 
Dawn, n. atatu; atapo; ata ha- 
para; aia pongipongi; haeata; 

Da'wn, V. i. puao ; hi; hiko; ta- 

kh'i; hapara; huaki; ihi; nga- 

hae; takitaki. 
Day, n. ra. ; rangi ; raro; nuihana. 
— , on the follow^ing, ao ake; i te 

aonga ake. 
— after to-morrow^, n. tahira; 

Days gone Tby 


rdititltlra; t(irili(i; karelta. 
— before yesterday, n. aoake; 

rainaoake ; tahira; taikareha; 

Days gone by, n. tua-o-rmuji. 
Daylight, u. (uvatea. 
Daytime, n. ao. 
Dazzled, be, v.i. korekoreko. 
Deacon, n. rikona. 
Dead, a. mate; kero. 
Deaf, a. tu7'i; potu7^i; hoi; pu- 

/loi; jmivharaiohara; taringa. 
Deal, V. t. toronga; tohungartia ; 


Dear, a. aroha. 

Dear (in price), a. utu nui. 

Death, n. matenga ; hemonga ; 

mareretanga; haerenga. 
Death-watch beetle, n. tdki- 

Debate w^ith oneself, v. i. 

Debt, n. taonga tarewa; nam A. 
Decayed, a. jnrau; po2}o; hane- 

Iinne; paroparo. 
Deceive, v. t. tiniltanga; hanga- 

rau ; hangareka ; raultanga ; 

rau7'eka; mikarau; nuka; hia- 

nga; tnaminga; rove; kopeka; 

makoi ; taivare; whakairoiro; 

December, n. Tihema. 
Decide, v. t. whakarite ; whaka- 

Declare, v. t. tvliakapuaki ; ko- 

Decline (as the sun), v.i. titalia; 

nekuneku ; rehurehu ; tairi ; 

tawJutrara; tarewa; rorokti. 
Decoy-bird (parrot), n. mouti; 

jxiki^viki ; (of small birds), ^Jita- 

Decrease, v.i. iti haere. 
Deep, a. hohonu; j^ci'ru; veto. 
— (as a vessel), a. konokono. 
Deep water, n. kopua ; rire ; 


Defeated, be, v.i. hhiga; mate. 
Defect, n. kolia. 
Defend, v. t. tvafcao. 
Deference, treat w^ith, v. t. 

Deficient (in measurement), a. 

Defy, V. t. ivhakatara. 
Degenerate, v.i. heke te tupu. 
Delay, v. i. tvliakaroa. 
Deliberate, a. hakune ; tvhaka- 

Deliberately, ad. ata. 
Delineate, v. t. tuhituhi. 
Delighted, be, v. i. ahuareka ; 

pai; maha; wehe. 
Delirious, a. hauraiigi; poraiigi; 

Deliver, v.t. wliakaora. 
Deluded, a. hetva. 
Deluge, n. waipuke. 
Demand, v.t. tono. 
Demolish, v.t. tukit'uki; tvhaka- 

Den, n. ana. 

Dented, a. jxihore; jmtoti. 
Deny, v. wluikakahore ; whaka- 

liurekore ; iDliakorekore. 
Depart, v.i. haere; maiki. 
Dependant, n. rahi. 
Deprived of a limb, a. mutu. 
Deranged, a. Itaurangi ; 2)orangi ; 

Descend, v. i. heke; taheke; tai- 

Iteke ; hokio; hor^ia; matiko; 

tvhanauiho ; hou. 
Descendant, n. moko23una; uri; 

aitanga; miha. 
Descent, n. heketanga; hokiota- 

Describe, v. t. whakaaiu i te 

Desecrate, v.t. haparu; whaka- 

Desert, n. koraha. 
Design, v.t. ivlud. 
Desire, v. t. hiaJoia ; amene ; 




minamina ; korotu ; korou ; 

kuika; minaka; ohia; okaka; 

hokaka; pie; jiopore; wawata; 

hinengaro; kopana; koronga; 

matenui; piranyi. 
Desolate, a. takoto kau. 
Desperation, commit an act 

of, V. i. whakamomori. 
Despise, v. t. whakahawea; 

lohakaparaliako ; whakaahu ; 

Destroy, v.t. tiriei; whakangaro ; 

huna; whakamoti; tukituki. 
Destroyed, a. ngaro; tipoko; 

Destructive, a. orota. 
Detached, a. kaewa; (as clouds), 

Detain, v.t. pujjui'i; 2)uj)uru. 
Detect, v.t. hoj)u. 
Detest, v.t. kino; ivhakakino; 

ivhakarihariha ; inorikarika. 
Devil, n. rewera. 
Devour, v.t. kai; hohoni; ho7v- 

niiti. See eat. 
Dew, n. hau; haunui; haurahi; 

hauku; hauruhi; hautaorua; 

kojmta; taituri; tomairangi. 
Dialect, n. reo. 
Diarrhoea, n. rere; tarahi; hi; 

huhu; koangi; konao; korijn; 

tororere; tikotiko. 
Die, V. i. mate; hemo; marere; 

Differ, v. i. puta ke; horo. 
Different, a. ke. 
Difficult, a. whakarira ; uaua. 
Difficulty, n. hia. 
— with, ad. ngatd. 
Dig, V. t. ngaki; ko; keri; kari; 

hangohango ; naiiaku ; karitu- 

— up, v.t. hauhake; pitvai; huke ; 

tipoka ; pakihi. 
Digging implement, n. ko; ka- 

heru ; hangohango. 
Dignity, n. ahua rangatira. 

Digress, v.i. kawekaweka. 
Diligent, a. mamahi ; ahuwhenua. 
Dim-sighted, a. atarua. 
Diminished, a. iti iho; paku iho; 

kohakoha ; harahara ; tahara- 

hara; ririo; tamonio. 
Dip, v.t. tou. 
— (with a ladle), v.t. utn; koutu; 

Direct, v. t. tohutohu; whaka- 

Direct, a. tika; totika. 
Directly, ad. inamata; aianei. 
Dirge, n. apakura; tangi-a-tahu. 
Dirt, n. paru; para. 
Dirty, a. poke; paru. 
Disagreeable, a. tveriweri ; 

whakarihariha ; whakarika- 

rika; houhou. 
— (to the taste), a. kutaitai; kawa. 
Disappear, v.i. torenii; torengi; 

nunumi ; henumi ; tanumi ; 

whakaero; tarori. 
Disappointed, a. rarua; mata- 

Disapprove, v. t. ivhakakino ; 

kaiva ; kino. 
Disarranged, a. tohenehene. 
Disaster, n. aitna. 
Disbelieve, v. t. whakateka ; 

whakahori; whakahawea; wha- 

kamanu; ivhakanano. 
Discern, v.t. kite. See kno-w 

and see. 
Discharge from the eyes, n. 

— of fire-arms, n. ivaipu; wai- 

Disciple, n. akonga; tauira. 
Disclose, v.t. whakakite; whaka- 

puaki ; wawahi. 
Disclosed, a. puaki; wha. 
Discomfiture, n. huhi. 
Discover, v.t. kite; hura. 
Discuss, v.t. hurihuri. 
Disdain, v.t. whakakino; whaka- 

ahu; whakaparahako. 




Disease, n. mate; tarn. 
Disembcwel, v.t. timki. 
Disentangle, v.t. wewete; ui. 
Disfigured, iionoi. 
Disgust, (treat witli marks of), 

v.t. lainatama. 
Disgusted, a. ivhakarihariha ; 

tvhaka/nnthou ; makinokino ; 

nianinoliea ; matenyatenga. 
Disgusting, a. whakarihariha ; 

whakarikarika ; weriweri ; eti- 

eti ; wetiweti. 
Dish, n. lilHi. 
Dishevelled, a. hutoitoi ; tuJiei- 

Dishonest, a. fhdhanya ; hianga. 
Disinclined, be, v.i. ngakaukore. 
Disinter, v.t. halith ; ehu. 
Dislike, v.t. kino ; whakakino ; 

Dismiss, v.t. tono ; tuku. 
Disobedient, a. turi; tutu. 
Disobey, v.t. (a command, kc.) 

Disorderly, a. takoto ke, takoto 

ke ; kohangaweka ; jjakepakeha. 
Disparage, v.t. whakarawcd ; ha- 

nihani ; ivhakatoihara. 
Dispersed, be, v.i. heuheu; pa- 

karu ; rnarara; korara ; tirara ; 

Dispirited, a. marohirohi. 
Displaced, a. katofe. 
Display, v.t. whakakite; whaka- 

Dispute, v.i. tautohetohe ; nga- 

Disquieted, be, v.i. pahi; jmiri; 

awangawanga. See anxious. 
Disrespectful, a. totoa. 
Dissimulate, v.i. whakatongd; 

Dissolved, be, v.i. memeha. 
Distance, a, n. tawhiti; auaatu; 

— at a, ad. akiko. 
— coming from a, a. patrangi. 


Distant, a. matara; tatara; ta- 
whiti; mamao; pamamao ; awe- 
arve; hoi; nanihi. 

Distaste for food, having, a. 
wall akmva ; wakciwa ; icainam u. 

Distasteful, a. matakawa; wai- 

Distort the features, v.i. nya- 
nyaliu. See grin. 

Distorted, a. rori. 

Distorted figure, n. tvheku. 

Distract attention of, v.t. wha- 
kaivare ; waivao. 

Distress, v.t. whakapouri. 

Distress, n. mate; ngangi. 

— of mind, n. tuatea; awanga- 

Distribute, v.t. tuwha; tohatoha. 

District, n. takiwa; tiriwa. 

Distrustful, a. matakana. 

Disturb, v.t. whakararu ; whaka- 

Disturbance, n. ngangau. 

Disturbed in mind, a. mawera. 

Ditch, n. waikei'i ; tvaikari ; awa- 
keri; awakari; awamate; awa- 
rua; waitahinga ; manga; mai- 

Dive, v.i. ruku; tiqwupou. 

Divergent stream, n. matahae. 

Divide, v.t. wehewehe; wawae; 
kowae; tawae; tahei; ihi; wa- 
wahi; tito7'e. 

Divided, a. tarerarera; motu- 
motit; tveherua. 

Dividing line, n. waenga. 

Divination, n. niu; matakite. 

Division, n. kotinga; wahanga; 
hua; tiriwa; wehenga; puihi ; 
tutanga; waenga. 

Dizzy, a. anini ; poatinitini ; 
puano. See giddy. 

Do, v.t. mea. 

— thoroughly, v.t. whakatepe. 

— "what, v.t. aha. 

— without authority, v.t. 2}oka- 




Dock, (plant), n. runa. 
Doctor, n. takuta; rata. 
Doctrine, n. akoranga. 
Dodge, v.i. hikohiko ; kohikohiko. 
Dog, n. ktiri ; kuriniaori; kara- 

rehe ; kirehe ; mame ; nane ; pe- 

Dogfish, n. mango. 
Dole, v.t. tohunyarua ; toronga ; 

Dominion, n. rangatiratanga. 
Done, be, v.i. oti. 
Door, n. tatau; koixtni. 
Door-post, n. tiiturih. 
Door-sill, n. pehipehi. 
Door-way, n. kuwaha ; tvhati- 

toka ; whaitoka; roro. 
Dot, n. tongi. 
Double, a. paparna ; aparua ; 

— together, v.t. kokopi. 
— up, V. portiku; takapapa. 
— tooth, 11. niho-pu; niho jnira- 

Doubtful, a. pohehe; pohetva; 

])okaku; ruarua; weherua; ra- 

Down, n. humhuru. 
Down, ad. iho; ki raro. 
Downcast, a. tapou; hakerekere. 
Doze, V. i. nenewha ; tuneivha ; 

kurehu; turehu. 
Drag, v.t. kukwme; toto. 
Dragonfly, n. kapowcd. 
Drain, ii. awakeri; tvaitahinga. 

See ditch. 
Drain, v.t. whakatahe. 
Draughts, n. mc. 
Draw, (a sliding board), v.t. 

— aw^ay suddenly, v.t. takiri. 
— out, V. unu. 
— together, v.t. kuku; kukiiti; 

runa; roiroi; taroi; ruruku; 

— up (as the clothes), v.t. liikupeke; 

liupeke; pukorukoru; ropi. 

Draw near, v.i. whakaiata; awhi; 

Drawn forth, a. maunu. 
Drawn up (as the legs), a. pej)eke; 

li 1 ipeke ; koropeke. 
Dread, v.t. wehi; matakn. See 

Dreadful, a. mataku; u-ehi. 
Dream, n. moe ; moemoea ; moe- 

lieica ; rekanga kanohi. 
Dredge, n. hao ; karau ; manga ; 

Dredge, v.t. hao. 
Dregs, n. nganga. 
— of shark's oil, n. apo. 
Dress, n. kakahu. 
Dress, v.t. whakakakahu. 
— (food), v.t. raweke. 
Dried up (as water), a. maroke ; 

mimiti ; jjakihi. 
Drift, v.i. pae ; papae ; tere, ; teki. 
Drift-wood, n. paetvai ; tawhao- 

Drink, v.t. inu. 
— out of the hand, v.t. kapu ; 

— to, give, v.t. ivliakni'iiu. 
Drip, V. i. tuturu ; hoho ; heke ; 

])ata : kopatapata ; toto. 
Dripping, a. poteretere ; icheku- 

Drive, v.t. a. 
— away, v.t. atiati. 
— together, v.t. tawldu. 
Driven (by the wind), a. 2>uawhe. 
— broadside on, a. paea; papae. 
Drizzle, v.i. koneUuiieliu; pune- 

Droop, v.i. tatao ; tarewa. 
Drop, n. 2>(it(i- 
Drop, v.i. marere; makere. 
— off, or out, v.i. horo; ngahoro ; 

papalioro ; ngakumi. 
Dropsical, a. kopurua. 
Dross, n. para. 
Drought, n. raki; tauraki. 
Drowned, toe, v.i. paremo. 



Drowsy, a. hvimuc ; hinamoe : 

momoe ; tuneivha. 
Drug, 11. roiKjoa. 
Drum of the ear, n. torliio. 
Drunken, a. haurangi. 
Dry, a. maroke : pdku ; katakata; 

jnikatakata; tigata ; pungata; 

raki ; tipoka ; tikdkd ; koka ; 

viatika; paka; 2^(^kohea; tlpd ; 

pakoko ; kaimaoa . 
— very, a. maroke hangehange; 

maroke hengahenga ; 2^C'ku2)aku 

Dry, v.t. whakamaroke; tauraki. 
— (as a mummy), v.t. 2mki])aki. 
Duck, n. pare7-a; matajjouri; j)0- 

reterete ; whiorau ; karakaliia ; 


— , paradise, n. j^utmigitangi. 

Duck, v.t. kopiro; rumaki. 

— one another, v.t. tau7-umaru- 

Dull, a. jmhoi; rare. See blunt, 


a. ivdhatigu ; reo kore 


Dunce, n. kuware; rare. 
l)ung, 11. tutae; 7'oke. 
Dupe, \'.t. tatvare. 
Durable, a. ora roa. 
During, prep. i. 
Dusk, be, v.i. kaurukiruki ; kaka- 

rauri; kaunenehu ; kaurerehu ; 

Dusky, a. nehunehu; rikoriko. 
Dust, n. 7iehu ; para ; puehu ; 

punenehu; koncnehu. 
— (in the eye, <fec.) n. pura. 
Dust, reduce to, v.t. whakanehu. 
Dwarf, n. roiroi; tauhena; whe; 

Dwell, v.i. noho. 
Dwelling, n. whare. 
Dwelling-place, n. kainga. 
Dwindle, v.i. iti haere; whakaero. 
Dye, n. tae. 
Dye, v.t. tuku. 
Dying, be, v.i. whakahemohemo. 


Each, a. tenet — tenei; tena — tena; 

tera — tera; ia — ia. Tera tanga- 

ta, tera tangata; each man. 
Eager, a. ngakau-nui ; ivhdwhai; 

karekare; takare; tareka; oke; 

arita; hau; kaikd; rika. 
Ear, n. taringa. 
— lobe of the, n. hoi; toke. 
— ornament, n. ivhakakai ; motoi; 

pohoi ; txmtau. 
— wax, n. taturi. 
Early, a. moata. See dawn. 
Earth, n. oneone; whenua. 
Earth up, v.t. ahuahu; tokiioki. 
Earthquake, n. r?t. 
Ease, at, a. aumoe. 
Eased (as pain), a. mauru. 
East, n. rawhiti. 
East wind, n. marangai. 

Eastern, a. tokerau. 

Easy, a. rarawe ; takoto noa; 

ngawari ; waingohia. 
Eat, v.t. kai; kame; kamu; kome; 

tametame; ivhakoma. 
— at odd times, between meals, 

v.t. korainuramu ; harangote. 
— before others, v.t. hamure. 
— ravenously, v.t. kaihoro ; 

ivhaupa; horomiti; taparu. 
— raw, v.t. ota. 
— scraps, v.t. hatnu. 
Eaves, n. ikuiku; heu; whaka- 
Ebb, v.i. timu ; heke ; tokari ; 

taivhaii ; tiremi. 
— begin to, v.i. taui; maunu; ketu 
Echo, v.t. p>aoro. Place where 

echo occurs, pari karangaranga. 




Economise, v.t. w}ia,kamoainoa. 
Eddy, n. mihoki; ripo; koripo- 

r^ipo; kororipo ; koroivheowheo. 
Eddy-'wind, n. haic pongi ; pongi- 

2)ongi ; jiokijwki ; hau ripo ; 

Edge, n. koinga ; mata; tapa. 
— upper, of net, &c., n. tahatu. 
— be set on, v.i. mania ; monia. 
Eel, n. tuna; heke; kirikopuni; 

kokopu; kopaopao ; orea; ^;w- 

hanga; puhi; takiekie ; ngori- 

ngori; paetvai; paitvai; pari- 

kou; pikita7'a; niatarehe; ma- 

tuatua ; ngoetoeto ; ngohiive ; 

ngoiro ; whitiki ; whakaau ; 

jjapawhenua; kauaetea; inata- 

moe ; ngaeroero ; ngorengore ; 

pakarara ; pangore ; takoto- 

ivheuna; tatarakau. 
Eel-pot, n. hinaki. 
Effectual, a. mana. 
Effort, n. koha; xiaua; riaka. 
Egg, n. hua. heki. 
Ejaculate, v.t. tujjere. 
Eject, v.t. pnna; pei; tuhiti. 
Eight, a. warn. 
Eighth, a. tuawaru. 
Eighteen, a. tekau ma, want. 
Eighty, a. ivaru tekau ; hoko- 

Either, ad. ranei; raina. 
Elated, a. mnnahau. 
Elt)0"W, n. tuketiike; tvhatianga. 
Elbo"W, v.t. tutetuke; txiketuke. 
Elder person, n. kaumatua ; 

muanga ; matamua. 
Elder brother or sister, n. tua- 

Eldest brother or sister, n. 

Elevate, v. t. ])aikeike ; poike ; 

Elevated, a. hiamo ; tairanga- 

Eleven, a. tekau ma tahi. 
Else, ad. oti. 

Blse"where, ad. ki tetahi wahi; 

ki wahi ke; ki hea ranei. 
Emaciated, a. kiko-kore; maero. 
Embalm, v.t. ivhakapakoko. 
Embankment, n. maioro. 
Embark, v.i. eke. 
Embellish, v.t. whakapaipai; 

Embers, n. ngarehu; ngarahu. 
Embrace, v.t. awhi. 
Emerge, v.i. ea; maea. 
Emetic, n. whakaruaki. 
Emigrant, n. heke. 
Emigrate, v.i. heke. 
Emit gas (as tire), v.i. purehua. 
Empty, H. takoto kau; kautaha- 

nga; tahanga; piango. 
Emulate, v. tataivhainga ; tau- 

ivhainga ; tautohetohe ; whaka- 

Enable, v.t. whakakaha; mana- 

Encampment, n. puni ; noho- 

anga; pahi; jjupahi; kdinga. 
Encircle, v.t. pukoro ; taiaivhio. 
Encircled, a. taka. 
Enclose, v.t. hao; pahao; kara- 

poti; kopani. 
Enclosure, small, n. raihe. 
Encounter, v.t. whawhai. 
Encourage, v.t. tvhakahatihau ; 

ivhakangahau ; akiaki ; tena ; 

ivhakatenatena . 
Encroach, v.i. aurara; aula. 
Encumber, v.t. ivhakawheru. 
Encumbered, a. auhi; tvheru; 

Encumbrance, n. kukd; kutd ; 

End, n. pito ; topito ; poro ; 

poronga ; moka ; moremovenga; 

niutunga ; ivhakamutunga ; 

End, v.t. whakainutu ; ivhakaoti; 

poro; tauporo. 
End, come to an, v.i. mutu ; 

tutuki; p)orotutxiki ; urupa. 




Endeavour, n. kohn; uaua; take. 
Endeavour, v.i. tuhe; whnka- 
uaua; puta te iiaua; whaka- 
Endless, a. mutunga-kore. 
Enemy, u. hoa-riri ; hoa-whaivhai; 

■ivhakadviki ; ivhewheia; uto. 
Energetic, a. hihii-i. 
Energy, n. ngoi; korou. 
Enfeeble, v. whakaruhiruhi ; 

ivli ahingoikore ; rorerore. 
Engaged, a. urupu. 
Engulf, v.t. punga; 7'ona. 
Engulfed, a. taniomi. 
Enlarge, v.t. whakanui. 
Enlighten, v.t. whakamarama. 
Enmity, n. ivhainga; 2icikanya; 

Ennotole, v.t. whakaraiuiatira ; 

Enough, it is, heoi; heoli; kati. 
Enquire, v.t. ui; ])atai; paki- 

rehua. See ask. 
Enraptured, a. ivehe. 
Ensnare, v. i-ore; mahanga; toro- 
mahanga ; torohere; tahei'e ; reti ; 
Entangle, v.t. apoapo ; arau ; 

Entangled, a. raka; rapa; rori ; 
tapiki; ivhiwhi; tatvhiwhi; tmi- 
whitvhi; arau; rorerore. 
Enter, v.i. tomo; tapoko; piita. 
Entertain, v.t. ataivhai; taurima; 

Entice, v.t. poapoa; whakapati- 
pati; ngore; p)atari ; taruru; 
Entire, a. tikitu; toitu; tirutapu. 
Entirely, ad. ke. 
Entrails, n. ivhekau; ngakau. 
Entrance, n. waha ; kuwaha ; 
waharoa; wahapu ; tomokanga. 
— to a trap, n. pawa; pewa. 
Ent'wine, v.t. iakatakai. 
Entwined, a. iawhiwhi; rapa. 
See entangled. 

Envelop, v.t. kupaki. 

— -with leaves (for cooking), v.t. 

Envious, a. hae ; pnhaehae ; 

Epidemic, n. retvharewha ; mate 

Equal, a. rite. 
Erect, a. tu; tutu; tumafohi. 
Erect, v.t. whakaara; whakatu. 
Error, ii. he. 

Escape, v.i. pwto ; oma ; rere 
pahe?io; pahure; maivhiti; ora ; 
— narrovrly, v.i. oraiti; oranoa; 

orapito ; inoariari. 
Establish, v.t. whakanoho; wha- 

kapinna^i ; icliaka.tuturu. 
Estranged, a. moriroriro. 
Eternal, a. ora tonu ; vmtunga- 

Evacuate the bowels, v.i. tiko; 

Evaporate, v.i. mimiti. 
Even, H. tika ; tautika. 
Evening, n. aJiiahi. 
Evening star, the, n. Rereahiahi. 
Ever, ad. tomi; i nga tva katoa. 
Everlasting, a. ora tonu; mau- 

Evermore, ad. ake, ake, ake. 
Every, a. katoa. 
Evident, a. mararaa. 
Evil, a. kino. 
Exact, a. tino. 
Exactly, ad. ano; pii. 
Exalt, v.t. whakanui; luhaka- 

Exalted, a. hia^no. 
Examine, v.t. titiro; tirotiro; 

tvlwkatau; arohi; matakitaki. 
Example, n. tauira. 
Excavate, v.t. whakakorua; huke. 
Excavated, a. areare. 
Excavation, n. korua. 
Exceed, v.t. hipa; pahika. 
Exceeding (a definite number), a, 

Excellent 262 

Excellent, a. rawe; kairanga- 

Exception, -without, ad. anake; 

Excess (over a round number), n. 

Excessive, be, v.i. toroihi. 
Exchange, v.t. hoko; hohoko; 

rvliakawhiti; kurutete. 
Excite, V. whakapata7'itm-i ; wha- 

— affection, v.i. iokomauri. 
Excited, a. naive. 
Excoriated, be, v.i. mahihore; 

mahore; pahore; titupii; wha- 

Excuse, v.t. ivhakaoraora. 
Exert oneself, v.i. tohe; riaka; 

ivhakauann ; whakarira ; tete. 
Exhaled, be, v.i. jmaki. 
Exhausted, a. kongenge; ruhi; 

miere; tawari. 
— (as land), a. pakeka; titohea; 

tohetea ; hioiki ; whetengi ; 

Exhort, v.t. ivhakahauhau ; 

Exhume, v.t. hahu; elm. 
Exile, n. inanene; konene; ta- 

ngata i peia. 
Expand (in weaving) v.t. tihoi. 
Expanded, a. roha; liora; mako- 

Jid ; fiivhaki. * 

Expect, v.t. tummiako ; tatari. 
Expel, v.t. pei; pana: tuhiti; 

Experienced, a matanga; tau- 

Explaiil, V. t. ivliakaatu ; wluika- 

Explode, V. i. papa; tiripapa; 

pahu; pakd ; pakb. 


i Explore, v.t. titiro; toro ; wlmka- 

Extend, v. i. pakii; totoro; tu- 

tuki; tae. 
Extend the neck, v.i. neinei; 

Extended, a. tnahora; rauroha; 

ralia ; koraha; wnaraha; maro; 

Extensive, a. ivharahi ; wharau- 

Extent, n. nuku; nibhiga; roa- 

Exterminate, v. t. whakamoti; 

ivhaka,iigaro ; tijnhauraro. 
Exterminated, a. mimiti; moti; 

Extinguish, v.t. tinei. 
Extinguished, be, v.i. mate; 

pirau; poko ; tipoko ; tvheko ; 

weko ; weto ; keto; pio; 7igio; 

kewa ; 2}'i'>'oku; weroku. 
Extol, v.t. whakahirahira ; wha- 

kai-angaranga . 
Extort, v.t. apo. 
Extraordinary, a. whanoke ; 

tangi ke; autaia; haraki. 
Extremity, n. j)ito; topito; poro; 

moka ; niatamata ; hikiihiku ; 

Extruded, a. ivliererei. 
Exudation (from plants), n. tae; 

pla; ware. 
Exult, v.i. wliakainanamana ; 

Eye, n. katiohi; karu; mata. 
Eye-ball, n. whatii. 
Eyebrow, n. kajje; 2)eiva; tioke- 

mata; nana. 
Eyelash, n. kamokamo; kamonga. 
Kyelid, n. rewha. 





Fable, n. korero tara. 

Face, 11. inata; kanohi; aronro. 

Face, V. i. anf/a; aro. 

Facing boards (of the gable of a, n. taumailii. 
Faded (in coloui-), v. i. hatea ; 

Faint, a. hemo; hauhmiaihi: jjo- 

r('])ore; maiengi; wcdtau. 
Faint-hearted, a. hojn; moteatea; 

taintea; liarotu; tunutunu. 
Fair (in complexion), a. kiritea; 

Fair (of weather), a. paki; tupaki; 

iiKto; tahaohao; tnatatea; kcika- 

Faith, n. tvhaknpono. 
Faithful, a. pono. 
Fall (from an upright jDosition), 

v.i. hinga; porowha. 

— (drop), v.i. makere ; marere; 
ngakuru; ngahoro ; riaki. 

— (crumble clown), v. i. horo ; 

— in one's "way, v. i. 2^^'^^^^ 

— to one's lot or turn, v.i. taka. 
Falling heavily (as rain), a. 

)) inker evchatu. 
Fallow, a. patohe. 
False, a. teka; horihori; jxirau; 

ivarahoe ; melio ; makiri ; tahu- 

pera; tapeha; tapeka; tipati2')a; 

Falsify, v.t. aweke. 
Fame, n. roiigo. 
Familiar spirit, n. 7-apa maori; 

Familiarised, a. taunga; waia. 
Family, n. hapori; pori; ha2'>u; 

Famine, n. wa kai kore. 
Famous, a. aranga; hau; ingoanui 

Fan, v.t. koivhiuwhiu; powaiwai. 

Fantail, n. 2>'i'f'^fikcnvaka. 

Far advanced (in distance), a. 

a^ia niai; aiui atu. 
Far off, a. tawhiti. See distant. 
Farewell, int. hei konei ra ; 

e noJiO ; Jiaere ra. 
Farewell, bid, v.t. 2^oro2)oroaki. 
Farm, n. mara. 
Farther, ad. ki ko atu, &c. 
Fashion, v.t. whakaaJma ; ivhaka- 

Fast, v.i. nohojjuku. 
Fast, a. hohoro. See quick. 
— (fixed), a. ti; mau; kita; ngita; 

Fasten, v. t. tvhakau ; whaka- 

niau ; tainau ; whakananawe; 

whaka2nri; tvhakarawa; wha- 

— (with a pin or peg), v.t. titi; 

karatiti; niaiiti. 
— to a stake, v.t. pou. 
Fastidious, a. whakatarapi. 
Fat, a. momona; kohuehiie; tua- 

Pat, n. ngako; matu; hinu. 
— (about the kidneys), n. ^?a; 

— (on the intestines), n. tvhiwhi; 

tnatakupenga ; taiij)a. 
Father, n. jjrt^>a; matua tane. 
Father-in-law, n. hungawai ; 

hitnarere; hunarei. 
Fathom, n. maro. 
Fatigued, a. ngenge ; mauiui ; 

tu7igarangara ; whakangehe- 

Fault, n. he. 
Fear, n. mataku ; welii; hopo- 

hopo; koera; tnotiiania; wana- 

wana; hae. 




Fearful, a. wehi; mataku. See 

Feast, n. hakari; tangohanga. 
Feather, n. hon; raukura. 
— , tail, n. rumaeko. 
Feathers, large (of the wing), n. 

February, n. pepuere. 
Feeble, a. ngoikore ; iwikore ; 

kongehe; takurutu. See listless 
Feed, v.t. whangai. 
Feel, v.t. whawha; rongo. 
Feign, v.t. whakatau. 
Fell, v.t. tua; tojie. 
Fellow, n. koroke ; tahake ; ta- 

whiti; koiwi. 
■ — -(companion), hoa. 
Female, a. tvahine. 
— (of brutes), uwha. 
Fence, n. taiepa; tae2Ja; takitaki; 

toaiva; teki; kereteki; 7naihe; 

tiwatawata; tuivatawata ; lata; 

tatara ; ahui'iri ; kaungaroa ; 

Fence, enclose -with, v.t. ato. 
Fender, n. arai ahi; takuahi. 
Ferment, v.i. i; toroi; moi. 
Fern (bracken), n. rahurahu; 

rarahu ; rauaruhe ; rarauhe ; 

peka; marohi; takaka, 
— , freshly grown, n. tope. 
— root, n. roi; aruhe; tnohani ; 

nioheke ; pakakohi ; renga ; 

parara; ineke. 
Perry, n whakawhitinga. 
Ferryman, n. kai-whakawhifi. 
Fertile, a. momona. 
Fester, n. tupua ; wharaki ; 

jxthripahu ; tongako. 
Fetch, v.t. tiki; toki ; kawe. 
Fetid, a. piro; haunga; haricru. 

See stink. 
Fever, n. kiri-ka; karawaka. 
Pew, a. niarua; torutoru; oku- 

oku; ouou; ngouruuru. 
Fibre, n. kaka; takaka; tveu. 
Fibres, full of, a. kakoa. 

Fibula, n. tatahau. 

Field (cultivated), n. mara. 

Fierce, a. 7'iri; tatahau; tianakia; 

hinana; rotari; whaura. 
Fifteen, a. tekau ma rima. 
Fifth, a. tuarima. 
Fifty, a. 7'iina tekau; hokorima. 
Fig, n. PiKi. 
Fight, v.t. tatau ; whawhai; riri; 

tu; tatai rakau; kakari. 
Figure (in arithmetic), n. whika. 
Figure-head, n. tauihu; pitau; 

pitau whakareia; tete; pakuru- 

kuru; ptai'ata; toiere. 
Pile, n. tira; tutira. 
Pile, in, a. matatira. 
— , in even, a. rahiri. 
Fill, v.t. whakaki; whawhao. 
— (a space), v.t. whakakapi. 
Filled, be, v.i. ki; puru; tomo; 

kapi; puni. 
Fillip, v.t. ko7'opana; turapana. 
Filth, n. jmru; tahae. 
Filthy, a. raru; manuheko. 
Fin, n. tira; urutira; paihau; 

p)akvpaki; hawa; pakihawa. 
Find, v.t. kite. 
Find room, v.i. o. 
Fine (gay), a. whakapaipai; 

torire; toingo. 
— (as tliread), a. tarapi. 
— (as weather), a. p>aki. 
Finger, n. inatihao ; maihao ; 

7nat,ikara ; koikara. 
— , little, n. koroiti; toi iti; toiti. 
— nail, n. maikuku; inatikuku. 
Finish, v.t. whakaoti; whakapau; 

Finished, be, v.i. oti ; hemo ; 

poro ; tutioki. 
Fire, n. ahi; kapura; maiiura; 

hatete; kanaku; kora; maute; 

ngiha; paltuyiu. 
— , means of procuring, n. kau- 

— , set on, v.t. tahu; tutu; tu- 

mata^ tuiiyutu. 




Fire, v.t. pupuhi. 

Firebrand, n. motuDwtu; mo- 

motu; ■nyot'n,nyotu ; n[/oii')igou ; 

Fireplace, n. kmiya-ahi ; pa- 

Fire"wood, n. tvahie ; peka ; 

kohure ; kora ; 2'^oe ; phroJui, ; 

piraku; piraka. 
Firm, a. u; mmi; au; taketake; 

tupu ; uka ; akicaku ; kita ; 

First, a. tuatahi ; matamua ; 

— man killed in battle, n. ma- 

taika; matanyohi. 
First, ad. matua; atua; tvawe; 

ki mua. 
First-born, a. itiatamua ; imui- 

ny<i; pekepolio ; tcqjaii'u. 
First-fruits, n. tuapora; tmnaliu. 
Fish, u. ika; nyolii; mataitai. 
Fish, V. t. hi ; for eels, toi. 
Fish-hook, n. matau; inatika; 

twni; matikara. 
Fishing-line, n. aho; nape. 
Fishing-rod, n. manana; matire. 
Fitting, be, v.i. ao. 
Five, a. rima. 
Fix, V. whakau ; whakmnau ; 

ivliakapumau ; &c. 
Fixed, a. ^^ ; mau ; j^^ijuaw ; 

tuniau; tuturu; uka; tina ; 

iupu; tete. 
Flabby, a. nyehenyehe ; ngongohe. 
Flaccid, a. nyore; taroma; mo- 

mohe; nyonyohe; j;^A;«^(;^/^«■^/;^; 


Flag, n. KARA; HAKI. 

Flail, n. karawhiio. 

Flame, n. mura. 

Flank, n. kaokao. 

Flap, (wings), v.i. aroarowhaki; 

— (in the wind), v.i. tareparepa; 

Flash, v.i. viura; pura; kota- 

mutamu ; hiko; koivha; rarapa; 

Flat, a. papatahi ; pararahi ; 

paraharaha; parehe; whariki. 
— part (of the foot, of a spade, 

itc), n. rapa; raparaj)a. 
— rock, n. h'uapapa. 
— projections, having, a. rira- 

Flat-roofed, a. kaupaparu; kura- 

pdpd; jmparu; pora. 
Flatter, v. t. whakajmtipati ; 

eneene; rutu. 
Flavour, n. ha; namunatyiua. 
Flax-plant, n. korari ; harakeke; 

harareke ; tihore ; wharariki ; 

tvharanui; &c. 
Flax (dressed), n. muka; ■ichilau. 
Flay, v.t. tihore. See strip off. 
Flea, n. jniruhi; mororohtt ; keha; 

Flee, v.i. oma; whati. See run. 
Fleet, n. kaupapa. 
Flesh, n. kikokiko. 
Flexible, a. ngore ; pingore ; 

ngohengohe ; j)'''kawikawi ; ta- 

Flight, n. omanga. 
Fling, v.t. maka; akiri; ivhiu. 

See thro"W. 
Flint, n. kiri2Ktka; mata. 
Flit, v.i. heke. 
Float, v.i. manu; rewa; taupua; 

ivhakamaho ; porena; tere. 
Float, v.t. poranga. 
Float, n. 2)oito; poufo. 
Flock, n. kahui; rahui; raiiyai. 
— of birds, jwkai. 
Flog, v.t. whiu. 

Flood, n. waipuke; 2jaratohenua. 
Floor, n. kaupa2)a: kaiwae ; ka- 

raJio; rahoralio. 
Flounder, v.i. kowheta. 
Flounder, n. 2)ci,iiki. 
Flour, n. PARAOA. 
Flow, v.i. 7-ere; tarere; hirere; 

patere; ku2)ere. 




Plow in driblets, v.i. 2}ahihi. 
— (as the tide), v.i. 2)m'i; kato; 

2>akato ; papara; pi; whanake. 
— Ibegin to (as the tide), v.i. 

tnatatu; matauru; heru; hura. 
Flower, n. puawai; pv^a; ptmka. 
Flurried, a. ponana. 
Piute, n. pu; putorino; rehu ; 

Flutter (as a bird), v.i. kape- 

Ply, n. rango ; nyaro ; namu ; 

Ply, v.i. rere; omaki. 
— back (as a spring), v.i. hupana; 

— (a kite), v.t. tvhakaanyi. 
Flying fish, n. maroro. 
Foam, n. huka. 
Foaming, a. pua. 
Fog, n. kohu; pukoliu; au. 
Foiled, be, v.i. rahua. 
Fold, n. koru ; j^itAjorw; wluiti- 

Fold, v.t. whaivhati; konumi; 

tanumi ; wJiakakopakopa, 
Folds, hanging in, a. hangoru- 

ngoru; takoru. 
Follow, v.t. aru; what; tawhai. 
Fond, a. mateoha. 
Fondle, v.t. whakamaimoa. 
Pood, n. kai; kaine; kamukamu; 

kome ; o; oranga; 2}aTare; tame; 

tamitatni; tawhi; wene ; wha- 

7igongo; takunga; takiura. 
Foolish, a. kuware; rare; waira- 

ngi; heahea. 
Foot, n. tvaewae ; wae. 
— (measure), n. pure/. 
— of a pig, n. taputapu. 
Footprint, n. taj)uwae ; waetvae. 
For, prep, hei; ma; mo; ki. 
— coiij. hoki. 

Forbearing, a. manawanui. 
Forbid, v.t. tvhakakahore; wha- 

kakore ; jjehi; riri. 
Force, n. kaha. 

Force one's way (tlirougli a 

crowil), v.i. 7ij]iakit('ie. 
Forced out, be, v.i. rvhete. 
Ford, n. kaur-anga ; kauanga. 
Ford, v.t. kau. 

Forearm, n. tahikau; kikowhiti. 
Forehead, i\. rae. 
Foreign race, n. tauiwi. 
Foreigner, n. pakeha; taiawa; 

taugata ^iora; taiitangata,. 
Foremost, a. matarmia. 
Forerunner, n. mUtdre^'e. 
Forest, n. ngahere ; oigarehe ; 

nehenehe ; ngaliengahe ; wao; 

Porestal, v. t. tvhakataunahua. 
Forget, V. t. wareware. 
Forgive, v. t. lioliou i te rongo ; 

Forgotten, a. tvareware; ngaro. 
Pork, n. maraii; jniro/a; 2)urou; 

tirou; whaka. 
— (of a tree), ii. ^^eArtii^a; tara- 

Forked, a. tokomanga. 
Form, n. ahua; kahua. 
— , \.t. whakaaliua; tvlLakawhaia- 

— , acquire, v.i. zohakaakua. 
Former, a. to mua. 
— time, n. iniia ; namata. 
Formerly, nd. inamata ; noiia- 

Fornication, n. jnoremu, i)ioe ta 

hae ; kaikaiatara. 
Forsake, v.t. whakarere. 
Forsaken, a. maJme. 
Fortification, n. 2>n. 
Forty, a. 'xjha tekau ; liokowha. 
Foster, v.t. ahu; ahuaJtu ; ivha- 

ngai; kumanu. 
Fosterchild, n. ivhaiigai. 
Found, be, v.i. rokohanya; ruko- 

Fountain, n. 2)U7ia. 
Four, a. wha. 
Four days ago, ad. inaoakenui. 




Fourteen, a. iekcn via n-hn. 
Fowl, (ham door), ii. heihei; ti- 

Fracture, n. kore; paka7'u; ])a- 

kore; ivhati. 
Fragile, a. pajya noa. 
Fragment, n. pota; maramara; 

])((,)-<i/)ai'aha7i(/a; inorohe ; mofMe. 
Fragments, in, a. rikiriki. 
Fragrant, a. kakara. 
Fraud, n. tinihanga. See de- 
Freckle, n. ira; titvha. 
Freckled, A.korakorako; kothvha- 

Free, a. rangatira ; atea; tvatea; 

matara; tatara; tangatanga. 
— from marriage tie, a. taka- 

■ — from tapu, a. aurhi7'i. 
— ft*om tapu, V. t. prtre; taitai; 

takapau; takiri; tamaahit. 
Frequent, a. auau; tia; putu- 

Frequently, ad. miau. 
Fresh, a. (of vegetables, &c.), 

kaimata; (of water), maori. 
Fret, V. i. karangi ; koingo. 
Friable, a. ngahoro. 
Friday, n. Par aire. 
Friend, n. hoa. 
Friendly, a. rata. 
Frighten, v. t. tvhakamataku ; 

tvhakatveJii ; whakahaehae ; tunu. 
Frightened, a. mataku; wehi; 

koera; tuineke. 

Frivolous, a. hangahanga ; ngaha 

Frog, n. pepeke; pqroka. 
From, prep, i; no; o. 
Front, 11. aroaro. 
— , the, n. mua. 
— (of a house), n. roro; whaitoka ; 

Frost, n. huka; hukapapa; hau- 

papa; haiUiiinga; makariri. 
Froth, n. huka. 
l^'ruit, n. liua ; mau. 
Fruitful, a. mahiru ; maj)ua ; 

papiia ; liuakumu. 
Fruitlessly, ad. noa. 
Fry, V. t. parai. 

Frying-pan, n. parai; raupant. 
Fulfilled, a. rite. 
Full, be, V. i. ki; ngihangiha; 

pangoro; pnliake; toka; jniha- 

jniha ; tomo ; tu7'nki; kopu ; 

poha; puru; renarena. 
Full, (of the moon), a. hua. 
Full grown, a. katua; pakeke. 
Fulness about the eyes or lips, 

n. peru. 
Fungus (on trees), n. harore ; 

hawai; i^orotawa; p?ito?fa. 
— (of commerce j, keka; taringa-o- 

Tiakiivai; hakeke. 
Funnel, n. korere. 
Furious, a. rutaki. 
Further, ad. ki ko atu; ki 2Mhaki 

Fusty, a. hekaheka; pionc. 
Future time, n. miori. 


Gable, n. ihi. 
Gain, v.t. tahiwhi. 
Gale, n. awha; ttqjuhi. 
Gall, n. paoa; au. 
Game, n. takaro; kai. 
— (wiki animals or birds), hnahua; 

Game, make, v. i. wliakangako. 
Gangrene, n. kikohunga. 
Gape, V. i. kowhera; tatohera. 
Garden, n. mara; tinaku; kari. 
Garfish, n. takeke; warizvari. 
Garland, n. pare; tujjare. 
Garment, n. kahu ; kakahu ; 


kaka ; whekawheka ; kotvheka- 

wheka ; wer-uioeru ; taiveru ; 

— old, n. taivlietatvhe ; karukarib. 
Gas, emit (as burning wood), v. i. 

purehii.a; ])ntorore. 
Gash, V. t. ahiwaliiiva. 
Gasp, V. i. kuha; kiha; tare; hua- 

Gate, n. tatau; keti. 
Gateway, n. waha ; kiitvaha ; 

Gather, v.t. whakamine; huihui; 

kohikohi. See collect. 
— fruit, (fee, v.t. whawhaki; ko- 

tvhaki ; tahora. 
— up, v.t. rau; kapuipui; rapoi. 
— in folds, V. t. pukorukoru. 
— in coils, v.t. whatimotimo. 
Gathered (as a crop), a. niaea. 
— together, a. humene; riqyeke; 

li.iapo ; hiato. 
Gauge (foi" netting), n. karau; 

Gay, a. toingo. 

Gaze, v. i. matakitaki; tirotiro. 
Genealogy, n. katvai; kawei; ko- 

rero ta/m; whakaj)apa. 
Generation, n. whakajmpm'anc/a ; 

7vh akatu'puranga. 
Generous, a. olia; atawhai; ta- 

Gentle, a. mahil; marie; marire; 

Gentleman, n. rangatira. 
Gentlewoman, n. wahine ranga- 
Gently, ad. ata. 
Genuine, a. tujni. 
Gesticulate, v. i. hukari. 
Ghost, n. tvaii'ua ; kehtia; turehu. 
Giddy, be, v. i. amai; amiondo ; 

aiiiiii ; palioahoa ; aroliirohi ; 
Gift, n. mea homai noa ; mea 

lioatn noa; liakari. 
Gig, n. KiKi. 

268 Go 

Gills (of a fish), n. pilia; puha; 

Gimlet, n. wiri. 
Gird, v.t. wliitiki; rapaki; tatua; 

tohapniru ; u'hawhe. 
Girdle, n. whitiki; tatua; pongi; 

rurn.ku; itau; maro; niaroko- 

pua ; paki ; rapaki ; patai ; 

pihepihe; tikitiki. 
Girl, n. kotiro; hengalienga; ko- 

haia; kohine. 
— address to a, e k.o; e hika; e 

Give, v.t. homai; hoatu; ivliaka- 

— up, v.t. tiiku. 
Give way, int. iana; tana. 
Glad, a. hari; koa; maha. 
Glare, v. i, kanapa; uira. See 

Glass, n. KARAHi; spyglass, koata. 
Glean, v.t. hainu; j^f^ko; ti])ako- 

]iako; patoke; 2)uhua. 
Gleanings (of kumara), n. wai-rau. 
Glide, V. i. tere; kotiti; patete; 

ronaki; titipi. 
Glimmer, v.i. katore; kaioretore. 
Glisten, v.i. kanapa; uira; ha- 

Itana; tvheriko. 
Glitter, v.i. wheriko. 
Gloomy, a. poururu; pouritiri; 

matapouri; hakerekere; titvha- 

tiivJia; pahi. 
Glory, V. i. tvhakahihi ; whaka- 

piita. See tooast. 
Glory, n. kororia. 
Glow, v.i. hana; puhana; mata- 

Jianaliana ; nini ; ninia ; po- 

nini; ura; mura; makuraktira ; 

hinatore; tiotutiipo. 
Glow-worm, n. puratoke. 
Gltltton, n. kaihoro. 
Gnash, v.i. tetea. 
Gnat, n. ivaeroa; naenae; naeroa. 
Gnaw, v.t. ngau; ngungii; u. 
Go, V. haere; ngawi; tiki; whana, 





Go round about, v. t. nmiki ; 

am ifiu ; nirli hnrli io ; taiawhio ; 

tmrli io ; ii miki ; haivhe. 
— in search of, v.t. ivhakataki. 
— to and fro, v. i. kopikopiko. 
— one Tby one, v.i. kotiri. 
— side"ways, v.i. whakakoko. 
— on one side, v. i. tapnnihi ; 

Go on ! hoatu; tena. 
Goad, n. rvliakaongaonga. 

Goat, n. KUATi; NANENANE. 

Go-between, n. takaivaenga. 

Goblin, n. tupua; kehata. 

God, n. atua. 

Gold, n. KOURA. 

Gone, be, v.i. riro; toke. 

— be all, v.i. pau; jwto; jjeke; 

rupeke; tnpeke; taweke. 
— by, be, v.i. hapa; hori; p>a- 

hiire; taha. 
— for good, be, v. i. oti atu. 
Good, a. jxd; ataahua. See well. 
Goods, n. taonga; hanga; rawa; 

ngerengere ; taputapii. 
Goose, n. kviei. 
Gooseberry, n. kuihipere. 
Gorge, n. apiti; kapifi. 
Gorge, v.t. apu. 
Gospel, n. rongo pai. 
Gossip, 11. tutara. 
Gotten, be, v.i. riro. 
Gourd, n. hue; we7iewene. 
Govern, v. t. whakahaere tikanga. 
Gown, n. KAONE. 
Grace, n. aroha noa. 
Graft, V. t. hono. 
Grain, n. kdkano; pata. 
— (in timber), kdkano. 
Grandchild, n. mokojnina. 
Grandfather, n. tupuna; tipu^ia. 
Grape, n. karepe. 
Grapnel, n. karait. 
Grasping, a. huirapa ; apo ; 

whab ; ihup}uku. 
Grass, n. tarutaru; jmtiii; ka- 


Grasshopper, n. matvhiiitvhiti ; 

koirhitiirhiti ; koeke ; pakati- 

Grate roughly, v. i. kuka ; pa- 

— into pulp, &c., v.t. roroi. 
Gratified, a. mdha. 
Gratuitously, ad. noa. 
Grave, n. ])oka; rtta; marua. 
— fence round a, n. ur%ipa. 
Gravel, n. kirikiri. 
Gravy, n. ivairanu; wairaraua. 
Grayling, n. upokororo. 
Graze, (touch lightly), v.t. holioni; 

koiiihi; wani; miri; tahitahi. 
Grease, n. himt. 
Great, a. iiiii; rahi; whakahara; 

tetei'e; niokoraJn; metararahi; 

kaita. — How great! atae! e tia / 
Greedy, a. kaihoro ; kaiponu ; 

piikukai; taiapo; taiiajw. 
Green, a. kakariki ; matomato ; 

— (unripe), mata; kaimata; ota; 

kaiota; wliakarae; torotika. 
— dark, a. korito. 
Greens, n. puiDlia; poke. 
Greenstone, n. pounamu. 
Greet, v.t. tangi. 
Grey hairs, n. hina. 
Grieved, be, v.i. pouri. 
Grin, v.i. p)ukana; pakiri; tama- 

tama; hoho; ngangalm ; tdpahi; 

Grind (in a mill), v.t. huri. 
— (on a stone), oro. 
Grindstone, n. hoanga. 
Gritty, a. mangeiigenge ; mangu- 

Groan, v. i. aue ; auoere ; ngu- 

Groove, n. awaaiva. 
Grooved, a. tawaka. 
Grope, v.i. harau; whawha haere. 
Grove, n. motu; uru; tirmpiiia. 
Ground, n. ivhenua; oneone. 
— (of a quarrel), n. ^^o^ja; rawa. 




Gro'W, V. i, tu2)u ; kahu ; jpiAi ; 

rea; pa7'iri; turuki; oi ; wha- 

natu; wha')iake. 
—along the ground, v. i. toropa. 
Growth, fresh (of shrubs, &c.), 

n. hurujxc; hurupi; tarupi. 
Growl, V. i. ngunguru; ngengere. 
GruTb, n. iunga ; fepe ; huhu ; 

moeone ; toroiigu. 
Grudge, v. t. hakere; manawapa. 
Gruff, a. tanguru. 
Grumtole, v. i. amaamu ; haku ; 

tapitapi; koivhetezvhete ; wliaka- 

ngiotungutu; liameme; kotete. 
Grunt, V. i. ngengeri; ngongoro ; 

ngunguru; Ilotu; tuinu. 
Guard, v. t. tiaki. 

Guest, n. mamihiri: nanmai. 

Guide, V. t. arahi; arataki. 

Gull, n. karoro. 

Gulp, v.t. horo. 

Gum, n. pia; kapia; kauri; ware. 

Gums, n. tako; pae. 

Gun, n. ;;?<.. 

Gunpowder, n. paura. 

Gunwale, n. nirm; pakura. 

Gurgle, v.i. kokb. 

Gurnard, n. kumiikumti. 

Gush, v.i. hirere; kapukapu. 

Gusset, n. hoi. 

Gust, n. ropu; apu; parajYi. 

Gut, n. whekan. 

Gutter, n. korere. 


Ha! int. ha! 

Habit, n. ritenga. 

Hack, v.t. tapahi. 

Hades, n. tepo; te reinga. 

Hail, v.t. karanga. 

Hail, n. nganga; ivliatu; huka- 

Hair, n. hurulhuru ; makawe ; 

inaMmga ; whnkaldpa. 
Hair (a single), n. kaka; weu; uru. 
Half, n. iixwHE. 
— full, a. hangere ; hemanga ; 

— grown, a. pipi. 
— cooked, a. roiroi. 
Hallow, v.t. whakatapu 
Halo, n. pukoi'o; amaia; awheo. 
Halt, v.i. tu. 
— suddenly, v.i. tumu. 
Hammer, n. ta; ham a. 
Hand, n. ringaringa. 
Handful, n. aohanga ; kapunga; 

Handfuls, take up by, v.t. ao; 

Handkerchief, n. aikiha. 

Handle, n. puritanga; tan; tati- 

kawe ; kaive ; katvai ; kiwei ; 

— (of an axe, ifec), kakau. 
Handle, v.t. nanao; rahurahu; 

rarau ; tvhawha. 
— gently, v. t. rvhakahangahanga. 
— mischievously, v.t. makitau- 

nu; raukeke. 
Handsome, a. ataahua. 
Handspike, n. hua. 
Hang, V. i. tairi ; iri ; tarewa ; 

taraiva ; tare ; noi ; whata ; 

Hang, v.t. ivhakairi, &c. ; tiari. 
— dow^n, V. i. werewere ; tawere- 

were; rere; taepa; tiejm. 
— (as the lip), hauwere. 
— in folds, v.i. hangorimgoru. 
— back, v.i. taatvhitaawhi. 
Hanging by the skin, a. tatvari. 
Happen, v. i. hipono ; pono ; 

Happy, a. hari; koa. 
Harangue, v.t. whaikorero. 
Hard, a. maro ; maro hitarari ,' 




tumaro ; 'pamaro ; papnmaro ; 

papafau; pakeke; pakari; ioio ; 

— ground, n. papatzipu. 
Hard - working, a. mamahi ; 

Harm, n. kino. 
Harp, n. iiAAPA. 

Harrow, n. rakaraka; rakuraku. 
Harsh, a. lata; tuanui. 
Harvest, n. hauhakenga ; koti- 

ti<)(i ; nyaliuru. 
Hasten, v. i. hohoro; ahiki. 
Hasten, v.t. zvhakahohoro. 
Hasten! eahua/ 
Hasty, a. hohoro; whawhai; po- 

raiu/i; naho. 
Hat, n. potae. 
Hatched, be, v. i. pao. 
Hatchet, n. patiti; 2J<^nekeneke. 
Hate, V. t. kino ; whakakhw ; 

niauahara; matakeke; j)'**'- 
Hateful, a. kino; whakarihariha ; 

tvhakarikarika ; weriweri. 
Have, V. generally expressed by 

tlie possessive pronoun, as: He 

luis a book ; Jle ])i(,kapuka tana. 
Haughty, a. ivhakahihi ; whaka- 

pehajjeha ; ivhakakake. 
Haul, v.t. to; kukurae. 
Hawk, n. kahxi; kareo,rea; ka- 

eaea; kaiaia; kauaua. 
Haze, n. kohu; rehu. 
— (from smoke), n. kokouri. 
He, pron. ia. 
Head, n. tipoko; matenga; maliu- 

oiga ; karti; uru ; nuikara; ma- 

ruaia; karaua; ngoto; pane; 

pareho; parihirihi ; whakahipa; 

angaanga; tahurihnri. 
— back of, hemihemi; kohamo; 

kopako ; niurikokai. 
— (of a canoe, cfec), n. ihu. 
— (of a nail), n. p)6m. 
— (of a spear), n. tete. 
— (of a tree), n. kauru; kounc ; 

kamata; haramata. 

Head (of a river or valley), n. hiku- 

awa; hikutau; hikuwai; huki- 

nga ; kohuhutanga. 
Headache, n. anini ; kotiuru ; 

ngaruru ; ngahoahoa ; pahoa- 

Headland, n. rae; kurae; tumu; 

iiwre; kumore; matamata; ma- 

takurae; kuraenga ; torouka. 
Headlong, a. patiko; torere; tu- 

Headstrong, a. maro; uaua. 
Heal, v.t. lohakaora ; whakamahu. 
Healed, be, v. i. mahu; ora. 
Health, n. oranga; ora. 
Heap, n. puranga; pu; wltakapu; 

haupu ; kauika;ahu; ahurewa ; 

tudhu; kawa; 2^<ihanga; j^;7<.9-a- 

whetu ; put\h ; taJma ; taka ; 

wharona; mdta; tiki. 
— lie in a, v. i. puranga; piitu; 

jniJw^ngaiti ; kaike; 2>ukai. 
— lay in a, \.t. jnoranga; koputu- 

putu; whakapiUangaiti ; pukai; 

tajnii ; tarahono; whakamoa; 

ajiuapu; aiohe; hanpu; ivhaka- 

jnUu; ivhaka'pu; tap)ukepuke. 
— up, V. t. ahuahu; whakaahu; 

Hear, v. i. rongo. 
— indistinctly, v.i. hakiri; ma- 

heahea; hirearea. 
Hearken, v.t. whakarongo. 
Heart, n. nianawa ; ngakau ; 

hiuengaro; viauri; mano. 
— (of a plant), n. rito ; korito. 
— (of a tree), n. tUio; tarauho; iho ; 

taiho ; taikura ; taikdkd ; ka- 

hiwi; tahiwi; tumoremore. 
— lose, v.i. tarure. 
Heartburn, n. p)ohongawha. 
Hearty, a. ngahau; ngakaunui. 
Heat, n. tvera; pawera; pukdkd; 

Heat, v.t. tahu; tarahu. 
Heated, a. tvera; kaka; rereltu. 
Heave, v.i. hotu. 




Heaven, n. rangi. 

Heavy, a. taimaha ; tattmaha ; 

toimaha; rorotu. 
— (of rain), a. makerewhatu. 
Heedless, a. hautaruru. 
Heel, n. rekereke ; ngaengae. 
Height, n. ikeike; tiketike; teitei. 
Held lay the point, a. tarakini; 

Hell, n. reinga. 
Helm, n. urungi; urunga. 
Help, V. t. mvhina; piki turanga. 
Hem, lower, n. remu; kuremu. 
— , upper, n. kurupahi; ua. 
Hen, n. heihei; ^;iA;ao^'«o; tikao- 

Hence, ad. atu. 
Henceforth, ad. ake ake ake; 

akenei; amiia; amuriakenei. 
Her, pron. per. ia. 
—, pron. poss. tana; tona; ana; 

Herb, n. otaota. 
Herd, n. kahui; rahui; rangai; 

Here, ad. nei; na; tenei; tena; 

anei; ana; ina; kei konei; i 

konei; kei kona; &c. 
Hereafter, ad. a mua; a muri; 

a ko ake nei; anamata; houa- 

nga; mo a mua; kei a mua. 
Hereby, ad. ma konei. 
Hermit crab, n. kaunga. 
Herring, n. aua. 
Hers, pron. poss. nana; notta. 
Hesitate, v. i. ruarua; j)ohehe; 

pohewa; jwkaku; whakaanga- 

anga; moteatea; rikarika. 
— , (in speaking), v.i. ha; paremo. 
Hew, V. t. hahau. 
Hiccough, n. tokohana; toko- 

mauri ; tokopuhake. 
Hidden, a. ngaro. 
Hide, V. t. huna; kuhu; whaka- 

ngaro ; whakaj)eke. 
— oneself, v.i. piri; peke; zvhaka- 


Hide, n. hiako; kiri. 

High, a. ikeike; tiketike; titike; 

teitei ; noi ; retva ; maiengi ; 

motengi; whakarera; morunga; 

tikokekoke; paratu. 
— (of the tide), ki; tutuki; rena- 

rena; pa; whakapiaru. 
— (in rank), 7iui; rahi; metara- 

Hill, n. puke; to7'oj)uke; taipu. 
Hillock, n. pukepuke ; tapuke ; 

Hillocks, throw^ up into, v.t. 

tuahu; tukari. 
Hilly, a. 2^uke2)uke. 
Him, pron. ia. 
Hinder, v.i. whakaware; tvhaka- 

wheru; tvliakakopekapeka ; tuha- 

kakoroiroi ; whakararuraru. 
Hindered, a. raruraru; wheru. 
Hinge, n. imin. 
Hint, v.t. whakamohiohio. 
Hip-bone, n. himu; humu. 
His, pi"on. tana; tona; ana; ana; 

nana; nona. 
Hiss, v.i. hi; huhii. 
Hit, be, v.i. pa; tu; tvhara. 
Hither, ad. mai. 
Hitherto, ad. mohoa noa 7iei ; 

moroki noa nei; taea noatia 

tenei wa. 
Ho ! int. ho/ 
Hoard, v.t. rongoa; tohu; pena- 

Hoarfrost, n. huka; haupapa ; 

Hoarse, a. ivhango. 
Hoe, n. no; karaoke. 
Hoist, v.t. huhuti. 
Hold, v.t. jntpuri; pupuru; ra- 

— (in the arms), v.t. okooko. 
— up to view, V. t. ivhakaari ; 

— of, take, V. t. whawha. 
Hold! int. iaua! taua! 
Hold (of a ship), n. riu. 


Hole, n. poka; pnta; kowh(u> ; 

koropiUa; ma; kvriut ; ]>ariui ; 

ich<ik(iNinn.; oru; pokere ; waro. 

I-Ioles, full of, a. jiutapufa; koro- 

piUnj-iutu ; ivataicdta; pnivatn- 

Huita; jmataata; pokarakara. 
Hollow, a. )H)korn(( ; Iiapua,- pn- 

koiipa, ; ivliari')noa. 
— (of hand), n. kapu ; jxiro. 
Hollow out, V. t. i<-]i(ik((pokorua; 

Holy, a. iapa. 
Home, n. kahiya. 
Honey, n. mtNi ; mikhk. 
Honour, u. iiusuitE. 
Honour, v. t. whakaiiuxouf.. 
Hoof, 11. i)iaikuki(,. 
Hook, u. inatau; huka. 
Hoop, 11. ivhiii; korofvhiti ; )iw- 

u'liiti; tarm(}}iiti ; jnrori. 
Hop, V. i. liiteki; hitoko. 
Hope, V. i. fAimanako. 
Horizon, n. ;>(7e; tiapne; paeicai; 

Horn, 11. UAvsA. 
Horse, n. lunuo. 
Hospitable, a. tawhiti. 
Host, n. iDdvo; tini. 
Hostile, a farmveti. 
— expedition, n. tana. 
Hostilities, n. pakamja; whai- 

Hot, :i. livrn; pawera; pakakhta- 

kina; kakd; pokakd; pukdkd; 

— (to taste), a. puhaJimia. 
Hover, v. i. ivhakatojm. 

273 If 

House, 11. whara; ivharcjiuni ; ko- 

— store, 11. whararauyi ; jxttahi. 

How, ;k1. pcJien; pp,a. 

How many, int. eaif erawe! 

— , a. Ilia. 

Howl, V. i. ta.'fu/i; ngawi. 

Hug, V. t. tauapo. 

Hum, v.i. iiuijiii; tii'ituuian ; uja- 

Humble, v. t. ivhakaiti. 
Humped, a. hake; nuke; ngroLU. 
Hundred, a. rau. 
Hundred-weight, n. iiaxarktic. 
Hunger, n. liiakai: heniokai. 
Hvmgry, a. liiakai; liemokai; hi- 

koko; pikoko; jtorepore. 
Hunt, v.t. ivhaiwhai ; whakan'jau. 
— up, V. t. tnivliiu. 
Hurricane, n. titjmln; marauijai. 
Hurry, v. t. ToJiakatatutaiu. 
Hurry, in a, a. purangi; wha- 

ivhai; takare; kaika; potatu; 

torere; puaritarita; poaritarita ; 

j)onana; taruke; kaihoro; tata- 

Hurry, do in a, v. t. aii,raki: 

Hurt, v.t. ngau; ivhakamaniae. 
Hurt, n. tunga. 
Husband, n. tmie; tahu. 
Hush! int. kati; turitiori; mania- 

nia ; wliakarotigoa; hoilioi. 
Husk, n. kopaki. 
Hustle, v.t. atute. 
Hut, n. lohare. 
Hymn, n. waiata; himene. 

I, pr'on. ahau; mi; await; awa- 

Ice, n. haiipapa ; hauhnnga; hiika; 

hihknpapa; tio. 
Idiot, n. poi'augl; haiiraiuji; hea- 


Idle, a. mangere; kaweka. See 

Idol, 11. ivhakapakoko. 
Ignorant, a. ware; kuware. 
If, coiij. me; meJu:tnea ; pond; 

kapatau; ki; ki te mea; apaha. 

Ill 274 

111, M. mate. See sick. 
Ill-supplied, a, tiihuroa. 
Illtreat, v. t. tukino ; kuJruru ; 

Illustrious, a. hau; inyoa iiui. 
^mage, n. ahua;" loluikapakoko; 

— reflected, ata. 
Imitate, v. t. wliai ; ivhakatau ; 

Immediately, ad. aianei tonu ; 

ita Uni ; iiianiata; mea ake. 
Im.m.ature (of fruit), a. in}>l; ko- 

Im.patient, a. porauyi; tvhawhai; 

taruke ; rika; kaika; putatutatu; 

Impel, A', t. ueue. 
Im.petuous, a. taikaha ; totoa. 
Im.portant, make, v.t. niii-amira. 
Im.portunate, h. tene; (ohe; kd- 

kari; mrciteiie; tunwueweiie. 
Imposed upon, be, v.i. Idaiuja- 

Im.prison, v.t. whtikatina. 
Imiprove, v. i. pai haere. 
In, prep, i; kei; i roto i; kei rufo 

i; i ro ; kei ro. 
In comparison of, prep. i. 
Inaccessible, a. tapu. 
Inactive, a. tautaua; tupuhi. 
Inarticulate, a. whanyn. 
Inasmuch as, conj. ina lioki. 
Inattentive, a. ntuhihkai. 
Incantation, n. karakia. 
Inch, n. INI HI. 
Incite, V. t. whakahauhmi ; aki- 

aki ; 7vhakaj)ataritari ; whnka- 

tari; tu?vhana; kojimia; ueue. 
Inclement, a. katopo; makato. 
Inclination, n. aro; aroimii; p<d. 
Incompatible, a. mataku. 
Incomplete (as a nuinl>ei-), a. ta- 

repa ; tdnrauyi. 
Increase, v. i. oIm ; uui haerc ; 

Indeed, ad. hoki; koa; rapea. 


Indefinite, a. tanrauyi ; ruka 

Indentation, u. kokorutaiuia ; ko- 

koli II till K/a ; taralimtya. 
Indistinct (of sound), a. liirearea; 

liakiri ; iiialieaJiea. 
— (of isiiflit), reliurelru. 
Indolent, a. nurkukn. 
Induce, v.t. kaive; pu/ni; irhaka- 

Industrious, ;i. inauKihi ; iiliu 

ivheiiua; aJtiiii/iti. 
Infant, n. pofiki; kuhnayaliMiiya. 
Infest, V. t. iniii. 
Inflamed, a. kardivardica ; piilia- 

— (of eyes), a. tureture. 
Influence, n. maiui. 
Influenza, u. hvinwa ; tarata- 

nli if I ; reidiai-eivlia. 
Inform, v. t. ivhakaroityo. (who bears the news of 

tlie approach of a war-party), u. 

Inhabit, v. t. nolio. 
Injure, v.t. fukiuo ; tintuhuru- 

Injury, ii. kino; tiikinotanya. 
Ink, n. inanyumauyu; mavwiiyu. 
Inland places, n. uta: ruto. 
Inner man, n. tanmrofo. 
Inner part, n. roto: vuino. 
Innumerable, a. tlni wliaiuiu ; 

Inqiiire, v. i. ici; patai; ichakd- 

jKifni; pakiki. 
Insane, a. puranyi; liaurauyi. 
Insect, n. nynrara. 
Insert, v. kuliu; kokoino ; wliaka 

itrii. ; irkakanolio. 
Inside, the, n. roto. 
Insipid, a. hnkore; icidinehn. 
Insolent, a. toroihi. 
Inspect, v.t. iiiafaki. 
Instead of, prep. mo. 
Instigate, v.t. u-liokoklkl ; irJioka- 





Instruct, v.t. <(k(): irhaknnko. 
Instrument, wind, n. im. 
Insubordinate, a. tutu; hniU'nln. 
Insult, v.t. afrfi'; polume. 
Intelligent, a. tnolno. 
Intend, v. i. ihpm ; ivliiikakoro ; 

Intense (a.s darkness), a. kahiti. 
Intent, a. ou/mia. 
Intercede, v. i. inoi : ivaicdo. 
Intercept, v.t. h>koti; hnv.kofi ; 

Interior (of country), n. via ; 

tiinirltrnna ; mrmoiv/iewnn. 
Interlace, v.t. kofni. 
Intermission, n. parivatangn. 
Intermix, \. t. n-Jiakaitni. See 

Interpret, v. t. n-]i<ikmnaori. 
Interrupt, v.t. aruarii,. 
Interrupted, a. ivhtti. 
Interstices, having, a. jmvata- 

■imita ; 'jiHKiiilaivdtn ; porara ; 

Intert"wine, v.t, rautciri. 
Interval, ii. takiiva; iva; tiriwa. 
Intervals, at, a. aptda ; kau- 

i eaten ; tamutumutu. 

I Intestines, ii. whekau; ngakaii,; 

Intimate, a. taunga. 
Into, prep, ki; ki 7-oto ki; ki ro. 
Intoxicated, a. kaka; rove; Jmu- 

Invade, v. t. whakaeke. 
Invent, v.t. tene; tito; poka. 
Inverted, a. koaro; ^rhiti-ra-ni- 

Investigate, v.t. ivhakawa. 
Irascitole, a. arita. 
Iron, n. rino; maitai; haeaxa. 
Irregular, a. ivhakahipahipa ; ko- 

h ikoJiiko. 
Irresistible, a. motohe. 
Irresolute, a. knhui-angi ; kewha. 
Irritated, a. knrangirangi. 
Irritating, a. makatikati. 
Island, u. raotu; malieno. 
Issue, running, n. paheke. 
It, proa. ia. 
Itch, n. Jaikihaki; 'iiiahaki; ?vai- 

Jiaki/iaki ; harehare; tarakura. 
Itch, V. i. rekareka; ngaoko ; ma- 

Its, pron. tana; tona; ana; ona. 

Jabber, v. i. hautetp ; kovprorpvo. 

Jaded, a. ngenge. 

Jagged, a. 'tnakini. 

Jail, n. ivliare lierelipve. 

Jamb, 11. tutarii:; ivltakaiimi. 

January, n. Uanvichk. 

Jar, 11. iiAKA. 

Jarred, be, v.i. mania; tioro ; 

Jaw, n. ka.uae. 
Jealous, a. tupato; line; tariiJiap; 

tiiahae; pnka. 
Jeer, v.t. taivai; tnnnu ; vhaka- 

hi; paiai; tvliakarawai. 
Jellyfish, n. tpqwtepp. 

Jerk, V. t. takiri; rufu; tarutii ; 

korowhiti; nape; hitvi. 
Jest, n. tinilia.nga ; hangarau ; 

hangareka; raui'eka; raivehoi; 

Jewel, n. rei. 
Jewsharp, n. roria. 
Jib, 11. ngongohau. 
Jingle, v.i. tatangi. 
Jog, v.t. rntu. 
Join, V. apiti; liuihni; hono; tu- 

hono; hanmi; karapiti; taparu; 

— battle, V. i. pipiri. 
— oneself to, v. i. uru. 




Join (parts of a net), tatai • tui ; 

Joint, n. pona. 
Joist, n. kunipae. 
Joke, n. hanf/araii, ; fAnihanga. 

See jest. 
Jolt, V. t. rntunUn,. 
Jostle, v.t. nf/itte; tntMute. 
— one another, v.t. tantulMute. 
Journey, n. haern. 
Joy, u. hari; koa. 
Judge, v.t. tvJuikarite ivhakawa. 
Judge, n. kai-ivhakarite whaka- 

iva; kai-whakawa ; tiati. 

Jug, n. IIAKA. 

Juice, n. -x-ai; tae. 

July, n. IIuRAE. 

Jump, V. i. pake.; tupeke ; maiNii/i; 

motohiti; inokotvhiti; vinhiUa; 

— (out of tlie water), aioha; pn- 

nau ; ivhakapuJiora. 
Just, a. tika. 
Just, ad. kafahi. 
— after, ad. i m-x.ri iho; no intiri 

— before, ad. i mua ake; no imia 


Keel, n. takere; tangere. 

Keen, a. pukatokafo. 

Keep, V. t. pnpnri; pnpnrto; ti- 

— close, V. i. pirihongo. 
— off, v.t. titoko. 
Keepsake, n. aha; maudtunga. 

Kettle, n. TIKKRA. 

Kick, v.t. ivliana. 

Kidney, n. ivhatukichu ; irliatu- 

ma tiaiva ; tak ihi. 
Kill, v.t. ^;a<it; whakamate; tuki- 

Killed, be, v.i. maru. 
Kind, a. atawhai; popore; hqwre; 

iiiaiiatuapopore ; ngmvari. 
Kind, n. hi. 
— , of what, a. pehea. 
— , of that, a. pena ; pera. 
— , of this, a. peuei. 
Kindle, v.t. tahn; ton; tvhaknn. 
- — (a fire by rubbing sticks), liika. 
Kindred, u. 'ivli.awvuaga ; uri ; 

King, n. kin(;i. 
Kingdom, n. raugafiratauga ; 


Kingfisher, n. kotnrr. 

Kiss, v.t. Kiuj. 

Kitchen, n. knuta: pnrchi: ivha- 

reumn, ; lic.renxin ; kamnri ; 

Kite (toy;, n. manu. 
Knead, v.t. pokepokp.; pnpn. 
Knee, n. turi. 

Knees, iveak in the, a. turipu. 
Knee-joint, n. turipotia. 
Kneel, v.i. koropiko; tntari; in- 

turto; ngaivdki. 
Knife, n. viaripi; oka; mikarn ; 

kota; NAiifl. 
Knob, n. puku. 
Knock, v.i. or t. pafukifuki; pn- 

kuru; pakiuku ; ivlmkapaknku ; 

pakaku : patofo. 
— to pieces, v.t. tukituki. 
Knot, n. iiionn; pona. 
Know, v.t. matau; niohio; hua; 

kite. I know not; ana; anakc. 
Knowing, a. (Uamai ; anwko ; 

Knowledge, n. ntdtauranga; mo- 

Knuckle, n. pona, 




Laborious, a. Jilhiri. 
Labour ((oil), n. nana. 
Labour, be in, v. i. whakatnamaf.. 
Lace, \.t. titi; kotui; 
Laden deeply, be, v. i. parn- 

paru ; toparn.jMm. 
Ladder, u. aratohata; aroJiata. 
Ladle, v. t. koko ; tikoko. 
Lady, n. fvahine rangatira. 
Lag, V. i. 7ohakatorekereke ; whaka- 

Laid to one's charge, be, v. i. 

Lake, n. roto; vioana. 
Lamb, n. rkmk. 
Lame, a. kopa ; n(/ongenrin7igp. ; 

turingo)igen.gnnge ; kopiri ; hana; 

Lament, v. i. aite; mihi; iangi; 

Lamp, n. rama. 
Lamprey, u. j)iharaH; korokoro; 

Lance, n. matin ; kokiri ; tao. 

8ee spear. 
Land, n. ivJientia; uta. 
Land, v. i. u; eke; mnliiifa. 
— bring to, v. t. whakan. 
Landing-place, n. -anga. 
Landmark, n. tio. 
Landslip, n. lioro. 
Land-wind, ii. taiohenna ; jmaivn- 

lu/a : 'p'l.raki. 
Language, ii. reo. 
Languid, a. ngoikore ; vvikore; 

Jiaicmararu : fonpiore. 
Languish, v. i. tarure. 
Lank, a. nu(,hora. 
Lard, n. hinu poaka. 
Large, a. md; raid; matarahi; 

korahi; tetere; kaita; riiarangi; 

katete ; ritiaao ; fangiUiiiigutii, ; 


Large, very, a. wfiakahara/iara. 

Lash, n. k((re. 

Lash, V. t. icJtia. 

— V. t. Jiohon; liotiki ; aiihaha. 

►See bind. 
Lashing, n. knha; aiikalia. 
— of a fish-hook, n. tankaea. 
Last, a. to iihiirl. 
Last night, inapo; noiiapo. 
Last year, tera tau ; houanga ; 

Last, at, ad. i mitri rawa. 
Lasting, a. taketake; ukaraka. 
Latch, 11, wJuikarawa. 
Late, a. toinnri; akiito; auto; tu- 

— in the day, be, v. i. po. 
Lately, ad. ina noa nei; inaia- 

tafaiiei; nonaiatata7iei ; inaku- 

ara; noaakuara; inake. 
Lath, n. kaho. 
Lather, n. liuka. 
Laugh, V. i. kata; ngingio; Jiohe- 

Laugh, cause to, v. t. whaka- 

Launch, v. t. kokiri; to ; unki. 
Launched, be, v.i. niamt; rewa. 
Lava, n. rangitoto. 
La'W, n. ture. 
Lawful, a. tika. 
Lawyer, n. roia. 
Lay, V. t. whnkatakoto ; 7vniho ; 

panga ; tapae. 
— across, v. t. whaknpae. 
—aside, v t. haiimi; puhunga. 
— by, V. t. tolm. 
— hold of, V. t. mau; arau; ra- 

rait ; rarahu; tapiki. 
■ — one on another, v. t. whaka- 

papa ; tnpatnpatu. 
— out (a corpse), V. t. irhakaata- 





Layer, n. /vhakapaparmu/n. 
Lazy, a. mangere ; pakihore ; rora ; 

iniikorokoro ; tumaeo; maJwngfi ; 

nineko; maikoiko; makoko; hi- 

rnjKi; tihitiJii. 
Lead, n. mata. 
Lead, v. t. araJd ; ^vliakdtaki ; 

Leader, n. kai-arahi. 
Leaf, n. rmi; pakawha; tairltera; 

pakere; tnha. 
— (of a book), n. wharangi 
Leak, v. i. tuturit; mama; ko- 

■Diama; ]>api. 
Leak, trifling, n. a.urnkowhao. 
— dangerous, n. takerehaia. 
Lean, v. i. hinga; titalia; tira.ha; 

tvhanau; taiuru; honga; tapae; 

— against, ivhakatcJdrinaki; tvJia- 

— one on another, v. i. fa-npiihi- 

— forward, v.i. taretare; tvhaka- 

tafarp, ; ivluikata^retare. 
Lean, a. hauaitu; tupuJii; pa- 

koko ; haioarea ; hawareware ; 

hiroki; kohoi; panganga; tuoi; 

iokoroa; angoa; tarainore; ngo- 

Leap, v.i. peke; 

maliiti ; paiiau: 

Leap, n. rniiga. 
Learn, v. t. ako. 
Learner, n. akovga. 
Lease, n. niun. 
Least, a. iti ratva, 

Leave, v. t. -icliakarere. 
— off, V. t. 'tvJiakanwtit. 
Leave, take, v. t. poroporoaki. 
Leech, n. ngata. 
Leek, n. nna. 
Left, be, v.i. malinc ; iraiJin; to- 

ri'ke. ; talLaj)a. 
— off, be, v.i. imifn. 

tupeke ; rere ; 
whakapuhoru ; 


Left-handed, a. maui. 

Leg, n. ioaewae ; tatahau. 

Legend, n. kari7vhan; puraknti. 

Leisure, n. ateatanga. 

— at, a. af.ea; ?vatea; (akaknv.. 

Leisurely, a. takohe ; 9ohakMa- 

Length, n. roa. 
— at, ad. a ; nawai a. 
Lengthen, v. t. ; pa- 

tf'fp ; katetp, ; liaumi. 
Leprosy, n. titwiiemi.a ; tigere- 

Less, a. iti ilio; noliinolil ilio; 

Lessen, v.t. harahara; ivhukaiti. 
Lest, conj. kpi. 
Let down, v.t. tuku; fvliakaheke ; 

— go, v.t. tJiku. 
— on lease, v.t. rkti. 
Letter, n. pukajmka. 
Level, a. tautika; papatairite. 
Level, v.t. taltoro. 
Lever, n. Ima. 
Liberal, a. ataichai; oha. 
Liberty, at, a. atea; ivatea. 
License, n. raihana. 
Lick, v.t. mitimiti. 
Lid, n. taiipoki; po]Mki. 
Lie, n. JioriJiori; paraii; tcka; 

Lie, v.i. takoto, jiae; rare; taeki. 
— across, v.i. rakaptiki'inki ; tara- 

jiiki; ripfka. 
— at anchor, v.i. tan,. 
— broadside, v. i. par ; kopap. ; 

— in a heap, v.i. tiki; pehi; ta- 

ika; tr/iakaika ; kaikr ; kanki; 

tawheta; pnkai; taijnia; irha- 

rona ; taneivJia; tavgita. 
— flat, V. i. papa; toro])apa: ta- 

— separate, v. i. tanke. 
— inw^ait, V. i. ivlianga; liaiipapa. 
■ — with, v.t. 1VOP ; ai. 

Life 279 

Life, 11. (>r(t. 

Lift, V. t. /ii'pai : lilk'i : irhakadrd ; 

jxtikciki:; ridkl; <iitaa. 
— (a crop), V. t. /lauhake. 
Lifted up, a. inorumja. 
Ligament, a. luiua. 
Light (ill weight), a. mama. 
Lig'ht, a. ■marama; taialtoaJio; 

Light, 11. (<(> ; iiutrama; ahu. 
— (lamp), rama ; raiti. 
Light, v.t. rama; turama; loliaka- 

maraina ; toroharohe. 
— (a tire), tahu. 
Ligllt (as a bird), v. i. tan. 
Ligllten, v.t. wltakamama. 
Light-haired, a. ma.kekclni ; uru- 

Liglitning, n. iiira ; kutvka ; 

Inkii: kanapu. 
Lijie, \'. t. ahuareka ; luaiucko ; 

/(■(( ireka ; rnatareka. 
Like, a. rite; aliukaliuka; ari- 

— tllis, a. jxi'Utii. 
— that, a. 'pena ; pera. 
— whicli, a. peliea. 
— (as it were), ad. nic. 
— manner, in, ad. waUiuki. 
Likely, be, v. i. tinya. 
Liken, x.t. uihakarite. 
Likeness, n. alma; kaJata; rite- 

i!(/a; ana. 
Likewise, ad. Jioki; waUwki. 
Lime, n. kota. 
Limestone, n. nijako. 
Limp, v.i. totitoti. 
Line (string), n. alio'; itape; ripa. 
Line (row), n. kapa; rain A. 
Lineage, n. kaha; kauhou; ka- 

Linen, u. rinena. 
Linger, v.i. whakaroa. 
Lintel, n. karitpe; korupe. 
Lion, 11. RAioxA. 
Lip, 11. lu/afa. 
Lips, put out the, v.i. tupere. 


Liquid, a. tereterc; kuti;retere. 
Liquid, n. tvai. 
Ijisten, v. t. ■ivhakaroiitjo. 
Listless, a. nyoikore ; itcikov'', ; 

tvaikauare ; tvaikorohuhu ; ko- 

nyelie; atiewa; toupiore; maero; 

tawhefa; anuhea; hauaitu; ko- 

Litter, n. aiao ; ivhaUuimu ; kau- 

amo; kauhoa. 
Little, a. iiohi'uohi; iti; paku. 

See small. 
Little while ago, ad. inakactra; 

iiU'Haknara; hovaiK/e. 
— while hence, hoaamje. 
Live, v.i. ora; nuhu. 
Liver, n. ate; ivhaneivhaue. 
Lizard, n. mokomoko ; iuatara; 

raatara; kakai'iki; papa,. 
Load, V t. uta; whakaeke ; puria. 
Load, 11. kawenga; pikau; pikau- 

'U'-ia,; a-alian<ja; peketua. 
Loadstone, n. taupo. 
Loam, n. onematua ; tuatara. 
Loathsome, a. ivhaka/rihariha ; 

whaka riki irika ; wei 'iweri ; tve ii- 

Lobe (of the ear), u. hui; take. 
Lobster, n. koura. 
Lock (of liair), n. makaive; rino- 

— front, n. tope. 
Locust, n. tatarakihi; kihlkihi ; 

ivhitiivliiti ; maivhitiivkiti. 
Lodge, V. i. nolio. 
Lofty, a. teitei; tiketike; ikeike. 
Loin, n. hope; tikiliope. 
Loiter, v. i. whakaroa ; ivhaka- 

nianawe : tarioi; karioi; mona- 

Loll, v.i. ivhakaivhirinaki. 
Lonely, a. mokemoke; mehameha ; 

omjeonge; aroaroa; tnorearea. 
Long, a. roa; liAtazvetawe ; tajiotu; 

kaweka; pouiiaho. 
— (of the .swell of the sea), a. 





Long (in time), a. huka; nahea; 

taro ; wliemi. 
Long after, v. t. waivata : ku- 

■wata ; hotu ; kottohi ; ohia ; 

)H iuamina ; okaka. 
Look, V. i. titiro; tirotiro; nana; 

Duitakitaki; kaeaea. 
— for, V. t. rajyu; rapa; kimi ; 

haha; auJiaha; Italian; tvhai. 
— sid.e"ways, v. i. ivhakakiwi; ti- 
tiro kotalia. 
— in one direction, v. i. arotahi. 
— (at image in a mirror), v. i. 

Looking-glass, n. tvhakaata. 
Loop, n. koru; koropewa; tau; 

tatikawe; taupo2Joia; kawei; ki- 

— (for feet in climbing), toeke. 
Looped, a. kopeti ; koromeke; j'O- 

Loose, be, v. i. korokoro; ham/oro; 

toAiyoroiiyoro ; hanyorunyoru ; 

tarure; titaka; kaewa; tanya- 

nya; tanyatanya; maunu; ko- 

tarm ; matara; tatara; tatere; 

tako; ta.koru. 
— (as earth), a. punyorunyoru. 
Loosen, v.t. rvhakakorokoro ; ta- 

kiri; ui. 
Lop, v.t. t02)e; knkoti. See cut. 
Lord, n. uriki; ranyatira. 
Lost, be, V. i. tiyaro ; matuJuo ; 

Lost property, n. paekura. 

Lot, n. ROTA. 

Loth, a. manawapa. 

Loud, a. nuti ; marama ; taityi 

Love, v.t. aroha; koinyo ; konohi; 

raanakaiiaka; moienibi; kuwata. 
— (1)6 in love with), v.t. hiahia. 
Love-song, n. waiata ijw. 
Loving, a. mateoha. 
Louse, n. kiUii. 
Lo"W, a. hakahaka; pajiaku; hau- 

raro ; taulukio. 
— (of tlie tide), a. timu ; makau; 

pakora; j)akoa; makoa; pakihi; 

— (socially), a. ware'; kuivare ; 

marahea; tutua; weweia. 
Lo"wer, ad. ki raro iho. 
Lo"wer end, n. kotore; reinu. 
Lowering, a. tukujni ; mokiuo- 

Lucid, a. marama. 
Lucky, a. waAmarie; momoho. 
Lug, v.t. liuhuti; tatohutihuti. 
Lukewarm, a. puweratvera. 
Lull, n. marino. See calm. 
Lump (of earth), n. pokuritkuru ; 

keretu; kur'o.peA; ]>eipei; kere- 

Lumps, in small, a. u-awata. 
Lumpy, a. kanokano ; pokuru- 

Lungs, n. pukajmka. 
Lurk for, v. t. taawltaiLya. 
Lying, a. hakirara. 


Mackerel, n. tawatawa; teive- 

Mad, a. hauranyi; poranyi; po- 

Madman, n. poranyi; hauranyi. 
Maggot, n. kutukutu ; iroiro; 

Magnify, v.t. whakanui; whaka- 


Magnitude, n. nui. 

Maimed, a. kero. 

Main body (of an army), n. ma- 
in a. 

Mainland, n. f.v(i?c/inuia. 

Maize, n. a-.iA(;.i; kopakipakl; pa- 


Major, n. meiha. 
Make, v. t. hanya; whaihanga. 
Make-believe, v. i. whakahmho. 
Male, a. tane ; tourawhi; toa. 
Malice, n. mauahara. 
Malicious, a. mauahara ; kawe 

riri ; whakangakau. 
Mallet, n. kuru; ta. 
Maltreat, v.t. rurerure; tukino; 

Man, n. tangata; tawhiti; tane. 

— old, n. kara; koro; koroheke; 
hakoro; koroua; karaua; jju- 

— "wild, n. waoko. 

— young, n. taitama ; taitama- 

Manage, v.t. whakahaere. 

Mange, n. waihakihaki. 

Mangrove, n. manaiva. 

Manifest, a. marama. 

Manner, n. ritenga; tu; tikanga. 

Manure, n. wairakau. 

Many, a. tini; maha; tokomaha; 

nui; j}io; marea; wene; pater e; 

tipatere; makiri; ngerongero. 
Map, n. MAPI. 
Marauding band, n. whakaara; 

karokaro; tiora; torohe. 
March in close order, v.i. tuma- 

March, n. Maehe. 
Margin, n. tajm. 

— of cultivation, paenga. 
Mark, v.t. tohutohu; whaitohu. 

— (of a preserve or sacred spot), 
n. rahui. 

— on the skin at birth, n. ira. 
Marriage, n. tangohanga; marena- 


— give in, v.t., whakamoe. 
Married ■woman, n. maronui. 
Marrow, n. hinu wlieua; roro. 
Marry, v. t. moe ; maeena. 
Marshy, a. tapokopoko; repo. 
Marvel, v.i. miharo. See "won- 


281 Mellow 

Mashed, a. penupemi,; hupenu- 
penu; kohari; tararo; koparu; 

Mast, n. rewa; rakau; tira; tiratu. 

Master, n. rangatira. 

Mat, n. (of fine flax), kakahu; kai- 
taka ; kahutaniko ; pae2)aeroa. 

— (with thrums), koroivai; miri; 
puweru; korirangi ; konekeneke. 

— (rough), pake, tarahau; ta- 
tar a; ngeri; haronga; 2}okeka; 
pora ; whanake ; werotaringa. 
— (closely woven), kopuku; puku- 
puku; pukoro. — (dog's skin), 
mahiti; inawhiti; topuni ; puahi ; 
j)atutu; reko. — (to lie on), taka- 
2)au; tapau; wharariki; koaka; 
tienga ; tianga ; whara; porera. 

— (for cooked food), tapaki; 

Mate, n. hoa. 

Matured, a. ahuatia; pakari. 

Maul, n. ta; MOORO. 

May, n. Mei. 

Me, pron. ahau. 

Mealy, a. mahunga; mangaro; 

mohtmgahunga ; motuhanga. 
Mean (socially), a. tutua; ware; 

Meaning, n. tikanga. 
Measure, n. tatai; mehua. 
Measure (with extended arms) v.t. 

whang a ; whanganga ; wharite; 

whatau; tatai. 
Meat, n. kikokiko. 
Meddle, v. t. rahurahu; tango- 
tango; hurau; raweke. 
Mediator, n. takawaenga. 
Medicine, n. rongoa; wairakau. 
Meditate, v.i. whakaaro. 
Medium (of familiar spirit), waka. 
Meek, a. mahaki; waitnarie. 
Meet, v. t. tutaki ; whakahei ; 

— (as roads), putahi. 
Mellow, a. ngawari; ngohengohe ; 





Melon, n. kakariki ; omoomo ; 


Melt, V. i. retva. — v. t. whaka- 

rewa; tutu; kotutu; korotutu. 
Membrane -wliich covers the 

viscera, n. whiwhi. 
Memory, n. mahara. 
Menace, v.t. whakatuma; ranged. 
Mend, v.t. hanga; tapi; tapmui. 
Menses, n. take. 

Mention, v.t. korero. — repeat- 
edly, takariire. 
Mentioned before, a. taua ; 

Merchandise, n. hoko. 
Merciful, a. tohu. 
Merely, ad. noa; kau. 
Merged, a. hanumi. 
Meridian, on the, a. poujwu ; 

pouiumaro; tiakakahi. 
Merry, a. hari; koa. 
Mesh, n. kanakana; mata; take- 

kenga; p«^;a. 
Message, n. kupu; korero. 
Messenger, n. karere; kaikaiwaiti; 

Meteor, n. kotiri; matakokiri. 
Method, n. tikanyn. 
Middle, the, tvaenganui ; tvaenga- 

fni; waengarahi; wae^iga; poka- 

pu; turotowaenga ; turuawaenga; 

Midge, n. naonao. 
Midnight, n.waenganuipo ; turua- 

po ; turiiawejw ; tuaiikij^o ; rangi- 

welierua ; j)oweherua. 
Midst, the, n. roto. See middle. 
Migrate, v.i. heke. 
Mild, a. mahaki. 
'M.ilde'W, n. hekaheka ; ktcjm; 2)uru; 

Mile, n. maero. 
Milk, n. waiu; miraka. 
Milk, V. t. whakatete. 
Milky juice (of plants), n. tawau. 
Mill, 11. mira; huri. 
Mind, n. hinengaro. 

Mine, pron. taku; toku; tahaku; 

tohoku; naku; noku. 
Minister, n. minita. 
Miracle, n. merekara. 
Mirror, n. whakaata. 
Miscarriage, n. materoto; take; 

Mischievous, a. raukeke; rahu- 

Misery, n. mate; pouri. 
Misgive, v.i. manukanuka; ko- 

rapa; awangawanya ; rikarika. 
Mislead, v.t. whakahe;whakamuhu 
Misled, a. rarua. 
Miss, v.t. hemo; heke; jjcbhemo. 
Mis-said, be, v.i. nape; j)akewa; 

Missed out, a. hapa; ngere. 
Missing, a. ngaro. 
Missionary, n. mihanere. 
Mist, n. kohu; jnikohu; takohu; 

au ; rehu. 
Mistaken, a. he; poauau; pohehe ; 

j)ohewa; jjokaku; jjorahurahu; 

Misty, a. anehu ; 2}unehunehu ; 

Mistress, n. rangatira. 
Mix, v.t. pokepoke; po2)o ; natu; 

ko7iatunatio ; whakananu; whaka- 

ranu; whakahanumi ; whaka- 

Mixed, a. nami; ranu; hanumi; 

Moan, v.i. aurere; ngunguru. 
Moat, n. a7vakeri; awakari; awa- 

riia; atvamate. 
Mock, v.t. tawai; taunu; whaka- 

tau ; patai. 
Model, n. pukenga; taidra. 
Moderate, a. mahaki. 
Moderately, ad. iti; tahanya. 
Modest, porearea. 
Moist, a. maku ; makuku ; hau- 

makii; hauku ; hautaku; kopu- 

toitoi; kuwaitvai; toi; toivawahi ; 





Moisten, v. t. 7vhakamakuku, 
Moisture, n. maku; hnuku; hmi- 

Mole, n. iraira. 
Molest, v.t. whakatete. 
Money, n. moni. 
Month, n. marama. 
Monument, u. tolm. 
Moon, u. marama; ahoroa; atarau; 

Moonlight, n. atarau; atamarama. 
Moor, 11. koraha. 
Mooring-place, n. tauranga. 
More, a. tetalbi atu; nui alio; rahi 

Morning, early, n. ata. 
Morning star, the, n. Tawera. 
Morrow, on the, ad. ajjoj^o; au- 

Morsel, n. maramara. 
Mortar, n. mo at a. 
Mortified, a. kikohionga. 
Mosquito, n. waeroa; naeroa; 

Moss (on trees), n. kohukohu; 

papa])a; rimurimu. 
Moth, n. huhu; naonao; purehu- 

rehu: jjurehioa; 2Jepe; pepepe. 
Mother, n. matua tvahine; tvhaea; 

koka; ivhaerere; karawa; tiaka; 

Mother-in-law, n. hungaivai ; hu- 

navere; hunarei. 
Moulder, v. i. waitau. 
Mouldy, a. heka; hekaheka; puru; 

Mound, u. toropuke; pukepiike. 
Mount, v.t. eke. 

Mountain, v.t. maunga; mounga. 
Mourn, v.t. tangi; aue; uhunga. 
Mournful, a. tiwerawera. 
Mourning, (sign of), n. tatia. 
Mouse, n. kiore. 
Mouth, n. mangai; waha; ma- 


— sides of, n. jjakiwaha. 

— (of a river), n. ngutuawa; ko- 

ngutiiawa ; tvahapu; kuaha; pu- 

Mouthpiece (of a calabasli) n. titi. 
Move, v.t. neke; nuku; ivhaka- 

tiekeiieke ; whakakorikori. 

— (by entreaty), whakatara. 

— feet to and fro, v. i. hikaikai. 

— hands to and fro, v.i. aro- 

— lips, V. i, komekome. 

Move, v.i. keukeu; korikori; taka; 
nuku ; neke; paneke; kanekeneke; 
koke; koki; titaka; ngate; nga- 
tete ; patete ; koni ; panuku ; onoi ; 

— aside, v.i. kotiti; matataau. 

— (in any direction) v. i. ahu. 

— in a random w^ay, v. i. hiko. 

— sideways, v. i. whakakoko. 

— stealthily, v. i. whakaangi; 

— swiftly, v.i. omaki; mimiro; 

Much, a. nui; rahi. 

Mud, n. paru; j)ar7ij)aru; hu; 

kohi; oi. 
Muffle, V. t. whakangenengene ; 

Mule, n. MUERA. 
Mullet, n. kanae. 
Multiply, v.t. ivliakanui ; whaka- 

Multitude, n. maha; hira; mano ; 

tini; hea. 
Mummy, n. ivliakapakoko. 
Murder, v.t. kokuru; whakajnko; 

towluire ; kaikino. 
Murmur, v. i. kowhetewhete ; ko- 

humuhumu; nanu; haku; tapi- 

tapi; tvhakatanguru ; ivawara. 
Muscle, n. iiaua. 
Mushroom, n. harore. 
Musket, n. p?i. 
Mussel, n. kuku ; purewha ; kutai; 

hanea; ngupara; kakahi. 
Mussel-bed, n. patiotio. 
Muster, v.t, lohakataka; tawhiu. 

Mutter 284 

Mutter, v.i. hameme; hamumu; 

komeme ; hawata. 
Mutton-bird, n. titi. 
Muzzle, n. waha; ngutu. 


Muzzle, v.t. whakamoka; rongo- 

tvaha; taparenga. 
My, pron. taku; toku; aku; oku. 


Nail, n. titi; whao; nera. 

— (of finger, ifec.) maikuku; mati- 
kuku . 

Naked, a. kau: tahanga; taka- 

Name, n. ingoa. 
Name, v.t. hua; tapa; tua. 
Namely, adv. ara. 
Nap (of cloth), n. hungahunga. 
Narrow, a. ivhaiti. 
Nation, n. iwi; hajju; pu. 
Native, a. maori; tui^u. 
Natural, a. maori. 
Nausea, feel, v. i. whakapai-ruaki. 
Navel, n. pito. 
Nay, ad. kahore. See not. 
Neap tides, n. taitai ririki; tai 

koiva; tai taia. 
Near, a. tata; tatata; jjatata; tai- 

tata; tutata. 
Nearly, ad. wahi iti; me kore; 

me kari. 
Neck, n. kaki. 

— back of, n. tuta; porokaki; 

Needed, be, v.i., matea. 
Needle, n. ngira. 
Neglect, v.t. whakarere. 
Neighbour, n. hoa tata. 
Nephew, n. iramutu; tapairu. 
Nest, n. otvhanga; kowhanga. 
Nestle, v.t. ivhakaahuru. 
Net, v.t. ta; takeke. 
Net, n. kupenga; kaharoa; ranga- 

tahi ; taivauwau ; kaka ; p>urangi ; 

pukoro; kukuti; tauichat^i; wha- 

kawhiu; koko; pouraka. 
— , hand, n. tata; tawiri; rohe; 

kori; toere; toemi; kape. 

Net, catch in a, v.t. hao. 
Nettle, n. ongaonga. 
Neutral, a. kuj^apa. 
Never, ad. kahore rawa; kihai 

Nevertheless, ad. he ahakoa. 
New, a. hou; tauhou. 
News, n. korero. 
Next day, on the, ad. ao ake; te 

aonga ake; auinake. 
Nibble, v. harangote; tongi; ti- 

Nice, a. reka. 

Niece, n. iramutu; tapairu. 
Niggard, n. atua; atuapo; pito- 

kite; tohe. 
Night, n. po; kengo. 

— last, ad. inapo; nonapo; no 
tenei po. 

Nimble, a. hohoro; kakama. See 

Nine, a. iwa. 

Nineteen, a. tekau ma iwa. 
Ninety, a. iwa tekau; hokoiwa. 
Nip, v.t. kikini; kuku; jio^kini. 
Nipple, n. u. 
Nit, n. riha. 
No, ad. kahore; kanape. 

— (in answer to a negative ques- 
tion), ae. 

No more, a. heoti; heoi. 

Nod, v.i. tungou; manana; rutu. 

Noise, make a, v.t. turituri; 

maniania; pioro; nganga; nge; 

hoihoi; tihoihoi; nani. 
None, a. kahore. 
Noose, n. rore; taivhiti; kaha; 

koro; koromahanga; mahanga; 





Normal, a. maori. 

North, 11. raki; raro; hauraro. 

North wind, n. hauraro; tapa- 

raro; huiraki; koraki; karapu; 

kotiu ; tawahatiui. 
North-east -wind, n. pawhakarua; 

North-west wind, u. hauauru- 

ma-raki; vutiiru; mataeo; kape- 

kape; parei'a; hauatiu; tupatiu. 
Nose, n. ihit. 

— , lower part of, n. jjoniania. 
Nostril, 11. ponyaporiya ; jjonc/aihti ; 

Not, ad. kahore; kore; kanape; 

kihai; k'ui'uu; ehara; ehake; hau- 

nya; hove; ana; auaka ; auraka; 

kaua; kanaka; kei; te. 
Notch, V. t. teno; tokari; kakari; 

karikari; whakakarikari; pakini. 
Notched, a. teno. 
Notwithstanding, conj. ahakoa. 
November, n. Nowkma. 
Novice, n. ihupuku; tauhou. 
Now, ad. aianei; inaianei; na tou; 

katahi; tenei. 
Nudge, v.t. tuketuke. 
Numerous, a. malm; tokomaha; 

hira; tini. 
Nurse, v.t. hiki; tapuhi. 
— (a sick person), v.t. whakaomo- 

Nurse, u. kai-hiki. 

O (vocative), int. B. 

Oakum, n. tahunga. 

Oar, n. hoe. 

Oath, n. oATi. 

Obedient, a, nyawari; rongo. 

Obey, v.t. rongo. 

Object, v.t. whaknkahore; whaka- 
korekore ; rvhakaepa. 

Oblique, a. ta; tahapa. 

Observe, v.t. titiro; inatakitaki. 

Obsidian, n. tuhua; mata tuhua. 

Obstacle, u. taunahua; arai; tau- 
arai; epa. 

Obstinate, a. turi; tutu; keke; 
whakakeke; hokeke; houkeke; 
taringa; ioio ; taiimaro ; 2)apa- 
mo/ro ; hoi; motohe; pake. 

Obstruct, v.t. arai; pa; taujm; 
haukoti ; tau})are. 

Obtain, v. t. whiivJi.i. — (by flat- 
tering or coaxing), ene. — (by 
artitice), itiatai. 

Obtained, be, v. i riro. 

Occupation, n. mahi. 

Occupied, be, v.i. ivarea. 

Ocean, n, moana. 

Ochre, red, n. kokowai; tareha; 

karaniea; horu. 
October, n. Oketopa. 
Octopus, n. wheke. 
Odd, (having no fellow), a. tautahi. 
— number, n. hara; koha; p)unga; 

tauhara; tuma. 
Odd portion of measure of 

length, n. ArtM. 
Odour, n. kakara; haunga; mono- 

Of, (belonging to), prep. a;o; na; no 
Offence, n. liara; he. 
Offend, V. t. tunuhuruhuru. 
Offensive, a. anuanu; harehare ; 

mataliarehare ; weriweri; mani- 

nohea; koeo. 
Offering, n. tiri; whakahere. 
OflB.ce, n. mahi. 
Oflacer, n. APIHA. 
Offspring, n. uri; whanau; momo. 
Often, ad. auau. 
Oh, int. 0. 
Oil, n. hinu; noni. 
Old, a. tawhito; iuarangi; auki; 

ukiuki; aweko; pakoko. 




Old man, n. koroheke; koroua; 
kara; karaua; kopura; purakau. 

— ■woman, n. kuia ; ruwahine; 

— person, n. poua; kaumatua; 

Omen, ill, n. aitua. 

Ominous, a. aitua. 

Omit, v.t. kape. 

Omnipotent, a. kaha rawa. 

On, prep, ki runga i; i; ki; a; hei; 

Once, ad. tuatahi. 
One, a. tahi; ngatahure. 
Onion, n. riki. 
Only, ad. anake; anahe; kait,; tonu. 

— child, n. huatahi. 
Onwards, ad. ake; atu. 

Ooze, V. i. toto; pati; pa/^i; p)W^- 
Open, a. hamama; puare; poare; 

mawhera; tawhera; tuwhera; 

kowhera; matatawha; matamoi; 

matata; raha; koraha ; poaha. 
Open, v.t. tvhakapuare ; tvhewhera ; 

whakatuwhera ; huaki; uaki; 

Open country, n. koraha; korehe; 

parae; tahora; raorao. 
Opening, n. puta; tomokanga. 
Openly, ad. matanui; tamitami. 
Ophthalmia, n. ^;>«^;«/iewa; tore- 
Opinion, n. whakaaro. 
Opportunity, n. wa. 
Oppose, v.t. whawhai; arai; atete; 

Opposite, a. anganui; hangai; 

aronui; taurite. 
Opposite side, (of river, &c.), n. 

tawahi ; taraivahi. 
Oppress, v.t. whakawhiu; whaka- 

tina; ivhere; ivhakawhere; ta- 

Oppressed, a. taimaha; taumalia. 
Oppressive, a. taitahae; nanakia; 

Or, conj. ranei; raina. 

Oracle, n. ka^ipapa. 

Oration, n. korero; whai-korero; 

Orator, n. pu-korero. 
Ordain, v.t. whakarite. 
Order, v.t. tapa; unga; tono; ngare; 

whakahau ; tautapa. 
Order, put in, v.t. whakapai. 
Origin, n. timatanga ; take ; putake. 
Ornament for the neck, n. hei; 

Ornamental, a. whakapaij)ai. 
Orphan, n. pani. 
Oscillate, v. i. pAupiu ; kopiupiu. 
Other, the, pron. tera; tera atu. 
Otherwise, ad. pe/iei. 
Our, pron. to taua; ta taua; to 

maua; ta maua; to tatou; ta 

tatou; to matou; ta matou. 
Ourselves, pron. taua; maua; 

tatou; matou. 
Out, ad. ki waho. 

— of breath, a. hemanawa. 

— of patience, a. hoha ; hoke- 

— of regular sequence, a. ti- 
j}aopao ; tipokapoka; kohikohiko. 

— of the way, a. taivhio. 

, keep oneself, v. i. tuohu. 

Outermost, a. 7vaho rawa. 
Outside, the, n. tvaho. 

Oven, n. hangi; umu; hapi; hopi; 

tapi; tapipi; topipi; karahu; 

tarahu; kohua; konao; kopa; 

kori; okeoke; tawntu ; tonihinihi ; 

tungitu ngi ; o UM u. 
Over, prep, ki runga i ; ma runga 

i; &c. 
Overawed, a. hopohopo. 
Overbearing, a. hakiki; tvhaka- 

Overcast, a. koipuipu; kongu; 

koruki; kowhanga ; pohuhu ; tau- 

purn; topuni; tukupu. 
Overcast sky, n. kekeao. 
Overcome, be, v.i. mate; taea; 

wherea; parangia; jjdpd; tina. 

Overflow 28? 

Overflow, v.i. huri; puke; to- 
rena; purena; engaenga; ko- 
remiamiga ; ngawha; toka. 

Overgrow^n, a. ururua; hururua ; 
tuJuui; rango ; muliu. 

Overhang, v.i. tamvhare. 

Overhanging, a. areare; tau- 

Overlap, v.i. inaki. 

Overlay, v.t. pojjarua. 

Overload, v.t. whakawhiu; whaka- 

Overlook, v.t. tirotiro. 


Overpowered, be, v.i. pari te ihu. 
Overspread, v.i. horapa. 
Overtaken, be, v.i. rokoJianga; 

rokoliitia; mau. 
Overthrow, v. t. huri; hua; poro- 

Overturned, be, v.i. tahuri; tu- 

poporo; porotp.Uke ; potcteke. 
Owl, 11. koukou; ruru. 
Own, a. ake (after a possessive). 
Owner, n. tangata nana. 

Ox, n. OKI HA. 

Oyster, n. tio; ngakihi. 

Pace to and fro, v.i. rere; toiha. 
Pack, v.t. takai; kohi; whakaia- 

— in small compass, v.t. ruku- 

Packet, n. takai. 

Pad, n. whakapuru ; paretua ; 

Pad, v.t. matata; whakapxiru. 
Paddle, n. hoe; hirarv. 

— steering, n. urungi; urunga. 
Paddle, v.t. hoe; tarau. 

Page, n. wharangi. 

Paid, be, v.i. ea. 

Paid for, be, v.i. ea; rite. 

— - — -, not, a. tarewa. 

Pail, n. PEERK. 

Pain, n. mamae. 

Pain, be in, v.i. mainae; kohari- 

Painful, a. mamae; matengatenga. 
Paint, v.t. pani; ta. 
Paint, n. peita. 
Pair, n. jju; topu; jmrua. 
Pairs, in, a. j)unarua. 
Palatable, a. 7'eka; apuaj^u. 
Palate, n. ngao; pikiarero; tako. 
Pale, a. ma; koma; kotea; horotea; 

Paling, n. wana; kawawa; wawa. 

Palm tree, n. nikau; iniko ; muka ; 

Palm (of the hand) n. jyaro; kapu; 

Palsy, n. pararutiki. 
Pant, v.i. mapu ; tare; huatare; 

jnika; kiha; ivluikaeaea; hotu; 

ivhakahotuhot u ; kahekahe. 
Pap, n. u. 

Papa, n. pa2)a; matua. 
Paper, n. jnikajyuka ; pkpa. 
Paper-mulberry, n. aufe. 
Papillae (on the skin), n. tara; 

Paradise-duck, n. ptitangitangi; 

jnUa^igitangiatama ; 2^^tangita- 

Parch, V. t. tunu. 
Pare, v.t. tihore; tijji. 
Parent, n. matua. 
Paroquet, n. kakai-iki ; powhaitere. 
Parrot, n. kaka; 2}erua. 
Parry, v.t. karo. 
Part, n. wahi. 
Participate, v.i. uru. 
Parting words, n. koha ; poroaki ; 

Partly fllled, a. takere. 
Partner, n. hoa. 


Party, n. ope; 2)ahi; rahinga; 

uepti; whana. See company. 
Pass, n. ajnti; kajnti. 
Pass a^vay, v.i. memeha. 

— behind, v.i. atvhe; nunumi. 

— Tby, v.i. 2)ahure; hori; taha; 
heino; pahemo; pahika; tahapa; 
hipa; ririu. — v. t. kape. 

Pass near, v. i. wa7ii ; miri ; 
hohoni; konihi. 

— through, V. i. puta. 
Passage, n. ara; putanga. 
Passed by, be, v.i. hapa; ngere. 
Past, be, v.i. mahue; pahure; 

pahemo; hori. 
Pat, v.t. pakipaki; popo. 
Patch, n. jmpaki; tapiri; tapi; hoi. 

— (small area), n. tiwha; a2)ure; 

PatchTvork, n. kuira. 
Path, n. ara; whakatika. 
Patient, a. manawanui. 
Pattern, n. tauira; ritenga; _^:>m- 

Pause, v.i. okioki; tu. 
Pay for, v.t. whakaea; utu. 
Payment, n. ^itu. 
Peace, n. rongo; ranghnarie. 
— , make, v. i. hohou i te rongo. 
Peaceful, a. rangatira; rangima- 

rie; marie. 
Peacemaker, n. kai-hohou rongo; 

Peach, n. pititi. 
Peak, n. keo; keokeonga ; tara. 

— (of a cap), n. jyci,'''^' 
Peaked, a. keokeo. 
Pebble, n. kirikiri; kohaiu. 
Peck, v.t. tim,o; tongi; titongi. 
Pedigree, n. tahuhu; tahto; ka- 

wai; kawei. 
Peel, n. kiri; hiako; tangai; ta- 

peha; peha; horehore. 
Peel, v.t. tihore; horehore; pao- 

2iao; pangunungunu. 
Peeled, be, v.i. mahore ; mahihore; 

2)ahore; titupu; whakatako. 

288 Pestie 

Peep, v.i. tirotiro; matakitaki. 
Peg, n. 2>oupou; tia; tirau. 
Pelt, v.t. epa ; hoa ; kuru ; whakuru. 
Pen, or pencil, n. pene. 
Penetrate, v.i. ngoto. 
Penguin, n. korora. 
Penis, n. nre; tara; tehe. 
People, n. iwi; hunga; tangata; 

whana; nuinga. 
Pepper, n. pepa. 
Perceive, v.t. kite; maori. 
Perch, n. taunga; j^^ae; viutu; 

tutu; rongohua; tuhunga. 
Perfect, a. tika; rite tonu. 
Perform, v.t. mahi. 
Perhaps, ad. ^^ea. 
Perish, v.i. mate; memeha; tipoko. 
Permanent, a. tuturu; tu2)u; take- 
take ; 2)'i^mau; tumau; whai; 

Permit, v.t. tuku. 
Perpendicular, a. tu tonu; 2^ou- 

Perplexed, be, v.i. raru; ku- 

raruraru; 2^okeka; 2^onana; po- 

rahurahu; whakatuatea; tua- 

Persecute, v.t. whakatoi. 
Persevere, v.i. tohe; tautohe; 

kawe; whaiwhairoroa. 
Person, n. koro; tahae; tahake; 

koroke; kiko. 
— employed in anything, n. kai, 

followed by a verb. 
Perspiration, n. kakawa; tota; 

Persuade, v.t. kukume; whaka- 

wai. See beguile. 
Pertinacious, a. tohetohe. 
Perverse, a. tutu; aweke; whaka- 

Pervert, v.t. whakariro-ke ; whaka- 

Pest, 11. nanakia; autaia; taita- 

Pestilence, n. mate uruta. 
Pestle, n. kuru; 2)ci'0i- 




Pet, n. viaimoa; mokaikai. 
Phlegm, 11. Diare; kea. 
Phosphorescent substance, n. 

}iiii.atore ; puratoke. 
Physic, 11. roiiyoa; wairakmi. 
Pick out, v.t. tvhirirvhiri; koivhiri; 

kape; karo; tikaro ; hikaro; ko- 

whitiwhiti; komiri; koivae. 
Piece, n. wahi; niaramara; Finn. 
Pieces, take to, v. t. tukituki. 
Pied, a. opure. 
Pierce, v.t. tvero; poka; tui. 
Pierced, a. ngangengange. 
Piercing, a. tio. 
Pig, n. I'OAKa; kuhukuhtc. 
Pigeon, n. kukupa; kuku; kereru. 
Pile, V. t. puranga. See heap. 
Pillow, n. urunga. 
Pilot, n. kai-torungi. 
Pimple, n. huahua; kiritona. 
Pimples, be covered with, v. i. 

2)apata; ^^ara. 
Pin, n. PINK. 

— (for fastening a mat), n. mi. 
Pinch, v.t. pakini; kikini; kara- 

piti; nanati; nonoti. 
Pinchers, n. kuku. 
Pinched with cold, a. Imiki. 
Pine away, v. i. hiangongo. 
Pipeclay, n. taioma. 
Pit, n. rua; pokorua; korua; ma- 

rua; poka; waro. 
— (for storing kumara, »fec.), rtia; 

hapoki ; hapoko ; hopekiivi ; ko- 

piha; korotangi. 
— (of the stomach), n. waha o te 

Pitfall, n. pokere. 
Pity, n, aroha. 
Pity, v.t. aroha. 
Place, n. wahi. 
— of departed spirits, n. po; 

— , out of, a. tuwa. 
Place, V. t. panga ; maka ; wai- 

ho ; whakanoho ; whakatakoto ; 

whakatu; whiu. 

Place one upon another, v. 

whakapapa; whakapipi; taj^ae; 

— on board (a canoe, <fec.), v. t. 

Plain, n. mauia; raorao; 2}arae; 

tahora; pnpatahi; reoreo. 
Plain, a. mara,ma. 
Plan, n. tatai ; tikanga ; korero 

Plane, n. kota. 
Plank, n. pajm. 
Plant, v. t. whakato ; ko ; tiri ; 

pokapoka ; koiri ; pirori ; ono ; 

tatiu; kokau; whiu; tou; whaka- 

— in hillocks, v.t. takapuke. 
— at intervals, or in vacant 

spaces, v.t. iiriwa. 
Planting-time, n. koanga. 
Plat, v.t. raranga; whiri. 
Platform, n. atamira. 
Play, v. i. takaro ; whakanene ; 

Plaything, n. pataritari ; mea 

Pleasant, a. ahuareka; rekareka; 

matareka; parekareka. 
Pleased, be, v. i. pai; ahuareka; 

maha; manawareka ; waingohia. 
Pleiades, n. Matariki. 
Plentiful, a. maha; tini; rahi. 

See abound. 
Pliable, a. ngohengohe; kongohe; 

ngore; koj)e. 

Plough, n. PARAU. 

Ploughshare, n. he a. 

Pluck, v.t. whawhaki; kowhaki; 

kato; auru ; kopepe; muru; ko- 

Plug, n. puru ; karemu. 
Plug, v.t. puru; mono. 

Plum, n. PARAMU. 

Plumbline, n. paramu. 
Plump, a. kukune. 
Plunder, v.t. muru; hui; murei; 
hone; ngau; pahtia; roromi; 




takahi ; tukuku ; hunuhunu ; 

Pocket, 11. putea. 
Point, 11. matamata; fara; ka- 

tara; hiku; koinga; tongi. 
— (of canoe sail), taketake. 
— of, be on the, v. i. irliano. 
Point out, V. t. ivhakaatu ; tuhi. 
Pointed, a. krokpo; popo; Jioka. 
Pointing up-wards, a. takuranyi. 
Points, having many, a. mata- 


Poison, 11. I'AETINI. 

Pole, n. toko; titoko ; urutoko; pa- 

iioho ; tauteka. 
Policeman, n. pirihimana. 
Polish, V. t. wJtakakanapa. 
Pollen, n. para. 
— of raupo, ^nmgapunga. 
Ponder, v. t. liuriliuri; whakaaro- 

Pool, n. hojma; kopiha; Jiaroio- 

Poor, a. rawa-kore. 
Pop, v.i. pako. 
Porch, n. ivhakamahaii. See 

Pork. n. POAKA. 
Porpoise, n. tti^wnpou ; hoptthopu ; 

traiaiia ; upokohue. 
Portage, n. toanga-ivaka. 
Porter, n. kai-amo; kai-pikau. 
Portion, n. wahi; tutanga. 
Position, n. turanga; takotoranga. 
Possess, V. whiwhi. 
Possessing, a. 7vhai. 
Possible, be, v.i. taea; ahei. 
Post, n. pou; titrtcpou; take; turi; 

— supporting middle of ridge- 
pole, poutokomanawa. 
Posteriors, n. remu; tou. 
Potato, n. kapana; parareka; ri- 

wai ; hiwai ; taiawa ; jmrete ; 

j)apaka; ropi. 
— , seed, tinaku. 
— , s'weet, kumara. 

Pot-bellied, a. pukuivheti. 

Pother, n. pongere. 

Pound, v.t. pool; kuru; tiiki. 

Pound, n. pa una. 

Pour, v.t. riringi; talioro. 

Pout, v.i. faperu; ho. 

Powder, n. pueJni; pauka. 

Power, 11. mana,; kaha; maru. 

Powerless, a. miere; rora. 

Practice, n. ritenga. 

Praise, v. t. ivhakapai ; moemiti; 

Pray, v.t. inoi. 
Prayer, n. inoi. 
Preach, v. t. kanwhan. 
Precious, a. utunui; matahiapo; 

Precipice, n. pari. 
Precise, a. pu; tino. 
Pregnant, be, v.i. hnpu; ahua; 

Prepare, v.t. taka; takatu; taka- 

— for cooking, taiUe. 
Prepared, a. takatu. 
Preposterous, a. Jiaraki. 
Present, n hakari; ichakahere ; 

— to bride's relations tapaku- 

— in return, n. pehipehi; whaka. 
Present time, up to, ad. mohoa 

iioa iiei; moroki noa nei. 
Present, v.t. tajme. 
Presently, ad. akicaiiei ; aiatiei; 

taihoa; takaro; kia toka. 
Preserve, v. t. raliui; roiigoa ; 

Press, x.t.pelii; tami; tamoe. 
— (to do anything), v.t. tohe; ka- 

kari; akiaki. 
Pretext, n. takunga ; whakata- 

Pretty, h. ataahua. 
Prevent, v.t. arai; taupa. 
Prey, u. parakete ; ]jarure7iga ; 




Pulled off 

Price, n. Ufa; r'Ueiiya. 
Prick, v.t. oka; wero; timo. 
Prickly, a. onc/aoiu/a ; koikoi; ta- 

raturn ; ktifiird; fiotio. 
Pride, ii. ivhakfcprhdjic/ia. 
Priest, u. arikl; tolnoiujd. 
Print, v.t. ta: i'Ekkiii. 
Printer, u. kai-ta. 
Prison, n. ivliare-licreliere. 
Prize, v.t. hihuiakau. 
Proceed, v.i. lutrrc; ivliauo; irluii. 

See go. 
Procreate, v.t. (d. 
Procure (by .seeking), v.t. lidJia. 
Produced, be (as a crop), v.i. 

Producing no food, a. taitaia- 

Productions of the earth, n. 

Progeny, n. ?tri; wlianau; aita- 

Project, v.i. jnirero; toliira. 
Projection, n. nyao; piikm; koto- 

Prolific, a. tikorua. 
Promise, n. knpu ivltakaari ; ki 

Promontory, n. rae; knrae; kn- 

mori'r, /oronka; tumu. See 

Prompt, be, v.i. takaniti. 
Pronounce, v.t. ivhakahua. 
Proof, u. fo/iu; ivltakaponotangn. 
Prop, n. tokomanya ; uelia ; tau- 

Prop, v.t. tautoko. 
Propel with a pole, v. t. toko ; 

Proper, a, tikn.. 
Property, n. hanya; taonya; ra- 

tva; taputapu; nyerenyere. 
Prophet, n. POROi'iTi. 
Propitiate, v. t. whakaporepore ; 

irli nkiiliere ; whaknmarie. 
Propitiatory offering, n. whaka- 


Propose, v.i. hikii, irluvkmiro ; taka 

Propound (foi- di.scussion), v.t. 

Prostrated, be, v.i. Iiorotete. 
Prosy, a. (ouiki; autaki. 
Protect, V. t. tiaki. 
Protrude, v. i. ]Hi,tPTo ; whnknrae ; 

Proud, ;». ivlMkdpcliitpelia ; icJiakn- 
liilii : ivJiakakakc ; n-li(t.k((tnma- 

Prove, v.t. ivltakdmatmi. 

Proverb, n. u-Itdkafnuki. 

Provisions, n. kai; o; powJiiri- 

Provoke, v.t. jKifai ; patari; tari- 
tari; ivliakatari ; uhakapatari- 
tai-i; ene; takitaki; whnkaka- 
ranyirauyi ; ichtikntina ; taiki; 

Prow, n. iliu. 

Prudent, a. ivhakaaro. 

Prune, v.t. kokofi. 

Psalm, 11. waiata. 

Pshaw, int. hi. 

Pubes, 11. piike. 

Publican, n. i'vvirikaxa. 

Public, a. md ; marake. 

Publish, v. t. panui. 

Pudding, make into a, v.t. rona. 

Pudenda muliebria, n. teke;toke. 

Puff (of wind), n. picrekereke. 

Puling, a. koroinyoinyo. 

Pull, v.t. kukume ; to. 

— about, V. t. rnhurahu ; tanyo- 
tanyn ; niakitdihnii ; raukeke. 

— against one another, v. i. tau- 

— off, V.t. itnii. 

— one another's hair, v.t. tau- 

Imtihuti ; liuhuti. 
— up, v.t. Jiuh'iiti; karikari; ko- 

ivhiti; raiiya; huaranya. 

— the trigger (of a gun), v.t. 

PuUed off, be, v.i. taaunu. 

Pulpy 292 

Pulpy, a. pepe; kopepe; tahoho; 

pupuru; niolmnya. 
Pulverize, v. t. whakanehu; tapa. 
Pumice, n. pungnpunga ; tahoata. 
Pumpkin, n. paukena. 
Pungent, a. tatigeo; kanekane. 
Punished, be, v. i. ngahingahi ; 

Pupil, n. akonga; tauira. 
— (of the eye), n. ivhatu; whatu- 

pango ; karu])ango. 
Purchase, v. t. hoko. 
Pure, a. ma; purotu; toari; pi- 

ata; purata. 
Purify, V. t. wliakama; mea kia 

Purple, a. I'APunA. 
Purpose, V. i. whakaaro; koron; 

mea; ki. 
Purpose, to no, ad. maumau ; 

noa ; Inia-kore. 
Purse, n. vaiu. 
Purse up, V. t. kukuti. 
Pursue, V. t. aru; tvliai. 


Purulent, a. taematuku. 

Pus, n. pirau. 

Push, V. turaki; ^jana; koj)ana; 

uaki; hoe; tatau. 
— one's way (through bushes, 

(tc), V. i. muJiu. 
Put, V- maka. See place. 
— in, v.t. kokonio ; whawhao. 
^on (garments), v.t. kakahu; ko- 

— on board (a ship or canoe), v. t. 

— out (extinguish), v.t. tinei. 
— out (hs the tongue), v. t. wha- 

tero; whetero. 
— together, v. t. tungutwiiguiu ; 

tittakltaki ; wtigutu; whakawha- 

— side by side, v.t. ajnti; kara- 

Putrefy, v. i. kikohimga. 
Putrid, a. pm'au ; i; pihonga ; 



Quack, V. i. keke. 
Quadruped, n. kararehe; kuri. 
Quake, v. i. wiri; hungoingni ; 

Jnioioi; ngapu ; tuhmiwiri. 
Quail, n. koitareke ; ; 

horeke; kokoreke. 
Quantity, n. rnaha; mii. 
Quarrel, ii. pakanga; riri; wliai- 

ni/a ; tvheinga. 
Quarrel, v. i. whawlud ; tatau; 

riri; ngangare; kakari ; kai- 

kiri ; totohe ; ivhakanehenehe ; 

ivJinkanene; tvliakanihoniho ; ive- 

kiki; ivaivau; ivhakatete. 
Quarrelsome, a. jmkuriri; pa- 

Quartz, n. mata. 
Queen, n. ktini. 
Quench, v.t. tinei, 

Question, v.t. id; patai; pakiki. 
Quick, be, v. i. hohoro; kakama; 

hauha^i; Itihiko; kapekapetau ; 

tangatanga ; kaiiUmgatanga ; ta- 

ianga ; niaJiaii; ngahaii; nga- 

wari; pekepeke; tnJiaua; whaka- 

maroro ; tere; taheke; tatura ; 

Quicken, v.t. uihakaliohoro ; wlia- 

kangawari ; ivliakaliauliaii,, tkc. 
Quiet, a. marip, ; rangimarie ; 

aliuaivaimarie; mahaki ; rata ; 

Quiet, v.t. ivhakamarie ; u-haka- 

Quill, n. hokai. 
Quince, n. kviwi. 
Quite, ad. ata; rawa; tonu ; ton; 

tiiio; ke; noa; marire. 




Race, n. momo; uri. 

Racy, a. tataki. 

Radius (<>f the arm), n. apiti. 

Raft, n. kahupapa ; mokihi ; 

Rafter, n. heke; nehe; oka. 
Rag, n. pakaru kakahu; karu- 

ka7'u; tawhetawhe; nyetangeta ; 

Ragged, a. kuhakuha ; ruharuha; 

taulietatvhe ; petapeta. 
Raging, a. riri ; aritarita ; nanau ; 

-ivhaknnanau ; iiana ; iiguha ; 

rupahu; ruta ; nitu. 
Rail, n. tamjotauyo ; huaJma: kalio ; 

roau; reri. 
Rain, n. ua; mvha; jmtapataia- 

— , light, n. koumia. 
— water, n. ivai pataua. 
Rain, v. i. ua. 

— heavily, v. i. whakareivai. 
Rainbow, n. anuvaniwa; kahu- 

hira; ouenukii. 
Raise, v. t. hapai ; tvhakaara ; 

ichakaikeike ; ]>aikeike ; riaki ; 

rang a; Id. 
— by a lever, v. t. Jma. 
Raised, be, v. i. ikeike; maiengi; 

maiangi; morunga; rewa; rna- 

reiva ; tarewa ; tairanga ; ra- 

ngai; mahioa. 
— (as dust), tutu. 
Rake, n. rakurahi; rakaraka. 
Ram, V. 1. tnki; ])apa. 
Random, at, ad. noa. 
Rank, ii. knpa ; aroakapa ; ra- 

Rankle, v.i. horu. 
Ransom, n. utu. 
Rap, v.t. kuru; papaki; patuki. 
Rapid, a. tere. 
Rapid, 11. au; puau; taheke. 

Rare, a. jniiaki; tuauru. 

Rash, a. hikaka. 

Rat, n. More; raaungar'ua ; hina- 

moki; riroi. 
Rate of rowing, n. waihoe. 
Rather, ad. engari; erangi. 
Rattle, v.i. tatangi; patato. 
Rave, v.i. haurangi; porangi; 

hawata; riipalm. 
Raw, a. mata; torouka; kaimata; 

piUoto; whakarae; tonganga; 

Ray, 11. hihi; ihiihi; toko; tira. 
Rays, emit, v. i. tara ; ivhaka- 

Razor, n. heu ; rama. 
Reach, v.i. tnjwno; tae; pa. — 

(to the bottom), v.i. tatu; ta- 

jmtu; tapolih. — (its limit), v.i. 

— , out of, a. aweawe; tapu. 
Reach (with thehand), v.t. tvhaka- 

toro ; whatoro. 
— - (with a stick), v.t. roii; tirou. 
Read, v.t. korero; pamii. 
Ready, be, v.i. takatxi. 
Reap, v.t. kokoti. 
Rear, v.t. whakatupu; wliangai. 
Rear, n. Mku; muri. 
— , be in the, v.i. tauhiku. 
Reason, n. take; putake; tikanga. 
Rebel, v.i. tvhana. 
Rebuke, v.t. riri; ivliakahe. 
Receive, v.t. tango. 
Recent, a. Jiou. 
Recently, ad. inakuara; nona- 

Receptacle for the dead, n, 

pouraka ; icaka tiipapaku. 
Recite, v.t. tvhakahua; rorongo; 

taki ; takitaki. 
— legends, v.i. kauwhau; whaka- 





Recite genealogies, v.i. whaka- 

moe ; whakatakoto. 
Reckon, v.t. tatau. 
Recognize, v.t. mohio; matau. 
Recoil, v.i. whmia. 
Recollect, v.t. mahara. 
Reconnoitre, v.t. arohi ; toro; 

Recount, v.t. tatau. 
Recovered, a. riro mai. 
Recriminate, v.t. whakawmva. 
Red, a. ivhero; towhei-o; kura- 

whero; ura ; kura; mahirakura ; 

pakurakura; paka; 2xi.kaka ; nga- 

ngana ; nonokura ; waiarangi. 
Red hot, a. kaka ; miramira ; 

Red ochre, n. kokowai; tareha; 

horn; takou ; karamea. 
Reddish, a. makurakura ; im- 

ivhero ; wherowltero. 
Redeem, v.t. hoko. 
Redeemer, n. kai-hoko. 
Reduce (in size), v.t. runa. 
Reed, n. kakaho. 
Reflected light, n. koliikn. 
Refractory, a. Manga; tutu. 
Refresh, v. t. whakahauJiait ; 

ivJt akahnuora ; ivhakahovjlion. 
Refreshing, a. hauliau; liouhou. 

See cool. 
Refreshment, n. paramanavca. 
Refuge, n. omanga; piringa. 
Refuse, v.t. paopao; whakanau; 

whakakahore ; whakaparah ako ; 

rvhakapeka; vieko; tuhe. See 

Refuse, n. nganga — (of a meal), 

kainga. — (of flax leaf), para- 

koka; pukaha; liaronga ; jjureke. 
Regard, token of, n. maioha. 
Regardless, a. ituhkuware. 
Regiment, n. hajiu hoi a. 
Region, n. ^>«e ; waha ; wa ; 

Regretful, a. aroha; konohi ; 

luauaivapa, awhitu. 

Reign, v.i. kingi. 

Reject, v.t. whakarere; ivhaka- 

kino ; whakalioe ; ivhakapat'a- 

hako ; akiri. 
Rejected, be, v.i. rere. 
Rejoice, v.i. hari; koa; whaka- 

Relation, n. wlianauuga ; huanga; 

uri; tahu; kanokano; epeepe ; 


— (by marriage), kaireperppe; 
pakurvha ; tapakuivha. 

Relax, v.t. ivliakakorokoro ; tuku- 

Relaxing, (as heat), a. parore; 

Relay, n. tanga. 
Release, v.t. tuku. 
Relic, n. aha. 
Relieve, v.t. ivhakahii'ihiri; aivhi- 

na ; wh akakapi. 
Religion, or religious service, 

n. karakia. 
Relished, be, v.i. rekaiiia. 
Reluctance, shew, v.i. oioi. 
Reluctant, a. whakakumu; ivliaka- 

uaua ; tvliPAiaua ; mannultea ; 

Rely, v.i., okioki; whakaivJdri- 

uaki ; wliakaJdhiri. 
Remain, v.i. toe. 

— (stay in a place), v.i. nolio. 
Remainder, n. toenga. 
Remains (of food), n. manga; 

Remark, n. kupu; korero. 
Remedy, n. rongoa. 
Remember, v.t. mahara. 
Remind, v.t, ivhakamalmra. 
Remnant (of an army or tribe), 

n. tnorehu, ; toenga; momolianga ; 

^vhakainakere ; morea. 
Remorse, n. pouri. 
Remove, v.i. haei-e; heke; whati; 

Rent, be, v.i. ngahae; motu; 

pakaru ; pakohu. 




Repair, v. t. hmuja; moanarua; 

11. ni; taioake. 
Repeat, v. t. tuarua ; tarua ; 

piirita; pajyarua; whanga. 
Repent, v.i. iupkneta. 
Replace, v.t. ivhnkahoki. 
Reply, V. t. wltakahoki hipu ; 

Report, make a, v.i. ^;a/;a. 
Repress, v.t. j>rJti; tami; tamoe; 

korDjieJiii : ivliakamoroki. 
Reproach, v.t. tau;ai; tauim. 
Reprove, v.t. 7-iri. 
Reptile, u. ngarara. 
Repulsive, a. maiiiiiohea. 
Requited, be, v.i. ea; hei. 
Request, v.t. ki; inoi. 
Resemble, v.i. ahuahua; ahuka- 

Inikn; ariaria; atvhiivhiwhi. 
Resemblance, n, alma; kahua; 

rifpuga ; aria. 
Resentment, she^w, v.i. takarita. 
Reserve, v.t. wailio ; tohu; rongoa 
Residence, n. kainga; whare; 

Resin, n. kapia; ivare; mapara. 
Resinous wood, n. kapara; ma- 
Resist, v.t. tvhawhai; riri; atete. 
Resolute, a. maro; uaua. 
Resound, v.i. j)ako; pakil; paoro. 
Respect, n.koha; wliakaaro ;kotua. 
Respect, v.t. manaaki; wliakaaro. 
Respire, v.i. whakaea; nga; ta. 
Rest, v.i. okioki; tau; tatopua. 
Rest (supjjort), n. pae. 
Resting-place, n. tainnata; oki- 

Restless, a. okeoke ; talmrilmri ; 

ohooho; karangi; ngaio ; rika; 

Restore, v.t. whakahoki. 
Restrain, v.t. pupui'i; pehi; koro- 

2)ehu; here; ■whakatina; whaka- 

ita; nanati. 
— one's feelings, v. i. rvhaka- 

Restrained, be, v.i. 77iau. 

Result, n. iiihoiiga iho. 

Retch, v.i. j>utaiietane. 

Retire, v.i. hoki. 

Return, v.i. hoki. 

— frequently, v. i. hokihoki ; 

Return, v.t. whakahoki. 
Return, u. utit; pehipehi; whaka. 
Reveal, v.t. whakakite, whaka- 

jm.aki; ivhaki; hura. 
Revelling, a. ururua. 
Revenge, v.t. ngaki; takitaki; 

rapu utn. 
Revenge, n. utu; rapunga utu; 

— , object of, n. lUo ; ito. 
Reverberate, v.i. paoro. 
Reverence, v.t. hopohopo. 
Revile, v.t. taitna; tawai; patai. 
Revive, v.t. whakahauora. 
Revived, a. hauora. 
Revolve, v.i. taka. 
Reward, n. utu. 
Rib, n. rara ; taiki; kaokao. 
Rice, n. RAiHi. 

Rich, a. moniona; whai taonga. 
Riddle, n. kai. See sieve. 
Ridge, n. kaweka; hiwi; kahiwi; 

ttoatua; tutuatanga; tau; tau- 

kaka; kaka; kauki; taukauki; 

pae; tawa. 
Ridgepole, n. tahuhu; tauhic; 

Ridges, parallel, n. wakawaka. 
Ridicule, n. taumi; tawai. 
Right, a. tika; totika. 
Right hand, n. matati; katau. 
Rigid, (of the hair), a. puhihihilii. 
Righteous, a. tika. 
Rim, n. ngntu; niao. 
Rind, n. hiako; kiri ; peha ; tapeha; 

Ring, n. kapa; p>07'0whita; ino- 

whiti; koropewa ; jioria; takaore; 


Ringworm, n. muna; patito. 

tap 296 

Rip, v.t. jjawhai'a. 

Ripe, a. maoa; maoka; maonga; 

pe ; iigoungou ; tangoungou ; 

tangoTungoru ; tangongo. 
Ripped, a. pohaha; jmwhara. 
Ripple, n. kare; puau; maj^u- 

Rise up, v.i. ara ; maranga ; 

wliakatika ; matika ; matike ; 

ttitu ; maea; 2)uea; whakataira- 

ngarmiga ; hapai ; takitaki ; 

whakapuke. — (as the sun), rere. 
Rival, v.i. tawhai. See vie. 
River, n. awa. 
Road, n. huarahi; huanui. 
Roam, v.i. taka; takawhaki. 
Roar, v.i. rara; tangi; watva. 
Roast, v.t. tunu; rangirangi; pa- 

rahunuhunu ; parangunu. 

— slightly, v.t. whakaauau. 

— (on a spit), v.t. hukihuki. 
Rob, v.t. pahua. See plunder. 
Rock, n. kowhatu; kamaka; toka; 

teko; papa; j)urei. 
Rock to and fro, v.t. whaka- 

Rod, n. rakau. 
Roe (of a fish), n. hakari; hua; 

pe; pewa. 
Roll, v.i. hurihuri; taka; taka- 

huri; takaoioi; takaoriori. 
Roll, v.t. hurihuri; whakataka; 


— into a bundle, v.t. pua. 
Roller, n. neke; rango; ngaro. 
Romp, v.i. toa. 
Roof, n. tuanui; moana. 

— overhanging a gable, n. 

— of the mouth, n. pikiarero; 

Room, n. takiwa; wa; wahi; ruma. 
Root, n. putake; take; aka; paki- 

aka; paiaka. 
Root, v.t. ketu. 

Rootlet, n. akaaka; weri; weuweu. 
Root out, v.t. huhuti; unu. 


Rope, n. whakaheke ; taura; ra- 

hiri; kaha ; hutihuti; piae. 
Ropy, a. tataki. 
Rotten, a. jnrau ; pirahau ; koko ; 

2)opo; kurripopo ; manumanu; 

manumanua ; para. 
Rotten "wood, n. jmkorukoru. 
Rough, a. ongaonga ; taratara; 

puwharawhara. — (as the sea), 

a. ugarungaru ; karekare; pohe. 
Roughly, treat, v.t. atete. 
Round, a. porotaka; potakataka. 
Round about, a. awheo ; awhio ; 

taiawhio ; tawhio; taka; taka- 

aivhe ; autaki. 
Round, go, v.t. taawhe; whawhe; 

taka; whakataka; umiki. 

— be travelled, v.i. taawhe. 
Rouse, v.t. whakaara ; whakaoho. 
Row, n. rarangi ; kajya ; aroakapa; 

tira; tutira. 
Row, v.t. hoe. 
Rub, v.t. miri; komiri ; muru ; 

komuru ; muktirmiku ; kanikani; 

ukui; 2>ci''>'Ufu; taruru; hika. 
Rubbish, n. otaota; kapurangi; 

tahinga; para tahinga. 
Rudder, n. uruugi; urunga. 
Ruffled, (in temper), reoreoa. 
Rule, n. tikanga. 
Rumble, v.i. haruru ; ngunguru ; 

koko; wawa; wheoro. 
Rumble, n. whakarurunga. 
Run, v.i. rere; oma; turere; karehe; 


— away, v.i. tahiUi; tatvhiti. 

— over, v.i. huri : tore7ia ; purena; 

— through, v.i. komama; heke. 
Runner, n. kawe; kawai; kawei. 
Rupture, n. whaturama. 
Rush, v.i. amo ; huaki; whakaeke. 

— (as wind), kari; keri; jiukeri. 
Rush (a plant), n. wiwi. 
Rust, n. waikura; parariki. 
Rustle, v.i. ngahehe; ngaehe ; 





Sabbath, u. H.irATi. 
Sack, 11. FEKic. 
Sacrament, n. uakaramkta. 
Sacred, a. tapu; rahtii. 
Sacred place, n. tuaahu; uruahu; 

aliurewa; tvaltitaim; paraiiara. 
Sacrifice, n. i:)atthn(ja tapxi,. 
Sad, a. ponri; niato/poihri ; kiwa- 

kiira; tiwliatiwha. 
Saddle, n. noltoanga hoiho; tera. 
Safe, a. ora. 
Safeguard, n. maru. 
Safety, ora; ormiya. 
Sail, n. ra; komaru; viamaru; 

whakawhiti ; whara. 
— , set, v.i. retva; mamc. 
Sail, v.i. rei'e. 

— together, v.i. kariri. 

— along coast, v.t. liaiimiri. 

— close to the ^vind, v.i. ngo- 

— over, v.t. rere; tahoe. 
Sailed over, be, v. i. reia; rere- 

Sailor, eeuamana. 
Saint, u. tangata tapu. 
Sale, u. hoko. 
Saliva, n. hanare; haware ; htiare; 

Salt, n. TOTE. 
Salt, a. mataitai. 
Salute, v.t. hongi; tangi; olta. 
Salvation, n. oranga. 
Same, a. tana; taxiaake. 
Sanctify, v.t. wliakatapu. 
Sand, n. onepih. 
— , "white, n. onetea. 
Sandal, n. parekereke; korelie; 

Sandbank, n. tahuna. 
Sandfly, n. namu. 
Sap, n. tvai. 
Sap "wood, n. taitea. 


Sapling, n. mahttri; kohuru. 
Satchel, u. pakij)aki. 
Satisfaction, n. utu. 
Satisfied, a. makona ; mana 

ivari'ka; maha; na; ngata. 
Satisfy, v.t. whakana. 
Satisfying, a. nanea; ranea 
Saturday, u. hatarei. 
Sauce, n. khiaki. 
Saucepan, n. hopane. 
Saucy, a. tutu. 
Save, v.t. lohakaora; whakarau- 

ora; (ohu. 
Saved with difficulty, a. oranoa; 

orapito; oraiti. 
Saviour, n. kai-whakaora. 
Savour, n. kakara; ha; reka; 

Savoury, a. kakara; makarakara. 
Saw, u. kani. 
Saw, v.t. kani. 
Sawdust, n. ota; para. 
Sawpit, n. wafv kani rakau. 
Sawyer, n. kai-kani; roia. 
Say, v.t. korero; ki; mea. See 

— prayers, &c. v.i. karakia. 
Saying, n. tvhakatauki; rvhaka- 

taiiaki; kupu; korero; tataku. 
Scab, n. paku. 
Scabbed, a. tongako. 
Scaffolding, n. rangitapu. 
Scalded, be, v.i. wera. 
Scalled-head, n. 2)o,tito. 
Scale, n. inohi; unahi. 
Scapula, n. p>apaahuahua. 
Scar, n. nawe; nawenga; maki; 

Scarce, a. onge; moti; ptUiore ; 

■mokorea; paparoa. 
Scare, v.t. whakahaehae; whaka- 

Scarify, v.t. haehae. 




Scarlet, a. whero. 

Scatter, v. t. titari ; hahu ; tihahu 

hah II ; whakakorakora ; rui; 

whakainarara ; heuheu; hoehoe; 

Scattered, be, v. i. heuheu; ma- 

heu; paon ; mnrara ; koirira; 

tirara; tirangaranga ; tirango- 

rango ; katecdea; mahora; ta- 

koha; ivawa; waivd. 
Scent, emit, v.i. kakara; tiare; 

fiere ; haunga; 'pawa'pawa. 
Schism, n. ivehervehenga. 
Scholar, n. akonga. 
School, n. Kvr<A. 
— , (of whales), n. kauika. 
Scissors, n. kutikuti. 
ScoflFat, v.t. taunu; taivai; patai. 
Scold, v.t. rii-i; whakangutu- 

iigutii; whaurau; kotvhete. 
Scoop, v.t. tikaro ; koko. 
Scorch, v.t. rangirangi; hunu- 

hunu; torotoro ; haliana. 

coriae, n. rangifoto. 
Scoundrel, n. taurekareka. 
Scour, V. i. horoi. 
Scout, n. tutei; titei; tutai. 
Scrap, n. toenga : tapahanga ; 

motuhanga ; maramara; kuha. 
Scrape, v.t. rakuraku; roha- 

wharo; wharowharo ; tahitahi; 

tiwari ; ward ; ivarinvaru ; 

pakeke; haro; kauhoro ; kauoroi; 

tuakuku; harakuku; hakuku. 

— out, V. t. 02)6. 

Scratch, v.t. natu; rakarnka; 
rakuraku ; ope; nanaku; rarapi. 

— one another, v. t. tarirapirapi. 
Scream, v. i. tangi ; koekoe ; 

nyoeugoe ; tiwe. 
Screen, n. arai; patu; hoka; 

jHihoka; hua; rianga ; jyakuka; 

pa patu. 
Screen, v.t. arai; tauarai; pa; 

whakamarumaru ; wkakaruru; 

ri ; rohi. 
Scribe, n. kai-tuhituhi. 

Scrofula, n. jntku; piikaki ; jwka- 

Scrub, v.t. horoi; ukuikui; inuku- 

Scud, n. ao rere,; paroro. 
Sculk, v.i. piri. 
Scull, v,t. ue; koueue. 
Sea, n. nioatia; tai. 
Sea-breeze, n. muritai; wliaka- 

rva ; ha7i moana ; mawake; 

mcMdriki ; patokatoka; pitatci; 

Sea- coast, n. tatahi; tahafai; 

takdtai; tapatai; akau. 
Sea-ear, n. jyaua; marapeka ; ko- 

Sea-urchin, n. kina. 
Seal, n. kekeno; niiRT. 
Seam, n. tuinga. 
Search, v. t. rajni ; haha ; hau- 

rapa; ore; hure. See seek. 
Season, n. iva; j)o. 
Seat, n. nohoanga. 
Sea"weed, n. rimurimu. 
Second, a. rua; tuarua. 

— man killed in battle, n. 

Secret, a. ngaro; puku ; toroj)uku. 

Secretly, ad. pnkn. 

Secretion from the nose, n. 

hiipe; kea. 
Secure, (free from care), takoha; 

Sediment, n. para. 
See, v.t. kite. 
Seed, n. purapura ; hua ; pua ; 

liuri; kakano ; kopjura. 

— potatoes, n. tinaku. 

Seek, v.t. rapxh ; rapa; kimi; 

haliu ; haha; auhaha ; hahau; 

Seem, v.i. ngia. 
Seen indistinctly, be, v.i. aria; 

ivliairo ; wheiro; ivhekori. 
Seer, n. matakite. 
See-saTV, v.i. tiemi. 
Seine, n. kupenga. 




Seize, v.t. hopu; kajw; rarahu; 

TdivJii ; Jicrepu. 
Seized, be, v. i. man. 
Select, v.t. ivhirhvhiri ; kowhiri; 

kowhiti. See pick out. 
Self, u. expressed by uddiug ad. ake 
Selfish, a. mohu. 
Sell, v.t. huko. 
Send, v.t. tono ; ngare; unga; 

Sensitive, (of the ear), rahirahi. 
Sentence, n. kupu. 
Separate, v.t. weheioehe ; momotu; 

heu; ToheroJie; toritori; wawae; 

tawae; kowae. 

— (contcuiding parties), v.t. wawao. 
Separated, be, v. i. maivehe ; 

tauwelie; viotuJuoke ; wawd ; 

takiwa; heuea; viarara; pirara; 

September, n. Hepetema. 
Sere, a. para. 
Sermon, n. kauwhau. 
Serpent, n. nakahi ; neke. 
Servant, n. kai-mahi; jxmonga; 

raid; tnmau; rop)a. 
Serve, v. t. whakarato. 
Served, be, v. i. rato; tu. 
Served, not, a. hapa; ngere. 
Service, n. viahi. 
Set, v.i. to; toene; toreit,gi; toreini; 


— about, v.i. Imri. 

— to, v.i. tukn. 

— afloat, v.t. zvhakareiva. 

■ — in motion, v.t. rang a; takiri; 

— on fire, v.t. tahu; tutu. 

— up, V. t. whakatu. 

— (a trap), v.t. tajnko. 

■ — (snares), v.t. tataki; taiveke. 
Settle, v.i tatu; heke. 
Settled, a. whai. 
Seven, m. ivhitn. 
Seventeen, a. tekau ma whitu. 
Seventy, a. whit^t tekau; hoko- 

Sever, v.t. utoinotu; weliewehe; 

toritori; ivawae. 
Severe, a. inati; pahiha. 
Severed, be, v.i. inotu; tokari. 
i^e'w, V. t. tuitui. 
Shade, v.t. whakaruru; tvhaka- 


— (the eyes), v.t. kopare. 
Shaded, a. inaru; tamaru; tu- 

■iiiaru; taurnaru; paruru; pu- 

Shadow, ri. ata; atarangi; ivai- 

Shag, n. koau; kawau; karuhi- 

ruhi; inajjua; mapunga; aro- 

Shaggy-faced, a. tito. 
Shake, v.i. ngaueue; oioi; rure- 

rure ; 7igarue ; ngateri ; ru; 

tarm-u; oraora; oreore; tanuku- 

nuku ; ngaere; nga2)'a. — (as a 

sail in the wind), kopekojye; 

Shake, v.t. whakangaueue ; wha- 

kaoioi; whakap)oi; ueue; ruru ; 

rupej'upe; ruirui; jnoi. 

— off, v.t. ivJiakangahoro. 

— up (as liquid), v.t. whakakare- 

Shallow, a. pakupaku ; papakih ; 

koralia; jnpipi; pakoa. 
Sham, a. hangareka; hangarau; 

inamiiiga. See deceitful. 
Shame, n.whakama; ngariiigaria. 
Shape, n. ahua. 
Share, n. toahi; hka. 
Shark, n. mango; ururoa; mako; 

tuatini ; reremai ; waingenge ; 

ngengero ; wharepu. 
Sharp, a. koi; tiotio; aneane; 

ngaiigahu; pirata; ratarata; 

ingoi'ugo ; kikoha. 
Sharpen, v.t. oro; whakakoi. 
Shave, v.t. heu ; waru. 
She, pron. ia. 
Sheaf, n. pupu; kakati; paiere; 





Shear, v.t. warn; kutikuti. 

Sheath, n. j)ukoro. 

Shed, n. wharau; pahokahoka; 

Sheep, n. hipi. 
Sheet, n. hiti. 

— (of a sail), n. kotokoto ; waha. 
Shell, n. inipu; kota, — {of an 

egg, &c.), paj)apa. 
Shell, v.t. kowha. 
Shellfish, n. jnpi; kuku; pupu. 
Shelter, v.t. patutu; tawharau; 

Sheltered, a. marumaric ; ricru; 

paruru. See shaded. 
Shepherd, n. hrpara. 
Shield, n. puapua; maru. 
Shin, n. tdtd. 
Shine, v. i. tiaho; whiti; iiti; 

Shining, a. kanapa ; kanapu ; 

kouapu ; korapu ; towahiwahi. 
Shingle (for roofing), n. toetoe. 
Ship, n. kaipuke; pora; hipi. 
Shirt, n. hatk. 
Shiver, v.i. wiri; tuliauiviri ; ha- 

winiiuini; rurntake; hukiki; 

tnrnrntnilai ; t/nriimtcmUmi,. 
Shoal of fish, n. rara; rtmya; 

tn'e ; rrre. 
Shoals, swim in, v.i. wetoki. 
Shoe, n. iiu. 
Shoot, n. tii^pio; jntmv ; kolete; 

tiyno ; pariri; 2^oioio; korito; 

Shoot (as plants), v.i. tupu; pihi; 

ivana; toa; koiata; kohura; 

koropana; koriro ; tvhakangao; 

whakanihoniho ; kokihi ; pokihi; 

Shoot (with a gun), v.t. jiupuhi. 
Shore, n. tahatai; akau. 
Shore, the, n. iita; tahaki ; ra- 

Shorn of branches, a. humu- 

Jmiiiu ; kohtLmulLurini. 
Short, a. poto; takupu; tukekau. 

Short (in height), hakahaka; pa- 

Short (of anything), toe, v.i. ko- 

paka; kui. 
Short stages, make, v.i. iuruki. 
Shorten, v.t. ivlmka/poto. 
Shortened, a. hiknpeke. 
Shove, v.t. kokiri; tokiri; toko; 

tide; 7iaki. 
Shovel, v.t. koko: tikoko. 
Shovel, v.t. tikoko. 
Shoulder, n. pakiJmm; pokowhi- 

7vhi; pokohiwi; 2)eke. 
Shoulder blade, n. prqmahuahua. 
Shout, v.i. karanga; p)arare; ha- 

mamct; haptarangi; umere. 
Shout, n. umere; ho; oi; titihao. 
Show, v.t. whakakite; whakaputa; 

whakaatu; unu; tohutohu. 
Shower, n. ^la; pokaka; atvha; 

tiiaua; tiapo. 
Shred, n. hukahuka; ngakungaku. 
Shreds, reduced to, a. harotu. 
Shrimp, n. potipoti. 
Shrink (from anything), v.i. eti. 
Shrivelled, a. memenge; ngingio; 

kongio ; wheivhengi; kopiika; 

koaha; pidokitoki; mimingo; 

koivhewhe; kutvhetohe; kaiiere; 

taramore ; popoko. 
Shrouds (of a mast), n. po-\ipou. 
Shrub> n. rakau. 
Shrunken, be, v.i. kau^iu; pa- 

koko; pingo'ugo. — (of. the eyes), 

iiiolroririwai ; moriritvai. 
Shudder, v.i. tvini?vini; haivini- 

9vini; ihiihi; oi. 
Shut, v.t. iiaki; kopmd; kopi; pa. 
Shut, be, v.i. kati; kopi; kopiti. 
Shut in, (in a small space), a. 

hni)iaruru ; kapiti. 
Shy, a. maka; hira; matakana; 

Sick, a. mate; kongenge. — (vomit- 
ing), ruaki. 
Sick person, n. iuroro; ngomjo; 

ketoketo; okeoke' Tnaki, 




Sickle, n. TonoNAini. 

Sickness, ii. mate; aitu; koero ; 

Side, 11. kaokao; (aha; hori; iapa; 


— of mouth, n. pakiivaha. 

— (of a river), n. tarawahi. — the 
other, tawahi; raivahi. 

— , further, n. taitua. 

— , on one, a. titaha; mauatara. 

— , on one, ad. ki tahaki; ki 

rahaki; ki ie ivhanga. 
— , go on one, v.i. titaha : whaka- 

tataha ; iiinihi; konihi; tapanihi. 
Side"ways, ad. kotaha; korotaha. 
Sieve, n. tatari; hitari. 
Sift, v.t. tatari. 
Sigh, v.i. mihi; rnapu; ngungum ; 

takiiate ; hotu. 
Sight, out of, a. ngai-o; nunumi; 

heniimi; whenumi; wharitua; 

— , be almost out of, v.i. mone- 

nelnt; morirorlro ; whakanamu- 

oianiu; whakanaonao. 
Sign, n. tohu. 

Signs, make, \.\. tungatxi^nga. 
Signal, n. tohu. 
Silenced, a. kiki. 
Silent, be, v.i. nohojmku; hu ; 

hangu; ivaftaiigu; ivhakangil- 

Silently, ad. hti; puku. 
Sill, 11. pehijjehi; paepae. 
Silly, a. harangi; heahea; ruruwai. 
Silt, n. p>arakiivai ; parahua; kene- 

Silver, n. hiriwa. 
Sin, n. hara. 
Since, conj. i7ia. 
Since, prep, no; no muri i ; i 

muri i; o. 
Sinew, n. tMua. 
Sing, v.i. ivaiata; tautapa; umere; 

kohaii: rehu; tau^ — (accom- 
paniment for dance), haka, — (as 

birds), korihi. 

Singe, v.t. himulLunu. 

Single, a. tapataJd. 

Single person, n. ropa; takakau. 

Single "woman, n. marokan. 

Singly, ad. takitahi. 

Sink, v.i. totohu ; roku. 

Sink (into mud or soft sand), v.i, 

2)owharu ; tapoko. 
Sinker, n. make; maihea. 
Sinner, n. tangata hara. 
Sirius, n. Takurua. ■ 
Sister (of a brother), n. tuahine. 

— (of a younger sister), tnakana. 

— (of an elder sister), teina. 
Sister-in-law, n. auwahine; tao- 

Sit, v.i. noho. 

— on one's heels, v.i. noho 

— around, v.i. popo. 
Site, n. paenga; papa7iga. 
Six, a. 0710. 

Sixteen, a. tekau ma ono. 

Sixty, a. ono tekau; hokoono. 

Size, n. 7-ahi; 7i7n. 

Skeleton, n. koiivi. 

Skilful, a. tohu7iga; mata^i; mo- 

hio ; matanga. 
Skim, v.t. koko ; tikoko. 

— along the surface, v.i. tipi. 
Skin, n. hiako; kiTi;peha; tapeha; 

— , inner, n. ki7'iwai. 
Skin disease, n. hakihaki; ma- 

haki; makimaki; hareliare; 

Skip, v.i. 77ia7vhiti. 
Skull, n. a7igaa7iga ; poa7(,gaanga ; 

papa te angaanga. 
Sky, n. rangi; kiko7-angi ; kahu 

o te 7-angi. 
Slab, n. 77«^x(. 
Slack, a. korokoro ; liangoro ; 

twngatanga; ta7iganga ; kaewa; 

ptungolie. — (of tlie tide), 7nate. 
Slacken, v. t. whakakorokoro ; 





Slant, v.i. hinga; konana; ronaki; 

Slap, v.t. papaki ; pakipaki ; pahia. 
Slate, n. papa; tereti. 
Slaughter, n. paretvhero; taru- 

Slave, n. herehere ; pononga ; 

mokai; taurekareka; taurereka; 

ropa; karokaro; ora ; parakau ; 

Sledge, n. koneke; kopapa. 
Sleek, a. toivaJdwahi. 
Sleep, v.i. moe ; kaikaru. 
— , "wakefully, v.i. moetitoro ; 

— , put to, v.t. whakamoe. 
Sleepy, a. hiamoe; hinarnoe; mo- 

moe ; turamoe. 
Slime, n. ware. 

Sling, n. pere; kopere; kotaha. 
Sling, V. t. piu. 
— , over the shoulder, v. t. 

Slink a^way, v.i. ninihi; U7iu. 
Slip, v.i. hangoro; huhu; kaheko; 

kareko ; karengo ; parengo ; ta- 

pepa; mania; paheke; pahuhu; 

paneke ; koneke; pauhu. — (as 

earth), horo. 
Slippery, a. mania; jxihekeheke : 

Slit, v.t. hahae; hori; koreparejya ; 

Slope, steep, n. ha7-apaki. 
— , gentle, n. pananaki; jxinaki- 

tanga; 2nnakitanga. 
Slothful, a. manger e; rora; pa- 

kill ore. 
Slow, be, v.i. 7-oa; u-hakaroa; 

akuto; akito; auio; 2^^'''^'''^) 

puhoi; taparuru; tiraha; uka- 

uka; taku; turiwhatu; aweke; 

wheru; mangaingai ; wheoro. 
Sludge, n. jjaruparto. 
Slug, n. ngata. 
Smack the lips, v.i. kotamu- 

tamu; tametamg. 

Small, a. nohinohi; iti; meroiti; 
mo7'oiti ; jyaku ; riki; toririki; 
mororiki; j^f^^eke; tupakipaki; 
inahake; makari; wheto; tvhetau; 
rihariha; ngarangara; maka- 
rokaro; ponaho ; momipu ; 

— (in stature), a. poto; tauwhena; 

— kumara, n. takoi-a; piivai ; 
topatopa ; waiari. 

— quantity (of anything), n. 

Smart, v.i. puia. 

Smash, v.t. kopelnipjehu ; taiari; 

Smear, v.t. pani. 
Smeared, a. hawahawa. 
Smell, v.t. hougi; rongo. 
Smell unpleasantly, v. i. pi?'o ; 

hatinga; haruru; koeo; puho- 

Smile, v.i. menemene nga p)apa- 

Smoke, n. paoa ; a%i ; auahi ; rehu ; 

Smoke, v.i. paoa; piongur'a; p)0- 

Smoke, v.t. whakaauau. 
— (a pipe), jiuhipuhi. 
Smooth, a. mae^ieene ; makoha- 

— , make, v.t. tvliakaene; liaro; 

Smoulder, v.i. mohu; 2^onguru; 

Smudge, v.t. iikupara. 
Snag, n. taita. 
Snail, n. ngata. 
Snake, n. }^kke ; xakahi. 
Snap, v.i. motu; whati; ke; jjato. 
Snare, n. reti; rore; tawhiti; 

mahanga; ahere. 
Snarl, v.i. ngengere. 
Snatch, v.t. kapo; hojiu; rawe. 

— from one another, v.t. tau- 
lioaehone; tatango. 

Sneak, v.i. haere toropuku. 




Sneer, v. i. tawai; launu; tvhaka- 

rmcai; whaknhi. 
Sneeze, v. i. tihf;; matihe; tihewa. 
Sniff, v.t. liomjihoiiyi. 
Snore, v.i. lujotigoro. 
Snort, v.i. ngulia. 
Snout, n. ihu. 
Snow, 11. liuka; hukarere ; httka- 

pu tiya ; ]>uaheiri. 
Snowy, a. puhuka. 
Snuffle, V. i. ivlienyuwlioiytt. 
Soaked, a. kopiro; tuku ki te 

Soap, n. Hopi. 
Soar, v.i. whakatopa ; tui; wliaka- 

Sob, v.i. hotu ; whakahotuliotu ; 

ivliakainyoingo \ itiapu. 
Soda, n. HOURA. 
Soft, a. nyawari; nyore; nyolie- 

nyohe; manyohe ; ngorunyoru ; 

ngoungou; tanyounyou; tanyo- 

ngo; pe; kope; korenyarenga ; 

tahoho ; taronna; kutere; oru ; 

taorth; potoharuwliaru. 
Soften, v.t. whakanyawari ; &c. 
Softly, n. ata; mnrire. 
Soil, n. oneone — , red, onekura. 

— , whitish, onetea. 
Soiled, a. poke; paru; kirikiria. 
Sojurn, v.i. 7ioho. 
Soldier, n. iioia. 
Sole (of the foot), n. kapuka^ni ; 

Solid, a. maro; tumaro; painaro; 

pakeke ; paku; pa]}aku. 
— , become, v.i. totoka. 
Solitary, be, v. i. mehameha ; 

inokeraoke ; onyeonye; jmoe; 

Solitary person, n. moke. 
Some, a. Jte; tetahi; etahi; ehinu; 

Son, n. tama; taniaiti; taviaaroa. 
Son-in-law, n. hii,naonya. 
Song, n. waiata ; tau ; pihe ; 

p)uha; whakaoriori; pioriori; 

pioi; matre; nyei-i; ngaringari ; 

rangircmgi ; whakamoJdohio. 
Soon, ad. meake; tare; wmve; 

awe; inangeto. 
Soot, n. mve; kukaivhare. 
Soothe, v.t. whakamarie. 
Sore, a. mate. 
Sore throat, n. katirehe. 
Sorrow, express, v.i. ketekoAe; 

Sorrowful, be, v,i. whakapou- 

rurii; morearea; tuarea; tu 

Sorry, a. jjouri; koingo; konohi. 
Sort, n. tu; tikanga. 
Soul, n. tvairua. 
Sound, n. tangi ; mahia. 
— of voices, indistinct, n. ha- 

imimu; tvarowaro; parcmgeki. 
Sound, v.i. tangi; tatangi ; j^ahu ; 

paku; vara. 
Sound, v.t. whakaiangi. 
Sound (the depth of watei*), v.i. 

tvhakafatutu ; tawewe. 
Sound, (as sleep), a. au. 
— , a. toiora; toitu; uho. 
Sour, be, v.i. i; kawa; tangeo. 
Source, n. 2^ukenga; inatamata; 

laatapuiia ; niatawai. 
South wind, n. tonga ; tonga 

tawahanui; jwu^mii; wita. 
South-east wind, n. 2^'^tonga- 

maranyai ; tonyawaho. 
South-west wind, n. tonyako- 

taratara; tony a ma ru; koko- 

tonya; tony a pjuhuka; taramaro. 
Southern parts, n. tonga; runga. 
Sow, v.t. rui. 
Sowing time, n. koanya. 
So'w-thistle, n. puwha; porortia; 

7'auriki; rauroroa; wekeweke; 

Space, n. takiwa; wa; tiriwa. 
Spade, n. puka; lioto; karehu; 

kaheru; ko; tihou; hapara; ho. 
Spar, n. rakan,. 
Spare, v.t. tohu. 




Spark, n. korakora. 
Sparro-w-ha^wk, n. karearea; 

kaeaea; kaiaia; kauaua. 
Speak, V, i. ki; kiki; koroki; 

kuihi; korero ; taki; ivliakatu. 

— frequently, v. i. kujmkuj^u ; 
2)otete; kmvafau; kohau. 

— indistinctly, v. i. hcumimu. 

— ill of, v.t. hanihani. 

Spear, n. matia; tao ; kokiri; 
huata; hoata ; kaukau; tiinaia; 
tmUu; here; matarau. 
Spear, v.t. wewero; here. 
Spear -grass, n. taramea. 
Speck, n. kora; tongi. 
Speckled, a. toyigitonyi ; tiiigo- 

tiiiyo; kotingotingo. 
Spectacles, n. kanohi mowhiti; 

karu moichiti. 
Speech, n. ki; korero; reo; taki; 

— , dying, n. oha. 
— , make a, v.i. whaikorero; 
whaiki; taki; whakataki; tvha- 
katau ; whakatu. 
Speed, n. hohoro; tere. 
Spent, be, V. i. pau; heme; ma- 
hiti; pareho; moti; pareko ; 
Sperm-whale, n. paraoa. 
Spider, n. puiigawereivere ; j^«i- 

— , venomous, n. katipo. 
Spike, n. taratara. 
Spill, v.iBtwhakapokarekare. 
Spilled, a. maringi. 
Spin, v.t. miromiro ; karure. 
Spinach, N.Z., n. kokihi; renga- 

Spine, n. itvituara^'o. 
Spines, n. tara; taratara; tuai- 

tara; wehitvehi; wanatvana. 
Spirit, n. wairua; para. 
Spiritless, a. haud; hauaitu. 
Spirt, v.i. hirere; 2^(f'tl. 
Spit, n. hukihuki; kohiku ; kohoka. 
Spit, v.i. tuwha; puwJia. 

Spite, n. riri pakupaku. 
Spittle, n. ware; huare; haware; 

hauivare; huwhare. 
Splash, v.t. ^raii; pohutuhutu; 

Splashed, a. ivhekuwheku. 
Splice, v.t. hone; haumi. 
Splinter, n. maramara. 
Split, v.t. ivawahi; tata; titore; 

ihi; koreparepa; nakunaku; 

totoe; toetoe; toretore; tiara; 

tiivara ; kotvha. 
Split, v.i. akoako; koara; toihi; 

koihiihi; kotata; inatata; nga- 

tata; matitore; ngawha ; j)ohaha; 

kotvha; koivhewhe. 
Spoil, v.t. whakakino; whakaroi- 

roi; fakakino. 
Sponge, n. j)ungorungoru ; kopu- 

2ndai ; hautai. 
Sponge (on others), v.i. kaimdtai. 
Spongy, a. kopuka; koputoitoi. 
Sponsor, ii. maluaatua. 
Spontaneously, ad. oioa. 
Spoon, n. koko ; hako; PUUNU. 
Sport, v.i. wltakangaio ; takaro. 
Spot, n. tongi; tiivha; korotiwha; 

tore; koha. 
Spotted, a. korotiwhatiwha; ko- 

tiivhatiivlia ; kotingotingo ; jjure- 

Spouse, n. makau; tahu; hoahoa. 
Spout, n. korere. 
Sprained, a. takoki; tanoi; ta- 

noni; taui. 
Spray, n. nehutai; rehntai. 
Sprawl, v.i. takawhetawheta. 
Spread, v.t. xohariki; horahora; 
wheivhera ; rauroha ; towha ; 
Spread abroad, be, v.i. marara; 

tirara; viaJiora. 
Spring up (from a bent position), 
v.i. korowhiti ; kowhiti; mahiti; 
whana; kotvhana; turajm. 
— , (in the mind), v.i. toko; ko- 




Spring, n. whann. — (of water), 

- — , hot, n. puia; iignwhn : n</a- 

whariki; waiariki. 
Spring tides, n. taitai nunui. 
Sprinkle, v. t. fa ; uwhiu?vhi ; 

tat tin. 
Sprinkling (of rain), a. ivhaka- 

Sprit, n. titoko ; takotokoto; tala- 

koto ; kotokoto. 
Sprout, V. i. pihi: fupu ; whaka- 

tigao; toroihi; torokiki ; kohura ; 

Sprout, n. tupu; tiyao; monehu. 
Spur, 11. Kir A. — (of a hill), see 

Spy. n. titei; tutei; tutai. 
Squall, n. pokaka; rojnt ; apu; 

Square, a. fapawha; porowha. 
Squeak, v.i. kotokoto; titi; pipi. 
Squeal, v.i. nyawi. 
Squeeze, v.t. rami; roromi; ta- 

tau ; whakate ; korote ; kote ; rajni 
Squid, n. ngu; wheke. 
vSquint, v.i. keko; karapa; tiwha. 
Stab, v.t. oka; were; pumuka. 
Stable, n. TKPARA. 
Stack, n. pu; whakapu; katihi; 

tireki; rangitihi; pakoro. 
Stack, v.t. pii ; whakapu; whaka- 

pipi; tapae. 
Staff, n. tokotoko ; tuinipou. 
Stage, n. paparalbi; vara; pou- 

rewa; imhara; kotaretare; ata- 

— (for storing food), n. whata; 

koinanga ; timanga ; pataka ; 

pouraka ; poutaka. 
Stagger, v.i. hurori; hirori; tu- 

rorirori; tapepa; tatutatu ; hti- 

Stained, a. poke; pe. 
Stairs, n. araivhata. 
Stake, n. poupou; tia; tirau ; 


Stake (for a net), n. ririwai; tan- 

Stallion, n. TAitrANA. 
Stalk, n. kakau; to; koronuke; 

tautiuke; takakait; lata; irha- 

— , thro-w up a, v. i. toa. 
Stanched, be, v.i. utu. 
Stand, v.i. tu; whakatika; wlia- 


— on end, (as hair), v.i. nioihi; 

Star, n. whetii. 

Stare, v.i. hinaiia; wliete ; titiro 

makutu; kaiiakana ; pukana. 
Start, v.i. oho; ohomauri; oho- 

rere; hukihuki ; tuniu; ivhiti; 

takiri; fainaki; pore. 

— aside, v.i. hipa. 

— (on a journey), v.i. whakatika; 
ivhakawaha; hapai; hiki; ma- 


Startle, v. t. whakaoho. 

Starve, v.t. whakatiki; whaka- 

Starved, a. hauaitu; hikoko; ina- 

Station, n. teihana. 
Statue, n. ivhakapakoko. 
Stay, v.i. noho. 
Stay, n. hokai; puwhetiua; pu- 

Steady, a. parnaro; u; ronaki. 
Steady, v.t. whakau; whakama- 

Steal, v.t. tahae; whanako ; tvhe- 

nako ; kaia; keia; tupia. 
Stealthily, go, v.i. whakahengi; 

whakapapa; k^ipajm; ninild; 

whakaiiinihi ; konihi; tapanild; 

whakamoho ; wh akamomoka ; 

Steam, n. korohxh; koromalm ; ko- 

roahu; korowhatiake ; mai)iaha; 

mamaoa; tokakaua ; whanake. 
Steamer, n. tuia. 
Steamy, a. pumahu. 




Steep, a. poupou ; fu/ioe; tupari- 

pari : ninihi; tahato; takau. 
— , make, V. t. manihi. 

— ascent, n. kakanitanya ; pn- 

— roof, n. rongoniaiora. 
Steep, v.t. kopiro; fiiku; lutu. 

— (in vegetable dye), htivai. 

-— in hot water, ivJtuknkapowai. 

Steeped, ;i mora. 

Steer, v.t. nruwji; ue; koue; 

Stem, u. tata ; to; toto; tinana. 
Stench, n. j^iro; iLaunga. See 

Step, V. i. hikoi. 
Step (of a ladder, (fee.) n. pae; 

Stern, ii. kei; paremata ; ta; noko. 
Sternpost (of a canoe), n. rapa ; 

Steward, n. tohunyarua ; tuari. 
Stick, 11. raknu; tokotoko; tnr'u- 

farii; tco. 
Sticks for procuring fire, ii. 

kauahi : kaunoti ; kaureure ; 

kauri ma r im n ; kaikoh lire ; peh i ; 

Stick, \.l. oka; wero : teo; titi; 

poupou; tia; tiatia; tihoka. 

— V. i. piri; rapa; ti. 
Sticky, a. tataki. 
Stiff, a. maro; pakeke. 
Stifle, V. t. nanati. 
Stifling, a. pong ereng ere. 
Stile, n. koronae; ivhakatungangi. 
Still, a. marie. 

— water, n. pu7-oto; tvai whnkn- 

Still, ad. a^io. 

Sting, V.t. kakati; wero. 

Sting-ray, n. uhai; pakanrua ; 

rt'po ; roha ; topatopa; toretore. 
Stingy, be, v.i. atuapo; kaiponu; 

hakure; kaihakere; manaivapo- 

por&; pitokite; tohe; nieko; mnhil; 


Stink, V. i. piro ; luni itgn, hararii ; 

hirearen ; k'ntokeiw; puho}iga ; 

Stir, V. t. kororirori. 
Stirrup, n. tab a re. 
Stitch, V. t. tiiifui. 
Stockade, u. j>a , katua. 
Stocking, n. roKKXA. 
Stomach, u. puku; polto. 

— (')f a shark), n. koki. 

Stone, u. kamaka; kowhatu : po- 
ivliatu; toka ; teko; kongnlhu; 

— (of fruit), anga; uganga; ka- 

Stool, n. TUiiU. 

Stoop, v.i piko; korojnko ; tuohu; 
tapapa; kupapa; tupoupou ; tau- 
tuku; rumaki; wharara. 

Stop, v.i. tn. 

-- v.t. })i/pu7'i; arai; pa; puru; 

— (a gap), tiritva. 
Stopped up, be, v. i. jmni. 
Store, n. Til A. 

Storehouse, n. pataka; patengi- 

fcngi; ichotn : irhatarangi; irha- 

Storm, n. pokaka; (vpuhi; awha; 

Stormy, a. tatahan.. 
Stouthearted, a. manaivauui. 
Straggle, v.i. marara; ichaka- 

ar/wa : See stray. 
Stragglers, n. tanganga. 
Straight, a. fika ; totAka ; mahora. 
Straighten, v.t. >rhnkatika; icha- 

Strain, v.t. f atari. 
Strained, (as the eyes), a. mata- 

toua ; ivaia; matawaia. 
Strainer, n. tafari. 
Strand (of a rope), n. kanoi. 
Strange, a. ta,ii,; ke ; tanhou ; 

wJcanoke ; iupua. 

— tribe, n. tauitri. 

— land, n. tauwhenua. 




Stranger, n. (hhIiuh: imnun-K : 

jinhTf ; 1,11111' HI' : mn ih'ih-. 
Strangle, \A. hkhhH : iKumti: 

((tniiKi ; titrorc. 
Straps (l>y wliic'li ;i lo;ul is cai-iied 

on tlio hack), n. kaivi' ; kdlidki. 
Straw, II. f((f<i-; tdkak-aii. 
Stray, v. i. ))iarar<( ; wJiakaivnityi : 

titi; afifi : kofifi; nfliithi : ixd- 

Stream, n. munnn. 
Street, n. Intdrahi: JnonniL 
Strength, n. /.(i/in ; lu/ol: koiiri ; 

iKjolii' : ivhiriknkd. 
Strengthen, v.t. ivJi<ik<(k<(lni : 

Strenuous, a. uaiKt ; takare. 
Stretch, v.t ivli(il,((i}i'ir(> : rfmt; 


— with a pole, v.t. flfako. 

— the arms (in .swiimning), v. i. 
faJtop ; tatrlud. 

— the hand, v.i. ivhai.iro. 

— the legs, v.i. Jiokari: wliaroro. 

— the neck, v. i. irhdiinoihio : 

— oneself out, \.i. tunt -. tanioro: 
iieinei; ichakfDifhif'i : ji f/ei )/;//'% : 
H'h akn nycim/ei. 

Stretched, be, v.i. niKro. 

Stride, a-, i. liikoi. 

Strike, v.t. jxifii, ; pafuki ; idtnka- 

ruke; Ike; paikc ; /utn ; Iid/utii: 

pao : ftiki. 

— (with tlie, \.t. kiirn.; nmfo: 

■ — (tire), v.t. 7-ehti. 

— out (a patli), v.t. pokd. 

— out, (as in swimming), v i. 

String, n. dint : (ot .• /d^i .• fioi.- pond. 
Strip off, v.t. /loffihoir ; liuJui. ; 

iiJdd'c; okdoka ; pi(ik(wkd, ; kari- 

kdf} ; paoj)d.o. 
Striped, a. ivhakaknkdkukd : td- 

hekeheke; lohakdhfkelieke; taivn- 


Stripped of branches, a. htimu- 

/i din II ; iidiri'/idif/'. 
Strive, v.i. ir/dikdinutu; okf ; tohe. 
(with another^ v.i. whdkatae- 

fdi'; tdii.irlidinijn : tdiawlidinga; 

— fruitlessly, v. i. parau. 
Stroke, v. t. /lokomirirniri. 
Stroll, V. i. Jiai'.rfi've. 
Strong, a. kaJid ; pdkdlui ; inaroro ; 

iKjolH'inpiJd'; did riiJi'i roJii; pakari; 

dkddkd ; rird. 
Struck, be, v.i. iu; whara; pa. 
Struggle, v.i. oke. 
Stu.bborn, a. k/'ke : tvhakakeke ; 

t did : turi ; poturi ; whakatuturi ; 

Stiiff up, v.t. puru; purupuru. 
Stuffed up, a. kopuru. 
Stumble, v.i. fn.hiki: tatu; hirori; 

Id riiririiri. 
Stump, n. tdiiiu; kutumu; take. 
Stunted, a. ImrutMe; lioufete ; 

kurdtelp: pd1ctp,lp.; liutotoi; liu- 

to'itoi : kd ruldiJoi ; kurvtote ; 

piikiki: /niJokifoki ; putoti. 
Stupefied, be, v. i. por'eivareivd. 
Stupefy, \. t. wJiakdJiauranyl. 
Stupor, 11. pdJioahoa. 
Subject (of argument, tkc), n. 

Subside, v. i. riviu ; tangard/do ; 

Id'h' : tdku; zvhakaniauru. 
Substitute, n. ivhakakapi. 
Subtract, v.t. tango. 
Siiccessor, n. ivhakakapi. 
Succour, v.t. awhina; piki hcra- 

iKjd ; fdiitaaivhi. 
Such, pron. pp.npi; pena; pera. 
Such a one, n. Mea. 
Suck, v.t. momi ; viofp; ngote. 
Suck, to give, v.t. loliakangotc 
Sucker, n. turuki. 
Sudden, a. fata; loliakaeke lata; 

d-Iidivliati fata. 
Suddenly, ad. tvJiakarere. 
Suffer, v.i. mamae; mate. 




Sufficient, a. ranea; nanca ; ro 

aka; rawaka. 
Suffocate, v.t. nonoti. 
Sugar, n. HUKA. 
Suitable, be, v. i. tan; haratau; 

Suited, be, v.i. rawe. 
Sulky, a. pokeke; ivhakatumata- 

kuru; tumatatenga. 
Sulphur, n, whanariki; kupapa- 

Summer, n. raumati. 
Summit, n. keo; keokeonga; tei- 

tei; tihi; toitoi. 
Summon, v.t. tutu. 
Sun, n. ra; maniaru; kotna^'u. 
Sunbeam, n. hihi; toko. 
Sunburnt, a. manauri. 
Sunday, n. Eatapti. 
Sunrise, n. whitinga a te ra; pu- 

tanga o te ra; rerenga o te ra. 
Supper, n. iiAPA. 
Supple, a. ngore; ngohengohe; 

Supplement, v. t. turuki. 
Support, n. ueha; whakawhirina- 

kitanga; tuara. 
Support, v.t. whakau; pupuri; 


— (a sick or infirm person), v. t. 
tautinei; tauflfl. 

— (in fighting), v.t. piki turanga; 

— oneself, v. i. taujma. 
Suppose, v.i. whakaaro ; ki ; inea. 
Suppress, v.t. ajmru; purupuru; 

puripuri; taawhi; tatanii ; ivha- 

Suppurate, v.i. pe; taematuku. 
Sure, feel, v.i. mataii,; mohio. 
Surf, n. huka tai; tai tvhati; kare- 

Surface, n. kahu. 
Surfeited, be, v.i. morururu; 

ngarurn; motulii. 
Surpass, v.t. Jdpa. 
Surprise, express, v.i, ketekete; 

ngetengete ; ngongoro. 
Surprise, v.t. komutu; hopu. 
Surrender, v.t. ttiku. 
Surround, v.t. mui; ohu; pihao; 

karapoti; karajwi; whakataka; 

awhe; pae. 

— with an enclosure, v. t. pa- 

— with a border, v. t. riparipa. 
Survivor, n. morehu. 
Suspend, v. t. whakairi; whaka- 

noi; ivhakawerewere ; whakateki. 
Suspended, be, v.i. moiri. 
Suspense, n. tokopa. 
Suspicious, be, v. i. tupato; 

oivhiti; hihira; mohio. 
Swagger, v.i. tamaramara; wha- 

Swallow, v.t. horo; horomi; wha- 


— saliva, v.i. tanuMi. 
Swamp, n. hu; inaata; mate; 

ngaeki; repo; korepo. 
Swampy, a. koreporepo. 
Swarm, v.i. heke; ngahun; nga- 

hue; mui ; karamuim,ui ; pohilhii ; 

Swarm, n. pokai; rapoi. 
Swear, v.i. oati. 
Sweat, n. kakawa; tota; tokakawa. 
Sweep, v.t. tahi; tarake; puruma. 
Sweet, a. reka. 
Sweeten, v.t. whakareka. 
Sweetheart, n. whaiaipo. 
Swell (of the sea), n. amai: huam,o. 
Swell, v.i. pupnhi; pukn; koro- 

puku ; touwha; whakaahu; toko ; 

whang ai ; puke; liuaino. 
Swelling, n. puku; uruhumu ; 

Swift, be, v.i. hohoro; tere; tipi. 
Sw^im, v.i. kau; kauhoe; kautahoe; 

Swing, n. morere; piu; kopiujnu; 

poipoi; moari. 
Sw^oUen, a. tetere; inatakoma; 





Swoon, V. i. heino. 
Sword, n. HO A HI. 

Symptom, n. tohu. 
Synod, n. iiin(ita. 

Tabernacle, n. tapenakara. 
Table, n. paparahua; tepara; 


Tack, V. i. waihape. 

Tail, n. ivnei'o; hiawaero; hiawero; 
hiore; -ivhiore. — (of a fish), 
hiku. — (of an eel), tarapuremu. 

Take, v.t. tango. 

— care of, v.t. rongoa; tiaki. 

— up, v.t. kohi; naiinau; ma^i. 
by handfuls, v.t. ao; ka- 


(a crop), v.t. hauhake. 

on the back, v. t. ivhaka- 


— possession of (another's 
goods), v. t. taummiu. 

— from one another, v.t. ta- 

— to one side (from Hre, &c.) 
v.t. taki. 

— out fire from (an oven ), v. t. 

— off (clothes, (fee.) v.t. unu. 
Taken off, be, (as clothes), v. i. 

Talent, n. taranata. 
Talk, v.i. korero ; koroki. 

— in sleep, v.i. nwenanu. 
Tall, a. Toa; teitei; ikeike; tiketike; 

Tame, a. rata. 
Tame, v.t. inhakarata. 
Tamper with, v.t. poroma. 
Tap, n. korere. 
Taper, v.i. Jwiki; huine; kaweto- 

weto ; kawitiwiti. 
Tap-root, n. more. 
Tarpauling, n. taporexa. 
Taste, v.t. ronyo. — of (anything) 

v.i. minamina. 

Taste, n. lia. 

Taste, having an unpleasant, 

(of the mouth), a. tawaha. 
Tattoo, v.t. ta. 
Tattoo marks, n. moko; hotiki; 

titi; tiwhana ; kape; ngu; po- 

ngieiigie; kaive; paepae; koroaha, 

pupuwai; putaringa. 
Taunt, v.t. taivai; taunu. 

Tax, n. TAKOHA. 

Tea. n. n. 

Teach, v.t. ako; whakaako; wha- 

kaiiiatau ; tvhakamohio. 
Teachable, a. ngawari ki te ako. 
Teacher, n. kai-whakaako ; puke- 

tiga; tauira. 
Teaching, n. akoranga. 
Teapot, n. TIP AT A. 
Tear, v.t. haehne; ngahae; uoeku. 
Tear, n. roimata. 
Tears, be filled w^ith, v.i. nmia; 

matawaia ; matatoua. 
Tease, v.t. tawai; whakatoi; rna- 

kitaunu; whakangari; whanga- 

Teat, n. w. 
Tell, v.t. ki; korero; niea. 

— privately, v.t. muna; whakapa. 
Temple, n. rahirahinga. 

— (religious building), n. temepara. 
Tempt, v. t. ivhakamatautau; 

Temptation, n. ivhakaniafaiUan- 

ranga ; rcltakaicainga. 
Ten, a. tekau : ngahuru; tinga- 

Jmrji ; hokotahi; ngaiviri. 
Ten fathoms, measure of, n. 

Tend, v.t. aJru; aJiuahu; iuma; 

tapuJti; penapena; taute ; ku- 





Tender, a. luiawarl; ayohengoh' ; 

Tendon, n. nana. 
Tendril, a. ihi; toihi. 
Tenour, n. ku; ranyi : ivaUioe. 

Tent, 11. TKNETl. 

Termination, n. irmtiinya; poro- 

iiya; tvhitkaotinya ; jjoro/utaki- 

tanya . 
Tern, n. tara. 
Terrible, a. wehi; mataku. 
Terrify, v. t. whakamntaku ; ivha- 

kawehi; tini. 
Terror, n. lop.hi ; mataku; Itopl: 


— object of, n. tupua. 
Testament, u. kawks'ata. 
Testicle, n. rako. 
Testify, v.t. ivhakaata. 
Than, conj. i. 

Thank, v.t. whakapai; ivJiaka- 
whetai. I thank you; E tika 

That, pron. ■jVt; tena ; leva. 

— (before mentioned), pron. taiia. 

That place, time, or circum- 
stance, n. u near the per.son 
addressed, kana; fS away from 
tlie person addressed, reira. 

That, conj. kia. — In order 

that, kia — ai. 
Thatch, v.t. tajKifih : afo: fnmki; 

Thatch, n. toptof. 

— "without, a. takahotfa. 
The, art. Ip; pi. nya. 

Theft, n. taliat': kaia : ki'la; vr/uf- 

Their, pron. to rataa : fa ralon : 

td rana; ta raua : o r<(fnii ; a 

rafoii : n raua; a raua. 
Then, ad. voiei; iana ; ati: nfi; 


— (at that time), ad. ko reira; no 
reira; nokmia; kataJii. 

Thence, ad. /' reira. 

There, ad. na; ra; ana; ara; 

tend : tera : r^rei ; kei koua ; kei 

k(i : kei reira; hei koiuc, iko. ; 

i koitit, &v. : kcina: raii/a: raka: 

Thereby, ad. na reira; ina reira; 

na koita : ma kona.; na konei; 

inn kniii'i. 
Therefore, conj. kola; rao reira; 

mo kona; mo konei. 
These, pron. enei; anei. 
They, [iron, rafoa ; rafau; rdmd. 
They two, pron. ran((. 
Thick, a. matotoru; inatalenyi ; 

Thicken, v.i. eke; ete. 
Thicket, n. nye; taeo. 
Thief, n. tahae; wlianako; whe- 

na.ko ; kaia; keia ; tolte. 
Thieve, v.t. tahae; whanako. 
Thigh, n. Iiiucha: kutvha. 
— front of, n. tahan. 
Thin, a. rahiralii; koraJtiralii ; 

anyiaiiyi. See lean. 
Thine, pron. nan: noa ; iiahau ; 

Thing, n. mea. 
Think, v.i. mea; maltara; liiia; 

toldi; a-Jiakaaro ; ki. 
Third, a. tuatom: torn. 
Thirsty, n. inatetmi ; liiainn ; ivJie- 

Thirteen, a. trk/m ma torn. 
Thirty, a. tora tekati,; liokotorn. 
Thither, ad. /./ reira. 
This, pri'ii. tenri : It-na. 
This place, time, or circum- 
stance, 11. I.'oni'i. 
Thistle, n. porornn. piuuha. 
Thorough, a. totopu; nyaio. 
\ Thoroughly, ad. afa; marire; 

nya io. 
i Those, pron. ena;era; ana; ara; 

Thou, pron. koe. 
Thought, 11. maliara ; a-hakaaro; 

Thousand, a. mano. 




Thread, n. miro; tahftf. 

— to fasten bait to a fish-hook, 

n. takefi'kf'Vf. 
Thread on a string, v.t. tui ; 

Thread-wornx, w. iroiro. 
Threaten, v.t. whakawefi ; wJia- 

kdici'hi : tafnkn ; tokiUakii ; ka- 

Threatening rain, a. lakare.ko. 
Three, a. torn: teiuji; rnati'ityi. 
Three days ago, ad. iruwakenui. 
Thresh, v.t. tchiu; patri,. 
Threshold, u. paewai. 
Thrice, ad. iuatoru. 
Thrill, v.i. ihiihi; koihiihi; waua- 

Throat, n. korokoro ; kaki. 

— of a fish, ji. jiorotigaua. 
Throb, V. i. kapakapn ; panapana. 
Throne, n. torona. 

Throng, v.t. popo; taniuimni. 
Throughout, ad. pvta voa i; 

tail i. 
Thro"w, v.t. maka; panga; pere: 

rcJtiu; pororvhiu : riringi. 

— away, v.t. akiri; aui'u; ruke. 

— down, V. t. whakataka ; ivhakn- 
hnro : irliakaJiinga ; turaki. 

— w^ith a string, v. t. piu. 

— one by one, v.t. tiri. 

— oneself down, v. i. taruke. 
Thrum, n. patapata; hukahuka; 

Thrust endw^ise, v.t. kokiri; 
toklri; uaki. 

— in, v.t. kokomo; tihoka ; kuhii. 
Thrust, n. reke. 

Thud, n. takunt. 
Thumb, n. koromatua ; konui. 
Thump, V. t. kuru ; moto. 
Thunder, n. tvhatitiri; whaitiri. 
Thursday, n. Tairei; Taitei. 
Thus, ad. penei. 
Thwart, v.t. taupare. 
Thwart, n. taumnnu^ kereiu; 
kiato ; tauware. 

Thy, pron. tau; tou; to; mi; ou ; o- 
Tickle, v.t. tvhakakoekoe; whaka- 

Tickling sensation, n. i-pkareko,. 
Tide, n. tai; korihirihr ; ngaehe. 
Tide-bore, n. roren. 
Tidings, n. rongo. 
Tie, v.t. here; tahere ; hohou; 

rvJiaichau; houwere; hotiki; idko; 

pona ; talan; tchitiki; puiiki; 

whakaiiki ; ivhitoki; runa; ruru; 

Inroi; roiroi; ta^ctvhurhi; pu- 

tete; nati. 

— in bundles, v.t. pxipu; putoi- 
tol; herepti; tautaii. 

Tiger, n. taika. 
Tight, a. mau; kiki; if a; kiia. 
Tighten, v.t. tvhakakiki; whaka- 

— by twisting, v. t. manene; mi- 
mira ; toiiteka. 

Till, prep, taea noatia. 

Tilt, v.t. ^vhakatitaha; hovgn. 

Timber, n. rakau. 

Time, u. tea; /akiwa; taima. 

— give, to rowers, v.i. hautu; 

Timid, a. wehi; mataku; hurangi; 

kopipi ; piwho)'e7-e; taitea; wha- 

kakumu . 
Tinder, n. whakaka. 
Tingle, v.i. titi; tloro; paorooro ; 

wheoro; mania. 
Tip, n. matamata; koinga; hiku ; 

Tired, a. ngenge; mauiui; hoha. 

►See w^eary. 
Tiresome, a. porearea; towene 

To, prep, ki; ko. 
Toast, V. t. tunu. 
Tobacco, n. tupeka. 
To-day, ad. aianei; akuanei ; ina- 

ianei; nonaianei. 
Toe, n. matimati; koikara ; inati- 

karo : matihao ; maihao. 

— great, konui; koromatua. 




Toe, little, koroiti; toiiti; toiti. 
Together, ad. tahi; ngatahi; nga- 

tatahi; topuni ; kopuni; peta- 

Toil, n. mrunnld; lohakauaua. 
Token of regard, n. maimai; 

Tomb, n. urupa; rua tihpapaku. 
To-inorro"w, ad. apopo; akengo- 

Tongs, take up with, v. t. kara- 

kape ; pinohi; finolii. 
Tongue, n. arero. 
Too, conj. hoki; ano. 
Tool, iron, n. whao. 
Tooth, n. niho; rei. 

— decayed, n. tunga; or niho 

Toothache, n. nihoiunga; tunga. 
Top, spinning, n. potaka; kaiho- 

taka; kaitaka. 
Top, the, n. runga. 

— of a tree, n. kamata ; kahiku 

Topknot, n. reke; tiki tiki; ngoi; 

ngoungou ; koukou. 
Torch, n. rania; roherohe. 
Torment, v.t. whakmnamae. 
Torn, be, v.i. tarerarera ; pakaru; 

ngahae; ngaeke ; ngawhewhe. 
Tortuous, a. koiro. 
Toss, V. t. 2>if^ > inaka ; ivhiu. 
Totter, v.i. ngaueim ; oioi; huoioi ; 

ngarue ; tatutatri ; t^irori ; lapepe. 
Touch, v.t. pa; 7ulwjkapa; whaka- 


— -without attracting notice, 
V. t. tanware. 

Tough, a. uaua; niaro. 

Tow, v.t. toto; ktikume; laki. 

Tow, n. hungahnnga. 

Towards, prep, ko; ki; whaka 

Towel, u. r AVER A. 

Tower, n. taumaihi; rangi. 

Town, n. taonk. 

Toy, n. ivhakapataritari ; kai. 

Trace, n. makenu; mokenu^mona 

Track, n. ara; kiwi. 
Track, v.t. takitaki. 
Trade, v.i. Iwko; hohoko. 
Tradition, n. tukunga iho; rvhaka- 

rerenga iho. 
Trailing behind, a. akuto; auto. 
Trailing stem (of gourd, &c.) n. 

Trample upon, v. t. takahi. 
Transgress, v.t. ngau ke. 
Transient, a. tuao. 
Translate, v. t. whakawhiti. 

— into the N. Z. language, v. t. 

Transparent, a. marama keho- 

keho ; puataata; piata. 
Transplant, v.t. hiki; huaranga. 
Trap, n. rore; tawhiti; karau; 

tarahanga. — (for crayfish), 

Travel, v.i. haere. 

— through bushes, v.i. muhu. 
Travelled round, be, v.i. tapoi; 

Traveller, n. tangata haere. 
Traverse, v.t. umiki. 
Treacherous, n. konihi. 
Tread, v.t. takahi. 
Treasure, n. taonga; puiaki; to- 

Tree, n. rakn.u; tuhiwi. 
Tremble, v.i. wiri; tuwiri; hu- 

')igoing<) i ; huoioi. 
Trencher-friend, n. muremure. 
Trial, n. tvhakamatauranga. 
Tribe, n. haqni; iwi; ika; pori; 

Tribute, n. takoha. 
Trickle, v.i. hoho; heke; koreto; 

toto; makuru; maturuturu. 
Trinity, n. tokotoru. 
Trip up, V. t. hirau. 
Troop, n. matua; ika; ngohi; ope. 
Trot, V i. toi. 
Trouble, n. aitua; he; marehe- 

rehe ; molio. 
— , have, V. i. maki; raru. 




Troublesom.e, a. mUaia;whanoke; 

iv)i (iiK/aivhanfja. 
Trough, n. knmo.te; oko ; hake. 
Trousers, n. tarauticte; tarau; 


True, a. pono; pononga. 

— (as an interjection), he ata; he 

Trumpet, n. telere. 

Trunk (of a tree), n. tinana; 

lakdh i. 
Trust, n. ivhakaj^ono. 
Truly, ad. koia; koa; ina; ahua; 

aheiha; aiiakoia. 
Truth, n. pono; pononga. 
Try, v.t. whakamatau. 
Tub, n. TAPU. 
Tuesday, n. Turki. 
Tuft, n. purekireki; ^;M7'eirei; 

])urepi(,re ; p7ihi])Jihi. 
Tufted at the top (as a tree), 

Tum.ble, v.i. hinga; taka. 
Tumour, n. puku. 
Tum.ult, n. nganga; ngangare. 
Tune, n. rarigi. 
Turkey, n. pijnin. 
Turn, n. noni; piko. 
Turn, v.i. huri; tahuri; hui'iaro ; 

hurikiko; taka; titaka; wairori. 

— v.t. huri; trJiakatahuri. 

— aside, v.i. hi2)a; tohipta; peau; 
auraki; 2>^ka; tapeka. 

— away, v.i. trm. 

— back, v.i. hoki. — v.t. tvhaka- 

— from side to side, v. i. 
whakatahiifaha; titakataka. 

— inside out, v.t., hurikonro; 

— on hinges, v. i. kongangenga- 

— over and over, v. i. titaka- 

— round and round, v.i. amio- 
viio ; arohirohi ; takamingo- 
miiigo. — v.t. koumuumu. 

— the back, v.i. Ituri kotua. 

— upside down, v.t. huripoki; 
Utapoki; k<tiUiuri; kohure. 

Turned over and over, be, v.i. 

porofaitaka ; poiailaka. 
Turning, u. pekanga. 
Turnip, n. keha; horuhoru; ko- 

rau; tiani; 2)ohata. 
Tusk, n. 7'ei; niho. 
Tweezers, n. kuku. 
Twelve, a. tekau ina rua. 
Twenty, a. rua tekau; hokorua. 
Twice, ad. tuarua. 
Twig, n. vara; koetoeto ; 2^uaka. 
Tw^ilight, a. rikoriko. 
Twilled, a. toriia. 
Twin, n. mahanga. 
Twine, n. alio. 
Twinkle, v. i. kotamtdamu ; 

hi7iatore ; p)ura. 
Twirl, v.t. Mirihuri. 
Twist, V. TYiiromiro ; whiri ; 

whakawiri; karure. 
Twist, n. rino; rinorino. 
Twisted (in grain, as wood), a. 

wliakaiviri; takawiri ; korori; 

Twitch, V. takiri; hura. 
Twitter, v.i. ^?eA;t. 
Two, a. rua; rie ; rienga. 
Two, by, ad. takirua; 2)urua. 
Two days ago, ad. inaoake; 



Udder, n. u. 
Ugly, a. albua kino. 
Ulcerated, a. komaoa; 


nga; mariao. 
Umbilical chord, n. tangaengae ; 
pito ; uho ; iho. 





Umbrella, n. marara. 

Unable to SAvim, a. parera- 

Una^wares, at, ad. tarehu. 
Uncle, n. mntua keke; pa2)a. 
Unconcerned, a. haumarum. 
Uncooked, a. tnata; kaimata; 

Ota; torouka; tonganga; tvheo ; 

tvliakarae; utonga; kanewha. 
Uncover, v. t. Mir a; huaki. 
— (by scraping away the earth), 

Uncovered, a. inalmra. 
Uncultivated (as land), a. jmpa- 

tua; toitii. 
Undecided, be, v.i. ivheanga- 

anga ; tvhakaangaanga. 
Under, prep, ki raro i; kei raro i; 

Understand, v.t. matau; inohio. 
Understanding, a. matau ; 

moldo ; matanga. 
Understood, be, v.i. whairo; 

Undone, a. maiara; j)ahe')io. 
Uneasy in mind, a. maihi; 

jyaihi; manatvakino ; mana- 

warau; mawera; pawera. 
Unencumbered, a. angiangi. 
Uneven, a. palmvihiwi. 
Unfledged birds, n. koraho- 

Unflinching, a. kiriuka. 
Unfortunate, a. aitua. 
Unfruitful, a. tatakau; hua-kore; 

tilpd; wehe. 
Unimportant, n. noa. 
Unique, a. talii; kotalii. 
Unintelligible, a. ngaro. 
Unite, v.t. tvhakakotahi. 
Unity, n. kotaldtanga. 
Unjust, a. lie; whakahaere he. 
Unless, conj. ki te kore. 
Unlucky, a. aitua. 
Unmarried, a. marokau. 
Unmindful, a. wareware ; maku- 


Unmoveable, a. nanawe; whaka- 

Unoccupied, a. watea; atea. 
Unpaid, a. tarewa; taureiva. 
Unpalatable, a. kawa; kutaitai; 

haneanea ; nohunohu. 
Unperceived, ad, toroptiku; 

Unproductive, a. pueku. 
Unravel, v.t. wewete; whakama- 

Unrighteous, a. he. 
Unripe, a. mata; ota ; kaiota; 

torouka; utonga; kanetvha ; 

Unseasoned (as timber), a. toro- 
uka; kaimata. 
Unsettled, a. arangi; harangi; 

karangi; hikirangi; kahuira- 

ngi; tirangi; tirengi; taurewa ; 

tarewa; tingei; tineinei; kewha; 

tatere; tiemi; haurokuroku; 

titengi; tuarangaranga ; whaka- 

Unsettle, v. t. whakapakepake ; 

ivhakaliarangi, &c. 
Unsteady, be, v.i. titaka; tau- 

taka; tikoki; tatutatu; tureti- 

Unsuccessful (in fishing, «Src.), a. 

muhore ; 2^'^^^^'^^ > angitua ; 

kirihaunga; taitaia; rahua. 
Untie, v.t. wewete; takiri. 
Untied, be, v.i. mawete; mawheto; 

kareto ; maheno ; kaheno; paheno; 

matolia; raakoha; matara; 

kotara; tatara. 
Until, ad. taea noatia; a; no; 

kia; apanoa. 
Unto, prep. ki. 
Untouched, a. tikitu ; toitu ; 

Untwisted, be, v.i. matara. 
Unwary, a. hautaruru. 
Unyielding, a. whakatuiuri. 
Up, ad. ki runga. 
Up to, prep. to. 

Upon 315 

Upon, pi'cp. ki rwu/a ki. I 

Upper part, the, n. runga. \ 

Uppermost, the, u. to runga 

Upright, a. tn /onii; tntika. 
Uproarious, be, v.i. rarl. 
Upset, v.t. jxjvoliuri. 
Upset, be, v.i. tahuri. 
Upsidedown, ad. koaro. 
Upward, ad. ake; ki runga; 

ivhaka runga. 
Urge, v.t. a; akiaki ; tene ; 

whakakoro ; tohe; whakahau; 


I ngare; kuene; teka ; kulete; 
wluikangete ; tuwhana. 

Urgent, a. no-tioi; totoa; whai- 
' icJiairoroa. 

Urine, n. mimi; pi. 

Us, pron. tatou; matou. 

Us two, pron. ta^ia; maua. 

Use, v.t. tangotango. 

Utter, V. t. whakajyuaki. — deli- 
berately, tataku. 

Uttered, be, v.i. jmaki. 

Uvula, 11. tuhetohe; mii'amira. 


Vacant, a. atea; watea; takoto 

noa; Immama. 
Vagabond, n. kaihau; kaikora; 

koi'lpi; kurapa ; oiaiihea; tipi- 

7c]ieiiua; tiiveka. 
Vain, in, ad. mauniau; noa,. 
Valley, n. awaawa; kakaritanga ; 

hapnia; marua; ivharua; mato ; 

taiororua; taivhati; riih. 
Value, n. ntu. 
Vapour, n. mamaoa; korowha- 

nake. See steam. 
Variable, be, v. i. haiirokuroku ; 

puta ke ; poka ke. 
Vary, v.i. titaha. 
Veer, v.i. taka; korure. 
Veil, n. kopare; arai. 
Vein, n. uana. 
Verandah, n. ivhakamaha-u; via- 

hau; koilii; rueke; haurangi; 

kangatungatu ; pikitara. 
Verge towards, v.i. tvliano. 
Verse, n. rarangi. 
Vertebra, n. iivi tuar-aro. 
Very, ad. ki; tino ; rawa; atu; 

Vessel, n. oko ; paepac ; papa- 

piatua. — made of seaw^eed, 

Vex, v.t. rangirangi. 

Vexed, be, v. i. whakatakariri ; 

karangirangi; tinia; lionohonoa; 

whanowhanoa ; takaritarita ; 

rtxatangerengere. See annoyed. 
Vibrate, v.i. piupiu; ngateri. 
Vice, u. kino; he. 
Vicious, a. hianga. 
Victorious, a. tea. 
Victual, n. kai. 
Vie, v.i. tohe; tautohetohe; tata- 

whainga; tauwhainga. 
View, 11. tirohanga. 
Vigilant, a. tupato; mataara. 
Vigorous (as plants), a. kaha; 

matomato ; tujjerepere. 
Vile, a. kino; tveriweri; whaka- 

Village, 11. kainga; pa. 
Vine, u. wAiNA. 
Vineyard, u. mar a wain a. 
Violate, v. t. takahi. Violate 

'tapu' (with cooked food), 

Violent, a. jyakaha ; taikaha ; 

tuanui; tuperepjere; ruperu-pe; 

tatahaa; tu. 
Virgin, n. wahina. 
Viscid, a. tataki. 
Viscous fluid, n. ware. 
Vision, 11. kitenga. 




Visit, v.t. toro; ivhakatau. 
Visitor, n. mamchiri; ivhakaeke. 
Voice, n. reo; walia. 
Void, a. atea; kautahanga. 
Volcano, n. jniia. 
Volley, n. taipara. 

Vomit, v.i. ruaki. 
Voracious, a. orota. 
Vote, v.i. POTi. 
Voyage, n. rerenga. 
Voyager, n, kaihora. 


Wade, v.i. kau. 

Wag, v.i. oraora; toroherohe. 

Wages, n. utu. 

Wail, v.i. a\ie; tangi. 

Waist, n. Ziope. 

Wait, v.i. taiari; whanga; wha- 

kananawe ; ivhakaririka ; tiaki. 
Wait a while, ad. taihoa; taria ; 

tarita; takaro ; tauka; kia toka. 
Wake, v.i. ara; oho. 
Wakeful, a. ara; niataara; ma- 

Walk, v.i. haere waewae. 
Walking-stick, n. tokotoko; t%i- 

Wall, n. pakitara; patu; tara. 
Wallet, n. PA HI. 
Wallo"W, V. titakataka ; oke. 
Wall-plate, n. paetara ; kaho 

V/and, a. matire. 
Wander, v. i. haereere ; atiti ; 

kotititi; tiutiu; atiuiiu; kaea; 

kaewa; maewa; kokewa; kone- 

wha; koroiroi; whakaroiroi; 

koroirangi ; taiamiki. 
Wanderer, n. konene; manene. 
Wandering (asadreani),a. tntoro. 
Wane, v.i. riko. 
Want, n. onge. 
— , he in, v.i. mate; takaonge. 
War, n. pakanga; whaiuJiui; 

Ward off, v.t. papare; kakaro; 

and; araarai ; wawao; whaka- 

Warm, a. maJuma; werawera; 

2)uwera; ahuru; puahuru. 
Warm, v.t. whakaahuru; whaka- 

— oneself, v.i. inaina; painnina. 
Warn, v.t. whakatup>ato; whaka- 


— (by shouting\ hdhn. 
Warp, 11. whenu. 

Warrior, n. toa; kaitoa; kiko- 

Wart, n. tona; kautoiia; kiri- 

"Wary, a. matakana. 
Wash, v.t. horoi; uku. 
Wasp, n. katipo. 
Waste, v.t. maumau. 
Waste away, v.i. koeo; kohi; 

kohiakiko; ngongo ; hikoko ; 

Wasted, a. maumari. 
Wasteful, a. ngutuliore. 
Watch, v.i. mataara; Jdwa; 


— for, v.t. tiaki. 
Watch, 11. WATi. 

Watchful, a. rnatapopore; tujiia- 

Watchman, n. kai-mataara. 
Water, n. wai; honu; katao; 

mote ; ngongi. 
Water, v. t whakamakuku. 
Water (as the mouth), v.i. mowai. 
Watercourse, u. maero. 
Water-cress, n. koivhitiwhiti. 
Waterfall, n. rcre; talieke. 
Water-hen, n. pakura; pukeko; 

tangata tawhito. 




Waterlogged, be, v. i. uriUomo. 
Watertight, be, v.i. marii, ; pild. 
Watery, a. puhiwai; toriivni; 

Wave, n. nyaru. 
— , small, n. papata. 
Wave, V. t. piupitc; powhiri; 

taivliiri; ori; tiori. 
Wavy, a. kapu mahora. 
Way, n. a7'a. 
— , out of the, a. atea. 
Waylay, v. t. tvhakamomoka ; 

We, pron. tatou; matou; tatau; 

We two, pron. taua; tao; maua. 
Weak, a. ngoikore; iioikore; 

ayiewa; cmuhea; nianauliea; 

'liyongori; lianyore; hauarea ; 

maioio ; inoioio ; kongange ; 

kongehe ; ngaliengahe ; kopipl ; 

mdngi; p)ororotua ; roiho; ruhi; 

maero; taero; tapore; taujye. 
— (in growth), a. titohea. 
Weaken, v. t. tvhakai'uhiruhi ; 

Weal, n. karawarawa. 
Wealth, n. taonga. 
Weapon, n. pafu; ringaringa; 

Wear (round the neck), v.t. hei. 
Weariness, n. Imhi. 
Wearisome, a. hoha; wliaka- 

h oh a. 
Weary, be, v.i. hoha; ngenge; 

marohirohi; rore; mauiui; 7'o- 

whea; 7'uwha; waea; waitati; 

wheru; taiaroa; tungarangara. 
Weather, n. rangi. 
— , bad, n. ori; pulioro. 
Weave, v.t. whatu; nape; rara- 

Web (spider's) n. tukutuku. ' 
Webbed (as birds' feet), a. rapta. 

Wed, v.t. M ARENA. 

Wedding, n. maeenatanga ; ta- 

Wedge, n. makahi; matakahi; 

indtdora; era. 
Wednesday, n. Wkneuki. 
Weed, n. otaota; taru. 
Weed, v.t. ngaki. 
Week, n. wiki. 
Weep, v.i. tangi; koreto. 
Weigh, v.t. i'auna; weti. 
— down, v. t. whakataimaha ; 

rorotu; pehi; tatami. 
Weight, n. taimaha; taumaha; 

toimaha; tami. — (on a cable 

to prevent an anchor from 

dragging), tdwe. 
Weir, n. jia. 
Welcome, v.t. p)owhiri; tawhiri; 

Welcome ! haere mail nau 

mail tauti mail 
Well, a. ora; px^i- 
Well, it is, marie a7io; kaitoa; 

mokori ano; kareka ana. 
Well, ad. kati. 
Well executed, a. nanahu. 
Well, n. poka wai. 
Wen, n. ngene. 
West, n. uru; ra-to. 
West wind, n. hauauru; tauru; 

hauarahi ; puawanga. 
West - north - west w^ind, a. 

Western sea, n. tai tua; tai 

Wet, a. maku; haumaku; rari; 

makengo; kuwaiwai; taritari; 

teiceteive ; tvhekuwheku. 
Whale, n. tohora ; tohoralia ; 

pakake; paraoa; mimiha; wera. 
What, whatever, [)ron. aha. 
What place, n. hea; lahea. 
What time, n. Jiea; tvhea; tahta- 

— , do, v.t. aha. . 

What, int. are; ha. 
Wheat, n. wiTi. 
Wheedle, v.t. ^;a<^; whakap)ati; 


Wheel 318 

Wheel, n. po7-otvhita; wira. 
When, ad. ana; ina; no; i; kia ; 
ud; i te mea. 

— (interrogative), ad. ahea; ina- 
hea; nonahea; no tainawhea. 

Whence, ad. no hea; i hea. 
Where, ad. ko hea; kei hea; 

ihea; kihea; liei hea ; tea; 

Whereas, conj. no te mea. 
Whereat, ad. no reira; mo reira. 
Whereby, ad. ma reira. 
Wherefore, conj. koia; mo reira; 

mo kona; mo konei. 
Whereupon, ad. oia; no reira; 

i reira; heoi. 
Whether, conj. ahakoa; ranei; 

raina; me. 
Whetstone, n. hoanga. 
Which, pron. tehea; ehea. — (in 

order), hia. 
While, ad. koi; keiioha; i. 
— , in a little, ad. mea ake; me- 

ake; taro ake. 
Whine, v.i. uene. 
Whip, v.t. 7vhiu; ta. 
Whip, n. u-hiu; ta; wepu. 
Whipping-top, n. kaihotaka; kai- 

taka; jMtaka. 
Whirl, V. t. tawhiri; koivhiri; 

tawhiuivhiu; karawhiu; ])Oivai- 

wai; koumuum,u ; rijiorvpo. 
Whirligig, n. tarari. 
Whirling, a. komiro. 
Whirlpool, n. riporijm; kororipo; 

atchiotvhio ; miro ; au. 
Whirlwind, n. atvhiowliio; tukan- 

Whisk, V. t. potvhiriichiri ; po- 

Whisper, v.i. kowhetewhete ; ko- 

Jiumuliumu ; komuhumuhu; ko- 

Whistle, v.i. koroivldti; zvhio; 

White, a. ma; tea. 

— clay, n. ukui; uku. 


White (of egg), n. whakakahu. 

— faced, a. motea. 
Whitened, a. hatea; katea. 
Whitish, a. koma. 
Whither, ad. ko hea; ki hea. 
Whizz, v.i. majyu; huhil; rorohu; 

Who, pron. wai. 
Whole, a. katoa. 
Whose, pron. na wai; no wai. 
Why, ad. he aha; na te aha. 
Wick, n. wiKi. 
Wicked, a. kino; hara. 
Wicker basket, n. taiki. 
Wide, a. whanui ; wharahi ; 


— and shallow, a. karaha; kara- 

— extent, n. nuku. 

— of the mark, a. tipa ke. 
Widgeon, n. jiiatapouri ; pa- 

Widow, n. pouaru ; takahore; 

Widower, n. j)'^'<^'^'>'^ > takahore. 
Width, n. tvhanui; wharahi. 
Wife, n. wahine; hoa. 
Wild, a. mdka; kowao; rupahu. 
Wilderness, n. koraha. 
Will, n. hiahia; pai. — (testa- 
ment), oha-ki; wiRA. 
Willing, a. ^^ai. 
Wind, n. hau; ta; m.itri; kohengi- 

hengi; kotengitengi : matangi. 
Wind, v. t. pokai ; takatakai; 

tvh akawhiwhi. 
Wind about, v.i. kokeke; kopiko- 

Winding, a. aivhio?vhio ; taiaivhio. 
Windmill toy, n. pekayeka. 
Window, n. rnata.pihi; kotopihi; 

mataaho ; jnhanga. 
Wine, n. WAIXA. 
Wing, n. parirau ; harirau ; 

pakau ; pakaukau ; paihau ; 


— (of an army), n. kauae. 




Wink, v.i. kamo; kiino; kiiva ; 

krro ; whakakini; manana. 
Winnow, v.t. kowhiuwhiu. 
Winter, n. hotoke; liutoke ; taku- 

rua.; makariri. 
Wipe, v.t. muku; ukiii ; mtiru. 
Wire, n. WAKA. 
Wisdom, u. matauranga ; mohio- 

t(i)i(ja; wJiakaaro nui. 
Wise, a. matau; mohio; matanga. 
Wise person, n. j^u. 
Wish, v.t. /linhia; amene ; mina- 

miua. See desire. 
Witch, n. wahine makatu. 
Witchcraft, n. makutu; whai- 

wliaia; taiirarua. 
With, pi-ep. kei; me; i; ki. 
Withered, be, v. i. memenge ; 

poke ; iighigio ; ngongohe ; 2^<^'>'o- 

2)aro ; kojn'pi; ■pojioko ; whetvlie- 

Withhold, V. t. meko; kai2)onu; 

hakere ; kaihakere. 
Within, prep, kei roto i; irotoi; 

ki roto i; hei roto i. 
Witness, n. kai-whakaatu ; kai- 

Witticism, n. /^e/^eArt. 
Wives, having two, a. j^uriarua. 
Wizard, n. tohunga. 

Wolf, n. WURUHI. 

Woman, n. wahine. 

— introduced into a family 
by marriage, tapakuu-ha. 

— old> n. kuia ; ruruhi; ngoingoi; 
ruwahine; kui ; hakioi; hupeke. 

— w^hose husband is absent, 
n. maronui. 

Womb, n. kojiu. 

Wonder, v. i. miliaro ; maharo ; 

miha; mihi; monoa. 
Wonderful, a. whakamiharo. 
Woo, v.t. aruaru ; whai; whai- 

aipo; ivhnkaijwi'po ; matoro. 
Wood, n. ngahere; tawhao; nehe- 

nehe ; luekii. — (timber), rakaii. 

— isolated, n. motu rakau; kari. 

Wood-hen, n. weka. 

Woof, n. n/io. 

Wool, n. huruhuru hipi; wuuru. 

Woolly, (of hair), a. kaj^u piri- 

Word, n. kiipii; korero. 
Work, n. hcdiga; rnahi; torotoro. 
— accomplished, n. Juaumauiui. 
World, n. ao. 

Worm, n. take; noke; ngunu. 
Worm-eaten, a. jwpo. 
Worn-out, a. pelaiieta; ngawhe- 

ivlie ; ngawhingawhi. 
Worship, v.t. karakia. 
Worthless, a. marutuna. 
Worthy, a. imi. 
Wound, n. tunga; motu. 
Wounded, a. motu; tu; taotu; 

kaiakiko ; tuakiri. 
Wrangle, v.i. rure; whakawawa; 

Wrap up, v.t. takai; kopaki. 
Wrath, n. 7'iri; aritarita. 
Wreath, n. pare; kojmre. 
Wrecked, a. paea; jJ^^karu. 
Wrench, v.t. tango. 
Wrest (as words), v.t. whakariro 

Wrestle, v.i. whakataetae; nono- 

ke ; kdkari. 
Wriggle, v.i. korikori; keukeu; 

Wring, v.t. whakawiri. 
Wrinkle, n. korukoru. 
Wrinkled, be, v.i. rehe; ktirehe; 

purehe ; kuwhewhewhewhe ; hohe- 

hohe ; ngingio ; kopakopa ; 

Wrist, n. kawititanga a te ringa- 

Write, v.t. tuhituhi. 
Writhe, v.i. kapekajjeta; okeoke; 

hikaikai ; koivheta ; takawheta- 

ivlieta; karapetapetau ; koiriiri; 

takaoioi ; takaoriori. 
Wrong, a. he. 
— » go> v.i. takahe. 




Yam, n. mvhikaho. 

Yard, n. marae. 

— (measure), iari. 

Yawn, v.i. kohera; tuwaliaroa. 

Ye, pron. koutou. 

Ye two, pron. korua. 

Yea, ad. ae; koia. 

Year, n. tau. 

— , last, tauhouanga. 

Yearning, a. kawata; kuwata; 

Yell, v.i. horu. 
Yelk (of egg), n. hakari; tohua; 

Yellow, a. iningapunga. 
Yelp, v.i. tau; wewe. 
Yes, ad. ae; ina; koia; ana. 
Yesterday, ad. inanahi; nona- 

nahi ; tainahi ; taiiianahi ; 

Yesternight, ad. i7iapo; nonaj)o. 
Yet, ad. ano. 
Yield (let go), v.t. tuku. 
Yielding (to pressure), a. komeme. 

Yoke, n. lOKA. 

Yonder, ad. ki ko; kei ko; i ko ; 

hei ko; ra; vara; raina. 
You, pron. koutou. 
You two, pron. korua. 
Young, a. kuao; pu7iua. 

— man, n. taitama; taitamariki; 
tahake; tahae. 

— woman, n. taitamahine. 

— growth of trees, n. hurujm; 

— potatoes, n. kukai'i. 
Young (of birds), n. hukari ; 

kukari; jyi. 
Younger relative, n. teina; 

Youngest child, n. whakaotinga ; 

potiki; whakamiUunga ; whaka- 

jjakanga; muringa; tamanga- 

Your, pron. ta koutou; to koutou; 

ta korua; to korua. 
Youth, n. taitamariki; maitiiti. 


Zeal, n. tohe; uaua. 

Zigzag, a. kopikopiko. 


— J— 

Page Col. 

1 1. 1 to 7 

1. 34, after "ahuahu" 

after 1. 38 

after 1. 40 

1. 45, after "ganiient" 
after 1. 3 




after]. 5 







after 1. 20 

after 1. 37 






afterl. 34 







after 1. 1 7 ... 






1. 1 

1. 15, after "Irirangi" 
after 1. 17 ... 

Erase 1st line, and "whakaae- 

aea" in 2nd line, and pl;ice what 

follows under " "whakaeaea " 

on p. 16; correcting the ex- 
amples accordingly, 
insert, a. 

II f:i v.i. di'tniiiish. 

II Ahuriri, n. wei7: 

II 3 be lenytliened out. 

<\ Amatiatia, n. outrigger 

of a canoe, 
insert, 2 ujn'iylU supjjorls of the 

lotver end of the 'inaihi' on the 

front gable of a house, 
insert, Anurangi, n. a variety of 

insert, 3 layer of toetoe thatch on 

a roof, 
insert, whakaau, n. a kind of eel. 

II Aiimihi, v. t. sigh for. 

Compare mihi. 
insert, 2 variegated jjhorinium 

insert, Hamo, n. a variety of 

insert, 2 a variety of kumara. 

II haiAodactylus meandratus ; 

granite trout. 
insert, HSeroa, n. a weapon like 

a 'taiaha,' but pointed at the 

upper end, without any carving. 
For Hu, read Hu. 
insert, 2 a variety of kumara. 

II 2 dishevelled. 

II a. 

II short, as the breathing. 

Ko te manawa e irirangi touu 





Page Col. 
45 2 1.12... 

46 2 after 1. 12 
48 1 after 1. 9 

48 1 after 1. 20 

48 1 1,26... 

49 1 after 1. 21 

49 2 after 1. 40 

50 1 1.42... 

51 1 after 1. 9 

52 2 after 1. 32 
56 1 1.22... 



after 1. 




1. 8 .., 






after 1. 




after 1. 




1. 43... 



after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 


68 2 after 1. 12 
73 1 after 1. 23 

insert, 3 carved re2yresentation of 
a human face on the gable of a 

II Kahiiorangi, n. a variety 
of taro. 
insert, KS,inga-awha, n. a broad 
boaid, placed on edge, enclosing 
the covered space in front of 
the door of a native house, 
insert, Kaipaoe, a. wandering. 
For Kairakau, read KairakS,u. 
insert, KakatS,rS,hae, n. a large 
variety of ta,ro, with red leaf- 
insert, Kanehe, n. small potatoes. 
II 3 a pattern of 'tukutuku' 
insert, kapo, n. liyhtning. 
n kare, v.t. whip a top. 
II 2 temporary supports for 
'kaho' on the roof of a house 
while the roof is being covered, 
insert, KauAvhanga, n. limb of a 

insert, v. i. recite old legends or 

insert, 3 a form of 'karakia.' Ko- 
tahi te kawa moana i u mai ai Te 
Arawa waka ki uta nei. 
insert, Ka'wS.u, n. a red variety 

of kuiaara. 
insert, kitakita, n. small piotatoes. 
fi 3 a variety of taro with 
running roots, 
insert, K6hepir6, n. angelica 

roso'/olia, a plant, 
insert, koiri, n. a pattern of 

ornamental painting, 
insert, K6nghu, n. 1 dust; 2 a 
variety of kumara, with dark 
leaves and stems, 
insert, konihi, v.t. 1 touch lightly; 

2 graze. 
insert, Kor5a, n. 1 index finger; 
2 second toe. 







after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 




1. 12.. 



after 1. 




after 1. 


86 1 1.30... 
86 2 after 1. 26 




after 1. 39 

2 after 1. 26 



after 1. 




after 1. 




1. 36... 
after 1. 





after 1. 

8 .. 



after 1. 

16 .. 



after 1. 

34 .. 



after 1. 




1.4 .. 



after 1. 

30 ''. 

insert, K6r6rup6, n. outer facing 

of the I'nitd of a doorway, 
insert, Kura'wS,-wa'wS,'wS,-'wa,i, 

n. a pattern of 'tukutuku' orna- 
insert, KiirutS,!, n. pestle ; pounder 
insert, 3 mcdn limb of a lai'ge 

insert, maika, n. basket for cooked 

food used in the 'pure' ceremony 

for a new house, 
insert, MS.naia, n. a pattern of 

insert, 2 fourth finger^ or toe. 

II manihi, n. potamogeton 

natans, a water plant, 
insert, or ornamental painting. 

M or ornamental painting. 

II 2 middle ^finger, or toe. 

n Matakauri, n. a variety 

of kumara. 
insert, Matapupuni, a. Kowhao 

matapupuni, holes for the lash- 
ing ivhich fastened the 'haumi' 

to the body of a canoe. 
insert, Mimikiore, n. a plant 

used as a scent, 
insert, Monda, v.i. wonder. Ka 

monoa atu ahau ki nga hanga a 

te tangata nei. 
insert, 3 a biid. 

II Ngaora, v.i. hurst open, as 

flowers. Ka ngaora te kowliai. 
insert, Ngaue, n. a variety of 

taro, with dark edges to the 

sheathing leaf-stalk, 
insert, Ngeni, n. small potatoes. 

M PaeS,ngaanga, n. a variety 

of taro. 
insert, PaetS,u, v.i. 1 sit apart; 

2 be cast aside. 
insert, Pakatie, n. a variety of 

insert, 2 tvandering. 

II Pakihau, n. 1 tvioig ; 2 /in. 

Compare paihau. 



Page Col. 

125 1 

132 1 

132 2 












after 1.15 ... 

after 1. 40 ... 

after 1.24 ... 


after 1. 5 
after 1. 12 ... 
after 1.39 ... 

after 1. 6 


after 1. 7 

after 1. 30 ... 

1. 15, after 'n.' 

after last line 


line 8, after 'jerk' 

1 after 1. 41 


after 1. 19 ... 

1. 37, end 



after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 



1 1.28.. 

insert paoa, v.i. be diffused, as 

scent, &c. 
insert, Pehii, n. 1 a variety of 

kumara; 2 a variety of tar-o. 
insert, pekepeke, n. celmisia 

loiigifolia, a plant. 
For 'gable' read 'roof.' 
insert, piapia, a. ylairy ; viscid. 

II Piere, n. a bird. 

II Pikoko, a variety of phor- 

viiuin tenax, with broad brown 

insert, Pipik6-kS,uhangaroa, n. 

a varieta of kumara. 
insert, 4 abyss. 

II Pokerekahii, n. a variety 

of kuma'a with red .'•kin. 
insert, Popo-whatitiri, n. a 

insert, brachyglottis rejmnda, a 

insert, •whakaremu, n. lower end 

of a cultivated field. 
For Rere-wai, read Rere-wSi. 
insert. He liau rutu; a baling 

insert, Takaruha, n. a kind of 

insert, olearia furfur acea. 

n tapu-wae-pakiira, n. a 

pattern of 'tukutuku' ornament, 
insert, 3 throiv out second pair of 

leaves, after seed leaves, as a 

gourd; such leaves are called 

' rau tara.' 
insert, Tarehurangi, n. a variety 

of kumara. 
insert, Taremii, n. lower end of a 

cultivated field, 
insert, tarutu, a. stumbling; in- 
insert, Taunanapi, v.t. handle; 

be busied ivitli. 
insert, Tawaru, n. a pattern of 

insert, 2 a lizard. 


Page Col. 

194 2 after 1. 13 ... ... insert, TetgrfirgiS,, n. a variety 

of kuriiara, with red skin. 

201 2 1.12 insert, 3 a bird. 

209 1 1. 30, after ^^felliny" w or disembowelling. 

209 1 1. 30, after "tua" ... u and tuaki. 
211 2 after 1. 42 ... ... n tuku, a. having the door- 

way at the side. He whare tuku 
ki uta; he waka ama ki te 
. . . insert, 2 a variety of kuinara. 

II Tu-wha, v.i. glow, as coals. 
II UekahS,, a. 1 strenuous; 
2 difficult. 
... insert, whakaupoko, n. upjier 

end of a cultivated field. 
... insert, WS,irenga, n. hroth or 
gravy from cooked meat, 
insei't, Wini, n. a dark variety of 
... insert, whiwhiu, v.i. keep aloof. 
He tangata whiwhiu koe i waho 
o tenei mahi. 




after 1. 
after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 




after 1. 





Los Angeles 
This book is DUE on the last date stamped below. 

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•JUN 14191J2 

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